CN102322161A - Composite system for poultry cultivation and vegetable planting - Google Patents

Composite system for poultry cultivation and vegetable planting Download PDF

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Publication number
CN102322161A
CN102322161A CN201110168961A CN201110168961A CN102322161A CN 102322161 A CN102322161 A CN 102322161A CN 201110168961 A CN201110168961 A CN 201110168961A CN 201110168961 A CN201110168961 A CN 201110168961A CN 102322161 A CN102322161 A CN 102322161A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
pouity dwelling
hybrid
ventilation stack
air intake
dwelling place
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CN201110168961A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN102322161B (en
Inventor
宁中华
邢晓红
张岩
刘龙
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China Agricultural University
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China Agricultural University
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Publication of CN102322161B publication Critical patent/CN102322161B/en
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02ATECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02A40/00Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production
    • Y02A40/10Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production in agriculture
    • Y02A40/25Greenhouse technology, e.g. cooling systems therefor

Abstract

The invention discloses a composite system for poultry cultivation and vegetable planting. The composite system comprises a plurality of poultry houses arranged underground and vegetable greenhouses arranged above the plurality of poultry houses; a plurality of daylight lamps are arranged in each poultry house and a ventilating duct is arranged between every two adjacent poultry houses; and the ventilating duct comprises an upper ventilating duct and a lower ventilating duct; sterilizing lamps are arranged in both the upper ventilating duct and the lower ventilating duct; an air inlet is arranged on the ground corresponding to one end of the upper ventilating duct; the end part of the upper ventilating duct which is opposite to the air inlet is arranged to be in communication with the end part of the lower ventilating duct; the end part of the lower ventilating duct which is corresponding to the air inlet is arranged to be in communication with one poultry house; a plurality of air outlets are arranged on the end part, where the poultry house is opposite to the air inlet; and a plurality of air inlet holes are arranged on the walls of the vegetable greenhouses, and the air inlet holes are communicated with the air outlets. The composite system for poultry cultivation and vegetable planting can be used by the cultivation farms or the planting farms that are intended to engage in poultry cultivation and vegetable planting.

