CN105903276A - Dust falling device - Google Patents

Dust falling device Download PDF

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Publication number
CN105903276A
CN105903276A CN201610436606.9A CN201610436606A CN105903276A CN 105903276 A CN105903276 A CN 105903276A CN 201610436606 A CN201610436606 A CN 201610436606A CN 105903276 A CN105903276 A CN 105903276A
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
plate
air
dust
flow
chamber
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
Application number
CN201610436606.9A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
王振民
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
SUZHOU JINGDA SANITATION EQUIPMENT CO Ltd
Original Assignee
SUZHOU JINGDA SANITATION EQUIPMENT CO Ltd
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by SUZHOU JINGDA SANITATION EQUIPMENT CO Ltd filed Critical SUZHOU JINGDA SANITATION EQUIPMENT CO Ltd
Priority to CN201610436606.9A priority Critical patent/CN105903276A/en
Publication of CN105903276A publication Critical patent/CN105903276A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B01PHYSICAL OR CHEMICAL PROCESSES OR APPARATUS IN GENERAL
    • B01DSEPARATION
    • B01D45/00Separating dispersed particles from gases or vapours by gravity, inertia, or centrifugal forces
    • B01D45/04Separating dispersed particles from gases or vapours by gravity, inertia, or centrifugal forces by utilising inertia
    • B01D45/08Separating dispersed particles from gases or vapours by gravity, inertia, or centrifugal forces by utilising inertia by impingement against baffle separators

Abstract

The invention provides a dust falling device. The dust falling device comprises a box, a bottom plate, a top plate, a set of side plates, an air inlet, an air outlet, at least one isolating plate and at least one baffling dust falling plate, wherein the pair of air inlet and the air outlet are oppositely formed in the side plates; the isolating plates are vertically arrayed in parallel and partition the box into multiple chambers; air flow through holes are formed between the chambers, and the chambers are communicated through the air flow through holes; the baffling dust falling plates are correspondingly arranged in all the chambers; air flow enters the air inlet, passes through all the chambers and finally passes through the air outlet, when passing through all the chambers, the air flow acts on the baffling dust falling plates first and then passes through the air flow through holes. The dust falling device has the advantages of being simple in structure, convenient to install and use, low in cost, low in energy consumption, excellent in dust removal effect and convenient to maintain.

