CN101798846B - Modularization assembled house - Google Patents

Modularization assembled house Download PDF

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Publication number
CN101798846B
CN101798846B CN2010101098174A CN201010109817A CN101798846B CN 101798846 B CN101798846 B CN 101798846B CN 2010101098174 A CN2010101098174 A CN 2010101098174A CN 201010109817 A CN201010109817 A CN 201010109817A CN 101798846 B CN101798846 B CN 101798846B
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China
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house
adiabatic
floor
top board
puigging
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Expired - Fee Related
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CN2010101098174A
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CN101798846A (en
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杜海平
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Individual
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Individual
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Abstract

The invention discloses modularization assembled house, which comprises the following templates: floors, roofs, wallboards and corner columns, wherein the roofs, the floors and the corner columns are connected by bolts to form the structure of a house; and upper and lower grooves of the roofs and the floors are insertion connection with the wallboards to form walls of the house. In the modularization assembled house, the elements of the house are simplified into standard element templates which can be produced in specialized factories completely and then transported to a spot to be assembled quickly, so the modularization assembled house has the characteristics of environmental protection, energy conservation, convenient assembly and disassembly and high cycling rate.

Description

Modularization assembled house
Technical field
The present invention relates to assembled house, relate in particular to a kind of modularization assembled house that is easy to suitability for industrialized production and assembly unit.
Background technology
Existing assembling (prefabricated) house roughly is divided into five kinds of forms such as wooden beam plated construction, lightweight steel construction, plank frame, case structure and composite material combination construction.The assembled housing of preceding two kinds of forms, structure division batch production production degree is higher, and member is more, can satisfy the needs of building low story dwelling and villa.But building foundation part and fitting-up partly be unable to do without wet trade, the assemble method complexity, and the duration is still longer, and cost is higher relatively.
The plank frame house component is few, standardization level is high and most of member batch production is produced.Domestic plank frame house mostly is movable plank house, and is too simple and easy, and safety, fire prevention, insulation, heat-proof quality are all not good, and first floor floor must be excavated ground and be carried out wet trade, can only be used for temporary use, as builder's temporary shed, and Site Office etc.
The case structure house generally on the basis of container body, is continued to use traditional building finishing technological transformation and is formed lodgeable house.This mobile house good integrity, but the more container characteristic that kept of outward appearance, the influence of spatial design subject container modulus is bigger.The FCL cost of transportation is high and be difficult to promote at a distance on a large scale.
The composite material mixed structure housing is various informative, have lightweight, energy-conservation, be convenient to characteristics such as batch production manufacturing and assembling, but mostly be personalized product.
Therefore, how to develop a kind of batch production manufacturing, transportation in bulk, the modularization assembling, lightweight, energy-saving and environmental protection, fire prevention, safety, and the assembled house of relative low price is a problem that needs to be resolved hurrily in the industry.
Summary of the invention
The objective of the invention is to solve above-mentioned problems of the prior art, design a kind of modularization assembled house.This modularization assembled house adopts standardized module, concentrates on factory and produces in batches, is transported to then on the spot and installs, and uses flexible, easy installation and removal, and insulation preferably, sound insulation and fireproof performance are arranged simultaneously, structural safety, reliable.
The technical solution used in the present invention is a kind of modularization assembled house of design, and this house comprises following standard module:
