CN103255872A - Hollow building block - Google Patents

Hollow building block Download PDF

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Publication number
CN103255872A
CN103255872A CN2012100384197A CN201210038419A CN103255872A CN 103255872 A CN103255872 A CN 103255872A CN 2012100384197 A CN2012100384197 A CN 2012100384197A CN 201210038419 A CN201210038419 A CN 201210038419A CN 103255872 A CN103255872 A CN 103255872A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
building
block
junction plate
brick
hollow building
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Pending
Application number
CN2012100384197A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
耿永田
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耿永田
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Application filed by 耿永田 filed Critical 耿永田
Priority to CN2012100384197A priority Critical patent/CN103255872A/en
Publication of CN103255872A publication Critical patent/CN103255872A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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Abstract

The invention discloses a hollow building block. The large hollow building block having a thin thickness is preformed through a step of using broken stones, cobbles, gangues, sands, waste concrete blocks, brick dregs, and various decoration stone leftovers as aggregates, a step of adding certain proportions of cement and fly ash, and a step of mechanically stirring. When a wall is built, a method comprising a step of firstly putting hollow building blocks and secondly pouring a motor is adopted to form a seamless solid wall body, so the strength, the sound insulation and the heat insulation of the wall body are increased; and prime ribs comprising fine moso bamboos, bamboo chips, rattans, wickers and the like can be added into the wall body to form a prime rib wall body, so the tensile strength of the wall body is increased, and the shock resistance of a house is improved.