Description

A kind of device for reducing dust
Technical field
The present invention relates to refuse sweeping, dust removal field, be specially a kind of device for reducing dust.
Background technology
At present, the purging system working environment very severe of road sweeper, the rubbish after cleaning When entering garbage collection box, the air pressure in its garbage collection box and purging system can be to whole purging system Cleaning works generation effect, causes air turbulence and windage etc., makes cleaning effect drastically reduce.Meanwhile, Not increasing air discharging mechanism, its rubbish cleaned will can not get effectively processing, and can cause serious air Pollute.Therefore, when air is discharged by garbage collection box, dust-falling mechanism can all be related to.
The device for reducing dust generally used mostly is conventional screen type, papery and fibrous material and filters.Use silk Net formula final dusting, specific collection area is little, can only filter bigger dust, causes fine ash dirt to pass through suction nozzle Road enters in fluid machinery casing, exacerbates the abrasion of cylinder body, and parts often carry out disintegrating cleaning, more Change.And using papery and fibrous material to filter, grit piles up easily blocking., there is frequency in silk screen filter dedusting Numerous shutdown changes filtering material, increases the natural defect of the labor intensity of workman.
Dust arrester is also adopted by the new technique mode dedusting such as electrostatic method, plasma method.Electrostatic precipitation utilizes height Pressure electrostatic field makes gas ionization so that dust particles is adsorbed onto the collecting method on electrode;Plasma method is By making the particulate matter in air charged, coalescence formed larger particles and settle, though its windage little to relatively Bulky grain and fiber trapping weak effect, can cause electric discharge, and cleaning trouble is time-consuming, and electrostatic precipitation is easily generated Ozone, is formed and pollutes;Plasma method can produce reentrainment of dust.The method is easy to use, greatly on a small scale The costs such as type dust arrester are the highest.
In part farm machinery, it is also adopted by centrifugal dust-settling technology.This technology is arranged in the air passageway Helical duct, makes air-flow form spiral air flow, utilizes the centrifugal force of granule to come more than the centrifugal force of air Composition is from air and granule etc., but to rubbish effects such as little particle dust commonly, is simply possible to use in extensive style Operation.
Adsorbing material dedusting is also one of technology being currently used for dedusting, and it utilizes material (such as activated carbon) High surface area and loose structure capture particulate pollutant, it is easy to blocking, for gas pollutant remove Effect is more notable, but relatively costly, is only suitable for the molecule of dust simultaneously.
Data shows, existing technology and method, and silk screen and INVENTIONPaper filter are in the application effect of small ash Little preferable, the method such as electrostatic method, plasma method, adsorbing material dedusting, in road sweeper field, becomes This is high, there is also the difficulty of maintenance.When the particle diameter of particulate matter is further continued for declining, filtration system Will become costly, along with the reduction of particle size increases with exponential form, and windage can be notable Increasing, energy consumption and efficiency significantly reduce.
Summary of the invention
For the problems referred to above, the invention provides a kind of device for reducing dust, solve in above-mentioned prior art one Kind or above technical problem.
The technical scheme realizing above-mentioned purpose is: a kind of device for reducing dust, including
One casing, including a base plate, a top board, one group of side plate and entering of being relatively located on side plate for a pair QI KOU, air vent;
At least one division board, the arrangement that is vertical and that be parallel to each other of all described division boards, by described casing It is separated into several chambers;There is between described chamber air-flow through hole, be interconnected by air-flow through hole;
At least one baffling depositing dust plate, correspondence is configured at each chamber;
Wherein, air-flow enters described air inlet, then respectively through each described chamber, finally by described Steam vent;When through each described chamber, first acting on described baffling depositing dust plate, then through described Air-flow through hole.
Further, described air-flow through hole is located between each described division board top margin and described top board.
Further, all described baffling depositing dust plates are arranged parallel to each other.
Further, each described baffling depositing dust plate top end is installed on described top board, and end puts in institute below State in chamber.
Further, the oblique lower section of each described baffling depositing dust plate is arranged, and its place plane and box bottom/
There is an angle in top board, described baffling depositing dust plate is in component direction and the air current flow direction of horizontal plane
Unanimously.
Further, described angle is in the range of 45 °~90 °.
Preferably, described angle is 60 °.
Further, described device for reducing dust also includes a pair runing rest, and described base plate is by described rotation Support is rotatably mounted to described side plate.
