CN103213800A - Automatic stereoscopic warehouse unit cargo self-aligning storage platform and alignment method thereof - Google Patents

Automatic stereoscopic warehouse unit cargo self-aligning storage platform and alignment method thereof Download PDF

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Publication number
CN103213800A
CN103213800A CN2013101644675A CN201310164467A CN103213800A CN 103213800 A CN103213800 A CN 103213800A CN 2013101644675 A CN2013101644675 A CN 2013101644675A CN 201310164467 A CN201310164467 A CN 201310164467A CN 103213800 A CN103213800 A CN 103213800A
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China
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goods
platform
unit
connect
righting board
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CN2013101644675A
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CN103213800B (en
Inventor
李欣
温秉权
王宾
叶鹏
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Military Transportation University of PLA
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Military Transportation University of PLA
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Abstract

The invention discloses an automatic stereoscopic warehouse unit cargo self-aligning storage platform which comprises a frame, a conveying mechanism which is arranged on the frame and is used for bearing unit cargos and conveying the cargos forwards; and the storage platform also comprises a cargo collection platform which is arranged in the middle of a cargo inlet end of the conveying mechanism and on which a weight sensor is arranged, a correction mechanism which is arranged on two sides of the cargo collection platform, and a controller; the cargo collection platform is driven and can move up and down vertically; the centering mechanism comprises a left centering plate and a right centering plate which are respectively arranged on two sides of the cargo collection platform; and the left centering plate and the right centering plate can be driven to synchronously move reversely. Meanwhile, the invention also discloses an adjusting method thereof. By employing a lifting type cargo collection platform, the cargo collection position is lifted, limitation of the transverse baffles on two sides is avoided, the forklift is only required to be approximately aligned during delivery, the correction mechanism is driven to finish centralization and alignment in the process of descending the cargo collection platform, the time, labor and work are saved, and the cost and labor requirements are reduced.