The floor, adopt closed-in construction, comprise adiabatic puigging, be arranged on longitudinal and transverse reinforcement keel in the middle of the adiabatic puigging, be arranged on the panel of adiabatic puigging upper and lower surface and be embedded in the C type bending structural beams of floor periphery, the upper surface on this floor is along the inboard groove that forms of C type bending structural beams, ponding is set leads the through hole of letting out usefulness at interval in the groove, and floor four jiaos of C types bending structural beams upper limb is provided with the erection bolt hole;
Top board, adopt closed-in construction, the C type bending structural beams that comprises adiabatic puigging, is arranged on the panel of adiabatic puigging upper and lower surface and is embedded in roof perimeter, the soffit of this top board is along the inboard groove that forms of C type bending structural beams, and four jiaos of C types of top board bending structural beams lower edge is provided with the erection bolt hole;
Wallboard comprises adiabatic puigging and the panel that is arranged on adiabatic puigging both side surface, according to different requirement of strength, also can or place all around and strengthen keel in the wallboard centre;
Corner post comprises the cylinder of right angle section and the cylinder bolt installing plate at two ends up and down, can be divided into built in type corner post and outer-installed type corner post according to the different corner posts of purposes.
Be connected to form the structure in house between described top board, floor and the corner post by bolt, downward groove is pegged graft and is fixed on described wallboard upper end and the top board, and the groove that makes progress on wallboard lower end and the floor is pegged graft fixing, the body of wall in formation house.
Compared with prior art, the present invention has the following advantages:
1, each member in house is modularizing member, can concentrate on specialized plant produced.Site requirements is low, and assembling is simple, and convenient disassembly can repeatedly mobile dismounting, recycles the rate height.
2, the modularization manufacturing of lightweight, thermal insulation, sound insulation value and member is finished synchronously, guaranteed fireproof performance by the unitary construction method, no cold bridge, the energy-conserving and environment-protective performance is very outstanding.
3, be applicable to purposes such as office that holiday village, motel, tourist court, frontier sentry, open-air engineering, disaster relief etc. are fixing, semifixed or lodging.
Description of drawings
Below in conjunction with drawings and Examples the present invention is described in further detail, wherein:
Fig. 1 is a schematic perspective view of the present invention;
Fig. 2 is the longitudinal profile schematic diagram in house of the present invention;
Fig. 3 is a body of wall horizontal profile schematic diagram of the present invention;
Fig. 4 is the grafting groove schematic diagram on floor of the present invention;
Fig. 5 is the grafting groove schematic diagram of top board of the present invention;
Fig. 6 A is an outer-installed type corner post schematic cross-section of the present invention
Fig. 6 B is a built in type corner post schematic cross-section of the present invention
Fig. 7 is a scheme of installation of strengthening keel in the adiabatic isolation layer in length and breadth.
The specific embodiment
As shown in Figure 1, the modularization assembled house of the present invention's design comprises following basic module: floor 1, wallboard 2, top board 4 and the corner post between top board and floor 3.Above the top board 4 members such as various roof trusses, roofing can also be installed.Below the floor 1 the structure carriage can be set, make house earth surface have the stable structure performance.Can perforate inlay door and window on the wallboard 2, also can directly constitute a wall in house, at this moment, use tap bolt to be connected with wallboard or corner post around this door and window, and seal with fluid sealant with door and window.
As Fig. 2 and shown in Figure 4, closed-in construction is adopted on floor 1, comprising: adiabatic puigging 11, be arranged on longitudinal and transverse reinforcement keel 5 (as shown in Figure 7) in the middle of the adiabatic puigging, be arranged on the panel 10 and 12 and the C type bending structural beams 16 that is embedded in the floor periphery of adiabatic puigging upper and lower surface.The upper surface 10 on this floor 1 is along the C type bending structural beams 16 inboard grooves upwards that form, and ponding is set leads the through hole 15 of letting out usefulness at interval in the groove, and floor four jiaos of C types bending structural beams upper limb is provided with the erection bolt hole.
