CN103138629A - Horizontal rotating mechanism of photovoltaic tracker - Google Patents

Horizontal rotating mechanism of photovoltaic tracker Download PDF

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Publication number
CN103138629A
CN103138629A CN2011103747658A CN201110374765A CN103138629A CN 103138629 A CN103138629 A CN 103138629A CN 2011103747658 A CN2011103747658 A CN 2011103747658A CN 201110374765 A CN201110374765 A CN 201110374765A CN 103138629 A CN103138629 A CN 103138629A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
worm
bearing
wheel shaft
vertical
tracking device
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
Application number
CN2011103747658A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
胡剑峰
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Xian Dayu Optoelectronic Technology Co Ltd
Original Assignee
Xian Dayu Optoelectronic Technology Co Ltd
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Xian Dayu Optoelectronic Technology Co Ltd filed Critical Xian Dayu Optoelectronic Technology Co Ltd
Priority to CN2011103747658A priority Critical patent/CN103138629A/en
Publication of CN103138629A publication Critical patent/CN103138629A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02EREDUCTION OF GREENHOUSE GAS [GHG] EMISSIONS, RELATED TO ENERGY GENERATION, TRANSMISSION OR DISTRIBUTION
    • Y02E10/00Energy generation through renewable energy sources
    • Y02E10/50Photovoltaic [PV] energy

Abstract

The invention discloses a horizontal rotating mechanism of a photovoltaic tracker. The horizontal rotating mechanism comprises a support base, a servo motor fixedly connected at the top end of the support base, a worm and worm gear reducing mechanism connected with an output shaft of the servo motor, a harmonic gear reducing mechanism connected with the worm and worm gear reducing mechanism, a vertical shaft connected with the harmonic gear reducing mechanism and a horizontal rotating platform connected at the top end of the vertical shaft. The worm and worm gear reducing mechanism and the harmonic wave gear reducing mechanism are both installed in the reducing box which comprises a lower box body fixedly connected at the top end of the support base and an upper box body movably connected at the top end of the lower box body, a vertical bearing is installed in the upper box body, the lower half part of the vertical shaft is installed in the vertical shaft, and the top end of the upper box body is connected with a vertical bearing cover. The horizontal rotating mechanism is simple in structure, reasonable in design, convenient to achieve, high in intelligence degree, convenient to use and operate, high in rotating and positioning accuracy, low in cost, strong in practical applicability, good in using effect and convenient to popularize and use.

