CN102598911A - Method for remedying heavy metal polluted mining soil - Google Patents

Method for remedying heavy metal polluted mining soil Download PDF

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Publication number
CN102598911A
CN102598911A CN2012100872720A CN201210087272A CN102598911A CN 102598911 A CN102598911 A CN 102598911A CN 2012100872720 A CN2012100872720 A CN 2012100872720A CN 201210087272 A CN201210087272 A CN 201210087272A CN 102598911 A CN102598911 A CN 102598911A
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Prior art keywords
soil
parts
original
tree well
filler
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Pending
Application number
CN2012100872720A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
陈勇明
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CHANGSHU JIASHENG AGRICULTURAL TECHNOLOGY DEVELOPMENT Co Ltd
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CHANGSHU JIASHENG AGRICULTURAL TECHNOLOGY DEVELOPMENT Co Ltd
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Priority to CN2012100872720A priority Critical patent/CN102598911A/en
Publication of CN102598911A publication Critical patent/CN102598911A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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Abstract

The invention discloses a method for remedying heavy metal polluted mining soil, which includes: using fish-scale pits to prepare the land; separately stacking the soil of different stratums in excavation; separating the surface soil and the undersoil; allowing unpolluted soil to stand by; filling the finished tree pits with the surface soil obtained in excavating the tree pits; well mixing the tree pit filling with the unpolluted soil excavated on the spot or borrowed soil, and filling the mixture into the tree pits; and finally filling with the undersoil or borrowed soil. On the basis of the prior art, ingredients of the filling are changed, so that planted plants are easy to survive and can successfully live through the transitional period, and the basis for remediation later is laid.

