CN103307683A - Hot pipe and air conditioner all-in-one machine - Google Patents

Hot pipe and air conditioner all-in-one machine Download PDF

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Publication number
CN103307683A
CN103307683A CN2013102773885A CN201310277388A CN103307683A CN 103307683 A CN103307683 A CN 103307683A CN 2013102773885 A CN2013102773885 A CN 2013102773885A CN 201310277388 A CN201310277388 A CN 201310277388A CN 103307683 A CN103307683 A CN 103307683A
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China
Prior art keywords
condenser
evaporimeter
pipe
heat
liquid level
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CN2013102773885A
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CN103307683B (en
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祝长宇
丁式平
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Beijing Deneng Hengxin Technology Co Ltd
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Beijing Deneng Hengxin Technology Co Ltd
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Abstract

The invention discloses a hot pipe and air conditioner all-in-one machine which mainly comprises a condenser, an evaporator, an electronic expansion valve, a compressor, a liquid storage tank, a liquid level regulating pipe, a condenser fan, an evaporator fan, a check valve, a gas guide pipe, a liquid guide pipe and a circuit control element. The liquid storage tank is used for implementing accumulation of a liquid refrigerant; a gas refrigerant of the evaporator is stopped from entering the condenser through a path where the liquid storage tank is positioned, so that the check valve can be opened by different of a fluid column pressure formed by a connecting pipeline between the liquid storage tank and the evaporator and a pressure of a high temperature gas refrigerant formed by the evaporator due to evaporation of the refrigerant; the liquid level regulating pipe is used for carrying out liquid level regulation on the refrigerant inside the evaporator so as to prevent the liquid refrigerant from entering the compressor. The hot pipe and air conditioner all-in-one machine which is disclosed by the invention and is used as a communication base station and a machine room has a simple structure and is relative lower in manufacturing cost of a product; the product has high reliability when in use, has a good refrigerating effect and is beneficial to energetical popularization and application.

