CN103263816A - Air box-bag type dust collector integrated with high efficiency cyclone dust collection - Google Patents

Air box-bag type dust collector integrated with high efficiency cyclone dust collection Download PDF

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Publication number
CN103263816A
CN103263816A CN2013101577079A CN201310157707A CN103263816A CN 103263816 A CN103263816 A CN 103263816A CN 2013101577079 A CN2013101577079 A CN 2013101577079A CN 201310157707 A CN201310157707 A CN 201310157707A CN 103263816 A CN103263816 A CN 103263816A
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China
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whirlwind
sub
face plate
gravity
dust collection
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CN2013101577079A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN103263816B (en
Inventor
赵红霞
仝军锋
侯洪海
李妙玲
常家东
崔钦华
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Luoyang Institute of Science and Technology
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Luoyang Institute of Science and Technology
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Priority to CN201310157707.9A priority Critical patent/CN103263816B/en
Publication of CN103263816A publication Critical patent/CN103263816A/en
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Publication of CN103263816B publication Critical patent/CN103263816B/en
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Abstract

The invention provides an air box-bag type dust collector integrated with high efficiency cyclone dust collection. The dust collector comprises a shell which is provided with an air inlet and a clean gas outlet; a bag type dust collection part and a gravity cyclone dust collection part are arranged in a cavity of the shell, and the gravity cyclone dust collection part and the bag type dust collection part are in series connection; dusty gas enters into the shell through the air inlet, undergoes treatment successively in the gravity cyclone dust collection part and the bag type dust collection part and is then discharged; and the gravity cyclone dust collection part and the bag type dust collection part are respectively provided with an ash outlet. According to the invention, the gravity cyclone dust collection part of the dust collector is improved in the invention, the interior space of the dust collector is reasonably divided into a gravity settling chamber and a cyclone separation chamber, so multistage treatment of the dusty gas is effectively carried out, and a dust removal effect is guaranteed; gas treated by the gravity cyclone dust collection part enters into the bag type dust collection part through an air outlet for dedusting again; and the whole dust collector has the advantages of high dust collection efficiency, low operating cost and a small land occupation area.

