CN102561513A - Unit cabin type building system - Google Patents

Unit cabin type building system Download PDF

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Publication number
CN102561513A
CN102561513A CN2012100228381A CN201210022838A CN102561513A CN 102561513 A CN102561513 A CN 102561513A CN 2012100228381 A CN2012100228381 A CN 2012100228381A CN 201210022838 A CN201210022838 A CN 201210022838A CN 102561513 A CN102561513 A CN 102561513A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
unit
cabin
plate
building
steel frame
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Application number
CN2012100228381A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
姚雪雷
Original Assignee
赵冰洋
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Application filed by 赵冰洋 filed Critical 赵冰洋
Priority to CN2012100228381A priority Critical patent/CN102561513A/en
Publication of CN102561513A publication Critical patent/CN102561513A/en

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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02ATECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02A30/00Adapting or protecting infrastructure or their operation
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02BCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO BUILDINGS, e.g. HOUSING, HOUSE APPLIANCES OR RELATED END-USER APPLICATIONS
    • Y02B30/00Energy efficient heating, ventilation or air conditioning [HVAC]
    • Y02B30/90Passive houses; Double facade technology

Abstract

The invention relates to a unit cabin type building system. Six-side structural plates with rectangular deformed steel frames are fastened through bolts to form each unit cabin, and after setting of different functions, the unit cabin forms a standard unit cabin product. The unit cabins with different functions are combined and stacked and are connected with an independently prefabricated structural framework to form a flexible building structure. In addition, different types of exterior wallboards of the unit cabins can be changed and combined with building decorative components to form rich building spatial forms. Building standardization, industrial production and product form diversity of the unit cabin type building system are achieved, the basic questions of building assembly and standardization are solved, the composite structure of the unit cabin type building system inherits high strength of the steel structure, and the unit cabin type building system has thermal insulation and decorative performances, while building energy consumption of the building system can be reduced by 80-90% as compared with that of the conventional building.

Description

Cabin, a kind of unit formula building system
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of building system, be specially cabin, a kind of unit formula building system.
Background technology
Along with the progress of Building technology and the significantly increase of labor cost, building system is just progressively broken away from the traditional backward situ wet operation and the backward situation of a large amount of manpower handworks at present, presents assemblingization, the batch production Development Trend.Yet owing to receive the constraint of traditional architecture theory and technology, present assembling building system development is still thorough inadequately, and technology standardization and industrialization remain at bigger room for promotion.(1) is example with the PC precast concrete,, causes the special-shaped kind of member many because building system is still imitated the traditional architecture type; Single is less in batches, and versatility is not strong, and die cost is high; After connection between simultaneously a large amount of PC members must rely on on-the-spot reinforcing bar butt joint; Cast-in-situ concrete again, the situ wet workload is still bigger, causes whole efficiency to descend.(2) traditional reinforced concrete prefabricated big plate technique; Reinforced concrete prefabricated box formula integral house once appearred, the mode that on-site hoisting is installed, but because the technology of steel concrete material limitation itself; Whole box architectural scale is excessive; Weight is excessive, and overall lifting, transportation are all very difficult, are difficult for large tracts of land and promote.(3) from building prefabrication assemblingization technology trends direction; There is bright development prospect in the box formula house of full assembling, also is the system of tool odds for effectiveness, has occurred transforming as with waste and old Cell at present the box house of structural system; And economical hotel of being applied in of scale and apartment building field have been begun to be; Yet with the shipping is the Cell of purpose and production standard, receives the original size of Cell (2.5 meters of width less thaies), many restrictions of material (die mould steel sheet enclosed structure); Be difficult to satisfy the comfort level requirement that people live comprehensively; And Cell later stage transformation processing overall efficiency is not high, and cost is corresponding higher, and the source of waste and old Cell also is difficult to reach the requirement that extensive dwelling house is produced.
In the face of a large amount of urban population and ever-increasing human costs that expand, real-estate market is needed badly and can be built fast, and environmental protection and energy saving possess the assembled architecture product of certain quality.
Summary of the invention
In order to solve the problem that exists in the above-mentioned background technology; The object of the present invention is to provide a kind of high finished productization, high universalizable; High heat preservation performance; The assembled architecture system that adapts to many regions, reusable edible makes building batch production production, transported in parts, site assembly possess more high efficiency and economy.
