CN102433954A - Composite heat insulation sintered building block - Google Patents

Composite heat insulation sintered building block Download PDF

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Publication number
CN102433954A
CN102433954A CN2011103242225A CN201110324222A CN102433954A CN 102433954 A CN102433954 A CN 102433954A CN 2011103242225 A CN2011103242225 A CN 2011103242225A CN 201110324222 A CN201110324222 A CN 201110324222A CN 102433954 A CN102433954 A CN 102433954A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
building block
heat insulation
wall
sintered
groove
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Pending
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CN2011103242225A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
夏晓东
张圆
吉军
李庆繁
高连玉
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Shenyang Jianzhu University
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Shenyang Jianzhu University
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Priority to CN2011103242225A priority Critical patent/CN102433954A/en
Publication of CN102433954A publication Critical patent/CN102433954A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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Abstract

The invention discloses a composite heat insulation sintered building block. The composite heat insulation sintered building block consists of a sintered hollow building block and a heat insulation material filled in the hollow building block, and is in a shape of right-angled hexahedron; the composite heat insulation sintered building block comprises an outer wall, a longitudinal connecting rib, a transverse connecting rib, holes, a heat insulation groove, a heat insulation material filling butting groove, an air interlayer and the like; a top, a top outer wall, an inner side face outer wall and an outer side face outer wall form the composite heat insulation sintered building block in an encircling mode; the longitudinal connecting rib partitions the heat insulation sintered building block into two parts, and the heat insulation material is filled in the upper space; the air interlayer is formed between the heat insulation material and the longitudinal connecting rib; and the top butting groove is sunken to the top of the composite heat insulation sintered building block, so that the section of the composite heat insulation sintered building block is ''convex''. The building block is convenient and feasible in construction of a building mode. The protective layer of the building block well protects the heat insulation material and is favorable for fire proofing of a building; and the internally filled heat insulation material is affected little by the outdoor severe environment, and has the same service life as the building main body. The building block has little limitation on the decoration outside the building, and can be used for a complex bearing outer decoration veneer.

