CN102935442B - Organic solid waste fermentation system - Google Patents

Organic solid waste fermentation system Download PDF

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Publication number
CN102935442B
CN102935442B CN201210419045.3A CN201210419045A CN102935442B CN 102935442 B CN102935442 B CN 102935442B CN 201210419045 A CN201210419045 A CN 201210419045A CN 102935442 B CN102935442 B CN 102935442B
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China
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fermentation
bag
breather
air
solid waste
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CN102935442A (en
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何曙光
何查霖
何适
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GUANGXI LAIYUAN BIOLOGICAL TECHNOLOGY Co Ltd
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GUANGXI LAIYUAN BIOLOGICAL TECHNOLOGY Co Ltd
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Abstract

The invention discloses an organic solid waste fermentation system which is composed at least one fermentation unit, wherein the fermentation unit comprises a bearing device (1), a fermentation device, a detection device and a temperature/humidity regulation and control device (14); the fermentation device is arranged in the bearing device (1); the detection device is arranged in the fermentation device; and the temperature/humidity regulation and control device (14) is arranged on the bottom wall of the bearing device (1). The organic solid waste fermentation system is characterized in that the top of the bearing device (1) is provided with a fixing device I (9) and a fixing device II (10); and the fermentation device comprises a fermentation bag (6), a traction belt (15), a central shaft tube (4), a lifter (8) and a ventilation device (5). According to the invention, the organic solid waste fermentation system has the advantages of small occupied area, low fermentation cost, less environmental pollution, capability of realizing automatic and large-scale production and the like; no matter how large the production scale is, the fermentation process can be finished by only one person; and hand stirring is not required in the whole fermentation process.

Description

Organic solid waste fermentation system
Technical field
The present invention relates to and belongs to field of fermentation equipment, specifically a kind of organic solid waste fermentation system.
Background technology
Along with the fast development of Chinese society economy and urbanization, the organic solid waste generations such as urban wastewater treatment firm mud, organic industrial sewage mud, feces of livestock and poultry, house refuse, farming stalk get more and more.High-moisture percentage in organic solid waste and high organic content make it very easily corrupt smelly, in addition also containing a large amount of pathogenic microorganism, parasitic ovum and heavy metal, if effectively do not processed disposal to it, will welding, polluted-water and soil, be detrimental to health.
Organic solid waste fermentation mode is varied, and generally speaking substantially divide open type and the large class of closed fermentation two, open type fermentation is a kind of ancient fermentation technique, is divided into heap formula and storehouse formula two kinds of forms.About open type fermentation, we find following open source literature:
1. application number: 00253853.9, utility model title: dark pond solid fermentation high efficient stirring device, summary: a kind of dark pond solid fermentation high efficient stirring device comprises the pond body that is contained fermentation materials, pond there is the bridge shape longitudinal traveling mechanism of frame on guide rail, the horizontal walking dolly of frame on longitudinal traveling mechanism, horizontal walking dolly is equipped with vertical material lifting mechanism and horizontal feeding unit, control controlled motion is divided by electric control part, its vertical material lifting mechanism is bucket elevator, its horizontal feeding unit is belt feeder or conveying worm, its horizontal feeding unit front end is provided with axial flow blower cooling body.This device can improve quality and the uniformity of compost, reduces the labour intensity of workman, makes fermentation waste realize batch production, automation, scale.
2. application number: 200910195541.3, denomination of invention: novel intermittent-dynamic rapid high-temperature aerobic fermentation chamber, summary: be provided with waste gas collection device bottom this fermentation cabin case center upper portion position, waste gas collection device bottom is provided with organic solid castoff even distribution device, the column that described organic solid castoff even distribution device is arranged on the left of case inner chamber by one, column top is provided with conveying device obliquely and a corresponding formation of oscillating chute be positioned on the right side of this conveying device immediately below port, the bottom of described oscillating chute is provided with fermentation cabin, the bottom of fermentation cabin is provided with feeder, the bottom of feeder is provided with screw rod drawing mechanism, screw rod drawing mechanism is extruded the material completing fermentation from the outlet of fermentation cabin right flank.The present invention compared with the existing technology, is taken up an area face little, mechanization degree is high, automaticity is high, fermentation efficiency is high, effective, as long as air feed is continuous, ensures the temperature of a suitable flora growth in fermentation cabin all the time, improves fermenting speed.