Further, described device for reducing dust also includes at least one journal stirrup, is arranged on the bottom surface of described base plate, For connecting outside jacking equipment, provide a rotatory force for described base plate.
After using the present invention, the effect removing particulates is the ten of traditional mechanical formula dedusting method More than Bei, the removal effect of bigger microgranule is reached more than 99%;Traditional mechanical formula dedusting cannot remove sky substantially Molecule in gas, dust removing effects of the present invention can reach 85%~more than 90%;Cost be about electrostatic precipitation and The 1/10 of plasma method dedusting;Dust removing effects is obvious, and the loss to dust arrester is the lowest, simultaneously attachment Considerably less, precipitate is after base plate discharges, and Clean after every is up to 100 working days, is bag-type dust etc. More than ten times of mode.Owing to using dividing plate centrifugal depositing dust mode, it is entirely avoided tradition dedusting method Windage;In sum, this device for reducing dust have simple in construction, easy to install, with low cost, The advantages such as energy consumption is low, dust removing effects is high, easy to maintenance.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is the device for reducing dust front view of the embodiment of the present invention.
Fig. 2 is the top view of Fig. 1.
Fig. 3 is the side view of Fig. 1.
1 casing;2 division boards;3 baffling depositing dust plates;
4 runing rests;5 journal stirrups;11 base plates;
12 top boards;13 side plates;14 air inlets;
15 air vents;21 chambers;22 air-flow through holes.
Detailed description of the invention
Embodiment, as shown in Fig. 1 to Fig. 3, a kind of device for reducing dust, including casing 1, an at least isolation Plate 2, at least one baffling depositing dust plate 3, a pair runing rest 4 and at least one journal stirrup 5.
Wherein, casing 1 includes 12, one group of side plate 13 of base plate 11, top board and relatively sets for a pair Air inlet 14 on side plate 13, air vent 15.Base plate 11 is rotatable by a pair runing rest 4 It is connected to the lower end of side plate 13.Journal stirrup 5 is arranged on the bottom surface of base plate 11, is used for connecting outside lifting and sets Standby, provide a rotatory force for base plate 11.
The arrangement that is vertical and that be parallel to each other of all division boards 2, is separated into several chambers 21 by casing 1. It is provided with air-flow through hole 22 between chamber 21, by air-flow through hole 22, is interconnected.All of chamber 21 Forming a chamber group, air inlet 14 is in the left side of chamber group, and air vent 15 is on the right side of chamber group. Air-flow through hole 22 is located between each division board 2 top end and casing 1 inner top surface (top board 12).Wherein, Each division board 2 be shaped as inverted Y-shaped, two legs of Y-shaped are connected with base plate 11.Often One division board 2 and three inner faces left and right, lower (two side plates and the medial surface of base plate) of casing 1 Seamless seal contacts, and is stopped the dust of postprecipitation, rubbish etc. for precipitating air-flow by baffling depositing dust plate 3.
Each baffling depositing dust plate 3 is arranged on each chamber 21 top.Baffling depositing dust plate about 3 and top with The medial surface of casing 1 is seamless with inner top surface to be contacted, and keeps sealing, each baffling depositing dust plate 3 following Side to the length of the inner top surface of casing 1 more than the length of air-flow through hole 22: its underpart stretch into division board 2 every In case.Thus form a wavy air-flow passageway.All baffling depositing dust plates 3 are arranged parallel to each other: Be conducive to the circulation of air-flow, the flow direction of air-flow will not be upset.Wherein, the upside of baffling depositing dust plate 3 While be arranged on casing 1 inner top surface, and the oblique lower section of baffling depositing dust plate 3 is arranged, baffling depositing dust plate 3 institute There is an angle at plane and base plate/top board, it is in the component direction of horizontal plane and airflow direction one Cause.The scope of angle is arranged on 49 °~90 °.In the present embodiment, use 60 ° of angles: be conducive to more The good dust stopped in air-flow, rubbish etc., be also beneficial to reduce windage.
When air-flow enters air inlet 14, then respectively through each chamber 21, finally by steam vent;Pass through During each chamber 21, first act on baffling depositing dust plate 3, then through air-flow through hole 22.
Air-flow is through the stop of baffling depositing dust plate 3, and dust entrained by air-flow, rubbish etc. are by action of gravity And decline precipitation, enter the bottom of chamber 21 after precipitation.After above-mentioned similar multiple action, each Chamber 21 carries out depositing dust process to air-flow, and last air-flow goes out along air vent 15 bank of tubes, it is achieved that refuse bin Interior air-flow depositing dust effect.
After completing depositing dust work, deposited a large amount of between chamber 21 that division board 2 is formed and base plate 11 Rubbish.Now, by runing rest 4 and the activity of lifting journal stirrup 5 of base plate 11, rubbish is discharged into Enter garbage collection box.Now, covering base plate 11, device for reducing dust works once again, it is achieved circulation work.
These are only presently preferred embodiments of the present invention, not in order to limit the present invention, all in the present invention Spirit and principle within any amendment, equivalent and the improvement etc. made, should be included in the present invention Protection domain within.

