CN106717173A - Traction drive type machine for recycling mulch film - Google Patents

Traction drive type machine for recycling mulch film Download PDF

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Publication number
CN106717173A
CN106717173A CN201611238729.8A CN201611238729A CN106717173A CN 106717173 A CN106717173 A CN 106717173A CN 201611238729 A CN201611238729 A CN 201611238729A CN 106717173 A CN106717173 A CN 106717173A
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
film
deflector roll
connect
tooth
grab
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Granted
Application number
CN201611238729.8A
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Chinese (zh)
Other versions
CN106717173B (en
Inventor
黄宁
刘红峰
吴永琴
赵雍平
张晓强
蒋志利
林松
聂忠杨
胡兴
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Henan Agricultural University
Guiyang Office of Guizhou Tobacco Corp
Original Assignee
Henan Agricultural University
Guiyang Office of Guizhou Tobacco Corp
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Publication date
Application filed by Henan Agricultural University, Guiyang Office of Guizhou Tobacco Corp filed Critical Henan Agricultural University
Priority to CN201611238729.8A priority Critical patent/CN106717173B/en
Publication of CN106717173A publication Critical patent/CN106717173A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN106717173B publication Critical patent/CN106717173B/en
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Classifications

    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01BSOIL WORKING IN AGRICULTURE OR FORESTRY; PARTS, DETAILS, OR ACCESSORIES OF AGRICULTURAL MACHINES OR IMPLEMENTS, IN GENERAL
    • A01B43/00Gatherers for removing stones, undesirable roots or the like from the soil, e.g. tractor-drawn rakes

Abstract

The invention discloses a kind of traction drive type machine for recycling mulch film, including vehicle frame and Zhua Mo mechanisms, vehicle frame sets underbody beam and roof stick carline and traction end connector, it is provided with by bearing on underbody beam and grabs deflector roll, it is provided with by bearing on roof stick carline and connects deflector roll, it is described grab deflector roll and connect deflector roll outer surface and be respectively arranged with to grab film tooth and connect film tooth, grab film tooth and connect the interlaced arrangement of film tooth;Driving wheel one and driving wheel two are installed in the rotating shaft of land wheel, driving wheel one and driving wheel two drive to grab deflector roll and connect deflector roll and rotate respectively, and the present invention improves the number of times for grabbing film, for improving snatch rate.Grab deflector roll and connect between deflector roll and there is speed difference, have the multiple chance that overlaps with connecing between film tooth so as to grab film tooth, be easy to raising to connect film success rate.It is inclined upwardly or bends and connect film rebound slot to make way and deep enough can respectively connect between film tooth, the residual film respectively connect between film tooth is shoveled out and is being slid to going out membrane channels.

