CN103102176A - Automatic glazing device for domestic ceramics - Google Patents

Automatic glazing device for domestic ceramics Download PDF

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Publication number
CN103102176A
CN103102176A CN2013100393519A CN201310039351A CN103102176A CN 103102176 A CN103102176 A CN 103102176A CN 2013100393519 A CN2013100393519 A CN 2013100393519A CN 201310039351 A CN201310039351 A CN 201310039351A CN 103102176 A CN103102176 A CN 103102176A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
supporting plate
glazing
glaze
sucking
acetabula
Prior art date
Application number
CN2013100393519A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN103102176B (en
Inventor
梁康宁
秦志东
赵盛林
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广西北流市智诚陶瓷自动化科技有限公司
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Application filed by 广西北流市智诚陶瓷自动化科技有限公司 filed Critical 广西北流市智诚陶瓷自动化科技有限公司
Priority to CN201310039351.9A priority Critical patent/CN103102176B/en
Publication of CN103102176A publication Critical patent/CN103102176A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN103102176B publication Critical patent/CN103102176B/en

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Abstract

The invention discloses an automatic glazing device for domestic ceramics. The automatic glazing device comprises a sucking disc device, a supporting plate and a rack upright post, wherein the sucking disc device is used for absorbing a bowl blank; the supporting plate is used for supporting the sucking disc device and sucking disc rotation speed reducers; the sucking disc device is connected with the supporting plate by a bearing; the bearing base of the bearing is fixed on the supporting plate by a bolt; a glaze sucking hole is formed on the side surface of the sucking disc device; and glaze water in a glaze sucking and storing barrel can be supplemented through the glaze sucking hole in a glaze soaking process. Two speed reducers are combined in different spaces and at different times, i.e., the sucking plate is driven by the sucking plate rotation speed reducers to rotate; and the whole sucking plate device and the supporting plate are driven by the supporting plate speed reducer to rotate, so that the automatic glazing process of the whole device is realized, thereby solving the problems that the existing glazing device is low in efficiency, poor in glazing quality and large in labor intensity; moreover, the automatic glazing device has the advantages of complete and uniform glazing effect, good glazing effect, high efficiency and high automation degree.

Description

Domestic ceramics self-glazing device

Technical field

The present invention relates to the household porcelain production technology, particularly a kind of domestic ceramics self-glazing device for household porcelain production process self-glazing.

Background technology

In household porcelain production in the past, many ceramic producing regions are due to the starting material reason of each place or the device shape reason of various products, the glazing operation can only adopt manual processing method of soaking glaze to carry out glazing, soak by hand glaze production efficiency low, and due to finger contact base substrate in the glazing process, make base substrate stay finger-marks after glazing, affect the glazing quality of base substrate.In addition, owing to being added with multiple chemical materials in glaze water, these chemical materialss have corrosive nature to human body, and long-term soaking glaze has harm to human body by hand.

In order to enhance productivity, improve the quality of products, improve workman's production environment, or reduce costs etc., the technician is carrying out constantly improving on the production technology of domestic ceramics and production unit.In existing ceramic production technology, for the technical literature of ceramic glazing operation have following these.

1, patent documentation [publication number: CN201180114Y] discloses " a kind of Novel enameling apparatus ", and this utility model comprises glazing system and rubber roll, and the glazing system is comprised of two covers, and is fixed on the rubber roll top.This utility model generally can only be used for the glazing operation of ceramic tile gravure roller printing machine, and use range is limited to.

2, patent documentation [publication number: CN202246453U] discloses " a kind of glazing device ", and this device is mainly by adding glaze tank, buffer tank, beating three parts of glaze pump and form.First glaze is added into and adds the glaze tank, by making the glaze pump, glaze is sent in buffer tank, then by bleeder valve, glaze is spread on the rubber roll surface to realize the glazing process.This device can be realized more uniform glazing process, but production efficiency is low.

3, patent documentation [publication number: CN2647444] discloses a kind of " coater ".This coater is by realizing glazing with reciprocator and the combined spray gun mechanism of rotation angle mechanism and with the electric motor that controller is controlled as propulsion source, and its spray gun mechanism is arranged on frame, also is furnished with simultaneously clamping workpiece mechanism etc. on frame.This coater is applicable to the cylindrical work outside surface that corrugated ring is arranged is carried out glazing treatment.