Description

A kind ofly collect the gas tank formula bag filter that efficient cyclone gathers dust
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of pocket type dust collection device, a kind ofly specifically collect the gas tank formula bag filter that efficient cyclone gathers dust.
Background technology
At present, deduster on the market has been the technology of comparative maturity, mainly contain that cyclone dust removal, gravitational dust collection, pocket type are gathered dust, electric precipitation etc., yet based on gravitational settling, cyclone dust removal and also few in conjunction with the equipment of bag-type dusting, and mostly device is all because complex structure, to handle air quantity little, and therefore urgent need will provide the PPF gas tank formula bag filter of a kind of good separating effect, collection efficient cyclone receipts method that energy consumption is low.
Summary of the invention
For solving the problems of the technologies described above, the invention provides a kind of gas tank formula bag filter that efficient cyclone gathers dust that collects, this device is gravitational settling, cyclone dust removal and in conjunction with gas tank formula bag-type dusting integrated structure design, and gravity settling chamber is passed through the sub-upper face plate of whirlwind, the sub-lower face plate of whirlwind intercepts into one-level gravity settling chamber and secondary gravity settling chamber with damping sheet, and be obliquely installed whirlwind to be distributed in the one-level gravitational settling indoor a plurality of, this structure efficient set gravitational settling, cyclone dust collection, so in principle, it is gravitational settling, cyclone dust collection, three grades of series connection of gravitational settling, so dust-collecting efficiency height, secondly little because of the sub-size of single whirlwind again, cyclone dust collection efficient height, total dust-collecting efficiency improves.The other advantage of this structure is that a plurality of whirlwind are in parallel, and in the housing that exists together, can increase with whirlwind quantum count number so handle air quantity.And the system radiating area reduces, and system radiating is reduced, not the reliability service that can gather dust because of system radiating problems affect pocket type.The efficient cyclone that has a plurality of whirlwind gathers dust and can satisfy the processing demands of the dusty gas of any air quantity from structure, and gas tank formula bag filter also may satisfy the processing demands of any air quantity dusty gas by the parallel connection combination of filter bag case.Therefore, entire equipment has that to handle air quantity big, the dust-collecting efficiency height, and operating cost is little, the advantage that floor space is little.
The technical solution adopted in the present invention is: a kind ofly collect the gas tank formula bag filter that efficient cyclone gathers dust, comprise and have air inlet, the housing of clean gas outlet, being provided with pocket type in the cavity of housing gathers dust partly and gravity cyclone dust removal part, gravity cyclone dust removal part and pocket type gather dust and partly are connected in series, dusty gas enters in the housing by air inlet and passes through gravity cyclone dust removal part successively, pocket type gathers dust and discharges after the section processes, gather dust at described gravity cyclone dust removal part and pocket type and partly to be equipped with ash hole, described gravity cyclone dust removal partly comprises gravity settling chamber and is arranged on indoor whirlwind of gravitational settling, described gravity settling chamber is by the sub-upper face plate of whirlwind, the sub-lower face plate of whirlwind and the damping sheet cavity that gravitational settling is indoor is divided into one-level gravity settling chamber and secondary gravity settling chamber, and air inlet is connected with described one-level gravity settling chamber; Described one-level gravity settling chamber is surrounded by the sub-upper face plate of whirlwind, the sub-lower face plate of whirlwind and damping sheet and forms, wherein, the sub-upper face plate of whirlwind, the sub-lower face plate of whirlwind are respectively horizontal by the acute angle setting, damping sheet is arranged on the side away from air inlet, and offers the outlet of gravitational settling dust at described damping sheet;
It is indoor that described whirlwind is arranged on the one-level gravitational settling, the sub-volume inside of whirlwind is cyclone separating chamber, whirlwind is fixedly connected between the sub-upper face plate of whirlwind and the sub-lower face plate of whirlwind, the axis of whirlwind is respectively perpendicular to the sub-upper face plate of whirlwind and the sub-lower face plate of whirlwind, it is indoor that the dusty gas import of whirlwind is positioned at the one-level gravitational settling, and the divided gas flow outlet of whirlwind upper end and the ash discharge dirt mouth of lower end all are connected with the secondary gravity settling chamber.
The sub-upper face plate of described whirlwind and the sub-lower face plate of whirlwind are parallel to each other, and the sub-upper face plate of whirlwind, the sub-lower face plate of whirlwind are respectively at horizontal by 30 ° of angles.