Description

A kind of heat pipe air conditioner all-in-one
Technical field
The invention belongs to the cold and hot energy transporting technical field, relate to a kind of heat pipe air conditioner all-in-one that carries out cold and hot energy transporting that gravity assisted heat pipe system and heat pump are compounded to form mutually.
Background technology
The air-conditioning system chief component that is used at present the regulation and control environment temperature is indoor heat exchanger and outdoor heat exchanger, this air-conditioning system can realize by the highly energy-consuming of compressor in the indoor heat exchanger temperature adjusting to condensing agent, thereby indirectly change indoor environment temperature, this air-conditioning system is not accomplished good energy savings, when outdoor temperature is lower than indoor temperature, because (extraneous dust concentration is large for certain reason, air pollution etc.) can not carry out direct cross-ventilation cooling by window opened via, the compressor of at this moment also having to open highly energy-consuming carries out adjustment, this phenomenon is at high temperature dustproof environment (machine room, the special high temperature occasions such as electricity chamber) performance is obvious especially, because the use occasion heat dissipation equipment is concentrated, heat dissipation capacity is large, space temperature is high, quick heating, prevent dust and require high characteristic, so that use traditional air-conditioning to be difficult to conserve energy here, start the heat pump cooling even also have to when outdoor temperature is more much lower than indoor temperature, and now relative energy-saving a kind of introduces the mode that all-fresh air lowers the temperature a lot of areas is inapplicable at home, a large amount of outdoor dust and humid air can be brought into indoorly, the safety that affects indoor equipment is normally moved.
The form of the another kind of wind that adopts---wind heat exchanger can be avoided introducing outdoor dust and humid air indoor, but need to offer larger ventilation hole at safeguard structures such as equipment room, machine room enclosure walls, not only destroy the stability of body of wall, also have stolen potential safety hazard.
Some season throughout the year, such as winter and spring and autumn, lower and can not carry out in the situation of indoor-outdoor air convection current than the design temperature in indoor heat release zone in outdoor temperature, the compressor that does not also have a kind of system can need not open in this case highly energy-consuming just can carry out indoor temperature control, even in this case, existing air-conditioning system must start the compressor (particularly those caloric values are concentrated the demanding workplace of cleannes) of highly energy-consuming environment is controlled temperature, this scheme that still adopts heat pump to lower the temperature to cool off is not energy-conservation, thereby the unnecessary waste that causes electric energy, operation costs are high.
Summary of the invention
The object of the invention is to overcome the shortcoming that prior art exists, for solving the large problem of energy consumption that exists in the heat pump, and provide a kind of simple in structure, implement easily, the heat pipe air conditioner all-in-ones of energy-saving and emission-reduction, can under the suitable condition of outdoor temperature, automatically enable energy saver mode and regulate indoor temperature, can be safely, reliable, stable, the energy-conservation automatic running refrigerating circulatory system.
Technical solution problem of the present invention adopts following technical scheme:
A kind of heat pipe air conditioner all-in-one, it is characterized in that, comprise condenser, evaporimeter, electric expansion valve, compressor, fluid reservoir, liquid level adjustment pipe, condenser fan, evaporator fan, check valve, wireway, catheter and circuit controling element, comprise condenser, evaporimeter, electric expansion valve, compressor, condenser fan, evaporator fan, wireway, catheter and circuit control section, it is characterized in that, also comprise fluid reservoir, liquid level adjustment pipe and check valve; Described evaporimeter is micro-channel heat exchanger, comprises evaporimeter discharge, evaporimeter collector tube, middle flat tube and radiating fin; Described condenser is micro-channel heat exchanger, comprises condenser discharge, condenser collector tube, middle flat tube and radiating fin; Described evaporimeter is positioned at the bottom of condenser, and between evaporimeter discharge and the condenser collector tube drop must be arranged; Described fluid reservoir is connected between condenser collector tube and the electric expansion valve, and fluid reservoir laterally places, and its position is positioned at the bottom of condenser collector tube; Described electric expansion valve is connected between fluid reservoir and the evaporimeter collector tube; Described liquid level adjustment pipe is connected between evaporimeter discharge and the evaporimeter collector tube, and liquid level adjustment pipe laterally places, and its position is positioned at the bottom of evaporimeter discharge; Evaporimeter, liquid level adjustment pipe, compressor, condenser, fluid reservoir and electric expansion valve are linked in sequence according to above-listed by connecting pipe like this, have formed a heat pump circulating system; Be connected between evaporimeter discharge and the condenser discharge after described check valve and the compressor parallel; Evaporimeter, liquid level adjustment pipe, check valve, condenser, fluid reservoir and electric expansion valve are linked in sequence according to above-listed by connecting pipe like this, have formed a heat pipe circulatory system.
The above electric expansion valve is in full-gear when the heat pipe mode cycle, when the heat pump cycle pattern, regulate its flow according to the compressor operating demand.
The above circuit control section can according to the contrast of indoor design temperature and outdoor temperature, open heat pump mechanical refrigeration system and heat pipe natural heat-exchange System Replacement.
The present invention compared with prior art, separated gravity hot pipe technology and steam compression type refrigeration technology are merged mutually, have complementary advantages, take full advantage of the power-saving technology of natural cooling source, when indoor required design temperature is lower than outdoor temperature, carry out radiating and cooling by heat pump cycle, when indoor required design temperature is higher than outdoor temperature, loop radiating and cooling by heat pipe, for throughout the year, have that to exceed time of 2/3rds be that outdoor temperature is lower than indoor required design temperature, like this under the heat pipe energy-saving pattern, the large compressor of highly energy-consuming need not to start, only with the heat pipe energy-saving module and the blower fan that start low power consuming, energy consumption is extremely low; Under refrigeration mode, because the advantage of two kinds of Refrigeration Technique plyability designs, so that refrigeration efficiency is than being better than general air-conditioning, energy-saving effect is remarkable, and this heat pipe hot pump hybrid system can be applied to the heat radiation temperature control in the fields such as base station, machine room and large electric appliances equipment.
