CN103283367B - Compost tea water-fertilizer integrated irrigation device for balcony gardening - Google Patents

Compost tea water-fertilizer integrated irrigation device for balcony gardening Download PDF

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Publication number
CN103283367B
CN103283367B CN201310064516.8A CN201310064516A CN103283367B CN 103283367 B CN103283367 B CN 103283367B CN 201310064516 A CN201310064516 A CN 201310064516A CN 103283367 B CN103283367 B CN 103283367B
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water
time
controlled switch
irrigation
fertilizer
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Expired - Fee Related
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CN201310064516.8A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN103283367A (en
Inventor
张雪艳
曹云娥
田蕾
田永强
马丽娟
李堃
王凤
张静
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Ningxia University
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Ningxia University
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Abstract

The invention discloses a compost tea water-fertilizer integrated irrigation device for balcony gardening. The integrated irrigation device comprises: an irrigation bucket, a liquid filter screen, a compound chemical element package, a compost tea bag, a water inlet electromagnetic valve, a water level gauge, an upper water level probe, a lower water level probe, an oxygen supply machine, a first time control switch, a self-priming water pump, a backwater electromagnetic valve, a liquid fertilizer electromagnetic valve, a second time control switch, a third time control switch, and a balcony garden. The automatic water replenishing, oxygen adding, water return and irrigation device provided in the invention can realize automated water-fertilizer integrated management, and reaches the purposes of time-saving and labor-saving cultivation. With a simple structure, the device can realize secondary aerobic fermentation of the compost tea through the oxygen supply machine during product operation, and can blend a uniform water extract by a backwater instrument. In addition, the device provided in the invention is simple in structure, well solves the problem of realizing low carbon, environmental protection and automatic irrigation in use of compost tea in balcony gardening, is convenient to operate, and has good use value.