For realizing above-mentioned purpose, the present invention adopts following technical scheme: cabin, a kind of unit formula building system is characterized in that: form this building system
The structural slab in cabin, unit has five types of top structure plates, earth construction plate, standard width of a room in an old-style house direction sidewall structure plate, depth direction medial and lateral wall construction plate; It is abnormally-structured that the steel frame of structural slab has mouthful word; After earlier washroom, kitchen, the lifting of internal partition wall Prefabricated block being docked with earth construction plate and pipeline and are fixed; Make wall construction plate upper and lower opening word deformed steel frame top, depth direction medial and lateral whole row bolt and the whole row of side bolt; In fastening preformed hole and the STH groove, carry out two-way being fastenedly connected on the insertion earth construction plate mouth word deformed steel frame, be connected fixing with the preset steel member of standard width of a room in an old-style house direction sidewall structure plate prefabricated washroom, kitchen, internal partition wall module simultaneously through nut; And then with fastening preformed hole and STH groove on the top structure plate mouth word deformed steel frame; With wall construction plate upper and lower opening word deformed steel frame top, depth direction medial and lateral whole row bolt and the whole row of side bolt, carry out two-way being fastenedly connected through nut, again with standard width of a room in an old-style house direction external wall structure plate; The hole, both sides is gone in the lifting horizontal sliding; Make the whole row of standard width of a room in an old-style house direction external wall structure plate upper and lower opening word deformed steel frame side bolt, insert in the frame wing plate STH groove of the special-shaped port of ground and top structure plate mouth word, through with nut but not being fastenedly connected of welding; Top structure plate, earth construction plate, standard width of a room in an old-style house direction external wall structure plate, depth direction medial and lateral wall construction plate form the cabin, unit of hexahedron structure; Cabin, unit with difference in functionality, yardstick lifts combination, piles up and connects through connecting plate each other again, and is connected with precast construction post and horizontal load-bearing precast beam, and cabin, interconnective unit and Structure Beam-column constitute the overall flexibility earthquake-resistant building structure.
Preferably, the structural slab in this cabin, building system unit of said composition is to be composited by glass reinforced concrete shell, mouthful word deformed steel frame framework, steel joist, lightgage steel joist, lightweight inner thermal insulating layer, preheating embedding line, interior plate.
Preferably, cabin, said a kind of unit formula building system, its structural slab of forming six of said cabin bodies is the composite construction that is prefabricated in the factory and produces; In moulding form, adopt lance ejection thickness greater than 25mm; Contain or the high-early-strength type cement mortar of premix glass fiber, its cement adopts quick hardening sulphoaluminate cement, low-alkalinity sulphoaluminate cement, Portland cement, white portland cement or their product mix, wherein contains or the glass fiber of premix must be the alkali-resistant glass fibre product; The zirconia content of glass fiber should be greater than 16.5%; The volume of glass fiber in cement mortar is in the scope of 1%-3.0%, and generally in the 10-25mm scope, the initial setting time of cement bonded sand stone concrete is through set-retarding admixture control for short glass fiber length; At concrete not before the initial set; With steel frame hoisting and locating permanent position on mould of the special-shaped frame of mouth word, and make on the steel frame spacing through the automatic welding device welding, stretch in the concrete of not initial set less than socket cap peg or the curved muscle of 100mm; Treat that the cement bonded sand stone concrete solidifies the back and reaches certain intensity; Steel frame contains or the high-early-strength type cement bonded sand stone concrete of premix glass fiber is combined into one with outer, again with steel frame upset back with the same manner, stretch in another mould not in the concrete of initial set through socket cap peg on the steel frame or curved muscle; A compound layer thickness containing or the cement concrete interior plate of premix glass fiber more than 15mm; Form two sides sealed hollow structure, on interior plate, leave cast and weep hole, use polyurethane foaming machine; Cast scheduled volume polyurathamc forms the insulation layer that density is controlled at 35~45 kilograms every cubic metre through foaming.