Description

A kind of complex heat-preservation sintered building block
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of complex heat-preservation sintered building block that is used for construction wall, particularly a kind of complex heat-preservation sintered building block that is applicable to that satisfying of external wall outer insulation is energy-conservation.
Background technology
According to interrelated data demonstration in the recent period; At present the annual power consumption total amount of China is near 3,000,000,000 tons (signature coals), and building uses energy consumption to account for 30% of social total energy consumption, and wherein heating and energy consumption for cooling account for the 50-80% of building use energy consumption; Therefore, architectural exterior-protecting construction is energy-conservation is significant.
The main body of architectural exterior-protecting construction is a body of wall; And the main material of masonry panel (also being that long-term use proves best) is a clinker brick; But; Traditional ordinary fired brick is difficult to reach the relevant criterion of building energy conservation) therefore, sintered porous thin-walled heat insulating building block has received people's generally attention.
Sintered porous thin-walled insulation blocks; Density is little, in light weight, and coefficient of thermal conductivity is low, and thermal transmittance is little; Save resource and manufacturing and the transportation energy; Being the sintering walling new varieties that Europe is greatly developed over nearly 30 years, is the field technology revolution on the clinker brick development history, in European building energy conservation, has brought into play huge effect.
Along with going deep into of China " wall changes " work; The raising that building energy conservation requires, the city new building of nationwide has realized carrying out energy-conservation 50% design standard, wherein; Nearly 1/2nd area comes into effect energy-conservation 65% design standard; Resultant is higher to the technical requirements of materials for wall and even whole brick-tile industry, and difficulty is bigger, task more urgently, heavier.Realize the standard of building energy conservation 65%, materials for wall then must possess: performances such as piece is big, light weight, high voidage, thin-walled, high-strength, thermal insulation and soundproof effect are good.Disclosed various self-heat preserving sintering building blocks in the recent period, its form multi-source still can satisfy energy-conservation requirement from the sintered building block in West Europe in China some areas, but uses heat insulation building block merely for severe cold and cold district, is difficult to satisfy energy-conservation requirement.In addition, the building block system in West Europe considers that the building aseismicity design is less, and all there is requirements for fortification against earthquake in the area more than 90% in China's construction land.Therefore, for the self-heat preserving sintering building block, both satisfied the performance requirement of terms of mechanics such as intensity, antidetonation, and satisfied the low thermal conductivity requirement again, the difficulty of realization is bigger.
How to utilize prior art also to improve, design a kind of suitable complex heat-preservation sintered building block, problem to be solved by this invention just.
Summary of the invention
The present invention is intended to overcome the weak point of existing heat preservation technology, and a kind of complex heat-preservation sintered building block with new structure is provided.Utilize and fill out heat insulating material in the sintered hollow building block and reach heat insulation effect, and cut off the heat bridge of building block self structure and masonry mortar, the enhancement heat preservation and energy conservation effects.
The objective of the invention is to realize through following technical scheme:
A kind of complex heat-preservation sintered building block is made up of sintered hollow building block and hollow interior heat insulating material of filling.Sintered hollow building block is to be primary raw material with clay, shale, gangue, flyash, mud (rivers lake silt) and other solid waste, the sintered hollow building block of processing through roasting that meets the current national codes standard.The heat insulating material of filling in it is a sheet material class organic or inorganic material.
The complex heat-preservation sintered building block; It is the heat insulating material group of being filled by sintered hollow building block and hollow interior; It is characterized in that: profile is the right angle hexahedron; Texturally comprise outer wall, vertical linkage rib, lateral ties rib, hole, insulation groove, filled thermal insulation materials docking groove, air space, masonry mortar groove, whitewash groove, heat insulating block and insulation bar, surrounded and formed the complex heat-preservation sintered building block by end face, end face outer wall, interior bar face outer wall, outer bar face outer wall, the vertical linkage rib is separated into two parts with the heat preservation sintering building block; Fill insulant material in the upper space; Between heat insulating material and vertical linkage rib, form air space, end face is to the recessed end face docking groove of complex heat-preservation sintered building block, and making complex heat-preservation sintered building block cross sectional shape is " protruding " font.Also has the bar shaped cavity in the air space front.End face outer wall, interior bar face outer wall outside also have the masonry mortar groove, and groove is whitewashed in outer bar face outer wall outside.The cross section of the heat insulating material of filling is a rectangle, and the cross section of air space is a rectangle.The complex heat-preservation sintered building block is two kinds of forms, and is a kind of for being the I type; A kind of is the II type, and the II type is that the secure bond of two I types is formed together, is one, and both junctions are built rib by laying bricks or stones in the middle of having one, and the centre is built by laying bricks or stones vertical small-sized hole is set above the rib, and its cross sectional shape is a rectangle, in small-sized hole front the insulation bar is housed.The masonry mortar groove is in order to strengthening the bonding of same intracutaneous two adjacent block, and promptly perpends is bonding.Two end face outer walls are being distinguished inside recessed certain size with the adjacent side of outer bar face outer wall; Between two adjacent hollow building block end faces, to form vertical (along short transverse) end face docking groove; Insert heat insulating material during construction within it; And guarantee that heat insulating material has certain thickness, be used to cut off the heat bridge of perpends between the building block.
Aforesaid complex heat-preservation sintered building block, the heat insulating material of its filling should be low water absorption material or high hydrophobic material, and are preferably the flame retardant type material.It highly all exceeds sintered hollow building block thickness of mortarat bed joint, i.e. 10mm.
Aforesaid complex heat-preservation sintered building block, its apparent size has following characteristic: the length of building block and highly should meet the size regulation of national existing sintered hollow block, sintered hollow building block class standard; The building block width relates to the energy-conservation requirement of different climatic provinces, different building storeys, can require specifically to confirm according to local building thermal technique, and should meet the requirement of (1/10) M modulus.The present invention selects a kind of example that is, I type master building block: long 590 * wide by 140 * high 290mm, II type master building block: long 290 * wide by 140 * high 290mm.
