CN102907199A - Film-covered sand controller - Google Patents

Film-covered sand controller Download PDF

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Publication number
CN102907199A
CN102907199A CN2012104118910A CN201210411891A CN102907199A CN 102907199 A CN102907199 A CN 102907199A CN 2012104118910 A CN2012104118910 A CN 2012104118910A CN 201210411891 A CN201210411891 A CN 201210411891A CN 102907199 A CN102907199 A CN 102907199A
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
film
control machine
film covering
sand control
type sand
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
Application number
CN2012104118910A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
卢纯福
余真珍
施蹦蹦
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
HANGZHOU FEISHEN INDUSTRIAL DESIGN Co Ltd
Original Assignee
HANGZHOU FEISHEN INDUSTRIAL DESIGN Co Ltd
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
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Priority to CN2012104118910A priority Critical patent/CN102907199A/en
Publication of CN102907199A publication Critical patent/CN102907199A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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Abstract

The invention discloses a film-covered sand controller. The film-covered sand controller comprises a rack, a sowing device and a film-covering device; the sowing device comprises a seed storage box, a seed-dropping hole, a vertical rod and a cam mechanism; the seed storage box is fixed on the rack; the top end of the seed-dropping hole is communicated with the seed storage box via a spring; the bottom end of the vertical rod is fixed on the side surface of the seed-dropping hole; the film-covering device comprises a film shaft, a film-covering distance hoe, an inner pressing wheel bracket, an inner pressing wheel, a film compression rod, a leaf spring and a film; an active wheel is installed on the film shaft and connected with a driven wheel in the sowing device via a chain; the film compression rod is hinged on the inner pressing wheel bracket via a connection rod; and one end of the leaf spring is fixed on the inner pressing wheel bracket while the other end of the leaf spring is pressed on the film compression rod. The film-covered sand controller has the beneficial effects of no need of full manpower, mechanization, simplified steps and time and effort conservation.