4, patent documentation [publication number: CN202422887U] discloses a kind of " line post insulator glazing device ", and this device comprises bracing frame, motor and the fixing chuck of base substrate, and motor is fixed on bracing frame; Motor, chuck and base substrate coaxial rotation.This device can be used for the glazing operation of electric porcelain insulator production process, but its production efficiency is low, and use range is limited to.

5, patent documentation [publication number: CN202373397U] discloses a kind of " suspension disc insulator porcelain moulded pottery not yet put in a kiln to bake spare head glazing device ", this device comprise on it place the rotatable station platform of being inverted porcelain moulded pottery not yet put in a kiln to bake spare, for the head outer surface of the outer surface cloth glaze of porcelain moulded pottery not yet put in a kiln to bake spare soaks the glaze device, annotates the glaze device for the head endoporus of the internal surface cloth glaze of porcelain moulded pottery not yet put in a kiln to bake spare, and electrical control cabinet.This device be placed on a rotation platform station by the inversion with porcelain moulded pottery not yet put in a kiln to bake spare " ∩ " shape head and by in electrical control rotating 360 degrees process through secondary delay pause process to have realized completing continuously by step the glazing operation of porcelain moulded pottery not yet put in a kiln to bake spare head outer surface.This plant automation degree is high, but complex structure, cost is high, and can only realize the glazing to a certain part of blank.

6, patent documentation [publication number: CN1090834] discloses a kind of " localized surface glazing of ceramic ", thereby this utility model is coolingly to realize localized surface glazing the thermal stresses that produces in the described goods near described melt region is restricted to less than the rupture stress of the described lip-deep stupalith of described goods by what will melt that radiating capacity is applied to that melt region on product surface around described glazing position delays described melt region.This utility model is mainly used in repairing the muffle painting defective and is used as and decorates.

7, patent documentation [publication number: CN1223926] discloses a kind of " being used in particular for the rotary glazing machine of ceramic tile ", this device has two side by side near the cylinder that arranges, glaze can push away and amass thereon, the touch scrolling that is not blocked on the upper surface of the brick bat of the first cylinder, thereby glaze is transferred on brick bat, and the sense of rotation of second tin roller is opposite with the first cylinder.This device is applicable to the glazing operation of ceramic tile, but its efficient is lower.

In sum, mainly there are the defectives such as efficient is not high, glazing is of poor quality, complex structure, labor strength is excessive, level of automation has much room for improvement in existing glazing device.

Summary of the invention

The invention provides a kind of domestic ceramics self-glazing device for household porcelain production process self-glazing, the efficient that can solve existing glazing device existence is not high, the defectives such as glazing is of poor quality, complex structure, labor strength is excessive, level of automation has much room for improvement.

The present invention is achieved through the following technical solutions: a kind of domestic ceramics self-glazing device, comprise the Acetabula device for absorption bowl base, the supporting plate that is used for supporting Acetabula device and sucker rotation step-down gear, framework pillar etc., described Acetabula device is connected with supporting plate by bearing, and the bearing support of bearing is connected on supporting plate by bolt.Described supporting plate is provided with for the sucker that drives the Acetabula device rotation and rotates step-down gear, and framework pillar is at supporting plate and be used between the glaze pond of savings glaze water.Described framework pillar lower end is connected with framework soleplate, and the upper end is connected with supporting plate, and framework pillar is equipped with the supporting plate step-down gear near the side of upper end, and supporting plate is the output shaft rotation of supporting plate step-down gear relatively.

Acetabula device comprises sucker, storage glaze cylinder, tubular shaft, driven pulley, swivel joint, valve tube.Tubular shaft is arranged in the bearing support that is fixed together with supporting plate, and the tubular shaft upper end stretches into from storage glaze cylinder bottom that storage glaze cylinder 1---10 centimetres, the lower end is connected with swivel joint, and the swivel joint lower end is connected to valve tube; Described tubular shaft outside cover has driven pulley, sucker to be positioned at the top of storage glaze cylinder.