Description

Traction drive type machine for recycling mulch film
Technical field
The present invention relates to tobacco planting mulch film reclaimer technical field, and in particular to a kind of traction drive type mulch film is reclaimed Machine.
Background technology
Plastic film mulching cultivation originates in Japanese southern rainy regions.This technology from after incoming China, in tobacco agriculture Widelyd popularize in production, according to incompletely statistics, up to the present, China's coating mulching film of tobacco covering area has accounted for total plant cigarette face Long-pending 70% or so, it has evolved into one important technique measure of tobacco cultivation.Mainly elaborate covering with ground sheeting in tobacco leaf herein Favourable and some detrimental effects in production, it is proposed that how rationally should to be arranged using covering with ground sheeting in tobacco leaf Production of Large Fields Apply to improve tobacco production and value amount.
Plastic film mulching cultivation has the following advantages that:
First, it is incubated effect.After the body of covering with ground sheeting ridge, the long-wave radiation and thermal convection current of soil in the body of ridge are blocked due to mulch film, Soil moisture evaporation and globule condensation heat balance under mulch film are maintained, thus reduces scattering and disappearing for heat, serve insulation Effect.
Second, effect of retaining and conserveing soil moisture.One side covering with ground sheeting is restricted soil water evaporation, while the moisture of evaporation Condense into the globule to be returned in soil, reduce scattering and disappearing for soil moisture;On the other hand, mulch film is blocked greatly when rainfall The rainwater of amount enters in soil, maintains the stabilization of soil moisture relative amount, is that cigarette strain growth creates a good ring Border.
3rd, improved soil physicochemical character improves soil nutrient status.Covering with ground sheeting is conducive to mitigating due to rain drop erosion And the soil hardening for causing, the phenomenon of unit weight change weight, keep loosing soil state.Further, since covering with ground sheeting improves soil Temperature and moisture, this is more beneficial for the decomposition and conversion of soil and fertilizer nutrient, improves the availability of soil nutrient.
4th, can effectively prevent and treat some pest and disease damages and weeds.Due to taking covering with ground sheeting, the micro-loop of soil is changed Border, the infection sources and route of transmission to disease have obtained effective control.
5th, tobacco growing can be promoted to develop and improve economic flow rate.Covering with ground sheeting improves soil environment, to underground part For, be conducive to the growth of cigarette strain root system, for overground part, cigarette strain early growth is very fast, can improve yield of tobacco.
However, due to degradative membrane because its relatively costly peasant is reluctant to receive, therefore its plastic film for agricultural use for being used is with common Based on PVC plastic foils, because it can not degrade, staying in field can cause severe contamination to soil, sometimes receive rice shoot root growth To obstruction, isolate moisture, cause rice shoot withered and dead when serious, plastic foil residual film is thrown away and can also cause the wasting of resources down on the farm, residual The recovery of film is wasted time and energy, and especially the used plastic collection effect of the machine for recycling mulch film of prior art is poor, causes used plastic collection not Totally.
The content of the invention
The present invention is directed to the existing halfway problem of machine for recycling mulch film tool winder, there is provided a kind of traction drive type mulch film is reclaimed Machine.
Adopt the following technical scheme that to achieve the above object:A kind of traction drive type machine for recycling mulch film, including vehicle frame and grab Film mechanism, vehicle frame sets underbody beam and roof stick carline and traction end connector, is provided with by bearing on underbody beam and grabs deflector roll, Be provided with by bearing on roof stick carline and connect deflector roll, it is described grab deflector roll and connect deflector roll outer surface and be respectively arranged with to grab film tooth and connect film Tooth, grabs film tooth and connects the interlaced arrangement of film tooth;Driving wheel one and driving wheel two, driving wheel one are installed in the rotating shaft of land wheel Drive to grab deflector roll and connect deflector roll respectively with driving wheel two and rotate, meet:Ground wheel speed is less than grabbing deflector roll rotating speed but more than connecing deflector roll Rotating speed;It is additionally provided with and connects film rebound, connect film rebound and be inclined upwardly or bend near the side for connecing deflector roll, is inclining or bending Edge be provided with slot to make way arranged side by side, to connect film tooth can from correspondence slot to make way in pass through.
