CN102746058A - Production method of water-soluble microbe multi-element solid fertilizer - Google Patents

Production method of water-soluble microbe multi-element solid fertilizer Download PDF

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CN102746058A
CN102746058A CN 201210157898 CN201210157898A CN102746058A CN 102746058 A CN102746058 A CN 102746058A CN 201210157898 CN201210157898 CN 201210157898 CN 201210157898 A CN201210157898 A CN 201210157898A CN 102746058 A CN102746058 A CN 102746058A
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fertilizer
water
soluble
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CN102746058B (en )
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关新元
尹飞虎
李永生
王军
陈云
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新疆农垦科学院农业新技术推广服务中心
石河子开发区三益化工有限责任公司
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Abstract

The invention relates to a technical field of water-soluble fertilizer production, and specifically relates to a production method of a water-soluble microbe multi-element solid fertilizer. The production method is characterized in that the water-soluble microbe multi-element solid fertilizer is produced from well mixed main components of, by weight: 10-50 parts of a component A, 1-60 parts of a component B, 5-30 parts of a component C, 1-50 parts of a component D, 0.1-10 parts of a component E, 10-40 parts of a component F, and 0.1-10 parts of a component G. The component A is water-soluble humic acid, the component B is a nitrogen fertilizer, the component C is a water-soluble phosphate fertilizer, the component D is a water-soluble potassium fertilizer, the component E is a solid microbial agent, the components F is amino acid, and the component G is trace elements. The fertilizer is economical and practical. The method is advantaged in simple operation. With the method, the water-soluble microbe multi-element solid fertilizer with high-quality, good water solubility, and high utilization rate can be produced. The fertilizer can be applied with water in crop drip-irrigation.

Description

一种水溶性微生物多元固体肥料的生产方法 A water-soluble polyhydric microorganism producing a solid fertilizer

技术领域 FIELD

[0001] 本发明涉及一种生产水溶性肥料的技术领域,尤其是一种水溶性微生物多元固体肥料的生产方法。 [0001] Technical Field The present invention relates to a process for producing a water-soluble fertilizer, in particular a water-soluble polyhydric microorganism producing a solid fertilizer.

背景技术 Background technique

[0002] 在现代农业生产中应用微生物肥料已成为促进植物生长、提高肥料利用率、增加产量和改善农产品品质及农业生态环境的重要技术措施之一。 [0002] application of microbial fertilizer has become in modern agricultural production to promote plant growth, increased fertilizer use efficiency, increase production and improve the quality of agricultural products one of the important technical measures and agro-ecological environment. [0003] 由于化肥的长期使用,致使土壤板结、肥料有效利用率低、灌溉水有害物质的大量积累,限制了农产品的产量和品质的进一步提高;单单使用有机肥,对土壤有一定的改良,但是肥效较慢;施用有机无机复混肥,虽然肥效较快,但肥料的利用效率不高;生物有机肥可提高肥料利用率但有效养分含量低,需增施化肥以保证作物产量,生产成本较高;近年来市场上出现了生物有机无机复合肥,但有效养分含量偏低(小于20% )、水剂产品运输储藏不方便、成本高、肥料中有效活菌数等技术指标难以达到农业部标准NY/T798-2004“复合微生物肥料”标准的要求,其生产方法多以物理混合、团粒、烘干、冷却、筛分、包装,为了不影响微生物菌剂的有效活菌数,更有将微生物菌剂的小包装加入大袋的有机无机复混肥中,以“伴侣”形式进行生产。 [0003] Since the long-term use of chemical fertilizers, resulting in soil compaction, the effective utilization rate of fertilizer, irrigation water massive accumulation of harmful substances, limiting the yield and quality of agricultural products to further improve; only use organic fertilizers, soil there is a certain improvement, However, slow fertilizer; applying organic and inorganic fertilizer, fertilizer, although faster, but the fertilizer use efficiency is not high; bio-organic fertilizer can improve fertilizer use efficiency but low in available nutrients, the need to ensure increased fertilizer crop yields, production costs higher; in recent years, the emergence of bio-organic and inorganic fertilizer on the market, but the effective nutrient content is low (less than 20%), liquid products transportation storage is not convenient, high costs, fertilizer effective number of viable agricultural technical indicators difficult to achieve requirements of the standard NY / T798-2004 "compound microbial fertilizer" standard, the production method of multiple physical mixing, pellets, drying, cooling, screening, packaging, in order not to affect the effective number of viable microbial agents, and more the microbial agent of the small package added sack organic and inorganic fertilizer in production of "partner" form. 虽然这些方法有着各自的优点,但还是不能完全满足生产的需要,提供一种生产符合无公害生产要求,达到改良土壤、增进肥效、促进生长、增强抗逆性、提高作物产量、改善农产品品质及农业生态环境的高含量水溶性生物多元固体肥料的方法,有着极为重要的意义。 Although these methods have their advantages, but still can not fully meet the needs of production, provide a pollution-free production in line with production requirements, to improve the soil, improve fertilizer efficiency, promote growth, enhance the resistance, increase crop yields and improve the quality of agricultural products and the method of high levels of agricultural environment and bio-diverse water-soluble solid fertilizer, has a very important significance.

发明内容 SUMMARY

[0004] 本发明的目的在于提供一种经济实用、操作简便、能够生产品质高、具有水溶性好、利用率高,并能应用于滴灌作物随水施肥的水溶性微生物多元固体肥料的生产方法。 [0004] The object of the present invention is to provide an economical and practical, easy to operate, it is possible to produce high quality, having good water solubility, high efficiency, and can be used in crop production method of drip irrigation fertilizer with water-soluble solid fertilizer polyhydric microorganism .

[0005] 本发明公开了一种水溶性微生物多元固体肥料的生产方法,其特征在于工艺步骤主要包括将以下重量份的主要组份混合均匀后即得到水溶性微生物多元固体肥料: [0005] The present invention discloses a method of producing a solid water-soluble polyhydric microbial fertilizer, characterized in that the process step mainly comprises the following parts by weight of a principal component uniformly mixed to obtain water-soluble microorganism after polyhydric solid fertilizers:

[0006] 组分A : 10〜50份、组分B :I〜60份、组分C :5〜30份、组分D :I〜50份、组分E :0. I〜10份、组分F :10〜40份、组分G :0. I〜10份; [0006] Component A: 10~50 parts Component B: I~60 parts Component C: 5~30 parts Component D: I~50 parts, Component E:. 0 I~10 parts, component F: 10~40 parts of component G: 0 I~10 parts;.

[0007] 其中组分A为水溶性腐植酸;组分B为氮肥;组分C为水溶性磷肥;组分D为水溶性钾肥;组分E为固体微生物菌剂;组分F为氨基酸;组分G为微量元素。 [0007] wherein component A is a water-soluble humic acid; component B is nitrogen; Component C is a water soluble phosphate; Component D is water soluble potassium; component E is a solid microbial agents; Component F is an amino acid; G is a trace element component.