But open type fermentation floor space is large, very easily produces waste gas, waste water, waste residue cause the shortcomings such as secondary pollution, there is very large uncontrollability.
Existing closed fermentation to need the material of fermentation to put into airtight container, ventilation space is left at container bottom, also have prior for ventilation facility pre-buried good, or ferment in methods such as fermentation materials internal drillings, period will be carried out several to material and stirred or be pressed into air in fermentation material.About closed fermentation, we find following open source literature:
1. application number: 01270618.3, utility model title: aerobic fermentationd device for solid organics, summary: a kind of aerobic fermentationd device for solid organics, comprise: utilize belt to carry out the motion of material layering and belt to realize the transmission of material, described material layering, then according to the foundation of SOLID ORGANIC material fermentation time as layering, belt is utilized to bear material and layering, described material transmission, then by the even movement of the motion control belt of power drum and bend pulley, guarantee the mutual transmission of each layer material.This device becomes fertilizer after can carrying out aerobic fermentation process to the solid waste of organic composition content high (more than 40%-80%).
2. application number: 201120302973.2, utility model title: a kind of aerobic fermentation chamber, summary: the utility model discloses a kind of aerobic fermentation chamber, comprising the pond body being positioned at bottom and the printing opacity ceiling that keeps off the rain be positioned at above the body of pond, in described pond body, being provided with the oxygen supply path to treating fermentate oxygen supply.Oxygen supply path comprises the pipeline be laid on bottom the body of pond, and pipeline is connected with source of the gas, and pipeline has gas outlet, and lays blinding on pipeline.Oxygen supply path air out fully contacts, for the fermentation of fermentate provides oxygen with the fermentate stacked in the body of pond.The utility model can effectively solve, the problem that existing solid fermentation apparatus is large to amount of fermentation, the solid fermentation thing of fermentation period length exists treating capacity deficiency, economic benefit is low.
3. application number: 201120348046.4, utility model title: a kind of improving device for aerobic fermentation of urban garbage, summary: comprise charging driving device structure, discharge driving device structure, spray pump mechanism, filtering material, draining intaking valve structure, agitator structure, drainage conduit, feed pipe, the main body of aerobic degradation device is the degraded tank of cavity structure, on cavity structure in degraded tank, in, bottom is divided into air storage chamber, degraded room, fluid reservoir three parts, the top of degraded tank connects feed pipe, feed pipe is provided with charging drive unit, the top of degraded tank is also provided with exhaust pressure relief pipe and catalyst adding tube, degraded tank low side establishes draining intake valve, the draining intake valve other end connects drainage conduit, drainage conduit is provided with discharge drive unit.The utility model has that degradation efficiency is higher, more reasonable structure, distribution more all, advantage that floor space is less.
4. application number: 201120494797.7, utility model title: a kind of silo-type biosolids aerobic fermentation reactor, summary: comprise the silo of upright cylindrical shape, distributing device, aeration tube, air blast, exhaust blower and the discharging machine for discharging for adding materials in silo.The advantages such as it is little that the utility model has floor space, and fermentation period is short.
5. application number: 200810230643.X, denomination of invention: Italic gas pulsation solid fermentation reaction combined storehouse, summary: comprise aseptic air feed system, scraper plate elevator system, sealing screw conducting system, inoculation feeding-system, automatic checkout system, computerized control system, filtrated air filtration system, fermentation reaction combined storehouse is made up of the fermentation cabin of a material steam explosion system and a chelatropic reaction storehouse and at least one group, the warehouse of fermentation cabin is independent closed formula structure, warehouse becomes 25 ° of-75 ° of overturning angles to arrange, oblique cabin inwall is provided with pulsating conveyer and cloth wind and supply air system, conveying worm and cowling panel is provided with at the top of warehouse, anti-V-type ventilating board is provided with at the bottom of the storehouse of fermentation cabin, the corner, top of fermentation cabin is provided with the inoculation shower nozzle spraying into bacterium liquid.Advantage is: italic formula warehouse, is convenient to material lifting; Each warehouse is independent system, is easy to control miscellaneous bacteria; Production efficiency is high, energy consumption is little, be suitable for stalk, the assorted dregs of rice, various agricultural byproducts auxiliary material to make microbial bacterial agent or biological protein feedstuff.
