CN102535801A - Greening base and producing method thereof - Google Patents

Greening base and producing method thereof Download PDF

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Publication number
CN102535801A
CN102535801A CN2011104284206A CN201110428420A CN102535801A CN 102535801 A CN102535801 A CN 102535801A CN 2011104284206 A CN2011104284206 A CN 2011104284206A CN 201110428420 A CN201110428420 A CN 201110428420A CN 102535801 A CN102535801 A CN 102535801A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
greening
groove
base
compost
plant
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
Application number
CN2011104284206A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
盐原孝英
三浦龙一
山本耕平
杉山信夫
并河康一
真家道博
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
SUGITAKA KK
NOSAWA KK
Sugiko Co Ltd
Original Assignee
SUGITAKA KK
NOSAWA KK
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Priority to JP2010-283835 priority Critical
Priority to JP2010283835A priority patent/JP5957676B2/en
Application filed by SUGITAKA KK, NOSAWA KK filed Critical SUGITAKA KK
Publication of CN102535801A publication Critical patent/CN102535801A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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Abstract

The invention provides a greening base and a producing method thereof. The greening base can be prevented from deformation and collapse and can be easily inserted in a groove of a wall panel by means of fingers. A greening base (11) of plants for wall greening is composed of a forming body formed by cultivation soil for planting plants for wall greening, and is contained in a groove (10) with an opening front face. The groove (10) is disposed on the outer surface of a wall body (1) and opens outside. The greening base comprises a forming body (20) of solid cultivation soil, and is formed through making a cross section orthogonal to the groove into a polygonal cross section, covering materials (14) which cover a corner area of the forming body which extends along the length direction of the groove to improve the shape retaining force of solid cultivation soil. The corner area is provided with a chamfer part or tilted edge part (12, 13) for eliminating the protruding of the corner part.

Description

Greening base and manufacturing approach thereof
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of greening base and manufacturing approach thereof, more detailed, relate to wall greening in a kind of groove that is housed in exterior surface of wall with greening base and the manufacturing approach thereof of plant.In addition, the invention still further relates to the wall greening structure that utilizes this greening base afforesting wall surfaces.
Background technology
From relaxing heat island phenomenon, improve aesthetic property, alleviating viewpoint such as carrying capacity of environment, the wall greening and the roof greening of special concern building etc. in recent years.As the wall greening method, known make have seek connections with that the climing plant of climbing of root oneself climbs and the climbing formula wall greening method of covering wall, make plant from the droop wall greening method of being located at the sagging and afforesting wall surfaces of flower stand on roof and the balcony etc., use auxiliary material such as wire rope to make to climb that climing plant climbs or the auxiliary material formula wall greening method (TOHKEMY 2004-267084 communique) of sagging and afforesting wall surfaces, the greening plate that used the plantation of the modular wall greening method (TOHKEMY 2004-254565 communique) that can guide and twine the unit of climbing climing plant and the special use of use wall greening to finish are done sth. in advance the three-dimensional base type wall greening method (TOHKEMY 2003-155714 communique and TOHKEMY 2001-169658 communique) etc. of afforesting wall surfaces.
Greening has in the past adopted the structure of in the outside of the metope of building etc. additional configurations greening equipment or greening structure, and the outer harness of building has the duplex that is made up of special-purpose greening equipment of building structure such as body of wall and greening or greening.To this point, a kind of wall greening method that constitutes the wall material of metope itself that utilized has been proposed in japanese kokai publication hei 9-324434 communique and TOHKEMY 2006-225907 communique.The described ecosystem of japanese kokai publication hei 9-324434 communique is cultivated and is used plate, has the structure that is filled with the padding with absorbent function and water retaining function at hollow part.In addition, the described extrusion molding plate of TOHKEMY 2006-225907 communique has outside that mounted on surface has the structure of the wall greening of water retention with garden ground cushion (garden mat).
Patent documentation 1: TOHKEMY 2004-267084 communique
Patent documentation 2: TOHKEMY 2004-254565 communique
Patent documentation 3: TOHKEMY 2003-155714 communique
Patent documentation 4: TOHKEMY 2001-169658 communique
Patent documentation 5: japanese kokai publication hei 9-324434 communique
Patent documentation 6: TOHKEMY 2006-225907 communique
Summary of the invention
The problem that invention will solve
Adopt above-mentioned that kind to utilize wall material itself to form the wall greening method of greening equipment or greening structure; Need not to construct in the outside of body of wall again greening equipment or greening structure; Therefore can simplify the structure of exterior wall, and can make and comprise that greening equipment or the greening whole wall thickness of exterior wall in being configured in reduces.
But; The patent documentation 5 disclosed greening structures only only hollow bulb in hollow sheeting are filled the padding with water supply and water retaining function; And utilize intercommunicating pore that moisture is replenished the plant to exterior surface of wall, the root of plant is identical with the structure of greening in the past also to be the outside that is configured in body of wall.Therefore, adopt the greening structure of patent documentation 5, must be adhered to exterior surface of wall, thereby will plant the additional exterior surface of wall of being located at of base as the surface decoration material of plantation base.Adopt this greening structure, be difficult to use the greening base that to plant in advance the plant of in farm etc., growing seedlings or cultivating.
The described greenings structure of patent documentation 6 is to utilize special fixture, wall greening is installed to the structure on the external surface of extrusion molding plate with the garden ground cushion, needs the garden land pad supports of more complicated to construct.And, because garden land padding body is exposed to the outside of extrusion molding plate, therefore require the garden land spacer that higher intensity, durability and against weather etc. are arranged.Therefore, need take special design and countermeasure to the structure of garden land advance capital for body.
Therefore; The inventor etc. have researched and developed a kind of outer dress panel material that uses extrusion molding plate etc.; Utilization is housed in the wall greening structure of the greening base afforesting wall surfaces in the groove; Should outer dress panel material utilize level and parallel rib to be formed with to accommodate the groove of the front surface opening shape of greening base, be willing to propose this structure in 2010-224529 number in that Japan is special.Adopt this wall greening structure, be housed in the groove through the greening base that will plant in advance etc., can afforesting wall surfaces.
But the inventor etc. run into and will afforests base when accommodating in the groove in the R&D process of this wall greening structure, and the pressure of finger etc. makes the problem of fracture of greening base or breakage easily.Particularly will afforest base when being inserted in the groove; The projecting strip part of rib divides and hinders in the greening base insertion groove, so when wanting to be inserted into greening base in the groove by force, the bight of greening base is out of shape or collapses; Or under the effect of excessive local stress etc.; Afforest a part of impaired of base, therefore, produce the very difficult base of will afforesting and be easily inserted into the problem in the groove.
