CN103263816B - Air box-bag type dust collector integrated with high efficiency cyclone dust collection - Google Patents

Air box-bag type dust collector integrated with high efficiency cyclone dust collection Download PDF

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Publication number
CN103263816B
CN103263816B CN201310157707.9A CN201310157707A CN103263816B CN 103263816 B CN103263816 B CN 103263816B CN 201310157707 A CN201310157707 A CN 201310157707A CN 103263816 B CN103263816 B CN 103263816B
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cyclone
dust collection
face plate
gravity
whirlwind cyclone
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CN201310157707.9A
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CN103263816A (en
Inventor
赵红霞
仝军锋
侯洪海
李妙玲
常家东
崔钦华
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Luoyang Institute of Science and Technology
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Luoyang Institute of Science and Technology
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Abstract

The invention provides an air box-bag type dust collector integrated with high efficiency cyclone dust collection. The dust collector comprises a shell which is provided with an air inlet and a clean gas outlet; a bag type dust collection part and a gravity cyclone dust collection part are arranged in a cavity of the shell, and the gravity cyclone dust collection part and the bag type dust collection part are in series connection; dusty gas enters into the shell through the air inlet, undergoes treatment successively in the gravity cyclone dust collection part and the bag type dust collection part and is then discharged; and the gravity cyclone dust collection part and the bag type dust collection part are respectively provided with an ash outlet. According to the invention, the gravity cyclone dust collection part of the dust collector is improved in the invention, the interior space of the dust collector is reasonably divided into a gravity settling chamber and a cyclone separation chamber, so multistage treatment of the dusty gas is effectively carried out, and a dust removal effect is guaranteed; gas treated by the gravity cyclone dust collection part enters into the bag type dust collection part through an air outlet for dedusting again; and the whole dust collector has the advantages of high dust collection efficiency, low operating cost and a small land occupation area.