6. application number: 200420118492.6, utility model title: a kind of Large Copacity solid biologic fermenting tower, summary: it is carried formed with exhaust treatment system etc. by fermentation tower, fermenting cellar, screw feeder turner, cloth transfer system, air.It is characterized in that: provide a kind of Large Copacity solid biologic fermenting tower, its simple and ingenious structure, fermentation efficiency is high, and energy consumption is low, capacity is large, and floor space is little, processing ease, easy to maintenance, can not cause secondary pollution.
Its closed fermentation technique defect map is now in the following areas: 1, land utilization ratio is low, closes round height at present and is generally no more than 2 meters, and fermentation yield is very large by site factors restriction; 2 if laminated vessel fermentation, then equipment investment cost is very high;
3, require in sweat constantly to carry out ventilating or stirring, power consumption of taking a lot of work, fermentation costs is high.
Summary of the invention
The object of the invention is to overcome the deficiencies in the prior art; there is provided that a kind of floor space is little, fermentation costs is low, environmental pollution is little, can the organic solid waste fermentation system of automation and large-scale production; no matter much production scales; sweat only needs one man operation just can complete, without the need to artificial stirring in whole sweat.
In order to achieve the above object, the present invention is achieved by the following technical solutions:
A kind of organic solid waste fermentation system, be made up of at least one fermentation unit, described fermentation unit comprises load carrier, installation for fermenting, checkout gear and temp moisture regulator, installation for fermenting is provided with in load carrier, checkout gear is provided with in installation for fermenting, temp moisture regulator is located in load carrier base wall, and load carrier top described in it is provided with fixture I and fixture II; Described installation for fermenting comprises fermentation bag, leash, central siphon, lifter and air-breather; Described air-breather is located in fermentation bag, and fermentation bag inside center is provided with central siphon; Described central siphon top is connected with fixture II, is provided with lifter in central siphon; Described lifter upper end is connected with fixture II; Described fermentation bag upper and lower opening, fermentation bag upper bag mouth is connected with fixture I; Described leash one end is connected with fermentation bag outer surface, and the other end is connected with lifter lower end.
The above air-breather is any one or a few combination in tubular type air-breather, board-like air-breather, Inflated model air-breather and folded pocket type air-breather.
The above tubular type air-breather is made up of the breather pipe that at least one is located at fermentation bag inside, and breather pipe inner hollow, tube wall is set to ventilating structure.Its upper end is connected with fixture II, and bottom when lower end is drawn in fermentation bag flushes.
The above board-like air-breather is made up of the vent board that at least one piece is located at fermentation bag inside, and described vent board is made up of two pieces of parallel films, is provided with space, is provided with ventilating structure between space between two pieces of films; Described vent board upper end is connected with fixture II, and bottom when lower end is drawn in fermentation bag flushes.
The above vent board lower end is provided with the soft bag that gas permeable material is housed.
The above folded pocket type air-breather by least one be located at breathable films bag inside fermentation bag from outer to inner layer by layer intussusception form, described breathable films bag be set to can breathe freely, the double membrane structure of load-bearing and the bottom openable and/or single-layer membrane structure, described breathable films bag upper and lower opening, upper bag mouth is connected with fixture II, lower bag mouth is connected with leash one end, and the leash other end is connected with lifter lower end.
The model of pipe/plate or other shapes that the above Inflated model air-breather is located at fermentation bag inside by least one or one piece forms, this model inner hollow, its wall is set to air-locked totally-enclosed membrane structure, model upper end is connected with fixture II, and having air compressor to be connected in model, lower end length exceedes bottom when fermentation bag draws in.
The above load carrier is load-bearing tank or bearing frame.
The tank skin of the above load-bearing tank is set to individual layer or double-decker.
The liquid for regulating temperature is provided with between above-mentioned double-decker.
The above bearing frame is cylindrical structural or cube structure.
The above checkout gear is made up of temperature measurer and moisture apparatus, and temperature measurer and moisture apparatus are all located between air-breather.
