CN103102176B - Automatic glazing device for domestic ceramics - Google Patents

Automatic glazing device for domestic ceramics Download PDF

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Publication number
CN103102176B
CN103102176B CN201310039351.9A CN201310039351A CN103102176B CN 103102176 B CN103102176 B CN 103102176B CN 201310039351 A CN201310039351 A CN 201310039351A CN 103102176 B CN103102176 B CN 103102176B
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
supporting plate
glazing
glaze
sucking
acetabula
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Application number
CN201310039351.9A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN103102176A (en
Inventor
梁康宁
秦志东
赵盛林
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广西北流市智诚陶瓷自动化科技有限公司
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Priority to CN201310039351.9A priority Critical patent/CN103102176B/en
Publication of CN103102176A publication Critical patent/CN103102176A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN103102176B publication Critical patent/CN103102176B/en

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Abstract

The invention discloses an automatic glazing device for domestic ceramics. The automatic glazing device comprises a sucking disc device, a supporting plate and a rack upright post, wherein the sucking disc device is used for absorbing a bowl blank; the supporting plate is used for supporting the sucking disc device and sucking disc rotation speed reducers; the sucking disc device is connected with the supporting plate by a bearing; the bearing base of the bearing is fixed on the supporting plate by a bolt; a glaze sucking hole is formed on the side surface of the sucking disc device; and glaze water in a glaze sucking and storing barrel can be supplemented through the glaze sucking hole in a glaze soaking process. Two speed reducers are combined in different spaces and at different times, i.e., the sucking plate is driven by the sucking plate rotation speed reducers to rotate; and the whole sucking plate device and the supporting plate are driven by the supporting plate speed reducer to rotate, so that the automatic glazing process of the whole device is realized, thereby solving the problems that the existing glazing device is low in efficiency, poor in glazing quality and large in labor intensity; moreover, the automatic glazing device has the advantages of complete and uniform glazing effect, good glazing effect, high efficiency and high automation degree.

Description

Domestic ceramics self-glazing device

Technical field

The present invention relates to household porcelain production technology, particularly a kind of domestic ceramics self-glazing device for household porcelain production process self-glazing.

Background technology

In household porcelain production in the past, many ceramic producing regions are due to the starting material reason of each place or the device shape reason of various products, glazing operation can only adopt manual processing method of soaking glaze to carry out glazing, soak by hand glaze production efficiency low, and due to finger contact base substrate in glazing process, make base substrate after glazing, leave finger-marks, affect the glazing quality of base substrate.In addition, owing to being added with multiple chemical materials in glaze water, these chemical materialss have corrosive nature to human body, and long-term soaking glaze has harm to human body by hand.

In order to enhance productivity, improve the quality of products, improve workman's production environment, or reduce costs etc., technician is carrying out constantly improving on the production technology of domestic ceramics and production unit.In existing ceramic production technology, for the technical literature of ceramic glazing operation have following these.

1, patent documentation [publication number: CN201180114Y] discloses " a kind of Novel enameling apparatus ", and this utility model comprises glazing system and rubber roll, and glazing system is comprised of two covers, and is fixed on rubber roll top.This utility model generally can only be for the glazing operation of ceramic tile gravure roller printing machine, and use range is limited to.

2, patent documentation [publication number: CN202246453U] discloses " a kind of glazing device ", this device mainly by adding glaze tank, buffer tank, beat three parts of glaze pump and form.First glaze is added into and adds glaze tank, by making glaze pump, glaze is sent in buffer tank, then by bleeder valve, glaze is spread on rubber roll surface to realize glazing process.This device can be realized more uniform glazing process, but production efficiency is low.

3, patent documentation [publication number: CN2647444] discloses a kind of " coater ".This coater is by realizing glazing by the electric motor of reciprocator and the combined spray gun mechanism of rotation angle mechanism the controller of usining control as propulsion source, and its spray gun mechanism is arranged in frame, is also furnished with clamping workpiece mechanism etc. in frame simultaneously.This coater is applicable to there being the cylindrical work outside surface of corrugated ring to carry out glazing treatment.

