CN203848433U - Heat pipe and heat pump dual-mode air conditioner with evaporative condenser - Google Patents

Heat pipe and heat pump dual-mode air conditioner with evaporative condenser Download PDF

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Publication number
CN203848433U
CN203848433U CN201420225830.XU CN201420225830U CN203848433U CN 203848433 U CN203848433 U CN 203848433U CN 201420225830 U CN201420225830 U CN 201420225830U CN 203848433 U CN203848433 U CN 203848433U
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China
Prior art keywords
evaporative condenser
heat
water
magnetic valve
heat exchanger
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CN201420225830.XU
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
祝长宇
丁式平
何慧丽
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北京德能恒信科技有限公司
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Priority to CN201420225830.XU priority Critical patent/CN203848433U/en
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Publication of CN203848433U publication Critical patent/CN203848433U/en

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Abstract

The utility model discloses a heat pipe and heat pump dual-mode air conditioner with an evaporative condenser. The heat pipe and heat pump dual-mode air conditioner is mainly composed of the evaporative condenser, an evaporator, a throttling valve, a compressor, a first solenoid valve, a second solenoid valve, an evaporator fan, a first one-way valve, a second one-way valve, an air guide pipe, a liquid guide pipe and a circuit control part. A heat pump mechanical refrigeration system and a heat pipe natural heat exchange system are formed by the components, and share the evaporator, the evaporative condenser and a part of pipeline. The evaporative condenser and the evaporator are both micro-channel heat exchangers. The heat pipe and heat pump dual-mode air conditioner can be used for heat dissipation of a communication base station and a machine room, and is simple in structure and relatively low in product manufacturing cost. A product is high in reliability when used, the refrigeration effect is good, and vigorous application and popularization are facilitated.

Description

A kind of heat pipe hot pump bimodulus air-conditioning with evaporative condenser

Technical field

The utility model belongs to cold and hot energy transporting technical field, relates to a kind of heat pipe hot pump bimodulus air-conditioning with evaporative condenser.

Background technology

Because in electronic computer and data processing machine room, density of equipment is large, caloric value is large, computer system all there are certain requirements the temperature of environment, humidity and dust content etc., therefore, should establish air-conditioning system at present.In order to guarantee corresponding temperature, damp condition, steam compression type special air conditioning for device room has obtained generally application, even cold district in the winter time, the machine room that caloric value is large also needs to adopt steam compression type special air conditioning for device room to obtain generally application, even cold district in the winter time, the machine room that caloric value is large also needs to adopt steam compression type special air conditioning for device room refrigerating operaton to bear heat radiation load.Yet, for the northern area of China, winter and the temperature of transition season in spring and autumn in the most of the time are lower than 20 degree, even in this case, the compressor that existing air-conditioning system must start highly energy-consuming particularly those caloric values is concentrated and is required high workplace to control temperature to environment to cleannes, this still adopt steam compression type special air conditioning for device room system to lower the temperature to carry out cooling scheme be not energy-conservation, thereby cause the unnecessary waste of electric energy, and operation costs are high.

Summary of the invention

The purpose of this utility model is to overcome the shortcoming that prior art exists, for solving the large problem of energy consumption existing in air-conditioning system, and provide a kind of heat pipe hot pump bimodulus air-conditioning with evaporative condenser, can under the suitable condition of outdoor temperature, automatically enable heat pipe energy-saving pattern and regulate indoor temperature, can be safely, reliable, stable, the energy-conservation automatic running refrigerating circulatory system.

The utility model technical solution problem adopts following technical scheme:

A kind of heat pipe hot pump bimodulus air-conditioning with evaporative condenser, it is characterized in that, comprise evaporative condenser, evaporimeter, choke valve, compressor, magnetic valve one, magnetic valve two, evaporator fan, check valve one, check valve two, wireway, catheter and circuit control section; Described evaporative condenser is comprised of heat exchanger, blower fan, spray water system, water pump, water leg, pipeline and ball-cock assembly; Described heat exchanger is full aluminium micro-channel heat exchanger, comprises discharge, collector tube, the middle flat tube between discharge and collector tube, medium inlet and five parts of media outlet; The lateral width of the middle flat tube of described heat exchanger is wider than frontal width, and is all provided with a spray water system between the side of every adjacent two middle flat tubes; Described spray water system is positioned at the bottom of the discharge of heat exchanger; Described spray water system is respectively to flat tube in the middle of described in both sides) side water spray, the water that makes spray along the side of middle flat tube from flat tube overhead stream in the middle of described to bottom; Described blower fan drives extraneous air to enter the water spray wing passage of the middle flat tube of heat exchanger, and so empty G&W while is carried out heat exchange with the cold-producing medium in the middle flat tube of heat exchanger; Described water leg is positioned at the bottom of described heat exchanger; Described water pump is connected between water leg and spray water system, by the water of water leg inside by Pipeline transport to spray water system; In described water leg, be provided with ball-cock assembly; Described ball-cock assembly is controlled the water level in described water leg; The full aluminium micro-channel heat exchanger of described evaporimeter, it is positioned at the bottom of evaporative condenser, and must have a drop between the peak of evaporimeter and the minimum point of evaporative condenser; After described magnetic valve two is in parallel with described choke valve, be connected between evaporimeter medium inlet and the media outlet of evaporative condenser; A magnetic valve one of series connection before the air entry of described compressor, the check valve one of connecting after the exhaust outlet of compressor; After described magnetic valve one, compressor and check valve one series connection, be connected between evaporimeter media outlet and evaporative condenser medium inlet; Described check valve two is connected between evaporimeter media outlet and evaporative condenser medium inlet; Evaporimeter check valve two, evaporative condenser and magnetic valve two are linked in sequence according to above-listed by connecting pipe like this, have formed a heat pipe circulatory system; Described evaporimeter, magnetic valve one, compressor, check valve one, evaporative condenser and choke valve are linked in sequence according to above-listed by connecting pipe, have formed a heat pump circulating system.

Above-described a kind of heat pipe hot pump bimodulus air-conditioning with evaporative condenser, also comprises a fluid reservoir, and described fluid reservoir is connected between the media outlet and described magnetic valve two and choke valve parallel branch of evaporative condenser.

Above-described a kind of heat pipe hot pump bimodulus air-conditioning with evaporative condenser, when heat pipe mode cycle, described magnetic valve two is in full-gear, and described magnetic valve one is in closed condition; When heat pump cycle pattern, described magnetic valve two is in closed condition, and described magnetic valve one is in full-gear.

The above circuit control section is controlled all electronic devices of whole system and is opened and closed, and can, according to the contrast of indoor design temperature and outdoor temperature, heat pump mechanical refrigeration system and heat pipe natural heat-exchange System Replacement be opened.

The utility model compared with prior art, has the following advantages:

(1) design of heat pipe air conditioner bimodulus, one two kinds of cover systems heat exchange pattern, natural cooling source can be made full use of energy-conservation, when indoor required design temperature is lower than outdoor temperature, by heat pump cycle, carry out radiating and cooling, when indoor required design temperature is higher than outdoor temperature, by heat pipe, loop radiating and cooling, under heat pipe energy-saving pattern, the large compressor of highly energy-consuming is without startup like this, only, with the heat pipe energy-saving module and the blower fan that start low power consuming, energy consumption is extremely low; Under refrigeration mode, the advantage due to two kinds of Refrigeration Technique plyability designs, makes refrigeration efficiency than being better than general air-conditioning, and energy-saving effect is remarkable;

(2) high, the EER that improves air-conditioning of heat transfer efficiency, the weight that makes refrigeration system reduce, and material alleviates, uses aluminum to replace the charging amount of expensive copper product, minimizing cold-producing medium;

(3) design of evaporative condenser of the present utility model can provide the degree of supercooling larger than common air cooled condenser, when worst hot case, can make heat pipe range of operation expand, and improves the performance of heat pipe.Evaporative condenser can make separate microchannel thermotube range of operation become large, better effects if.The condensation temperature of evaporative condenser, than low 8~11 degree of air cooled condenser, so just can better be brought into play the effect of separate heat pipe in sweltering heat in summer, guarantees the efficient operation of heat pipe;

(4) Novel evaporative condenser of the present utility model is by the combination of full aluminium micro-channel heat exchanger and spray system, the in the situation that of equal working condition and heat transfer effect, only require 50% front face area of the air cooled condenser that is approximately same size, the working medium charging amount of heat exchanger domestic demand condensation cooling reduces more than 45%, and the overall weight of equipment reduces 30%.

