CN102670132A - Cyclone separation dust collecting device - Google Patents

Cyclone separation dust collecting device Download PDF

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Publication number
CN102670132A
CN102670132A CN2011100578022A CN201110057802A CN102670132A CN 102670132 A CN102670132 A CN 102670132A CN 2011100578022 A CN2011100578022 A CN 2011100578022A CN 201110057802 A CN201110057802 A CN 201110057802A CN 102670132 A CN102670132 A CN 102670132A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
dust
separator
main
air inlet
disengagement chamber
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
Application number
CN2011100578022A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
肖宗亮
李宁
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
LG Electronics Tianjin Appliances Co Ltd
Original Assignee
LG Electronics Tianjin Appliances Co Ltd
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by LG Electronics Tianjin Appliances Co Ltd filed Critical LG Electronics Tianjin Appliances Co Ltd
Priority to CN2011100578022A priority Critical patent/CN102670132A/en
Publication of CN102670132A publication Critical patent/CN102670132A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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Abstract

The invention discloses a cyclone separation dust collecting device. The device comprises a main separator, a main dust collecting cavity, an auxiliary separator and an auxiliary dust collecting cavity, wherein the main separator is communicated with the main dust collecting cavity and used for storing dust, and the auxiliary separator is communicated with the auxiliary dust collecting cavity and used for collecting dust; the main separator comprises a main separating cavity, an air inlet pipe, a dust exhaust port, a filtering portion and an air exhaust pipe; the auxiliary separator comprises an auxiliary separating cavity, an air inlet pipe, a dust falling pipe and an air inlet taper pipe which is connected with the air exhaust pipe; and the auxiliary separator and the main separator are arranged in parallel and communicated with each other through a pipeline. According to the cyclone separation dust collecting device, the main separator and the auxiliary separator, which are connected in parallel, are adopted, the filtering effect for fine dust is improved by the auxiliary separator, the formation of upper dust rings inside the main separator is avoided, before the dust enters high efficiency particulate air (hepa), the dust separating effect is improved, the cleaning density of the heap can be reduced effectively and users feel good during usage.