Description

The method of a kind of repairing heavy metal pollution mining area soil
Technical field
What the present invention relates to is the method for a kind of repairing heavy metal pollution mining area soil.
Background technology
At present, the green reparation of heavy metal pollution mining area soil is mainly the plantation heavy metal accumulation plant in the heavy metal pollution mining area, through the absorption of enriching plant; Reach the purpose of reparation, yet, in the quite high area of heavy metal concentration; The survival rate of enriching plant can not get guaranteeing that tracing it to its cause is that plant needs a phase buffer after being transplanted to the contaminated area, if direct transplanting is to the heavily contaminated area; Even high enriching plant is not if the chance that can not get cushioning still can adapt to new environment.
Summary of the invention
The present invention is directed to existing deficiency the method for a kind of repairing heavy metal pollution mining area soil is provided.
The present invention realizes above-mentioned purpose through following method.
The method of a kind of repairing heavy metal pollution mining area soil adopts whole ground, fish scale pit, different levels soil pile up separately when digging pit, and table soil separates with subsoil, and pollution-free soil is subsequent use; In excavating good tree well, insert the table soil that digs out when excavating tree well earlier; Pollution-free soil that then tree well filler and original position is dug out or soil moved in to improve the original mix to be inserted in the tree well, inserts subsoil or soil moved in to improve the original again, the long 40-60 of described tree well centimetre, wide 40-60 centimetre, dark 50-70 centimetre; Soil in the tree well is made up of top layer, intermediate layer and bottom; Skin depth is 5-15 centimetre, and underlayer thickness is 5-15 centimetre, and intermediate layer thickness is 20-40 centimetre; The top layer is subsoil or soil moved in to improve the original, and the intermediate layer is that pollution-free soil or the soil moved in to improve the original that filler and original position are dug out evenly mixes, and bottom is table soil or soil moved in to improve the original, and the filler of each tree well input is a compoiste fertilizer; Described compoiste fertilizer is made up of the composition of following weight ratio: potassium sulphate 25-40 part, ammonium sulfate 30-35 part, high calcium clay 2-4 part; Diammonium phosphate 20-25 part, fulvic acid 10-15 part, soluble chitosan 1-4 part; Organic waste 50-60 part, micro-4-7 part, perlite 5-10 part; Vermiculite 3-6 part, fenaminosulf 1-3 part, tpn 2-4 part.
Described organic waste is: one or several mixtures of branch, dry branches and fallen leaves, wood chip, peat, municipal sludge;
Described trace element is Cu, Fe, Mn, B, the Mo mixture of equivalent.
The weight of said filler accounts for the soil of tree well and the 20-30% of filler gross weight.
Compoiste fertilizer preferably is made up of the composition of following weight ratio: 32 parts of potassium sulphates, 33 parts in ammonium sulfate, 3 parts of high calcium clays, 22 parts of diammonium phosphate; 13 parts of fulvic acids, 2 parts of soluble chitosans, 55 parts of organic wastes, 5 parts of trace elements; 7 parts of perlites, 5 parts of vermiculites, 2 parts of fenaminosulf, 3 parts of tpns.
Beneficial effect
The present invention has the following advantages:
(1) the present invention changes the composition of filler on the basis of existing technology, makes the plant of being planted become alive easily; Successfully tide over phase buffer, for reparation afterwards lays the first stone, specifically; Using increasing the soil organic matter of filler of the present invention improved soil physico-chemical property and will be got positive effect, set up fenaminosulf and tpn; Under the prerequisite that increases the soil organic matter, reduced the probability of plant infection damage by disease and insect; Various fertilizer and perlite, vermiculite are carried out reasonable formula, and scientific formulation is reasonable, wide accommodation; Fertilizer efficiency is powerful lasting; This season availability is high, and perlite, vermiculite in the prescription have obvious improved effect to the soil texture, and various plant transplantation survival rates are increased substantially;
(2) method of planting of the present invention is excavated planting pit for adopting whole ground, fish scale pit, utilizes to put soil or soil moved in to improve the original and mixes with filler and carries out the hillside fields tree planting.This method of planting is simple, has the sapling survival rate of raising and growth rate, has rehabilitating soil and vegetation, reduces the effect of water and soil loss.
Embodiment
Below in conjunction with embodiment the present invention is further described, following each embodiment only is used to explain the present invention, to not restriction of the present invention.
Embodiment one