The above central siphon is set to inner hollow, and tube wall is set to ventilating structure, and central siphon length and caliber are how many and determine according to amount of fermentation.The above leash is set to the banded structure that can draw with load-bearing.
The above fermentation bag up/down perforation, for breathing freely, the membrane structure of load-bearing and the bottom openable; The length of described fermentation bag is more than 1 times of sack radius.
The present invention can be used for process various farming stalk (rape straw, cornstalk, straw, corn, beans bar, peanut bar, sugarcane bar, Cassava stalk etc.), dish leaf, pericarp, swill, vinasse, fowl and animal excrement, starch factory waste residue, filter mud of sugar refinery, sewage plant sludge etc.Below that the present invention is further described:
Fermentation bag of the present invention, is made up of the material with necessarily acidproof, alkaline-resisting, resistance to temperature (more than 40 DEG C), can adopt the net etc. that PPC plastic knitting film, stainless steel wire and other compound materials in soft-type material such as film material weave.Its Main Function is charge, has ventilative, load-bearing and bottom folding function.
Leash of the present invention plays traction and load-bearing effect to fermentation bag, and leash quantity, width, thickness and belt distance can decide according to fermentation bag size.Leash and fermentation bag be connected with various ways, when fermentation bag intensity is not enough to carrying fermentation materials, leash one end can extend to upper bag mouth from fermentation bag lower bag mouth, is connected (method of attachment can be various) together with upper bag mouth with fixture II; When fermentation bag intensity is enough to carrying fermentation materials, leash one end can be fixed on any position of more than fermentation bag lower bag mouth or lower bag mouth.
Lifter of the present invention, it has two major functions, and one is the power controlling the folding of fermentation bag lower bag mouth, and two is load-bearing.When lifter works, by leash, fermentation bag lower bag mouth is opened or closed.
Central siphon inner hollow of the present invention, tube wall has gas permeability, and it has two effects, and one is ventilation, and two is protection leash and lifter; Its length and caliber can be determined according to the number of amount of fermentation.
Air-breather of the present invention can adopt two kinds of methods to ventilate, one is natural ventilation method, a kind of artificial ventilation's method, can the needs of and fermentation time length how many according to amount of fermentation, any one method or two kinds of methods combining are taked to use respectively, two kinds of vent methods carry out work by same set of air-breather, air compressor can be connected with air-breather during utilization.It is natural ventilation fermentation when air compressor does not work; Air compressor is opened, by air-breather by air Injection fermentation materials when needs carry out artificial ventilation.
Temperature measurer of the present invention and moisture apparatus are the digital implementations be arranged on respectively in fermentation bag between air-breather, and it detects data and can show on operation bench, can temperature and humidity in the inner sweat of at-once monitor fermentation bag.
Temp moisture regulator of the present invention can regulate and control the temperature and humidity of material in fermentation bag.Temp moisture regulator of the present invention is air blast, fan etc.
The operation principle of the single fermentation unit of the present invention is:
When fermentation bag needs splendid attire material, by leash, by fermentation bag lower bag mouth, along axis, inside then upwards lifting enters central siphon lower port to lifter together, like this, fermentation bag bottom lock completes, and the distance upwards promoted can just form closed state according to all parts in fermentation bag lower bag mouth edge with central siphon lower port and be as the criterion.Like this, fermentation materials can be loaded into bag from fermentation bag upper bag mouth and ferments; When needs discharging time, lifter declines, and leash moves down, and fermentation bag lower bag mouth squeezes under being fermented the gravity of material own wt generation and opens, and namely material freely can be fallen by the space between leash.