Described pocket type gathers dust and partly is provided with two at least, and each pocket type is equipped with the filtration air inlet on gathering dust partly, and the filtration air inlet on the cyclone dust collection outlet on the gravity cyclone dust removal part is gathered dust partly respectively at each pocket type is connected.
The invention has the beneficial effects as follows:
One, apparatus of the present invention are gathered dust with gas tank formula pocket type with efficient gravity cyclone dust collection and are connected.Make and imitate cyclone dust collection and the complementation of pocket type dust collection performance.The present invention is by cyclone dust removal partly improves to gravity, and the inner space rationally is divided into gravity settling chamber and cyclone separating chamber, effectively to the dusty gas multistep treatment, guarantee dust removing effects, gas after gravity cyclone dust removal section processes enters bag-type dusting through its air outlet and partly carries out dedusting again, entire equipment has the dust-collecting efficiency height, and operating cost is little, the advantage that floor space is little.
Two, in gravity cyclone dust removal part, intercept into one-level gravity settling chamber and secondary gravity settling chamber by the sub-upper face plate of whirlwind, the sub-lower face plate of whirlwind and damping sheet, and be obliquely installed whirlwind to be distributed in the one-level gravitational settling indoor a plurality of, described one-level gravity settling chamber is surrounded by the sub-upper face plate of whirlwind, the sub-lower face plate of whirlwind and damping sheet and forms, the sub-upper face plate of described whirlwind, the sub-lower face plate of whirlwind are respectively horizontal by the acute angle setting, damping sheet is arranged on the side away from air inlet, and offers the outlet of gravitational settling dust at described damping sheet; By above architecture advances, indoor at the one-level gravitational settling, gas flow rate reduces, and large granular materials is under the gravity effect, and realization separates with gas, and simultaneously, solid particle is run into the sub-outer wall of whirlwind, loses inertia and also obtains separating, and therefore, separating effect is better; The gas of initial gross separation enters the sub-inside of whirlwind and again big dust particle is separated then, gas after the separation enters the bigger secondary gravity settling chamber in space again, gas flow rate reduces, large granular materials falls collection along the sub-upper face plate of whirlwind that tilts again under the gravity effect, this structure reaches optimal separating efficiency; And because a plurality of whirlwind to be arranged on the one-level gravitational settling indoor airtight, so system's heat insulation effect is very good.
Three, the present invention is in tilted layout whirlwind, and respectively perpendicular to the sub-upper face plate of whirlwind and the sub-lower face plate of whirlwind, the inclined installation angle with the sub-upper face plate of whirlwind, the sub-lower face plate of whirlwind is 30 ° simultaneously with the axis of whirlwind, guarantees to separate the back dust and discharges smoothly.
Four, apparatus of the present invention upper face plate is in and horizontal tilt is installed, and is convenient to electricity and gathers dust and accept the discharge of dust.
Its five, this apparatus structure is simple, easy access is easy to remove inner dust packing phenomenon, has therefore improved the operating reliability of equipment.
Description of drawings
Fig. 1 is front view of the present invention.
Fig. 2 is vertical view of the present invention.
Fig. 3 is the structural representation of gravity cyclone dust removal part among the present invention.
Fig. 4 is the structural representation of whirlwind among the present invention.
Mark among the figure: 1, housing, 101, air inlet, 102, the clean gas outlet, 103, ash hole, 2, the bag-type dusting part, 201, filter bag, 202, back-blowing device, 203, by-pass valve control, 204, filter air inlet, 3, gravity cyclone dust removal part, 301, gravity settling chamber, 3011, the one-level gravity settling chamber, 3012, the secondary gravity settling chamber, 3013, the sub-upper face plate of whirlwind, 3014, the sub-lower face plate of whirlwind, 3015, damping sheet, 3016, the outlet of gravitational settling dust, 302, whirlwind, 3021, the dusty gas import, 3022, the divided gas flow outlet, 3023, ash discharge dirt mouth, 303, the cyclone dust collection outlet.
The specific embodiment