Description

Automatic stereowarehouse unit goods is aligned storage station and regulation method thereof automatically
Technical field
The present invention relates to the storage facility technical field of machinery, particularly relate to a kind of automatic stereowarehouse unit goods and align storage station and goods regulation method thereof automatically.
Background technology
Automatic stereowarehouse is also named the automated three-dimensional storage, and it utilizes tiered warehouse facility equipment can realize the high-rise rationalization in warehouse, the access automation, and easy and simple to handleization: automatic stereowarehouse is the higher form of the present art.The main body of automatic stereowarehouse is by shelf, the laneway type stakcer crane, goes into (going out) storehouse bench board and transports (going out) automatically and operation control system is formed.Shelf are building or structures of steel structure or reinforced concrete structure, are space, standard-sized goods yard in the shelf, and aisle stacking crane navigates within the tunnel between the shelf, finishes the work that deposits, withdraws goods.
Roller bed type or chain-linked conveyer formula storage station are one of major equipments of delivery system before the automatic stereowarehouse storehouse, be positioned at delivery system front end before the storehouse, it is the transfer platform of unit goods, externally realize that with fork truck the unit goods docks, internally link to each other, during the unit goods warehousing, typically use fork truck and will organize the unit goods of good dish and be put on the storage station with transport trolley, after size, weight detecting are qualified, reprint to transport trolley and put in storage automatically.
Figure 1 shows that the structural representation of the chain-linked conveyer storage station of prior art.As shown in Figure 1, fixed stop 4 and measuring unit goods width and planer-type testing stand 5 highly that existing chain-linked conveyer formula storage station comprises frame 1, is arranged on the unit goods chain 2 of frame 1 both sides, is arranged on the crosswise fixed baffle plate 3 in the goods chain outside, unit and is horizontally installed on the frame feed end, described testing stand is provided with height sensor and width sensor etc.
But the scope of operation of existing automatic stereowarehouse storage station, promptly spacing and the pallet between two crosswise fixed baffle plates is wide, when actual in-stockroom operation, normally a people observes, the one man operation fork truck often needs to adjust repeatedly the parking stall and just can align the warehouse-in mouth, has influenced warehouse-in efficiency, and too much rely on workman's technical merit, increased cost of labor greatly.
Summary of the invention
The objective of the invention is at the technological deficiency that exists in the prior art, and provide a kind of fork truck and its handing-over simple, reduce the automatic stereowarehouse unit goods of cost of labor and align storage station and regulation method thereof automatically.
For realizing that the technical scheme that purpose of the present invention adopts is:
A kind of automatic stereowarehouse unit goods is aligned storage station automatically, comprise frame, be arranged on the frame in order to load-carrying unit goods and the conveying mechanism that is fed forward, also comprise and be arranged on that conveying mechanism is stocked up in the middle of the end and it is provided with weight sensor connects the goods platform, be arranged on the straightening mechanism and the controller that connect goods platform both sides, described controller with connect goods flat-bed weight sensor holding signal and be connected, simultaneously described controller with connect goods platform and righting mechanism control linkage, the described goods platform that connects is driven and can be moved vertically, described righting mechanism comprises and is separately positioned on left righting board and the right righting board that connects goods platform both sides that described left righting board and right righting board can be driven synchronous backward and move.
Described connect that the goods flat-bed drives can be by drivings such as cylinder, oil cylinder or feed screw nuts, described left and right sides righting board also can be by direct controls such as cylinder, motors simultaneously.
Described conveying mechanism is a chain-type, and the described goods platform that connects is arranged in the middle of two chains.
Described conveying mechanism is a roller bed type, described connect the goods platform be arranged on stock up the end two adjacent rollers between.
Describedly connect that goods flat-bed driver train comprises drive motor, the turbine and worm mechanism that is in transmission connection with described drive motor and can drive the described screw-drive mechanism that the goods platform moves vertically that connects.
The driver train of described left righting board and right righting board comprises the left-right turning screw rod that is spirally connected respectively at described left righting board and right righting board, and described left-right turning screw rod and described drive motor can be in transmission connection.
The place ahead at described frame both sides, straightening mechanism is provided with transverse baffle.
A kind of automatic stereowarehouse unit goods is aligned the regulation method of storage station automatically, may further comprise the steps:
1) before stocking up, will connect the goods platform and rise to the extreme higher position, righting board spacing maximum;
2) the unit goods is placed on connects on the goods platform, weight sensor senses the unit goods and exists and send signal and give controller, and controller control connects the goods platform and descends, and controls left and right righting board simultaneously to the same moved further in centre;
3) connect the goods platform and sink to the conveying mechanism below and the unit goods is delivered the conveying mechanism carrying, the centering levelling is finished in both sides, left and right righting board clamping unit goods chassis simultaneously;
4) starting conveying mechanism is fed forward the unit goods;
5) when the unit goods leave fully connect goods platform top after, controller control connects the goods platform and righting mechanism is returned to described position of the 1st step.
Compared with prior art, the invention has the beneficial effects as follows:
The act formula connects the goods platform in the employing, connecing the goods yard puts and raises, broken away from both sides transverse baffle restriction, only needing general alignment to place during fork truck delivery gets final product, in the process that connects the decline of goods platform, drive the righting mechanism action then and finish align center, utilize controller can realize automation control, automatically detect and connect the goods state and control centering, by increasing the automatic alignment function of storage station, realize that the disposable unit goods between fork truck and storage station is transplanted, simplified the delivery step of storage station, solve the difficult problem of unit goods reprinting between the two, improve warehouse-in efficiency and automatization level, time saving and energy saving saving of labor, cost-cutting and recruitment requirement.
As preferred version, utilize a drive motor to realize delivery platform and righting mechanism synchronization action, reduce control apparatus spare and use, simplify controlled step, the transmission of complete mechanical formula improves stability and reliability, reducing environment influences it, and cost is lower, is widely used in various environment.
Simultaneously above-mentioned control method control is simple, and full automation effectively improves the centering accuracy, reduces manual request, improves transfer rate.
Description of drawings
Figure 1 shows that the structural representation of the chain-linked conveyer storage station of prior art;
Figure 2 shows that the structural representation of chain-linked conveyer storage station of the present invention;
Figure 3 shows that principle schematic shown in Figure 2.
The specific embodiment
Below in conjunction with the drawings and specific embodiments the present invention is described in further detail.Should be appreciated that specific embodiment described herein only in order to explanation the present invention, and be not used in qualification the present invention.
As shown in Figures 2 and 3, automatic stereowarehouse of the present invention unit goods is aligned storage station automatically, comprise frame 10, be arranged on the frame in order to load-carrying unit goods and the chain 12 that is fed forward, also comprise be arranged on two chains stock up the end in the middle of connecing goods platform 16 and being arranged on the straightening mechanism that connects goods platform 16 both sides, described connect be provided with on the goods platform weight sensor 17 and by weight sensor signal change to be driven vertically and move, described righting mechanism comprises and is separately positioned on left righting board 19 and the right righting board 18 that connects goods platform both sides, described left righting board and right righting board can be driven synchronous backward and be moved, described storage station also comprises controller, controller with connect goods flat-bed weight sensor holding signal and be connected, simultaneously controller with connect goods platform and righting mechanism control linkage.The place ahead at described frame both sides, straightening mechanism is provided with transverse baffle 13, and to align operation back transverse baffle 13 spacing with the unit goods finishing, and prevents that it is offset in transport process.
Wherein, describedly connect that goods flat-bed driver train comprises drive motor 21, the turbine and worm mechanism that is in transmission connection with described drive motor and can drive the described screw-drive mechanism that the goods platform moves vertically that connects.The driver train of described left righting board and right righting board comprises the left-right turning screw rod that is spirally connected respectively at described left righting board and right righting board, and described left-right turning screw rod and described drive motor can be in transmission connection.
Specifically, the worm screw 22 of described worm-and-wheel gear is connected with described drive motor 21 output shafts, simultaneously be provided with transmission gear 23 at described worm screw 22 ends, the axle of the turbine 24 of described turbine and worm mechanism is passed to screw-drive mechanism 25 with motion, and screw-drive mechanism 25 drives promptly that to connect the goods platform vertically mobile up and down.Worm-and-wheel gear has two effects: the one, and self-locking action can guarantee that the pallet 30 that is loaded with the unit goods is put into when connecing on the goods platform 16, can not make because of the deadweight of unit goods to connect the decline of goods platform; The 2nd, deceleration effort, the higher rotation speed of worm screw 22 can guarantee to connect the steady lifting of goods platform after worm gear 24 slows down.
The leading screw of described left-right turning screw rod 29 and right-hand screw thread left-handed for two ends are respectively arranged with, left and right sides righting board is provided with the nut that matches simultaneously.Be provided with and transmission gear 23 ingears second transmission gear 26 at described left and right leading screw one end that revolves simultaneously.Can realize by two gear meshing transmissions that drive motor drives simultaneously and connect the action of goods platform and left and right righting board, when connecing the goods platform and arrive extreme lower position, left and right righting board is nearest mutually, thereby the position aligns when guaranteeing that pallet is put on the chain.
Above-mentioned automatic stereowarehouse unit goods is aligned the regulation method of storage station automatically, may further comprise the steps:
1) before stocking up, will connect the goods platform and rise to the extreme higher position, left and right righting board spacing maximum;
2) the unit goods is placed on connects on the goods platform, weight sensor senses the unit goods and exists and send signal and give controller, and controller control connects the goods platform and descends, and the left and right sides righting board of controlling both sides simultaneously is to the same moved further in centre;
3) connect the goods platform and sink to the conveying mechanism below and the unit goods is delivered the conveying mechanism carrying, the centering levelling is finished in both sides, righting board clamping unit goods chassis, both sides simultaneously;
4) starting conveying mechanism is fed forward the unit goods;
5) when leaving fully, the unit goods connects the goods platform after connecing goods platform top and righting board is returned to the described position of the first step.
Above-mentioned control realizes by controller, controller with connect goods flat-bed weight sensor holding signal and be connected, simultaneously controller with connect goods platform and righting mechanism control linkage, can realize that by controller whole automations carry out, improve intelligently, reduce manually participating in, reduce cost of labor.
The above only is a preferred implementation of the present invention; should be pointed out that for those skilled in the art, under the prerequisite that does not break away from the principle of the invention; can also make some improvements and modifications, these improvements and modifications also should be considered as protection scope of the present invention.