[0008] 所述的组分A最好为水溶性腐植酸,所述的水溶性腐植酸为腐植酸钾盐或腐植酸铵盐,原料质量要求:水溶性> 90%,腐植酸> 70%。 [0008] The component A is preferably a water-soluble humic acid, humic acid is a humic acid-soluble potassium or ammonium salts of humic acid, quality of raw materials: water-soluble> 90%, humic acid> 70% .

[0009] 所述的组分B最好为尿素、硫酸铵、硝酸铵中的一种。 [0009] The component B is preferably as a urea, ammonium sulfate, ammonium nitrate. 尿素含氮量高、水溶性好,在加入前进行破碎。 High nitrogen content of urea, water solubility, crushed before addition.

[0010] 所述的组分C最好为水溶性好的磷酸二氢钾、磷酸一铵、磷酸脲其中的一种。 [0010] The component C is preferably good soluble potassium dihydrogen phosphate, monoammonium phosphate, urea phosphate which is one kind. 采用湿法磷酸精制浓缩后与液氨或尿素反应生产磷酸一铵或磷酸脲,可降低成本;磷酸一铵原料质量要求含量大于98%,磷酸脲含量大于98% ;磷酸脲有很好的水溶性,溶液为酸性pH2,在溶解过程中能有效缓解灌溉水中钙镁离子与磷酸根的反应,提高利用率。 Wet purified phosphoric acid is reacted with liquid ammonia was concentrated urea or urea phosphate, or MAP production cost can be reduced; MAP quality ingredients content of more than 98%, urea phosphate content of greater than 98%; water-soluble urea phosphate in a very good resistance, acidic pH 2 with a solution, the dissolution process can effectively relieve the reaction of calcium and magnesium and phosphate irrigation water, improve utilization.

[0011] 所述的组分D最好为水溶性好的氯化钾、硝酸钾、硫酸钾中的一种。 [0011] The component D is preferably a good water-soluble potassium a potassium nitrate, potassium sulfate. 对于忌氯作物如烟草、甜菜、瓜果等选用硫酸钾,其它作物可选用氯化钾,氯化钾为含量98%的白色结晶,硫酸钾为含量98 %的白色结晶。 To avoid chlorine crops such as tobacco, sugar beet, fruits and other selected potassium sulfate, potassium chloride choice of other crops, potassium chloride content of 98% white crystals, potassium sulfate content was 98% white crystals.

[0012] 所述的组分E最好为固体芽孢杆菌菌剂。 [0012] The component E is preferably a solid microbiological preparation. 其质量要求:有效活菌数(芽孢杆菌)彡200亿/克,杂菌率< 30%,细度彡80%,水不溶物< 2%,水分< 2%。 Quality requirements: effective number of viable cells (Bacillus) Pie 20 billion / g, bacteria <30% 80% San fineness, water insoluble <2%, water content <2%. 神州汉邦(北京)生物技术有限公司生产的禾神元-复合微生物菌剂或北京中农新科生物科技有限公司生产的联抗• II型复合功能菌均可选用。 China Hanbang (Beijing) Biological Technology Co., Ltd. Wo Neuron - complex microbial agents or Beijing Zhongnong new division Biotechnology Co., Ltd. joint production of anti • II composite functional bacteria can be used.

[0013] 所述的组分F氨基酸,最好是由以下主要工艺步骤制备而成:以蛋白质含量^ 40%的棉柏为原料,通过棉柏的生物发酵,过滤和风干滤液得到水溶性好,高含量的氨基酸和少量的寡肽的氨基酸混合物。 [0013] The amino acid component F is preferably prepared from the following main process steps: a protein content of 40% cotton ^ Bo as a raw material, obtained by fermentation of water-soluble, filtered, and the filtrate was dried good cotton vulgaris , high levels of amino acids and a minor amount of a mixture of oligopeptides. 该混合物含有丰富的氨基酸、有机质、氮及其它植物营养成分能快速被植物吸收利用,还能够增加土壤有机质的含量,疏松土壤,改善土壤中微生物的生育环境,提高化学肥料的利用率。 The mixture is rich in amino acids, organic matter, nitrogen and other plant nutrients can be quickly absorbed by plants use, it can also increase soil organic matter content, loose soil microorganisms in the soil to improve the growth environment, and improve the utilization of chemical fertilizers.

[0014] 所述的组分G微量元素最好为锌肥、硼肥、锰肥、铁肥、铜肥、钥肥其中的两种或几种经络合反应喷雾干燥而制得的复合微量元素。 Composite trace [0014], wherein component G is preferably Zn trace elements, boron, manganese fertilizer, fertilizer iron, copper fat, wherein the fat key meridian closing reaction of two or more spray-dried and the obtained element.

[0015] 所述的组分G主要由以下工艺步骤制备而成: [0015] the main component G was prepared by the following process steps are made:

[0016] ①在反应釜中加入500〜600份的水(重量份),加热到70〜90°C ;②加入有机络合剂乙二胺四乙酸20〜30份(重量份)和柠檬酸45〜60份(重量份)到反应釜中搅拌溶解;③微量元素380〜550份(重量份)按Cu、Zn、Fe、B、Mn、Mo的顺序逐一加入溶解,在70〜90°C下进行0. 5〜I小时的络合反应真空浓缩喷雾干燥制得组分G ; [0016] ① was added to the kettle 500~600 parts of water (parts by weight), was heated to 70~90 ° C; ② adding an organic complexing agent ethylenediaminetetraacetic acid 20 to 30 parts (parts by weight) and citric acid 45~60 parts (parts by weight) was dissolved with stirring into the reaction vessel; ③ trace elements 380~550 parts (parts by weight) were added one by one in order to dissolve Cu, Zn, Fe, B, Mn, Mo, and at 70~90 ° C 0. 5~I hours for the complexation reaction was concentrated in vacuo to obtain the spray dried component G;

[0017] 上述工艺步骤中可以根据施用的土地养分丰缺情况和作物需肥规律,选择需要补充的微量元素Zn、B、Mn、Fe、Cu、Mo其中的几种和数量;有机络合剂最好用乙二胺四乙酸和柠檬酸按重量比I:2搭配使用。 [0017] The above-described process steps may be circumstances missing nutrient and fertilizer application rules land administration abundance crop, supplemental select trace elements Zn, B, Mn, Fe, Cu, Mo and number of several therein; organic complexing agent preferably with ethylenediamine tetraacetic acid and citric acid in a weight ratio I: 2 with use.

[0018] 根据本发明所提供的方法生产的水溶性生物多元固体肥料为结晶粉末状,有利于肥料快速溶解而不易结块。 [0018] The production method according to the present invention is provided a solid water-soluble polyhydric biological fertilizers as a crystalline powder, fertilizer facilitate rapid dissolution and easy to agglomerate.