Preferably, wall construction plate both sides, depth direction medial and lateral, cabin, said unit inner prop has the lifting hole of particular design up and down, through telescopic screw type Current Collector Sleave; The cabin, unit is lifted, accurate element stack is carried out in cabin and cabin after, utilizing should lifting hole; Bolt by the particular design shape can stretch into hole, and passes through the bolt end label symbol, revolves to turn 90 degrees to fasten steel column internally; Reserve steel plate with holes through connecting steel plate with locking bolt, the prefabricated external wall of steel plate and cabin that is connected, can make between the body of cabin, unit, the cabin, unit is connected with beam with outside load-bearing pillar; The monolithic architecture structure that formation flexibly connects; Each cabin formula structure possesses the weight capacity of 8 layers of vertical pile of bearing owing to the supporting construction of inner steel frame, can pile up 4~8 layers on each transversary precast beam of structural framing; The cabin, unit is connected with the pre-fabricated one built-in fitting through the cabin, unit that connector will pile up, and constantly upwards is combined to form high residential building along structural framing.
Preferably, said middle insulation layer can be filled at 100~250 kilograms every cubic metre light foaming concrete by density, or is made up of foamed phenolic resin, polyphenyl foam, EPS or the foam glass filling of every cubic metre of 35~55 kilograms of density.
Preferably, the interior plate of six structural slabs in cabin, the said unit of said composition can be by waterproof gypsum board, or is made up of calcium silicate board with microporous or glass magnesium plate, and uses tapping screw to be fixed on the lightgage steel joist that welds between inner steel joist.
Preferably, cabin, said a kind of unit formula building system, the direct location and installation in Prefabricated block unit is adopted in its inner washroom and kitchen; Because the floor is built on stilts; Adopt the co-layer draining mode, kitchen guarding's water level is up and down put flexibly, can routine lay floor type heating system water pipe.
Preferably, cabin, said a kind of unit formula building system, its interior stairway, escalator adopt the Prefabricated block unit to be connected the back installing and locating with prefabricated load-bearing pillar beam built-in fitting.
Preferably, cabin, said a kind of unit formula building system, its roof and exterior wall can lay solar photovoltaic generation system, and architectural lighting electricity consumption and heat pump electricity consumption all can be provided by solar energy, and self consuming energy of dwelling house significantly reduced.
Preferably; Cabin, said unit has the basic module yardstick, the combination of the structural slab through different size, and forming elevational dimension is 3.0,3.3,3.6 meters; Standard width of a room in an old-style house yardstick is 3.0,3.3,3.6,4.2,4.5 meters, and the depth yardstick is 6,9,12,15 meters a conventional unit combination.
The present invention is owing to adopt above technical scheme, and it advantage that possesses is following:
1, through the general character functional character in traditional dwelling house, hotel, space, apartment is refined, form the basic standard type of product with general cabin, unit, again the combination through difference in functionality cabin body and with the combining of independent precast construction frame system; The conversion of the dissimilar side fascias in cabin, unit and component building decoration element can form abundant architectural space form, have both realized building standardization batch production production; Realized various variation of building products form again, avoided traditional assembled large panel building unit heavy, structural limitations is too much; The form stiff shortcoming that ossifys; Avoided the PC building system again, mounting structure is too scrappy, connects too numerous and diverse between member; Single specification member is difficult to the drawback of large-scale production in enormous quantities, has solved building assemblingization and standardized root problem.
2, the present invention is owing to form structural slab material compound of six of cabin bodies; Merged the high strength advantage of steel work; Possess insulation and decorate properties simultaneously, the collection dress forms the double wall body structure between the cabin, unit in addition, and building energy consumption can reduce by 80~90% than routine building.
3, the constructional materials of the present invention more than 90% is all recyclable, can recycle, and the cabin, unit after the installation is the fine fitment finished product state basically, and follow-up interior architectural applications installation is less.
4, the present invention compares traditional architecture technology, and the situ wet operation reduces more than 90%, and building operations efficient can promote 5~10 times, and all cabin, unit product component is plant produced, and product quality is not influenced by outside climatic environment, and is reliable and stable.
5, cabin, unit of the present invention and frame construction belong to flexible structure through the building integral structure that connector is interconnected to form, and better anti is arranged, and can resist 9 grades of earthquakes.