The side of Acetabula device is provided with the sucking hole, soaks in the glaze process and can replenish glaze water in the glaze cylinder of attracting deposit by the sucking hole.The output shaft that described sucker rotates step-down gear is equipped with driving pulley, and driving pulley is connected by belt with driven pulley.The supporting plate step-down gear is stepper-motor, and it will be controlled the rotation situation of supporting plate accurately according to pre-set rotating speed and rotational time in the course of the work.Described Acetabula device can be 1,2,3 or a plurality of multi pack side by side.

Unusual effect of the present invention is: the present invention is by two combinations of step-down gear on different room and times, namely adopt sucker to rotate the rotation that step-down gear drives sucker, the mode that adopts the supporting plate step-down gear to drive whole Acetabula device and supporting plate rotation realizes whole device self-glazing process, and glazing is evenly comprehensive and efficient is high.The more existing glazing device of the present invention compares that to have a glazing comprehensively even, and glazing is effective, can realize in bowl base outside glazing simultaneously and efficient is high, the level of automation high.

Description of drawings

Fig. 1 is front view of the present invention.

Fig. 2 is right view of the present invention.

Fig. 3 is the glaze schematic diagram that soaks of the present invention.

Fig. 4 is Acetabula device upper part schematic diagram of the present invention.

Wherein: 1---framework soleplate; 2---framework pillar; 3---valve tube; 4---swivel joint; 5---driving pulley; 6---supporting plate; 7---sucker rotates step-down gear; 8---bearing support; 9---tubular shaft; 10---the storage glaze

Cylinder; 11---sucker; 12---the bowl base; 13---the sucking hole; 14---storage glaze cylinder glaze water; 15---driven belt

Wheel; 16---the supporting plate step-down gear; 17---the glaze pond; 18---glaze water.

Embodiment

Below in conjunction with accompanying drawing, concrete enforcement of the present invention is further described.

As shown in Figure 1, a kind of domestic ceramics self-glazing device, comprise the Acetabula device for absorption bowl base, the supporting plate 6 that is used for supporting Acetabula device and sucker rotation step-down gear 7, framework pillar 2 etc., described Acetabula device is connected with supporting plate 6 by bearing, the bearing support 8 of bearing is connected on supporting plate 6 by bolt, and supporting plate 6 is provided with for the sucker that drives the Acetabula device rotation and rotates step-down gear 7.

Described framework pillar 2 is at supporting plate 6 and be used between the glaze pond 17 of savings glaze water 18, described framework pillar 2 lower ends are connected with framework soleplate 1, the upper end is connected with supporting plate 6, framework pillar 2 is equipped with supporting plate step-down gear 16 near the side of upper end, and supporting plate 6 is the output shaft rotation of supporting plate step-down gear 16 relatively.

Described Acetabula device comprises sucker 11, storage glaze cylinder 10, tubular shaft 9, driven pulley 15, swivel joint 4, valve tube 3, described tubular shaft 9 is arranged in the bearing support 8 that is fixed together with supporting plate 6, storage glaze cylinder 1 is stretched into from storage glaze cylinder 10 bottoms in tubular shaft 9 upper ends---and 10 centimetres, the lower end is connected with swivel joint 4, and swivel joint 4 lower ends are connected to valve tube 3; Described tubular shaft 9 outside covers have driven pulley 15; Described sucker 11 is positioned at the top of storage glaze cylinder 10.

As shown in Figure 4, the side of described Acetabula device is provided with sucking hole 13, and sucker 11 can suck a small amount of glaze water 18 to replenish storage glaze cylinder glaze water 14 by sucking hole 13 in soaking the glaze process.

The output shaft that described sucker rotates step-down gear 7 is equipped with driving pulley 5, and driving pulley 5 is connected by belt with driven pulley 15.

Described supporting plate step-down gear 16 is stepper-motor, and it will be controlled the rotation situation of supporting plate accurately according to pre-set rotating speed and rotational time in the course of the work.

The present invention uses separately 1,2,3 Acetabula devices or a plurality of Acetabula device multi pack side by side, they can be contained in belt or chain, they to be coupled together on same supporting plate 6 and rotate simultaneously, swing simultaneously, now as an example of two Acetabula devices (as shown in Figure 2) example, working process of the present invention is specifically narrated.