Description

A kind of air-box type bag filter collecting efficient cyclone and gather dust
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of bag type dust collection equipment, specifically a kind of air-box type bag filter collecting efficient cyclone and gather dust.
Background technology
At present, deduster on market has been the technology of comparative maturity, mainly contain cyclone dust removal, gravitational dust collection, bag type dust collection, electric precipitation etc., but based on gravitational settling, cyclone dust removal few in conjunction with the equipment of bag-type dusting, and larger installations is all little because of complex structure, process air quantity, the collection efficient cyclone being therefore badly in need of providing a kind of good separating effect, energy consumption low receives the PPF air-box type bag filter of method.
Summary of the invention
For solving the problems of the technologies described above, the invention provides a kind of air-box type bag filter collecting efficient cyclone and gather dust, this device is gravitational settling, cyclone dust removal in conjunction with air-box type bag-type dusting integrated structure design, and by gravity settling chamber by Whirlwind cyclone upper face plate, Whirlwind cyclone lower face plate and damping sheet intercept into one-level gravity settling chamber and secondary gravity settling chamber, and multiple Whirlwind cyclone that is obliquely installed is distributed in one-level gravitational settling indoor, this structure efficient set gravitational settling, cyclone dust collection, so in principle, it is gravitational settling, cyclone dust collection, gravitational settling thtee-stage shiplock, so dust-collecting efficiency is high, secondly again because single Whirlwind cyclone size is little, cyclone dust collection efficiency is high, total dust-collecting efficiency improves.The other advantage of this structure is that multiple Whirlwind cyclone is in parallel, and exists together in a housing, so process air quantity can increase with Whirlwind cyclone quantity number.And system radiating area reduces, and makes system radiating reduce, can not because of the reliability service of system radiating problems affect bag type dust collection.Efficient cyclone with multiple Whirlwind cyclone gathers dust the processing demands of the dusty gas that can meet any air quantity from structure, and air-box type bag filter also by the parallel combination of filter bag case, can meet the processing demands of any air quantity dusty gas.Therefore, it is large that whole equipment has process air quantity, and dust-collecting efficiency is high, and operating cost is little, the advantage that floor space is little.
The technical solution adopted in the present invention is: a kind of air-box type bag filter collecting efficient cyclone and gather dust, comprise with air inlet, the housing of clean gas outlet, bag type dust collection part and gravity cyclone dust removal part is provided with in the cavity of housing, gravity cyclone dust removal part is connected with bag type dust collection sections in series, dusty gas is entered in housing also successively through gravity cyclone dust removal part by air inlet, discharge after the process of bag type dust collection part, described gravity cyclone dust removal part and bag type dust collection part are equipped with ash hole, described gravity cyclone dust removal part comprises gravity settling chamber and is arranged on the Whirlwind cyclone of gravitational settling indoor, described gravity settling chamber is by Whirlwind cyclone upper face plate, the cavity of gravitational settling indoor is divided into one-level gravity settling chamber and secondary gravity settling chamber by Whirlwind cyclone lower face plate and damping sheet, air inlet is connected with described one-level gravity settling chamber, described one-level gravity settling chamber is surrounded by Whirlwind cyclone upper face plate, Whirlwind cyclone lower face plate and damping sheet and forms, wherein, Whirlwind cyclone upper face plate, Whirlwind cyclone lower face plate are arranged horizontal by acute angle respectively, damping sheet is arranged on the side away from air inlet, and offers gravitational settling dust outlet at described damping sheet,
It is indoor that described Whirlwind cyclone is arranged on one-level gravitational settling, the space of Whirlwind cyclone inside is cyclone separating chamber, Whirlwind cyclone is fixedly connected between Whirlwind cyclone upper face plate and Whirlwind cyclone lower face plate, the axis of Whirlwind cyclone is respectively perpendicular to Whirlwind cyclone upper face plate and Whirlwind cyclone lower face plate, the dusty gas import of Whirlwind cyclone is positioned at one-level gravitational settling indoor, and the separated gas outlet of Whirlwind cyclone upper end is all connected with secondary gravity settling chamber with the ash discharge dirt mouth of lower end.
Described Whirlwind cyclone upper face plate and Whirlwind cyclone lower face plate are parallel to each other, and Whirlwind cyclone upper face plate, Whirlwind cyclone lower face plate are respectively at horizontal by 30 ° of angles.