The present invention makes in view of the problem of above-mentioned that kind, and its purpose is, a kind of distortion that can prevent to afforest base is provided, collapses etc., and can utilize to point and will afforest interior greening base and the manufacturing approach thereof of groove that base is easily inserted into shingle nail.
In addition, the objective of the invention is to, provide in a kind of groove that this greening base is inserted into shingle nail and the wall greening structure that constitutes.
The scheme that is used to deal with problems
In order to achieve the above object; The present invention provides the greening base 11 of a kind of wall greening with plant; It is by carrying out the formed body 20 that figuration forms with the compost of plant and constitute planting wall greening; Be housed in the groove 10 of front surface opening shape, this groove 10 is formed on the external surface of body of wall and uncovered to the external world, and this wall greening is characterised in that with the greening base 11 of plant; Comprise: solidify the formed body of compost, it is through will being that polygonal cross-section forms with the cross section figuration of above-mentioned groove quadrature; Outer dress cladding material 14, it is in order to improve the shape-retaining force of above-mentioned curing compost, covers the folding corner region that the length direction of the above-mentioned groove in edge of above-mentioned formed body extends.
According to said structure of the present invention; Owing to utilize outer dress cladding material to strengthen the bight of greening base, therefore can prevent in the distortion that will afforest base bight of contingent greening base when being inserted in the groove reliably or collapse, afforest the damage by the part of the greening base of initiations such as stress of base.Outer dress cladding material when preventing to carry, afforest base damage aspect also be favourable.
Preferably the folding corner region at above-mentioned formed body is formed with outstanding chamfered part or beveled edge (bevel edge) part 12,13 that is used to eliminate the bight.By forming chamfered part or beveled edge part; Eliminate bight outstanding of greening base; Therefore afforest base when being inserted in the groove, can not make the bight of greening base and the projecting strip part branch of rib answer back to (Japanese :) or butt, can be inserted in the groove with comparalive ease afforesting base towards closing.
In addition; The present invention provides the greening base of a kind of wall greening with plant; It is housed in the groove of front surface opening shape by carrying out the formed body that figuration forms with the compost of plant and constitute planting wall greening, and this groove is formed on the external surface of body of wall and uncovered to the external world; This wall greening is characterised in that with the greening base of plant; Above-mentioned formed body at the edge of above-mentioned formed body and the folding corner region of the length direction extension of above-mentioned groove, is formed with outstanding chamfered part or the beveled edge part that is used to eliminate the bight by through being that the above-mentioned curing compost that polygonal cross-section forms constitutes with the cross section figuration of above-mentioned groove quadrature.
According to said structure of the present invention; Partly eliminate bight outstanding of greening base owing to utilize chamfered part or beveled edge; Therefore will afforest base when being inserted in the groove; The bight of greening base and the projecting strip part branch of rib are answered back to or butt, can the greening base be inserted in the groove with comparalive ease.
In addition; The present invention provides the greening base of a kind of wall greening with plant; It is housed in the groove of front surface opening shape by carrying out the formed body that figuration forms with the compost of plant and constitute planting wall greening, and this groove is formed on the external surface of body of wall and uncovered to the external world; This wall greening is characterised in that with the greening base of plant; Above-mentioned formed body is a rectangular shape by whole figuration, and is adorned the curing compost that cladding material covered the edge portion of length direction outward and constitute, the folding corner region in the above-mentioned edge portion of front surface bottom that is positioned at above-mentioned formed body or upper rear portion; Be formed with outstanding chamfered part or the beveled edge part that is used to eliminate the bight, planting at the front surface of above-mentioned formed body has above-mentioned plant.
According to said structure of the present invention; Strengthen the bight of greening base owing to utilize outer dress cladding material; Therefore can prevent in the distortion that will afforest base bight of contingent greening base when being inserted in the groove reliably or collapse, afforest the damage by the part of the greening base of initiations such as stress of base; And, owing to utilize chamfered part or beveled edge partly to eliminate bight outstanding of greening base, therefore will afforest base when being inserted in the groove; The bight of greening base and the projecting strip part branch of rib are answered back to or butt, can the greening base be inserted in the groove with comparalive ease.
From another viewpoint; The present invention provides a kind of manufacturing approach of afforesting base; It is used to make the greening base of wall greening with plant; This wall greening, is housed in the groove of front surface opening shape by carrying out the formed body that figuration forms with the compost of plant and constitute planting wall greening with the greening base of plant, and this groove is formed on the external surface of body of wall and uncovered to the external world; The manufacturing approach of this greening base is characterised in that, will contain in the nonwoven or formingspace F that paper 70 is laid on counterdie 50 of resin fibre that environment to external world has against weather and durability; The compost base material S that is mixed with thermal welding property fiber is put in the above-mentioned formingspace; Patrix 60 is assembled in the above-mentioned counterdie, and utilizes this patrix that above-mentioned compost base material is pressurizeed; Above-mentioned counterdie and patrix to containing above-mentioned nonwoven and compost base material carry out heat treated, with above-mentioned thermal welding property fiber fusing; Cool off above-mentioned upper die and lower die, will cover the formed body demoulding of the curing compost that forms by above-mentioned nonwoven or paper.
According to said structure of the present invention, can utilize outer dress cladding material to cover the folding corner region of above-mentioned formed body with comparalive ease.
Preferably will inlay member 56,66 is configured among the side or two sides in counterdie and the patrix; This is inlayed member 56,66 and is used for forming chamfered part or beveled edge part at the folding corner region of the greening base that extends along the length direction of above-mentioned groove, utilizes the inclined-plane of inlaying member to form chamfered part or beveled edge part at the folding corner region of formed body.
In addition; The present invention also provides a kind of manufacturing approach of afforesting base; It is used to make the greening base of wall greening with plant, and this wall greening, is housed in the groove of front surface opening shape by carrying out the formed body that figuration forms with the compost of plant and constitute planting wall greening with the greening base of plant; This groove is formed on the external surface of body of wall and uncovered to the external world; The manufacturing approach of this greening base is characterised in that, will inlay member and be configured among the side in counterdie and the patrix or among two sides, and this is inlayed the folding corner region that length direction that member is used for the above-mentioned groove on the edge of above-mentioned greening base extends and forms chamfered part or beveled edge part; The compost base material that is mixed with thermal welding property fiber is put in the formingspace of above-mentioned counterdie; Above-mentioned patrix is assembled in the above-mentioned counterdie, and utilizes this patrix that above-mentioned compost base material is pressurizeed; Above-mentioned counterdie and patrix to containing above-mentioned compost base material carry out heat treated, with above-mentioned thermal welding property fiber fusing; Cool off above-mentioned upper die and lower die, with the formed body demoulding of solidifying compost, the formed body of this curing compost utilizes the above-mentioned inclined-plane of inlaying member to be formed with above-mentioned chamfered part or beveled edge part at above-mentioned folding corner region.