The method of a kind of repairing heavy metal pollution mining area soil adopts whole ground, fish scale pit, different levels soil pile up separately when digging pit, and table soil separates with subsoil, and pollution-free soil is subsequent use; In excavating good tree well, insert the table soil that digs out when excavating tree well earlier; Pollution-free soil that then tree well filler and original position is dug out or soil moved in to improve the original mix to be inserted in the tree well, inserts subsoil or soil moved in to improve the original again, long 40 centimetres, wide 40 centimetres, dark 50 centimetres of described tree well; Soil in the tree well is made up of top layer, intermediate layer and bottom; Skin depth is 5 centimetres, and underlayer thickness is 5 centimetres, and intermediate layer thickness is 40 centimetres; The top layer is subsoil or soil moved in to improve the original, and the intermediate layer is that pollution-free soil or the soil moved in to improve the original that filler and original position are dug out evenly mixes, and bottom is table soil or soil moved in to improve the original, and the filler of each tree well input is a compoiste fertilizer; Described compoiste fertilizer is made up of the composition of following weight ratio: 25 parts of potassium sulphates, 30 parts in ammonium sulfate, 2 parts of high calcium clays, 20 parts of diammonium phosphate; 10 parts of fulvic acids, 1 part of soluble chitosan, 50 parts of dry branches and fallen leavess, 4 parts of trace elements; 5 parts of perlites, 3 parts of vermiculites, 1 part of fenaminosulf, 2 parts of tpns.
Described trace element is Cu, Fe, Mn, B, the Mo mixture of equivalent.
The weight of said filler account for tree well soil and filler gross weight 20%.
Embodiment two
The method of a kind of repairing heavy metal pollution mining area soil adopts whole ground, fish scale pit, different levels soil pile up separately when digging pit, and table soil separates with subsoil, and pollution-free soil is subsequent use; In excavating good tree well, insert the table soil that digs out when excavating tree well earlier; Pollution-free soil that then tree well filler and original position is dug out or soil moved in to improve the original mix to be inserted in the tree well, inserts subsoil or soil moved in to improve the original again, long 60 centimetres, wide 60 centimetres, dark 70 centimetres of described tree well; Soil in the tree well is made up of top layer, intermediate layer and bottom; Skin depth is 15 centimetres, and underlayer thickness is 15 centimetres, and intermediate layer thickness is 40 centimetres; The top layer is subsoil or soil moved in to improve the original, and the intermediate layer is that pollution-free soil or the soil moved in to improve the original that filler and original position are dug out evenly mixes, and bottom is table soil or soil moved in to improve the original, and the filler of each tree well input is a compoiste fertilizer; Described compoiste fertilizer is made up of the composition of following weight ratio: 40 parts of potassium sulphates, 35 parts in ammonium sulfate, 4 parts of high calcium clays; 25 parts of diammonium phosphate, 15 parts of fulvic acids, 4 parts of soluble chitosans; 60 parts of peat and municipal sludges, 7 parts of trace elements, 10 parts of perlites; 6 parts of vermiculites, 3 parts of fenaminosulf, tpn 2-4 part.
Described trace element is Cu, Fe, Mn, B, the Mo mixture of equivalent.
The weight of said filler account for tree well soil and filler gross weight 30%.
Embodiment three
The method of a kind of repairing heavy metal pollution mining area soil adopts whole ground, fish scale pit, different levels soil pile up separately when digging pit, and table soil separates with subsoil, and pollution-free soil is subsequent use; In excavating good tree well, insert the table soil that digs out when excavating tree well earlier; Pollution-free soil that then tree well filler and original position is dug out or soil moved in to improve the original mix to be inserted in the tree well, inserts subsoil or soil moved in to improve the original again, long 50 centimetres, wide 50 centimetres, dark 50 centimetres of described tree well; Soil in the tree well is made up of top layer, intermediate layer and bottom; Skin depth is 10 centimetres, and underlayer thickness is 10 centimetres, and intermediate layer thickness is 30 centimetres; The top layer is subsoil or soil moved in to improve the original, and the intermediate layer is that pollution-free soil or the soil moved in to improve the original that filler and original position are dug out evenly mixes, and bottom is table soil or soil moved in to improve the original, and the filler of each tree well input is a compoiste fertilizer; Described compoiste fertilizer is made up of the composition of following weight ratio: 32 parts of potassium sulphates, 33 parts in ammonium sulfate, 3 parts of high calcium clays, 22 parts of diammonium phosphate; 13 parts of fulvic acids, 2 parts of soluble chitosans, 55 parts in branch, 5 parts of trace elements; 7 parts of perlites, 5 parts of vermiculites, 2 parts of fenaminosulf, 3 parts of tpns.
Described trace element is Cu, Fe, Mn, B, the Mo mixture of equivalent.
The weight of said filler account for tree well soil and filler gross weight 25%.
The preferred embodiment that the above-mentioned inventor of being provides the invention is not restricted to these embodiment.