Accompanying drawing explanation

The structural representation of Fig. 1 evaporative condenser of the present utility model.

Fig. 2 is the structural representation with the heat pipe hot pump bimodulus air-conditioning of evaporative condenser.

Fig. 3 removes the structural representation of fluid reservoir for this reason with the heat pipe hot pump bimodulus air-conditioning of evaporative condenser.

In figure: 1 evaporative condenser; 2 heat exchangers; 21 discharges; 22 collector tubes; Flat tube in the middle of 23; 24 medium inlets; 25 media outlets; 3 blower fans; 4 spray water systems; 5 water pumps; 6 water legs; 7 pipelines; 8 ball-cock assemblys; 9 evaporimeters; 91 evaporimeter media outlets; 92 evaporimeter medium inlets; The blower fan of 10 evaporimeters; 11 compressors; 121 magnetic valves one; 122 magnetic valves two; 131 check valves one; 132 check valves two; 14 choke valves; 15 fluid reservoirs.

the specific embodiment

The structural representation of evaporative condenser of the present utility model as shown in Figure 1, evaporative condenser implementation process of the present utility model is as follows: refrigerant vapour from the medium inlet 24 of heat exchanger through the middle flat tube 23 of discharge 21 inflow heat exchangers, and with spray water system 4 in cold water out of spray carry out heat exchange, the condensed cold-producing medium of heat release comes together in the collector tube 22 of heat exchanger, by the media outlet 25 of heat exchanger, discharges.The spray water system 4 that recirculated water in water leg 6 is delivered to heat exchanger discharge 21 bottoms by water pump 5 by pipeline 7 forms spray, cold water out of spray is because gravity and surface tension effects form uniform moisture film in the side surface of the middle flat tube 23 of heat exchanger, moisture film is absorption refrigeration agent steam-condensation liberated heat on the one hand, the air that sucks again heat exchanger from outside with blower fan on the one hand carries out evaporation and heat-exchange, the moisture of evaporation enters atmosphere with air, and the moisture not evaporating falls into water leg 6 and circulates next time.Below in conjunction with accompanying drawing 2 with 3 the utility model will be further described.

embodiment 1

With a heat pipe hot pump bimodulus air-conditioning for evaporative condenser, comprise evaporative condenser 1, evaporimeter 9, choke valve 14, compressor 11, fluid reservoir 15, magnetic valve 1, magnetic valve 2 122, evaporator fan 10, check valve 1, check valve 2 132, wireway, catheter and circuit control section as shown in Figure 2; Described evaporimeter 9, check valve 2 132, evaporative condenser 1, fluid reservoir 15 and magnetic valve 2 122 are linked in sequence according to above-listed by connecting pipe, have formed a heat pipe circulatory system; Described evaporimeter 9, magnetic valve 1, compressor 11, check valve 1, evaporative condenser 1, fluid reservoir 15 and choke valve 14 are linked in sequence according to above-listed by connecting pipe, have formed a heat pump circulating system; These two circulations are carried out exchange work according to environment and demand and have just been formed a kind of heat pipe hot pump bimodulus air-conditioning with evaporative condenser like this.

When using heat pump refrigerating mode of operation, compressor 11 is opened, magnetic valve 2 122 is in closed condition, described magnetic valve 1 is in full-gear, the pressure of taking out due to compressor 11, check valve 2 132 place branch roads almost do not have passing through of refrigeration working medium, liquid condensation agent is absorbed heat and is reduced indoor temperature in evaporimeter 9 like this, liquid condensation agent after heat absorption becomes gaseous state, by compressor 11 gaseous refrigerants, become high-temperature high-pressure state, the refrigerant vapour of high-temperature high-pressure state through check valve 1 from the medium inlet 24 of heat exchanger the middle flat tube 23 through discharge 21 inflow heat exchangers, and with spray water system 4 in cold water out of spray carry out heat exchange, the condensed cold-producing medium of heat release comes together in the collector tube 22 of heat exchanger, by the media outlet 25 of heat exchanger, discharge and enter liquid storage filling 15, gas-liquid refrigeration intermediate medium according to physical property separately in the interior separation of fluid reservoir 15, high-pressure liquid refrigerant enters into evaporimeter 9 by choke valve 14 and circulates next time, so just completed the circulation of whole heat pump refrigerating.