Description

Building-block
Technical field
The present invention relates to the bearing wall building materials that a kind of brick mix structure is used, adopt materials such as rubble, sand, cement, flyash to make the thinner building-block of wall thickness, this thin-walled hollow building block abbreviates building-block as.According to the special construction of building-block, provide a kind of new method construction body of wall.
Background technology
Used brick to build the house during " Qin brick and Han tile " the words explanation Qin Dynasty, the Great Wall builds up with brick, and the today after more than 2000 year, we build the house with brick equally.Except some variation of size of brick, its shape does not change for a long time, and brick is solid rectangle.The standard size of modern brick is: length is 240mm, and width is 115mm, and thickness is 53mm.The job practices of body of wall does not have change in essence, all is " putting brick behind the slurry of stand earlier ", and brick and brick are connected to form masonry by various slurries (slurries that Rice ﹠ peanut milk and lime are formed, the slurries that lime and sand are formed, the slurries that cement and sand are formed).The use of brick has surpassed 2000, and the most rural area of China also building the house with brick, and invention of this proof brick is the invention of a greatness.But brick also has many deficiencies: 1. the raw material of brick are clay, in order to fetch earth, can destroy a large amount of farmlands, limit the production of loam brick for the country that protects farmland has taked all measures, but produce little effect.Trace it to its cause, the substitute products of bearing wall building materials are few, and substitute products or price height or intensity are low, and what be subjected to price factor and traditional concept influences people's more options loam brick.Can't allow mortar be full of slit between brick and the brick fully when 2. building by laying bricks or stones, in order to guarantee the compactness of body of wall, country's [code for construction and acceptance of masonry structure engineering] 6.2.2 bar regulation: " plumpness of masonry horizontal mortar joint; must not calculate by net area and to be lower than 90%; vertically ash meets plumpness must not be lower than 80% ", in practical operation, the horizontal mortar joint plumpness can reach 80%, vertical ash meets plumpness to be difficult to reach 60%, body of wall has many spaces like this, reduces body of wall weight capacity and heat-insulating property.3. the quality of masonry panel is relevant with operator's technical level, and it is just quite a lot of that the high person of level controls planeness and the verticality of body of wall, otherwise then poorer.4. because the volume of brick is less, and the surface of wall of building by laying bricks or stones is coarse, and whole wall leveling degree is relatively poor, in order to improve comfort level and attractive in appearance, interior wall face need whitewash.
Summary of the invention
For intensity and the compactness that improves body of wall, reduce the expense of materials for wall, improve the building wall efficiency of construction, the advantage of performance instrument is protected farmland, and invents a kind of building-block as the building materials replacement brick of bearing wall.Use materials such as rubble, sand, broken concrete, gangue, cement, flyash, perhaps only make building-block with sand and cement.Building-block is made up of outer wall, junction plate, shrouding, and inside is hollow.The thickness of outer wall is 25mm, and the thickness of junction plate is 30mm.A trapezoidal groove is arranged at junction plate top, and a trapezoidal groove is also arranged at the junction plate bottom.Be in the junction plate at building-block two ends, the lateral surface of junction plate is 50mm to the distance of outer wall end.Building-block profile thickness is two kinds of specifications of 200mm, 250mm; Highly be two kinds of specifications of 200mm, 300mm; Length is radix with 300mm, increases progressively the building-block that forms plurality of specifications length according to the modulus of 50mm, should and highly select the building-block of different size for use according to the length of wall during masonry panel.The standard type building-block is made up of two outer walls, two or more junction plates, and the standard type building-block is used in the middle part of body of wall.Non-standard building-block is made up of outer wall, junction plate, shrouding, and non-standard building-block is used in the corner of wall or the limit of door and window.
The technical solution adopted for the present invention to solve the technical problems is: change the conventional construction method of " putting brick behind the slurry of stand earlier ", adopt and put building-block earlier, the job practices of post-grouting is come masonry panel, and " slurry " of perfusion usefulness is cement mortar or concrete.The job practices of building-block is, puts one deck building-block, uses special-purpose clamp to fix, the control displacement of building-block and leaking of slurries; Cement injection mortar or concrete, vibrating by machinery makes slurries closely knit, is connected to form masonry with building-block.
Guarantee the compactness of body of wall, improve intensity and the heat-insulating property of body of wall: when putting building-block, the side of two horizontal building-block outer walls is in contact with one another, and the junction plate of two building-blocks is contact not, two junction plates form a vertical cavity at a distance of 100mm; When two-layer building-block connects up and down, end face and the bottom surface of two building-block outer walls are in contact with one another, their junction plate does not contact, junction plate has a trapezoidal groove up and down, building-block inside forms the cavity of a horizontal direction like this, and be interconnected with vertical cavity and the hollow of building-block itself, run through whole body of wall, after pouring into cement mortar or concrete, the cement mortar that can flow or concrete can be full of institute and have living space, by mechanical vibration compacting, after treating cement mortar or concrete setting, building-block and cement mortar or concrete become one, and form seamless solid wall, reach the intensity and the sound-insulating performance that improve body of wall.
Increase the body of wall tensile property: in the level cavity that body of wall connects, can put into the bigger plain muscle of diameter, as fine, soft fur bamboo, the bamboo chip of riving, rattan, the twigs of the chaste tree etc., add the tensile property that plain muscle can increase body of wall, improve the shock resistance in house.
The invention has the beneficial effects as follows
Scope of selecting material is wide, leftover bits and pieces of rubble, cobble, sand, gangue, discarded concrete block, brick slag, various decorative stone etc. can be as aggregate, form compound by mixing with cement and flyash, these compounds can be used as the material of building-block and grouting.Raw material drawing is easy, can twice laid, without clay, protect farmland.