Described bag type dust collection part is at least provided with two, and each bag type dust collection part is equipped with filtered air inlet, and the cyclone dust collection outlet in gravity cyclone dust removal part is connected respectively at the filtered air inlet in each bag type dust collection part.
The invention has the beneficial effects as follows:
One, apparatus of the present invention are connected with air-box type bag type dust collection with high efficiency gravity cyclone dust collection.Make effect cyclone dust collection and bag type dust collection performance complement.The present invention is by improving gravity cyclone dust removal part, and inner space is rationally divided into gravity settling chamber and cyclone separating chamber, effectively to dusty gas multistep treatment, ensure dust removing effects, gas after the process of gravity cyclone dust removal part enters bag-type dusting part through its air outlet and carries out dedusting again, it is high that whole equipment has dust-collecting efficiency, and operating cost is little, the advantage that floor space is little.
Two, in gravity cyclone dust removal part, one-level gravity settling chamber and secondary gravity settling chamber is intercepted into by Whirlwind cyclone upper face plate, Whirlwind cyclone lower face plate and damping sheet, and multiple Whirlwind cyclone that is obliquely installed is distributed in one-level gravitational settling indoor, described one-level gravity settling chamber is surrounded by Whirlwind cyclone upper face plate, Whirlwind cyclone lower face plate and damping sheet and forms, described Whirlwind cyclone upper face plate, Whirlwind cyclone lower face plate are arranged horizontal by acute angle respectively, damping sheet is arranged on the side away from air inlet, and offers gravitational settling dust outlet at described damping sheet; Improved by above structure, indoor at one-level gravitational settling, gas flow rate reduces, and under gravity, realize and being separated of gas, meanwhile, solid particle encounters Whirlwind cyclone outer wall to large granular materials, loses inertia and is also separated, and therefore, separating effect is better; Then the gas of initial gross separation enters Whirlwind cyclone inside and is again separated by big dust particle, gas after separation enters the larger secondary gravity settling chamber in space again, gas flow rate reduces, large granular materials falls collection along the Whirlwind cyclone upper face plate tilted under gravity again, and this structure reaches best separating effect; And because multiple Whirlwind cyclone is arranged on one-level gravitational settling indoor, so system heat insulation effect is very good airtight.
Three, Whirlwind cyclone is in tilted layout by the present invention, by the axis of Whirlwind cyclone respectively perpendicular to Whirlwind cyclone upper face plate and Whirlwind cyclone lower face plate, is 30 ° by the inclined installation angle of Whirlwind cyclone upper face plate, Whirlwind cyclone lower face plate simultaneously, and after ensureing to be separated, dust is discharged smoothly.
Four, apparatus of the present invention upper face plate is in and installs with horizontal tilt, is convenient to electricity and gathers dust and accept the discharge of dust.
Its five, this apparatus structure is simple, easy access, is easy to remove inner dust accumulation phenomenon, therefore improves the operating reliability of equipment.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is front view of the present invention.
Fig. 2 is top view of the present invention.
Fig. 3 is the structural representation of gravity cyclone dust removal part in the present invention.
Fig. 4 is the structural representation of Whirlwind cyclone in the present invention.
Mark in figure: 1, housing, 101, air inlet, 102, clean gas exports, 103, ash hole, 2, bag-type dusting part, 201, filter bag, 202, back-blowing device, 203, by-pass valve control, 204, filtered air inlet, 3, gravity cyclone dust removal part, 301, gravity settling chamber, 3011, one-level gravity settling chamber, 3012, secondary gravity settling chamber, 3013, Whirlwind cyclone upper face plate, 3014, Whirlwind cyclone lower face plate, 3015, damping sheet, 3016, gravitational settling dust outlet, 302, Whirlwind cyclone, 3021, dusty gas import, 3022, separated gas outlet, 3023, ash discharge dirt mouth, 303, cyclone dust collection exports.
Detailed description of the invention