Description

The cyclonic separation dust collect plant
Technical field
The present invention relates to the dust catcher field, particularly relate to the cyclone separator of dust catcher.
Background technology
Usually, vacuum cleaner is to utilize vacuum to produce suction to suck air, makes air flow through various filters, airborne foreign matter is filtered the device in the cleaning chamber.
General rice is said; Vacuum cleaner mainly comprises aspirator and suction line; With motor and blower fan is that the aspirator that dominant shape becomes is arranged in the body; Suction line comprises suction nozzle and air intake duct, and capable air entry and telescoping tube and the flexible pipe through air intake duct under shed of suction nozzle communicates with the air inlet of body inner blower.During the dust catcher running, the impeller of motor drives blower fan rotates at a high speed, and the air in the dust catcher is discharged, and in dust catcher, forms instantaneous vacuum, and forms a quite high Negative Pressure Difference between the ambient atmosphere.Under the effect of this Negative Pressure Difference, near the dust the suction nozzle sucks in the dust bucket in the body through air entry together with air.The air that contains capable dust after filtering, flows back to the dust catcher outside from air outlet again in the body dust bucket.Like this, just reach the effect of dust out, clean floor.The suction rate of vacuum cleaner is divided into a plurality of class that control, and adapts to the scope of operation of different cleaning objects such as ground, bed surface, sofa, corner, so that aspirate dust everywhere better.
Profile classification according to dust catcher can be divided into vertical type dust collector, horizontal dust collector and portable dust collector etc.Say for dust catcher rice; No matter be vertical type dust collector or horizontal dust collector or portable dust collector; Inner of dust catcher body all is provided with the dust bucket that row is assembled dust and foreign matter, and inner dust of assembling of dust bucket and foreign matter need regularly to remove, to guarantee the normal use of dust catcher.
In addition, vacuum cleaner can be divided into filer element type, the cyclonic filter formula to the mode that foreign matters such as dust, hair filter by it.Wherein filer element type makes the air that contains capable foreign matter flow through a kind of dry goods dust bag; Foreign matter filtered to change dust bag periodically; And cyclone type makes the suction air generation swirling flow that contains capable foreign matter; Fall the bottom surface with sucking the deadweight effect tenesmus of airborne foreign matter in rotary course, do not need dust bag, its use amount just constantly rises.
The cyclonic separation dust collect plant of existing techniques comprises: cyclonic separation chamber, taper or cylinder filter and dust bucket.The cross section is installed in dust bucket top for circular or oval-shaped cyclonic separation chamber; Inner row taper or cylinder filter and the rotational flow generator installed of cyclone separator staving; The leading section of bucket wall and rearward end are established promoting the circulation of qi body inlet port and dust outlet respectively in the cyclone separator bottom, and a side of cyclone separator is established promoting the circulation of qi body outlet.When tipping rubbish, the user upwards picks up cyclone separator, outwells the rubbish in the dust bucket then.
But there is following problem in the cyclonic filter formula dust collect plant of existing techniques: circle of the cyclone separator of an existing techniques row or oval bucket body structure and filter carry out separating and filtering to dust; Therefore for some tiny dusts inferior separating effect often; Separative efficiency is low, the easy blocking filter.For single cyclone separator; Separation was rotated in beginning at a high speed after dust got into disengagement chamber; But fine dust is assembled at the top at disengagement chamber easily; Be called upper dust-ring, these dusts are not easy to separate downwards but also flowing of dusty gas that influence gets into from inlet causes the separating effect of separator not reach the best.
Summary of the invention
The object of the present invention is to provide a kind of cyclonic separation dust arrester of imitating raising fine dust separating effect of manageing it.
To achieve these goals, technical scheme of the present invention is following:
A kind of cyclonic separation dust collect plant comprises main separator, being connected with main separator is connected in order to the secondary dust-collecting cavity of storage dust in order to the main dust-collecting cavity, secondary separator of storage dust with secondary separator; Described main separator comprises main disengagement chamber, air inlet pipe, dust-exhausting port, filter house and blast pipe; Described secondary separator comprises secondary disengagement chamber, air inlet pipe, dust fall pipe, is connected to the exhaust Taper Pipe of blast pipe; Described secondary separator and described main separator laterally arrange, and by pipeline main separator and secondary separator are connected.
Preferably, described secondary separator and described main separator next-door neighbour are provided with, and the tangential passage is communicated with main separator and secondary separator, and passage two ends, described tangential are tangent with main disengagement chamber and secondary disengagement chamber respectively, and the tangential passage constitutes the air inlet pipe of secondary disengagement chamber.
Preferably, described tangential passage is arranged near main disengagement chamber inwall upside, and its width is at 2-6mm.
Preferably; Formation circular arc or elliptic arc changeover portion continued straight line extended to form main air inlet pipe after the air inlet pipe of main separator was extended one section forward; Secondary separator is arranged between described changeover portion and main disengagement chamber; The air inlet of described secondary disengagement chamber is arranged on the changeover portion respective side, on the changeover portion inwall corresponding with air inlet, forms the intensive through hole of row simultaneously.