As Fig. 2 and shown in Figure 5, top board 4 adopts closed-in construction, comprise: adiabatic puigging 41, be arranged on the panel 40 and 42 and the C type bending structural beams 46 that is embedded in roof perimeter of adiabatic puigging upper and lower surface, the soffit 42 of this top board 4 is along the downward groove of C type bending structural beams 46 inboard formation, and four jiaos of C types of top board bending structural beams, 46 lower edges are provided with the erection bolt hole.When the assembly unit multistoried building, the top board in lower floor house constitutes the floor in house, upper strata, at this moment, in the middle of the adiabatic puigging of top board 4 longitudinal and transverse reinforcement keel 5 can be set also.
As shown in Figure 2, wallboard 2 comprises: adiabatic puigging 21 and the panel 22 that is arranged on adiabatic puigging both side surface.According to different requirement of strength, also can or place all around and strengthen keel 5 in the wallboard centre.But the wallboard integral foam forms the large format integral wall, and also can separately foam forms the small breadth wallboard, is assembled into complete body of wall then.
As shown in Figure 3, corner post comprises: the cylinder 31 of right angle section and from the cylinder bolt installing plate 32 of two ends bending up and down.Can be divided into built in type corner post (Fig. 6 A) and outer-installed type corner post (Fig. 6 B) according to the different corner posts of purposes.
Adiabatic puigging 11,21 and 41 in floor, top board, the wallboard is a lightweight foam material, comprises foaming bodies such as EPS, XPS, PU, phenolic aldehyde.Frame floor, top board, wallboard can utilize the self-adhesive performance of packing material, or the performance that foams certainly fill to form the plate body with respective strengths, also can utilize cementing agent foam plate body that plate and panel, keel, the formation of bending structural beams bonding has respective strengths.
Described adiabatic puigging expanded material surface covers fully by the sheet material (panel) that does not fire or difficulty is fired, peg graft by groove and the wallboard reserved on top board, the floor, guarantee that expanded material and indoor and outdoor burning things which may cause a fire disaster are isolated fully, thereby form the fireproof performance of integral house.The panel 10,12,40,42 and 22 of floor, top board, wallboard both sides can use cement fibrolite plate (CCA), magnesite plate, gypsum plank, color steel, galvanized steel plain sheet etc., and the assembly unit seam place of floor, top board and wallboard can be provided with sealing joint strip and seal.
Top board, floor and wallboard can be determined the thickness and the density of adiabatic puigging foaming body according to the building requirement of strength design, determine to strengthen the having or not of keel, cross dimensions size and spacing.
The plate face of top board, floor, wallboard can use materials such as waterproof, decoration to carry out after-treatment according to the architectural design requirement.
Can adopt C type, I shape steel to make to strengthening keel 5 in length and breadth in the adiabatic puigging.For making things convenient for the moulding by casting of foaming body, vertically on keel 51 or the lateral keel 52 rectangle or round hole 53 can be set, as shown in Figure 7.
In one embodiment of the invention, groove that makes progress on the floor 1 and wallboard 2 lower ends are pegged graft fixing, the upper end of downward groove and wallboard is pegged graft fixingly on the top board 4, and the bolton on four jiaos on the installing plate by outer-installed type corner post two ends about in the of 3 and top board, floor forms the house.Concrete steps are as follows during installation:
The first step is laid the frame floor on the simple and easy at the scene pedestal, and (or bolt) fixed in leveling;
In second step, corner post is installed and is utilized bolt for four jiaos on the frame floor;
The 3rd step, the wallboard of the inboard insertion of groove and corner post all around on the floor;
The 4th step, four corner post upper ends the ceiling that the frame top board constitutes the house is installed, simultaneously the wallboard upper end is inserted the groove of frame roof perimeter, with bolt that the corner post upper end is fixed-type with the frame top board.
Each element precast that the present invention will constitute the house becomes a plurality of basic modules, and these modules can be installed flexibly according to instructions for use, and composite assembly becomes single cabin, disjunctor house, multistoried building, and is very convenient.And each coupling part is detachable, and whole house module can be repeatedly, reuse.In addition, can also for additional member such as mobile house installation step, balcony, sunshade and indoor equipmenies, make this house function abundanter according to the function needs.