4, patent documentation [publication number: CN202422887U] discloses a kind of " line post insulator glazing device ", and this device comprises bracing frame, motor and the fixing chuck of base substrate, and motor is fixed on bracing frame; Motor, chuck and base substrate coaxial rotation.This device can be used for the glazing operation of electric porcelain insulator production process, but its production efficiency is low, and use range is limited to.

5, patent documentation [publication number: CN202373397U] discloses a kind of " suspension disc insulator porcelain moulded pottery not yet put in a kiln to bake part head glazing device ", this device comprise on it place be inverted the rotatable station platform of porcelain moulded pottery not yet put in a kiln to bake part, for the head outer surface of the outer surface cloth glaze of porcelain moulded pottery not yet put in a kiln to bake part soaks glaze device, is the head endoporus note glaze device of the internal surface cloth glaze of porcelain moulded pottery not yet put in a kiln to bake part, and electrical control cabinet.This device by the inversion of porcelain moulded pottery not yet put in a kiln to bake part " ∩ " shape head is placed on a rotation platform station and by electrical control rotating 360 degrees process through secondary delay pause process to have realized the glazing operation that completes continuously porcelain moulded pottery not yet put in a kiln to bake part head outer surface by step.This plant automation degree is high, but complex structure, cost is high, and can only realize the glazing to a certain part of blank.

6, patent documentation [publication number: CN1090834] discloses a kind of " localized surface glazing of ceramic ", thereby this utility model is cooling to realize localized surface glazing approaching the rupture stress that the thermal stresses producing in the described goods of described melt region is restricted to the described lip-deep stupalith that is less than described goods by what fusing radiating capacity is applied to melt region on the product surface around of described glazing position delays described melt region.This utility model is mainly used in repairing muffle painting defect and is used as and decorates.

7, patent documentation [publication number: CN1223926] discloses a kind of " being used in particular for the rotary glazing machine of ceramic tile ", this device has two side by side near the cylinder arranging, glaze can push away and amass thereon, the touch scrolling not blocked on the upper surface of the brick bat of the first cylinder, thereby glaze is transferred on brick bat, and the sense of rotation of second tin roller is contrary with the first cylinder.This device is applicable to the glazing operation of ceramic tile, but its efficiency is lower.

In sum, mainly there is the defects such as efficiency is not high, glazing is of poor quality, complex structure, labor strength is excessive, level of automation has much room for improvement in existing glazing device.

Summary of the invention

The invention provides a kind of domestic ceramics self-glazing device for household porcelain production process self-glazing, can solve the defects such as the efficiency that existing glazing device exists is not high, glazing is of poor quality, complex structure, labor strength is excessive, level of automation has much room for improvement.

The present invention is achieved through the following technical solutions: a kind of domestic ceramics self-glazing device, comprise the Acetabula device for adsorbing bowl base, the supporting plate that rotates step-down gear for supporting Acetabula device and sucker, framework pillar etc., described Acetabula device is connected with supporting plate by bearing, and the bearing support of bearing is connected on supporting plate by bolt.Described supporting plate is provided with for driving the sucker of Acetabula device rotation to rotate step-down gear, and framework pillar is at supporting plate with for saving between the glaze pond of glaze water.Described framework pillar lower end is connected with framework soleplate, and upper end is connected with supporting plate, and framework pillar is equipped with supporting plate step-down gear near the side of upper end, and supporting plate can rotate relative to the output shaft of supporting plate step-down gear.