Preferably, changeover portion and secondary disengagement chamber close on side formation air inlet openings.
Preferably, the bending angle that forms between air inlet pipe and main air inlet pipe is greater than 90 degree.
Preferably, corresponding air inlet is provided with capable scroll casing shape eddy flow and forms the chamber on described secondary disengagement chamber top.
Preferably, at described secondary separator and secondary laying dust chamber capable dust hood is set, described dust hood is for offering the umbrella-shaped structure in capable dust fall hole on every side.
Cyclonic separation dust collect plant of the present invention; Adopt two parallelly connected separators of main separator and secondary separator; Utilize secondary separator to improve filter effect, avoid the formation of upper dust-ring in the main separator, before getting into hepa, improve the separating effect of micronic dust simultaneously thin dirt; Can go and imitate the cleaning density that reduces hepa, improve use experience.
Description of drawings
Fig. 1 is the cyclone separator perspective view of first embodiment of the invention;
Fig. 2 cuts open the front portion structure sketch map for cyclone separator shown in Figure 1;
Fig. 3 cuts open the superstructure sketch map for cyclone separator shown in Figure 1;
Fig. 4 cuts open the right part structural representation for cyclone separator shown in Figure 1;
Fig. 5 is a second embodiment of the invention cyclone separator perspective view;
Fig. 6 is a cyclone separator cross section structure sketch map shown in Figure 5;
Fig. 7 cuts open the superstructure sketch map for cyclone separator shown in Figure 5;
Fig. 8 is a cyclone separator vertical view shown in Figure 7;
Fig. 9 cuts open the superstructure sketch map for the third embodiment of the invention cyclone separator;
Figure 10 is a cyclone separator vertical view shown in Figure 9.
The specific embodiment
Be elaborated below in conjunction with the structure of accompanying drawing to rotary compressor of the present invention.
Like Fig. 1-shown in Figure 4, the cyclonic separation dust collect plant of first embodiment of the invention comprises main separator 10 and is connected in order to the main dust-collecting cavity 13 of storage dust with main separator; The secondary separator 20 that laterally arranges with main separator 10 and be connected in order to the secondary dust-collecting cavity 23 of storage dust with secondary separator.
Described main separator 10 comprises circular or oval main disengagement chamber 15; With the described main disengagement chamber 15 tangent air inlet pipe 11 that guide to main disengagement chamber 15 inside in order to the air-flow that will be mingled with dust; Tangentially direction is formed on the dust-exhausting port of main disengagement chamber 15 downsides, and described dust-exhausting port is communicated to main dust-collecting cavity 13 through cover for conducting; Be fixedly installed on the filter house 14 at disengagement chamber central upper portion place, described filter house 14 is generally cylindrical shape or conical strainer; Above described filter house 14 centers, form row blast pipe 12, get into its inside and discharge main disengagement chamber 15 via blast pipe 12 through the through hole that rotates through the air-flow inherent filtration portion 14 that filters dust.
Described secondary separator 20 comprises that the cross section is circular or oval secondary disengagement chamber 25, and described secondary disengagement chamber 25 forms the dust fall pipe through tapering transition, and described dust fall pipe is communicated to the secondary laying dust chamber 23 of below; Be fixedly installed on the exhaust Taper Pipe 24 of secondary disengagement chamber 25 inner and upper; Be arranged on the conduction pipe 28 that described exhaust Taper Pipe 24 tops are connected to blast pipe 12.Described secondary separator 20 is provided with described main separator 10 next-door neighbours; And by the top connection of tangential passage 18 with main separator 10 tops and secondary separator 20; Described tangential passage is simultaneously tangent with main disengagement chamber and secondary disengagement chamber, and promptly the tangential passage constitutes the air inlet pipe of secondary disengagement chamber 20.
In dust catcher work; Under the swabbing action of motor; Form near vacuum in main separator and the secondary separator, tangential direction gets into main disengagement chamber 15 in pressure difference effect lower edge through air inlet pipe 11 to be mingled with the air-flow of dust, in the main dust-collecting cavity below the air-flow that in main disengagement chamber, rotates progressively gets rid of dust and the gas after filtering is discharged from blast pipe 12; Simultaneously; Passage 18 gets into secondary disengagement chamber 25 to the part air-flow on the top in the main disengagement chamber 15 through the tangential under self speed and pressure difference effect, is the 2-6 millimeter because mostly the dust that upper air is mingled with is micronic dust and tangential channel width, and the effect of manageing it avoids thick dirt to get into secondary disengagement chamber; The air-flow that is mingled with micronic dust tangentially gets into rotation limit, secondary disengagement chamber back and moves down, and clean air flows out and dust progressively enters in the secondary laying dust chamber through the lower openings of exhaust Taper Pipe.
Fig. 5-shown in Figure 8 is the second embodiment of the present invention, and the cyclonic separation dust collect plant of second embodiment of the invention comprises main separator 50 and is connected in order to the main dust-collecting cavity of storage dust with main separator; With laterally arrange secondary separator 60 and being connected with secondary separator of main separator 50 in order to the secondary dust-collecting cavity of storage dust.
