CN103066887B - Solar energy automatic tracking photovoltaic power generation drive system - Google Patents

Solar energy automatic tracking photovoltaic power generation drive system Download PDF

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Publication number
CN103066887B
CN103066887B CN201210538678.6A CN201210538678A CN103066887B CN 103066887 B CN103066887 B CN 103066887B CN 201210538678 A CN201210538678 A CN 201210538678A CN 103066887 B CN103066887 B CN 103066887B
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China
Prior art keywords
solar
solar energy
automatic tracking
power generation
collecting plate
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CN201210538678.6A
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CN103066887A (en
Inventor
费学宁
苏润西
苑宏英
姜远光
董业硕
池勇志
杨和义
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Tianjin Urban Construction College
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Tianjin Urban Construction College
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02EREDUCTION OF GREENHOUSE GAS [GHG] EMISSIONS, RELATED TO ENERGY GENERATION, TRANSMISSION OR DISTRIBUTION
    • Y02E10/00Energy generation through renewable energy sources
    • Y02E10/50Photovoltaic [PV] energy
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02EREDUCTION OF GREENHOUSE GAS [GHG] EMISSIONS, RELATED TO ENERGY GENERATION, TRANSMISSION OR DISTRIBUTION
    • Y02E10/00Energy generation through renewable energy sources
    • Y02E10/60Thermal-PV hybrids
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02EREDUCTION OF GREENHOUSE GAS [GHG] EMISSIONS, RELATED TO ENERGY GENERATION, TRANSMISSION OR DISTRIBUTION
    • Y02E70/00Other energy conversion or management systems reducing GHG emissions
    • Y02E70/30Systems combining energy storage with energy generation of non-fossil origin

Abstract

The invention provides a solar energy automatic tracking photovoltaic power generation drive system. The solar energy automatic tracking photovoltaic power generation drive system aims to provide a drive system which uses solar energy as an energy source and is used for the rotating of a solar panel. The solar energy automatic tracking photovoltaic power generation drive system comprises a solar energy groove-type panel, a solar energy automatic tracker, a solar energy battery pack, a motor box, a motor, a drive gear, a rotary shaft and a storage battery. Driven by the solar energy automatic tracker, the solar energy automatic tracking photovoltaic power generation drive system can track sunshine all-weather, photovoltaic power generation of the solar energy battery pack supplies power source for the rotating of the solar energy groove-type panel, so that the solar energy automatic tracking photovoltaic power generation drive system is provided with high solar energy utilization efficiency and mass transfer efficiency, the efficiency of a fixed type solar energy battery is normally around 10%, and the efficiency of the solar energy battery using the automatic tracking technology can be up to around 20%. Due to the fact that the driving power source is supplied by the solar power generation, the solar energy automatic tracking photovoltaic power generation drive system gets over the constraint of an external power source, and thus high efficiency, energy conservation and self-sufficiency are achieved.