Connect film transition plate rear side and be provided with out membrane channels.It is described go out membrane channels outlet lower section set splicing container.
The periphery of the land wheel is provided with the lug tooth of spike.
Grab film tooth or connect film tooth for arc or fold-line-shaped or arc line shaped.When grabbing film tooth or connecing film tooth, grabbed using arc Film tooth is identical with the arcuate directions for connecing film tooth.
It is identical with the rotation direction for connecing deflector roll to grab deflector roll.
Beneficial effect:The present invention grabs deflector roll rotating speed by raising, makes to grab deflector roll and grab film tooth rapid in-situ to grab film, so as to carry Height grabs the number of times of film, for improving snatch rate.Reduction connects deflector roll rotating speed, makes to grab deflector roll and there is speed difference between connecing deflector roll, from And grabbing film tooth has the multiple chance that overlaps with connecing between film tooth, is easy to raising to connect film success rate.What is slowly run connects deflector roll and connects film Rebound coordinates, and realizes that residual film is shifted.It is inclined upwardly or bends and connects film rebound slot to make way and deep enough can respectively connect between film tooth, will Respectively connect the residual film between film tooth and shovel out and sliding to going out membrane channels.Structure of the present invention simplifies, and is easily worked manufacture, is especially advantageous for pushing away It is wide to implement.
Brief description of the drawings
Fig. 1 is structural representation of the invention;
Fig. 2 is the overlooking the structure diagram of Fig. 1.
In figure, label 1 is underbody beam, and 2 is roof stick carline, and 3 is traction end, and 4 is land wheel, and 5 is lug tooth, and 6 is to grab deflector roll, 7 To grab film tooth, 8 to connect deflector roll, and 9 to connect film tooth, and 10 is driving wheel one, and 11 is driven pulley one, and 12 is driving wheel two, and 13 is driven Wheel two, 14 is protective plate, and 15 is membrane channels, and 16 is to connect film rebound.
Specific embodiment
Embodiment:A kind of traction drive type machine for recycling mulch film, referring to Fig. 1 and Fig. 2, underbody beam 1 and roof stick carline 2 is set in vehicle frame, And traction end 3 is set, traction end 3 is advanced by tractor drives.
It is provided with by bearing on underbody beam 1 and grabs deflector roll 6, is provided with by bearing on roof stick carline 2 and connects deflector roll 8.Grab Deflector roll 6 and connect the outer surface of deflector roll 8 and be respectively arranged with to grab and film tooth 7 and connect film tooth 9.As shown in figure 1, grabbing deflector roll 6 and connecing turning for deflector roll 8 Dynamic direction is identical, and it is identical with the arcuate directions for connecing film tooth 9 to grab film tooth 7.It can be arc or broken line to grab film tooth 7 and connect film tooth 9 Shape or arc line shaped.
Control is grabbed deflector roll 6 and connects the mounting distance between deflector roll 8, is made to grab film tooth 7 and is connect the interlaced arrangement of film tooth 9.
Driving wheel 1 and driving wheel 2 12 are installed in the rotating shaft of land wheel 4, are provided with the rotating shaft of deflector roll 6 is grabbed driven 1 are taken turns, connecing driven pulley 2 13 is installed in the rotating shaft of deflector roll 8, driving wheel 1 is connected with driven pulley 1, driving wheel 2 12 are connected with driven pulley 2 13.Meet:The rotating speed of land wheel 4 is less than grabbing the rotating speed of deflector roll 6 but more than connecing the rotating speed of deflector roll 8.It is described The periphery of land wheel is provided with the lug tooth 5 of spike.
In addition, be additionally provided with connecing film rebound 16, connect film rebound 16 and be inclined upwardly or curved near the side for connecing deflector roll 8 Song, slot to make way arranged side by side is provided with the edge for inclining or bend, and can be passed through from correspondence slot to make way to film tooth 9 is connect.Connect film mistake The rear side of degree plate 16 is provided with out membrane channels 15.