While using heat pipe heat exchanging mode of operation, compressor 11 cuts out, and magnetic valve 2 122 is in full-gear, and magnetic valve 1 is in closed condition.While just starting working, check valve 2 132 and magnetic valve 2 122 open it under the pressure of the collector tube 22 of evaporative condenser and the fluid column of the accumulation of the pipeline between magnetic valve 2 132, after this during heat pipe heat exchanging work pattern, evaporimeter 9 contacts with high temperature heat source, liquid working media is subject to the heating of high temperature heat source and is evaporated to gas in evaporimeter 9, and absorb heat, the gaseous state refrigeration working medium that evaporation forms by check valve 2 132 place branch roads from the medium inlet 24 of heat exchanger the middle flat tube 23 through discharge 21 inflow heat exchangers, and with spray water system 4 in cold water out of spray carry out heat exchange, the condensed cold-producing medium of heat release is because Action of Gravity Field comes together in the collector tube 22 of heat exchanger, media outlet 25 by heat exchanger is discharged, then enter liquid storage and fill with 15, gas-liquid refrigeration intermediate medium according to physical property separately in the interior separation of fluid reservoir 15, liquid refrigeration working medium enters into evaporimeter 9 by magnetic valve 2 122 through evaporimeter medium inlet 92 and circulates next time.

embodiment 2

As shown in Figure 3 with the heat pipe hot pump bimodulus air-conditioning of evaporative condenser, remove the structural representation of fluid reservoir, except having lacked a fluid reservoir, the unlatching of other parts is identical with the circulating working mode of operation and Fig. 2.

Claims (4)

1. the heat pipe hot pump bimodulus air-conditioning with evaporative condenser, it is characterized in that, comprise evaporative condenser (1), evaporimeter (9), choke valve (14), compressor (11), magnetic valve one (121), magnetic valve two (122), evaporator fan (10), check valve one (131), check valve two (132), wireway, catheter and circuit control section; Described evaporative condenser (1) is comprised of heat exchanger (2), blower fan (3), spray water system (4), water pump (5), water leg (6), pipeline (7) and ball-cock assembly (8); Described heat exchanger (2) is full aluminium micro-channel heat exchanger, comprises discharge (21), collector tube (22), is positioned at middle flat tube (23), medium inlet (24) and (25) five parts of media outlet between discharge (21) and collector tube (22); The lateral width of the middle flat tube (23) of described heat exchanger (2) is wider than frontal width, and is all provided with a spray water system (4) between the side of every adjacent two middle flat tubes (23); Described spray water system (4) is positioned at the bottom of the discharge (21) of heat exchanger (2); Described spray water system (4) is respectively to the side water spray of flat tube (23) in the middle of described in both sides, the water that makes spray along the side of middle flat tube (23) from flat tube (23) overhead stream in the middle of described to bottom; Described blower fan (3) drives extraneous air to enter the water spray wing passage of the middle flat tube of heat exchanger, and so empty G&W while is carried out heat exchange with the cold-producing medium in the middle flat tube of heat exchanger; Described water leg (6) is positioned at the bottom of described heat exchanger (2); Described water pump (5) is connected between water leg (6) and spray water system (4), and the water that water leg (6) is inner flows to spray water system (4) by pipeline (7); In described water leg (6), be provided with ball-cock assembly (8); Described ball-cock assembly (8) is controlled the water level in described water leg (6); Described evaporimeter (2) is full aluminium micro-channel heat exchanger, and it is positioned at the bottom of evaporative condenser (1), and must have a drop between the peak of evaporimeter (2) and the minimum point of evaporative condenser (1); After described magnetic valve two (122) is in parallel with described choke valve (14), be connected between the media outlet (25) of evaporimeter medium inlet (92) and evaporative condenser; A magnetic valve one (121) of series connection before the air entry of described compressor (11), the check valve one (131) of connecting after the exhaust outlet of compressor (11); After described magnetic valve one (121), compressor (11) and check valve one (131) series connection, be connected between evaporimeter media outlet (91) and evaporative condenser medium inlet (24); Described check valve two (132) is connected between evaporimeter media outlet (91) and evaporative condenser medium inlet (24); Evaporimeter (9), check valve two (132), evaporative condenser (1) and magnetic valve two (122) are linked in sequence according to above-listed by connecting pipe like this, have formed a heat pipe circulatory system; Described evaporimeter (9), magnetic valve one (121), compressor (11), check valve one (131), evaporative condenser (1) and choke valve (14) are linked in sequence according to above-listed by connecting pipe, have formed a heat pump circulating system.
2. a kind of heat pipe hot pump bimodulus air-conditioning with evaporative condenser according to claim 1, it is characterized in that, also comprise a fluid reservoir (15), described fluid reservoir (15) is connected between the media outlet (25) and described magnetic valve two (122) and choke valve (14) parallel branch of evaporative condenser.
3. a kind of heat pipe hot pump bimodulus air-conditioning with evaporative condenser according to claim 1 and 2, is characterized in that, when heat pipe mode cycle, described magnetic valve two (122) is in full-gear, and described magnetic valve one (121) is in closed condition; When heat pump cycle pattern, described magnetic valve two (122) is in closed condition, and described magnetic valve one (121) is in full-gear.
4. a kind of heat pipe hot pump bimodulus air-conditioning with evaporative condenser according to claim 1, it is characterized in that, described circuit control section is controlled all electronic devices of whole system and is opened and closed, and can, according to the contrast of indoor design temperature and outdoor temperature, heat pump mechanical refrigeration system and heat pipe natural heat-exchange System Replacement be opened.
CN201420225830.XU 2014-05-06 2014-05-06 Heat pipe and heat pump dual-mode air conditioner with evaporative condenser CN203848433U (en)