Compared with prior art, the invention has the beneficial effects as follows:
(1) land use rate is high, and the present invention can superpose by multiple fermentation unit simultaneously up and down ferments, can up to tens meters;
(2) in sweat of the present invention without the need to artificial stirring, whole fermentation system uses automatically controlled circuit to operate completely, both can make single lifter independent operating, and all lifters also can be made to run simultaneously, all operations all concentrates in a Master Control Room and carries out, and has been controlled by a people;
(3) this installation for fermenting cost performance is reasonable, and material fermentation cost is low;
(4) whole sweat is without waste gas, waste water, waste sludge discharge, environmentally safe;
(5) can mass automatic production, no matter production scale is much, and sweat only needs one man operation just can complete.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the present invention 1 fermentation unit;
Fig. 2 is the sectional view of the embodiment of the present invention 1 fermentation unit;
Fig. 3 is the top view of the embodiment of the present invention 1 fermentation unit;
Fig. 4 is the A-A sectional view of the non-splendid attire material of the embodiment of the present invention 1 fermentation unit;
Fig. 5 is the A-A sectional view of the embodiment of the present invention 1 fermentation unit splendid attire material;
Fig. 6 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the present invention 2 fermentation unit;
Fig. 7 is cylindrical bearing frame structural representation of the present invention;
Fig. 8 is cube bearing frame structural representation of the present invention;
Fig. 9 is tubular type air-breather of the present invention;
Figure 10 is board-like air-breather I of the present invention;
Figure 11 is board-like air-breather II of the present invention;
Figure 12 is folded pocket type air-breather I of the present invention;
Figure 13 is folded pocket type air-breather II of the present invention;
Figure 14 is the present invention's 3 fermentation unit combining structure schematic diagrames;
Figure 15 is applied to the structural representation of fermentation tank when being the non-splendid attire material of fermentation unit of the present invention;
Figure 16 is applied to the structural representation of fermentation tank when being fermentation unit splendid attire material of the present invention;
Reference numeral:
1-load carrier, 2-temperature measurer, 3-moisture apparatus, 4-central siphon, 5-air-breather, 6-fermentation bag, 7-axis, 8-lifter, 9-fixture I, 10-fixture II, 11-airspace, 12-interlayer, 13-junction, 14-temp moisture regulator, 15-leash, 16-double membrane structure, 17-single-layer membrane structure, the soft bag of 18-.
Specific embodiment
Below in conjunction with embodiment, the present invention is described in further detail, but embodiments of the present invention are not limited to the scope that embodiment represents.
Embodiment 1:
As shown in Fig. 1 ~ Fig. 5, a kind of organic solid waste fermentation system, be made up of a fermentation unit, fermentation unit comprises load carrier 1, installation for fermenting, checkout gear and temp moisture regulator 14, load carrier 1 is double-decker load-bearing tank, installation for fermenting is provided with in load carrier 1, checkout gear is provided with in installation for fermenting, temp moisture regulator 14 is located in load carrier 1 base wall, load carrier 1 top is provided with fixture I 9 and fixture II 10, installation for fermenting comprises fermentation bag 6, leash 15, central siphon 4, lifter 8 and air-breather 5, air-breather 5 is located in fermentation bag 6, fermentation bag 6 is set to can breathe freely, the membrane structure of load-bearing and the bottom openable, the length of fermentation bag 6 is more than 1 times of sack radius, fermentation bag 6 inside center is provided with central siphon 4, central siphon 4 tube wall is set to ventilating structure, central siphon 4 length and caliber are how many and determine according to amount of fermentation, central siphon 4 top is connected with fixture II 10, lifter 8 is provided with in central siphon 4, lifter 8 upper end is connected with fixture II 10, fermentation bag 6 upper and lower opening, fermentation bag 6 upper bag mouth is connected with fixture I 9, and lower bag mouth is drawn in from outside to inside by leash 15 one end, is connected after leash 15 other end collects through central siphon lower port with lifter 8 lower end.
Air-breather 5 is tubular type air-breather, and the breather pipe being located at fermentation bag 6 inside by least one forms, breather pipe inner hollow, and tube wall is set to ventilating structure, and its upper end is connected with fixture II 10, and bottom when lower end is drawn in fermentation bag 6 flushes; Checkout gear is made up of temperature measurer 2 and moisture apparatus 3, and temperature measurer 2 and moisture apparatus 3 are all located between the air-breather 5 in fermentation bag 6.
Its course of work is as follows:
During charging, by leash 15, by fermentation bag 6 lower bag mouth, along axis 7, inside then upwards lifting enters central siphon 4 lower port to lifter 8 together, like this, fermentation bag 6 bottom lock completes, and the distance upwards promoted can just form closed state according to all parts in fermentation bag 6 lower bag mouth edge with central siphon 4 lower port and be as the criterion.