Description of drawings
Fig. 1 is the structural representation of heat pipe air conditioner all-in-one.
Fig. 2 is refrigeration working medium flow chart during the heat pump refrigerating mode of operation of all-in-one for this reason.
Fig. 3 is refrigeration working medium flow chart during the heat pipe heat exchanging mode of operation of all-in-one for this reason.
Among the figure: (1) condenser; (11) condenser discharge; (12) condenser collector tube; (2) evaporimeter; (21) evaporimeter discharge; (22) evaporimeter collector tube; (3) electric expansion valve; (4) compressor; (51) fluid reservoir; (52) liquid level adjustment pipe; (61) condenser fan; (62) evaporator fan; (7) check valve.
The specific embodiment:
A kind of heat pipe air conditioner all-in-one shown in Figure 1 comprises condenser (1), condenser discharge (11), condenser collector tube (12), evaporimeter (2), evaporimeter discharge (21), evaporimeter collector tube (22), electric expansion valve (3), compressor (4), fluid reservoir (51), liquid level adjustment pipe (52), condenser fan (61), evaporator fan (62), check valve (7), wireway, catheter and circuit controling element; Described evaporimeter (2) is micro-channel heat exchanger, comprises evaporimeter discharge (21), evaporimeter collector tube (22), middle flat tube and radiating fin; Described condenser (1) is micro-channel heat exchanger, comprises condenser discharge (11), condenser collector tube (12), middle flat tube and radiating fin; Described evaporimeter (2) is positioned at the bottom of condenser (1), and between evaporimeter discharge (21) and the condenser collector tube (12) drop must be arranged; Described fluid reservoir (51) is connected between condenser collector tube (12) and the electric expansion valve (3), and laterally placement of fluid reservoir (51), and its position is positioned at the bottom of condenser collector tube (12); Described electric expansion valve (3) is connected between fluid reservoir (51) and the evaporimeter collector tube (22); Described liquid level adjustment pipe (52) is connected between evaporimeter discharge (21) and the evaporimeter collector tube (22), and laterally placement of liquid level adjustment pipe (52), and its position is positioned at the bottom of evaporimeter discharge (21); Evaporimeter (2), liquid level adjustment pipe (52), compressor (4), condenser (1), fluid reservoir (51) and electric expansion valve (3) are linked in sequence according to above-listed by connecting pipe like this, have formed a heat pump circulating system; Be connected between evaporimeter discharge (21) and the condenser discharge (11) after described check valve (7) is in parallel with compressor (4); Evaporimeter (2), liquid level adjustment pipe (52), check valve (7), condenser (1), fluid reservoir (51) and electric expansion valve (3) are linked in sequence according to above-listed by connecting pipe like this, have formed a heat pipe circulatory system.
When using the heat pump refrigerating mode of operation, as shown in Figure 2, compressor (4) is opened, check valve (7) is in closed condition, the pressure of taking out owing to compressor (4), check valve (7) place branch road does not almost have passing through of refrigeration working medium, the liquid condensation agent is absorbed heat in evaporimeter (2) and is reduced indoor temperature like this, liquid condensation agent after the heat absorption becomes gaseous state, become high-temperature high-pressure state and carry to condenser (1) by compressor (4) gaseous refrigerant, high temperature and high pressure gaseous refrigerant enters in the condenser (1), heat radiation liquefy cold-producing medium in condenser (1), liquid refrigerant enters liquid storage and fills with one (51) under the promotion of high-pressure gaseous refrigerant, gas-liquid refrigeration intermediate medium basis separately physical property is separated in fluid reservoir, and the high-pressure liquid intermediate medium enters into evaporimeter (2) by electric expansion valve (3) and circulates next time; Liquid level adjustment pipe (52) carries out the liquid level adjusting to the refrigeration working medium of evaporimeter inside, prevents that liquid refrigerant from entering compressor.
When using the heat pipe heat exchanging mode of operation, as shown in Figure 3, compressor (5) cuts out, and electric expansion valve (3) is in full-gear; When just starting working, check valve (7) needs a pressure differential, just can open, fluid reservoir this moment (51) is realized the accumulation of liquid refrigerating working medium, the gaseous state refrigeration working medium of prevention evaporimeter (2) enters into condenser (1) by the road at fluid reservoir (51) place, the head of liquid that forms with the connecting pipe between the evaporimeter (2) of fluid reservoir (51) and evaporimeter (2) are because the evaporation of refrigeration working medium forms high-temperature gas refrigeration working medium pressure differential can open check valve (7) like this, after check valve (7) is opened, just be in normally open; After this refrigeration working medium contacts with low-temperature heat source at condenser (1), gaseous working medium is subjected to the cooling of low-temperature heat source and is condensed into liquid in condenser (1), and emit heat, the liquid-working-medium that condensation forms, liquid refrigeration working medium enters fluid reservoir (51), gas-liquid refrigeration intermediate medium basis separately physical property is separated in fluid reservoir, then liquid refrigeration working medium enters into evaporimeter (2) and liquid level adjustment pipe (52) by electric expansion valve (3), evaporimeter (2) contacts with high temperature heat source, liquid working media is subjected to the heating of high temperature heat source and is evaporated to gas in evaporimeter (2), and the absorption heat, the gaseous state refrigeration working medium that evaporation forms enters into condenser (1) by check valve (7) place branch road and circulates next time.
This like this heat pipe air conditioner all-in-one can be according to the difference of indoor required design temperature and outdoor temperature, optionally (it can be controlled fully automatically, also can be by controlling to adjust manually duty) run on heat pump refrigerating mode of operation or heat pipe heat exchanging mode of operation, guaranteeing that the prerequisite that room temperature lowering requires is issued to energy-saving run; When higher or indoor load is excessive when outdoor temperature, heat pipe air conditioner all-in-one operating heat pump refrigeration work pattern, operation principle is identical with general frequency conversion or non-frequency air-conditioning, and indoor heat is dissipated to the exterior space by vapor-compression refrigerant cycle, reaches the cooling down effect of the interior space; When outdoor temperature is lower than the indoor temperature certain value, compressor cuts out, unit enters the heat pipe heat exchanging mode of operation automatically, by the heat pipe energy-saving module gaseous refrigerant is brought to condensation heat release in the condenser, become at last condensate liquid, condensate liquid absorbs heat in the effect of heat pipe energy-saving module downstream to evaporimeter again, whole system by the heat pipe energy-saving module with indoor heat to outdoor transmission.