Claims (7)

1. a kind of traction drive type machine for recycling mulch film, including vehicle frame and Zhua Mo mechanisms, it is characterized in that:Vehicle frame sets underbody beam and car Back timber and traction end connector, are provided with by bearing on underbody beam and grab deflector roll, are provided with by bearing on roof stick carline and connect Deflector roll, it is described grab deflector roll and connect deflector roll outer surface and be respectively arranged with to grab film tooth and connect film tooth, grab film tooth and to connect film tooth interlaced Arrangement;Driving wheel one and driving wheel two are installed in the rotating shaft of land wheel, driving wheel one and driving wheel two drive respectively grabs deflector roll Rotated with deflector roll is connect, met:Ground wheel speed is less than grabbing deflector roll rotating speed but more than connecing deflector roll rotating speed;It is additionally provided with and connects film rebound, Connect film rebound to be inclined upwardly or bend near the side for connecing deflector roll, the edge for inclining or bend is provided with resigning arranged side by side Groove, can pass through to film tooth is connect from correspondence slot to make way.
2. traction drive type machine for recycling mulch film according to claim 1, it is characterized in that:Film transition plate rear side is connect to be provided with out Membrane channels.
3. traction drive type machine for recycling mulch film according to claim 2, it is characterized in that:It is described go out membrane channels outlet lower section Splicing container is set.
4. traction drive type machine for recycling mulch film according to claim 1, it is characterized in that:The periphery of the land wheel is provided with nail The lug tooth of shape.
5. traction drive type machine for recycling mulch film according to claim 1, it is characterized in that:Grab film tooth or connect film tooth for arc or Person's fold-line-shaped or arc line shaped.
6. traction drive type machine for recycling mulch film according to claim 5, it is characterized in that:Grabbing film tooth or connect film using arc During tooth, it is identical with the arcuate directions for connecing film tooth to grab film tooth.
7. traction drive type machine for recycling mulch film according to claim 1, it is characterized in that:Grab deflector roll and meet the rotation side of deflector roll To identical.
CN201611238729.8A 2016-12-28 2016-12-28 Traction drive type mulching film recycling machine Active CN106717173B (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201611238729.8A CN106717173B (en) 2016-12-28 2016-12-28 Traction drive type mulching film recycling machine

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201611238729.8A CN106717173B (en) 2016-12-28 2016-12-28 Traction drive type mulching film recycling machine

Publications (2)

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CN106717173A true CN106717173A (en) 2017-05-31
CN106717173B CN106717173B (en) 2020-01-03

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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN109168345A (en) * 2018-10-16 2019-01-11 福建永顺机械有限公司 A kind of machine for recycling mulch film structure and recovery method

Citations (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
FR2663188A1 (en) * 1990-06-15 1991-12-20 Drouaire Jean Claude Device for picking up mulching in the form of a plastic film
CN2332151Y (en) * 1998-03-02 1999-08-11 新疆农业科学院农业机械化研究所 Curling type remnant film recoverer
CN201042119Y (en) * 2007-05-21 2008-04-02 河南科技大学 Machine for gathering residual film of farmland
WO2008104903A1 (en) * 2007-02-28 2008-09-04 Roger Gerber Farming implement for separating ground elements
CN102668939A (en) * 2012-06-19 2012-09-19 中国农业大学 Film-picking and film-unloading mechanism for residual film recovery of straight-rod crops
CN203353056U (en) * 2013-07-16 2013-12-25 通渭县丰收农业机械制造有限责任公司 Comb-tooth-type waste film pickup machine
CN206472457U (en) * 2016-12-28 2017-09-08 河南农业大学 Traction drive type machine for recycling mulch film

Patent Citations (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
FR2663188A1 (en) * 1990-06-15 1991-12-20 Drouaire Jean Claude Device for picking up mulching in the form of a plastic film
CN2332151Y (en) * 1998-03-02 1999-08-11 新疆农业科学院农业机械化研究所 Curling type remnant film recoverer
WO2008104903A1 (en) * 2007-02-28 2008-09-04 Roger Gerber Farming implement for separating ground elements
CN201042119Y (en) * 2007-05-21 2008-04-02 河南科技大学 Machine for gathering residual film of farmland
CN102668939A (en) * 2012-06-19 2012-09-19 中国农业大学 Film-picking and film-unloading mechanism for residual film recovery of straight-rod crops
CN203353056U (en) * 2013-07-16 2013-12-25 通渭县丰收农业机械制造有限责任公司 Comb-tooth-type waste film pickup machine
CN206472457U (en) * 2016-12-28 2017-09-08 河南农业大学 Traction drive type machine for recycling mulch film

Non-Patent Citations (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Title
王吉奎: "《农田残膜回收技术》", 31 May 2012, 西北农林科技大学出版社 *

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN109168345A (en) * 2018-10-16 2019-01-11 福建永顺机械有限公司 A kind of machine for recycling mulch film structure and recovery method

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