Fermentation materials loads from fermentation unit top, ferments after filling fermentation bag 6, can be monitored the temperature and humidity in fermentation bag 6 in the middle of fermentation by temperature measurer 2 and moisture apparatus 3; The temperature and humidity in fermentation bag 6 can be regulated by temp moisture regulator 14; By changing the temperature of liquid in interlayer 12, the temperature in fermentation bag 6 can be regulated.
During discharging, lifter 8 declines, leash 15 junction moves down, and fermentation bag 6 lower bag mouth squeezes under being fermented the gravity of material own wt generation and opens, and namely fermentation materials freely can be fallen in the accumulator tank entered bottom fermentation system by the space between leash.
Embodiment 2:
As Figure 14, shown in Figure 15, a kind of organic solid waste fermentation system, superposed up and down by two fermentation unit to form, each fermentation unit comprises load carrier 1, installation for fermenting, checkout gear and temp moisture regulator 14, load carrier 1 is single layer structure load-bearing tank, installation for fermenting is provided with in load carrier 1, checkout gear is provided with in installation for fermenting, temp moisture regulator 14 is located in load carrier 1 base wall, load carrier 1 top is provided with fixture II 10, described installation for fermenting comprises fermentation bag 6, leash 15, central siphon 4, lifter 8 and air-breather 5, air-breather 5 is located in fermentation bag 6, fermentation bag 6 is set to can breathe freely, the film of load-bearing and the bottom openable, the length of fermentation bag 6 is more than 1 times of sack radius, fermentation bag 6 inside center is provided with central siphon 4, central siphon 4 inner hollow, tube wall is set to ventilating structure, central siphon 4 length and caliber are how many and determine according to amount of fermentation, central siphon 4 top is connected with fixture II 10, lifter 8 is provided with in central siphon 4, lifter 8 upper end is connected with fixture II 10, fermentation bag 6 upper and lower opening, fermentation bag 6 upper bag mouth is connected with fixture I 9, and lower bag mouth is drawn in from outside to inside by leash 15 one end, is connected after leash 15 other end collects through central siphon lower port with lifter 8 lower end.Checkout gear is made up of temperature measurer 2 and moisture apparatus 3, and temperature measurer 2 and moisture apparatus 3 are all located between the air-breather 5 in fermentation bag 6.
Its course of work is as follows:
During charging, by leash 15, by fermentation bag 6 lower bag mouth, along axis 7, inside then upwards lifting enters central siphon 4 lower port to the lifter 8 of two fermentation unit together, like this, fermentation bag 6 bottom lock completes, and the distance upwards promoted can just form closed state according to all parts in fermentation bag 6 lower bag mouth edge with central siphon 4 lower port and be as the criterion.
Fermentation materials loads from a upper fermentation unit top, ferments after filling fermentation bag 6; The temperature and humidity in fermentation bag 6 can be monitored by temperature measurer 2 and moisture apparatus 3 in the middle of fermentation; The temperature and humidity in fermentation bag 6 can be regulated by temp moisture regulator 14; By changing the temperature of liquid in interlayer 12, the temperature in fermentation bag 6 can be regulated.
During discharging, the lifter 8 controlling a fermentation unit declines, leash 15 junction moves down, and fermentation bag 6 lower bag mouth squeezes under being fermented the gravity of material own wt generation and opens, and fermentation materials is freely fallen by the space between leash and enters next fermentation unit; Next fermentation unit is identical with the operation principle of a upper fermentation unit, material is after enough time fermentation, lifter 8 declines, leash 15 junction moves down, fermentation bag 6 lower bag mouth squeezes under being fermented the gravity of material own wt generation and opens, and namely fermentation materials can be free to drop down to by the space between leash in the accumulator tank bottom installation for fermenting.
Embodiment 3:
As shown in Fig. 4, Fig. 5, Fig. 7 and Figure 12, a kind of organic solid waste fermentation system, is with the difference of embodiment 2: be by 3 fermentation unit from top to bottom stack combinations form, load carrier 1 is single layer structure load-bearing tank.Its air-breather is board-like air-breather, and the vent board being located at fermentation bag 6 inside by least one piece forms, and vent board is made up of two pieces of parallel films and the fold plate be located between film, and its thickness is 3cm ~ 5cm; Described vent board upper end is connected with fixture II 10, and bottom when lower end is drawn in fermentation bag 6 flushes.