Claims (3)

1. heat pipe air conditioner all-in-one, comprise condenser (1), evaporimeter (2), electric expansion valve (3), compressor (4), condenser fan (61), evaporator fan (62), wireway, catheter and circuit control section, it is characterized in that, also comprise fluid reservoir (51), liquid level adjustment pipe (52) and check valve (7); Described evaporimeter (2) is micro-channel heat exchanger, comprises evaporimeter discharge (21), evaporimeter collector tube (22), middle flat tube and radiating fin; Described condenser (1) is micro-channel heat exchanger, comprises condenser discharge (11), condenser collector tube (12), middle flat tube and radiating fin; Described evaporimeter (2) is positioned at the bottom of condenser (1), and between evaporimeter discharge (21) and the condenser collector tube (12) drop must be arranged; Described fluid reservoir (51) is connected between condenser collector tube (12) and the electric expansion valve (3), and laterally placement of fluid reservoir (51), and its position is positioned at the bottom of condenser collector tube (12); Described electric expansion valve (3) is connected between fluid reservoir (51) and the evaporimeter collector tube (22); Described liquid level adjustment pipe (52) is connected between evaporimeter discharge (21) and the evaporimeter collector tube (22), and laterally placement of liquid level adjustment pipe (52), and its position is positioned at the bottom of evaporimeter discharge (21); Evaporimeter (2), liquid level adjustment pipe (52), compressor (4), condenser (1), fluid reservoir (51) and electric expansion valve (3) are linked in sequence according to above-listed by connecting pipe like this, have formed a heat pump circulating system; Be connected between evaporimeter discharge (21) and the condenser discharge (11) after described check valve (7) is in parallel with compressor (4); Evaporimeter (2), liquid level adjustment pipe (52), check valve (7), condenser (1), fluid reservoir (51) and electric expansion valve (3) are linked in sequence according to above-listed by connecting pipe like this, have formed a heat pipe circulatory system.
2. a kind of heat pipe air conditioner all-in-one according to claim 1 is characterized in that, described electric expansion valve (3) is in full-gear when the heat pipe mode cycle, when the heat pump cycle pattern, regulates its flow according to compressor (4) work requirements.
3. a kind of heat pipe air conditioner all-in-one according to claim 1 is further characterized in that, described circuit control section can according to the contrast of indoor design temperature and outdoor temperature, open heat pump mechanical refrigeration system and heat pipe natural heat-exchange System Replacement.
CN201310277388.5A 2013-07-04 2013-07-04 A kind of heat pipe air conditioner all-in-one Active CN103307683B (en)