Description

The film covering type sand control machine
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of film covering type sand control machine.
Background technology
Human unreasonable activity, ecological continuous deterioration, especially desert, sandstorm and Desertification have seriously affected and have threatened the sustainable development of human existence and society.Sandstorm occurs again and again all over the world in recent years, and Desertification is on the rise, and how effecting a radical cure desertization is epoch problem and the urgent task of pendulum in face of the mankind.
At present, all launched a large amount of activities of defending and controlling sand all over the world, China also is very outstanding to carrying out of the activity of defending and controlling sand, particularly in western part and the Northwest of China.But these activities are to finish with manpower mostly, and efficient is comparatively low.
The method of defending and controlling sand that has now adopted has the straw checkerboard barrier method, guard method and directly at desert planting thing etc., the overlay film wherein method (application number of patent is 03111683.3) of defending and controlling sand can be defended and controlled sand, can keep moisture again, be conducive to surviving and growing up of plant; Both control desert, sandstorm and desertization, be again simultaneously human huge ecological benefits, economic benefit and the social benefit brought.The method is on desertification land, adopts interior platen press overlay film, both the edge of plastic film has been covered the inboard crimping of husky body to lock; Adopt ribbon overlay film form, namely cover item by item, stay film covering method at regular intervals in the middle of per two overlay film bands.
But the method that overlay film is defended and controlled sand is finished with manpower, and not to special equipment, step is complicated so that overlay film is defended and controlled sand for this, and efficient is lower.
Summary of the invention
The present invention is directed to the problem that device that the special overlay film of present shortage defends and controls sand causes overlay film to defend and control sand the step complexity, take time and effort, proposed a kind of step, time saving and energy saving film covering type sand control machine simplified.
Film covering type sand control machine of the present invention is characterized in that: comprise frame, seeding apparatus, film covering device, described seeding apparatus comprises seed-storage box, planting mouth, montant, cam mechanism, and described seed-storage box is fixed on the described frame; The top of described planting mouth is communicated with described seed-storage box by spring; The bottom of described montant is fixed on the side of described planting mouth; Described cam mechanism comprises cam, roller and driven pulley, described cam and the coaxial side that is installed in described seed-storage box of described driven pulley, and described roller is fixed on the top of described montant, and fits with the edge of described cam;
Described film covering device comprises film axis, overlay film spacing hoe, interior pinch roller support, interior pinch roller, film depression bar, spring leaf and film, on the described film axis driving wheel is installed, described driving wheel is connected with driven pulley in the described seeding apparatus by chain, described overlay film spacing hoe is installed in the front end of described frame, described interior pinch roller support is fixed on the bottom of described frame, described interior pinch roller is installed in the bottom of described interior pinch roller support, described film depression bar by rod hinge connection on described interior pinch roller support; Described spring leaf one end is fixed on the described interior pinch roller frame, and the other end is by being pressed on the described film depression bar.
Between described montant and the described planting mouth water pipe is set.
The installation two cover seeding apparatus of the front end symmetry of described frame.
Driving wheel is all installed at the two ends of described film axis, and two described driving wheels are connected with driven pulley in the described seeding apparatus respectively by chain.
2 described overlay film spacings hoes of the installation of the foremost symmetry of described frame.
Described planting mouth bottom has angle of chamfer.
2 interior pinch rollers of the installation of the below symmetry of described interior pinch roller support.
On the frame of described film covering type sand control machine elevator is installed.
During use, first the water pipe of film covering type sand control machine and the car that is loaded with water tank are articulated, when not working, by elevator so that whole film covering type sand control machine built on stilts; Start working, with thin-film covering on film axis, manpower pulls open an end of film, fix on the ground after making the below of film by the film depression bar, then pass through elevator, whole film covering type sand control machine drop to film depression bar ground proximity, the film covering type sand control machine moves forward, film covers the overlay film spacing and uproots on the sandy soil of putting in order the movement of film covering type sand control machine again by interior pinch roller, so that the film that is fixed on the film axis drives the film axis rotation, the driving wheel coaxial with film axis also begins to rotate, and power passes to driven pulley by chain by driving wheel, and the band moving cam rotates, the rotation of cam, the montant that roller is equipped with in drive constantly moves up and down, and moves up and down thereby drive the planting mouth, and the planting mouth moves downward can sow seed when poking film.
The invention has the beneficial effects as follows: do not need to rely on fully manpower to finish, realized mechanization, and step simplification, time saving and energy saving.
Description of drawings
Fig. 1 is side-looking structural representation of the present invention.
Fig. 2 is backsight structural representation of the present invention.
Fig. 3 is the structural representation of facing of the present invention.
Fig. 4 is the local structure for amplifying schematic diagram in side of the present invention.
Fig. 5 is side, seed-storage box of the present invention below structure for amplifying schematic diagram.
Fig. 6 is front, seed-storage box of the present invention below structure for amplifying schematic diagram.
Fig. 7 is the local structure for amplifying schematic diagram of solid of the present invention.
Embodiment
Further specify the present invention below in conjunction with accompanying drawing
With reference to accompanying drawing:
Film covering type sand control machine of the present invention comprises frame 1, seeding apparatus 2, film covering device 3, and described seeding apparatus 2 comprises seed-storage box 21, planting mouth 22, montant 23, cam mechanism 24, and described seed-storage box 21 is fixed on the described frame 1; The top of described planting mouth 22 is communicated with described seed-storage box 21 by spring 221; The bottom of described montant 23 is fixed on the side of described planting mouth 22; Described cam mechanism 24 comprises cam 241, roller 242 and driven pulley 243, described cam 241 and the described driven pulley 243 coaxial sides that are installed in described seed-storage box 21, described roller 242 is fixed on the top of described montant 23, and fits with the edge of described cam 241;
Described film covering device 3 comprises film axis 31, overlay film spacing hoe 32, interior pinch roller support 33, interior pinch roller 34, film depression bar 35, spring leaf 36 and film 37, driving wheel 311 is installed on the described film axis 31, described driving wheel 311 is connected with driven pulley 243 in the described seeding apparatus 2 by chain 312, described overlay film spacing hoe 32 is installed in the front end of described frame 1, described interior pinch roller support 33 is fixed on the bottom of described frame 1, described interior pinch roller 34 is installed in the bottom of described interior pinch roller support 32, and described film depression bar 35 is hinged on the described interior pinch roller support 33 by connecting rod 351; Described spring leaf 36 1 ends are fixed on the described interior pinch roller frame 33, and the other end is by being pressed on the described film depression bar 35.
Between described montant 23 and the described planting mouth 22 water pipe 231 is set.
The installation two cover seeding apparatus 2 of the front end symmetry of described frame 1.
Driving wheel 311 is all installed at the two ends of described film axis 31, and two described driving wheels 311 are connected with driven pulley in the described seeding apparatus 2 respectively by chain.
2 described overlay film spacings hoes 32 of the installation of the foremost symmetry of described frame 1.
Described planting mouth 22 bottoms have angle of chamfer.
2 interior pinch rollers 34 of the installation of the below symmetry of described interior pinch roller support 33.
Elevator 4 is installed on the frame 1 of described film covering type sand control machine.
During use, the water pipe 231 with the film covering type sand control machine articulates with the car that is loaded with water tank first, when not working, by elevator 4 so that whole film covering type sand control machine built on stilts; Start working, film 37 is enclosed within on the film axis 31, manpower pulls open an end of film 37, fix on the ground after making the below of film 37 by film depression bar 35, then by elevator 4, whole film covering type sand control machine drop to film depression bar 35 ground proximitys, the film covering type sand control machine moves forward, film 37 is again by interior pinch roller 34, cover on overlay film spacing hoe 32 sandy soil of putting in order, the movement of film covering type sand control machine, so that the film 37 that is fixed on the film axis 31 drives film axis 31 rotations, the driving wheel 311 coaxial with film axis 31 also begins to rotate, and power passes to driven pulley 243 by chain 312 by driving wheel 311, and band moving cam 241 rotates, the rotation of cam 241, the montant 23 that roller 242 is equipped with in drive constantly moves up and down, and moves up and down thereby drive planting mouth 22, and planting mouth 22 moves downward can sow seed when poking film 37.
The described content of this specification embodiment only is enumerating the way of realization of inventive concept; protection scope of the present invention should not be regarded as only limiting to the concrete form that embodiment states, protection scope of the present invention also reaches in those skilled in the art conceives the equivalent technologies means that can expect according to the present invention.