Change traditional wall construction method, allow " Qin brick and Han tile " to become history.Adopt new job practices, guarantee the compactness of body of wall, intensity and the heat preservation and soundproof performance of raising body of wall.
Building-block inside can form a bigger connection cavity, and plain muscle can be set in the cavity, increases the tensile property of body of wall by plain muscle.The bamboo chip that fine, soft fur bamboo, big bamboo are split into, rattan, the twigs of the chaste tree, wicker, purple Chinese scholartree bar etc. can be drawn materials easily as the material of plain muscle, can gather materials on the spot, and low price or need not spend can improve the anti-seismic performance in house with lower expense.
The working procedure of building-block masonry panel is: pendulum building-block-installation clip-grouting-machinery vibrates-proofreaies and correct-the clamp dismounting.Putting the operational forces worker that building-block, clamp are fixed, are in the milk, are vibrated, clamp is removed can both do, and the skilled worker is responsible for the position that various building-blocks are put, and checks verticality and the planeness of body of wall, if any deviation, proofreaies and correct with rubber hammer.Based on the power worker, the skilled worker instructs during operation, and skilled worker can be with 4~6 power workers (when building common brick wall by laying bricks or stones, a power worker provides mortar for two skilled workers), and construction easily, efficient is high, can effectively reduce labour cost.
Fine sand in the cement mortar of perfusion usefulness, most of area has, and price comparison is low, and particularly desert area is sand everywhere, does not need to spend money on.The price height of building-block, but the volume of building-block accounts for 33% of body of wall volume; Grouting material expense is low, account for 67%, two kind of material price of body of wall volume comprehensive after, reduced the Master Cost of whole body of wall.The expense of hollow concrete block wall material is than the expense low 10%~40% of loam brick materials for wall.
Building-block is made in factory, and its surface can be done smoothly and be smooth, and the apparent size deviation is little, because building-block appearance and size is big, utilizes special-purpose clamp to control again, it is more smooth that metope can be done, metope does not need to whitewash, and interior wall can directly be criticized putty; After exterior wall carried out jointing, the similar subsides bulk of its effect face brick can not only reduce working procedure, and can significantly reduce the construction cost of building.
Use the building-block masonry panel have intensity height, sound-insulating performance good, reduce working procedure, construction is simple, efficiency of construction is high, appearance effect good, expense is low, do not destroy the arable land, meet advantage such as national policy, but weak point is arranged also.Building-block can not be cut apart, and needs the building-block of production plurality of specifications during making, and high to the machinery requirement of processing building-block, mould specification is many.Design is during body of wall, and the spacing between two walls should be the modulus of 100mm, will calculate specification and the quantity of every fan body of wall use building-block before the construction, and the technology of construction technical staff is had certain requirement.
Description of drawings
Fig. 1 is the vertical view of standard type building-block of the present invention:
Fig. 2 is the lateral view of standard type building-block of the present invention:
Fig. 3 is the A---A sectional drawing of Fig. 1:
Fig. 4 is the vertical view of the non-standard building-block of the present invention:
Fig. 5 is the lateral view of the non-standard building-block of the present invention:
Fig. 6 is the B---B sectional drawing of Fig. 4:
Fig. 7 is hollow concrete block wall outside drawing of the present invention:
Fig. 8 is the C---C sectional drawing of Fig. 7:
Fig. 9 is the D--D sectional drawing of Fig. 7:
Figure 10 is the E---E sectional drawing of Fig. 7:
1. outer walls among the figure, 2. junction plate, 3. shrouding, 4. standard type building-block, 5. vertical cavity, 6. non-standard building-block, 7. level cavity, 8. plain muscle.
The specific embodiment
Below in conjunction with accompanying drawing and example in detail the present invention is described in detail.
Shown in Fig. 1-8, a kind of building-block comprises by outer wall (1), junction plate (2), shrouding (3) and forming.Standard type building-block (4) is made up of outer wall (1) and junction plate (2), is applicable to the middle part of body of wall.Non-standard building-block (6) is made up of outer wall (1), junction plate (2), shrouding (3), is used in corner, the door and window hole place of body of wall, the edge of body of wall.
The junction plate at building-block two ends (2) apart from the end 50mm of outer wall (1), after two horizontal building-block butt joints, forms a vertical cavity (5).A trapezoidal groove is arranged above the junction plate (2), a trapezoidal groove is also arranged below the junction plate (2), up and down after the two-layer building-block contact, the inner level cavity (7) that forms a connection of body of wall.Level cavity (7) is interconnected with each vertical cavity (5) and the hollow of building-block, and after pouring into the slurries that can flow, slurries can fill up all spaces, form seamless body of wall.
In the level cavity (7) of body of wall inside, can straighten the bigger plain muscle (8) in footpath, and every layer can both arrange plain muscle (8), form a plain muscle (8) body of wall, the resistance to tension of increase body of wall.
Specific operation process of the present invention is as follows:
During masonry panel, on the basis, put one deck building-block earlier, be placed with the non-standard building-block (6) of shrouding (3) in the corner of door and window hole and body of wall, come levelling by level gauge or horizontal tube, allow building-block above be on the horizon, (note: can not fill building-block during grouting to the inner cement injection mortar of building-block or concrete, be poured into the position that also has 50mm apart from the building-block end face), vibrate with vibrating head and to make it closely knit, by drawing linen thread to check the straight of body of wall, finish the construction of one deck building-block.Put second layer building-block then, in building-block, be in the milk again to prevent leaking of building-block dislocation and slurries with special-purpose clamp is fixing, use mechanical vibration compacting.According to the construction sequence of putting one deck building-block, fixation clamp, being in the milk, vibrating, masonry panel in layer.Place plain muscle (8) if desired, under putting, before one deck building-block, plain muscle (8) is placed in the completed building-block, formin muscle body of wall, the tensile property of increase body of wall.

