CN102531743A - Pleurotus eryngii culture material - Google Patents

Pleurotus eryngii culture material Download PDF

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Publication number
CN102531743A
CN102531743A CN2011103005075A CN201110300507A CN102531743A CN 102531743 A CN102531743 A CN 102531743A CN 2011103005075 A CN2011103005075 A CN 2011103005075A CN 201110300507 A CN201110300507 A CN 201110300507A CN 102531743 A CN102531743 A CN 102531743A
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parts
pleurotus eryngii
culture material
bagasse
mixing
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CN2011103005075A
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谌奇伟
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谌奇伟
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Priority to CN2011103005075A priority Critical patent/CN102531743A/en
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Abstract

The invention discloses a pleurotus eryngii culture material, which is prepared by mixing the following raw materials in part by weight: 15 to 20 parts of xylose residue, 20 to 25 parts of sawdust, 10 to 15 parts of bagasse, 10 to 15 parts of corn cob, 5 to 10 parts of soya bean meal, 10 to 15 parts of bran and 1 part of calcium bicarbonate. Experiments show that: after 10 to 15 parts of bean straw chopper is added into the culture material, the yield and quality of pleurotus eryngii cultured are not obviously different from those of pleurotus eryngii cultured by a culture material without the bean straw chopper, so a scheme of adding the bean straw chopper into the pleurotus eryngii culture material can be preferred, and the cost of the culture material can be further reduced.