Acetabula device comprises sucker, storage glaze cylinder, tubular shaft, driven pulley, swivel joint, valve tube.Tubular shaft is arranged in the bearing support being fixed together with supporting plate, and tubular shaft upper end stretches into from storage glaze cylinder bottom that storage glaze cylinder 1---10 centimetres, lower end is connected with swivel joint, and swivel joint lower end is connected to valve tube; Described tubular shaft outside cover has driven pulley, sucker to be positioned at the top of storage glaze cylinder.

The side of Acetabula device is provided with sucking hole, soaks in glaze process and can supplement the glaze water in the glaze cylinder of attracting deposit by sucking hole.The output shaft that described sucker rotates step-down gear is equipped with driving pulley, and driving pulley is connected by belt with driven pulley.Supporting plate step-down gear is stepper-motor, and it will be controlled the rotation situation of supporting plate accurately according to pre-set rotating speed and rotational time in the course of the work.Described Acetabula device can be 1,2,3 or a plurality of multi pack side by side.

Unusual effect of the present invention is: the present invention is the combination on different room and times by two step-down gears, adopt sucker to rotate the rotation that step-down gear drives sucker, adopt supporting plate step-down gear to drive the mode of whole Acetabula device and supporting plate rotation to realize whole device self-glazing process, glazing is evenly comprehensive and efficiency is high.The more existing glazing device of the present invention compares that to have glazing comprehensively even, and glazing is effective, can realize in bowl base outside glazing simultaneously and efficiency is high, level of automation high.

Accompanying drawing explanation

Fig. 1 is front view of the present invention.

Fig. 2 is right view of the present invention.

Fig. 3 is the glaze schematic diagram that soaks of the present invention.

Fig. 4 is Acetabula device upper part schematic diagram of the present invention.

Wherein: 1---framework soleplate; 2---framework pillar; 3---valve tube; 4---swivel joint; 5---driving pulley; 6---supporting plate; 7---sucker rotates step-down gear; 8---bearing support; 9---tubular shaft; 10---storage glaze

Cylinder; 11---sucker; 12---bowl base; 13---sucking hole; 14---storage glaze cylinder glaze water; 15---driven belt

Wheel; 16---supporting plate step-down gear; 17---glaze pond; 18---glaze water.

Embodiment

Below in conjunction with accompanying drawing, specific embodiment of the invention is further described.

As shown in Figure 1, a kind of domestic ceramics self-glazing device, comprise the Acetabula device for adsorbing bowl base, the supporting plate 6 that rotates step-down gear 7 for supporting Acetabula device and sucker, framework pillar 2 etc., described Acetabula device is connected with supporting plate 6 by bearing, the bearing support 8 of bearing is connected on supporting plate 6 by bolt, and supporting plate 6 is provided with for driving the sucker of Acetabula device rotation to rotate step-down gear 7.

Described framework pillar 2 is at supporting plate 6 with for saving between the glaze pond 17 of glaze water 18, described framework pillar 2 lower ends are connected with framework soleplate 1, upper end is connected with supporting plate 6, framework pillar 2 is equipped with supporting plate step-down gear 16 near the side of upper end, and supporting plate 6 can rotate relative to the output shaft of supporting plate step-down gear 16.

Described Acetabula device comprises sucker 11, storage glaze cylinder 10, tubular shaft 9, driven pulley 15, swivel joint 4, valve tube 3, described tubular shaft 9 is arranged in the bearing support 8 being fixed together with supporting plate 6, storage glaze cylinder 1 is stretched in tubular shaft 9 upper ends from storage glaze cylinder 10 bottoms---and 10 centimetres, lower end is connected with swivel joint 4, and swivel joint 4 lower ends are connected to valve tube 3; Described tubular shaft 9 outside covers have driven pulley 15; Described sucker 11 is positioned at the top of storage glaze cylinder 10.

As shown in Figure 4, the side of described Acetabula device is provided with sucking hole 13, and in soaking glaze process, sucker 11 can suck a small amount of glaze water 18 to supplement storage glaze cylinder glaze water 14 by sucking hole 13.

