CN102887750A - Method for preparing organic fertilizer by fermenting rapeseed cakes - Google Patents

Method for preparing organic fertilizer by fermenting rapeseed cakes Download PDF

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Publication number
CN102887750A
CN102887750A CN2012104270176A CN201210427017A CN102887750A CN 102887750 A CN102887750 A CN 102887750A CN 2012104270176 A CN2012104270176 A CN 2012104270176A CN 201210427017 A CN201210427017 A CN 201210427017A CN 102887750 A CN102887750 A CN 102887750A
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Prior art keywords
fertilizer
rapeseed cake
sawdust
fermentation
mixed
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Pending
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CN2012104270176A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
曲田桂
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Qingdao Jiahefeng Fertiliser Industry Co Ltd
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Qingdao Jiahefeng Fertiliser Industry Co Ltd
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Priority to CN2012104270176A priority Critical patent/CN102887750A/en
Publication of CN102887750A publication Critical patent/CN102887750A/en
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02WCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO WASTEWATER TREATMENT OR WASTE MANAGEMENT
    • Y02W30/00Technologies for solid waste management
    • Y02W30/40Bio-organic fraction processing; Production of fertilisers from the organic fraction of waste or refuse

Abstract

The invention provides a method for preparing an organic fertilizer by fermenting rapeseed cakes. The method is characterized by comprising the following steps that: (1) 1-1.5 tons of rapeseed cakes can be fermented with 1kg of Jinbaobei fertilizer fermenting agent, and firstly strains and 5-10kg of corn meal, bran, rice bran or the like are uniformly dry-mixed and diluted for later use, without adding water; (2) mixing: firstly the sawdust and the rapeseed cakes are mixed uniformly, the mixed Jinbaobei strains are scattered while the rapeseed cakes are mixed, the moisture is adjusted to be appropriate and the moistures of the raw materials are sure to be controlled between 60% and 65%; (3) piling: generally the heights of the fermentation piles are 1.5m, the width is 2m and the total volume is not less than 3m<3>, and the piles are covered by air permeable coverings to keep out light and rain; and (4) maintenance: after fermentation treatment is started, the temperature can rise to 60 DEG C or above in about one-three days, the piles need to be turned once and the fermentation can be completed after the piles are totally turned twice to three times. The organic fertilizer has simple process, is convenient to prepare, controls diseases and pests, improves the soil environment and pH value and is beneficial to crop growth.

Description

The manufacture method of rapeseed cake fermentation fertilizer
 
Technical field:
The present invention relates to the Production of manure technical field, particularly a kind of manufacture method of rapeseed cake fermentation fertilizer.
 
Background technology:
Fertilizer, mainly contain nitrogen, phosphorus, potassium element, replenish the nutrition of running off for earth, thereby increase the output of crop, still, frequent and single use along with chemical fertilizer application, bring disadvantageous effect to edatope, soil is under the condition that lacks sufficient organic matter, and soil aggregate is difficult to form, adhesive power between the soil particle weakens, and has lowered the water retention capacity of soil now.When earth can't keep the moisture of abundance, even the chemical fertilizer quality is high, also is not easy to chemical fertilizer and under favourable condition, discharges nutrient.Fertilizer has appearred in the problem that causes for solving the single chemical fertilizer of life-time service on the market, not only contain the essential macroelement of plant, trace element in the fertilizer, also contains abundant organic nutrient, and fertilizer is the most comprehensive fertilizer.The effect of fertilizer in agriculture production is mainly manifested in the following aspects: after 1, improvement soil, culture fertility organic fertilizer are manured into soil, organic mass-energy is improved soil physical chemistry situation and biological nature effectively, vegetable soil, strengthen fertilizer supply and preservation ability and the surge capability of soil, for good edaphic condition is created in the growth of crop.2, increase output, raising quality organic fertilizer contain abundant organism and various nutritive element, for farm crop provide nutrition.Behind the fertilizer decomposition, for soil microbial activity provides energy and nutriment, promote microbial activities, accelerate organic matter decomposition, the active substance of generation etc. can promote the growth of crop and improve the quality of agricultural-food.3, the utilization ratio fertilizer that improves fertilizer contains that nutrient is many but relative content is low, discharge slowly, and chemical fertilizer unit nutrient content is high, and composition is few, discharges fast.Both use by reasonable coordination, mutually replenish, and the organic acid that organic matter decomposition produces can also promote the dissolving of mineral nutrient in soil and the chemical fertilizer.Fertilizer and chemical fertilizer are mutually promoted, and are conducive to Crop, improve the utilization ratio of fertilizer.Though fertilizer has above-mentioned advantage, still, present fertilizer, prescription and manufacture craft on the market is too complicated, and the kind and the method that add bacterial classification cause high cost, have increased peasant's burden.Dregs of rapeseed cake on average contains crude protein 35% to 38%, and amino acid is balance relatively, and methionine content is higher than soybean meal, and crude fiber content is higher, and is average about 13%, can be up to more than 15%.Soluble saccharide content is lower in the whole grouts, so energy value is lower, and every kilogram of about 11.7 to 12.0 million Jiao.The present invention is intended to inquire into a kind of rapeseed cake that uses and is major ingredient, makes the manufacture method of fermentation fertilizer.
 