Description

Solar energy automatic tracking photovoltaic power generation drive system
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of power-driven system, is a kind of solar energy automatic tracking photovoltaic power generation drive system.
Background technology
Day by day poor along with earth resource, energy shortage is the very severe problem of of facing in the world, the cost of investment of basic energy resource is climbed to a higher point day by day, various safety and pollution hidden trouble are ubiquitous, solar energy has very wide DEVELOPMENT PROSPECT as a kind of new forms of energy of cleanliness without any pollution, and solar energy is more and more paid attention to as the safety of a kind of " inexhaustible, nexhaustible ", environmental protection new forms of energy.Along with large-scale developing and utilizing research to solar energy, find the daylight rate of fixed solar energy collecting plate and photothermal deformation rate low; Adopt solar energy automatic tracking instrument that solar energy light collecting plate can be made vertical with sunlight all the time, the acquisition rate keeping luminous energy maximum and heat build-up rate.
Solar energy generation technology is a comparatively ripe solar utilization technique, effectively solar energy can be utilized to the exploitation of solar energy generation technology, solar energy power generating has safe and reliable, noiseless, pollution-free, energy is available anywhere, mechanical rotating part, failure rate is low, easy maintenance, unattended operation, scale be arbitrarily with without the need to the feature such as erecting power transmission lines, it become solar power generation the most substantially, the most general and the most promising application form, its constructional device, urgently develops.
Summary of the invention
The invention provides a kind of solar energy automatic tracking photovoltaic power generation drive system.Solar groove type heat collector, solar automatic tracking technology and solar energy generation technology are organically coupled by this system, not only increase solar energy utilization ratio, utilize natural energy resources to greatest extent, and stable clean green power source can be round-the-clockly provided.
For achieving the above object, the present invention needs interpretation scheme to be to provide a kind of solar energy automatic tracking photovoltaic power generation drive system, wherein: this system comprises solar groove type thermal-arrest district, solar power generation assembly, Driven by Solar Energy device, system control device.
Described solar groove type thermal-arrest district includes solar vacuum heat-collecting pipe, solar groove type collecting plate, solar automatic tracking instrument, collector tube holder; Solar vacuum heat-collecting pipe is supported on solar groove type collecting plate center by collector tube holder, and solar groove type collecting plate is fixing on the rotating shaft by slot type collecting plate support.The operating state that this system is run by system control device regulating system, the rotation axis of described solar groove type collecting plate arranges solar automatic tracking instrument, the electrical energy drive driven by motor solar groove type collecting plate produced by sunlight catcher and the solar power generation assembly of solar automatic tracking instrument is followed sunlight and is rotated, and solar vacuum heat-collecting pipe is fixed on the groove center axis of solar groove type collecting plate; Solar vacuum heat-collecting pipe skin is vacuum heat-insulating layer.
Described solar power generation assembly includes controller for solar, and is connected with solar module, storage battery.
Described Driven by Solar Energy device comprises motor, motor housing, rotation axis, and described slot type collecting plate support is fixing on the rotating shaft, and motor drive motors drives rotation axis to rotate; The electrical power storage that solar module produces is in storage battery, and the drive force rotation axis that storage battery provides motor to produce rotates, and rotation axis connects solar groove type collecting plate by slot type collecting plate support, and solar groove type collecting plate is rotated.
Described system control device comprises system cloud gray model control panel, and system cloud gray model control panel is provided with interconnective system cloud gray model control axis, system running state display screen, solar automatic tracking instrument controller; Solar automatic tracking instrument controller converts the sunlight catcher light signal of solar automatic tracking instrument to the signal of telecommunication, control connection and the disconnection of storage battery and motor, regulate the slewing rate of motor and rotation time, and by the signal of telecommunication by data line transfer to system cloud gray model control axis; In system cloud gray model control axis, signal of telecommunication transformation demonstrates current system running status in system running state display screen, carries out system cloud gray model control.
Adopt the effect that present system can reach:
1, native system round-the-clock tracking sunlight of energy under the drive of solar automatic tracking instrument, has the very high efficiency of light energy utilization and mass-transfer efficiency, makes the efficiency of light energy utilization reach maximization; Adopt the efficiency of fixed solar cell generally about 10%, and adopt automatic tracking technology that solar battery efficiency rate can be made to reach about 20%.
2, solar photovoltaic electrification component accepts the radiation of the sun and is converted into electric energy, for the rotation of solar groove type collecting plate provides drive energy, make native system break away from the constraint of external power supply, really accomplishes energy-efficient, self-sufficient.
3, environmental protection and energy saving, practical and convenient.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is solar energy automatic tracking photovoltaic power generation drive system structural representation of the present invention;
Fig. 2 is solar energy automatic tracking photovoltaic power generation drive system A-A profile of the present invention.
1, reactor frame 2, rotation axis 3, solar energy automatic tracking instrument
4, solar module 5, solar vacuum heat-collecting pipe 6, solar groove type collecting plate
7, motor housing 8, collector tube holder 9, slot type collecting plate support 10, travelling gear
11, motor 12, storage battery
Embodiment
Below in conjunction with accompanying drawing, solar energy automatic tracking photovoltaic power generation drive system of the present invention is described in detail.
As shown in Figure 1, 2, solar energy automatic tracking photovoltaic power generation drive system structure of the present invention is: this system comprises solar groove type thermal-arrest district, solar power generation assembly, Driven by Solar Energy device, system control device.
Described solar groove type thermal-arrest district includes solar vacuum heat-collecting pipe 5, solar groove type collecting plate 6, solar automatic tracking instrument 3, collector tube holder 8; Solar vacuum heat-collecting pipe 5 is supported on solar groove type collecting plate 6 center by collector tube holder 8, and solar groove type collecting plate 6 is fixed on rotation axis 2 by slot type collecting plate support 9.The operating state that this system is run by system control device regulating system, the rotation axis 2 of described solar groove type collecting plate 6 arranges solar automatic tracking instrument 3, the electrical energy drive motor 11 produced by sunlight catcher and the solar power generation assembly of solar automatic tracking instrument 3 is driven solar groove type collecting plate 6 to follow sunlight and rotates, and solar vacuum heat-collecting pipe 5 is fixed on the groove center axis of solar groove type collecting plate 6; Solar vacuum heat-collecting pipe 5 skin is vacuum heat-insulating layer;
Described solar power generation assembly includes controller for solar, and is connected with solar module 4, storage battery 12; The solar battery sheet of solar module 4 is fixed on backboard, is supported by solar battery sheet reactor frame 1, and the power line of solar battery sheet is connected with terminal box.Solar module 4 is connected with the inverter that direct current energy converts AC energy to, and additives for overcharge protection and the over of described storage battery 12 are regulated by controller for solar.
Described system control device comprises system cloud gray model control panel, and system cloud gray model control panel is provided with interconnective system cloud gray model control axis, system running state display screen, solar automatic tracking instrument controller; Solar automatic tracking instrument controller converts the sunlight catcher light signal of solar automatic tracking instrument 3 to the signal of telecommunication, control connection and the disconnection of storage battery 12 and motor 11, regulate the slewing rate of motor 11 and rotation time, and by the signal of telecommunication by data line transfer to system cloud gray model control axis; In system cloud gray model control axis, signal of telecommunication transformation demonstrates current system running status in system running state display screen, carries out system cloud gray model control.
Embodiment:
At sun-drenched fine day; open solar automatic tracking instrument 3 and system control device; transform light energy becomes electric energy to charge to storage battery 12 by solar module 4; controller for solar carries out charge and discharge protecting to storage battery 12; storage battery 12 provides electric energy for motor 11, impels motor 11 to rotate, thus drives rotation axis 2 to rotate; make solar groove type collecting plate 6 automatically can follow sunlight to rotate, until solar groove type collecting plate 6 is vertical with sunlight.