Description

A kind of bird is cultured the hybrid system with growing vegetables
Technical field
The present invention relates to the hybrid system of a kind of bird breed and growing vegetables.
Background technology
Along with growth in the living standard; People are also increasingly high to the requirement of food nutrition collocation; Egg becomes the important source of people's albumen absorption because of its good nutritive value and relatively cheap price; Simultaneously people are also increasing for the demand of vegetables, in soil and the today of being becoming tight cultivated land resource day, create a kind ofly being significant at the novel aquaculture model that can raise chickens and can plant vegetables with a slice ground.That the hen house of raising laying hen is divided into is open, three types of semi open model and closeds.Open and semi open model hen house receive the influence of external environment easily and cause the decline and the instability of production performance; The closed hen house can reduce even eliminate the influence of environment in the outer bound pair hen house through measures such as artificial lighting, mechanical ventilation and Temperature and Humidity Control, helps the good and stable performance of laying hen production performance.Underground hen house is a kind of special closed hen house.The greenhouse gardening vegetables help temperature because of it, and the control of some environmental factors such as humidity can be planted vegetables in improper season or let vegetables earlier put goods on the market widely-used by people to produce bigger benefit.The hen house exhaust gas discharged mainly is CO 2And NH 3, CO 2Be the raw material of photosynthesis of plant, NH 3Can combine to form ammoniacal liquor with water and by plant utilization.
Summary of the invention
The hybrid system that the purpose of this invention is to provide a kind of bird breed and growing vegetables can supply to have a mind to be engaged in the plant or the plantation use of bird breed and planting vegetable in greenhouse.
A kind of bird provided by the invention is cultured and the hybrid system of growing vegetables comprises that some are located at underground pouity dwelling place and the green house of vegetables of being located at the top of said some pouity dwelling places; Be provided with several fluorescence lamps in every said pouity dwelling place; Be provided with ventilation stack between every adjacent two said pouity dwelling places, said ventilation stack comprises ventilation stack and following ventilation stack; Said going up in ventilation stack and the following ventilation stack is equipped with sterilamp; Said corresponding ground of going up an end of ventilation stack is provided with air intake; The end of relative with said air intake said end of going up ventilation stack and said ventilation stack down is for communicating setting, with the end of the accordingly said ventilation stack down of said air intake and said pouity dwelling place for communicating setting; The end that said pouity dwelling place is relative with said air intake is provided with several air outlets; The wall of said green house of vegetables is provided with several air inlets, and said air inlet is connected with said air outlet.
In the above-mentioned hybrid system, said green house of vegetables be located at said pouity dwelling place directly over, promptly the length of said green house of vegetables is identical with the length and the width of said pouity dwelling place with width.
In the above-mentioned hybrid system, all can be provided with the cage in three row, two aisle in each said pouity dwelling place; Each said cage comprises several layers staged fowl cage.
In the above-mentioned hybrid system, each said cage comprises three layers of staged fowl cage.
In the above-mentioned hybrid system, said air intake place can be provided with wet curtain, has the effect of humidification, cooling and filtered air.
In the above-mentioned hybrid system, can be provided with between storing on said pouity dwelling place and the said air intake respective end portions; The end that said pouity dwelling place is relative with said air intake is provided with the defecation device, in time the ight soil that produces is discharged said pouity dwelling place.
In the above-mentioned hybrid system, can be provided with elevator on said pouity dwelling place and the said air intake respective end portions, be convenient to manual work and carry out work.
In the above-mentioned hybrid system, the wall of said green house of vegetables can be the cement wall.
Bird provided by the invention is cultured and the hybrid system of growing vegetables has following beneficial effect:
1) the soil contention contradictory problems of aquaculture and plant husbandry: it is basic that traditional aquaculture and plant husbandry all need with the soil, has the problem of soil contention.Novel aquaculture model provided by the invention is built in pouity dwelling place underground, and booth is built on the ground, on same block of soil, has realized the combination of aquaculture and plant husbandry, efficiently solves the soil contention problem of aquaculture and plant husbandry.
2) control problem of pouity dwelling place environment: traditional pouity dwelling place is divided into three types of open, semi open model and closeds.Open and semi open model pouity dwelling place are subject to the influence of extraneous various ambient conditionss and cause the decline and the instability of a fowl production performance; The closed pouity dwelling place do not receive ambient light according to the influence of wind-force, thereby but in the house temperature change with the variation of ambient temperature easily and cause on environment is controlled, needing the higher cost input.Underground pouity dwelling place is a kind of special closed pouity dwelling place; It neither receives the influence of ambient light photograph and wind-force; Can utilize specific heat big characteristic in soil to make that the air that gets into underground pouity dwelling place is cool in summer and warm in winter through special draft type again, thereby reach the effect of controlling the pouity dwelling place environment well.
3) pouity dwelling place exhaust gas discharging problem: pouity dwelling place exhaust gas discharging problem receives people's common concern always, wherein with CO 2, NH 3Content higher.The present invention is with underground pouity dwelling place and booth combination on the ground, and the air of underground pouity dwelling place is introduced into booth, incites somebody to action CO wherein simultaneously 2, NH 3Bring into for the booth vegetable utilization Deng waste gas, and then return the external world, arrived the effect of energy-saving and emission-reduction from the steam vent of booth.
Description of drawings