Aforesaid complex heat-preservation sintered building block, the wall thickness and the rib of its sintered hollow building block are thick, are calculated by structural bearing and confirm.
When building by laying bricks or stones, last hypodermis fissure of displacement overlap joint, the heat insulating material vertical non-alignment, the building block hole is built by laying bricks or stones rib hole, rib.At the building aseismicity fortified defence area, should between building block and body of wall agent structure, tension member or tension rib be set by a determining deviation, between building block simultaneously and the building block " U " type tension member should be set.
The present invention has following advantage:
The masonry way construction, simple and easy to do.The topping of building block to heat insulating material protection better helps building fire protection, and in fill out heat insulating material and receive the influence of outdoor adverse circumstances less, can be equal to the building body life-span.Few to the building exterior decoration restriction, can do complicated load-bearing exterior decoration facing.
Air space is left in the heat insulating material outside, is convenient to the body of wall hydrofuge, avoids interior decorative coat to produce because of body of wall makes moist and destroys.Hypodermis is communicated with on the air space in the heat insulating material outside, is beneficial to the discharge of the wet G&W of invading body of wall, avoids body of wall to make moist for a long time, and influences wall performance.
The material batch production is produced, and reduces the complex job program of on-the-spot problem of quality.Material industry production, finished product thermal insulation building block are dispatched from the factory and are qualified products, and the civil engineering operation procedure is only arranged at the scene, and the link that influences the exterior-wall heat insulation performance is few, is convenient to control quality.
Description of drawings
Fig. 1 is an I type master building block of the present invention slurry surface front view;
Fig. 2 is an II type master building block of the present invention slurry surface front view;
Fig. 3 is an I type master building block shaft side figure of the present invention;
Fig. 4 is an II type master building block shaft side figure of the present invention;
1 is I type master building block among the figure, the 2nd, and II type master building block, the 3rd, slurry surface, the 4th, end face, the 5th, interior bar face; The 6th, outer bar face, the 7th, interior bar face outer wall, the 8th, outer bar face outer wall, the 9th, end face outer wall, the 10th, the middle rib of building by laying bricks or stones; The 11st, vertical linkage rib, the 12nd, lateral ties rib, the 13rd, small-sized hole, the 14th, stripe shape hole, the 16th, end face docking groove; The 17th, air space, the 18th, the masonry mortar groove, the 19th, whitewash groove, the 20th, heat insulating material, the 21st, insulation bar.
The specific embodiment
With reference to the accompanying drawings the present invention is elaborated.
Insulation blocks has generally been produced, comparative maturity.Press the production of accompanying drawing die sinking tool and get final product complex heat-preservation sintered building block of the present invention, form by sintered hollow building block and hollow interior heat insulating material of filling.Sintered hollow building block is for being primary raw material with clay, shale, gangue, flyash, mud (rivers lake silt) and other solid waste, the sintered hollow building block of processing through roasting that meets the current national codes standard.
Aforesaid sintered hollow building block, its external form is essentially the right angle hexahedron, is divided into slurry surface, end face, bar face.It is textural to comprise outer wall, the centre is built rib, vertical linkage class, lateral ties class, hole, insulation groove, end face docking groove, air space, masonry mortar groove by laying bricks or stones, whitewashed groove, heat insulating block, insulation bar.
Bar face and outer bar face in aforesaid sintered hollow building block, its two bar faces are divided into, the building block outer wall of interior bar face is provided with the masonry mortar groove, is connected with building by laying bricks or stones of agent structure in order to strengthen sintered hollow building block, and guarantees adhesion strength.The overall width of masonry mortar groove should surpass 50% of mortar pin groove place block faces width.Outer bar face outer wall is provided with and whitewashes groove, is used to strengthen to plaster with outside finish or the combining of other exterior trim surface layer adhesive mortar.
Aforesaid sintered hollow building block, its with two end face outer walls of the adjacent side of interior bar face outer wall on also be respectively equipped with the masonry mortar groove, in order to strengthen the bonding of same intracutaneous two adjacent block, promptly perpends is bonding.Two end face outer walls are being distinguished inside recessed certain size with the adjacent side of outer bar face outer wall; Between two adjacent hollow building block end faces, to form vertical (along short transverse) docking groove; Insert heat insulating material during construction within it; And guarantee that heat insulating material has certain thickness, be used to cut off the heat bridge of perpends between the building block.
Aforesaid sintered hollow building block is divided into master's building block of I type and II type master building block on its main building block type.
Building rib by laying bricks or stones in the middle of being provided with in the middle of the I type master building block, is the adhesive surface of going up hypodermis blockhouse masonry mortar.Build rib by laying bricks or stones with the centre of the adjacent part of interior bar face outer wall and guarantee certain width; Perpends in order to the building block of support epithelium; The centre is built rib inside by laying bricks or stones can open several vertical (along short transverse) holes, builds rib and the outer adjacent part of bar face outer wall by laying bricks or stones in the centre, and it is extremely consistent with end face outer wall recess dimensions to strengthen width; And reserve vertical (along short transverse) hole of filling out heat insulating material therein, in hole, insert heat insulating material.
Aforesaid I type master building block; Build by laying bricks or stones in its end face outer wall recess and centre the vertical linkage rib is set respectively between the rib widened section; At each vertical linkage rib lateral ties rib at least is set between relative separately outer bar face outer wall, remainder is hole therebetween.
Aforesaid I type master building block; In its end face outer wall, centre are built the vertical hole of " protruding " font that surrounds formation between rib, end face outer wall recess and the inner vertical linkage rib by laying bricks or stones; Insert heat insulating material; Heat insulating material except that and inner vertical linkage rib between leave the air space, remainder all is close to building block hole inwall.
II type master building block, length are the half the of I type master building block, and width is consistent with I type master building block with height, structure and I type master building block basically identical, but build rib in the middle of not having by laying bricks or stones.Between its end face outer wall, end face outer wall recess and inner vertical linkage rib, surround in the vertical hole of " protruding " font of formation; Insert heat insulating material; Heat insulating material except that and inner vertical linkage rib between leave the air space, remainder all is close to building block hole inwall.
Aforesaid I type master building block, its length is 590mm.