Claims (7)

1. an automatic stereowarehouse unit goods is aligned storage station automatically, comprise frame, be arranged on the frame in order to load-carrying unit goods and the conveying mechanism that is fed forward, it is characterized in that, also comprise and be arranged on that conveying mechanism is stocked up in the middle of the end and it is provided with weight sensor connects the goods platform, be arranged on the straightening mechanism and the controller that connect goods platform both sides, described controller with connect goods flat-bed weight sensor holding signal and be connected, simultaneously described controller with connect goods platform and righting mechanism control linkage, the described goods platform that connects is driven and can be moved vertically, described righting mechanism comprises and is separately positioned on left righting board and the right righting board that connects goods platform both sides that described left righting board and right righting board can be driven synchronous backward and move.
2. automatic stereowarehouse as claimed in claim 1 unit goods is aligned storage station automatically, it is characterized in that, described conveying mechanism is a chain-type, and the described goods platform that connects is arranged in the middle of two chains.
3. automatic stereowarehouse as claimed in claim 1 unit goods is aligned storage station automatically, it is characterized in that, described conveying mechanism is a roller bed type, described connect the goods platform be arranged on stock up the end two adjacent rollers between.
4. align storage station automatically as claim 2 or 3 described automatic stereowarehouse unit goods, it is characterized in that, describedly connect that goods flat-bed driver train comprises drive motor, the turbine and worm mechanism that is in transmission connection with described drive motor and can drive the described screw-drive mechanism that the goods platform moves vertically that connects.
5. automatic stereowarehouse as claimed in claim 4 unit goods is aligned storage station automatically, it is characterized in that, the driver train of described left righting board and right righting board comprises the left-right turning screw rod that is spirally connected respectively at described left righting board and right righting board, and described left-right turning screw rod and described drive motor can be in transmission connection.
6. automatic stereowarehouse as claimed in claim 5 unit goods is aligned storage station automatically, it is characterized in that, is provided with transverse baffle in the place ahead of described frame both sides, straightening mechanism.
7. an automatic stereowarehouse as claimed in claim 1 unit goods is aligned the unit goods regulation method of storage station automatically, it is characterized in that, may further comprise the steps:
1) before stocking up, will connect the goods platform and rise to the extreme higher position, righting board spacing maximum;
2) the unit goods is placed on connects on the goods platform, weight sensor senses the unit goods and exists and send signal and give controller, and controller control connects the goods platform and descends, and controls left and right righting board simultaneously to the same moved further in centre;
3) connect the goods platform and sink to the conveying mechanism below and the unit goods is delivered the conveying mechanism carrying, the centering levelling is finished in both sides, left and right righting board clamping unit goods chassis simultaneously;
4) starting conveying mechanism is fed forward the unit goods;
5) when the unit goods leave fully connect goods platform top after, controller control connects the goods platform and righting mechanism is returned to described position of the 1st step.
CN201310164467.5A 2013-05-07 2013-05-07 Automatic stereoscopic warehouse unit cargo self-aligning storage platform and alignment method thereof Expired - Fee Related CN103213800B (en)

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Cited By (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN106256693A (en) * 2015-06-19 2016-12-28 金东纸业(江苏)股份有限公司 Sandwich grade moves apparatus for correcting
CN108229871A (en) * 2016-12-21 2018-06-29 比亚迪股份有限公司 Warehoused cargo management-control method and system
CN111792250A (en) * 2019-04-05 2020-10-20 雷蒙德股份有限公司 Conveyor cart alignment system and method
CN112793982A (en) * 2021-03-25 2021-05-14 罗伯泰克自动化科技(苏州)有限公司 Stacker goods taking and placing system and application method thereof
CN113371377A (en) * 2021-06-16 2021-09-10 中船重工海为郑州高科技有限公司 Intelligent cargo carrying platform

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CN2792216Y (en) * 2005-05-19 2006-07-05 云南昆船设计研究院 Automatic storage transporting apparatus of cigarette rod material
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CN202138843U (en) * 2011-07-04 2012-02-08 湖州德能物流设备有限公司 On-line automatic shaping machine for palletized goods
CN202864187U (en) * 2012-09-20 2013-04-10 上海精星仓储设备工程有限公司 Tray code division device used for roboticized stereoscopic warehouse
CN203319097U (en) * 2013-05-07 2013-12-04 中国人民解放军军事交通学院 Automatic unit goods alignment warehousing platform of automatic three-dimensional warehouse

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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN2688659Y (en) * 2004-04-23 2005-03-30 河南省炜隆实业有限公司 Automatic exhibiting goods apparatus for smokebox
CN2792216Y (en) * 2005-05-19 2006-07-05 云南昆船设计研究院 Automatic storage transporting apparatus of cigarette rod material
EP2128047A1 (en) * 2008-05-27 2009-12-02 TGW Mechanics GmbH Holder device for a transport vehicle
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Cited By (8)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN106256693A (en) * 2015-06-19 2016-12-28 金东纸业(江苏)股份有限公司 Sandwich grade moves apparatus for correcting
CN106256693B (en) * 2015-06-19 2019-03-05 金东纸业(江苏)股份有限公司 Sandwich grade moves apparatus for correcting
CN108229871A (en) * 2016-12-21 2018-06-29 比亚迪股份有限公司 Warehoused cargo management-control method and system
CN111792250A (en) * 2019-04-05 2020-10-20 雷蒙德股份有限公司 Conveyor cart alignment system and method
CN111792250B (en) * 2019-04-05 2023-07-07 雷蒙德股份有限公司 Conveyor cart alignment system and method
US11807459B2 (en) 2019-04-05 2023-11-07 The Raymond Corporation Conveyor cart alignment systems and methods
CN112793982A (en) * 2021-03-25 2021-05-14 罗伯泰克自动化科技(苏州)有限公司 Stacker goods taking and placing system and application method thereof
CN113371377A (en) * 2021-06-16 2021-09-10 中船重工海为郑州高科技有限公司 Intelligent cargo carrying platform

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