Description

A kind of balcony gardening compost tea water-fertilizer integrated irrigation
Technical field
The invention belongs to flowers and plants cultivation and horticultural field, particularly relate to a kind of balcony gardening compost tea water-fertilizer integrated irrigation.
Background technology
Compost tea is exactly the compost fully soaking with water and ventilate, reprocess on the basis of compost, can foliage spray or drench at soil table according to the concrete condition of crop, foliage spray compost tea can make crops absorb more nutrition, accelerates crop to the decomposition of harmful toxins; The agricultural product using compost tea add nutritive value, to the better local flavor of consumer and mouthfeel, and need composite macroelement fertilizer can meet the large fruit vegetables plant growth of fertilizer requirement well according to plant growth, reduce the input of agriculture chemical, realize crop green and produce; The soilless culture of compost tea be a kind of completely organically and be type hydroponics new technology capable of circulation to zero environmental discharge, the vegetable nutrient composition adopting it to plant and taste and chemotrophy liquid phase with, and what is more important, the biology conversion that it can utilize waste resource to carry out turning waste into wealth, it is a kind of ecological organic agricultural Model capable of circulation, and cost is also reduced greatly, the efficient Alternative Agriculture that the Organic certification of product also the most easily realizes, also can realize the automation of management and cultivation; The compost fermented, can carry out concocting and applying through distinct methods, carry out secondary fermentation by tank, bucket, groove, and for promoting beneficial microorganism amount reproduction in compost tea, all to adopt aerobic fermentation to be excellent; Tank is utilized to ferment, mostly current compost fermentation tank is horizontal, this fermentation tank is made up of the cylindrical shell that ferments, bracing or strutting arrangement, catch wheel device, transmission device, in-out apparatus, exhaust temperature and humidity control device, this apparatus structure is simple, cost is relatively high, suitable farmland compost or the application of compost tea, be then not suitable for for family.
Needing the Plastic Drum of 1 about 19L, 1 ventilation annex, 1 rod for stirring when utilizing bucket to ferment, adding some honey without sulphur, filter the backup barrel of the filter screen of compost tea and dress compost tea and slag.If with running water, need 1h dechlorination of ventilating in bucket, if can directly carry out the making of compost tea with well water, this device also could not realize automation moisturizing, ventilation, irrigation, does not reach Labor-saving, is further improved in household balcony application.
Composting fermentating groove, comprise bottom land floor, side wall, many breather lines (be evenly arranged air blast apparatus of oxygen supply when being embedded in that fermentation tank floor concrete is inside and outside to be set, form a static aerating system, this system sterilization and deodorization is complete, humification and innoxious degree high, but cost is relatively high, be not suitable for the application of household balcony horticultural crop equally.
The vegetables that more external city dwellers eat at present have about 5 one-tenth to be from planting from eating by " oneself balcony-garden ", balcony-garden is in Taiwan, Hong Kong, Singapore, Japan and other countries and area are very general, and be applicable to hotel, leisure club, office building, beautifying of some high-grade site surroundings such as office, follow external development closely, domestic balcony gardening-balcony vegetables develop rapidly, resident is regarding it outside important material for beautifying household environment, also its relieved vegetables of innoxious safety produced are laid out dining table, therefore in the face of can environmental pollution be reduced, realize the compost tea development of wasted resources rapidly, on it can be used as fertilizer application to balcony horticultural crop, advocating of low-carbon environment-friendly agricultural, it is the direction of agricultural development, therefore the automatic water-fertilizer integrated compost tea bucket that the suitable balcony horticultural crop of exploitation produces will be very meaningful.
Summary of the invention
The object of the invention is to utilize a kind of balcony gardening compost tea water-fertilizer integrated irrigation, be intended to solve balcony gardening and use compost tea, realize the problem of low-carbon environment-friendly and automatic irrigation.