Claims (5)

1. complex heat-preservation sintered building block; It is the heat insulating material group of being filled by sintered hollow building block and hollow interior; It is characterized in that: profile is the right angle hexahedron; Texturally comprise outer wall, vertical linkage rib, lateral ties rib, hole, insulation groove, filled thermal insulation materials docking groove, air space, masonry mortar groove, whitewash groove, heat insulating block and insulation bar; Surround by end face (4), end face outer wall (9), interior bar face outer wall (7), outer bar face outer wall (8) and to form the complex heat-preservation sintered building block; Vertical linkage rib (11) is separated into two parts with the heat preservation sintering building block, and fill insulant material (20) in the upper space forms air space (17) between heat insulating material (20) and vertical linkage rib (11); End face (4) is to the recessed end face docking groove (16) of complex heat-preservation sintered building block, and making complex heat-preservation sintered building block cross sectional shape is " protruding " font.
2. a kind of complex heat-preservation sintered building block according to claim 1 is characterized in that: also have bar shaped cavity (14) in air space (17) front.
3. according to the described a kind of complex heat-preservation sintered building block of claim l, it is characterized in that: end face outer wall (9), interior bar face outer wall (7) outside also have masonry mortar groove (18), and groove (19) is whitewashed in outer bar face outer wall (8) outside.
4. according to the described a kind of complex heat-preservation sintered building block of claim l, it is characterized in that: the cross section of the heat insulating material of filling (20) is a rectangle, and the cross section of air space (17) is a rectangle.
5. a kind of complex heat-preservation sintered building block according to claim 1 is characterized in that: the complex heat-preservation sintered building block is two kinds of forms, and is a kind of for being the I type; A kind of is the II type, and the II type is that the secure bond of two I types is formed together, is one; In the middle of having one, both junctions build rib (10) by laying bricks or stones; The centre is built by laying bricks or stones vertical small-sized hole (13) is set above the rib (10), and its cross sectional shape is a rectangle, and insulation bar (21) is housed in small-sized hole (13) front.
CN2011103242225A 2011-10-24 2011-10-24 Composite heat insulation sintered building block Pending CN102433954A (en)

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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN113818626A (en) * 2021-09-18 2021-12-21 来安县九久新型建材有限公司 Detachable movable hollow brick

Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN2584699Y (en) * 2002-08-07 2003-11-05 北京源洁管材制造有限公司 Concrete hollow building blocks
CN2880961Y (en) * 2005-11-17 2007-03-21 上海奥伯实业有限公司 Composite heat insulating brick or building block
CN201214847Y (en) * 2008-06-30 2009-04-01 河北中原工程项目管理有限公司 Hollow thermal insulation building block
CN201874136U (en) * 2010-11-17 2011-06-22 鹤岗市神华节能墙材有限公司 Long hole combined high-temperature preservation building block brick
EP2374957A1 (en) * 2010-04-06 2011-10-12 Fixolite, société anonyme Process for manufacturing an insulating composite building block and block produced by this process
CN202430887U (en) * 2011-10-24 2012-09-12 沈阳建筑大学 Composite thermal insulation sintered building block

Patent Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN2584699Y (en) * 2002-08-07 2003-11-05 北京源洁管材制造有限公司 Concrete hollow building blocks
CN2880961Y (en) * 2005-11-17 2007-03-21 上海奥伯实业有限公司 Composite heat insulating brick or building block
CN201214847Y (en) * 2008-06-30 2009-04-01 河北中原工程项目管理有限公司 Hollow thermal insulation building block
EP2374957A1 (en) * 2010-04-06 2011-10-12 Fixolite, société anonyme Process for manufacturing an insulating composite building block and block produced by this process
CN201874136U (en) * 2010-11-17 2011-06-22 鹤岗市神华节能墙材有限公司 Long hole combined high-temperature preservation building block brick
CN202430887U (en) * 2011-10-24 2012-09-12 沈阳建筑大学 Composite thermal insulation sintered building block

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN113818626A (en) * 2021-09-18 2021-12-21 来安县九久新型建材有限公司 Detachable movable hollow brick

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Application publication date: 20120502