As shown in the figure, a kind ofly collect the gas tank formula bag filter that efficient cyclone gathers dust, comprise and have air inlet 101, the housing 1 of clean gas outlet 102, in the cavity of housing 1, be provided with pocket type gather dust part 2 and gravity cyclone dust removal part 3, gravity cyclone dust removal part 3 and the pocket type part 2 of gathering dust is connected in series, dusty gas enters housing by air inlet 101 and at first handles by gravity cyclone dust removal part 3, entering the pocket type part 2 of gathering dust after discharging through cyclone dust collection outlet 303 then handles the back and discharges, be equipped with ash hole 103 in described gravity cyclone dust removal part 3 and the pocket type part 2 of gathering dust, described gravity cyclone dust removal part 3 comprises gravity settling chamber 301 and is arranged on indoor whirlwind 302 of gravitational settling, described gravity settling chamber 301 is by the sub-upper face plate 3013 of whirlwind, the sub-lower face plate 3014 of whirlwind and damping sheet 3015 are divided into one-level gravity settling chamber 3011 and secondary gravity settling chamber 3012 with the cavity in the gravity settling chamber 301, and air inlet 101 is connected with described one-level gravity settling chamber 3011; Described one-level gravity settling chamber 3011 is surrounded by the sub-upper face plate 3013 of whirlwind, the sub-lower face plate 3014 of whirlwind and damping sheet 3015 and forms, wherein, the sub-upper face plate 3013 of whirlwind, the sub-lower face plate 3014 of whirlwind are respectively horizontal by the acute angle setting, damping sheet 3015 is arranged on the side away from air inlet 101, and offers gravitational settling dust outlet 3016 at described damping sheet 3015;
Described whirlwind 302 is arranged in the one-level gravity settling chamber 3011, whirlwind 302 volume inside are cyclone separating chamber, whirlwind 302 is fixedly connected between the sub-upper face plate 3013 of whirlwind and the sub-lower face plate 3014 of whirlwind, the axis of whirlwind 302 is respectively perpendicular to the sub-upper face plate 3013 of whirlwind and the sub-lower face plate 3014 of whirlwind, the dusty gas import 3021 of whirlwind 302 is positioned at one-level gravity settling chamber 3011, and the divided gas flow outlet 3022 of whirlwind 302 upper ends and the ash discharge dirt mouth 3023 of lower end all are connected with secondary gravity settling chamber 3012.
Among the present invention, the sub-upper face plate 3013 of described whirlwind and the sub-lower face plate 3014 of whirlwind are parallel to each other, and the sub-upper face plate 3013 of whirlwind, the sub-lower face plate 3014 of whirlwind are respectively at horizontal by 30 ° of angles.
The present invention, in order to improve dust removing effects, the described pocket type part 2 of gathering dust is provided with two at least, each pocket type gathers dust to be equipped with on the part 2 and filters air inlet 204, cyclone dust collection on the gravity cyclone dust removal part 3 outlet 303 is connected respectively at the filtration air inlet 204 that each pocket type gathers dust on the part 2, cyclone dust collection outlet 303 is gravity cyclone dust removal part 3 and handles the port that gas is discharged in the back, filter air inlet 204 and be gather dust air inlet port on the part 2 of pocket type, by a plurality of pocket types part 2 of gathering dust is set, guarantee that dust-collecting efficiency improves greatly.
Bag-type dusting part 2 of the present invention is existing mature technology, can adopt commercially available sack cleaner, main improvement of the present invention is gravity cyclone dust removal part, therefore partly there is no too much description about bag-type dusting, bag-type dusting as herein described partly refers to gas tank formula bag-type dust collecting equipment, similar with the pulsed bag-type dust collecting equipment, gas tank formula bag-type dust collecting equipment comprises following assembly: the filter bag 201 that dusty gas is filtered and be used for removing the back-blowing device 202 of filter bag appearance deposition dust, in general, after dust laden air enters sack cleaner, filtering the back by filter bag discharges, corresponding each filter bag case individual gas outlet arranged, the gas outlet has control device can control its unlatching, and gas tank top links to each other with the pressure-air bag, and by 203 controls of a by-pass valve control.Every work a period of time of filter bag in the single gas tank, its gas tank gas outlet is closed, high pressure gas makes pressure-air bag and gas tank top UNICOM by by-pass valve control, gases at high pressure enter this gas tank, filter bag in this gas tank is opposed, purge gas enters other gas tank from the gas tank bottom, and the granular material of filter bag outside falls and discharges collection through the ash hole of housing bottom.
Whirlwind as herein described is the cyclone separator of selling on the market, innovative point of the present invention is in the structural design of integral body and in conjunction with the cyclone separator that is obliquely installed, and there is no improvement for cyclone separator, conventional cyclone separator operation principle is: contain dusty gas and tangentially entered along the whirlwind drum outer wall by suction function power, be subjected to centrifugal force and gravity double reaction plus to realize separating of gas and solid.
In this device, it is indoor that a plurality of whirlwind are arranged on the one-level gravitational settling, according to handling air quantity, can arrange a plurality of whirlwind, can satisfy technological requirement so handle air quantity, simultaneously because a plurality of whirlwind in a housing, so system's high insulating effect, and the sub-size of whirlwind is little, the dust-collecting efficiency height.