As shown in the figure, a kind of air-box type bag filter collecting efficient cyclone and gather dust, comprise with air inlet 101, the housing 1 of clean gas outlet 102, bag type dust collection part 2 and gravity cyclone dust removal part 3 is provided with in the cavity of housing 1, gravity cyclone dust removal part 3 and bag type dust collection part 2 are connected in series, dusty gas is entered housing by air inlet 101 and is first processed by gravity cyclone dust removal part 3, then enter after cyclone dust collection outlet 303 is discharged after bag type dust collection part 2 processes and discharge, described gravity cyclone dust removal part 3 and bag type dust collection part 2 are equipped with ash hole 103, described gravity cyclone dust removal part 3 comprises gravity settling chamber 301 and is arranged on the Whirlwind cyclone 302 of gravitational settling indoor, described gravity settling chamber 301 is by Whirlwind cyclone upper face plate 3013, cavity in gravity settling chamber 301 is divided into one-level gravity settling chamber 3011 and secondary gravity settling chamber 3012 by Whirlwind cyclone lower face plate 3014 and damping sheet 3015, air inlet 101 is connected with described one-level gravity settling chamber 3011, described one-level gravity settling chamber 3011 is surrounded by Whirlwind cyclone upper face plate 3013, Whirlwind cyclone lower face plate 3014 and damping sheet 3015 and forms, wherein, Whirlwind cyclone upper face plate 3013, Whirlwind cyclone lower face plate 3014 are arranged horizontal by acute angle respectively, damping sheet 3015 is arranged on the side away from air inlet 101, and offers gravitational settling dust outlet 3016 at described damping sheet 3015,
Described Whirlwind cyclone 302 is arranged in one-level gravity settling chamber 3011, the space of Whirlwind cyclone 302 inside is cyclone separating chamber, Whirlwind cyclone 302 is fixedly connected between Whirlwind cyclone upper face plate 3013 and Whirlwind cyclone lower face plate 3014, the axis of Whirlwind cyclone 302 is respectively perpendicular to Whirlwind cyclone upper face plate 3013 and Whirlwind cyclone lower face plate 3014, the dusty gas import 3021 of Whirlwind cyclone 302 is positioned at one-level gravity settling chamber 3011, and the separated gas outlet 3022 of Whirlwind cyclone 302 upper end is all connected with secondary gravity settling chamber 3012 with the ash discharge dirt mouth 3023 of lower end.
In the present invention, described Whirlwind cyclone upper face plate 3013 and Whirlwind cyclone lower face plate 3014 are parallel to each other, and Whirlwind cyclone upper face plate 3013, Whirlwind cyclone lower face plate 3014 are respectively at horizontal by 30 ° of angles.
The present invention, in order to improve dust removing effects, described bag type dust collection part 2 is at least provided with two, each bag type dust collection part 2 is equipped with filtered air inlet 204, cyclone dust collection outlet 303 in gravity cyclone dust removal part 3 is connected respectively at the filtered air inlet 204 in each bag type dust collection part 2, cyclone dust collection outlet 303 is the port that gravity cyclone dust removal part 3 processes rear Exhaust Gas, filtered air inlet 204 is the air inlet port in bag type dust collection part 2, by arranging multiple bag type dust collection part 2, ensure that dust-collecting efficiency improves greatly.
Bag-type dusting part 2 of the present invention is existing mature technology, commercially available sack cleaner can be adopted, main improvement of the present invention is gravity cyclone dust removal part, therefore there is no too much description about bag-type dusting part, bag-type dusting part as herein described refers to air-box type bag-type dust collecting equipment, similar with pulsed bag-type dust collecting equipment, air-box type bag-type dust collecting equipment comprises following assembly: the filter bag 201 filter dusty gas and the back-blowing device 202 for removing filter bag appearance deposition dust, in general, after dust laden air enters sack cleaner, by discharging after sock filtration, each filter bag case corresponding have individual gas outlet, gas outlet has control device can control its unlatching, gas tank top is connected with pressure-air bag, and controlled by a by-pass valve control 203.In single gas tank, filter bag often works a period of time, its gas tank gas outlet is closed, high pressure gas makes pressure-air bag and gas tank top UNICOM by by-pass valve control, gases at high pressure enter this gas tank, filter bag in this gas tank is opposed, purge gas enters other gas tank from gas tank bottom, the granular material of filter bag outside fall and through housing bottom ash hole discharge collect.
Whirlwind cyclone as herein described is the cyclone separator that market is sold, innovative point of the present invention also combines in the structural design of entirety the cyclone separator be obliquely installed, and improvement be there is no for cyclone separator, conventional cyclone separator operation principle is: tangentially enter along cyclone cylinder outer wall by vacuum force containing dusty gas, realizes being separated of gas and solid by centrifugal force and gravity double reaction plus.
In this device, multiple Whirlwind cyclone is arranged on one-level gravitational settling indoor, according to process air quantity, multiple Whirlwind cyclone can be arranged, so process air quantity can meet technological requirement, simultaneously because multiple Whirlwind cyclone is in a housing, so system high insulating effect, and Whirlwind cyclone size is little, dust-collecting efficiency is high.