Before starting working, supporting plate 6 is placed in level attitude, and valve tube 3 is air-breathing, puts into a certain amount of glaze water in advance in storage glaze cylinder 10, the liquid level of storage glaze cylinder glaze water 14 should be lower than the hill height of tubular shaft 9 in storage glaze cylinder 10, draws water and 14 enter valve tube 3 by tubular shaft 9 to avoid storing up the glaze cylinder.Bowl base 12 is placed on 11, sucker, sucker rotates step-down gear 7 energisings and rotates, pass through belt transmission, tubular shaft 9 rotates, thereby storage glaze cylinder 10, sucker 11 are also together rotated, meanwhile, supporting plate rotates step-down gear 16 and rotates, and drives supporting plate 6 and swings, as shown in Figure 3, effect due to vacuum, even have sucking hole 13 on storage glaze cylinder 10, sucker 11 walls, but because the diameter in sucking hole 13 is little, the air pressure of storage glaze cylinder 10 inner chambers is lower than normal atmosphere, bowl bad 12 still can be attracted on sucker 11 in tilting procedure, and can not fall down.Bowl base 12 together swings with Acetabula device in rotation and immerses in glaze pond 17, and all adsorb on bowl base 12 surface outside sucker 11 like this glaze water 18.When supporting plate 6 turned to certain angle, storage glaze cylinder glaze water 14 barrels along storage glaze cylinder 10 flowed to the surface, inside of bowl base 12, and bowl base 12 has all adsorbed glaze water at the surfaces externally and internally of sucker 11 like this.When storage glaze cylinder 10 immersed in the glaze pond, due to storage glaze cylinder 10 interior suction functions, storage glaze cylinder 10 13 sucked a small amount of glaze water 18, the glaze water that consumes to replenish the 12 bottom glazings of bowl base through the sucking hole.Due to the autorotation effect of bowl base 12, the glaze water of bowl base 12 absorption is more even, and glazing more comprehensively.

Bowl base 12 is pre-set as the case may be in angle and the residence time of glaze pond 17 interior swings, when bowl base 12 when the angle of glaze pond 17 interior swings and the residence time reach set(ting)value, supporting plate rotates step-down gear 16 counter-rotatings, supporting plate 6 up swings to level attitude, bowl base 12 blots glaze water after glazing moisture content needs the regular hour, and its residence time is set as the case may be.After reaching setting-up time, sucker rotates step-down gear 7 and stops operating, and valve tube 3 stops vacuum suction, at this moment just the bowl base can be taken away, so far, has just realized the self-glazing process of whole device.By hand or after the machine automatization surperficial glaze water that will stay sucker 11 wipes clean, a bowl base for the treatment of glazing can be placed on sucker 11 again, carry out glazing working process next time.

Claims (6)

1. domestic ceramics self-glazing device, comprise the Acetabula device for absorption bowl base (12), be used for supporting the supporting plate (6) of Acetabula device and sucker rotation step-down gear (7), framework pillar (2), it is characterized in that: described Acetabula device is connected with supporting plate (6) by bearing, the bearing support of described bearing (8) is connected on supporting plate (6) by bolt, described supporting plate (6) is provided with for the sucker that drives the Acetabula device rotation and rotates step-down gear (7), described framework pillar (2) is positioned at supporting plate (6) and is used between the glaze pond (17) of savings glaze water (18), described framework pillar (2) lower end is connected with framework soleplate (1), the upper end is connected with supporting plate (6), framework pillar (2) is equipped with supporting plate step-down gear (16) near the side of upper end, supporting plate (6) is the output shaft rotation of supporting plate step-down gear (16) relatively.
2. domestic ceramics self-glazing device according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: described Acetabula device comprises sucker (11), storage glaze cylinder (10), tubular shaft (9), driven pulley (15), swivel joint (4), valve tube (3), described tubular shaft (9) is arranged in the bearing support (8) that is fixed together with supporting plate (6), storage glaze cylinder (10) 1 is stretched in tubular shaft (9) upper end bottom storage glaze cylinder (10)---and 10 centimetres, the lower end is connected with swivel joint (4), and swivel joint (4) lower end is connected to valve tube (3); Described tubular shaft (9) outside cover has driven pulley (15); Described sucker (11) is positioned at the top of storage glaze cylinder (10).
3. domestic ceramics self-glazing device according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: the side of described Acetabula device is provided with sucking hole (13).
4. domestic ceramics self-glazing device according to claim 1 is characterized in that: the output shaft that described sucker rotates step-down gear (7) is equipped with driving pulley (5), and driving pulley (5) is connected by belt with driven pulley (15).
5. domestic ceramics self-glazing device according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: described supporting plate step-down gear (16) is stepper-motor.
6. domestic ceramics self-glazing device according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: described Acetabula device can be 1,2,3 or a plurality of multi pack side by side.
CN201310039351.9A 2013-02-01 2013-02-01 Automatic glazing device for domestic ceramics CN103102176B (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201310039351.9A CN103102176B (en) 2013-02-01 2013-02-01 Automatic glazing device for domestic ceramics