Claims (3)

1. the method for a repairing heavy metal pollution mining area soil adopts whole ground, fish scale pit, different levels soil pile up separately when digging pit, and table soil separates with subsoil, and pollution-free soil is subsequent use; In excavating good tree well, insert the table soil that digs out when excavating tree well earlier; Pollution-free soil that then tree well filler and original position is dug out or soil moved in to improve the original mix to be inserted in the tree well, inserts subsoil or soil moved in to improve the original again, the long 40-60 of described tree well centimetre, wide 40-60 centimetre, dark 50-70 centimetre; Soil in the tree well is made up of top layer, intermediate layer and bottom; Skin depth is 5-15 centimetre, and underlayer thickness is 5-15 centimetre, and intermediate layer thickness is 20-40 centimetre; The top layer is subsoil or soil moved in to improve the original, and the intermediate layer is that pollution-free soil or the soil moved in to improve the original that filler and original position are dug out evenly mixes, and bottom is characterized in that for table soil or soil moved in to improve the original the filler of each tree well input is a compoiste fertilizer; Described compoiste fertilizer is made up of the composition of following weight ratio: potassium sulphate 25-40 part, ammonium sulfate 30-35 part, high calcium clay 2-4 part; Diammonium phosphate 20-25 part, fulvic acid 10-15 part, soluble chitosan 1-4 part; Organic waste 50-60 part, micro-4-7 part, perlite 5-10 part; Vermiculite 3-6 part, fenaminosulf 1-3 part, tpn 2-4 part;
Described organic waste is: one or several mixtures of branch, dry branches and fallen leaves, wood chip, peat, municipal sludge;
Described trace element is Cu, Fe, Mn, B, the Mo mixture of equivalent.
2. the method for a kind of repairing heavy metal pollution as claimed in claim 1 mining area soil is characterized in that the weight of said filler accounts for the soil of tree well and the 20-30% of filler gross weight.
3. the method for a kind of repairing heavy metal pollution as claimed in claim 1 mining area soil is characterized in that described compoiste fertilizer preferably is made up of the composition of following weight ratio: 32 parts of potassium sulphates, 33 parts in ammonium sulfate; 3 parts of high calcium clays, 22 parts of diammonium phosphate, 13 parts of fulvic acids, 2 parts of soluble chitosans; 55 parts of organic wastes, 5 parts of trace elements, 7 parts of perlites; 5 parts of vermiculites, 2 parts of fenaminosulf, 3 parts of tpns.
CN2012100872720A 2012-03-29 2012-03-29 Method for remedying heavy metal polluted mining soil Pending CN102598911A (en)

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Cited By (24)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103609361A (en) * 2013-12-05 2014-03-05 芜湖欧标农业发展有限公司 Planting soil for planting evergreen shrubs, evergreen shrub planting method and recycling method
CN103769411A (en) * 2012-10-22 2014-05-07 中国科学院沈阳应用生态研究所 Remediation method for soil contaminated by polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) by using gramineous plant Festuca arundinacea
CN104560049A (en) * 2015-02-09 2015-04-29 湖南神隆超级稻丰产工程有限公司 Soil heavy metal repairing agent
CN105935696A (en) * 2016-05-30 2016-09-14 青岛理工大学 Novel pollution site Cd in-situ detoxification method based on biogas residues
CN105935695A (en) * 2016-05-30 2016-09-14 青岛理工大学 Novel contaminated site Hg in-situ detoxifying method based on biogas residues
CN105935693A (en) * 2016-05-30 2016-09-14 青岛理工大学 Heavy-pollution site Sb in-situ and off-site coupling detoxication method
CN105935697A (en) * 2016-05-30 2016-09-14 青岛理工大学 Chromium slag detoxification method based on sludge
CN105945065A (en) * 2016-05-30 2016-09-21 青岛理工大学 Heavily-polluted site Cu in-situ and ex-situ coupling detoxification method based on biogas residues
CN105945055A (en) * 2016-05-30 2016-09-21 青岛理工大学 Heavily-polluted site Hg in-situ and ex-situ coupling detoxification method based on biogas residues
CN105945064A (en) * 2016-05-30 2016-09-21 青岛理工大学 Novel contaminated soil hexavalent chromium detoxification method based on biogas residues
CN105945052A (en) * 2016-05-30 2016-09-21 青岛理工大学 Heavily-polluted site Pb in-situ and ex-situ couplingdetoxificationmethod
CN105945056A (en) * 2016-05-30 2016-09-21 青岛理工大学 Heavy-polluted site Cd in-situ and ectopic coupling detoxification method based on biogas residues
CN105964684A (en) * 2016-05-30 2016-09-28 青岛理工大学 Heavy pollution site Cd in-situ and off-site coupling detoxification method
CN105964683A (en) * 2016-05-30 2016-09-28 青岛理工大学 Chromium slag detoxification method based on biogas residues
CN106001085A (en) * 2016-05-30 2016-10-12 青岛理工大学 Zn in-situ and heterotopic coupling detoxifying method for heavily-contaminated site
CN106001088A (en) * 2016-05-30 2016-10-12 青岛理工大学 Pb in-situ and heterotopic coupling detoxifying method for heavily-contaminated site based on biogas residues
CN106001087A (en) * 2016-05-30 2016-10-12 青岛理工大学 Hg in-situ and heterotopic coupling detoxifying method for heavily-contaminated site
CN106001081A (en) * 2016-05-30 2016-10-12 青岛理工大学 Novel Sb in-situ detoxifying method for contaminated site based on biogas residues
CN106031927A (en) * 2016-05-30 2016-10-19 青岛理工大学 Novel contaminated site Zn in-situ detoxification method based on biogas residues
CN106040735A (en) * 2016-05-30 2016-10-26 青岛理工大学 Heavily-polluted site Cu in-situ and ex-situ coupling detoxifying method
CN106040736A (en) * 2016-05-30 2016-10-26 青岛理工大学 Biogas-residue-based in-situ and heterotopic coupling detoxication method for Sb of heavily-polluted site
CN106269826A (en) * 2016-09-26 2017-01-04 山东省科学院海洋仪器仪表研究所 Automatization's Ecosystem restoration system of a kind of soil and method
CN106433668A (en) * 2016-08-30 2017-02-22 广州润土环境治理有限公司 Heavy metal pollution soil restoration agent and use method thereof
CN111570503A (en) * 2020-05-18 2020-08-25 首建科技有限公司 Method for restoring soil polluted by organic synthetic pesticide