Description

Photovoltaic tracking device horizontal rotary mechanism
Technical field
The invention belongs to the solar energy generation technology field, especially relate to a kind of photovoltaic tracking device horizontal rotary mechanism.
Background technology
World energy sources is increasingly exhausted, and the development and utilization of regenerative resource has a extensive future, and is comprehensive, to utilize solar energy expeditiously be the target that the stakeholder pursues.Photovoltaic power generation apparatus utilizes solar panel to accept solar light irradiation, is electric energy with transform light energy.The solar panel generating capacity is directly proportional to the light intensity of its reception, and the generating capacity of incident sunlight during perpendicular to solar panel is the strongest, in existing equipment, have the photovoltaic generating system of a lot of tracking sun to have complex structure, tracking accuracy is low, failure rate is high, the high in cost of production shortcoming, be difficult to be generalized in real life and use.
Summary of the invention
Technical problem to be solved by this invention is for above-mentioned deficiency of the prior art, a kind of photovoltaic tracking device horizontal rotary mechanism is provided, and it is simple in structure, and is reasonable in design, it is convenient to realize, intelligent degree is high, uses simple operation, and the rotation positioning accuracy is high, realize that cost is low, practical, result of use is good, is convenient to promote the use of.
for solving the problems of the technologies described above, the technical solution used in the present invention is: a kind of photovoltaic tracking device horizontal rotary mechanism, it is characterized in that: comprise bearing, be fixedly connected on the servomotor on bearing top, the turbine and worm decelerator that is connected with the servomotor output shaft, the harmonic drive structure that is connected with turbine and worm decelerator, the vertical axes that is connected with the harmonic drive structure and be connected to the platform that horizontally rotates on vertical axes top, described turbine and worm decelerator and harmonic wave gear reduction are installed in reduction box, described reduction box comprises the lower box and the upper box that is movably connected in the lower box top that is fixedly connected on the bearing top, vertical bearing is installed in described upper box, the latter half of described vertical axes is arranged in vertical bearing, the top of described upper box is connected with vertical bearing cap.
Above-mentioned photovoltaic tracking device horizontal rotary mechanism, it is characterized in that: described turbine and worm decelerator comprise the worm screw that is connected with the servomotor output shaft by shaft coupling and with the worm gear of worm engaging, the two ends of described worm screw all are connected on lower box by horizontal bearing, and described worm gear is connected with lower box with vertical axes by worm-wheel shaft.
Above-mentioned photovoltaic tracking device horizontal rotary mechanism, it is characterized in that: the bottom of described vertical axes is equipped with the first worm-wheel shaft bearing, the bottom of described lower box is equipped with the second worm-wheel shaft bearing, the top of described worm-wheel shaft is arranged in the first worm-wheel shaft bearing, and the top of described worm-wheel shaft is arranged in the second worm-wheel shaft bearing.
Above-mentioned photovoltaic tracking device horizontal rotary mechanism is characterized in that: described harmonic drive structure comprises the wave producer that is arranged on worm-wheel shaft, is fixed on the flexible gear that the rigid gear on upper shell and be fixedly connected with vertical axes and is used for driving the vertical axes rotation.
Above-mentioned photovoltaic tracking device horizontal rotary mechanism is characterized in that: described vertical bearing is two, is provided with spacer sleeve between two described vertical bearings.
Above-mentioned photovoltaic tracking device horizontal rotary mechanism is characterized in that: described upper box is movably connected in the lower box top by screw rod.
Above-mentioned photovoltaic tracking device horizontal rotary mechanism, it is characterized in that: described bearing is installed on the ground by anchor bolt.
The present invention compared with prior art has the following advantages:
1, the present invention is made of bearing, the servomotor that is fixedly connected on the bearing top, the turbine and worm decelerator that is connected with the servomotor output shaft, the harmonic drive structure that is connected with turbine and worm decelerator, the vertical axes that is connected with the harmonic drive structure, the reduction box that horizontally rotates platform and be used for installing turbine and worm decelerator and harmonic wave gear reduction that is connected to the vertical axes top, simple in structure, reasonable in design, it is convenient to realize.
2, the present invention in use, only needs external controller, just can realize being arranged on the rotation of solar energy photovoltaic panel on longitudinal that horizontally rotates on platform, and intelligent degree is high, uses simple operation.