[0019] 根据本发明所提供的方法生产的水溶性生物多元固体肥料产品的技术指标:有机质彡30 %,腐植酸彡15.0%, N+P205+K20 ^25%,微量元素彡0. 5 %,有效活菌数即芽孢杆菌彡0. 2亿/克,杂菌率彡30%, PH5〜8,细度彡80%,水不溶物彡2%,水分彡2%。 [0019] The production method according to the present invention provides a water-soluble biological specifications polyhydric solid fertilizer products: San 30% organic matter, humic acid San 15.0%, N + P205 + K20 ^ 25%, 0.5% trace elements Pie , i.e., the effective number of viable cells of Bacillus San 020000000 / g, San bacteria rate 30%, PH5~8, San fineness of 80%, 2% water insoluble San, San 2% moisture.

[0020] 根据本发明所提供的方法生产的水溶性微生物多元固体肥料的各个组分配比,应考虑具体的土壤条件和作物种类以及不同生育期的需肥规律,进行适当的调整,特别是组分B、C、D的比例,以满足作物生长的需要。 [0020] The distribution ratio produced according to the method of the present invention provides a water-soluble solid fertilizer each microorganism polyhydric group should be considered specific soil conditions and the type of fertilizer and crop growth period rules of different needs, appropriate adjustments, especially group ratio points B, C, D, and to meet the needs of the crop.

[0021] 根据本发明所提供的方法生产的水溶性微生物多元固体肥料的使用方法: [0021] The production method according to the present invention provides a water-soluble polyhydric solid fertilizers using microbial methods:

[0022] 可以根据土壤供肥能力、作物需肥规律和目标产量,确定各生育期的肥料养分配比和施用数量。 [0022] ratio and can be administered according to the number of fertilizer for the soil fertilizer capacity, and the target crop yield law fertilizer, nutrient growth period is determined. 要肥水同进,少量多次,以满足作物的生长需要。 To enter the same fertilizer, a few times, in order to meet the growth needs of crops.

[0023] (I)将该肥料加入肥料容器中溶解。 [0023] (I) the fertilizer was added to dissolve the fertilizer container.

[0024] (2)在一次滴灌延续时间的中间时段注入肥料溶液,开启阀门先小后大,注入量尽量少,保持均勻。 [0024] (2) a drip injection duration period of the intermediate fertilizer solution, after opening the first valve is big or small, to minimize the amount of injection, remains uniform. 杜绝快速注入,施肥不勻。 Prevent rapid injection, fertilization uneven.

[0025] (3)可根据作物的长势,适当对滴灌肥的用量进行调整。 [0025] (3) The growing crop, to appropriately adjust the amount of drip irrigation fertilizer.

[0026] 根据本发明所提供的方法生产的水溶性生物多元固体肥料达到无公害肥料标准,具有以下特点: [0026] The production method according to the present invention provides a water-soluble solid fertilizer reaches polyhydric biological fertilizer pollution standards, has the following characteristics:

[0027] (I)活性微生物含量高达0. 2亿/克; [0027] (I) an active content of up to 020 million microorganisms / g;

[0028] (2)养分含量高N+P205+K20 ^ 25% ; [0028] (2) a high nutrient content N + P205 + K20 ^ 25%;

[0029] (3)营养全:含有有机质、氮、磷、钾和多种微量元素,可使作物营养均衡协调; [0029] (3) full nutrition: containing organic matter, nitrogen, phosphorus, potassium and trace elements, balanced plant nutrition can coordination;

[0030] (4)水溶性好彡98%,杂质少水不溶物彡2% ; [0030] (4) water solubility San 98%, less water insoluble impurities, San 2%;

[0031] (5)生物有机无机相结合,提高肥料功效,由于加入活性微生物和腐植酸,增进了肥效,可改良土壤、改善农产品品质、调节作物生长和增强作物的抗逆性。 [0031] (5) combined organic mineral, improve the effectiveness of the fertilizer, humic acid and microbial activity due to the addition, enhanced fertilizer can improve soil, improve the quality of agricultural products, plant growth regulating resistance and enhanced crop.

[0032] (6)肥料利用率高,产品随水施用,针对性强,氮的利用率可达60%、磷的利用率可达30%,钾的利用率可达60%。 [0032] (6) high fertilizer efficiency, the product is administered with water, targeted, the availability of nitrogen up to 60%, up to 30% utilization of phosphorus, potassium, up to 60% utilization. 比常规施肥利用率提高10%以上。 Than conventional fertilizer utilization increased by 10% or more.

[0033] 与现有技术相比,根据本发明所提供的方法生产的水溶性固体生物多元固体肥克服了现有肥料的不足。 [0033] Compared with the prior art, produced according to the method of the present invention there is provided a solid water-soluble polyhydric biological fertilizer overcomes the deficiencies of the prior solid fertilizer. 首先,本发明生产的固体肥料易储藏、耐运输且成本低;其次,水溶性肥料水溶性好> 98%,杂质少,水不溶物< 2%,能够迅速溶解于水中,在作物吸收水分的同时也汲取了养分,大大提高了肥料利用率,氮的利用率可达60%、磷的利用率可达30%,钾的利用率可达60%。 First, the present invention is the production of solid fertilizer is easy storage, and low resistance to transport cost; secondly, soluble fertilizer water solubility> 98%, less impurities, water insoluble <2%, can be quickly dissolved in water, the crops to absorb moisture also draw nutrients, greatly improving the fertilizer use efficiency of nitrogen utilization up to 60%, up to 30% utilization of phosphorus, potassium, up to 60% utilization. 比常规施肥利用率提高10%以上;第三,养分齐全,包含:氮、磷、钾、腐植酸、氨基酸、微量元素、生物菌剂,可使作物营养均衡协调;第四,有效养分含量高,(N+P205+K20) ^ 25%,活性微生物含量高达0. 2亿/克,由于加入活性微生物和腐植酸,增进了肥效,可改良土壤、改善农产品品质、调节作物生长和增强作物的抗逆性。 Than conventional fertilizer utilization increased by 10% or more; third, complete nutrient, comprising: nitrogen, phosphorus, potassium, humic acid, amino acids, trace elements, biological agents, can coordinate balanced plant nutrition; Fourth, active high nutrient content , (N + P205 + K20) ^ 25%, the active microbial content of up to 020 million / g, the activity due to the addition of humic acid and microorganisms, enhanced fertilizer can improve soil, improve the quality of agricultural products, plant growth regulator and enhanced crop resistance.

[0034] 本发明所提供的生产方法,经济实用,操作简便,产品有效成份含量高,有机肥、无机肥相结合,与腐植酸、氨基酸和微生物菌剂配伍随水施用,可提高土壤活性,改良土壤、增进肥效、促进作物生长、增强作物抗逆性和提高作物产量及品质。 [0034] The production process of the present invention provides, economical, easy operation, high active ingredient content of the product, organic fertilizer, inorganic fertilizer combined with the humic acid, amino acids and microbial agents administered compatible with water, can improve soil activity, soil improvement, enhance fertilizer efficiency, promote crop growth, enhance resistance of crops and improve crop yield and quality. 通过本发明的方法生产水溶性微生物多元固体肥料,通过调整养分配比可适用于各种滴灌作物随水施肥,是一种经济实用的水溶性肥料加工方法。 Microbial production of water-soluble solid fertilizer polyols by the process of the present invention is applicable to a variety of crops with water drip irrigation fertilization, it is an economical and practical method of processing soluble fertilizer nutrients by adjusting the ratio.

