CN102560829A - Spinning fabric made of high-contraction PVA (Polyvinyl Alcohol) filament and manufacturing method thereof - Google Patents

Spinning fabric made of high-contraction PVA (Polyvinyl Alcohol) filament and manufacturing method thereof Download PDF

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Publication number
CN102560829A
CN102560829A CN2012100625827A CN201210062582A CN102560829A CN 102560829 A CN102560829 A CN 102560829A CN 2012100625827 A CN2012100625827 A CN 2012100625827A CN 201210062582 A CN201210062582 A CN 201210062582A CN 102560829 A CN102560829 A CN 102560829A
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China
Prior art keywords
wool
pva
fabric
fibers
filament
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Pending
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CN2012100625827A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
俞金林
姜红飞
李红娟
徐导
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JIANGSU DANMAO TEXTILE CO Ltd
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JIANGSU DANMAO TEXTILE CO Ltd
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Priority to CN2012100625827A priority Critical patent/CN102560829A/en
Publication of CN102560829A publication Critical patent/CN102560829A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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Abstract

The invention relates to a spinning fabric made of a high-contraction PVA (Polyvinyl Alcohol) filament and a manufacturing method thereof. The fabric comprises the following components by weight percent: 20-30% of high-contraction PVA filament and 80-70% of wool or wool and other fibers, wherein the other fibers are natural fibers, chemical fibers or plant fibers. The high-contraction PVA filament and the wool or wool and other fibers are used for blending. According to the manufacturing method, the PVA filament and the wool are spun and weaved in a doubling and twisting or core wrapping form, and a dyeing and finishing technology is adopted, thereby finally obtaining the spinning fabric. The high-contraction PVA filament is the Solvron Yarn developed by Japanese ITIVY Company and has the advantages of higher strength and abrasive resistance, better fabric elasticity, warp-wise elasticity being less than or equal to 8%, weft-wise elasticity being less than or equal to 12%; and PVA filament content in the fabric is low.