3, in the present invention, design has realized turbine and worm decelerator and harmonic wave gear reduction double reduction mechanism, and the rotating speed of servomotor is slowed down, and slows down effective, can realize horizontally rotating the steady rotation of platform, rotates positioning accuracy high.
4, the present invention makes solar panel can automatically follow sun adjustment, makes it consistent with sunlight on longitudinal, is conducive to improve the generating capacity of photovoltaic power generation apparatus.
5, of the present inventionly realize that cost is low, practical, result of use is good, is convenient to promote the use of.
In sum, the present invention is simple in structure, and is reasonable in design, and it is convenient to realize, intelligent degree is high, uses simple operation, and the rotation positioning accuracy is high, realizes that cost is low, and practical, result of use is good, is convenient to promote the use of.
Below by drawings and Examples, technical scheme of the present invention is described in further detail.
Description of drawings
Fig. 1 is structural representation of the present invention.
Description of reference numerals:
The vertical bearing cap of 1-; The 2-vertical axes; 3-horizontally rotates platform;
The vertical bearing of 4-; The 5-upper box; The 6-spacer sleeve;
The 7-flexible gear; The 8-wave producer; The 9-rigid gear;
The 10-lower box; The 11-shaft coupling; The 12-servomotor;
The 13-horizontal bearing; The 14-worm screw; The 15-worm gear;
The 16-anchor bolt; The 17-bearing; The 18-screw rod;
The 19-worm-wheel shaft; 20-the first worm-wheel shaft bearing; 21-the second worm-wheel shaft bearing.
Embodiment
as shown in Figure 1, the present invention includes bearing 17, be fixedly connected on the servomotor 12 on bearing 17 tops, the turbine and worm decelerator that is connected with servomotor 12 output shafts, the harmonic drive structure that is connected with turbine and worm decelerator, the vertical axes 2 that is connected with the harmonic drive structure and be connected to vertical axes 2 tops horizontally rotate platform 3, described turbine and worm decelerator and harmonic wave gear reduction are installed in reduction box, described reduction box comprises the lower box 10 and the upper box 5 that is movably connected in lower box 10 tops that is fixedly connected on bearing 17 tops, vertical bearing 4 is installed in described upper box 5, the latter half of described vertical axes 2 is arranged in vertical bearing 4, the top of described upper box 5 is connected with vertical bearing cap 1.
As shown in Figure 1, in the present embodiment, described turbine and worm decelerator comprises the worm screw 14 that is connected with servomotor 12 output shafts by shaft coupling 11 and the worm gear 15 that meshes with worm screw 14, the two ends of described worm screw 14 all are connected on lower box 10 by horizontal bearing 13, and described worm gear 15 is connected with lower box with vertical axes 2 by worm-wheel shaft 19 and is connected.The bottom of described vertical axes 2 is equipped with the first worm-wheel shaft bearing 20, the bottom of described lower box 10 is equipped with the second worm-wheel shaft bearing 21, the top of described worm-wheel shaft 19 is arranged in the first worm-wheel shaft bearing 20, and the top of described worm-wheel shaft 19 is arranged in the second worm-wheel shaft bearing 21.Described harmonic drive structure comprises the wave producer 8 that is arranged on worm-wheel shaft 19, is fixed on the flexible gear 7 that the rigid gear 9 on upper shell 5 and be fixedly connected with vertical axes 2 and is used for driving vertical axes 2 rotations.Described vertical bearing 4 is two, is provided with spacer sleeve 6 between two described vertical bearings 4.Described upper box 5 is movably connected in lower box 10 tops by screw rod 18.Described bearing 17 is installed on the ground by anchor bolt 16.
operation principle of the present invention and the course of work are: calculate and record the in such a month, and on such a day sun altitude in some time of photovoltaic tracking device horizontal rotary mechanism of the present invention location by the computing formula of solar azimuth, according to the data that calculated, control servomotor 12 rotations by external controller, servomotor 12 drives worm screw 14 rotations, begin rotation with the worm gear 15 of worm screw 14 engagements, worm gear 15 drives the wave producer 8 that is arranged on worm-wheel shaft 19 and rotates, thereby driving flexible gear 7 rotates, and then drive vertical axes 2 rotations, so just drive the rotation that horizontally rotates platform 3.When above horizontally rotating platform 3, solar energy photovoltaic panel being installed, just realized the rotation of solar energy photovoltaic panel on longitudinal, make solar panel can automatically follow sun adjustment, make it consistent with sunlight on longitudinal, be conducive to improve the generating capacity of photovoltaic power generation apparatus.
The above; it is only preferred embodiment of the present invention; be not that the present invention is imposed any restrictions, every any simple modification, change and equivalent structure of above embodiment being done according to the technology of the present invention essence changes, and all still belongs in the protection range of technical solution of the present invention.