6, the structural slab in component units of the present invention cabin, glass reinforced concrete shell and interior plate are the inorganic non-combustible material that thickness surpasses 15mm, and fire-retardant preferably and fireproof performance are arranged, and meet country outer wall material standard and laws and regulations requirement at present.
Description of drawings
Fig. 1 is plane, cabin, unit of the present invention, facade, perspective diagram;
Fig. 2 is the sectional drawing of A-A among Fig. 1;
Fig. 3 is the sectional drawing of B-B among Fig. 1;
Fig. 4 is depth direction external wall structural slab and top structure plate connected node perspective diagram;
Fig. 5 is top structure and earth construction slab keel organigram;
Fig. 6 is a depth direction external wall structural slab differential profile perspective diagram;
Fig. 7 is the elevational schematic view of embodiment high residential building;
Fig. 8 is the floor map of embodiment high residential building and structural framing;
Fig. 9 is cabin, unit combination stacked and connected mode perspective diagram;
Figure 10 is the sketch map in screw-in hoist cable suspender lifting elements cabin
Reference numeral: 1-depth direction external wall structural slab; 2-depth direction inside wall structural slab; 3-standard width of a room in an old-style house direction external wall structure plate; The compound prefabricated windows of 4-wallboard; 5-earth construction plate; 6-top structure plate; 7-lifts hole; 8-washroom Prefabricated block; 9-kitchen Prefabricated block; The prefabricated internal partition wall module of 10-; 11-lightweight inner thermal insulating layer; 12-glass reinforced concrete shell; The 13-interior plate; 14-floor and keel; The 15-preheating embedding line; The 16-suspended ceiling decorative plate; The 17-waterproof gasket cement; The 18-billet; 19-standard width of a room in an old-style house direction external wall structure plate mouth word deformed steel frame top whole row bolt; 20-external wall structure plate top girder steel; The bonding decoration of exterior wall layer of 21-glass fibre cement sandstone; The Castellated beam of the special-shaped frame of mouth word of 22-top and earth construction plate; The 23-peg; 24-secondary joist C shaped steel; The special-shaped border steel wing plate of 25-top and earth construction plate mouth word; The whole row of 26-standard width of a room in an old-style house direction sidewall structure plate mouth word deformed steel frame side bolt; 27-top and earth construction plate outside fastening bolt; 28-top and the fastening preformed hole of earth construction plate; The STH groove of 29-top and earth construction plate mouth word deformed steel frame wing plate; 30-steel diagonal brace; Circular hole on the lightgage steel joist in the 31-; 32-external wall structure edges of boards side steel column; The 33-lightgage steel joist; Prepackage pipeline in the 34-external wall structure plate; Secondary joist steel column in the 35-external wall structure plate; 36-pre-installs combined socket and switch; 37-reserves door opening; The external wall in 38-cabin is reserved steel plate with holes; 39-prefabricated post basis; Module between the 40-precast stair; The horizontal load-bearing precast beam of 41-; 42-precast construction post; 43-building body decorative roof palte; 44-photovoltaic generation plate facility; 45-escalator module; The compacting foundation that 46-handled; 47-hoist cable rotating part; The 48-telescopic hoist boom; 49-screw-in suspender dop; The special connecting bolt of 50-; 51-junction plate fastening bolt; The dull and stereotyped connector in 52-four cabins; 53-L type junction plate; 54-top and the anti-girt strip of earth construction plate; The outer bay window of 55-suspension type; 56-avris ceiling board; 57-end unit wallboard; The horizontal linking beam in 58-hole with holes; 59-waterproof foam plug; The 60-Trunk Line
The specific embodiment
The specific embodiment of the invention below is described in conjunction with the drawings, and embodiment only is used for explanation and explains the present invention, but should not limit rights protection scope of the present invention with this.