Summary of the invention:
The object of the invention is to overcome the shortcoming that exists in the prior art, provide a kind of technique simple, easy to make, suppress disease and pest, improve edatope and potential of hydrogen, be conducive to the manufacture method of a kind of rapeseed cake fermentation fertilizer of plant growth.
To achieve these goals, the invention provides a kind of manufacture method of rapeseed cake fertilizer, wherein, comprise the steps:
1. get the raw materials ready: rapeseed cake will be pulverized, sawdust or straw powder, and Gymboree fertilizer starter,
2. material formula: add auxiliary material sawdust or straw powder, system chaff, mushroom residue, the ratio of rapeseed cake and sawdust is 9:1,
3. operation steps:
Figure 727029DEST_PATH_IMAGE001
But 1 ~ 1.5 ton of 1kg Gymboree fertilizer starter fermentating rapeseed cake does not add the even dry mixing dilution of water with bacterial classification and 5 ~ 10kg Semen Maydis powder or wheat bran, rice bran etc. first, wait for for subsequent use,
Figure 879793DEST_PATH_IMAGE002
Mix: at first sawdust and rapeseed cake will be mixed.Botargo seedcake is spread the Gymboree bacterial classification of mixing on one side on one side, regulates the moisture that is fit to, and notices that the moisture of raw material must be controlled at 60%-65%,
Figure 906654DEST_PATH_IMAGE003
Build heap: do fermentation heap and generally want 1.5 meters high, wide 2 meters, cumulative volume is not less than 3 cubes, adds a cover the ventilation property coverture at heap after building up, and should accomplish shading, take shelter from rain,
Figure 967014DEST_PATH_IMAGE004
Safeguard: after fermentative processing begins, approximately 1 ~ 3 day temperature can rise to 60 degree or more than, need to stir once, accumulative total just can be fermented for 2-3 time and be finished, and the material after fermenting all is black or chocolate, and is soft, frangible, slightly savory or fermented flavour, airing can use
Following proportioning is adopted in concrete preparation
A kind of rapeseed cake fertilizer wherein, configures following raw material according to weight unit:
Rapeseed cake 1-1.5 ton
Auxiliary material 115-180kg
Starter 1-1.2kg
Semen Maydis powder 5-10kg.
Perhaps, configure following raw material according to weight unit:
Rapeseed cake 1-1.2 ton
Auxiliary material 115-160kg
Starter 1-1.1kg
Semen Maydis powder 5-8kg.
Perhaps, configure following raw material according to weight unit:
Rapeseed cake 1.2-1.5 ton
Auxiliary material 140-180kg
Starter 1.1-1.2kg
Semen Maydis powder 6-10kg.
Perhaps, configure following raw material according to weight unit:
Rapeseed cake 1.1-1.3 ton
Auxiliary material 130-150kg
Starter 1.05-1.15kg
Semen Maydis powder 7-8kg.
 
The invention has the advantages that, technique of the present invention is simple, and is easy to make, suppresses disease and pest, improves edatope and potential of hydrogen, increases fertilizer nitrogen content, is conducive to crop growing state.
 