Description

A kind of worsted fabric and manufacturing approach thereof that adopts the high PVA of contraction long filament to process
Technical field
The present invention relates to the technical field of weaving face fabric, relate in particular to a kind of worsted fabric and manufacturing approach thereof that adopts the high PVA of contraction long filament to process.
Background technology
Along with the continuous development of science and technology and improving constantly of people's living standard, textile product high-grade, frivolous, comfortable, fashion more and more receives consumers in general's favor.As the better-than-average worsted fabric of textile product, be widely used as the clothing lining of high-grade Western-style clothes, leisure wear, jacket and uniform etc., the comfortableness of consumer's lining and shape-retaining ability demand are increasingly high, and this just requires lining to have better elastic.
Summary of the invention
The technical problem that the present invention will solve provides worsted fabric and the manufacturing approach thereof that a kind of shrinkage is strong, powerful higher, ABRASION RESISTANCE is better, be beneficial to production.
In order to solve the problems of the technologies described above; Worsted fabric provided by the invention comprises: by weight percentage, and the high PVA long filament 20-30% that shrinks; Wool or wool add other fibers 80-70%, and other fiber is meant one or more in natural fabric, chemical fibre and the string; Wherein, said natural fabric is meant cashmere and/or spun silk; Chemical fibre is meant one or more in terylene, polyamide fibre, day silk, viscose glue and the Lycra; String is meant ramie and/or flax.
The preparation method of above-mentioned worsted fabric comprises: the mode that PVA long filament and wool or wool is added other fibers and twisted thigh or Bao Xin is spinned, is weaved, and finally forms contact coldness elasticity worsted fabric through dyeing and finishing technology.
Said dyeing and finishing technology comprises: grey cloth decatizing-HEAT SETTING-first open washing couplet boils-moves back dimension-braying-second open washing couplet and boils-dry by the fire-decatizing-preshrunk.
Technique scheme of the present invention is compared prior art and had the following advantages: it is the Solvron Yarn that Japanese NITIVY company produces that the height that (1) the present invention adopts shrinks the PVA long filament; This Solvron Yarn has high-tenacity, and ABRASION RESISTANCE is good, is beneficial to production.The PVA long filament has highly shrinkable, and then makes lining have higher elasticity, warp-wise elasticity≤8%, and broadwise elasticity≤12% reaches this elasticity, and the high PVA long filament content that shrinks will be lower than other elastomers in the lining; The PVA long filament of lower content can reach the elastic effect identical with other elastomers.(2) the present invention adopts the worsted fabric that the high PVA of contraction long filament is processed, and shrinkage is stronger, and PVA long filament content will be beneficial to and produce and effectively reduce cost far below other elastomers in the lining.
The specific embodiment
Embodiment 1:
The manufacturing approach that the above-mentioned employing of present embodiment is high shrinks the worsted fabric that the PVA long filament processes comprises: 1) material choice, 2) bar dyes 3) recombing, 4) spinning, 5) weave 6) the back arrangement.
1) material choice: by weight percentage, get the PVA long filament of 5-25% and wool or the wool of 95-75% and add other fibers, wherein: wool adds in other fibers, and wool accounts for 20-80%, and other fibers account for 80-20%;
2) recombing
(1) wool carries out silver mixing earlier, adds and crude oil and water, and silver mixing is after fully deposit more than 24 hours, treat that water and crude oil evenly spread, permeate after, again with other fiber mixing silver mixings;
(2) recombing shopwork humidity is controlled at 65-75%, and adopts negative ion humidification device, controlled humidity;
(3) add and crude oil employing anion fuel loading system, add, fully atomize with crude oil, water;
3) spinning
(1) PVA long filament and wool or wool add other fibers and twisted thigh: with the back and PVA long filament after the recombing and close twisting, with the yarn after the twisting and wool or wool add other fiber single thread again also with twist into spinning yarn;
(2) PVA long filament and wool or wool add other fibre bag cores: recombing wool or wool are added on fine spining machine, be spun into cladded yarn with the PVA long filament after other fibers are spun into rove;
(3) spinning does not add and crude oil and water;
(4) rove is deposited: the silver mixing rove is put into the rove storehouse, and the rove storehouse is humidification not, deposits naturally 7-9 days, fully eliminates the static and the internal stress of rove;
(5) yarn steaming: during the dress cheese, the yarn bobbin concentric reducer is fallen to insert, every layer of yarn covers with demittons, under the condition of 70 ℃ of temperature, time 80-120, uses the yarn steaming machine yarn steaming;
4) weave
(1) not starching of warping
(2) weave under the grey cloth behind the machine not doff cloth rewinder roll, and directly carry out the back arrangement to dyeing and finishing.
5) dyeing and finishing
(1) weaves the direct decatizing of grey cloth, adopt open type decatizing or jar steaming;
(2) HEAT SETTING: the grey cloth for containing chemical fibres such as terylene, carry out HEAT SETTING after grey cloth decatizing;
(3) open washing joins and to boil (one): after the above-mentioned two procedures, adopt open washing to join and boil, add chemical style-setting agent 342,95-100 ℃, speed 15-25m/min.