According to said structure of the present invention, can be with being used to eliminate the outstanding chamfered part in bight or the folding corner region that the beveled edge part is formed on the greening base with comparalive ease.
From another viewpoint; The present invention provides a kind of wall greening structure; It utilizes plantation that the greening base afforesting wall surfaces of wall greening with plant arranged; It is characterized in that above-mentioned metope is formed by the building structure of the groove with front surface opening shape or the outer dress panel material of civil structure thing, this groove to the external world uncovered and along laterally or horizontal direction extend; Plantation has the above-mentioned greening base of above-mentioned plant to accommodate and remain in the above-mentioned groove, and above-mentioned plant is exposed to the external world from the front surface opening 10a of above-mentioned groove; Above-mentioned greening base comprises: solidify the formed body of compost, it is through will being that polygonal cross-section forms with the cross section figuration of above-mentioned groove quadrature; Outer dress cladding material, it is in order to improve the shape-retaining force of above-mentioned curing compost, covers the folding corner region that the length direction of the above-mentioned groove in edge of said formed body extends at least.
The folding corner region that preferably length direction of above-mentioned groove extends on the edge of formed body is formed with outstanding chamfered part or the beveled edge part of eliminating the bight.
In addition; The present invention provides a kind of wall greening structure; It utilizes plantation that the greening base afforesting wall surfaces of wall greening with plant arranged; It is characterized in that above-mentioned metope is formed by the building structure of the groove with front surface opening shape or the outer dress panel material of civil structure thing, this groove to the external world uncovered and along laterally or horizontal direction extend; Plantation has the above-mentioned greening base of above-mentioned plant to accommodate and remain in the above-mentioned groove, and above-mentioned plant is exposed to the external world from the front surface opening of above-mentioned groove; Above-mentioned greening base is made up of the formed body that solidifies compost; The formed body of this curing compost is through will being that polygonal cross-section forms with the cross section figuration of above-mentioned groove quadrature; The folding corner region that the length direction of above-mentioned groove extends on the edge of above-mentioned formed body is formed with outstanding chamfered part or the beveled edge part of eliminating the bight.
The effect of invention
Adopt greening base of the present invention, can prevent to afforest base distortion, collapse etc., therefore can enough fingers will afforest base and be inserted into comparalive ease in the groove of shingle nail.Adopt greening base manufacturing approach of the present invention, can make this greening base with comparalive ease.In addition; Adopt wall greening structure of the present invention; Can prevent to afforest base distortion, collapse etc.; Can enough fingers will afforest base and be easily inserted in the groove of shingle nail, and can also obtain raising, the construction cost of shortening, the application property of duration reduction, wall structure simplification and comprise the body of wall integral body of greening in being configured in wall thickness advantage such as reduce.
Description of drawings
Fig. 1 is longitudinal section and the local amplification view that expression has the construction exterior plate of the groove that can supply greening base insertion of the present invention.
Fig. 2 is the front view of construction exterior plate shown in Figure 1.
Fig. 3 is longitudinal section and the local amplification view of expression with the wall greening structure of construction exterior plate formation illustrated in figures 1 and 2.
Fig. 4 is the front view that wall greening shown in Figure 3 is constructed.
Fig. 5 is that expression will be afforested longitudinal section and the local amplification view that base is inserted into the action when afforesting in the base maintenance space.
Fig. 6 is front view, rear elevation, vertical view, upward view, left view and the right view of the structure of illustration greening base.
Fig. 7 is the I-I sectional view and the II-II sectional view of the greening base of Fig. 6.
Fig. 8 is the stereogram that expression has plantation the situation on the greening base of being transplanted to the curing compost of growing seedlings of plant.
Fig. 9 is longitudinal section, vertical view and the sectional elevation that is used to make the counterdie of afforesting base.
Figure 10 is vertical view, longitudinal section and the sectional elevation that is assembled in the patrix in the counterdie.
Figure 11 is the vertical view and the stereogram of the raw material of the outer dress of expression cladding material.
Figure 12 is longitudinal section and the sectional elevation that expression is laid on nonwoven and adhesive sheet the state in the counterdie.
Figure 13 is longitudinal section and the sectional elevation that the state in the counterdie is put into the compost base material in expression.
Figure 14 is longitudinal section and the sectional elevation that expression is assembled into patrix the state in the counterdie.
Figure 15 is the longitudinal section and the sectional elevation of the stamping procedure of expression compost base material.
The elevation of Figure 16 heating treatment step that to be general expression undertaken by heater.
The specific embodiment
Preferred implementation according to greening base of the present invention; Above-mentioned formed body constitutes by solidifying compost; The compost base material that utilizes heat treated to make heat of mixing weldability fiber in the compost base material and form solidifies; Should solidify compost thereby constitute, above-mentioned outer dress cladding material constitutes by containing nonwoven or the paper that atmosphere to external world has the resin fibre of against weather and durability, and this outer dress cladding material is bonded in the surface of curing compost.
Preferred above-mentioned groove is formed by the outstanding rib that is located at exterior surface of wall, and rib has and is used to the prominent bar 5b, the 5c that face upward or downward that stop greening base front surface that come off from groove, that be configured in groove and in the front surface opening of groove, give prominence to.The answering back to or butt of contingent formed body and prominent bar when being inserted into formed body in the groove is formed with above-mentioned chamfered part or beveled edge part in the folding corner region of the front surface bottom of formed body and/or upper rear portion.More preferably formed body has front surface opening via groove to the uncovered aperture portion 21 in the external world, and (Japanese: root ) part 26 is inserted in the aperture portion root piece of plant.
According to the preferred implementation of greening base manufacturing approach of the present invention, after the adhesive sheet 80 with thermoplastic resin is routed on nonwoven or the paper in the formingspace, the compost base material is put in the formingspace.Adhesive sheet utilize heat treated can plastify (Japanese: plasticization), bonding curing compost and nonwoven or paper.
Preferred implementation according to wall greening structure of the present invention; Formed body is the curing compost that the compost base material that utilizes heat treated will be mixed with thermal welding property fiber is solidified to form, and adorns cladding material outward and constitutes by containing nonwoven or the paper that atmosphere to external world has the resin fibre of against weather and durability.Outer dress cladding material is bonded in the surface of solidifying compost.More preferably groove is formed by the outstanding rib that is located at exterior surface of wall, rib have be used to stop that the greening base comes off from above-mentioned groove, along the peristome configuration of groove and the prominent bar of in peristome, giving prominence to that faces upward or downward.The answering back to or butt of contingent formed body and prominent bar when being inserted into formed body in the groove is formed with chamfered part or beveled edge part in the front surface bottom of formed body and/or the folding corner region of upper rear portion.