Embodiment:
The manufacture method of rapeseed cake fermentation fertilizer of the present invention wherein, comprises the steps:
1. get the raw materials ready: rapeseed cake will be pulverized, sawdust or straw powder, and Gymboree fertilizer starter,
2. material formula: add auxiliary material sawdust or straw powder, system chaff, mushroom residue, the ratio of rapeseed cake and sawdust is 9:1,
3. operation steps:
But 1 ~ 1.5 ton of 1kg Gymboree fertilizer starter fermentating rapeseed cake does not add the even dry mixing dilution of water with bacterial classification and 5 ~ 10kg Semen Maydis powder or wheat bran, rice bran etc. first, wait for for subsequent use,
Mix: at first sawdust and rapeseed cake will be mixed.Botargo seedcake is spread the Gymboree bacterial classification of mixing on one side on one side, regulates the moisture that is fit to, and notices that the moisture of raw material must be controlled at 60%-65%,
Figure 623758DEST_PATH_IMAGE003
Build heap: do fermentation heap and generally want 1.5 meters high, wide 2 meters, cumulative volume is not less than 3 cubes, adds a cover the ventilation property coverture at heap after building up, and should accomplish shading, take shelter from rain,
Figure 18967DEST_PATH_IMAGE004
Safeguard: after fermentative processing begins, approximately 1 ~ 3 day temperature can rise to 60 degree or more than, need to stir once, accumulative total just can be fermented for 2-3 time and be finished, and the material after fermenting all is black or chocolate, and is soft, frangible, slightly savory or fermented flavour, airing can use
Following proportioning is adopted in concrete preparation
Example 1 rapeseed cake fermentation fertilizer wherein, configures following raw material according to weight unit:
1 ton of rapeseed cake
Auxiliary material 115kg
Starter 1kg
Semen Maydis powder 5kg.
Example 2 rapeseed cakes fermentation fertilizer wherein, configures following raw material according to weight unit:
1.5 tons of rapeseed cakes
Auxiliary material 180kg
Starter 1.2kg
Semen Maydis powder 10kg.
Example 3 rapeseed cakes fermentation fertilizer wherein, configures following raw material according to weight unit:
1.2 tons of rapeseed cakes
Auxiliary material 160kg
Starter 1.1kg
Semen Maydis powder 8kg.
Example 3 rapeseed cakes fermentation fertilizer wherein, configures following raw material according to weight unit:
1.1 tons of rapeseed cakes
Auxiliary material 130kg
Starter 1.05kg
Semen Maydis powder 7kg.
 
The preparation method:
1. get the raw materials ready: rapeseed cake will be pulverized (not too carefully to be advisable near sawdust or system chaff fineness), sawdust or straw powder, Gymboree fertilizer starter.
2. material formula: can add in right amount auxiliary material sawdust (not having sawdust can use straw powder, system chaff, mushroom residue etc. to substitute), the ratio of rapeseed cake and sawdust is 9:1.
3. operation steps:
Figure 750118DEST_PATH_IMAGE001
But 1 ~ 1.5 ton of 1kg Gymboree fertilizer starter fermentating rapeseed cake.First bacterial classification and 5 ~ 10kg Semen Maydis powder or wheat bran, rice bran etc. are not added the even dry mixing dilution of water, wait for for subsequent use.
Figure 572580DEST_PATH_IMAGE002
Mix: at first sawdust and rapeseed cake will be mixed.Botargo seedcake is spread the Gymboree bacterial classification of mixing on one side on one side, regulates the moisture that is fit to, and dried words can suitably be spread a little water.But the moisture of noting raw material must be controlled at 60%-65%, and judge the method for moisture: hand is grabbed a material, sees watermark does not drip, and landing to scatter get final product (if need fermentation time very fast, can spread into 2% ~ 5% urea water building when piling).
Build heap: do fermentation heap and generally want 1.5 meters high, wide 2 meters, cumulative volume is not less than 3 cubes.Add a cover the ventilation property coverture at heap after building up, should accomplish shading, take shelter from rain.
Figure 569672DEST_PATH_IMAGE004
Safeguard: after fermentative processing begins, approximately 1 ~ 3 day temperature can rise to 60 degree or more than, need to stir once, accumulative total just can be fermented for 2-3 time and be finished.To look the suitable moisturizing of particular case in the fermenting process.Material after fermenting all is black or chocolate, and is soft, frangible, slightly savory or fermented flavour, and airing can use.