(4) move back dimension: the grey cloth that joins after boiling () through open washing moves back dimension, temperature 80-85 ℃ in rope dyeing machine;
(5) open washing joins and to boil (two): add chemical style-setting agent 342,95-100 ℃, speed 15-25m/min, open washing joins and boils again;
(6) baking: big overfeeding 10-15%;
(7) decatizing: adopt little decatizing cloth tension force, little decatizing pressure carries out decatizing;
(8) preshrunk: carry out slight preshrunk after the decatizing, vapour amount 50-100%, speed 10-20m/min.
The height that the present invention produced shrinks worsted fabric, has better elastic.PVA long filament good spinnability is easy to drawing-off, and bar makes a good job of, the yarn defect is few, and weaving efficiency is high, through the back arrangement, better embodies the high PVA of contraction worsted fabric better elastic.
Embodiment 2:
The height that present embodiment is produced shrinks worsted fabric, and the lining composition is wool fibre, terylene and PVA long filament, adopts bag core mode to spin, and is organized as valetin.Its preparation method is following:
1. material choice: 21 μ m wools 47%, 2.5D terylene 47%, 28D PVA long filament 6%;
2. recombing:
(1) wool carries out silver mixing earlier, adds and crude oil and water, and silver mixing is after fully deposit more than 24 hours, treat that water and crude oil evenly spread, permeate after, again with terylene mixing silver mixing;
(2) recombing shopwork humidity is controlled at 65-75%, and adopts negative ion humidification device, controlled humidity;
(3) add and crude oil employing anion fuel loading system, add, fully atomize with crude oil, water;
4) spinning
(1) the recombing wool is added on fine spining machine, is spun into cladded yarn after terylene is spun into rove with the PVA long filament;
(2) spinning does not add and crude oil and water;
(3) rove is deposited: the silver mixing rove is put into the rove storehouse, and the rove storehouse is humidification not, deposits naturally 7-9 days, fully eliminates the static and the internal stress of rove;
(4) yarn steaming: during the dress cheese, the yarn bobbin concentric reducer is fallen to insert, every layer of yarn covers with demittons, under the condition of 70 ℃ of temperature, time 80-120, uses the yarn steaming machine yarn steaming;
4. weave:
(1) not starching of warping;
(2) weave under the grey cloth behind the machine not doff cloth rewinder roll, and directly carry out the back arrangement to dyeing and finishing;
(3) the general known weaving technology of other process using;
5. dyeing and finishing: grey cloth decatizing-HEAT SETTING-open washing joins boils (one)-move back dimension-braying-open washing couplet to boil (two)-baking-middle inspection-ripe repairing-cropping-softness-decatizing-preshrunk
(1) grey cloth decatizing: open type decatizing, interior vapour 8 minutes, outer vapour 3 minutes was taken out cold 10 minutes;
(2) HEAT SETTING: 170 ℃, 45 seconds;
(3) the open washing couplet boils (one): add 342,95 ℃ of chemical style-setting agents, speed 20m/min;
(4) move back dimension: in rope dyeing machine, move back dimension, 85 ℃ of temperature;
(5) open washing joins and to boil (two): add chemical style-setting agent 342,95-100 ℃, speed 15-25m/min, open washing joins and boils again;
(6) baking: overfeeding 10%;
(7) decatizing: adopt little decatizing cloth tension force, little decatizing pressure carries out decatizing;
(8) preshrunk: slight preshrunk, vapour amount 50%, speed 10m/min;
(9) other technologies can adopt general dyeing and finishing technology.
Embodiment 3:
The height that present embodiment is produced shrinks worsted fabric, and the lining composition is wool and PVA long filament, adopts bag core mode to spin, and is organized as valetin.Its preparation method is following:
1. material choice: 21 μ m wools 95%, 28D PVA long filament 5%;
2. recombing: technology is with embodiment 2;
3. spinning: technology is with embodiment 2;
4. weave:
Cladded yarn and the common wool yarn that (1) will contain the PVA long filament are spaced to be weaved;
(2) other technologies are with embodiment 2;
5. dyeing and finishing: no heat setting process, other technologies are with embodiment 2.
Embodiment 4:
The height that present embodiment is produced shrinks worsted fabric, and the lining composition is wool fibre and PVA long filament, adopts also and the twisting mode is spinned, and is organized as valetin.Its preparation method is following:
1. material choice: 19.5 μ m wools 94%, the PVA long filament 6% of 28D.
2. recombing:
(1) wool carries out silver mixing earlier, adds and crude oil and water, and silver mixing is after fully deposit more than 24 hours, treat that water and crude oil evenly spread, permeate after, again with other wool top mixing silver mixings;
(2) other technologies are with embodiment 2;
3 spinning:
(1) is spun into behind the single thread wool top after the recombing with the PVA long filament and closes twisting, the yarn after the twisting is twisted into spinning yarn again with the wool single thread;
(2) other technologies are with embodiment 2;
4. weave: with embodiment 2;
5. dyeing and finishing: no heat setting process, other technologies are with embodiment 2.
The present invention can also have other embodiment, step and equipment; Raw material comprises all textile raw materials; Kind comprises various through the carding textile product, and various functional treatment lining, simultaneously can all or part of adding on warp-wise and the broadwise contains the yarn of PVA long filament.And the present invention looks the difference of kind and specification, and the adjustment production technology is in this not statement one by one.