附图说明 BRIEF DESCRIPTION

[0035] 附图为生产加工水溶性生物多元固体肥料及施用的原理流程图。 [0035] In the accompanying drawings is a schematic flow chart of production and processing of water-soluble solid fertilizer and a biological polyhydric administration.

具体实施方式 detailed description

[0036] 实施例I : [0036] Example I:

[0037] 参照图1,按重量百分比,将25份组分A腐植酸钾(水溶性彡90%,腐植酸^ 75% ),35份组分B硫酸铵含氮21 %、含磷为O、含钾为0,13份组分C磷酸一铵含氮12%、含磷60%、含钾为0,4. 7份组分D硫酸钾含氮为O、含磷为O、含钾50%和0. 3份组分E微生物菌剂、20份组分F氨基酸、2份组分G络合微肥(Zn、B、Mn、Fe、Cu、Mo的比值为 [0037] Referring to FIG 1, by weight percent, 25 parts of potassium humate component A (90% water-soluble San humic acid ^ 75%), 35 parts of component B 21% ammonium nitrogen, phosphorous is O , 0,13 parts of potassium MAP component C 12% nitrogen, 60% phosphorous, potassium 0,4. 7 component D parts potassium nitrogen is O, phosphorous is O, potassium 50% and 0.3 parts of component E microbial agents, 20 parts of component F amino acid, 2 parts of component G complex fertilizer (Zn, B, Mn, Fe, Cu, Mo ratio of

I : 0. 5 : 0. 3 : 0. 2 : 0. I : 0.05)混合均匀,即得到有机质25%、附2%、卩2058%、1(205%、微量元素(Zn+B+Mn+Fe+Cu+Mo) 0. 5%的水溶性生物多元固体肥料,用于滴灌棉花苗期-花铃期随水施肥。 I: 0. 5: 0. 3: 0. 2: 0. I: 0.05) uniformly mixed to obtain a 25% organic matter, with 2% Jie 2058%, 1 (205%, trace elements (Zn + B + Mn + Fe + Cu + Mo) 0. 5% polyhydric water-soluble biologically solid fertilizers, drip irrigation for cotton seedling - boll fertilize with water.

[0038] 所述的组分E最好为固体芽孢杆菌菌剂。 [0038] The component E is preferably a solid microbiological preparation. 其质量要求:有效活菌数(芽孢杆菌)彡200亿/克,杂菌率< 30%,细度彡80%,水不溶物< 2%,水分< 2%。 Quality requirements: effective number of viable cells (Bacillus) Pie 20 billion / g, bacteria <30% 80% San fineness, water insoluble <2%, water content <2%. 神州汉邦(北京)生物技术有限公司生产的禾神元-复合微生物菌剂或北京中农新科生物科技有限公司生产的联抗• II型复合功能菌均可选用,选用其中之一即可。 China Hanbang (Beijing) Biological Technology Co., Ltd. Wo Neuron - complex microbial agents or Beijing Zhongnong new division Biotechnology Co., Ltd. joint production of anti-type II • composite functional bacteria can be selected, the choice of which one can be. [0039] 所述的组分F氨基酸,是由以下主要工艺步骤制备而成:以蛋白质含量>40%的棉柏为原料,通过棉柏的生物发酵,过滤和风干滤液得到水溶性好,高含量的氨基酸和少量的寡肽的氨基酸混合物。 [0039] The amino acid component F, are prepared from the following main process steps: a protein content of> 40% cotton Bo as raw material, obtained by fermentation water solubility, filtered and the filtrate was dried cotton vulgaris, high amino acid content and a small amount of a mixture of oligopeptides.

[0040] 所述的组分G主要由以下工艺步骤制备而成: [0040] the main component G was prepared by the following process steps are made:

[0041] ①在反应釜中加入500份的水(重量份),加热到70°C;②加入有机络合剂乙二胺四乙酸30份(重量份)和柠檬酸60份(重量份)到反应釜中搅拌溶解;③微量元素380份(重量份)按Cu、Zn、Fe、B、Mn、Mo的顺序逐一加入溶解,在70°C下进行I小时的络合反应真空浓缩喷雾干燥制得组分G。 [0041] ① were added 500 parts of water in the reaction vessel (parts by weight), heated to 70 ° C; ② organic complexing agent EDTA was added 30 parts (parts by weight) of citric acid and 60 parts (parts by weight) into the reactor while stirring; ③ trace elements 380 parts (parts by weight) by Cu, Zn, Fe, B, Mn, Mo dissolved one by one in the order, for I hour complexation reaction at 70 ° C for spray dried and concentrated in vacuo G. component prepared

[0042] 上述工艺步骤中可以根据施用的土地养分丰缺情况和作物需肥规律,选择需要补充的微量元素Zn、B、Mn、Fe、Cu、Mo其中的几种和数量;有机络合剂用乙二胺四乙酸和柠檬酸按重量比I:2搭配使用。 [0042] The above-described process steps may be circumstances missing nutrient and fertilizer application rules land administration abundance crop, supplemental select trace elements Zn, B, Mn, Fe, Cu, Mo and number of several therein; organic complexing agent ethylenediaminetetraacetic acid and citric acid with a weight ratio of I: 2 with use.

[0043] 实施例2 : [0043] Example 2:

[0044] 与实施例I相比,不同地方在于按重量百分比,将25份组分A腐植酸钾(水溶性^90%,腐植酸> 75% ),25份组分B硫酸铵含氮21 %、含磷为O、含钾为0,10份组分C磷酸一铵含氮12%、含磷60%、含钾为0,17份组分D硫酸钾含氮为O、含磷为O、含钾50%和I份组分E微生物菌剂、20份组分F氨基酸、2份组分G络合微肥(Zn、B、Mn、Fe、Cu、Mo的比值为I : 0.5 : 0. 3 : 0. 2 : 0. I : 0.05)混合均匀,即得到有机质25%、_.5%、卩2056%、K2Oll. 5%、微量元素(Zn+B+Mn+Fe+Cu+Mo)0. 5%的水溶性微生物多元固体肥料,用于滴灌番茄始花期随水施肥。 [0044] Compared with Example I, except that the percentage by weight where the potassium humate 25 parts of component A (90% water-soluble ^, humic acid> 75%), 25 parts of ammonium nitrogen component B 21 %, phosphorous is O, 0,10 parts potassium MAP component C 12% nitrogen, 60% phosphorous, potassium sulfate as a nitrogen-containing 0,17 parts component D is O, phosphorous is O, 50% potassium parts of component E and I microbial agents, 20 parts of component F amino acid, 2 parts of component G complex fertilizer (Zn, B, Mn, Fe, Cu, Mo ratio of I: 0.5 : 0. 3: 0. 2: 0. I: 0.05) uniformly mixed to obtain a 25% organic matter, _ 5%, Jie 2056%, K2Oll 5%, trace elements (Zn + B + Mn + Fe + Cu.. + Mo) 0. 5% polyhydric water-soluble solid fertilizer microorganisms, tomato early flowering stage for drip irrigation fertilizer with water.