Description

A kind of pleurotus eryngii cultivating material
Technical field
The present invention relates to field of edible fungus culture, be specifically related to pleurotus eryngii cultivating material.
Background technology
The Pleurotus eryngii formal name used at school: Pleurotus eryngii (DC.ex.Fr.) Quel. has another name called the snow young pilose antler, eryngo is picked up the ears.Be under the jurisdiction of Mycophyta, Basidiomycetes, Agaricales, Pleurotaceae, pleurotus.Be that one of 16 kinds of rare edible mushroomss cultivating and eat are recommended by Food and Argriculture OrganizationFAO (FAO) and The World Health Organization (WHO), China cultivated from external introduction in nineteen nineties.It meets new food resource " natural, nutrition, health care " principle, and the characteristics of the following aspects are arranged:
One, hobby function: the Pleurotus eryngii bacterial context is plump, and quality is tender and crisp.Delicious flavour has happy almond flavor.It cannot not boil mashedly for a long time, and color is all good, and mouthfeel is good; Palatability is strong, but appetite stimulator, suitable processing (salt marsh, system jar, solarization dry plate aftertaste road be deliciousness more); Fresh-keeping and fresh culinary art (can plain fry or with culinary arts such as meat, fish; Boil in the hotpot spicy string etc.) be the best a kind of flat mushroom class bacterium mushroom of taste, be described as " flat mushroom king ".
Two, trophic function: Pleurotus eryngii contains low sugar, lower fat, high protein, contains 18 seed amino acids, particularly contain human body must and self can not synthetic amino acid.Pleurotus eryngii also contains various trace elements and multivitamins such as phosphorus, potassium, iron, has very high nutritive value.
Three, physiological hygiene function: Pleurotus eryngii contains the specificity fungus polysaccharide, but often edible enhancing human immune and resistance against diseases.It contains abundant oligosaccharides, has beauty treatment, senile-resistant efficacy.In addition,, have the function of strengthening gastrointestinal peristalsis, Digestive tract is had certain curative effect because crude fiber content is high.
Domestic Pleurotus eryngii changes to factory culture from the seasonality cultivation.Introduce me at Pleurotus eryngii industrial cultivation
In a few years of state, number of the enterprise and product volume are all by leaps and bounds increased, and cultivating facility is also perfect gradually, but most of manufacturing enterprises are still management by rule of thumb, all are in the starting stage.The culture material of Pleurotus eryngii generally all is to select according to the resource situation of locality, but wood chip, cotton seed hulls, corn cob, these several components of wheat bran are indispensable basically.Especially cotton seed hulls, corn cob, its content accounts for more than culture substrate 50 ﹪.Price along with cotton seed hulls and corn cob sharply rose in recent years, and each enterprise reduces the ratio of cotton seed hulls and corn cob one after another, the test of all filling a prescription with different raw materials, and the enterprise that has is reduced to cotton seed hulls and corn cob consumption about 40%.But develop rapidly at mushroom industry; Cotton, today that the corn planting amount reduces and industrial chain is expanded; Such quantity also is not enough to let the price of cotton seed hulls and corn cob return rational; So the screening that utilizes existing abundant agricultural crop straw, farm products processing industry tankage resource to carry out the production formula of cotton seed hulls, corn cob low levels or zero content helps to reduce production costs, efficient, the pollution-free processing for stalk simultaneously has active effect.
Summary of the invention
The technical problem that the present invention will solve provides a kind of pleurotus eryngii cultivating material, with xylose residue or with replacement part cotton seed hulls, corn cobs such as xylose residue beanstalk bar powder, reduces the cultivation cost of Pleurotus eryngii, improves the quality of Pleurotus eryngii.
The present invention realizes through following technical scheme:
A kind of pleurotus eryngii cultivating material is processed after mixing by the raw material of following weight part: xylose residue 15-20 part, wood chip 20-25 part, bagasse 10-15 part, corn cob 10-15 part, bean cake powder 5-10 part, wheat bran 10-15 part, 1 part of carbonic acid fine particle calcium carbonate.
Mix by said parts by weight of raw materials, stir on the limit, Bian Jiashui, reaches 65-67 ﹪ until the culture material water cut, transfers pH8-9 with gypsum then.
The further improvement project of the present invention is that a kind of pleurotus eryngii cultivating material is processed after mixing by the raw material of following weight part: xylose residue 15-20 part; Wood chip 20-25 part, bagasse 10-15 part, corn cob 10-15 part; Beans straw powder 10-15 part; Bean cake powder 5-10 part, wheat bran 10-15 part, 1 part of carbonic acid fine particle calcium carbonate.Also can add corn stalk powder, wheat stalk powder, several kinds of straw powder separately with, mix with can.
Mix by said parts by weight of raw materials, stir on the limit, Bian Jiashui, reaches 65-67 ﹪ until the culture material water cut, transfers pH8-9 with gypsum then.
Test shows; After in above-mentioned culture material, adding beans straw powder 10-15 part; The Pleurotus eryngii of turning out, its yield and quality does not all have obvious difference with the culture material that does not add the beans straw powder, therefore; Further improvement project that can be preferably above-mentioned can further reduce the cost of culture material as pleurotus eryngii cultivating material.
The present invention replaces cotton seed hull with Xylitol slag (waste residue behind the corn cob extraction Xylitol); Part instead of corn core (making corn cob in culture material, only account for 8-15); Utilize the raw material of industrial tankage such as bagasse simultaneously as culture material; Not only abundant raw material is easy to get, and has reduced the cost of culture material.
Utilize xylose residue to replace cotton seed hulls to make the cultivation batching, carry out the research of factory culture Pleurotus eryngii, cultivate contrast, 200 bags of every assembly side preparation cultivations with three kinds of traditional prescriptions.The result shows that according to shortening 1 ~ 4 day, growth cycle is according to shortening 3-6 days than conventional formulation mycelia purseful time ratio for culture material of the present invention.Explain that xylose residue can promote the Pleurotus eryngii growth; Being 75 ~ 85% by the biological rate of above-mentioned different ratios xylose residue prescription Xinbao mushroom culturing (is biological rate, or biological transformation ratio, or bioavailability here; PLSCONFM); Dan Duogu weighs 100 ~ 400g, and control group is merely 70 ~ 75% and 85 ~ 360g, and the commodity rate of prescription factory culture Pleurotus eryngii that contains xylose residue is higher.
The component and the weight proportion of three kinds of traditional culture materials are respectively:
Prescription one: wood chip 30%, cotton seed hulls 25%, corn cob 22%, wheat bran 15%, bean cake powder 5%, sucrose 1%, superphosphate of lime 1%, terra alba 1%;
Prescription two: wood chip 20%, cotton seed hulls 40%, corn cob 10%, bagasse 14%, bean cake powder 5%, wheat bran 10%, carbonic acid fine particle calcium carbonate 1%;
Prescription three: wood chip 20%, cotton seed hulls 15%, corn cob 35%, bagasse 14%, bean cake powder 5%, wheat bran 10%, carbonic acid fine particle calcium carbonate 1%.
Embodiment
Embodiment 1
Get 18 parts of xylose residues by weight, 23 parts of wood chips, 13 parts of bagasse, 12 parts of corn cobs; 7 parts of bean cake powders, 12 parts in wheat bran, 1 part of carbonic acid fine particle calcium carbonate mixes under whipped state; Stir on the limit, Bian Jiashui, reaches 65-67 ﹪ until the culture material water cut, transfers pH8-9 with gypsum then.Then culture material is packed into and (gather third pocket, wide 17cm, long 36cm in the plastics bag; Thickness 0.05mm, every sacked material 500 grams), the Pleurotus eryngii bacterial classification is inserted in sterilization, cooling back; Place culturing room to send out bacterium and cultivate, behind the full bacterium, move to fertility chamber fruiting; Treat that Pleurotus eryngii grows to 10-16 centimetre, is average every bag of output gathered during turnup in slightly in mushroom lid edge? Gram.
Embodiment 2
Get 19 parts of xylose residues by weight, 24 parts of wood chips, 14 parts of bagasse, 14 parts of corn cobs, 9 parts of bean cake powders, 14 parts in wheat bran, 1 part of carbonic acid fine particle calcium carbonate.All the other are implemented like embodiment 1.
Embodiment 3
Get 16 parts of xylose residues by weight, 22 parts of wood chips, 12 parts of bagasse, 12 parts of corn cobs, 6 parts of bean cake powders, 12 parts in wheat bran, 1 part of carbonic acid fine particle calcium carbonate.All the other are implemented like embodiment 1.
Embodiment 4
18 parts of xylose residues, 23 parts of wood chips, 13 parts of bagasse, 12 parts of corn cobs, 7 parts of bean cake powders, 12 parts in wheat bran, 1 part of carbonic acid fine particle calcium carbonate, 13 parts of beans straw powder.All the other are implemented like embodiment 1.
Embodiment 5
Get 19 parts of xylose residues by weight, 24 parts of wood chips, 14 parts of bagasse, 14 parts of corn cobs, 9 parts of bean cake powders, 14 parts in wheat bran, 1 part of carbonic acid fine particle calcium carbonate, 14 parts of beans straw powder.All the other are implemented like embodiment 1.
Embodiment 6
Get 16 parts of xylose residues by weight, 22 parts of wood chips, 12 parts of bagasse, 12 parts of corn cobs, 6 parts of bean cake powders, 12 parts in wheat bran, 12 parts of beans straw powder, 1 part of carbonic acid fine particle calcium carbonate.All the other are implemented like embodiment 1.