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CN1631852A (en) * 2004-11-26 2005-06-29 栖霞市宏翔微生物肥料有限公司 Organic fertilizer and its production process
CN101366354A (en) * 2007-08-15 2009-02-18 中国科学院沈阳应用生态研究所 Tree planting method at magnesite flour dust polluted area hillside fields and tree pit filler
CN101717310A (en) * 2009-12-17 2010-06-02 华中农业大学 Nutrient medium and application for soilless culture
CN102267842A (en) * 2011-06-24 2011-12-07 东北师范大学 Organic-inorganic block controlled release fertilizer and preparation method thereof

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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN1232009A (en) * 1999-04-23 1999-10-20 西北农业大学无公害农药研究服务中心 All nutrient humic acid compound pesticide contg. fertilizer and preparing method thereof
CN1631852A (en) * 2004-11-26 2005-06-29 栖霞市宏翔微生物肥料有限公司 Organic fertilizer and its production process
CN101366354A (en) * 2007-08-15 2009-02-18 中国科学院沈阳应用生态研究所 Tree planting method at magnesite flour dust polluted area hillside fields and tree pit filler
CN101717310A (en) * 2009-12-17 2010-06-02 华中农业大学 Nutrient medium and application for soilless culture
CN102267842A (en) * 2011-06-24 2011-12-07 东北师范大学 Organic-inorganic block controlled release fertilizer and preparation method thereof