The object of the present invention is to provide a kind of balcony gardening compost tea water-fertilizer integrated irrigation, described balcony gardening compost tea water-fertilizer integrated irrigation comprises: irrigate bucket, liquid filtering net, compound chemical element bag, compost tea bag, entering water electromagnetic valve, limnimeter, upper water-level probe, lower water-level probe, aerator, the first time-controlled switch, self-priming water pump, backwater magnetic valve, fertilizer liquid electromagnetic valve, the second time-controlled switch, the 3rd time-controlled switch, balcony gardening, described liquid filtering net is arranged in described irrigation bucket, described irrigation bucket inwall arranges described upper water-level probe and lower water-level probe up and down respectively, described limnimeter connects described upper water-level probe and lower water-level probe, described liquid filtering places described compound chemical element bag and compost tea bag on the net, the inlet channel that described entering water electromagnetic valve is arranged on the left of described irrigation bucket upper end is inner, described first time-controlled switch connects aerator, described aerator connects the oxygen supply pipeline in the middle of described irrigation bung, the water return pipeline that described backwater magnetic valve is arranged on the right side of described irrigation bucket upper end is inner, described fertilizer liquid electromagnetic valve is arranged on the confession solution pipe interior on the right side of described irrigation bottom of the barrel, described second time-controlled switch connects described self-priming water pump and fertilizer liquid electromagnetic valve, described 3rd time-controlled switch connects backwater magnetic valve and fertilizer leaf magnetic valve.
Further, the live wire of one end of described limnimeter connects upper water-level probe, water-level probe under zero line connects, other end connection entering water electromagnetic valve.
Further, the first time-controlled switch of described balcony gardening compost tea water-fertilizer integrated irrigation is communicated with aerator.
Further, described balcony gardening compost tea water-fertilizer integrated irrigation adopts self-priming water pump, fertilizer magnetic valve, backwater magnetic valve, the second time-controlled switch, the 3rd time-controlled switch connection.
Further, described balcony gardening compost tea water-fertilizer integrated irrigation adopts the first time-controlled switch, the second time-controlled switch, limnimeter and the 3rd time-controlled switch to control aerator, backwater magnetic valve, fertilizer liquid electromagnetic valve, entering water electromagnetic valve and self-priming water pump and realizes moisturizing, oxygenation, backwater and irrigation circulation.
Balcony gardening compost tea water-fertilizer integrated irrigation provided by the invention, can realize the secondary aerobic fermentation of compost tea, increases beneficial microbe in leaching liquor, and realizes the homogeneous of leaching liquor and high dissolved oxygen amount by water recovery apparatus; Utilize this device automatic water supplement, oxygenation, backwater, irrigation rig can realize compost tea automatic water-fertilizer integrated management, reach save time, Labor-saving cultivation object; Structure is simple, and when product operation, realize compost tea secondary aerobic fermentation by aerator, by the homogeneous leaching liquor of water recovery apparatus mixture, this installation cost is low, easy to use, and processing ease has promotional value; This balcony gardening automatic composting tea leaching liquor liquid manure one is utilized to irrigate the input that bucket effectively can reduce chemical agricultural supplie, promote healthy growth of crops, to promotion food security, ensure health, to realize zero environmental in agricultural production significant, in addition, structure of the present invention is simple, preferably resolves balcony gardening and uses compost tea, realize the problem of low-carbon environment-friendly and automatic irrigation, easy to operate, there is good use value.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is the structural representation of the balcony gardening compost tea water-fertilizer integrated irrigation that the embodiment of the present invention provides;
Fig. 2 be the embodiment of the present invention provide irrigation bucket, liquid filtering net, compound chemical element bag, compost tea bag structural representation.
In figure: 1, irrigate bucket; 2, liquid filtering net; 3, compound chemical element bag; 4, compost tea bag; 5, entering water electromagnetic valve; 6, limnimeter; 7, upper water-level probe; 8, lower water-level probe; 9, aerator; 91, the first time-controlled switch; 10, self-priming water pump; 11, backwater magnetic valve; 12, fertilizer liquid electromagnetic valve; 13, the second time-controlled switch; 14, the 3rd time-controlled switch; 15, balcony gardening.
Embodiment
In order to make object of the present invention, technical scheme and advantage clearly understand, below in conjunction with drawings and Examples, the present invention is further elaborated.Should be appreciated that specific embodiment described herein only in order to explain the present invention, be not intended to limit the present invention.