Better embodiment according to wall greening structure of the present invention; Prominent bar is configured in the upper end and the bottom of the front surface peristome of groove; In order to supply water to the plant of greening base; Behind zone near the prominent bar down of the upper surface of greening base disposes along what the length direction of groove extended and waters with pipe arrangement 30, and the prominent bar up that is configured in the bottom of front surface opening has notch part 7; These notch part 7 formation confessions are watered with the hydrops portion of the surplus water stop of the water supply of pipe arrangement discharge; And the surplus water that this notch part 7 makes hydrops portion flows out to the outside of down prominent bar, and the surplus water that flows out to the outside of prominent bar down via notch part flow into the groove that is arranged in the below, and the plant of the greening base in the groove that is housed in downside is supplied with.
Preferred outer dress panel material 1 is made up of the extrusion molding cement board, and groove is formed by the parallel T shape rib 5 of giving prominence to devices spaced apart the external surface that is located at the extrusion molding plate up and down.
Embodiment 1
Below, specify the preferred embodiments of the present invention with reference to the accompanying drawing that is added.
Fig. 1 is longitudinal section and the local amplification view that expression has the construction exterior plate of the groove that can supply greening base of the present invention insertion, and Fig. 2 is the front view of construction exterior plate shown in Figure 1.Fig. 3 and Fig. 4 are longitudinal section and the front view of expression with the wall greening structure of construction exterior plate formation illustrated in figures 1 and 2.
Construction exterior plate 1 is made up of the extrusion molding cement board that the front is seen as rectangle; This extrusion molding cement board is to be tabular and to carry out the autoclave maintenance and form through the mixture extrusion molding with cement, silicic acid raw material and cellulose raw material; Construction exterior plate 1 has the interior appearance and size of scope of width W 1=600mm~900mm, thickness T 1=50mm~100mm, length L I=1000mm~5000mm, the for example appearance and size of width W 1=600mm, thickness T 1=60mm, length L 1=3000mm.As extrusion molding cement board or its base material, " ASLOC " (registration mark) that can preferably use NOZAWA Co., Ltd to produce.
Plate 1 comprises: hollow bulb 2, its devices spaced apart ground configuration and extension along its length; Protuberance 3, its outstanding being located on the upper surface; Recess 4, it is formed at the lower surface.A plurality of T shape ribs 5 outstanding being located on the lateral surface of plate 1 that separate predetermined distance.Rib 5 along the length direction extension of plate 1, forms the groove of front surface opening shape along the width devices spaced apart parallel configuration in ground of plate 1 between rib 5.This routine plate 1 is with the base material of the plate 1 integrally formed plate that forms of extrusion molding integratedly with rib 5.Each rib 5 comprises base portion 5a with hollow bulb 6 and reaches prominent bar 5b, 5c down up from what the leading section of base portion 5a extended along the vertical direction.The extension endlong that base portion 5a and prominent bar 5b, 5c spread all over plate 1.
Shown in Fig. 1 (B), the groove of the front surface opening shape about being formed between the rib 5 of devices spaced apart forms and can supply to afforest the greening base maintenance space 10 that base 11 (with reference to Fig. 3) inserts.The greening base keeps space 10 to be divided by front surface (front) 5f of the medial surface 5i of the prominent bar 5c of the soffit 5e of the base portion 5a of the medial surface 5h of the prominent bar 5b of the upper surface 5d of the base portion 5a of downside, downside, upside, upside and plate main body forming.Upper surface 5d has the current gradient, and upper surface 5d tilts laterally and downwards.Shown in dotted line among Fig. 2, be formed with interception portion 8 at the both ends of upper surface 5d.Interception portion 8 stops the water on the upper surface 5d to flow out from the end of upper surface 5d.Be formed with along the rhone 5g of the length direction extension of plate 1 with the interface branch of the bar 5b that dashes forward up at upper surface 5d.
As shown in Figure 2, on the prominent bar 5b of downside, separate predetermined distance ground and form jagged 7.Notch part 7 separates predetermined distance and disposes (the for example interval of 200mm~500mm).Notch part 7 is formed on the rib 5 of each layer, and adjacent along the vertical direction notch part 7 is consistency from top to bottom not, but is configured on the position of staggering each other, thereby notch part 7 is configured to sawtooth along the vertical direction and arranges.
As shown in Figure 1, rib 5 has laterally zygomorphic cross sectional shape except the rib 5 of topmost and foot, and soffit 5e laterally and upwards square neck tiltedly is connected with prominent bar 5c down.Prominent bar 5b, the medial surface 5h of 5c, 5i are parallel with front surface 5f, and medial surface 5h, 5i stop the greening base to keep greening bases 11 (with reference to Fig. 3) in the space 10 to afforest base maintenance space 10 certainly to come off.So; The greening base keeps space 10 to have the cross section of being divided the trapezoidal profile that forms by upper surface 5d, soffit 5e, front surface 5f and medial surface 5h, 5i, between prominent bar 5b, 5c, is formed with to supply the greening base to keep space 10 to the uncovered front surface opening 10a in the external world.The extension endlong that the greening base keeps space 10 and front surface opening 10a to spread all over plate 1.
As shown in Figure 3, plate 1 utilizes holding appliance 101 fastenings such as bolt on stop apparatus 102 such as Z type jig.Stop apparatus 102 is fixed on the base materials 103 such as angle steel, and base material 103 utilizes (not shown) such as steel carriages to be fixed on the reinforced concrete column 104 of building.Plate 1 on the external surface of building, utilizes recess 4 chimeric of protuberance 3 and the plate of upside of the plate 1 of downside with horizontal shop form construction, and adjacent along the vertical direction plate 1 is linked each other.The folder that in being formed at plate 1 longitudinal seam to each other and butting, carries out sealing mat is inserted, the joint treatment such as filling 105 of sealant.
Expression has the greening base 11 of plant to be housed in the state in the greening base maintenance space 10 plantation in Fig. 3 and Fig. 4.The cross section of greening base 11 shown in Figure 3 is and the cross section of groove (the greening base keeps space 10) quadrature that greening base 11 integral body have polygonal cross-section (being rectangle or quadrangular section in this example).Plant keeps the front surface opening 10a in space 10 to expose to the external world from afforesting base, under external environment, grows and the lateral surface of greening plate 1.Greening base at the topmost that is positioned at each plate 1 keeps space 10 to dispose watering tube 30.Watering tube 30 is configured in the top that the greening base keeps space 10 along the soffit 5e of rib 5 and the connecting portion of medial surface 5i, along the length direction extension of plate 1.
Watering tube 30 is connected by control valve equal controller (not shown) and watering (not shown).Be disposed to many feed water inlets (not shown) devices spaced apart watering tube 30, greening base 11 water supply to the superiors that face watering tube 30.As watering tube 30, for example can preferably use force pipe watering tubes such as (ram hose) with pressure adjustment function.The water of discharging from the feed water inlet of watering tube 30 supplies to the greening base and keeps on the greening base 11 in the space 10.