Claims (7)

1. photovoltaic tracking device horizontal rotary mechanism, it is characterized in that: comprise bearing (17), be fixedly connected on the servomotor (12) on bearing (17) top, the turbine and worm decelerator that is connected with servomotor (12) output shaft, the harmonic drive structure that is connected with turbine and worm decelerator, the vertical axes (2) that is connected with the harmonic drive structure and be connected to vertical axes (2) top horizontally rotate platform (3), described turbine and worm decelerator and harmonic wave gear reduction are installed in reduction box, described reduction box comprises the lower box (10) that is fixedly connected on bearing (17) top and the upper box (5) that is movably connected in lower box (10) top, vertical bearing (4) is installed in described upper box (5), the latter half of described vertical axes (2) is arranged in vertical bearing (4), the top of described upper box (5) is connected with vertical bearing cap (1).
2. according to photovoltaic tracking device horizontal rotary mechanism claimed in claim 1, it is characterized in that: described turbine and worm decelerator comprises the worm screw (14) that is connected with servomotor (12) output shaft by shaft coupling (11) and the worm gear (15) that meshes with worm screw (14), the two ends of described worm screw (14) all are connected on lower box (10) by horizontal bearing (13), and described worm gear (15) is connected 10 with vertical axes (2) with lower box by worm-wheel shaft (19)) be connected.
3. according to photovoltaic tracking device horizontal rotary mechanism claimed in claim 2, it is characterized in that: the bottom of described vertical axes (2) is equipped with the first worm-wheel shaft bearing (20), the bottom of described lower box (10) is equipped with the second worm-wheel shaft bearing (21), the top of described worm-wheel shaft (19) is arranged in the first worm-wheel shaft bearing (20), and the top of described worm-wheel shaft (19) is arranged in the second worm-wheel shaft bearing (21).
4. according to photovoltaic tracking device horizontal rotary mechanism claimed in claim 2, it is characterized in that: described harmonic drive structure comprises the wave producer (8) that is arranged on worm-wheel shaft (19), is fixed on the flexible gear (7) that the rigid gear (9) on upper shell (5) and be fixedly connected with vertical axes (2) and is used for driving vertical axes (2) rotation.
5. according to the described photovoltaic tracking device of arbitrary claim horizontal rotary mechanism in claim 1~4, it is characterized in that: described vertical bearing (4) is two, is provided with spacer sleeve (6) between two described vertical bearings (4).
6. according to the described photovoltaic tracking device of arbitrary claim horizontal rotary mechanism in claim 1~4, it is characterized in that: described upper box (5) is movably connected in lower box (10) top by screw rod (18).
7. according to the described photovoltaic tracking device of arbitrary claim horizontal rotary mechanism in claim 1~4, it is characterized in that: described bearing (17) is installed on the ground by anchor bolt (16).
CN2011103747658A 2011-11-23 2011-11-23 Horizontal rotating mechanism of photovoltaic tracker Pending CN103138629A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN2011103747658A CN103138629A (en) 2011-11-23 2011-11-23 Horizontal rotating mechanism of photovoltaic tracker

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN2011103747658A CN103138629A (en) 2011-11-23 2011-11-23 Horizontal rotating mechanism of photovoltaic tracker

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN103138629A true CN103138629A (en) 2013-06-05

Family

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Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN2011103747658A Pending CN103138629A (en) 2011-11-23 2011-11-23 Horizontal rotating mechanism of photovoltaic tracker

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN103138629A (en)

Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN106160639A (en) * 2016-05-27 2016-11-23 贾绍斌 The solar cell intelligence settled date follows the tracks of robot
US9611927B2 (en) 2014-09-23 2017-04-04 Cone Drive Operations, Inc. Worm gearing with harmonic drive or strain wave gearing primary
CN107368107A (en) * 2017-09-07 2017-11-21 北京化工大学 A kind of solar panel automatic alignment system

Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US9611927B2 (en) 2014-09-23 2017-04-04 Cone Drive Operations, Inc. Worm gearing with harmonic drive or strain wave gearing primary
CN106160639A (en) * 2016-05-27 2016-11-23 贾绍斌 The solar cell intelligence settled date follows the tracks of robot
CN106160639B (en) * 2016-05-27 2018-04-17 贾绍斌 Solar cell intelligence settled date tracking robot
CN107368107A (en) * 2017-09-07 2017-11-21 北京化工大学 A kind of solar panel automatic alignment system

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Application publication date: 20130605