Embodiment
Shown in Fig. 1-4; Cabin, a kind of unit formula building system; Each cabin, unit body mainly is made up of six faces of cabin, unit body the compound prefabricated windows of depth direction external wall structural slab 1, depth direction inside wall structural slab 2, standard width of a room in an old-style house direction external wall structure plate 3, wallboard 4, earth construction plate 5, top structure plate 6.The structural slab of forming six of said cabin bodies is the composite construction that is prefabricated in the factory and produces; By in moulding form, adopting lance ejection thickness greater than 25mm; Contain or the high-early-strength type cement mortar concrete of premix glass fiber, the concrete initial setting time of cement mortar is through set-retarding admixture control, at the cement mortar concrete not before the initial set; The steel frame that will have the special-shaped frame 22 of mouthful word; Hoisting and locating is the permanent position on moulding form, and makes the spacing of welding through automatic welding device on the steel frame be not more than socket cap peg 23 or the curved muscle of 100mm, stretches in the concrete of not initial set; Treat that the cement bonded sand stone concrete solidifies the back and reaches certain intensity; A steel frame that has a special-shaped frame 22 of mouthful word contains or the high-early-strength type cement bonded sand stone concrete 12 of premix glass fiber is combined into one with outer, adopts in same way as and the flat-plate molded mould of inner face thickness greater than 15mm the steel frame another side again, contains or the high-early-strength type cement mortar concrete 12 of premix glass fiber is combined into one; Perhaps interior plate 13 is fixed between the steel frame of the special-shaped frame of mouthful word on the lightgage steel joist 33 through screw; So just form two sides sealed hollow structure, on inner panel, leave cast and weep hole again, use polyurethane foaming machine; Cast scheduled volume polyurathamc forms the lightweight thermal insulation layer 11 that density is controlled at 35~45 kilograms every cubic metre through foaming.
Referring to shown in Figure 5; The glass reinforced concrete shell 12 of top structure plate 6 and earth construction plate 5 is through the mould plastotype; Form top and the anti-girt strip of earth construction plate; Make structural slab that load-bearing preferably and non-deformability arranged, the ground structural slab adopts aerial construction simultaneously, can lay preheating embedding line 15 through the co-layer draining mode flexibly.
Referring to shown in Figure 6; Steel joist all is welded with diagonal brace 30 to strengthen structure resistance to deformation intensity in depth direction external wall structural slab 1, depth direction inside wall structural slab 2, the standard width of a room in an old-style house direction external wall structure plate 3; Circular hole 31 has guaranteed the facility of time 35 cast polyurethane foams of imperial reinforcing bar steel column in the external wall structure plate on the interior lightgage steel joist of while structural slab; Lay the line 34 in the structural slab, pre-install combined socket and switch 36 on the interior plate, and reserve door opening 37 in the particular design position.
Mounting center at the scene; Through lifting; Upper and lower opening word deformed steel frame top whole row bolt 19 and the whole row of the side bolt 26 of depth direction medial and lateral wall construction plate 1,2 are inserted on the earth construction plate mouth word deformed steel frames in the fastening preformed hole 28 and STH groove 29; And carry out two-way being fastenedly connected through nut 27; After then washroom Prefabricated block 8,9 liftings of kitchen Prefabricated block being fixed with earth construction plate 5; Fastening preformed hole 28 and STH groove 29 carry out two-way being fastenedly connected with depth direction medial and lateral wall construction plate 1,2 upper and lower opening word deformed steel frame tops whole row bolt 19 and the whole row of side bolt 26 through nut 27 on the Castellated beam 22 with 6 mouthfuls of word deformed steels of top structure plate frame again, form tetrahedron.Then with standard width of a room in an old-style house direction external wall structure plate 3; Hole, tetrahedral both sides is gone in the suspension horizontal sliding; Make standard width of a room in an old-style house direction external wall structure plate 3; In upper and lower opening word deformed steel frame side whole row bolt 26 insertion tops and the earth construction plate mouth word deformed steel frame wing plate STH groove 29, be fastenedly connected with nut 27.Through being fastenedly connected of top structure plate 6, earth construction plate 5, standard width of a room in an old-style house direction external wall structure plate 3, depth direction external wall structural slab 1, depth direction inside wall structural slab 2, form the cabin, unit of hexahedron structure.
Referring to shown in Figure 7; Prefabricated post basis 39, precast construction post 42 and laterally load-bearing precast beam 41 constitute the structure big frames, the cabin, unit is piled up by lifting, and forms and pile up cabin, 4 layers of unit on each load-bearing precast beam 41; Stack successively is until the building structure that forms 12 layers.