Claims (4)

1. a pleurotus eryngii cultivating material is characterized in that being processed after mixing by the raw material of following weight part: xylose residue 15-20 part, wood chip 20-25 part, bagasse 10-15 part, corn cob 10-15 part, bean cake powder 5-10 part, wheat bran 10-15 part, 1 part of carbonic acid fine particle calcium carbonate.
2. a kind of pleurotus eryngii cultivating material as claimed in claim 1 is characterized in that mixing by the said parts by weight of raw materials of claim 1, and stir on the limit, Bian Jiashui, reaches 65-67 ﹪ until the culture material water cut, transfers pH8-9 with gypsum then.
3. a pleurotus eryngii cultivating material is characterized in that being processed after mixing by the raw material of following weight part: xylose residue 15-20 part, wood chip 20-25 part; Bagasse 10-15 part, corn cob 10-15 part, beans straw powder 10-15 part; Bean cake powder 5-10 part, wheat bran 10-15 part, 1 part of carbonic acid fine particle calcium carbonate.
4. a kind of pleurotus eryngii cultivating material as claimed in claim 3 is characterized in that mixing by the said parts by weight of raw materials of claim 3, and stir on the limit, Bian Jiashui, reaches 65-67 ﹪ until the culture material water cut, transfers pH8-9 with gypsum then.
CN2011103005075A 2011-09-30 2011-09-30 Pleurotus eryngii culture material Pending CN102531743A (en)

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Cited By (20)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103254000A (en) * 2013-06-05 2013-08-21 山东福禾菌业科技有限公司 Pleurotus eryngii compost formula
CN103333023A (en) * 2013-07-05 2013-10-02 邬金飞 Pleurotus eryngii cultivation material compatibility and manufacture method of cultivation material
CN103333024A (en) * 2013-07-18 2013-10-02 司天戎 Facilitating pleurotus eryngii culture medium and preparation method thereof
CN103408369A (en) * 2013-08-08 2013-11-27 邬金飞 Compatibility and manufacturing method of Pleurotus eryngii cultivation material
CN103449908A (en) * 2013-08-15 2013-12-18 安徽中祝农业发展有限公司 Pleurotus eryngii culture medium and preparation method thereof
CN103508813A (en) * 2013-10-17 2014-01-15 安徽徽王食品有限公司 Lentinus edodes cultivation material by using wood chipping as raw material, and preparation method thereof
CN103641639A (en) * 2013-12-24 2014-03-19 齐鲁工业大学 Edible straw rotting fungus culture medium and preparation method thereof
CN103664349A (en) * 2013-11-15 2014-03-26 阜南县健生源食用菌开发有限公司 Pleurotus eryngii cultivation material taking beanstalk as raw material and preparation method thereof
CN103880514A (en) * 2014-04-16 2014-06-25 山西奥格姆农业科技有限公司 Compost of bag-cultivation pleurotus eryngil
CN103875458A (en) * 2014-04-16 2014-06-25 山西奥格姆农业科技有限公司 Method for shortening spawn running cycle of bagged cultivated pleurotus eryngii
CN104151066A (en) * 2014-07-31 2014-11-19 陆良爨乡绿园菇业有限公司 Pleurotus eryngii culture medium and preparation method thereof
CN104261934A (en) * 2014-09-18 2015-01-07 陕西杨凌天和生物科技有限责任公司 Culture material and culture process for culturing pleurotus eryngii by utilizing corn cob residues
CN105027977A (en) * 2015-07-31 2015-11-11 成都圣灵生物科技有限公司 Pleurotus eryngii cultivation method
CN105110849A (en) * 2015-08-13 2015-12-02 济南圣泉集团股份有限公司 Organic fertilizer containing xylose residues and preparation method therefor
CN105541446A (en) * 2015-10-14 2016-05-04 福建省中延菌菇业有限公司 Domestic fungus bag and production method thereof
CN105541440A (en) * 2016-02-04 2016-05-04 湖南省宇秀生物科技有限公司 Pleurotus eryngii cultivation material containing pleurotus eryngii residues and preparation method thereof
CN107473791A (en) * 2017-09-07 2017-12-15 连云港华泰食用菌有限公司 Planting almond abalone mushroom matrix
CN108373349A (en) * 2016-11-28 2018-08-07 防城港市奥氏蓝科技有限公司 A kind of Pleurotus eryngii culture medium ferment making technology
CN109275505A (en) * 2018-11-20 2019-01-29 山东泓森林业有限公司 A kind of compost of Pleurotus eryngii and preparation method thereof containing deep gloomy ash bits
CN112088719A (en) * 2020-09-10 2020-12-18 砀山野居农作物种植专业合作社 Method for culturing edible fungi