[0045] 所述的组分G主要由以下工艺步骤制备而成: [0045] the main component G was prepared by the following process steps from:

[0046] ①在反应釜中加入550份的水(重量份),加热到80°C ;②加入有机络合剂乙二胺四乙酸25份(重量份)和柠檬酸50份(重量份)到反应釜中搅拌溶解;③微量元素400份(重量份)按Cu、Zn、Fe、B、Mn、Mo的顺序逐一加入溶解,在80°C下进行0.8小时的络合反应真空浓缩喷雾干燥制得组分G。 [0046] ① were added 550 parts of water in the reaction vessel (parts by weight), heated to 80 ° C; ② organic complexing agent EDTA was added 25 parts (parts by weight) of citric acid and 50 parts (parts by weight) into the reactor while stirring; ③ trace elements 400 parts (parts by weight) by Cu, Zn, Fe, B, Mn, Mo dissolved one by one in the order, the complexation reaction for 0.8 hours at 80 ° C for spray dried and concentrated in vacuo G. component prepared

[0047] 实施例3 : [0047] Example 3:

[0048] 与实施例I相比,不同地方在于:按重量百分比,将25份组分A腐植酸钾(水溶性> 90%,腐植酸> 75% )、15份组分B硫酸铵含氮21 %、含磷为O、含钾为0,10份组分C磷酸一铵含氮12%、含磷60%、含钾为0,28份组分D硫酸钾含氮为O、含磷为O、含钾50%和0. 5份组分E微生物菌剂、20份组分F氨基酸、2份组分G络合微肥(Zn、B、Mn、Fe、Cu、Mo的比值为I : 0. 5 : 0. 3 : 0. 2 : 0. I : 0.05)混合均匀,即得到有机质25%、N7.5%、P2O5S%> K2O 16. 5%、微量元素(Zn+B+Mn+Fe+Cu+Mo)0. 5%的水溶性微生物多元固体肥料,用于滴灌西甜瓜果实膨大期随水施肥。 [0048] Compared with Example I, except that the place: by weight percent, 25 parts of potassium humate component A (water-soluble> 90%, humic acid> 75%), 15 parts of ammonium nitrogen component B 21%, phosphorous is O, 0,10 parts potassium MAP component C 12% nitrogen, 60% phosphorous, potassium sulfate as a nitrogen-containing 0,28 parts component D is O, phosphorous is O, 50% potassium component E and 0.5 parts by microbial agents, 20 parts of component F amino acid, 2 parts of component G complex fertilizer (Zn, B, Mn, Fe, Cu, Mo ratio of I: 0. 5: 0. 3: 0. 2: 0. I: 0.05) uniformly mixed to obtain organic matter 25%, N7.5%, P2O5S%> K2O 16. 5%, trace elements (Zn + B + mn + Fe + Cu + Mo) 0. 5% polyhydric water-soluble solid fertilizer microorganism, for drip irrigation melon fruit enlargement fertilize with water.

[0049] 所述的组分G主要由以下工艺步骤制备而成: [0049] the main component G was prepared by the following process steps from:

[0050] ①在反应釜中加入600份的水(重量份),加热到90°C ;②加入有机络合剂乙二胺四乙酸22. 5份(重量份)和柠檬酸45份(重量份)到反应釜中搅拌溶解;③微量元素450份(重量份)按Cu、Zn、Fe、B、Mn、Mo的顺序逐一加入溶解,在90°C下进行0.5小时的络合反应真空浓缩喷雾干燥制得组分G。 [0050] ① were added 600 parts of water in the reaction vessel (parts by weight), heated to 90 ° C; ② adding an organic complexing agent ethylenediaminetetraacetic acid 22.5 parts (parts by weight) of citric acid and 45 parts (by weight parts) was dissolved with stirring into the reaction vessel; ③ trace elements 450 parts (parts by weight) by Cu, Zn, Fe, B, Mn, Mo dissolved one by one in the order, the complexation reaction for 0.5 hours in vacuo at 90 ° C for concentrated spray drying component G.

[0051] 实施例4: [0051] Example 4:

[0052] 与实施例I相比,不同地方在于:按重量百分比,将25份组分A腐植酸钾(水溶性> 90%,腐植酸> 75% ),5份组分B硫酸铵含氮21 %、含磷为O、含钾为0,20份组分C磷酸一铵含氮12%、含磷60%、含钾为0,28份组分D硫酸钾含氮为O、含磷为O、含钾50%和0. 7份组分E微生物菌剂、20份组分F氨基酸、2份组分G络合微肥(Zn、B、Mn、Fe、Cu、Mo的比值为I : 0. 5 : 0. 3 : 0. 2 : 0. I : 0.05)混合均匀,即得到有机质25%、N5.5%、P20512%>K20 16. 5%、微量元素(Zn+B+Mn+Fe+Cu+Mo)0. 5%的水溶性微生物多元固体肥料,用于滴灌葡萄幼果膨大期随水施肥。 [0052] Compared with Example I, except that the place: by weight percent, 25 parts of potassium humate component A (water-soluble> 90%, humic acid> 75%), 5 parts of ammonium nitrogen component B 21%, phosphorous is O, 0.20 parts of potassium MAP component C 12% nitrogen, 60% phosphorous, potassium sulfate as a nitrogen-containing 0,28 parts component D is O, phosphorous is O, 50% potassium component E and 0.7 parts by microbial agents, 20 parts of component F amino acid, 2 parts of component G complex fertilizer (Zn, B, Mn, Fe, Cu, Mo ratio of I: 0. 5: 0. 3: 0. 2: 0. I: 0.05) uniformly mixed to obtain organic matter 25%, N5.5%, P20512%> K20 16. 5%, trace elements (Zn + B + mn + Fe + Cu + Mo) 0. 5% polyhydric water-soluble solid fertilizer microorganisms, young fruit enlargement of grapes for drip irrigation fertilizer with water.

[0053] 所述的组分G主要由以下工艺步骤制备而成: [0053] the main component G was prepared by the following process steps are made:

[0054] ①在反应釜中加入580份的水(重量份),加热到75°C ;②加入有机络合剂乙二胺四乙酸28份(重量份)和柠檬酸56份(重量份)到反应釜中搅拌溶解;③微量元素500份(重量份)按Cu、Zn、Fe、B、Mn、Mo的顺序逐一加入溶解,在90°C下进行0.7小时的络合反应真空浓缩喷雾干燥制得组分G。 [0054] ① was added to the kettle 580 parts of water (parts by weight), heated to 75 ° C; ② organic complexing agent EDTA was added 28 parts (parts by weight) of citric acid and 56 parts (parts by weight) into the reactor while stirring; ③ trace elements 500 parts (parts by weight) by Cu, Zn, Fe, B, Mn, Mo dissolved one by one in the order, the complexation reaction for 0.7 hours at 90 ° C for spray dried and concentrated in vacuo G. component prepared

[0055] 实施例5 : [0055] Example 5:

[0056] 与实施例I相比,不同地方在于:按重量百分比,将10份组分A最好为水溶性腐植酸,所述的水溶性腐植酸为腐植酸钾盐或腐植酸铵盐,原料质量要求:水溶性> 90%,腐植酸> 70 %,I份组分B硫酸铵、5份组分C磷酸一铵、I份组分D硫酸钾和0. I份组分E微生物菌剂、10份组分F氨基酸、0. I份组分G络合微肥(Zn、B、Mn、Fe、Cu、Mo的比值为 [0056] Compared with Example I, in different places in that: by weight percent, 10 parts of the component A is preferably a water-soluble humic acid, humic acid is a humic acid-soluble potassium or ammonium salts of humic acid, quality ingredients: water-soluble> 90%, humic acid> 70%, I B component parts of ammonium sulfate, monoammonium phosphate 5 parts of component C, the component parts of the I and D 0. I parts of potassium microbial component E agent, 10 parts of component F amino acid, 0. I parts of component G ratio complex fertilizer (Zn, B, Mn, Fe, Cu, Mo is

I : 0. 5 : 0. 3 : 0. 2 : 0. I : 0.05)混合均匀,即得到水溶性生物多元固体肥料,用于滴灌棉花苗期-花铃期随水施肥。 I: 0. 5: 0. 3: 0. 2: 0. I: 0.05) uniformly mixed to obtain water-soluble biological polyhydric solid fertilizers, drip irrigation for cotton seedling - Boll fertilize with water.

[0057] 所述的组分G主要由以下工艺步骤制备而成: [0057] the main component G was prepared by the following process steps are made:

[0058] ①在反应釜中加入540份的水(重量份),加热到85°C ;②加入有机络合剂乙二胺四乙酸20份(重量份)和柠檬酸45份(重量份)到反应釜中搅拌溶解;③微量元素550份(重量份)按Cu、Zn、Fe、B、Mn、Mo的顺序逐一加入溶解,在85°C下进行I小时的络合反应真空浓缩喷雾干燥制得组分G。 [0058] ① was added to the kettle 540 parts of water (parts by weight), heated to 85 ° C; ② organic complexing agent EDTA was added 20 parts (parts by weight) of citric acid and 45 parts (parts by weight) into the reactor while stirring; ③ trace elements 550 parts (parts by weight) by Cu, Zn, Fe, B, Mn, Mo dissolved one by one in the order, the complexation reaction for I hour at 85 ° C and concentrated in vacuo spray drying G. component prepared

[0059] 实施例6 : [0059] Example 6:

[0060] 与实施例I相比,不同地方在于:按重量百分比,将15份组分A腐植酸钾(水溶性^90%,腐植酸> 75% )、10份组分B尿素、15份组分C磷酸二氢钾、12份组分D硝酸钾和2份组分E微生物菌剂、15份组分F氨基酸、3份组分G络合微肥(Zn、B、Mn、Fe、Cu、Mo的比值为I : 0. 5 : 0. 3 : 0. 2 : 0. I : 0.05)混合均匀,即得到水溶性微生物多元固体肥料,用于滴灌番茄始花期随水施肥。 [0060] Compared with Example I, except that the place: by weight percent, 15 parts of potassium humate component A (90% water-soluble ^, humic acid> 75%), 10 parts of component B of urea, 15 parts of component C monopotassium phosphate, 12 parts of potassium nitrate and 2 parts of component D component E microbial agents, 15 parts of component F amino acid, 3 parts of component G complex fertilizer (Zn, B, Mn, Fe, Cu, Mo ratio is I: 0. 5: 0. 3: 0. 2: 0. I: 0.05) uniformly mixed to obtain a water-soluble solid fertilizer polyhydric microorganism, tomato early flowering stage for drip irrigation fertilizer with water.

[0061] 实施例7: [0061] Example 7:

[0062] 与实施例I相比,不同地方在于:按重量百分比,将30份组分A腐植酸钾(水溶性^90%,腐植酸> 75% ),20份组分B硝酸铵、25份组分C磷酸脲、10份组分D硫酸钾和5份组分E微生物菌剂、25份组分F氨基酸、4份组分G络合微肥(Zn、B、Mn、Fe)混合均匀,即得到水溶性微生物多元固体肥料,用于滴灌甜瓜果实膨大期随水施肥。 [0062] Compared with Example I, except that the place: by weight percent, 30 parts of potassium humate component A (90% water-soluble ^, humic acid> 75%), 20 parts of ammonium nitrate component B, 25 parts of urea phosphate component C, 10 parts of potassium persulfate and 5 parts of component D component E microbial agents, 25 parts of component F amino acid, 4 parts of component G complex fertilizer (Zn, B, Mn, Fe) mixed uniform, i.e., to obtain a water-soluble polyhydric microorganism solid fertilizers, for drip irrigation with water melon fruit enlargement of fertilization.

[0063] 实施例8 : [0063] Example 8:

[0064] 与实施例I相比,不同地方在于:按重量百分比,将40份组分A腐植酸钾(水溶性^90%,腐植酸> 75%),40份组分B硫酸铵、30份组分C磷酸一铵、18份组分D氯酸钾和7份组分E微生物菌剂、30份组分F氨基酸、5份组分G络合微肥(Zn、B、Mn、Fe、Cu、的比值为I : 0. 5 : 0. 3 : 0. 2 : 0. I)混合均匀,即得到水溶性微生物多元固体肥料,用于滴灌甜瓜幼果膨大期随水施肥。 [0064] Compared with Example I, except that the places: percentage by weight, 40 parts of potassium humate component A (90% water-soluble ^, humic acid> 75%), 40 parts of component B sulfate, 30 component C parts monoammonium phosphate, 18 parts of potassium perchlorate and 7 parts of component D component E microbial agents, 30 parts of component F amino acid, 5 parts of component G complex fertilizer (Zn, B, Mn, Fe, Cu , the ratio of I: 0. 5: 0. 3: 0. 2: 0. I) uniformly mixed to obtain a water-soluble polyhydric microorganism solid fertilizers, for drip irrigation with water melon fertilization of young fruit enlargement.

[0065] 实施例9 : [0065] Example 9:

[0066] 与实施例I相比,不同地方在于:按重量百分比,将28份组分A腐植酸钾(水溶性^90%,腐植酸> 75%),60份组分B硫酸铵、28份组分C磷酸一铵、25份组分D硫酸钾和9份组分E微生物菌剂、35份组分F氨基酸、8份组分G络合微肥(Zn、B、Mn、Fe、Cu、Mo的比值为I : 0. 5 : 0. 3 : 0. 2 : 0. I : 0.05)混合均匀,即得到水溶性生物多元固体肥料,用于滴灌棉花苗期-花铃期随水施肥。 [0066] Compared with Example I, except that the place: by weight percent, 28 parts of the component A potassium humate (^ 90% of the water-soluble humic acid> 75%), 60 parts of component B sulfate, 28 component C parts monoammonium phosphate, potassium persulfate and 25 parts of component D component E 9 parts by microbial agents, 35 parts of component F amino acid, 8 parts of component G complex fertilizer (Zn, B, Mn, Fe, Cu, Mo ratio is I: 0. 5: 0. 3: 0. 2: 0. I: 0.05) uniformly mixed to obtain water-soluble biological polyhydric solid fertilizers, drip irrigation for cotton seedling - boll with water fertilization.