Referring to shown in Figure 8, module 40 between precast stair, escalator 45 can be flexibly according to design and installation between the cabin, unit or the frame construction outside within the framework.
Need installation end unit wallboard 57 to ensure the whole decorative effect of facade on the building two ends precast construction post 42; The horizontal linking beam 58 in the hole with holes that the precast construction post is 42 is in load; Its hole has the function of trunk line 60 passages, can make surface line sensible smoothly to cabin, each layer unit.For effectively utilizing end unit daylighting, the outer bay window 55 of prefabricated suspension type can directly be connected with the cabin, unit of end unit and carry out structure through end unit wallboard 57 and strengthen.
Can be fixedly connected roof decorative roof palte 43 through built-in fitting at precast construction post 42 tops; Top board possesses building cornice decoration functions; But also rain cover invasion and attack; Simultaneously on the roof decorative roof palte 43 photovoltaic generation plate facility 44 can be installed,, reduce the building external energy consumption for architectural lighting and related facility provide clean energy resource.
Referring to shown in Figure 9; Utilize former lifting hole 7; Reserve steel plate 38 with holes through speciality connecting bolt 50, junction plate fastening bolt 51, the dull and stereotyped connector 52 in four cabins, the external wall of L type junction plate 53 and cabin again; Make between the cabin, unit, form the monolithic architecture structure that flexibly connects between cabin, unit and precast construction post 42 and the horizontal load-bearing precast beam 41, be assembled into high residential building.
Referring to shown in Figure 10; Depth direction external wall structure plate both sides, cabin, unit inner prop has the lifting hole 7 of special shape up and down; Through telescopic Current Collector Sleave, screw-in suspender dop 49 stretches into the lifting hole, revolves to fix the cabin, unit after turning 90 degrees; Lift, each cabin, unit is carried out precise combination, piled up.

Claims (10)

1. cabin, unit formula building system; It is characterized in that: the structural slab of forming this cabin, building system unit has five types of top structure plates, earth construction plate, standard width of a room in an old-style house direction sidewall structure plate, depth direction medial and lateral wall construction plate; It is abnormally-structured that the steel frame of structural slab has mouthful word; After earlier prefabricated washroom, kitchen, the lifting of internal partition wall module being docked with earth construction plate and pipeline and are fixed; Make wall construction plate upper and lower opening word deformed steel frame top, depth direction medial and lateral whole row bolt and the whole row of side bolt; In fastening preformed hole and the STH groove, carry out two-way being fastenedly connected on the insertion earth construction plate mouth word deformed steel frame, be connected fixing with the preset steel member of the standard width of a room in an old-style house direction sidewall structure plate washroom, kitchen, internal partition wall Prefabricated block simultaneously through nut; And then with fastening preformed hole and STH groove on the top structure plate mouth word deformed steel frame; With wall construction plate upper and lower opening word deformed steel frame top, depth direction medial and lateral whole row bolt and the whole row of side bolt, carry out two-way being fastenedly connected through nut, again with standard width of a room in an old-style house direction external wall structure plate; Hang horizontal sliding and going into the hole, both sides; Make the whole row of standard width of a room in an old-style house direction external wall structure plate upper and lower opening word deformed steel frame side bolt, insert in the frame wing plate STH groove of the special-shaped port of ground and top structure plate mouth word, through with nut but not being fastenedly connected of welding; Top structure plate, earth construction plate, standard width of a room in an old-style house direction external wall structure plate, depth direction medial and lateral wall construction plate form the cabin, unit of hexahedron structure; Cabin, unit with difference in functionality, yardstick lifts combination, piles up and connects through connecting plate each other again, and is connected with precast construction post and horizontal load-bearing precast beam, and cabin, interconnective unit and Structure Beam-column constitute the overall flexibility earthquake-resistant building structure.
2. according to cabin, the said unit of claim 1 formula building system, it is characterized in that: the structural slab in this cabin, building system unit of said composition is to be composited by glass reinforced concrete shell, mouthful word deformed steel frame, steel joist, lightgage steel joist, lightweight inner thermal insulating layer, preheating embedding line, interior plate.