A part that supplies water is absorbed by the greening base 11 of the superiors, and the remainder of water supply flows on the soffit 5d as surplus water, under the effect of the current gradient of soffit 5d, rests among the rhone 5g.The water of rhone 5g flows out on the tapered outer surface 5j of rib 5 from notch part 7, and 5j flows downward along tapered outer surface.The inclined plane 5k of the prominent bar 5c that tilts to the inside on the water edge that tapered outer surface 5j flows down further flows down, and the greening base that drops onto lower floor from the following ora terminalis 5m of crooked prominent bar 5c keeps supplying on the greening base 11 of lower floor in the space 10.A part (surplus water) that supplies to the water on this greening base 11 also flows out from rhone 5g and notch part 7 with the same manner, and supplying to more, the greening base of lower floor keeps on the greening base 11 in the space 10.
Adopt this wall greening structure; Through plate 1 is constructed; Can form the metope of building simultaneously and be used for the greening base that greening base 11 remains on the metope is kept space 10, therefore can obtain the shortening of duration, the raising of application property and the advantages such as reduction of construction cost.In addition; This wall greening structure is owing to have the structure of constructing in the body of wall that is encased in building afforesting; Therefore can make and comprise that the structure of afforesting the metope in being configured in obtains simplifying; Perhaps can make to comprise that greening is configured in the whole wall thickness of interior body of wall and reduces, and can guarantee supporting the stabilizer pole of each greening base 11.
In this wall greening is constructed, after the construction of plate 1 finishes, will afforest base 11 and be inserted in the greening base maintenance space 10 with finger.Greening base 11 be that the formed body of the curing compost that forms of polygonal cross-section (being rectangle or quadrangular section in this example) constitutes by keeping the cross section figuration of space 10 quadratures with the greening base; Though as after be mixed with thermal welding property fiber stating and under the effect of heat treated, be able to and strengthen, but still be very fragile and low intensive raw material.For example with bog moss (peat moss) even etc. be that the above-mentioned curing compost of main material has been sneaked into above-mentioned reinforcing fibre, still have easily in the effect of finger distortion or the character that ruptures down.And, owing to divide the prominent bar 5h that the greening base keeps space 10, the insertion that 5i hinders greening base 11, therefore being inserted into the greening base when keeping in the space 10 will afforest base 11, greening base 11 is damage or breakages easily.
In order to prevent the damage or the breakage of the greening base 11 of above-mentioned that kind when inserting; This routine greening base 11 has the outstanding chamfered part (beveled edge part) 12,13 that is used to eliminate the bight at folding corner region, and has the outer dress cladding material 14 that covers folding corner region at least.Chamfered part 12,13 is formed on the front surface bottom and the upper rear portion of greening base 11, is formed with inclined plane (bevel) at the folding corner region of afforesting base 11.Chamfered part 12,13 is configured on the surface of greening base 11 with respect to the central point ground of greening base 11, keeps the length direction extension in space 10 at the whole length upper edge of greening base 11 greening base.Outer dress cladding material 14 constitutes by containing nonwoven or the paper that atmosphere to external world has the resin fibre of against weather and durability.
Fig. 5 is that expression will be afforested longitudinal section and the local amplification view that base 11 is inserted into the action when afforesting in the base maintenance space 10.
Be inserted into the greening base when keeping in the space 10 will afforesting base 11; Because the positive basifacial of greening base 11 and upper rear portion and prominent bar 5b, 5c interfere; Therefore shown in Fig. 5 (A); With the posture that the front (front surface) of afforesting base 11 tilts slightly downwards, will afforest base 11 and be inserted in the greening base maintenance space 10.The chamfered part 13 of upper rear portion that is formed on greening base 11 in the downside transition of prominent bar 5c, is not answered back to prominent bar 5c and butt ground moves to and afforests in the base maintenance space 10 as Fig. 5 (B) shown in.Equally, the just basifacial chamfered part 12 that is formed on greening base 11 in the upside transition of prominent bar 5b, is not answered back to prominent bar 5b and butt ground moves to and afforests in the base maintenance space 10 as Fig. 5 (C) shown in.Thereby, can with by with prominent bar 5b, 5c answer back to or butt and the damage or the breakage of the greening base 11 that produces prevent trouble before it happens.And owing to utilize outer dress cladding material 14 to cover greening base 11, the pressure of the finger in the time of therefore can preventing to insert damages or distortion the base material (bog moss etc.) of greening base 11.
Fig. 6 is front view, rear elevation, vertical view, upward view, left view and the right view of the structure of illustration greening base 11; Fig. 7 is the I-I sectional view and the II-II sectional view of the greening base 11 of Fig. 6, and Fig. 8 is the stereogram that expression has plantation the situation on the greening base 11 of being transplanted to the curing compost of growing seedlings of plant.
Like Fig. 6 and shown in Figure 7; Greening base 11 is that the base body of rectangular shape and the outer dress cladding material 14 of covering base main body constitute by integral body, and this base body has on centre line C L a plurality of (being 4 in this example) transplanting of equally spaced proper alignment configuration with through hole 21.Transplanting has positive circular cross-section the same on whole length with through hole 21, on the front surface of greening base 11, is formed with to transplant to use aperture portion.Outer dress cladding material 14 covers front (front), the back side (at the back), upper surface and the soffit of greening base 11.The curing compost of base body is exposed to the both ends of the surface of greening base 11.Outer dress cladding material 14 possesses and through hole 21 corresponding circular opens 75.As stated, the folding corner region (front surface bottom and upper rear portion) at greening base 11 is formed with chamfered part 12,13.The each several part size of greening base 11 and chamfered part 12,13 is for example set as following.
The width W 2=90mm of greening base 11
The thickness T 2=30mm of greening base 11
The length L 2=300mm of greening base 11
The width size W3=10mm of chamfered part 12,13
The thickness direction size T3=7mm of chamfered part 12,13
Transplant diameter D=40mm with through hole 21
Diameter the D "=45mm of circular open 75
Fig. 8 representes in farm etc., to educate in advance box (cell) seedling or basin (pot) seedling 25 that are implanted with plant and is transplanted to the situation on the greening base 11.Transplant with in the through hole 21 through root piece part 26 is inserted into, box seedling or basin seedling 25 are transplanted on the greening base 11.There are the greening base 11 greening bases that are inserted into plate 1 as shown in Figure 5 of box seedling or basin seedling 25 to keep in the space 10 transplanting.In addition, also can be inserted into after the greening base keeps in the space 10 will afforesting base 11, box seedling or basin seedling 25 will be inserted into transplanting with in the through hole 21.
Next, the manufacturing approach of this greening base 11 is described.