Claims (3)

1. one kind collects the gas tank formula bag filter that efficient cyclone gathers dust, comprise and have air inlet (101), the housing (1) of clean gas outlet (102), in the cavity of housing (1), be provided with pocket type gather dust part (2) and gravity cyclone dust removal partly (3), gravity cyclone dust removal part (3) and pocket type gather dust partly, and (2) are connected in series, dusty gas enters in the housing by air inlet (101) and passes through gravity cyclone dust removal part (3) successively, pocket type gathers dust and discharges after part (2) is handled, gather dust partly at described gravity cyclone dust removal part (3) and pocket type that (2) are equipped with ash hole (103), it is characterized in that:
Described gravity cyclone dust removal part (3) comprises gravity settling chamber (301) and is arranged on indoor whirlwind (302) of gravitational settling, described gravity settling chamber (301) is divided into one-level gravity settling chamber (3011) and secondary gravity settling chamber (3012) by the sub-upper face plate of whirlwind (3013), the sub-lower face plate of whirlwind (3014) and damping sheet (3015) with the cavity in the gravity settling chamber (301), and air inlet (101) is connected with described one-level gravity settling chamber (3011); Described one-level gravity settling chamber (3011) is surrounded by the sub-upper face plate of whirlwind (3013), the sub-lower face plate of whirlwind (3014) and damping sheet (3015) and forms, wherein, the sub-upper face plate of whirlwind (3013), the sub-lower face plate of whirlwind (3014) are respectively horizontal by the acute angle setting, damping sheet (3015) is arranged on the side away from air inlet (101), and offers gravitational settling dust outlet (3016) at described damping sheet (3015);
Described whirlwind (302) is arranged in the one-level gravity settling chamber (3011), whirlwind (302) volume inside is cyclone separating chamber, whirlwind (302) is fixedly connected between the sub-upper face plate of whirlwind (3013) and the sub-lower face plate of whirlwind (3014), the axis of whirlwind (302) is respectively perpendicular to the sub-upper face plate of whirlwind (3013) and the sub-lower face plate of whirlwind (3014), the dusty gas import (3021) of whirlwind (302) is positioned at one-level gravity settling chamber (3011), and the divided gas flow outlet (3022) of whirlwind (302) upper end and the ash discharge dirt mouth (3023) of lower end all are connected with secondary gravity settling chamber (3012).
2. a kind of gas tank formula bag filter that efficient cyclone gathers dust that collects according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: the sub-upper face plate of described whirlwind (3013) and the sub-lower face plate of whirlwind (3014) are parallel to each other, and the sub-upper face plate of whirlwind (3013), the sub-lower face plate of whirlwind (3014) are respectively at horizontal by 30 ° of angles.
3. a kind of gas tank formula bag filter that efficient cyclone gathers dust that collects according to claim 2, it is characterized in that: described pocket type gather dust the part (2) be provided with two at least, each pocket type part of gathering dust is equipped with on (2) and filters air inlet (204), and the cyclone dust collection outlet (303) on the gravity cyclone dust removal part (3) is connected respectively at the filtration air inlet (204) that each pocket type gathers dust on the part (2).
CN201310157707.9A 2013-05-02 2013-05-02 Air box-bag type dust collector integrated with high efficiency cyclone dust collection Expired - Fee Related CN103263816B (en)

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Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104056524A (en) * 2014-07-14 2014-09-24 苏顺达 Bag cyclone deduster
CN104128057A (en) * 2014-07-29 2014-11-05 洛阳理工学院 Gas box-type bag-type dust collector integrating high-efficiency cyclone dust removal
CN105311905A (en) * 2014-08-05 2016-02-10 上海卓旋化工科技有限公司 Pulse-bag type filter

Citations (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN2282933Y (en) * 1997-01-24 1998-06-03 唐永智 Horizontal type multitube dust remover
US20090020011A1 (en) * 2007-07-19 2009-01-22 Gregg William W Airflow Reducing and Redirecting Arrangement For Industrial Baghouse
CN201632176U (en) * 2010-01-20 2010-11-17 北京西山新干线环保设备有限公司 Dry-method high-efficient dust collector
CN203235382U (en) * 2013-05-02 2013-10-16 洛阳理工学院 Air box type bag type dust remover integrating high efficiency, cyclone and dust removal

Patent Citations (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN2282933Y (en) * 1997-01-24 1998-06-03 唐永智 Horizontal type multitube dust remover
US20090020011A1 (en) * 2007-07-19 2009-01-22 Gregg William W Airflow Reducing and Redirecting Arrangement For Industrial Baghouse
CN201632176U (en) * 2010-01-20 2010-11-17 北京西山新干线环保设备有限公司 Dry-method high-efficient dust collector
CN203235382U (en) * 2013-05-02 2013-10-16 洛阳理工学院 Air box type bag type dust remover integrating high efficiency, cyclone and dust removal

Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104056524A (en) * 2014-07-14 2014-09-24 苏顺达 Bag cyclone deduster
CN104128057A (en) * 2014-07-29 2014-11-05 洛阳理工学院 Gas box-type bag-type dust collector integrating high-efficiency cyclone dust removal
CN105311905A (en) * 2014-08-05 2016-02-10 上海卓旋化工科技有限公司 Pulse-bag type filter

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