Claims (1)

1. a solar energy automatic tracking photovoltaic power generation drive system, is characterized in that: this system comprises solar groove type thermal-arrest district, solar power generation assembly, Driven by Solar Energy device, system control device;
Described solar groove type thermal-arrest district includes solar vacuum heat-collecting pipe (5), solar groove type collecting plate (6), solar automatic tracking instrument (3), collector tube holder (8); Solar vacuum heat-collecting pipe (5) is supported on solar groove type collecting plate (6) center by collector tube holder (8), and solar groove type collecting plate (6) is fixed on rotation axis (2) by slot type collecting plate support (9); In one end of described rotation axis (2), solar automatic tracking instrument (3) is set, solar vacuum heat-collecting pipe (5) is fixed on the groove center axis of solar groove type collecting plate (6), and the skin of solar vacuum heat-collecting pipe (5) is vacuum heat-insulating layer;
Described solar power generation assembly includes controller for solar, solar module (4) and storage battery (12), and controller for solar is connected with storage battery (12) with solar module (4); The solar battery sheet of described solar module (4) is fixed on backboard, supported by solar battery sheet reactor frame (1), the power line of solar battery sheet is connected with terminal box, solar module (4) is connected with the inverter that direct current energy converts AC energy to, and additives for overcharge protection and the over of storage battery (12) are regulated by controller for solar;
Described Driven by Solar Energy device comprises motor (11), motor housing (7), rotation axis (2), described slot type collecting plate support (9) is fixed on rotation axis (2), and motor (11) drives rotation axis (2) to rotate; The electrical power storage that solar module (4) produces is in storage battery (12), storage battery (12) provides the motor drive force rotation axis (2) that (11) produce to rotate, rotation axis (2) connects solar groove type collecting plate (6) by slot type collecting plate support (9), and solar groove type collecting plate (6) is rotated;
Described system control device comprises system cloud gray model control panel, and system cloud gray model control panel is provided with interconnective system cloud gray model control axis, system running state display screen, solar automatic tracking instrument controller; Solar automatic tracking instrument controller converts the sunlight catcher light signal of solar automatic tracking instrument (3) to the signal of telecommunication, control connection and the disconnection of storage battery (12) and motor (11), regulate motor (11) slewing rate and rotation time, and by the signal of telecommunication by data line transfer to system cloud gray model control axis; In system cloud gray model control axis, signal of telecommunication transformation demonstrates current system running status in system running state display screen, carries out system cloud gray model control.
CN201210538678.6A 2012-12-11 2012-12-11 Solar energy automatic tracking photovoltaic power generation drive system Active CN103066887B (en)

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CN103066887B true CN103066887B (en) 2015-05-20

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CN107302336A (en) * 2017-06-08 2017-10-27 深圳市贝优通新能源技术开发有限公司 A kind of energy-saving graphene dispersion machine

Citations (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN201234223Y (en) * 2008-07-01 2009-05-06 比亚迪股份有限公司 Solar power supply apparatus
CN101953625A (en) * 2009-07-13 2011-01-26 时扬 Solar-powered heat collecting pipe boiler
CN101976972A (en) * 2010-10-09 2011-02-16 张国柱 Controllable double-state reflection/condensation solar energy collection power generation device
CN201904740U (en) * 2010-12-08 2011-07-20 上海理工大学 High-power solar generating device

Patent Citations (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN201234223Y (en) * 2008-07-01 2009-05-06 比亚迪股份有限公司 Solar power supply apparatus
CN101953625A (en) * 2009-07-13 2011-01-26 时扬 Solar-powered heat collecting pipe boiler
CN101976972A (en) * 2010-10-09 2011-02-16 张国柱 Controllable double-state reflection/condensation solar energy collection power generation device
CN201904740U (en) * 2010-12-08 2011-07-20 上海理工大学 High-power solar generating device

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