Fig. 9 is longitudinal section, vertical view and the sectional elevation that is used to make the counterdie of afforesting base 11, and Figure 10 is vertical view, longitudinal section and the sectional elevation of patrix.
Fig. 9 representes to be used to make the counterdie 50 of the open top shape of afforesting base 11.Counterdie 50 comprise the bottom surface of formation level diapire 51, about sidewall 52, two ends end wall 53 and be used to form a plurality of cylindrical core 55 of transplanting with through hole 21.The formingspace F that is formed on the cuboid in the counterdie 50 has the planar dimension consistent with the width W 2 of greening base 11 and length L 2.Diapire 50 is made up of the porose metal sheet with many manholes, and sidewall 52 is made up of the metal sheet that forms vertical side wall and end wall surface with end wall 53.Core 55 aligned configuration equally spaced on centre line C L.Each core 55 has on whole height and the positive circular cross-section of transplanting with the consistent diameter of the diameter D of through hole 21.
What on diapire 51 and connecting portion that side's sidewall 52 is connected, spread all over counterdie 50 disposes inserts 56 endlong.Inserts 56 is used for chamfer machining chamfered part 12, and inserts 56 has the base size consistent with the width W 3 of chamfered part 12, thickness T 3 and the right triangular cross-sectional of height dimension.
Figure 10 representes to be inserted into the structure of the patrix 60 in the counterdie 50.Patrix 60 by the patrix main body 61 of rectangular shape and the pressing member 62,63 of erectting the rectangular shape on the upper surface be located at patrix main body 61 integratedly constitute.A plurality of circles that can supply cylindrical core 55 to run through open 65 on centre line C L aligned configuration equally spaced.Each circle is opened 65 and on whole height, is had than the positive circular cross-section of transplanting with the big slightly diameter D ' of the diameter D of through hole 21.
On the soffit of patrix main body 61, dispose inserts 66.The extension endlong that inserts 66 spreads all over patrix main body 61 continuously along the lateral margin of patrix main body 61.Inserts 66 is used for chamfer machining chamfered part 13, has the base size consistent with the width W 3 of chamfered part 13, thickness T 3 and the right triangular cross-sectional of height dimension.
Figure 11 is the vertical view and the stereogram of the raw material of the outer dress of expression cladding material 14.Outer dress cladding material 14 is made up of the nonwoven 70 that with vinylon fiber and polyester fiber etc. is raw material; As nonwoven 70; Can preferably use in hope to have the nonwoven that uses in the purposes of civil engineering material etc. of against weather, durability etc., for example the nonwoven " Spunbond " produced of Japan Fabritex S.r.l., vinylon paper " BFN No.1 " that Kuraray Co., Ltd. produces, " BFN No.2 " etc.
Nonwoven 70 have the actual identical or slightly littler length L 2 of length L 2 with greening base 11 than this length L 2 '.Be formed with a plurality of circular opens 75 in nonwoven 70 upper edge centre line C L.The Center Gap of circular open 75 is consistent with the Center Gap of core 55 and circular open 65.Circular open 75 is as shown in Figure 6, has than transplants with the big slightly diameter D of the diameter D of through hole 21 ".
In addition, prepare shown in the Reference numeral of Figure 11 bracket, have the size identical and the adhesive sheet 80 of shape with nonwoven 70.Adhesive sheet 80 has and circular open 75 corresponding circular opens 85.Bonding the sheet 80 is made of a polyamide resin, a thermoplastic resin having a hot melt adhesive sheet (melting point of 150 ℃ or less), for example, preferably used Kureha technique (Japanese: Te ッ Kure black feather) Ltd the adhesive sheet for LNS3010 like.
Figure 12 to Figure 16 representes to afforest the forming process of base 11.Figure 12 is longitudinal section and a sectional elevation of representing the state in the counterdie 50 that nonwoven 70 and adhesive sheet 80 are laid on, and nonwoven 70 usefulness chain-dotted lines represent that adhesive sheet 80 usefulness double dot dash lines are represented.Figure 13 is longitudinal section and the sectional elevation that the state in the counterdie is put into the compost base material in expression.Figure 14 is longitudinal section and the sectional elevation that expression is assembled into patrix the state in the counterdie.Figure 15 is longitudinal section and the sectional elevation that the stamping procedure of patrix has been used in expression.The elevation of Figure 16 heating treatment step that to be general expression undertaken by heater.
At first, nonwoven 70 is routed in the counterdie 50, then adhesive sheet 80 is routed in the counterdie 50 with the mode that overlaps on the nonwoven 70.Nonwoven 70 is laid in the counterdie 50 along bottom surface and the side wall of formingspace F, and core 55 runs through the circular open 75,85 of nonwoven 70 and adhesive sheet 80.
After putting into nonwoven 70 and adhesive sheet 80 counterdie 50 in the above described manner, the compost base material S of the base material of afforesting base 11 of will being used to be shaped shown in figure 13 puts in the counterdie 50.
In this example, compost base material S is by being mixed with following raw material, and constitutes with compost through growing seedlings of forming with mixing such as blender, stirring adjustment.
The about 50 weight % of bog moss (from the natural fiber of sphagna)
The about 10 weight % of perlite foaming body (pearlite) (the foaming article that are fired into perlite)
The about 2 weight % of magnesia quicklime (from the fertilizer of limestone)
The about 20 weight % of clay mineral (pozzolan class clay mineral)
The about 15 weight % of thermal welding property fiber (polyester fiber)
Being mixed with growing seedlings of thermal welding property fiber in the above described manner for example mentions in TOHKEMY 2002-58340 communique and TOHKEMY 2003-339226 communique etc. with compost; Be mixed with the compost utilization of thermal welding property fiber by the fusing of thermal welding property fiber, the softening and fiber that produces each other bonding, fiber is bonding with other compositions, the mesh-shape that forms three-dimensional adds competent structure.Therefore, the compost after the heat treated solidifies, and has the character of performance shape-retaining force to a certain degree.But the compost after the curing still has than is easier to the proterties of the fragility disintegrated under the effect of finger etc.This growing seedlings for example can be used as reality with compost (Japanese: the body Ru) Industrial Co., Ltd " the Excel Soil " that produce bought on market.In addition, adjusted compost base material S according to the expectation and after having carried out adding water treatment, shown in figure 13 putting in the counterdie 50.
The state that in the open top of counterdie 50, is inserted with patrix 60 is shown in figure 14.The soffit of counterdie 50 is pushed down by compost base material S.The nonwoven 70 that extends to the top from compost base material S and the edge portion of adhesive sheet 80 bend with the overlapping mode of side edge part with the upper surface of compost base material S.After being configured in compost base material S, nonwoven 70 and adhesive sheet 80 in patrix 60 and the counterdie 50 like this, shown in figure 15 to the patrix 60 machine pressure P of exerting pressure.Utilize general forcing press etc. that press pressure P is put on patrix 60.