The output shaft that described sucker rotates step-down gear 7 is equipped with driving pulley 5, and driving pulley 5 is connected by belt with driven pulley 15.

Described supporting plate step-down gear 16 is stepper-motor, and it will be controlled the rotation situation of supporting plate accurately according to pre-set rotating speed and rotational time in the course of the work.

The present invention uses separately 1,2,3 Acetabula devices or a plurality of Acetabula device multi pack side by side, they can be contained on same supporting plate 6 and with belt or chain, they be coupled together and are rotated simultaneously, swing simultaneously, now take two Acetabula devices (as shown in Figure 2) and working process of the present invention is specifically narrated as example.

Before starting working, supporting plate 6 is placed in level attitude, and valve tube 3 is air-breathing, puts into a certain amount of glaze water in advance in storage glaze cylinder 10, the liquid level of storage glaze cylinder glaze water 14 should be lower than tubular shaft 9 hill height in storage glaze cylinder 10, to avoid storing up glaze cylinder, draw water and 14 by tubular shaft 9, enter valve tube 3.Bowl base 12 is placed on 11, sucker, sucker rotates step-down gear 7 energisings and rotates, pass through belt transmission, tubular shaft 9 rotates, thereby making to store up glaze cylinder 10, sucker 11 also together rotates, meanwhile, supporting plate rotates step-down gear 16 and rotates, and drives supporting plate 6 to swing, as shown in Figure 3, effect due to vacuum, even have sucking hole 13 on storage glaze cylinder 10, sucker 11 walls, but because the diameter in sucking hole 13 is little, the air pressure of storage glaze cylinder 10 inner chambers is lower than normal atmosphere, bowl bad 12 still can be attracted on sucker 11 in tilting procedure, and can not fall down.Bowl base 12 together swings with Acetabula device and immerses in glaze pond 17 in rotation, and all adsorb on the surface of bowl base 12 outside sucker 11 like this glaze water 18.When supporting plate 6 turns to certain angle, storage glaze cylinder glaze water 14 barrels along storage glaze cylinder 10 flow to the surface, inside of bowl base 12, and bowl base 12 has all adsorbed glaze water at the surfaces externally and internally of sucker 11 like this.In the time of in storage glaze cylinder 10 immerses glaze pond, due to storage glaze cylinder 10 interior suction functions, storage glaze cylinder 10 is a small amount of glaze water 18 of 13 suction through sucking hole, the glaze water consuming to supplement the 12 bottom glazings of bowl base.Due to the autorotation effect of bowl base 12, the glaze water of bowl base 12 absorption is more even, and glazing more comprehensively.

Bowl base 12 is pre-set as the case may be in angle and the residence time of the 17 interior swings of glaze pond, when bowl base 12 is when the angle of glaze pond 17 interior swings and the residence time reach set(ting)value, supporting plate rotates step-down gear 16 reversions, supporting plate 6 up swings to level attitude, the moisture content that bowl base 12 blots glaze water after glazing needs the regular hour, and its residence time is set as the case may be.After reaching setting-up time, sucker rotates step-down gear 7 and stops operating, and valve tube 3 stops vacuum suction, at this moment just bowl base can be taken away, so far, has just realized the self-glazing process of whole device.By hand or after machine automatization wipes clean the surperficial glaze water of staying sucker 11, a bowl base for the treatment of glazing can be placed on sucker 11 again, carry out glazing working process next time.