The operation principle of the present embodiment is with embodiment 2.
Embodiment 4:
As shown in Fig. 1 ~ Fig. 5, Figure 13 and Figure 16, a kind of organic solid waste fermentation system, is with the difference of embodiment 1: be formed by stacking from top to bottom by 3 fermentation unit.Air-breather 5 is board-like air-breather, and the vent board being located at fermentation bag 6 inside by least one piece forms, and vent board is made up of two pieces of parallel films and the fold plate be located between film, and its thickness is 3cm ~ 5cm; Described vent board upper end is connected with fixture II 10, and vent board lower end is provided with soft bag 18, is provided with some graininess ventilating structures in soft bag 18, and bottom when drawing in fermentation bag 6 bottom soft bag 18 flushes.
The operation principle of the present embodiment is with embodiment 2.
Embodiment 5:
As shown in Fig. 1 ~ Fig. 5, Figure 10, Figure 11 and Figure 14, a kind of organic solid waste fermentation system, is with the difference of embodiment 1: be formed by stacking from top to bottom by 3 fermentation unit.Air-breather 5 is Inflated model air-breather, the model of the pipe/plate or other shapes of being located at fermentation bag 6 inside by least one or one piece forms, this model inner hollow, its wall is set to air-locked totally-enclosed membrane structure, model upper end is connected with fixture II 10, and having air compressor to be connected in model, lower end length exceedes bottom when fermentation bag 6 draws in.The operation principle of this air-breather is: before charging, inflates model air-breather with air compressor, and after installing material, gas in model is discharged by certain hour, and pattern contract, forms natural aerating system in material.
Other operation principle of the present embodiment is with embodiment 2.
Embodiment 6:
As shown in Fig. 1 ~ Fig. 5, Fig. 8 and Figure 14, a kind of organic solid waste fermentation system, is with the difference of embodiment 1: be formed by stacking from top to bottom by 4 fermentation unit, load carrier 1 is cylindrical bearing frame.Air-breather 5 is folded pocket type air-breather, the breathable films bag being located at fermentation bag 6 inside by least one from outer to inner layer by layer intussusception form, described breathable films bag is set to double membrane structure 16 or the single-layer membrane structure 17 of ventilative, load-bearing, described breathable films bag upper and lower opening, upper bag mouth is connected with fixture II 10, lower bag mouth is connected with leash 15 one end, and described leash 15 other end is connected with lifter 8 lower end.
The operation principle of the present embodiment is with embodiment 2.
Embodiment 7:
As shown in Fig. 1 ~ Fig. 5, Fig. 9 and Figure 15, a kind of organic solid waste fermentation system, is with the difference of embodiment 1: be formed by stacking up and down by 5 fermentation unit, load carrier 1 is frame structure bearing frame.Air-breather 5 is folded pocket type air-breather, by at least one be located at breathable films bag inside fermentation bag 6 from outer to inner layer by layer intussusception form, breathable films bag is set to double membrane structure 16 or the single-layer membrane structure 17 of ventilative, load-bearing, breathable films bag upper and lower opening, upper bag mouth is connected with fixture II 10, lower bag mouth is connected with leash 15 one end, is connected after leash 15 other end collects with lifter 8 lower end.
The operation principle of the present embodiment is with embodiment 2.
Embodiment 8:
As shown in Figure 15,16, by the fermentation system that the present invention combines with atresia fermentation tank, a kind of organic solid waste fermentation system, be with the difference of embodiment 2: fermentation tank inside center is provided with central siphon 4, central siphon 4 inner hollow, tube wall is set to ventilating structure, central siphon 4 length and caliber are how many and determine according to amount of fermentation, central siphon 4 top is connected with fixture II 10, is provided with lifter 8 in central siphon 4, and lifter 8 is connected with fixture II 10; Fermentation bag 6 upper and lower opening, fermentation bag 6 upper bag mouth is connected with the fixture I 9 of fermenter base, and lower bag mouth is drawn in from outside to inside by leash 15, and leash 15 is connected with lifter 8 lower end through central siphon lower port after collecting.
The operation principle of the present embodiment is with embodiment 2.