[0067] 实施例10 : [0067] Example 10:

[0068] 与实施例I相比,不同地方在于:按重量百分比,将28份组分A腐植酸钾(水溶性^ 90%,腐植酸> 75%),42份组分B尿素、26份组分C磷酸二氢钾、30份组分D硝酸钾和10份组分E微生物菌剂、40份组分F氨基酸、10份组分G络合微肥(Zn、Fe、Cu、Mo的比值为I : 0. 2 : 0. I : 0.05)混合均匀,即得到水溶性微生物多元固体肥料,用于滴灌番茄始花期随水施肥。 [0068] Compared with Example I, except that the place: by weight percent, 28 parts of the component A KHm (^ 90% of the water-soluble humic acid> 75%), 42 parts of component B of urea, 26 parts of component C monopotassium phosphate, 30 parts of potassium nitrate and 10 parts of component D component E microbial agents, 40 parts of component F amino acid, 10 parts of component G complex fertilizer (Zn, Fe, Cu, Mo of ratio of I: 0. 2: 0. I: 0.05) uniformly mixed to obtain a water-soluble solid fertilizer polyhydric microorganism, tomato early flowering stage for drip irrigation fertilizer with water.

[0069] 实施例11 : [0069] Example 11:

[0070] 与实施例I相比,不同地方在于:按重量百分比,将30份组分A腐植酸钾(水溶性^90%,腐植酸> 75% ),50份组分B硝酸铵、25份组分C磷酸脲、40份组分D硫酸钾和5份组分E微生物菌剂、25份组分F氨基酸、4份组分G络合微肥(Zn、B、Mn、Fe)混合均匀,即得到水溶性微生物多元固体肥料,用于滴灌甜瓜果实膨大期随水施肥。 [0070] Compared with Example I, except that the place: by weight percent, 30 parts of potassium humate component A (90% water-soluble ^, humic acid> 75%), 50 parts of ammonium nitrate component B, 25 parts of urea phosphate component C, 40 parts of potassium persulfate and 5 parts of component D component E microbial agents, 25 parts of component F amino acid, 4 parts of component G complex fertilizer (Zn, B, Mn, Fe) mixed uniform, i.e., to obtain a water-soluble polyhydric microorganism solid fertilizers, for drip irrigation with water melon fruit enlargement of fertilization.

[0071] 实施例12 : [0071] Example 12:

[0072] 与实施例I相比,不同地方在于:按重量百分比,将22份组分A腐植酸钾(水溶性^90%,腐植酸> 75%),28份组分B硫酸铵、18份组分C磷酸一铵、45份组分D氯酸钾和3份组分E微生物菌剂、30份组分F氨基酸、5份组分G络合微肥(Zn、B、Mn、Fe、Cu、的比值为I : 0. 5 : 0. 3 : 0. 2 : 0. I)混合均匀,即得到水溶性微生物多元固体肥料,用于滴灌甜瓜幼果膨大期随水施肥。 [0072] Compared with Example I, except that the place: by weight percent, 22 parts of the component A KHm (^ 90% of the water-soluble humic acid> 75%), 28 parts of component B sulfate, 18 C monoammonium phosphate component parts, 45 parts and 3 parts of potassium chlorate component D component E microbial agents, 30 parts of component F amino acid, 5 parts of component G complex fertilizer (Zn, B, Mn, Fe, Cu , the ratio of I: 0. 5: 0. 3: 0. 2: 0. I) uniformly mixed to obtain a water-soluble polyhydric microorganism solid fertilizers, for drip irrigation with water melon fertilization of young fruit enlargement.

[0073] 实施例12 : [0073] Example 12:

[0074] 与实施例I相比,不同地方在于::按重量百分比,将22份组分A腐植酸钾(水溶性> 90%,腐植酸> 75%),25份组分B硫酸铵、30份组分C磷酸一铵、50份组分D氯酸钾和I份组分E微生物菌剂、18份组分F氨基酸、2份组分G络合微肥(Zn、B、Mn、Fe、Cu、的比值为I : 0. 5 : 0. 3 : 0. 2 : 0. I)混合均匀,即得到水溶性微生物多元固体肥料。 [0074] Compared with Example I, except that where :: a percentage by weight, 22 parts of the potassium humate component A (water-soluble> 90%, humic acid> 75%), 25 parts of ammonium sulfate component B, component C 30 parts of monoammonium phosphate, 50 parts of potassium perchlorate and I parts component D component E microbial agents, 18 parts of component F amino acid, 2 parts of component G complex fertilizer (Zn, B, Mn, Fe, the ratio of Cu, as I: 0. 5: 0. 3: 0. 2: 0. I) uniformly mixed to obtain a water-soluble polyhydric solid fertilizers microorganism.

Claims (10)