3. according to cabin, the said a kind of unit of claim 1 formula building system; It is characterized in that: the structural slab in said component units cabin is the composite construction that is prefabricated in the factory and produces, and in moulding form, adopts lance ejection thickness greater than 25mm, contains or the high-early-strength type cement mortar of premix glass fiber; Its cement adopts quick hardening sulphoaluminate cement, low-alkalinity sulphoaluminate cement, Portland cement, white portland cement or their product mix; Wherein contain or the glass fiber of premix must be the alkali-resistant glass fibre product, the zirconia content of glass fiber should be greater than 16.5%, and the volume of glass fiber in cement mortar is in the scope of 1%-3.0%; Short glass fiber length is generally in the 10-25mm scope; The initial setting time of cement bonded sand stone concrete is through set-retarding admixture control, at concrete not before the initial set, with steel frame hoisting and locating permanent position on mould of the special-shaped frame of mouth word; And make on the steel frame spacing through the automatic welding device welding less than socket cap peg or the curved muscle of 100mm; Stretch in the concrete of not initial set, treat that the cement bonded sand stone concrete solidifies the back and reaches certain intensity, steel frame contains with skin or the high-early-strength type cement bonded sand stone concrete of premix glass fiber is combined into one; Again steel frame is overturn the back with the same manner; Stretch in another mould not in the concrete of initial set through socket cap peg on the steel frame or curved muscle, a compound layer thickness containing or the cement concrete interior plate of premix glass fiber more than 15mm, form two sides sealed hollow structure; On interior plate, leave cast and weep hole; Use polyurethane foaming machine, cast scheduled volume polyurathamc forms the insulation layer that density is controlled at 35~45 kilograms every cubic metre through foaming.
4. according to cabin, the said unit of claim 1 formula building system, it is characterized in that: wall construction plate both sides, depth direction medial and lateral, cabin, said unit inner prop has the lifting hole of particular design up and down, through telescopic screw type Current Collector Sleave; The cabin, unit is lifted, after carrying out accurate element stack between the cabin, unit, utilize to lift hole; Bolt by the particular design shape can stretch into hole; And through the bolt end label symbol, revolve to turn 90 degrees and fasten steel column internally, reserve steel plate with holes through connecting steel plate with the bolt that locks, the prefabricated external wall of steel plate and cabin that is connected; Can make between the body of cabin, unit; The cabin, unit is connected with beam with outside load-bearing pillar, forms the monolithic architecture structure that flexibly connects, and can pile up 4~8 layers on each transversary precast beam of structural framing; The cabin, unit is connected with the pre-fabricated one built-in fitting through the cabin, unit that connector will pile up, and constantly upwards piles up, is combined to form highrise building along structural framing.
5. according to cabin, the said unit of claim 4 formula building system; It is characterized in that: middle insulation layer can be filled at 100~250 kilograms every cubic metre light foaming concrete by density, or is made up of foamed phenolic resin, polyphenyl foam, EPS or the foam glass filling of every cubic metre of 35~55 kilograms of density.
6. according to cabin, the said unit of claim 3 formula building system; It is characterized in that: the interior plate of six structural slabs in cabin, the said unit of said composition can be by waterproof gypsum board; Or constitute, and use tapping screw to be fixed on the lightgage steel joist that welds between inner steel joist by calcium silicate board with microporous or glass magnesium plate.
7. according to cabin, the said unit of claim 1 formula building system; It is characterized in that: the direct location and installation in Prefabricated block unit is adopted in inner washroom and kitchen; Because the floor is built on stilts; Adopt the co-layer draining mode, kitchen guarding's water level is up and down put flexibly, can conventionally adopt floor type to lay the heating system water pipe.
8. according to cabin, the said unit of claim 1 formula building system, it is characterized in that: interior stairway, escalator adopt the Prefabricated block unit to be connected the back installing and locating with prefabricated load-bearing pillar beam built-in fitting.
9. according to cabin, the said unit of claim 1 formula building system, it is characterized in that: roof and exterior wall can lay solar photovoltaic generation system, and architectural lighting electricity consumption and heat pump electricity consumption all can be provided by solar energy, and self consuming energy of dwelling house significantly reduced.