Claims (9)

1. a device for reducing dust, it is characterised in that include
One casing, including a base plate, a top board, one group of side plate and be relatively located at side plate a pair On air inlet, air vent;
At least one division board, the arrangement that is vertical and that be parallel to each other of all described division boards, by institute State casing and be separated into several chambers;There is between described chamber air-flow through hole, led to by air-flow Hole is interconnected;
At least one baffling depositing dust plate, correspondence is configured at each chamber;
Wherein, air-flow enters described air inlet, then respectively through each described chamber, finally leads to Cross described steam vent;When through each described chamber, first acting on described baffling depositing dust plate, Again through described air-flow through hole.
Device for reducing dust the most according to claim 1, it is characterised in that described air-flow leads to Hole is located between each described division board top end and described top board.
Device for reducing dust the most according to claim 1, it is characterised in that all described foldings Stream depositing dust plate is arranged parallel to each other.
4. according to the device for reducing dust described in claim 1-3, it is characterised in that each described Baffling depositing dust plate top end is installed on described top board, and end puts in described chamber below.
Device for reducing dust the most according to claim 4, it is characterised in that each described folding The stream oblique lower section of depositing dust plate is arranged, and its place plane and box bottom/top board exist an angle, Described baffling depositing dust plate is consistent with air current flow direction at the component direction of horizontal plane.
Device for reducing dust the most according to claim 5, it is characterised in that described angle Scope is 45 °~90 °.
Device for reducing dust the most according to claim 6, it is characterised in that described angle is 60°。
Device for reducing dust the most according to claim 1, it is characterised in that also include a pair Runing rest, described base plate is rotatably mounted to described side plate by described runing rest.
Device for reducing dust the most according to claim 2, it is characterised in that also include at least One journal stirrup, is arranged on the bottom surface of described base plate, is used for connecting outside jacking equipment, for the described end Plate provides a rotatory force.
CN201610436606.9A 2016-06-17 2016-06-17 Dust falling device Pending CN105903276A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201610436606.9A CN105903276A (en) 2016-06-17 2016-06-17 Dust falling device

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201610436606.9A CN105903276A (en) 2016-06-17 2016-06-17 Dust falling device

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN105903276A true CN105903276A (en) 2016-08-31

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Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN201610436606.9A Pending CN105903276A (en) 2016-06-17 2016-06-17 Dust falling device

Country Status (1)

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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN109865371A (en) * 2019-03-05 2019-06-11 溧阳市金牛环保机械有限公司 Dedusting filter device

Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN201357018Y (en) * 2009-02-26 2009-12-09 上海宝钢工程技术有限公司 Low resistance inertial dust separator
CN103017554A (en) * 2012-11-29 2013-04-03 郭丰亮 Biomass crucible furnace with inertia force dust remover
US20140033917A1 (en) * 2012-07-31 2014-02-06 Suncoke Technology And Development Llc Methods for handling coal processing emissions and associated systems and devices
CN103861386A (en) * 2014-01-01 2014-06-18 周汉忠 Dust removal airway
CN205913889U (en) * 2016-06-17 2017-02-01 苏州市京达环卫设备有限公司 Dust -settling device

Patent Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN201357018Y (en) * 2009-02-26 2009-12-09 上海宝钢工程技术有限公司 Low resistance inertial dust separator
US20140033917A1 (en) * 2012-07-31 2014-02-06 Suncoke Technology And Development Llc Methods for handling coal processing emissions and associated systems and devices
CN103017554A (en) * 2012-11-29 2013-04-03 郭丰亮 Biomass crucible furnace with inertia force dust remover
CN103861386A (en) * 2014-01-01 2014-06-18 周汉忠 Dust removal airway
CN205913889U (en) * 2016-06-17 2017-02-01 苏州市京达环卫设备有限公司 Dust -settling device

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN109865371A (en) * 2019-03-05 2019-06-11 溧阳市金牛环保机械有限公司 Dedusting filter device
CN109865371B (en) * 2019-03-05 2021-09-21 溧阳市金牛环保机械有限公司 Filter device for dust removal

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Application publication date: 20160831

RJ01 Rejection of invention patent application after publication