Claims (1)

1. the air-box type bag filter collecting efficient cyclone and gather dust, comprise with air inlet (101), the housing (1) of clean gas outlet (102), bag type dust collection part (2) and gravity cyclone dust removal part (3) is provided with in the cavity of housing (1), gravity cyclone dust removal part (3) and bag type dust collection part (2) are connected in series, dusty gas is entered in housing also successively through gravity cyclone dust removal part (3) by air inlet (101), discharge after bag type dust collection part (2) process, described gravity cyclone dust removal part (3) and bag type dust collection part (2) are equipped with ash hole (103), it is characterized in that:
Described gravity cyclone dust removal part (3) comprises gravity settling chamber (301) and is arranged on the Whirlwind cyclone (302) of gravitational settling indoor, cavity in gravity settling chamber (301) is divided into one-level gravity settling chamber (3011) and secondary gravity settling chamber (3012) by Whirlwind cyclone upper face plate (3013), Whirlwind cyclone lower face plate (3014) and damping sheet (3015) by described gravity settling chamber (301), and air inlet (101) is connected with described one-level gravity settling chamber (3011); Described one-level gravity settling chamber (3011) is surrounded by Whirlwind cyclone upper face plate (3013), Whirlwind cyclone lower face plate (3014) and damping sheet (3015) and is formed, wherein, Whirlwind cyclone upper face plate (3013), Whirlwind cyclone lower face plate (3014) are arranged horizontal by acute angle respectively, damping sheet (3015) is arranged on the side away from air inlet (101), and offers gravitational settling dust outlet (3016) at described damping sheet (3015);
Described Whirlwind cyclone (302) is arranged in one-level gravity settling chamber (3011), the space of Whirlwind cyclone (302) inside is cyclone separating chamber, Whirlwind cyclone (302) is fixedly connected between Whirlwind cyclone upper face plate (3013) and Whirlwind cyclone lower face plate (3014), the axis of Whirlwind cyclone (302) is respectively perpendicular to Whirlwind cyclone upper face plate (3013) and Whirlwind cyclone lower face plate (3014), the dusty gas import (3021) of Whirlwind cyclone (302) is positioned at one-level gravity settling chamber (3011), the separated gas outlet (3022) of Whirlwind cyclone (302) upper end is all connected with secondary gravity settling chamber (3012) with the ash discharge dirt mouth (3023) of lower end,
Described Whirlwind cyclone upper face plate (3013) and Whirlwind cyclone lower face plate (3014) are parallel to each other, and Whirlwind cyclone upper face plate (3013), Whirlwind cyclone lower face plate (3014) are respectively at horizontal by 30 ° of angles;
Described bag type dust collection part (2) is at least provided with two, each bag type dust collection part (2) is equipped with filtered air inlet (204), and cyclone dust collection outlet (303) in gravity cyclone dust removal part (3) is connected respectively at the filtered air inlet (204) in each bag type dust collection part (2).
CN201310157707.9A 2013-05-02 2013-05-02 Air box-bag type dust collector integrated with high efficiency cyclone dust collection Expired - Fee Related CN103263816B (en)

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Families Citing this family (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104056524A (en) * 2014-07-14 2014-09-24 苏顺达 Bag cyclone deduster
CN104128057A (en) * 2014-07-29 2014-11-05 洛阳理工学院 Gas box-type bag-type dust collector integrating high-efficiency cyclone dust removal
CN105311905A (en) * 2014-08-05 2016-02-10 上海卓旋化工科技有限公司 Pulse-bag type filter
CN108677846A (en) * 2018-06-25 2018-10-19 陕西通运专用汽车集团有限公司 Dry with demisting dust suppression function sweeps vehicle

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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN2282933Y (en) * 1997-01-24 1998-06-03 唐永智 Horizontal type multitube dust remover
CN201632176U (en) * 2010-01-20 2010-11-17 北京西山新干线环保设备有限公司 Dry-method high-efficient dust collector
CN203235382U (en) * 2013-05-02 2013-10-16 洛阳理工学院 Air box type bag type dust remover integrating high efficiency, cyclone and dust removal

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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US7998253B2 (en) * 2007-07-19 2011-08-16 Menardi-Mikropul Llc Airflow reducing and redirecting arrangement for industrial baghouse

Patent Citations (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN2282933Y (en) * 1997-01-24 1998-06-03 唐永智 Horizontal type multitube dust remover
CN201632176U (en) * 2010-01-20 2010-11-17 北京西山新干线环保设备有限公司 Dry-method high-efficient dust collector
CN203235382U (en) * 2013-05-02 2013-10-16 洛阳理工学院 Air box type bag type dust remover integrating high efficiency, cyclone and dust removal

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