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201310039351.9A CN103102176B (en) 2013-02-01 2013-02-01 Automatic glazing device for domestic ceramics

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CN103102176B CN103102176B (en) 2014-12-03

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Cited By (8)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103693990A (en) * 2013-12-11 2014-04-02 广西北流市智诚陶瓷自动化科技有限公司 Sucker-type automatic glaze spraying device
CN104599795A (en) * 2015-02-11 2015-05-06 成都拓利化工实业有限公司 RTV anti-contamination flashover paint coating equipment for porcelain or glass umbrella or bell jar shaped insulator
CN105251658A (en) * 2015-07-17 2016-01-20 河北硅谷化工有限公司 Automatic dip-coating machine
CN105355347A (en) * 2015-11-13 2016-02-24 北京世纪航凯电力科技股份有限公司 Insulator factory compound dip-coating technology
CN105481475A (en) * 2015-12-17 2016-04-13 丽水学院 Suction cup glaze dipping machine
CN105562285A (en) * 2016-02-05 2016-05-11 陈建荣 Portable and efficient porcelain bottle dip-coating machine
CN106426530A (en) * 2016-11-17 2017-02-22 景德镇陶瓷大学 Automatic ceramic tea set and tableware glazing machine
CN106584659A (en) * 2016-12-15 2017-04-26 衡东县中兴陶瓷有限公司 Full-automatic external enamel applying device

Citations (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN1308254C (en) * 2003-10-20 2007-04-04 梁锋 High temperature luminous glazing and its production process and application in luminous glazed tile
US20090176639A1 (en) * 2004-07-28 2009-07-09 Saint-Gobain Glass France Method and furnace with series-arranged baths for producing glass frits
CN203187583U (en) * 2013-02-01 2013-09-11 广西北流市智诚陶瓷自动化科技有限公司 Automatic domestic ceramic glazing device

Patent Citations (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN1308254C (en) * 2003-10-20 2007-04-04 梁锋 High temperature luminous glazing and its production process and application in luminous glazed tile
US20090176639A1 (en) * 2004-07-28 2009-07-09 Saint-Gobain Glass France Method and furnace with series-arranged baths for producing glass frits
CN203187583U (en) * 2013-02-01 2013-09-11 广西北流市智诚陶瓷自动化科技有限公司 Automatic domestic ceramic glazing device

Cited By (9)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103693990A (en) * 2013-12-11 2014-04-02 广西北流市智诚陶瓷自动化科技有限公司 Sucker-type automatic glaze spraying device
CN104599795A (en) * 2015-02-11 2015-05-06 成都拓利化工实业有限公司 RTV anti-contamination flashover paint coating equipment for porcelain or glass umbrella or bell jar shaped insulator
CN104599795B (en) * 2015-02-11 2016-10-05 成都拓利科技股份有限公司 For porcelain or glass umbellate form, the equipment of bell-shaped insulator application RTV antifouling flush paint
CN105251658A (en) * 2015-07-17 2016-01-20 河北硅谷化工有限公司 Automatic dip-coating machine
CN105355347A (en) * 2015-11-13 2016-02-24 北京世纪航凯电力科技股份有限公司 Insulator factory compound dip-coating technology
CN105481475A (en) * 2015-12-17 2016-04-13 丽水学院 Suction cup glaze dipping machine
CN105562285A (en) * 2016-02-05 2016-05-11 陈建荣 Portable and efficient porcelain bottle dip-coating machine
CN106426530A (en) * 2016-11-17 2017-02-22 景德镇陶瓷大学 Automatic ceramic tea set and tableware glazing machine
CN106584659A (en) * 2016-12-15 2017-04-26 衡东县中兴陶瓷有限公司 Full-automatic external enamel applying device

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