Patrix 60 and counterdie 50 after having carried out the pressurization operation of being undertaken by forcing press etc., the heating treatment step that acceptance shown in figure 16 is undertaken by heater 90.Heater 90 comprises: transport 91, and it carries patrix 60 and counterdie 50; Heating part 92, it utilizes about 100 ℃ steam to add patrix 60 and counterdie 50 on the heat transfer apparatus 91.Be delivered under the latent heat of nonwoven 70, adhesive sheet 80 and the steam of compost base material S in the through hole via diapire 51 acts on counterdie 50 in the counterdie 50, the effect of sensible heat and via counterdie 50 heat under the effect of sensible heat of steam of compost base material S and be heated.The thermal welding property fiber of compost base material S fusing, softening, make fiber each other, fiber is bonding with other compositions, compost base material S solidifies having left after 90s the cooling naturally of heater.In addition, adhesive sheet 80 heat fusings having left heater cooling naturally after 90s, make nonwoven 70 be adhered to the external surface of compost base material S.
After compost base material S cooling, solidifying, unload patrix 60 from counterdie 50, make the greening base 11 that utilizes nonwoven 70 to cover compost base material S from counterdie 50 demouldings.
More than, specified the preferred embodiments of the present invention, but the present invention is not limited to the foregoing description, can in the described scope of the present invention of claims, carry out various distortion or change.
For example, as solidifying compost, " Pafcal " (registration mark) that holding Co., Ltd produces etc. of also can using turf peat (sod peat), peat (peat block), three to get profit.
In addition, the coverage etc. of transplant quantity with through hole, shape, size, adorning cladding material outward can suitably be carried out design alteration, and for example, transplanting also can form with through hole and not run through the non through hole or the recess of afforesting base.
In addition, the external surface of construction exterior plate is not limited to vertical configuration mode, also can be configured to heeling condition.
In addition, as above-mentioned heater, also can not use steam heaters such as autoclave, and formingspace can utilize also the section bar of arbitrary form, structure or type frame to form.
In addition, in the above embodiments, cover the integral body of the front surface of greening base, cover the part at the back side of greening base, but also can cover the integral body at the back side of greening base, cover the part of the front surface of greening base.
Industrial applicibility
The present invention is applied in the greening base and the manufacturing approach thereof of the wall face that is used for afforesting building etc.Adopt greening base of the present invention, can prevent to afforest base distortion, collapse etc., can enough fingers will afforest base and be easily inserted in the groove of shingle nail, adopt the manufacturing approach of greening base of the present invention, can make this greening base.In addition, the present invention is applied in the wall greening structure of the wall face that is used for afforesting building etc.Adopt wall greening structure of the present invention; Can utilize the construction of construction exterior plate, the metope that forms building simultaneously keeps the space with the greening base that is used for the greening base remains on the metope, therefore can the reduction of erection time; Improve application property, reduce construction cost etc.In addition; This wall greening is constructed to have the greening structure is encased in the structure that forms in the body of wall of building; Therefore can make and comprise that the structure of afforesting the metope in being configured in is able to simplify; Perhaps can make to comprise that greening is configured in the whole wall thickness of interior body of wall and reduces, and can guarantee supporting the stabilizer pole of each greening base.
Description of reference numerals
1, construction exterior plate; 5, T shape rib; 5b, 5c, prominent bar; 7, notch part; 10, the greening base keeps the space; 10a, front surface opening, 11, greening base; 12,13, chamfered part (beveled edge part); 14, adorn cladding material outward; 20, formed body; 21, through hole is used in transplanting; 25, box seedling or basin seedling; 26, root piece part; 30, watering tube; 50, counterdie; 55, cylindrical core; 56,66, inserts; 60, patrix; 70, nonwoven or paper; 80, adhesive sheet; 90, heater; S, compost base material; P, press pressure.

Claims (18)

1. a wall greening is with the greening base of plant; It is by carrying out the formed body that figuration forms with the compost of plant and constitute planting wall greening; Be housed in the groove of front surface opening shape, this groove is formed on the external surface of body of wall and uncovered to the external world, it is characterized in that; Comprise: solidify the formed body of compost, it is through will being that polygonal cross-section forms with the cross section figuration of said groove quadrature; Outer dress cladding material, it is in order to improve the shape-retaining force of said curing compost, covers the folding corner region that the length direction of the said groove in edge of said formed body extends.
2. a wall greening is with the greening base of plant; It is housed in the groove of front surface opening shape by carrying out the formed body that figuration forms with the compost of plant and constitute planting wall greening, and this groove is formed on the external surface of body of wall and uncovered to the external world; It is characterized in that
Said formed body will be by through will being that the said curing compost that polygonal cross-section forms constitutes with the cross section figuration of said groove quadrature; The folding corner region that the length direction of said groove extends on the edge of said formed body is formed with outstanding chamfered part or the beveled edge part that is used to eliminate the bight.
3. greening base according to claim 1 is characterized in that,
Folding corner region at said formed body is formed with outstanding chamfered part or the beveled edge part that is used to eliminate the bight.
4. according to claim 1 or 3 described greening bases, it is characterized in that,
Said formed body constitutes by solidifying compost; Utilize heat treated that the compost base material that heat of mixing weldability fiber forms in the compost base material is solidified; Thereby form said curing compost; Said outer dress cladding material constitutes by containing nonwoven or the paper that atmosphere to external world has the resin fibre of against weather and durability, and said outer dress cladding material is bonded on the surface of said curing compost.
5. according to claim 2 or 3 described greening bases, it is characterized in that,
The outstanding rib that is located at said exterior surface of wall of mode to form said groove has the prominent bar that faces upward or downward; This prominent bar that faces upward or downward comes off from said groove in order to stop said greening base; And be configured in the front surface opening part of said groove and outstanding in the front surface opening of this groove; For fear of answering back to or butt of contingent this formed body and said prominent bar when being inserted into said formed body in the said groove, be formed with said chamfered part or beveled edge part in the front surface bottom of said formed body and/or the folding corner region of upper rear portion.
6. according to each described greening base in the claim 1 to 3, it is characterized in that,
Said formed body has by the front surface opening of said groove and to the uncovered aperture portion in the external world, the root piece of said plant partly is inserted in the said aperture portion.
7. a wall greening is with the greening base of plant; It is housed in the groove of front surface opening shape by carrying out the formed body that figuration forms with the compost of plant and constitute planting wall greening, and this groove is formed on the external surface of body of wall and uncovered to the external world; It is characterized in that
Said formed body is a rectangular shape by whole figuration; And adorned the curing compost formation that cladding material has covered the edge portion of length direction outward; Folding corner region in the said edge portion of front surface bottom that is positioned at said formed body or upper rear portion; Be formed with outstanding chamfered part or the beveled edge part that is used to eliminate the bight, planting at the front surface of said formed body has said plant.