Claims (9)

1. modularization assembled house is characterized in that this house comprises following modules:
The floor, adopt closed-in construction, comprise adiabatic puigging, be arranged on longitudinal and transverse reinforcement keel in the middle of the adiabatic puigging, be arranged on the panel of adiabatic puigging upper and lower surface and be embedded in the C type bending structural beams of floor periphery, the upper surface on this floor is along the inboard groove that forms of C type bending structural beams, ponding is set leads the through hole of letting out usefulness at interval in the groove, and floor four jiaos of C types bending structural beams upper limb is provided with the erection bolt hole;
Top board, adopt closed-in construction, the C type bending structural beams that comprises adiabatic puigging, is arranged on the panel of adiabatic puigging upper and lower surface and is embedded in roof perimeter, the soffit of this top board is along the inboard groove that forms of C type bending structural beams, and four jiaos of C types of top board bending structural beams lower edge is provided with the erection bolt hole;
Wallboard comprises adiabatic puigging and the panel that is arranged on adiabatic puigging both side surface;
Corner post comprises the cylinder of right angle section and the cylinder bolt installing plate at two ends up and down;
Be connected to form the structure in house between described top board, floor and the corner post by bolt, downward groove is pegged graft and is fixed on described wallboard upper end and the top board, and the groove that makes progress on wallboard lower end and the floor is pegged graft fixing, the body of wall in formation house.
2. modularization assembled house as claimed in claim 1 is characterized in that: described corner post adopts built in type structure or outer-installed type structure.
3. modularization assembled house as claimed in claim 1 is characterized in that: be provided with in length and breadth to strengthening keel in the adiabatic isolation layer of described top board.
4. modularization assembled house as claimed in claim 1 is characterized in that: in the middle of the described wallboard or be provided with the reinforcement keel all around.
5. modularization assembled house as claimed in claim 1 is characterized in that: the adiabatic puigging in described floor, top board and the wallboard is a lightweight foam material, comprises EPS, XPS, PU or pnenolic aldehyde foam material.
6. modularization assembled house as claimed in claim 1 is characterized in that: the panel of described floor, top board and wallboard both sides is not for firing or difficult combustion sheet material.
7. modularization assembled house as claimed in claim 6 is characterized in that: described do not fire or difficult combustion sheet material adopts any of cement fibrolite plate (CCA plate), magnesite plate, gypsum plank, color steel, galvanized steel plain sheet.
8. as claim 1 or 3 described modularization assembled houses, it is characterized in that: making to strengthening keel employing C type or I shape steel in length and breadth in the adiabatic puigging, it is provided with rectangle or round hole.
9. modularization assembled house as claimed in claim 1 is characterized in that: the junction of described floor, top board and body of wall is provided with sealing joint strip.
CN2010101098174A 2010-02-05 2010-02-05 Modularization assembled house Expired - Fee Related CN101798846B (en)

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CN101798846B true CN101798846B (en) 2011-12-28

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Families Citing this family (10)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102108793A (en) * 2011-02-11 2011-06-29 李欣 Detachable mobile theatre
CN102691352B (en) * 2012-06-05 2015-01-21 重庆骐驰科技有限公司 Modular integrated house
CN105064506A (en) * 2015-08-04 2015-11-18 卢乐平 Assembled movable house
CN105317110A (en) * 2015-11-06 2016-02-10 中建钢构有限公司 Integrated assembly type steel structure building
CN106150134B (en) * 2016-07-07 2018-06-05 长沙理工大学 Area and shape adjustable beamless light container house
CN107571385A (en) * 2017-09-20 2018-01-12 贵州大学 A kind of assembly type drying device
CN108301642A (en) * 2018-02-07 2018-07-20 华北水利水电大学 A kind of prefabricated buildings building structure and its construction method
CN108590025B (en) * 2018-04-28 2023-11-07 国际竹藤中心 Bamboo green assembled house and construction method thereof
CN111719701A (en) * 2020-06-14 2020-09-29 胡令江 Wall detachable assembled building
CN113319540A (en) * 2021-07-02 2021-08-31 湖北吉国装饰工程有限公司 Zinc steel pipe product container manufacturing process

Citations (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN201850647U (en) * 2010-02-05 2011-06-01 杜海平 Modular assembly house

Patent Citations (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN201850647U (en) * 2010-02-05 2011-06-01 杜海平 Modular assembly house

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