Claims (3)

1. worsted fabric is characterized in that comprising: by weight percentage, the high PVA long filament 20-30% that shrinks, wool or wool add other fibers 80-70%, and other fiber is meant one or more in natural fabric, chemical fibre and the string; Wherein, said natural fabric is meant cashmere and/or spun silk; Chemical fibre is meant one or more in terylene, polyamide fibre, day silk, viscose glue and the Lycra; String is meant ramie and/or flax.
2. the preparation method of the described worsted fabric of claim 1; It is characterized in that comprising: the mode that PVA long filament and wool or wool is added other fibers and twisted thigh or Bao Xin is spinned, is weaved, and finally forms contact coldness elasticity worsted fabric through dyeing and finishing technology.
3. the preparation method of the described worsted fabric of claim 2, it is characterized in that: said dyeing and finishing technology comprises: grey cloth decatizing-HEAT SETTING-first open washing joins and boils-move back dimension-braying-second open washing couplet and boil-dry by the fire-decatizing-preshrunk.
CN2012100625827A 2012-03-12 2012-03-12 Spinning fabric made of high-contraction PVA (Polyvinyl Alcohol) filament and manufacturing method thereof Pending CN102560829A (en)

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Cited By (9)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103541101A (en) * 2013-10-18 2014-01-29 江苏倪家巷集团精毛纺织有限公司 Ultrahigh-count wool/cashmere single-warp single-weft and production method thereof
CN103653461A (en) * 2013-12-16 2014-03-26 江苏鹿港科技股份有限公司 Manufacturing method of western-style clothes fabric
CN103757789A (en) * 2013-11-25 2014-04-30 常熟市梅李镇赵市盛欣纺织制品厂 Preparation method for ultra-high-count and ultra-thin all-wool fabric
CN104060376A (en) * 2013-03-19 2014-09-24 恒源祥(集团)有限公司 Staple wool blended knitting fabric with low content of wool fiber
CN104313745A (en) * 2014-09-21 2015-01-28 江苏丹毛纺织股份有限公司 Manufacturing method of Kuremona fiber blended elastic yarn
CN105908541A (en) * 2016-06-24 2016-08-31 浙江中鼎纺织有限公司 Manufacturing method for elastic knitted yarns
CN106400257A (en) * 2016-08-30 2017-02-15 江阴市越华毛纺织有限公司 Wool composite fabric with high pollution resistance
CN107599549A (en) * 2017-08-24 2018-01-19 江苏格玛斯特种织物有限公司 A kind of wear-resisting Western-style trousers fabric of water proof type and its processing technology
CN108660735A (en) * 2018-05-29 2018-10-16 绍兴盛兴进出口有限公司 The manufacture craft of polyvinyl alcohol linen ring fabric

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Cited By (10)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104060376A (en) * 2013-03-19 2014-09-24 恒源祥(集团)有限公司 Staple wool blended knitting fabric with low content of wool fiber
CN103541101A (en) * 2013-10-18 2014-01-29 江苏倪家巷集团精毛纺织有限公司 Ultrahigh-count wool/cashmere single-warp single-weft and production method thereof
CN103541101B (en) * 2013-10-18 2015-08-12 江苏倪家巷集团精毛纺织有限公司 Ultrahigh-count wool/cashmere single-warp single-weft and production method thereof
CN103757789A (en) * 2013-11-25 2014-04-30 常熟市梅李镇赵市盛欣纺织制品厂 Preparation method for ultra-high-count and ultra-thin all-wool fabric
CN103653461A (en) * 2013-12-16 2014-03-26 江苏鹿港科技股份有限公司 Manufacturing method of western-style clothes fabric
CN104313745A (en) * 2014-09-21 2015-01-28 江苏丹毛纺织股份有限公司 Manufacturing method of Kuremona fiber blended elastic yarn
CN105908541A (en) * 2016-06-24 2016-08-31 浙江中鼎纺织有限公司 Manufacturing method for elastic knitted yarns
CN106400257A (en) * 2016-08-30 2017-02-15 江阴市越华毛纺织有限公司 Wool composite fabric with high pollution resistance
CN107599549A (en) * 2017-08-24 2018-01-19 江苏格玛斯特种织物有限公司 A kind of wear-resisting Western-style trousers fabric of water proof type and its processing technology
CN108660735A (en) * 2018-05-29 2018-10-16 绍兴盛兴进出口有限公司 The manufacture craft of polyvinyl alcohol linen ring fabric

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