Described main separator 50 comprises circular or oval main disengagement chamber 55; With the described main disengagement chamber 55 tangent air inlet pipe 51 that guide to main disengagement chamber 55 inside in order to the air-flow that will be mingled with dust; Tangentially direction is formed on the dust-exhausting port of main disengagement chamber downside, and described dust-exhausting port is communicated to main dust-collecting cavity (not shown) through cover for conducting; Be fixedly installed on the filter house 54 at main disengagement chamber 55 central upper portion places, described filter house 54 is generally cylindrical shape or conical strainer; Extend upward the landform blast pipe 52 of embarking on journey in described filter house 54 centers, get into through the through hole that rotates through the air-flow inherent filtration portion that filters dust that it is inner and discharge main disengagement chamber via blast pipe.
Form circular arc or elliptic arc changeover portion 69 and continued straight line after described air inlet pipe 51 is extended one section forward and extend to form main air inlet pipe 61, preferably the bending angle of process changeover portion 69 backs two straightway air inlet pipe formation is greater than 90 degree.At described changeover portion 69 and 55 of main disengagement chambers the secondary separator 60 of row is set.Described secondary separator 60 laterally arranges with described main separator 50, and described secondary separator comprises that the cross section is circular or oval secondary disengagement chamber 65; Be arranged on secondary disengagement chamber 65 belows by the dust fall pipe with it secondary laying dust chamber (not shown) that is communicated with secondary disengagement chamber; Be arranged on the exhaust Taper Pipe 64 of secondary disengagement chamber 65 inner and upper; Be arranged on the conduction pipe 68 that described exhaust Taper Pipe 64 tops are communicated to blast pipe 52; The air inlet of the secondary disengagement chamber of described secondary separator is arranged on and changeover portion 69 sides adjacent, on air inlet pipe changeover portion 69 inwalls corresponding with air inlet, forms the intensive through hole of row simultaneously.
For further guiding the air-flow that gets into through through hole to form eddy flow; Corresponding through hole is offered the position capable scroll casing shape eddy flow formation chamber is set above described secondary disengagement chamber; Under the suction of exhaust Taper Pipe; The air-flow that gets into eddy flow formation chamber from through hole forms eddy flow in spiral case, row is imitated the separating effect that improves dust.
Preferably; For avoiding described separated thin dirt to be stirred once more; At described secondary disengagement chamber and secondary laying dust chamber capable dust hood is set; Described dust hood for around offer the umbrella-shaped structure in capable dust fall hole, dust from around the dust fall hole fall and the air-flow of center can not enter into secondary dust-collecting cavity, row is imitated and is prevented that dust is disorderly.
In the course of the work, motor is pumped near vacuum with main disengagement chamber and secondary disengagement chamber, and the autonomous air inlet pipe 61 of air-flow that is mingled with dust gets into; Air-flow turns to the back to get into air inlet pipe 51 in described changeover portion 69 backs; The air-flow that is mingled with dust issues estranged leaving at centrifugal action through changeover portion 69 time, thick dirt is got rid of to the outside, and is mostly thin dirt near the dust at secondary separator air inlet place; The air-flow that is mingled with thin dirt in motor swabbing action lower part passes that through hole gets into secondary disengagement chamber on changeover portion 69 tube walls; Air-flow rotates in secondary disengagement chamber, and thin dirt is separated to secondary dust-collecting cavity, and clean gas is discharged from the exhaust Taper Pipe; Simultaneously, be mingled with thick dirt near the air-flows in the outside in the changeover portion 69 and continue to march forward and become owner of disengagement chamber and be rotated dust-separating, dust deposits main dust-collecting cavity in, and clean gas is discharged from exhaust outlet.
Fig. 9 and shown in Figure 10 be the third embodiment of the present invention; Difference with second embodiment in this embodiment is that changeover portion and secondary disengagement chamber close on side and form air inlet openings 80; Promptly inboard parts of fine dirt and air-flow directly are inhaled into eddy flow by air inlet openings 80 and form the chamber, get into secondary disengagement chamber rotation then and separate.
In sum; Cyclonic separation dust collect plant of the present invention adopts two parallelly connected separators of main separator and secondary separator, utilizes secondary separator to improve the filter effect to thin dirt; Avoid the formation of upper dust-ring in the main separator; Before getting into hepa, improve the separating effect of micronic dust simultaneously, can go and imitate the cleaning density that reduces hepa, improve use experience.
It is to be noted; Though be that separator with the vertical direction setting is that example describes during the foregoing description is described, what be readily appreciated that is, for the separator of horizontally set; Said structure is changed the effect that can realize embodiment according to the invention equally a little, repeat no more at this.
The above only is a preferred implementation of the present invention; Should be understood that; Say for those skilled in the art's rice, under the prerequisite that does not break away from the principle of the invention, can also make some improvement and retouching; As with the air inlet of changeover portion with through hole combines or with first embodiment and the second or the 3rd embodiment stack etc. that combines, these improvement and retouching also should be regarded as protection scope of the present invention.