Claims (2)

1. a building-block comprises by outer wall (1), junction plate (2), shrouding (3) and forming, and it is characterized in that: described standard type building-block (4) is made of outer wall (1) and junction plate (2); It is characterized in that: described non-standard building-block (6) is made of outer wall (1), junction plate (2), shrouding (3).
2. building-block according to claim 1 is characterized in that: a trapezoidal groove is arranged above the described junction plate (2), a trapezoidal groove is also arranged below the junction plate (2); The junction plate at building-block two ends (2) is 50mm to the distance of outer wall (1) end; When two building-block levels connected, two junction plates (2) were at a distance of 100mm, and two outer walls (1) and junction plate (2) form a vertical cavity (5); When two building-blocks connect up and down, trapezoidal groove and outer wall (1) by junction plate (2) form a level cavity (7) that connects body of wall, level cavity (7) is communicated with each vertical cavity (5) and the hollow of building-block, after pouring into the slurries that can flow, slurries can be full of institute and have living space, by mechanical vibration compacting, form seamless solid wall; In level cavity (7), put into plain muscle (8), energy formin muscle body of wall, the tensile property of increase body of wall.
CN2012100384197A 2012-02-21 2012-02-21 Hollow building block Pending CN103255872A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN2012100384197A CN103255872A (en) 2012-02-21 2012-02-21 Hollow building block

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
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Publication Number Publication Date
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Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103899029A (en) * 2014-04-16 2014-07-02 许昌金科建筑清运有限公司 Connecting structure of adjacent three building blocks in break joint masonry and reinforced masonry of connecting structure
WO2015074519A1 (en) * 2013-11-19 2015-05-28 周世华 Light heat-insulation wall
CN106760048A (en) * 2017-01-13 2017-05-31 贵州兴贵恒远新型建材有限公司 A kind of wall and its production method

Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3817013A (en) * 1971-08-26 1974-06-18 D Selby Insulated concrete block
CN2223759Y (en) * 1995-01-25 1996-04-03 郭景阳 Light wt. concrete hollow brick unit
CN201896392U (en) * 2010-09-17 2011-07-13 北京仁创科技集团有限公司 Wall body and building block for same
CN201896393U (en) * 2010-09-17 2011-07-13 北京仁创科技集团有限公司 Wall body masonry block and wall corner
CN201952967U (en) * 2010-11-23 2011-08-31 山东科技大学 U-shaped hollow wall corner building block

Patent Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3817013A (en) * 1971-08-26 1974-06-18 D Selby Insulated concrete block
CN2223759Y (en) * 1995-01-25 1996-04-03 郭景阳 Light wt. concrete hollow brick unit
CN201896392U (en) * 2010-09-17 2011-07-13 北京仁创科技集团有限公司 Wall body and building block for same
CN201896393U (en) * 2010-09-17 2011-07-13 北京仁创科技集团有限公司 Wall body masonry block and wall corner
CN201952967U (en) * 2010-11-23 2011-08-31 山东科技大学 U-shaped hollow wall corner building block

Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
WO2015074519A1 (en) * 2013-11-19 2015-05-28 周世华 Light heat-insulation wall
CN103899029A (en) * 2014-04-16 2014-07-02 许昌金科建筑清运有限公司 Connecting structure of adjacent three building blocks in break joint masonry and reinforced masonry of connecting structure
CN103899029B (en) * 2014-04-16 2017-01-18 许昌金科资源再生股份有限公司 Connecting structure of adjacent three building blocks in break joint masonry and reinforced masonry of connecting structure
CN106760048A (en) * 2017-01-13 2017-05-31 贵州兴贵恒远新型建材有限公司 A kind of wall and its production method

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Application publication date: 20130821

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