Claims (8)

1. film covering type sand control machine, it is characterized in that: comprise frame, seeding apparatus, film covering device, described seeding apparatus comprises seed-storage box, planting mouth, montant, cam mechanism, and described seed-storage box is fixed on the described frame; The top of described planting mouth is communicated with described seed-storage box by spring; The bottom of described montant is fixed on the side of described planting mouth; Described cam mechanism comprises cam, roller and driven pulley, described cam and the coaxial side that is installed in described seed-storage box of described driven pulley, and described roller is fixed on the top of described montant, and fits with the edge of described cam;
Described film covering device comprises film axis, overlay film spacing hoe, interior pinch roller support, interior pinch roller, film depression bar, spring leaf and film, on the described film axis driving wheel is installed, described driving wheel is connected with driven pulley in the described seeding apparatus by chain, described overlay film spacing hoe is installed in the front end of described frame, described interior pinch roller support is fixed on the bottom of described frame, described interior pinch roller is installed in the bottom of described interior pinch roller support, described film depression bar by rod hinge connection on described interior pinch roller support; Described spring leaf one end is fixed on the described interior pinch roller frame, and the other end is by being pressed on the described film depression bar.
2. film covering type sand control machine as claimed in claim 1 is characterized in that: between described montant and the described planting mouth water pipe is set.
3. film covering type sand control machine as claimed in claim 2 is characterized in that: the installation two cover seeding apparatus of the front end symmetry of described frame.
4. film covering type sand control machine as claimed in claim 3, it is characterized in that: driving wheel is all installed at the two ends of described film axis, and two described driving wheels are connected with driven pulley in the described seeding apparatus respectively by chain.
5. film covering type sand control machine as claimed in claim 4 is characterized in that: 2 described overlay film spacings hoes of the installation of the foremost symmetry of described frame.
6. film covering type sand control machine as claimed in claim 5 is characterized in that: have angle of chamfer bottom the described planting mouth.
7. film covering type sand control machine as claimed in claim 5 is characterized in that: 2 interior pinch rollers of the installation of the below symmetry of described interior pinch roller support.
8. film covering type sand control machine as claimed in claim 7 is characterized in that: on the frame of described film covering type sand control machine elevator is installed.
CN2012104118910A 2012-10-24 2012-10-24 Film-covered sand controller Pending CN102907199A (en)