Claims (6)

1. a domestic ceramics self-glazing device, comprise for adsorbing the Acetabula device of a bowl base (12), be used for supporting the supporting plate (6) of Acetabula device and sucker rotation step-down gear (7), framework pillar (2), it is characterized in that: described Acetabula device is connected with supporting plate (6) by bearing, the bearing support of described bearing (8) is connected on supporting plate (6) by bolt, described supporting plate (6) is provided with for driving the sucker of Acetabula device rotation to rotate step-down gear (7), described framework pillar (2) is positioned at supporting plate (6) and for saving between the glaze pond (17) of glaze water (18), described framework pillar (2) lower end is connected with framework soleplate (1), upper end is connected with supporting plate (6), framework pillar (2) is equipped with supporting plate step-down gear (16) near the side of upper end, supporting plate (6) can rotate relative to the output shaft of supporting plate step-down gear (16).
2. domestic ceramics self-glazing device according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: described Acetabula device comprises sucker (11), storage glaze cylinder (10), tubular shaft (9), driven pulley (15), swivel joint (4), valve tube (3), described tubular shaft (9) is arranged in the bearing support (8) being fixed together with supporting plate (6), storage glaze cylinder (10) 1 is stretched in tubular shaft (9) upper end from storage glaze cylinder (10) bottom---and 10 centimetres, lower end is connected with swivel joint (4), and swivel joint (4) lower end is connected to valve tube (3); Described tubular shaft (9) outside cover has driven pulley (15); Described sucker (11) is positioned at the top of storage glaze cylinder (10).
3. domestic ceramics self-glazing device according to claim 1, is characterized in that: the side of described Acetabula device is provided with sucking hole (13).
4. domestic ceramics self-glazing device according to claim 1, is characterized in that: the output shaft that described sucker rotates step-down gear (7) is equipped with driving pulley (5), and driving pulley (5) is connected by belt with driven pulley (15).
5. domestic ceramics self-glazing device according to claim 1, is characterized in that: described supporting plate step-down gear (16) is stepper-motor.
6. domestic ceramics self-glazing device according to claim 1, is characterized in that: described Acetabula device can be 1,2,3 or a plurality of multi pack side by side.
CN201310039351.9A 2013-02-01 2013-02-01 Automatic glazing device for domestic ceramics CN103102176B (en)

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
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Families Citing this family (8)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103693990A (en) * 2013-12-11 2014-04-02 广西北流市智诚陶瓷自动化科技有限公司 Sucker-type automatic glaze spraying device
CN104599795B (en) * 2015-02-11 2016-10-05 成都拓利科技股份有限公司 For porcelain or glass umbellate form, the equipment of bell-shaped insulator application RTV antifouling flush paint
CN105251658A (en) * 2015-07-17 2016-01-20 河北硅谷化工有限公司 Automatic dip-coating machine
CN105355347A (en) * 2015-11-13 2016-02-24 北京世纪航凯电力科技股份有限公司 Insulator factory compound dip-coating technology
CN105481475A (en) * 2015-12-17 2016-04-13 丽水学院 Suction cup glaze dipping machine
CN105562285A (en) * 2016-02-05 2016-05-11 陈建荣 Portable and efficient porcelain bottle dip-coating machine
CN106426530A (en) * 2016-11-17 2017-02-22 景德镇陶瓷大学 Automatic ceramic tea set and tableware glazing machine
CN106584659A (en) * 2016-12-15 2017-04-26 衡东县中兴陶瓷有限公司 Full-automatic external enamel applying device

Citations (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN1308254C (en) * 2003-10-20 2007-04-04 梁锋 High temperature luminous glazing and its production process and application in luminous glazed tile
CN203187583U (en) * 2013-02-01 2013-09-11 广西北流市智诚陶瓷自动化科技有限公司 Automatic domestic ceramic glazing device

Family Cites Families (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
FR2873681A1 (en) * 2004-07-28 2006-02-03 Saint Gobain PROCESS AND OVEN WITH SERIES CUPBOARDS FOR PREPARING GLASS SINKS

Patent Citations (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN1308254C (en) * 2003-10-20 2007-04-04 梁锋 High temperature luminous glazing and its production process and application in luminous glazed tile
CN203187583U (en) * 2013-02-01 2013-09-11 广西北流市智诚陶瓷自动化科技有限公司 Automatic domestic ceramic glazing device

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