Claims (10)

1. an organic solid waste fermentation system, be made up of at least one fermentation unit, described fermentation unit comprises load carrier (1), installation for fermenting, checkout gear and temp moisture regulator (14), load carrier is provided with installation for fermenting in (1), checkout gear is provided with in installation for fermenting, temp moisture regulator (14) is located in load carrier (1) base wall, it is characterized in that: described load carrier (1) top is provided with fixture I (9) and fixture II (10); Described installation for fermenting comprises fermentation bag (6), leash (15), central siphon (4), lifter (8) and air-breather (5); Described air-breather (5) is located in fermentation bag (6), and fermentation bag (6) inside center is provided with central siphon (4); Described central siphon (4) top is connected with fixture II (10), is provided with lifter (8) in central siphon (4); Described lifter (8) upper end is connected with fixture II (10); Described fermentation bag (6) upper and lower opening, fermentation bag (6) upper bag mouth is connected with fixture I (9); Described leash (15) one end is connected with fermentation bag (6) outer surface, and the other end is connected with lifter (8) lower end.
2. organic solid waste fermentation system according to claim 1, is characterized in that: described air-breather (5) is tubular type air-breather, any one or a few combination in board-like air-breather, Inflated model air-breather and folded pocket type air-breather.
3. organic solid waste fermentation system according to claim 2, it is characterized in that: described tubular type air-breather is made up of the breather pipe that at least one is located at fermentation bag (6) inner, breather pipe inner hollow, tube wall is set to ventilating structure, its upper end is connected with fixture II (10), and bottom when lower end is drawn in fermentation bag (6) flushes.
4. organic solid waste fermentation system according to claim 2, it is characterized in that: described board-like air-breather is made up of the vent board that at least one piece is located at fermentation bag (6) inner, described vent board is made up of two pieces of parallel films, be provided with space between two pieces of films, between space, be provided with ventilating structure; Described vent board upper end is connected with fixture II (10), and bottom when lower end is drawn in fermentation bag (6) flushes.
5. organic solid waste fermentation system according to claim 4, is characterized in that: described vent board lower end is provided with the soft bag (18) that gas permeable material is housed.
6. organic solid waste fermentation system according to claim 2, it is characterized in that: the model that described Inflated model air-breather is located at the inner pipe/plate of fermentation bag (6) or other shapes by least one or a piece forms, this model inner hollow, its wall is set to air-locked totally-enclosed membrane structure, model upper end is connected with fixture II (10), and having air compressor to be connected in model, lower end length exceedes bottom when fermentation bag (6) draws in.
7. organic solid waste fermentation system according to claim 2, it is characterized in that: described folded pocket type air-breather by least one be located at fermentation bag (6) inner side breathable films bag from outer to inner layer by layer intussusception form, described breathable films bag be set to can breathe freely, the double membrane structure (16) of load-bearing and the bottom openable and/or single-layer membrane structure (17), described breathable films bag upper and lower opening, upper bag mouth is connected with fixture II (10), lower bag mouth is connected with leash (15) one end, and leash (15) other end is connected with lifter (8) lower end.
8. organic solid waste fermentation system according to claim 1, is characterized in that: described load carrier (1) is load-bearing tank or bearing frame; The tank skin of described load-bearing tank is set to individual layer or double-decker; The liquid for regulating temperature is provided with between described double-decker; Described bearing frame is cylindrical structural or cube structure.
9. the organic solid waste fermentation system according to any one of claim 1 ~ 8, is characterized in that: described checkout gear is made up of temperature measurer (2) and moisture apparatus (3), and temperature measurer (2) and moisture apparatus (3) are all located between air-breather (5); Described central siphon (4) is set to inner hollow, and tube wall is set to ventilating structure, and central siphon (4) length and caliber are how many and determine according to amount of fermentation; Described leash (15) is for can draw the banded structure with load-bearing.
10. the organic solid waste fermentation system according to any one of claim 1 ~ 8, is characterized in that: described fermentation bag (6) up/down perforation, for breathing freely, the membrane structure of load-bearing and the bottom openable; The length of described fermentation bag (6) is more than 1 times of sack radius.
CN201210419045.3A 2012-10-27 2012-10-27 Organic solid waste fermentation system Expired - Fee Related CN102935442B (en)

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