10. according to cabin, the said unit of claim 1 formula building system; It is characterized in that: the cabin, unit has the basic module yardstick; The combination of the structural slab through different size; Forming elevational dimension is 3.0,3.3,3.6 meters, and standard width of a room in an old-style house yardstick is 3.0,3.3,3.6,4.2,4.5 meters, and the depth yardstick is 6,9,12,15 meters a conventional unit combination.
CN2012100228381A 2012-02-02 2012-02-02 Unit cabin type building system CN102561513A (en)

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CN102653992A (en) * 2011-03-02 2012-09-05 孙善骏 Containerized combined type steel structure building
CN102720268A (en) * 2012-07-12 2012-10-10 赵冰洋 Modularized steel structure unit construction
CN103993654A (en) * 2014-04-09 2014-08-20 北京工业大学 Modularized assembly type steel structure house building system
CN104452968A (en) * 2014-11-10 2015-03-25 陈光南 Movable assembly type house
CN104790582A (en) * 2015-05-06 2015-07-22 长沙远大住宅工业集团有限公司 Box-type structure roof
CN105839783A (en) * 2016-05-20 2016-08-10 重庆昊色堂建筑设计咨询有限公司 Magic cube units and magic cube type integrated house
CN105971125A (en) * 2016-05-20 2016-09-28 重庆昊色堂建筑设计咨询有限公司 Magic-cube type integrated house installation method
WO2017097018A1 (en) * 2015-12-08 2017-06-15 北京太空板业股份有限公司 Assembly-type integrated bathroom and construction method therefor
CN107100276A (en) * 2017-06-26 2017-08-29 朗世坤成房屋科技有限公司 Modular connecting elements and the casing modularized house built by the modular connecting elements
CN107620401A (en) * 2016-05-18 2018-01-23 蔡留凤 Using industrialization exterior wall module, lightgage steel joist house protection against the tide heat preserving exterior wall
CN110259173A (en) * 2019-06-26 2019-09-20 淮阴工学院 A kind of assembled elevator that steel construction is combined with Multifunction wall board

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US20080282631A1 (en) * 2007-05-17 2008-11-20 Anna Joke Breimer Building Unit, Method for Assembling a Building Unit, Method for Transporting a Building Unit
CN201241396Y (en) * 2008-06-26 2009-05-20 张程军 Multi-purpose assembled house
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Cited By (13)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102653992A (en) * 2011-03-02 2012-09-05 孙善骏 Containerized combined type steel structure building
CN102720268A (en) * 2012-07-12 2012-10-10 赵冰洋 Modularized steel structure unit construction
CN103993654A (en) * 2014-04-09 2014-08-20 北京工业大学 Modularized assembly type steel structure house building system
CN104452968A (en) * 2014-11-10 2015-03-25 陈光南 Movable assembly type house
CN104790582A (en) * 2015-05-06 2015-07-22 长沙远大住宅工业集团有限公司 Box-type structure roof
WO2017097018A1 (en) * 2015-12-08 2017-06-15 北京太空板业股份有限公司 Assembly-type integrated bathroom and construction method therefor
CN107620401A (en) * 2016-05-18 2018-01-23 蔡留凤 Using industrialization exterior wall module, lightgage steel joist house protection against the tide heat preserving exterior wall
CN107620401B (en) * 2016-05-18 2019-06-25 湖北龙星钢构有限公司 Using industrialization exterior wall module, the moisture-proof heat preserving exterior wall in lightgage steel joist house
CN105971125A (en) * 2016-05-20 2016-09-28 重庆昊色堂建筑设计咨询有限公司 Magic-cube type integrated house installation method
CN105839783A (en) * 2016-05-20 2016-08-10 重庆昊色堂建筑设计咨询有限公司 Magic cube units and magic cube type integrated house
CN105971125B (en) * 2016-05-20 2018-07-06 重庆昊色堂建筑设计咨询有限公司 A kind of magic cube type integrated house installation method
CN107100276A (en) * 2017-06-26 2017-08-29 朗世坤成房屋科技有限公司 Modular connecting elements and the casing modularized house built by the modular connecting elements
CN110259173A (en) * 2019-06-26 2019-09-20 淮阴工学院 A kind of assembled elevator that steel construction is combined with Multifunction wall board

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