Claims (8)

1. cyclonic separation dust collect plant is characterized in that: comprise main separator, being connected with main separator is connected in order to the secondary dust-collecting cavity of storage dust in order to the main dust-collecting cavity of storage dust, secondary separator with secondary separator; Described main separator comprises main disengagement chamber, air inlet pipe, dust-exhausting port, filter house and blast pipe; Described secondary separator comprises secondary disengagement chamber, air inlet pipe, dust fall pipe, is connected to the exhaust Taper Pipe of blast pipe; Described secondary separator and described main separator laterally arrange, and by pipeline main separator and secondary separator are connected.
2. cyclonic separation dust collect plant as claimed in claim 1; It is characterized in that: described secondary separator (20) is provided with described main separator (10) next-door neighbour; Tangential passage (18) is communicated with main separator (10) and secondary separator (20); Passage two ends, described tangential are tangent with main disengagement chamber and secondary disengagement chamber respectively, and the tangential passage constitutes the air inlet pipe of secondary disengagement chamber (20).
3. cyclonic separation dust collect plant as claimed in claim 2 is characterized in that: described tangential passage is arranged on main disengagement chamber inwall upside, and its width is at 2-6mm.
4. cyclonic separation dust collect plant as claimed in claim 1; It is characterized in that: formation circular arc or elliptic arc changeover portion (69) continued straight line extended to form main air inlet pipe (61) after the air inlet pipe of main separator (51) was extended one section forward; Secondary separator (60) is arranged between described changeover portion (69) and main disengagement chamber (55); The air inlet of described secondary disengagement chamber is arranged on changeover portion (69) respective side, on the changeover portion corresponding with air inlet (69) inwall, is formed with intensive through hole simultaneously.
5. cyclonic separation dust collect plant as claimed in claim 4 is characterized in that: changeover portion and secondary disengagement chamber close on side and form air inlet openings (80).
6. like claim 4 or 5 described cyclonic separation dust collect plants, it is characterized in that: the bending angle that forms between air inlet pipe (51) and main air inlet pipe (61) is greater than 90 degree.
7. like claim 4 or 5 described cyclonic separation dust collect plants, it is characterized in that: corresponding air inlet is provided with the scroll casing shape eddy flow and forms the chamber on described secondary disengagement chamber top.
8. like claim 1 or 4 described cyclonic separation dust collect plants, it is characterized in that: be provided with dust hood at described secondary separator and secondary laying dust chamber, described dust hood is for offering the umbrella-shaped structure in dust fall hole on every side.
CN2011100578022A 2011-03-10 2011-03-10 Cyclone separation dust collecting device Pending CN102670132A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN2011100578022A CN102670132A (en) 2011-03-10 2011-03-10 Cyclone separation dust collecting device

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN2011100578022A CN102670132A (en) 2011-03-10 2011-03-10 Cyclone separation dust collecting device

Publications (1)

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CN102670132A true CN102670132A (en) 2012-09-19

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Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105030155A (en) * 2015-07-21 2015-11-11 江苏大学 Cyclone dust collector
CN105457426A (en) * 2015-11-30 2016-04-06 胡国海 Filtering device
CN105615769A (en) * 2016-03-17 2016-06-01 苏州市春菊电器有限公司 HEPA installation fool-proof device of dust collector, air discharging mechanism and dust collector
US10736475B2 (en) 2015-11-10 2020-08-11 Techtronic Industries Co. Ltd. Handheld vacuum cleaner

Cited By (8)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105030155A (en) * 2015-07-21 2015-11-11 江苏大学 Cyclone dust collector
US10736475B2 (en) 2015-11-10 2020-08-11 Techtronic Industries Co. Ltd. Handheld vacuum cleaner
US10786126B2 (en) 2015-11-10 2020-09-29 Techtronic Industries Co. Ltd. Handheld vacuum cleaner
US11357370B2 (en) 2015-11-10 2022-06-14 Techtronic Industries Co. Ltd. Handheld vacuum cleaner
US11432690B2 (en) 2015-11-10 2022-09-06 Techtronic Industries Co. Ltd. Handheld vacuum cleaner
CN105457426A (en) * 2015-11-30 2016-04-06 胡国海 Filtering device
CN105615769A (en) * 2016-03-17 2016-06-01 苏州市春菊电器有限公司 HEPA installation fool-proof device of dust collector, air discharging mechanism and dust collector
CN105615769B (en) * 2016-03-17 2018-04-27 苏州市春菊电器有限公司 Dust catcher sea pa installation anti-misoperation device and air outlet mechanism and dust catcher

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Application publication date: 20120919