Embodiments provide a kind of balcony gardening compost tea water-fertilizer integrated irrigation, this balcony gardening compost tea water-fertilizer integrated irrigation comprises: irrigate bucket, liquid filtering net, compound chemical element bag, compost tea bag, entering water electromagnetic valve, limnimeter, upper water-level probe, lower water-level probe, aerator, the first time-controlled switch, self-priming water pump, backwater magnetic valve, fertilizer liquid electromagnetic valve, the second time-controlled switch, the 3rd time-controlled switch, balcony gardening, irrigate in bucket and arrange liquid filtering net, irrigate bucket inwall up and down respectively cloth be set up water-level probe and lower water-level probe, limnimeter connects upper water-level probe and lower water-level probe, liquid filtering places compound chemical element bag and compost tea bag on the net, it is inner that entering water electromagnetic valve is arranged on the inlet channel of irrigating on the left of bucket upper end, first time-controlled switch connects aerator, aerator connects the oxygen supply pipeline of irrigating in the middle of bung, it is inner that backwater magnetic valve is arranged on the water return pipeline of irrigating on the right side of bucket upper end, fertilizer liquid electromagnetic valve is arranged on the confession solution pipe interior of irrigating on the right side of bottom of the barrel, second time-controlled switch connects self-priming water pump and fertilizer liquid electromagnetic valve, 3rd time-controlled switch connects backwater magnetic valve and supplies solution.
As a prioritization scheme of the embodiment of the present invention, the live wire of one end of limnimeter connects upper water-level probe, and zero line connects lower water-level probe, and the other end connects entering water electromagnetic valve.
As a prioritization scheme of the embodiment of the present invention, the first time-controlled switch is connected with aerator
As a prioritization scheme of the embodiment of the present invention, the balcony gardening self-priming water pump of compost tea water-fertilizer integrated irrigation, the second time-controlled switch, fertilizer liquid electromagnetic valve, the 3rd time-controlled switch, backwater magnetic valve connect, and realize automatic water-returning and irrigate circulation.
As a prioritization scheme of the embodiment of the present invention, balcony gardening compost tea water-fertilizer integrated irrigation adopts the first time-controlled switch, the second time-controlled switch, limnimeter and the 3rd time-controlled switch to control aerator, backwater magnetic valve, fertilizer liquid electromagnetic valve, entering water electromagnetic valve and self-priming water pump and realizes moisturizing, oxygenation, backwater and irrigation circulation.
Referring to accompanying drawing 1, embodiment of the present invention balcony gardening compost tea water-fertilizer integrated irrigation is described in further detail.
As shown in Figure 1, the balcony gardening compost tea water-fertilizer integrated irrigation of the embodiment of the present invention is primarily of irrigation bucket 1, liquid filtering net 2, compound chemical element bag 3, compost tea bag 4, entering water electromagnetic valve 5, limnimeter 6, upper water-level probe 7, lower water-level probe 8, aerator 9, first time-controlled switch 91, self-priming water pump 10, backwater magnetic valve 11, fertilizer liquid electromagnetic valve 12, second time-controlled switch 13, the 3rd time-controlled switch 14, balcony gardening 15, composition; Irrigate in bucket 1 and arrange liquid filtering net 2, bucket 1 inwall up and down respectively cloth be set up water-level probe 7 and lower water-level probe 8; Liquid filtering net 2 is placed compound chemical element bag 3 and compost tea bag 4; Irrigate bucket 1 mouthful of place and arrange inlet channel, water return pipeline and oxygen supply pipeline, irrigate bottom bucket 1 with for solution pipeline and connect, water return pipeline is interconnected with for solution pipeline; Be installed into water solenoid valve 5 in inlet channel, oxygen supply pipeline is connected with aerator 9, installs back water solenoid valve 11 in water return pipeline, installs fertilizer liquid electromagnetic valve 12 in solution pipeline; The course of work of the present invention is as follows: compost tea puts into compost tea bag 4, is then placed on liquid filtering net 2 by intact compost tea bag 4 and compound chemical element bag 3; Control entering water electromagnetic valve 5, realize water supply automation, when water level is lower than lower water-level probe 8, entering water electromagnetic valve 5 opens water supply, and when water level is higher than upper water-level probe 7, entering water electromagnetic valve 5 is closed, stop supplying water, limnimeter 6 connects upper water-level probe 7 and lower water-level probe 8; When water level arrives upper waterline, the first time-controlled switch 91 controls aerator 9, and artificially can set keeping machine 9 switch time, setting interval 30min runs 2-3h, runs 2-3d, reaches oxygen supply automation; Second time-controlled switch 13 controls fertilizer liquid electromagnetic valve 12 and self-priming water pump 10, can be set as first starting self-priming water pump 10, close fertilizer liquid electromagnetic valve 12, open backwater magnetic valve after 1120 minutes, after solution is even, closes backwater magnetic valve 11, open fertilizer liquid electromagnetic valve 12, for balcony gardening 15 fertilizer, the automatically setting time period closes; When water level is reduced to lower water level, replacing compost tea bag 4 and compound chemical element bag 3 carry out new round moisturizing, oxygenation, backwater, irrigation circulation.
The foregoing is only preferred embodiment of the present invention, not in order to limit the present invention, all any amendments done within the spirit and principles in the present invention, equivalent replacement and improvement etc., all should be included within protection scope of the present invention.

