CN203413886U - Heat pipe auxiliary power energy-saving air conditioner - Google Patents

Heat pipe auxiliary power energy-saving air conditioner Download PDF

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Publication number
CN203413886U
CN203413886U CN201320424549.4U CN201320424549U CN203413886U CN 203413886 U CN203413886 U CN 203413886U CN 201320424549 U CN201320424549 U CN 201320424549U CN 203413886 U CN203413886 U CN 203413886U
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liquid
condenser
heat
evaporimeter
gas
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CN201320424549.4U
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Chinese (zh)
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王冬红
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China Telecom Corp Ltd Jiangsu Branch
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China Telecom Corp Ltd Jiangsu Branch
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Abstract

The utility model discloses a heat pipe auxiliary power energy-saving air conditioner. The heat pipe auxiliary power energy-saving air conditioner comprises an evaporator (1), a condenser (2), a condensate fan (3), a liquid trap (4), a liquid working medium connecting pipe (6), an evaporator fan (7), evaporator heat transfer enhancement fins (8), a gas-liquid separator (12), a gas delivery pipeline (13), heat conducting fins (14) and a circuit control system, and also comprises a rotary-jet pump (5), a liquid return solenoid valve (9) and a liquid level controller (11). The rotary-jet pump (5) serves as an auxiliary power device, and a balanced relation between the condenser (2) and the evaporator (1) is controlled by using a combined structure of the gas-liquid separator (12) and the liquid level controller (11), so that the heat transfer efficiency is improved. The refrigerating efficiency is improved by over 25 percent, and an energy efficiency ratio is improved from 20 percent to be over 45 percent.