Cited By (30)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103769411A (en) * 2012-10-22 2014-05-07 中国科学院沈阳应用生态研究所 Remediation method for soil contaminated by polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) by using gramineous plant Festuca arundinacea
CN103769411B (en) * 2012-10-22 2016-03-16 中国科学院沈阳应用生态研究所 A kind of method utilizing grass fire phoenix to repair polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon pollution
CN103609361A (en) * 2013-12-05 2014-03-05 芜湖欧标农业发展有限公司 Planting soil for planting evergreen shrubs, evergreen shrub planting method and recycling method
CN104560049A (en) * 2015-02-09 2015-04-29 湖南神隆超级稻丰产工程有限公司 Soil heavy metal repairing agent
CN104560049B (en) * 2015-02-09 2016-04-27 湖南神隆超级稻丰产工程有限公司 A kind of heavy metal-polluted soil renovation agent
CN105964683A (en) * 2016-05-30 2016-09-28 青岛理工大学 Chromium slag detoxification method based on biogas residues
CN105935695A (en) * 2016-05-30 2016-09-14 青岛理工大学 Novel contaminated site Hg in-situ detoxifying method based on biogas residues
CN105935693A (en) * 2016-05-30 2016-09-14 青岛理工大学 Heavy-pollution site Sb in-situ and off-site coupling detoxication method
CN105935697A (en) * 2016-05-30 2016-09-14 青岛理工大学 Chromium slag detoxification method based on sludge
CN105945065A (en) * 2016-05-30 2016-09-21 青岛理工大学 Heavily-polluted site Cu in-situ and ex-situ coupling detoxification method based on biogas residues
CN105945055A (en) * 2016-05-30 2016-09-21 青岛理工大学 Heavily-polluted site Hg in-situ and ex-situ coupling detoxification method based on biogas residues
CN105945064A (en) * 2016-05-30 2016-09-21 青岛理工大学 Novel contaminated soil hexavalent chromium detoxification method based on biogas residues
CN105945052A (en) * 2016-05-30 2016-09-21 青岛理工大学 Heavily-polluted site Pb in-situ and ex-situ couplingdetoxificationmethod
CN105945056A (en) * 2016-05-30 2016-09-21 青岛理工大学 Heavy-polluted site Cd in-situ and ectopic coupling detoxification method based on biogas residues
CN105964684A (en) * 2016-05-30 2016-09-28 青岛理工大学 Heavy pollution site Cd in-situ and off-site coupling detoxification method
CN105935696A (en) * 2016-05-30 2016-09-14 青岛理工大学 Novel pollution site Cd in-situ detoxification method based on biogas residues
CN106001085A (en) * 2016-05-30 2016-10-12 青岛理工大学 Zn in-situ and heterotopic coupling detoxifying method for heavily-contaminated site
CN106001088A (en) * 2016-05-30 2016-10-12 青岛理工大学 Pb in-situ and heterotopic coupling detoxifying method for heavily-contaminated site based on biogas residues
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CN106001081A (en) * 2016-05-30 2016-10-12 青岛理工大学 Novel Sb in-situ detoxifying method for contaminated site based on biogas residues
CN106031927A (en) * 2016-05-30 2016-10-19 青岛理工大学 Novel contaminated site Zn in-situ detoxification method based on biogas residues
CN106040735A (en) * 2016-05-30 2016-10-26 青岛理工大学 Heavily-polluted site Cu in-situ and ex-situ coupling detoxifying method
CN106040736A (en) * 2016-05-30 2016-10-26 青岛理工大学 Biogas-residue-based in-situ and heterotopic coupling detoxication method for Sb of heavily-polluted site
CN106040736B (en) * 2016-05-30 2021-04-20 青岛理工大学 Heavy pollution site Sb in-situ and ex-situ coupling detoxification method based on biogas residues
CN106001088B (en) * 2016-05-30 2021-02-12 上海洁壤环保科技有限公司 Heavily-polluted site Pb in-situ and ex-situ coupling detoxification method based on biogas residues
CN105945065B (en) * 2016-05-30 2020-11-13 青岛理工大学 Heavily-polluted site Cu in-situ and ex-situ coupling detoxification method based on biogas residues
CN105964684B (en) * 2016-05-30 2021-04-27 青岛理工大学 Heavy pollution site Cd in-situ and ex-situ coupling detoxification method
CN106433668A (en) * 2016-08-30 2017-02-22 广州润土环境治理有限公司 Heavy metal pollution soil restoration agent and use method thereof
CN106269826A (en) * 2016-09-26 2017-01-04 山东省科学院海洋仪器仪表研究所 Automatization's Ecosystem restoration system of a kind of soil and method
CN111570503A (en) * 2020-05-18 2020-08-25 首建科技有限公司 Method for restoring soil polluted by organic synthetic pesticide

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Application publication date: 20120725