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Cited By (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103940018A (en) * 2014-05-06 2014-07-23 北京德能恒信科技有限公司 Heat pipe air conditioner all-in-one machine with evaporative condenser
CN104266411A (en) * 2014-10-16 2015-01-07 中国扬子集团滁州扬子空调器有限公司 Combined air cooling heat exchange assembly for composite refrigeration system
CN104296296A (en) * 2014-10-27 2015-01-21 北京德能恒信科技有限公司 Single-cold type central air conditioner energy saving system
CN104456762A (en) * 2014-11-12 2015-03-25 苏宇贵 Air cooling-water cooling spray type air conditioning system and outdoor unit thereof
CN106152581A (en) * 2016-07-11 2016-11-23 南京师范大学 A kind of microchannel refrigerating circuit
CN109489160A (en) * 2018-11-14 2019-03-19 西安工程大学 A kind of water evaporation for cooling system
CN109654630A (en) * 2018-11-30 2019-04-19 东南大学 Energy-saving machine room air-conditioner set

Cited By (8)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103940018A (en) * 2014-05-06 2014-07-23 北京德能恒信科技有限公司 Heat pipe air conditioner all-in-one machine with evaporative condenser
CN104266411A (en) * 2014-10-16 2015-01-07 中国扬子集团滁州扬子空调器有限公司 Combined air cooling heat exchange assembly for composite refrigeration system
CN104296296A (en) * 2014-10-27 2015-01-21 北京德能恒信科技有限公司 Single-cold type central air conditioner energy saving system
CN104456762A (en) * 2014-11-12 2015-03-25 苏宇贵 Air cooling-water cooling spray type air conditioning system and outdoor unit thereof
CN104456762B (en) * 2014-11-12 2017-07-18 苏宇贵 Air-cooled water-cooled showering spray type air-conditioning system and its outer machine
CN106152581A (en) * 2016-07-11 2016-11-23 南京师范大学 A kind of microchannel refrigerating circuit
CN109489160A (en) * 2018-11-14 2019-03-19 西安工程大学 A kind of water evaporation for cooling system
CN109654630A (en) * 2018-11-30 2019-04-19 东南大学 Energy-saving machine room air-conditioner set

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Address after: 100020 Chaoyang District City, Chaoyang Street, No. 15, floor 1518, unit 18,

Patentee after: Beijing Science and Technology Co., Ltd. Germany To Hanson

Address before: 100094 Beijing, Badachu hi tech park, West Wells Road, building 9415, room 3, No., room 3

Patentee before: Beijing Science and Technology Co., Ltd. Germany to Hanson