Claims (5)

1. a balcony gardening compost tea water-fertilizer integrated irrigation, it is characterized in that, described balcony gardening compost tea water-fertilizer integrated irrigation comprises: irrigate bucket, liquid filtering net, compound chemical element bag, compost tea bag, entering water electromagnetic valve, limnimeter, upper water-level probe, lower water-level probe, aerator, the first time-controlled switch, self-priming water pump, backwater magnetic valve, fertilizer liquid electromagnetic valve, the second time-controlled switch, the 3rd time-controlled switch, balcony gardening;
Described liquid filtering net is arranged in described irrigation bucket, described irrigation bucket inwall arranges described upper water-level probe and lower water-level probe up and down respectively, described limnimeter connects described upper water-level probe and lower water-level probe, described liquid filtering places described compound chemical element bag and compost tea bag on the net, the inlet channel that described entering water electromagnetic valve is arranged on the left of described irrigation bucket upper end is inner, described first time-controlled switch connects aerator, described aerator connects the oxygen supply pipeline in the middle of described irrigation bung, the water return pipeline that described backwater magnetic valve is arranged on the right side of described irrigation bucket upper end is inner, described fertilizer liquid electromagnetic valve is arranged on the confession solution pipe interior on the right side of described irrigation bottom of the barrel, described second time-controlled switch connects described self-priming water pump and fertilizer liquid electromagnetic valve, described 3rd time-controlled switch connects described backwater magnetic valve and fertilizer magnetic valve.
2. balcony gardening compost tea water-fertilizer integrated irrigation as claimed in claim 1, is characterized in that, the live wire of one end of described limnimeter connects upper water-level probe, and zero line connects lower water-level probe, and the other end connects entering water electromagnetic valve and realizes automatic water supplement.
3. balcony gardening compost tea water-fertilizer integrated irrigation as claimed in claim 1, its feature exists, and described first time-controlled switch is connected with aerator and realizes automatic oxygenating.
4. balcony gardening compost tea water-fertilizer integrated irrigation as claimed in claim 1, it is characterized in that, described self-priming water pump, the second time-controlled switch, fertilizer magnetic valve, the 3rd time-controlled switch, backwater magnetic valve connects, second time-controlled switch controls to close fertilizer magnetic valve, 3rd time-controlled switch controls to realize first automatic water-returning when opening backwater magnetic valve simultaneously, and control to close backwater magnetic valve simultaneously at the 3rd time-controlled switch, the second time-controlled switch controls to open fertilizer liquid electromagnetic valve and realizes automatic irrigation.
5. balcony gardening compost tea water-fertilizer integrated irrigation as claimed in claim 1, it is characterized in that, described balcony gardening compost tea water-fertilizer integrated irrigation adopts the first time-controlled switch, the second time-controlled switch, limnimeter and the 3rd time-controlled switch to control aerator, backwater magnetic valve, fertilizer liquid electromagnetic valve, entering water electromagnetic valve and self-priming water pump and realizes moisturizing, oxygenation, backwater and irrigation circulation.
CN201310064516.8A 2013-02-25 2013-02-25 Compost tea water-fertilizer integrated irrigation device for balcony gardening Expired - Fee Related CN103283367B (en)

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CN104719102B (en) * 2015-03-11 2016-09-28 北京农业智能装备技术研究中心 Organic farming water-fertilizer integral system and method
CN105771813B (en) * 2016-03-07 2018-10-19 姚莲琴 A kind of no residue solid-liquid reaction device
CN105993351A (en) * 2016-06-29 2016-10-12 卢淑侠 Novel agricultural water-and-fertilizer-integrated irrigation machine
CN106881031A (en) * 2017-04-07 2017-06-23 福建农林大学 A kind of intelligent feeding liquid manure machine and its application method
CN112746011A (en) * 2021-01-20 2021-05-04 济南千木奇农业生态园有限公司 Fermenting installation is used in processing of acer truncatum black tea

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