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Cited By (21)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103254000A (en) * 2013-06-05 2013-08-21 山东福禾菌业科技有限公司 Pleurotus eryngii compost formula
CN103333023A (en) * 2013-07-05 2013-10-02 邬金飞 Pleurotus eryngii cultivation material compatibility and manufacture method of cultivation material
CN103333024B (en) * 2013-07-18 2015-06-10 司天戎 Facilitating pleurotus eryngii culture medium and preparation method thereof
CN103333024A (en) * 2013-07-18 2013-10-02 司天戎 Facilitating pleurotus eryngii culture medium and preparation method thereof
CN103408369A (en) * 2013-08-08 2013-11-27 邬金飞 Compatibility and manufacturing method of Pleurotus eryngii cultivation material
CN103449908A (en) * 2013-08-15 2013-12-18 安徽中祝农业发展有限公司 Pleurotus eryngii culture medium and preparation method thereof
CN103508813A (en) * 2013-10-17 2014-01-15 安徽徽王食品有限公司 Lentinus edodes cultivation material by using wood chipping as raw material, and preparation method thereof
CN103664349A (en) * 2013-11-15 2014-03-26 阜南县健生源食用菌开发有限公司 Pleurotus eryngii cultivation material taking beanstalk as raw material and preparation method thereof
CN103641639A (en) * 2013-12-24 2014-03-19 齐鲁工业大学 Edible straw rotting fungus culture medium and preparation method thereof
CN103880514A (en) * 2014-04-16 2014-06-25 山西奥格姆农业科技有限公司 Compost of bag-cultivation pleurotus eryngil
CN103875458A (en) * 2014-04-16 2014-06-25 山西奥格姆农业科技有限公司 Method for shortening spawn running cycle of bagged cultivated pleurotus eryngii
CN104151066A (en) * 2014-07-31 2014-11-19 陆良爨乡绿园菇业有限公司 Pleurotus eryngii culture medium and preparation method thereof
CN104261934A (en) * 2014-09-18 2015-01-07 陕西杨凌天和生物科技有限责任公司 Culture material and culture process for culturing pleurotus eryngii by utilizing corn cob residues
CN105027977A (en) * 2015-07-31 2015-11-11 成都圣灵生物科技有限公司 Pleurotus eryngii cultivation method
CN105110849A (en) * 2015-08-13 2015-12-02 济南圣泉集团股份有限公司 Organic fertilizer containing xylose residues and preparation method therefor
CN105541446A (en) * 2015-10-14 2016-05-04 福建省中延菌菇业有限公司 Domestic fungus bag and production method thereof
CN105541440A (en) * 2016-02-04 2016-05-04 湖南省宇秀生物科技有限公司 Pleurotus eryngii cultivation material containing pleurotus eryngii residues and preparation method thereof
CN108373349A (en) * 2016-11-28 2018-08-07 防城港市奥氏蓝科技有限公司 A kind of Pleurotus eryngii culture medium ferment making technology
CN107473791A (en) * 2017-09-07 2017-12-15 连云港华泰食用菌有限公司 Planting almond abalone mushroom matrix
CN109275505A (en) * 2018-11-20 2019-01-29 山东泓森林业有限公司 A kind of compost of Pleurotus eryngii and preparation method thereof containing deep gloomy ash bits
CN112088719A (en) * 2020-09-10 2020-12-18 砀山野居农作物种植专业合作社 Method for culturing edible fungi

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Application publication date: 20120704