8. manufacturing approach of afforesting base; It is used to make the greening base of wall greening with plant; This wall greening, is housed in the groove of front surface opening shape by carrying out the formed body that figuration forms with the compost of plant and constitute planting wall greening with the greening base of plant, and this groove is formed on the external surface of body of wall and uncovered to the external world; It is characterized in that
To contain in the nonwoven or formingspace that paper is laid on counterdie of resin fibre that environment to external world has against weather and durability;
The compost base material that is mixed with thermal welding property fiber is put in the said formingspace;
Patrix is assembled in the said counterdie, and utilizes this patrix that said compost base material is pressurizeed;
Said counterdie and patrix to containing said nonwoven and compost base material carry out heat treated, with said thermal welding property fiber fusing;
Cool off said upper die and lower die, will cover the formed body demoulding of the curing compost that forms by said nonwoven or paper.
9. manufacturing approach of afforesting base; It is used to make the greening base of wall greening with plant; This wall greening, is housed in the groove of front surface opening shape by carrying out the formed body that figuration forms with the compost of plant and constitute planting wall greening with the greening base of plant, and this groove is formed on the external surface of body of wall and uncovered to the external world; It is characterized in that
To inlay member and be configured among the side in counterdie and the patrix or among two sides, this is inlayed the folding corner region that length direction that member is used for the said groove on the edge of said greening base extends and forms chamfered part or beveled edge part;
The compost base material that is mixed with thermal welding property fiber is put in the formingspace of said counterdie;
Said patrix is assembled in the said counterdie, and utilizes this patrix that said compost base material is pressurizeed;
Said counterdie and patrix to containing said compost base material carry out heat treated, with said thermal welding property fiber fusing;
Cool off said upper die and lower die, with the formed body demoulding of solidifying compost, the formed body of this curing compost utilizes the said inclined-plane of inlaying member to be formed with said chamfered part or beveled edge part at said folding corner region.
10. manufacturing approach according to claim 8 is characterized in that,
To inlay member is configured among the side in said counterdie and the patrix or among two sides; This inlays folding corner region formation chamfered part or beveled edge part that member is used for the length direction extension of the said groove on the edge of said greening base, utilizes the said inclined-plane of inlaying member to form said chamfered part or beveled edge part at the said folding corner region of said formed body.
11. according to Claim 8 or 10 described manufacturing approaches, it is characterized in that,
After having laid the adhesive sheet of thermoplastic resin on said nonwoven in said formingspace or the paper; Said compost base material is put in the said formingspace, utilized said heat treated to make said adhesive sheet plasticizing with bonding said curing compost and said nonwoven or paper.
12. a wall greening structure, it utilizes plantation that the greening base afforesting wall surfaces of wall greening with plant arranged, it is characterized in that,
Said metope is formed by the building structure of the groove with front surface opening shape or the outer dress panel material of civil structure thing, this groove to the external world uncovered and along laterally or horizontal direction extend;
Plantation has the said greening base of said plant to accommodate and remain in the said groove, and said plant is exposed to the external world from the front surface opening of said groove;
Said greening base comprises: solidify the formed body of compost, it is through will being that polygonal cross-section forms with the cross section figuration of said groove quadrature; Outer dress cladding material, it is in order to improve the shape-retaining force of said curing compost, covers the folding corner region that the length direction of the said groove in edge of said formed body extends at least.
13. a wall greening structure, it utilizes plantation that the greening base afforesting wall surfaces of wall greening with plant arranged, it is characterized in that,
Said metope is formed by the building structure of the groove with front surface opening shape or the outer dress panel material of civil structure thing, this groove to the external world uncovered and along laterally or horizontal direction extend;
Plantation has the said greening base of said plant to accommodate and remain in the said groove, and said plant is exposed to the external world from the front surface opening of said groove;
Said greening base is made up of the formed body that solidifies compost; The formed body of this curing compost is through will being that polygonal cross-section forms with the cross section figuration of said groove quadrature; The folding corner region that the length direction of said groove extends on the edge of said formed body is formed with outstanding chamfered part or the beveled edge part of eliminating the bight.
14. wall greening structure according to claim 12 is characterized in that,
The folding corner region that the length direction of said groove extends on the edge of said formed body is formed with outstanding chamfered part or the beveled edge part of eliminating the bight.
15. according to claim 12 or 14 described wall greening structures, it is characterized in that,
Said formed body constitutes by solidifying compost; Utilize heat treated to make to be mixed with the compost base material of thermal welding property fiber to solidify; Thereby form said curing compost; Said outer dress cladding material constitutes by containing nonwoven or the paper that atmosphere to external world has the resin fibre of against weather and durability, and this nonwoven or paper are bonded on the surface of said curing compost.
16. according to claim 13 or 14 described wall greening structures, it is characterized in that,
Said groove has the prominent bar that faces upward or downward; This prominent bar that faces upward or downward comes off from said groove in order to stop said greening base; And give prominence to along the front surface opening configuration of said groove and to this front surface opening; For fear of answering back to or butt of contingent this formed body and said prominent bar when being inserted into said formed body in the said groove, be formed with said chamfered part or beveled edge part in the front surface bottom of said formed body and/or the folding corner region of upper rear portion.
17. according to each described wall greening structure in the claim 12 to 14, it is characterized in that,
Said groove has the prominent bar that faces upward or downward, and this prominent bar that faces upward or downward comes off from said groove in order to stop said greening base, and gives prominence to along the front surface opening configuration of said groove and to this front surface opening;
Said prominent bar is configured in the upper end and the bottom of the front surface opening of said groove; In zone, behind near the said prominent bar down of the upper surface of said greening base; Supply water for plant, dispose along the watering of length direction extension of said groove and use pipe arrangement to said greening base;
The prominent bar up that is configured in the bottom of said front surface opening has notch part; This notch part forms the hydrops portion that the surplus water that supplies the said water supply of discharging with pipe arrangement of watering stops; And this notch part makes the surplus water of this hydrops portion flow out to the outside of said prominent bar down; The surplus water that flows out to the outside of said prominent bar down via this notch part flows to the said groove that is arranged in the below, and the plant of the greening base in the said groove that is housed in downside is supplied with.
18. according to each described wall greening structure in the claim 12 to 14, it is characterized in that,
Said outer dress panel material is made up of the extrusion molding cement board, and said groove is formed by the parallel T shape rib of giving prominence to devices spaced apart the external surface that is located at said extrusion molding cement board up and down.
CN2011104284206A 2010-12-20 2011-12-20 Greening base and producing method thereof Pending CN102535801A (en)

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Application publication date: 20120704