Description

Heat pipe auxiliary power energy-saving type air conditioner
Technical field
The utility model relates to a kind of based on evaporation---the radiator of condensation principle, belong to air conditioner technology field, and concrete is a kind of heat pipe auxiliary power energy-saving type air conditioner.
Background technology
Communication switchboard machine room, data processing machine room be because equipment heating amount is large, all needs throughout the year air conditioner refrigerating operation, causes that operating cost is high, energy consumption is large.In the situation that guaranteeing machine room cleanliness factor, utilize outdoor low temperature environment to reduce the indoor temperature of communications equipment room, there is sizable energy saving space.China's most area is subtropical climate, even Nan An Nanjing, the Changjiang river daily mean temperature has 83 days lower than 5 ℃, daily mean temperature has 115 days lower than 8 ℃.If can make full use of outdoor natural cooling source, not using energy source and power just indoor heat to be transferred to outdoor is optimal heat dissipating method.
At present, the cooling system that communications industry exchange, transmission, data center module and communication base station adopt is special air conditioning for device room machine, and its technology is steam compression type refrigeration, heat absorption while mainly utilizing liquid refrigerant vaporization, the principle of heat release refrigeration during steam condensation.Start compressor and suck the low-temperature low-pressure refrigerant gas after sweat cooling, be then compressed into high temperature and high pressure gas and send condenser; High temperature and high pressure gas makes condensation of gas become normal temperature high voltage liquid after condenser is cooling; When normal temperature high voltage liquid flows into heating power expansion valve, through throttling, become the moist steam of low-temp low-pressure, flow into evaporimeter, from object heat absorption around, through ducting system, indoor air temperature in air conditioned building is cooled down, cold-producing medium after evaporation is got back in compressor, repeats again next kind of refrigeration cycle, thereby realizes refrigeration object.Special air conditioning for device room average power consumption kilowatt more than, power consumption is very large, safeguards complicatedly, consumptive material expense is high, uses more cold-producing medium (as freon) to damage the ozone layer in system, and the noise that compressor produces during system operation is very large.
Heat pipe has heat transmission function.It takes full advantage of the efficient heat transfer device that the heat absorption of the internal working medium latent heat of vaporization, condensation latent heat heat release and the vapour-liquid density contrast of self are realized Natural Circulation.Its Rapid Thermal hereditary property, can see through heat pipe by the heat of object in pyrotoxin and be delivered to outside thermal source rapidly.During due to Heat Pipes Natural Circulation, have Energy Efficiency Ratio extremely efficiently, therefore, in decades, constantly someone attempts realizing the technology application of Natural Circulation in air-conditioning system.Heat pipe air conditioner is actually and has utilized the evaporimeter of air-conditioning system and cold junction and the hot junction that condenser processing forms heat pipe Natural Circulation, and evaporimeter and condenser are formed to loop by liquid pipe and tracheae respectively, and evaporimeter and condenser are opposition phase transformation relations.When system is out of service, evaporimeter and condenser under static state easily produce second-order phase transition and have a strong impact on normal runtime system circulation; Liquid pipe and tracheae produce heat pipe effect, and when system is moved again, heat pipe effect makes the gas producing in liquid pipe form vapour lock, and the liquid producing in tracheae forms liquid resistance, decrease in efficiency during systemic circulation.
The Chinese utility model patent that the patent No. is " 201020661060.5 " discloses a kind of equipment room, machine room heat transmission is forced cooling separation type heat pipe heat exchanger.This heat exchanger, without auxiliary power unit, cannot solve heat exchanger unit second-order phase transition problem, and the stability of heat transfer efficiency and unit operation is general.
summary of the invention
The purpose of this utility model is and unit operation unsettled problem low for existing radiator heat-dissipation efficiency, and a kind of energy-saving type air conditioner with heat pipe auxiliary power is provided.
The technical solution of the utility model is:
An auxiliary power energy-saving type air conditioner, comprises evaporimeter, condenser, condensation fan, liquid trap, liquid working substance connecting tube, evaporation fan, evaporimeter enhanced heat transfer fin, liquid back pipe road, heat conduction fin, gas transfer pipeline and circuit control system.Described evaporimeter and condenser form loop by liquid working substance connecting tube and gas transfer pipeline; Described liquid trap is arranged on condenser and is communicated with liquid working substance connecting tube; The end at the whole story on described liquid back pipe road is communicated with air shooter and liquid working substance connecting tube respectively; The setting corresponding to evaporimeter of described evaporation fan, condensation fan setting corresponding to condenser; Described evaporimeter enhanced heat transfer fin is arranged on the heat exchanger tube of evaporimeter, and heat conduction fin is installed on the condenser pipe of condenser.This heat pipe auxiliary power energy-saving type air conditioner also comprises rotary-jet pump, gas-liquid separator and fluid level controller, and described rotary-jet pump is arranged in liquid working substance connecting tube.Described gas-liquid separator is arranged on the junction of liquid back pipe road and gas transfer pipeline; Described fluid level controller is arranged on gas-liquid separator.
More excellent, rotary-jet pump of the present utility model is arranged near in the liquid working substance connecting tube of liquid trap end.
Liquid back pipe of the present utility model road is provided with back liquid electromagnetic valve.
The beneficial effects of the utility model:
(1) the utility model adopts rotary-jet pump as auxiliary power unit, thereby by the equilibrium relation that gas-liquid separator and fluid level controller combining structure are controlled between condenser and evaporimeter, improves heat transfer efficiency simultaneously.The utility model promotes refrigerating efficiency more than 25%, and Energy Efficiency Ratio is brought up to more than 45% by 20%;
(2) the utility model has been installed gas-liquid separator and fluid level controller combining structure, and solves by the mode of closing after rotary-jet pump prerun the second-order phase transition problem that condenser and evaporimeter under static state produce, and guarantees the normal operation of system;
(3) rotary-jet pump of the present utility model can overcome the impact of gravity on energy-saving type air conditioner, guarantees the flexible of the utility model mounting means.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is structural representation of the present utility model.
In figure, each label sign is as follows:
1-evaporimeter, 2-condenser, 3-condensation fan, 4-liquid trap, 5-rotary-jet pump, the connecting tube of 6-liquid working substance, 7-evaporation fan, 8-evaporimeter enhanced heat transfer fin, 9-time liquid electromagnetic valve, 10-liquid back pipe road, 11-fluid level controller, 12-gas-liquid separator, 13-gas transfer pipeline, 14-heat conduction fin.
The specific embodiment
Below in conjunction with drawings and Examples, the utility model is further described.
As shown in Figure 1, the evaporimeter 1 of the utility model employing augmentation of heat transfer type and condenser 2 are as heat transfer element, the fluid that can carry out at normal temperatures phase-change heat transfer is medium, utilizes the temperature difference between evaporimeter 1 and condenser 2 to drive internal work medium carry out phase transformation and circulate.Evaporimeter 1 is indoor set, and condenser 2 is off-premises station, and heat delivery to the condenser 2 that evaporimeter 1 is absorbed distributes, and realizes the exchange heat between machine room hot environment and outdoor low temperature environment.
The utility model specifically comprises evaporimeter 1, evaporimeter enhanced heat transfer fin 8, evaporation fan 7, condenser 2, heat conduction fin 14, condensation fan 3, liquid trap 4, rotary-jet pump 5, gas-liquid separator 12, fluid level controller 11, returns liquid electromagnetic valve 9, gas transfer pipeline 13 and liquid working substance connecting tube 6 etc.Between evaporimeter 1 and condenser 2, with gas transfer pipeline 13 and liquid working substance connecting tube 6, connect respectively.Wherein evaporimeter 1 is heat absorbing element, evaporator tube adopts augmentation of heat transfer structure outward, at heat exchanger tube, evaporimeter enhanced heat transfer fin 8 is installed outward, and configuration evaporation fan 7, evaporation fan 7 adopts centrifugal fan, evaporation fan 7 and evaporimeter 1 are assembled in the indoor set that forms radiator in a housing, and evaporimeter absorbs hot blast heat in machine room and makes hot blast cooling; Condenser 2 is heat dissipation element, working media in evaporimeter 1 is gasificated as steam and flow to condenser 2 from gas transfer pipeline 13 because of heat absorption, the pipe of condenser 2 is vertically arranged, the outer heat conduction fin 14 that is provided with of pipe, working media emit heat in condenser 2 after, be condensed into liquid and at Action of Gravity Field downstream to liquid trap 4, through rotary-jet pump 5, being delivered to evaporimeter 1 again evaporates again, so circulation, just the heat of machine room can be passed to outdoor cold wind continuously, thereby reduce the air themperature in machine room.
Systemic circulation:
Evaporimeter 1 adopts coiled, overcoat evaporimeter enhanced heat transfer fin 8, and working media reduces room temperature in the interior absorption heat vaporization of evaporimeter 1.When in systemic circulation, a small amount of liquid does not evaporate, liquid will carry out separation in gas-liquid separator 12, and gas is transported to condenser 2 along gas transfer pipeline 13 and carries out condensation.In gas-liquid separator 12, be provided with fluid level controller 11, when liquid level reaches setting height, fluid level controller 11 is opened back liquid electromagnetic valve 9 and rotary-jet pump 5 automatically, the liquid in gas-liquid separator 12 and liquid trap 4 is sent into evaporimeter 1 and evaporate.
Condenser 2 is by one group or organize vertically arranged condenser pipe more and form, for augmentation of heat transfer can additional heat conduction fin 14, working media imports liquid trap 4 after being condensed into liquid under Action of Gravity Field along tube wall, thereby and along liquid working substance connecting tube 6, flow to evaporimeter 1 and form and move in circles, continuous operation.
Time delay is controlled:
When the utility model starts operation at every turn, the automatic opens solenoid valve 9 of circuit control system and liquid rotary-jet pump 5, first start rotary-jet pump 5, make the gas of the 10 li of generations in liquid back pipe road enter condenser 2 under rotary-jet pump 5 pressure-actings, make the liquid of 13 li of generations of gas transfer pipeline through condenser 2, liquid trap 4 and liquid working substance connecting tube 6, enter evaporimeter 1 successively under rotary-jet pump 5 pressure-actings.Until rotary-jet pump, after 5 30 second time of operation, automatically close rotary-jet pump 5 and return liquid electromagnetic valve 9.
The utility model does not relate to partly all prior aries that maybe can adopt same as the prior art to be realized.