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Cited By (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103557571A (en) * 2013-11-18 2014-02-05 北京德能恒信科技有限公司 Inner heat pipe heat-exchange type semiconductor refrigeration device
CN103673172A (en) * 2013-11-18 2014-03-26 北京德能恒信科技有限公司 Heat pipe heat-exchange-type semiconductor refrigeration device
CN105674448A (en) * 2016-03-24 2016-06-15 清华大学 Heat pipe compounded air-conditioning system and control method thereof
CN106288541A (en) * 2015-05-28 2017-01-04 光宇清源(香港)有限公司 Thermosiphon system and fluid are unidirectionally controlled device
CN106989545A (en) * 2017-03-06 2017-07-28 广东美的暖通设备有限公司 Refrigerant cooling device and air conditioner
CN107575972A (en) * 2017-09-06 2018-01-12 苏州黑盾环境股份有限公司 A kind of heat pipe air conditioner all-in-one and its control method with phase-change accumulation energy
CN113048673A (en) * 2021-03-23 2021-06-29 郑素华 Infusion pump type refrigerator and refrigeration method

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JP3087362B2 (en) * 1991-08-09 2000-09-11 株式会社日立製作所 Air conditioner
CN101111731A (en) * 2005-02-02 2008-01-23 开利公司 Liquid-vapor separator for a minichannel heat exchanger
JP2008082637A (en) * 2006-09-28 2008-04-10 Denso Corp Supercritical refrigerating cycle
CN101298950A (en) * 2008-06-20 2008-11-05 清华大学 Wind cooling heat exchanger with solution division structure for air conditioner
CN102393052A (en) * 2011-11-18 2012-03-28 海信(山东)空调有限公司 Unpowered integral combined heat-pipe air conditioning unit and refrigerating method thereof
CN202419822U (en) * 2011-11-07 2012-09-05 北京德能恒信科技有限公司 Heat pipe and heat pump air conditioner

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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JP3087362B2 (en) * 1991-08-09 2000-09-11 株式会社日立製作所 Air conditioner
CN101111731A (en) * 2005-02-02 2008-01-23 开利公司 Liquid-vapor separator for a minichannel heat exchanger
JP2008082637A (en) * 2006-09-28 2008-04-10 Denso Corp Supercritical refrigerating cycle
CN101298950A (en) * 2008-06-20 2008-11-05 清华大学 Wind cooling heat exchanger with solution division structure for air conditioner
CN202419822U (en) * 2011-11-07 2012-09-05 北京德能恒信科技有限公司 Heat pipe and heat pump air conditioner
CN102393052A (en) * 2011-11-18 2012-03-28 海信(山东)空调有限公司 Unpowered integral combined heat-pipe air conditioning unit and refrigerating method thereof

Cited By (10)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103557571A (en) * 2013-11-18 2014-02-05 北京德能恒信科技有限公司 Inner heat pipe heat-exchange type semiconductor refrigeration device
CN103673172A (en) * 2013-11-18 2014-03-26 北京德能恒信科技有限公司 Heat pipe heat-exchange-type semiconductor refrigeration device
CN103557571B (en) * 2013-11-18 2017-02-01 北京丰联奥睿科技有限公司 Inner heat pipe heat-exchange type semiconductor refrigeration device
CN103673172B (en) * 2013-11-18 2018-08-10 北京丰联奥睿科技有限公司 A kind of heat pipe heat-exchange-type semiconductor refrigeration device
CN106288541B (en) * 2015-05-28 2019-10-22 光宇清源(香港)有限公司 Thermosiphon system and the unidirectionally controlled device of fluid
CN106288541A (en) * 2015-05-28 2017-01-04 光宇清源(香港)有限公司 Thermosiphon system and fluid are unidirectionally controlled device
CN105674448A (en) * 2016-03-24 2016-06-15 清华大学 Heat pipe compounded air-conditioning system and control method thereof
CN106989545A (en) * 2017-03-06 2017-07-28 广东美的暖通设备有限公司 Refrigerant cooling device and air conditioner
CN107575972A (en) * 2017-09-06 2018-01-12 苏州黑盾环境股份有限公司 A kind of heat pipe air conditioner all-in-one and its control method with phase-change accumulation energy
CN113048673A (en) * 2021-03-23 2021-06-29 郑素华 Infusion pump type refrigerator and refrigeration method

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Address after: 100041 Beijing, Badachu hi tech park, West Wells Road, building 9415, room 3, No., room 3

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