  1. 1. 一种水溶性微生物多元固体肥料的生产方法,其特征在于工艺步骤主要包括将以下重量份的主要组份混合均匀后即得到水溶性微生物多元固体肥料: <;^组分A : 10〜50份、组分B :1〜60份、组分C :5〜30份、组分D :1〜50份、组分E :0. I〜10份、组分F : 10〜40份、组分G :0. I〜10份; 其中组分A为水溶性腐植酸;组分B为氮肥;组分C为水溶性磷肥;组分D为水溶性钾肥;组分E为固体微生物菌剂;组分F为氨基酸;组分G为微量元素。 1. A method for producing a solid water-soluble polyhydric microbial fertilizer, characterized in that the process step mainly comprises the following parts by weight of a principal component is obtained after the water-soluble mixed fertilizer microorganism polyhydric solid: <; ^ Component A: 10~ 50 parts of component B: 1~60 parts component C: 5~30 parts component D: 1~50 parts, component E:. 0 I~10 parts, component F: 10~40 parts, component G: 0 I~10 parts; wherein component A is a water-soluble humic acid; component B is nitrogen; component C is a water soluble phosphate; component D is water soluble potassium; component E is a solid microbial agent; component F is an amino acid; G is a trace element component.
  2. 2.如权利要求I所述的水溶性微生物多元固体肥料的生产方法,其特征在于所述的组分A为水溶性腐植酸,所述的水溶性腐植酸为腐植酸钾盐或腐植酸铵盐。 2. The method for producing the I-soluble solid fertilizer microorganism polyhydric claim, wherein said component A is a water-soluble humic acid, humic acid is a humic acid soluble humic acid potassium salt or ammonium salt.
  3. 3.如权利要求I或2所述的水溶性微生物多元固体肥料的生产方法,其特征在于所述的组分B为尿素、硫酸铵、硝酸铵中的一种。 3. I or a microorganism producing a water-soluble polyhydric solid fertilizers according to claim 2, wherein said component B into a urea, ammonium sulfate, ammonium nitrate.
  4. 4.如权利要求I或2所述的水溶性微生物多元固体肥料的生产方法,其特征在于所述的组分C为水溶性好的磷酸二氢钾、磷酸一铵、磷酸脲其中的一种。 4. The method for producing a microorganism or a water-soluble I according to more than two yuan solid fertilizer as claimed in claim wherein said component C is a good water-soluble potassium dihydrogen phosphate, monoammonium phosphate, urea phosphate which one .
  5. 5.如权利要求I或2所述的水溶性微生物多元固体肥料的生产方法,其特征在于所述的组分D为水溶性好的氯化钾、硝酸钾、硫酸钾中的一种。 5. A microorganism producing a water-soluble or I according to more than two yuan solid fertilizer as claimed in claim wherein said water soluble component D good potassium chloride, potassium nitrate, potassium sulfate of one kind.
  6. 6.如权利要求I或2所述的水溶性微生物多元固体肥料的生产方法,其特征在于所述的组分E为固体芽孢杆菌菌剂。 6. I or a microorganism producing a water-soluble polyhydric solid fertilizers according to claim 2, wherein said component E is a solid microbiological preparation.
  7. 7.如权利要求I或2所述的水溶性微生物多元固体肥料的生产方法,其特征在于所述的组分F氨基酸,是由以下主要工艺步骤制备而成:以蛋白质含量> 40%的棉柏为原料,通过棉柏的生物发酵,过滤和风干滤液得到水溶性好,高含量的氨基酸和少量的寡肽的氨基酸混合物。 7. A method for producing a microorganism or a water-soluble I according to more than two yuan solid fertilizer as claimed in claim wherein said amino acid component F, are prepared from the following main process steps: a protein content of> 40% cotton Bo as a raw material, obtained by fermentation water solubility, filtered and the filtrate was dried cotton cedar, high levels of amino acids and a minor amount of a mixture of oligopeptides.
  8. 8.如权利要求I或2所述的水溶性微生物多元固体肥料的生产方法,其特征在于所述的组分G微量元素为锌肥、硼肥、锰肥、铁肥、铜肥、钥肥其中的两种或几种经络合反应喷雾干燥而制得的复合微量元素。 8. A method for producing a microorganism or water-soluble polyhydric I a solid fertilizer according to claim 2, wherein the Zn component G trace elements, boron, manganese fertilizer, fertilizer iron, copper fertilizer, fertilizer key wherein the reaction of two or more co-spray drying meridian prepared composite trace elements.
  9. 9.如权利要求8所述的水溶性微生物多元固体肥料的生产方法,其特征在于所述的组分G制备主要由以下工艺步骤完成: ①在反应釜中加入500〜600份的水(重量份),加热到70〜90°C 加入有机络合剂乙二胺四乙酸20〜30份(重量份)和柠檬酸45〜60份(重量份)到反应釜中搅拌溶解;③微量元素380〜550份(重量份)按Cu、Zn、Fe、B、Mn、Mo的顺序逐一加入溶解,在70〜90°C下进行0. 5〜I小时的络合反应真空浓缩喷雾干燥制得组分G ;上述工艺步骤中可以根据施用的土地养分丰缺情况和作物需肥规律,选择需要补充的微量元素Zn、B、Mn、Fe、Cu、Mo其中的几种和数量。 9. The method for producing a water-soluble solid fertilizer polyhydric microorganism according to claim 8, wherein said component G prepared mainly by the following process: ① From 500~600 parts of water were added to the reaction kettle (wt. parts) was heated to 70~90 ° C was added an organic complexing agent ethylenediaminetetraacetic acid 20 to 30 parts (parts by weight) and citric acid 45~60 parts (parts by weight) was dissolved with stirring into the reaction vessel; ③ Trace Elements 380 ~550 parts (parts by weight) by Cu, Zn, Fe, B, Mn, Mo dissolved one by one in the order, be 0. 5~I complexed hours at 70~90 ° C the reaction was concentrated in vacuo spray drying group points G; according to the above-described process steps may be circumstances missing nutrient and fertilizer application rules land administration abundance crop, supplemental select trace elements Zn, B, Mn, Fe, Cu, Mo, and wherein the number of several.
  10. 10.如权利要求9所述的水溶性微生物多元固体肥料的生产方法,其特征在于所述有机络合剂用乙二胺四乙酸和柠檬酸按重量比I:2搭配使用。 10. A method for producing a water-soluble solid fertilizer polyhydric microorganism according to claim 9, characterized in that the organic complexing agent ethylenediaminetetraacetic acid and citric acid with a weight ratio of I: 2 with use.
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CN103896673B (en) * 2012-12-29 2016-01-20 中国科学院沈阳应用生态研究所 One kind of type encourage stable soluble fertilizer efficiency
CN103387473B (en) * 2013-07-04 2016-01-06 泰州市宏昌配肥科技有限公司 Water-soluble fertilizer containing trace elements
CN103387473A (en) * 2013-07-04 2013-11-13 泰州市宏昌配肥科技有限公司 Water-soluble fertilizer containing trace elements
CN103396252B (en) * 2013-08-13 2015-02-18 山东宝源生物有限公司 Compound microbial fertilizer containing amino acid as well as preparation method and application thereof
CN103396252A (en) * 2013-08-13 2013-11-20 山东宝源生物有限公司 Compound microbial fertilizer containing amino acid as well as preparation method and application thereof
CN103896666B (en) * 2014-04-18 2015-05-13 新疆农垦科学院 Carbon-containing water-soluble fertilizer
CN103896666A (en) * 2014-04-18 2014-07-02 新疆农垦科学院 Carbon-containing water-soluble fertilizer
CN104151079A (en) * 2014-08-25 2014-11-19 河北沃田生物肥业有限公司 Organic-inorganic microbiological water-soluble fertilizer specially used for grape and preparation method thereof
CN104151079B (en) * 2014-08-25 2016-07-13 河北沃田生物肥业有限公司 Organic Grape dedicated - Preparation of water-soluble inorganic fertilizers microorganism
CN105330425A (en) * 2014-11-15 2016-02-17 深圳市芭田生态工程股份有限公司 Multiple-effect liquid fertilizer and preparation method and application thereof
CN105330424A (en) * 2014-11-15 2016-02-17 深圳市芭田生态工程股份有限公司 Organic-carbon long-acting liquid fertilizer
CN104370650A (en) * 2014-11-27 2015-02-25 昆明锦钰环保科技有限公司 Special fully-watersoluble organic fertilizer for flue-cured tobacco
CN104692951A (en) * 2015-03-19 2015-06-10 四川金象赛瑞化工股份有限公司 Water-soluble compound nitrogen fertilizer and preparation method
CN105016910A (en) * 2015-08-25 2015-11-04 罗跃东 Water and fertilizer integrated water-soluble fertilizer and preparation method thereof
CN105110991A (en) * 2015-09-25 2015-12-02 权建升 Water-soluble composite biological bacterial fertilizer and preparation method thereof
CN105993261A (en) * 2016-05-17 2016-10-12 四川新隆农业科技有限公司 Soil improvement method based on calcium-magnesium-silicon-potassium bioactive fertilizer

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