Claims (3)

1. a heat pipe auxiliary power energy-saving type air conditioner, it comprises evaporimeter (1), condenser (2), condensation fan (3), liquid trap (4), liquid working substance connecting tube (6), evaporation fan (7), evaporimeter enhanced heat transfer fin (8), liquid back pipe road (10), gas transfer pipeline (13), heat conduction fin (14) and circuit control system
Described evaporimeter (1) and condenser (2) form loop by liquid working substance connecting tube (6) and gas transfer pipeline (13);
Described liquid trap (4) is arranged on condenser (2) bottom and is communicated with liquid working substance connecting tube (6);
End at the whole story same air shooter (13) and liquid working substance connecting tube (6) connection respectively on described liquid back pipe road (10);
Described evaporation fan (7) and the corresponding setting of evaporimeter (1), condensation fan (3) and the corresponding setting of condenser (2);
Described evaporimeter enhanced heat transfer fin (8) is arranged on the heat exchanger tube of evaporimeter (1), and heat conduction fin (14) is installed on the condenser pipe of condenser (2);
It is characterized in that this heat pipe auxiliary power energy-saving type air conditioner also comprises rotary-jet pump (5), gas-liquid separator (12) and fluid level controller (11),
Described rotary-jet pump (5) is arranged in liquid working substance connecting tube (6);
Described gas-liquid separator (12) is arranged on the junction of liquid back pipe road (10) and gas transfer pipeline (13);
Described fluid level controller (11) is arranged on gas-liquid separator (12).
2. a kind of heat pipe auxiliary power energy-saving type air conditioner according to claim 1, is characterized in that described rotary-jet pump (5) is arranged in the liquid working substance connecting tube (6) near liquid trap (4) end.
3. a kind of heat pipe auxiliary power energy-saving type air conditioner according to claim 1, is characterized in that described liquid back pipe road (10) is provided with back liquid electromagnetic valve (9).
CN201320424549.4U 2013-07-17 2013-07-17 Heat pipe auxiliary power energy-saving air conditioner Active CN203413886U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201320424549.4U CN203413886U (en) 2013-07-17 2013-07-17 Heat pipe auxiliary power energy-saving air conditioner

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201320424549.4U CN203413886U (en) 2013-07-17 2013-07-17 Heat pipe auxiliary power energy-saving air conditioner

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN203413886U true CN203413886U (en) 2014-01-29

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Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN111769381A (en) * 2020-07-14 2020-10-13 孙亚林 Multilayer rod type grounding system of lightning arrester
CN114459266A (en) * 2022-04-14 2022-05-10 北京中矿赛力贝特节能科技有限公司 Gas-liquid two-phase power type separated heat pipe device

Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN111769381A (en) * 2020-07-14 2020-10-13 孙亚林 Multilayer rod type grounding system of lightning arrester
CN111769381B (en) * 2020-07-14 2021-11-09 广西电网有限责任公司钦州供电局 Multilayer rod type grounding system of lightning arrester
CN114459266A (en) * 2022-04-14 2022-05-10 北京中矿赛力贝特节能科技有限公司 Gas-liquid two-phase power type separated heat pipe device

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