Claims (1)

1. the manufacture method of a rapeseed cake fermentation fertilizer is characterized in that, comprises the steps:
1. get the raw materials ready: rapeseed cake will be pulverized, sawdust or straw powder, and Gymboree fertilizer starter,
2. material formula: add auxiliary material sawdust or straw powder, system chaff, mushroom residue, the ratio of rapeseed cake and sawdust is 9:1,
3. operation steps:
Figure 704290DEST_PATH_IMAGE001
But 1 ~ 1.5 ton of 1kg Gymboree fertilizer starter fermentating rapeseed cake does not add the even dry mixing dilution of water with bacterial classification and 5 ~ 10kg Semen Maydis powder or wheat bran, rice bran etc. first, wait for for subsequent use,
Figure 748469DEST_PATH_IMAGE002
Mix: at first sawdust and rapeseed cake will be mixed;
Botargo seedcake is spread the Gymboree bacterial classification of mixing on one side on one side, regulates the moisture that is fit to, and notices that the moisture of raw material must be controlled at 60%-65%,
Figure 491298DEST_PATH_IMAGE003
Build heap: do fermentation heap and generally want 1.5 meters high, wide 2 meters, cumulative volume is not less than 3 cubes, adds a cover the ventilation property coverture at heap after building up, and should accomplish shading, take shelter from rain,
Figure 279125DEST_PATH_IMAGE004
Safeguard: after fermentative processing begins, approximately 1 ~ 3 day temperature can rise to 60 degree or more than, need to stir once, accumulative total just can be fermented for 2-3 time and be finished, and the material after fermenting all is black or chocolate, and is soft, frangible, slightly savory or fermented flavour, airing can use.
CN2012104270176A 2012-10-31 2012-10-31 Method for preparing organic fertilizer by fermenting rapeseed cakes Pending CN102887750A (en)

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Cited By (8)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104130038A (en) * 2014-06-30 2014-11-05 安徽新荣久农业科技有限公司 Method using camellia oleifera squeezed tea cake to make camellia oleifera special-purpose fertilizer
CN104788166A (en) * 2015-04-15 2015-07-22 喻露明 Organic-inorganic compound fertilizer dedicated to trichosanthes kirilowii and preparation method of organic-inorganic compound fertilizer
CN105085109A (en) * 2015-08-11 2015-11-25 成都易胜科生物科技有限公司 Compound fertilizer special for promoting crop growth
CN105481480A (en) * 2015-12-21 2016-04-13 铜陵启辰养殖专业合作社 Preparation method of rabbit manure organic fertilizer
CN108129236A (en) * 2018-01-09 2018-06-08 山东博华高效生态农业科技有限公司 A kind of complete first biosolids fertilizer and preparation method thereof
CN109437990A (en) * 2018-11-22 2019-03-08 四川省久益生物肥料有限公司 A kind of method of organic fertilizer processing
CN110759762A (en) * 2019-12-11 2020-02-07 湖北省益客迅电子商务有限公司 Preparation method of organic fertilizer
CN111567569A (en) * 2020-05-25 2020-08-25 寿光市然态生物科技有限公司 Microbial inoculum for curing tomato yellow leaf curl virus and fern leaf virus and application thereof

Cited By (8)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104130038A (en) * 2014-06-30 2014-11-05 安徽新荣久农业科技有限公司 Method using camellia oleifera squeezed tea cake to make camellia oleifera special-purpose fertilizer
CN104788166A (en) * 2015-04-15 2015-07-22 喻露明 Organic-inorganic compound fertilizer dedicated to trichosanthes kirilowii and preparation method of organic-inorganic compound fertilizer
CN105085109A (en) * 2015-08-11 2015-11-25 成都易胜科生物科技有限公司 Compound fertilizer special for promoting crop growth
CN105481480A (en) * 2015-12-21 2016-04-13 铜陵启辰养殖专业合作社 Preparation method of rabbit manure organic fertilizer
CN108129236A (en) * 2018-01-09 2018-06-08 山东博华高效生态农业科技有限公司 A kind of complete first biosolids fertilizer and preparation method thereof
CN109437990A (en) * 2018-11-22 2019-03-08 四川省久益生物肥料有限公司 A kind of method of organic fertilizer processing
CN110759762A (en) * 2019-12-11 2020-02-07 湖北省益客迅电子商务有限公司 Preparation method of organic fertilizer
CN111567569A (en) * 2020-05-25 2020-08-25 寿光市然态生物科技有限公司 Microbial inoculum for curing tomato yellow leaf curl virus and fern leaf virus and application thereof

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Application publication date: 20130123