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
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CN102907199A true CN102907199A (en) 2013-02-06

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Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN110258499A (en) * 2019-06-21 2019-09-20 民勤县北海兴鑫机械有限公司 A kind of adaptive nethike embrane sand-protecting barrier laydown machine
CN111962491A (en) * 2020-08-14 2020-11-20 郭伟鹏 Sand control device
CN114846959A (en) * 2022-04-12 2022-08-05 中国人民解放军空军工程大学 Automatic laying device of multi-functional grass square sand barrier

Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN2309691Y (en) * 1997-09-25 1999-03-10 新疆农垦机械工业公司地膜机厂 Mulch film covering and seeding machine for film covered crops
CN1463575A (en) * 2002-06-19 2003-12-31 山东工程学院 Steering wheel type cavitation seeder
JP3811386B2 (en) * 2001-10-25 2006-08-16 アグリテクノ矢崎株式会社 Fertilizer seeding machine
RU2327332C2 (en) * 2006-05-22 2008-06-27 ФГОУ ВПО "Саратовский государственный аграрный университет им. Н.И. Вавилова" Pneumatic mechanical seeding unit
CN202958139U (en) * 2012-10-24 2013-06-05 杭州飞神工业设计有限公司 Film coating type desertification control machine

Patent Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN2309691Y (en) * 1997-09-25 1999-03-10 新疆农垦机械工业公司地膜机厂 Mulch film covering and seeding machine for film covered crops
JP3811386B2 (en) * 2001-10-25 2006-08-16 アグリテクノ矢崎株式会社 Fertilizer seeding machine
CN1463575A (en) * 2002-06-19 2003-12-31 山东工程学院 Steering wheel type cavitation seeder
RU2327332C2 (en) * 2006-05-22 2008-06-27 ФГОУ ВПО "Саратовский государственный аграрный университет им. Н.И. Вавилова" Pneumatic mechanical seeding unit
CN202958139U (en) * 2012-10-24 2013-06-05 杭州飞神工业设计有限公司 Film coating type desertification control machine

Cited By (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN110258499A (en) * 2019-06-21 2019-09-20 民勤县北海兴鑫机械有限公司 A kind of adaptive nethike embrane sand-protecting barrier laydown machine
CN110258499B (en) * 2019-06-21 2024-03-19 民勤县北海兴鑫机械有限公司 Self-adaptive omentum sand barrier paving machine
CN111962491A (en) * 2020-08-14 2020-11-20 郭伟鹏 Sand control device
CN111962491B (en) * 2020-08-14 2021-12-10 宣城先达建设工程有限公司 Sand control device
CN114846959A (en) * 2022-04-12 2022-08-05 中国人民解放军空军工程大学 Automatic laying device of multi-functional grass square sand barrier

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Application publication date: 20130206