Fig. 1 is the cross-sectional view of the hybrid system of the embodiment of the invention 1.
Fig. 2 is the circulation of air wiring diagram of underground hen house of the hybrid system of the embodiment of the invention 1.
Fig. 3 is the circulation of air wiring diagram of ventilation stack of the hybrid system of the embodiment of the invention 1.
Each mark is following among the figure: between ventilation stack on 1 hen house, 2 booths, 3 fluorescence lamps, 4,5 times ventilation stacks, 6 chicken coops, 7 air intakes, 8 storings, 9 elevators, 10 air outlets, 11 wet curtains.
The specific embodiment
Below in conjunction with specific embodiment the present invention is further specified, but the present invention is not limited to following examples.
Embodiment 1, underground raising chickens and the hybrid system that plants vegetables on the ground
(1) structure of underground hen house: underground hen house 1 comprise symmetry about two, between two hen houses 1 for being divided into bilevel sterilization ventilation stack: go up ventilation stack 4 and following ventilation stack 5; Every hen house 1 long 60m, high 2.8m, wide 6m, every in the hen house 1 at a distance from 3 meters; If 1 24w fluorescence lamp 3 adopts the cage modes of emplacement in three row, two aisle in the hen house 1, chicken coop 6 is 3 layers of staged, high 1.64m; The wide 0.96m of coprodaecum, the wide 1.08m in aisle, every shelfful can be supported about 5000 chickens; The wide 3m of ventilation stack, every floor height 1.4m; Air intake 7 is located on the corresponding ground of sterilization ventilation stack one side, communicates with its upper strata, and air intake 7 places are provided with wet curtain 11, have the effect of humidification, cooling and filtered air; Be provided with the ultraviolet disinfecting (not shown) in last ventilation stack 4 and the following ventilation stack 5; 9 one in elevator is established in the end of every hen house 1 of air intake 7 one sides, one of escape hatch (not shown), between storing 8 one; The end of the last ventilation stack 4 relative with air intake 7 is the setting that communicates with the end of following ventilation stack 5, with the end of air intake 7 corresponding ventilation stacks 5 down and two hen houses 1 for communicating setting; Every hen house 1 and air intake 7 are equipped with 2 air outlets 10 and 1 chicken manure conveyer (not shown) on the relative end, and each air outlet 10 place is provided with 1 exhaust blower;
(2) structure of booth on the ground: booth 2 is totally two on the ground, lay respectively at two hen houses 1 directly over; The length of booth 2 is identical with the length and the width of hen house 1 with width, and back wall height is 2.5m; The back wall of booth 2 and side wall are cement wall; The 2m place is provided with the air inlet (not shown) on the wall wall height of booth 2, and each air inlet links to each other with the air outlet 10 of hen house.
(3) ancillary facility makes up on the ground: hen house peripheral hardware septic tank, link to each other with the chicken manure conveyer, and be used to store chicken manure with to be used.
In the above-mentioned hybrid system; Underground hen house adopts exhaust ventilation; The circulation of air circuit is as shown in Figures 2 and 3: air gets into from the face of land air intake of hen house one side, and the opposite side that flow to hen house through the upper strata ventilation stack gets into lower floor's ventilation stack, flow to the air intake oral-lateral of hen house once more through ventilation stack lower floor; Get into the underground hen house of ventilation stack both sides, the opposite side from the air intake side flow of hen house to hen house gets into air outlet then; Air gets into green house of vegetables through the air outlet of hen house, and the steam vent by booth returns the external world then.
Temperature to underground hen house, ground booth and outside air in this instance is carried out measurement for three days on end; The result shows underground hen house temperature stabilization, does not receive the influence of outside air temperature basically, and greenhouse temperature changes greatly; And receive the influence of ambient temperature, the result sees for details shown in the table 1.
Table 1 not the different measuring point thermometers of same date (℃)
The brown commodity egg of Luo Man of 250 ages in days that underground hen house in this instance is raised carries out 5 days performance test by a definite date, and the result shows well, and average data is as shown in table 2.
The underground hen house laying hen of table 2 production performance statistical form
Can know that from above experimental data underground breed provided by the invention has following advantage with the hybrid system that plants vegetables on the ground:
(1) hen house is built in undergroundly, and booth is built on the hen house, makes full use of the soil, economizes on resources.
(2) hen house is positioned at below the face of land, does not receive the influence of ambient light photograph fully, does not receive the influence of ambient noise basically, receives the influence of outside air temperature minimum, helps the stable of the interior environment of hen house.
(3) outside air can reach the effect of ultraviolet disinfection and ground temperature preheating through ventilation stack the time, can effectively improve air quality in the hen house behind the entering hen house.
(4) waste gas in the hen house gets into the temperature that booth can improve booth, the CO in the waste gas 2And NH 3Can be utilized directly or indirectly by plant, make this kind breed pattern become the aquaculture model of energy-saving and emission-reduction.
Hybrid system provided by the invention can also be cultured other bird and the various vegetables of plantation.

Claims (8)

1. a bird is cultured the hybrid system with growing vegetables, and it is characterized in that: said hybrid system comprises that some are located at underground pouity dwelling place and the green house of vegetables of being located at the top of said some pouity dwelling places; Be provided with several fluorescence lamps in every said pouity dwelling place; Be provided with ventilation stack between every adjacent two said pouity dwelling places, said ventilation stack comprises ventilation stack and following ventilation stack; Said going up in ventilation stack and the following ventilation stack is equipped with sterilamp; Said corresponding ground of going up an end of ventilation stack is provided with air intake; The end of relative with said air intake said end of going up ventilation stack and said ventilation stack down is for communicating setting, with the end of the accordingly said ventilation stack down of said air intake and said pouity dwelling place for communicating setting; The end that said pouity dwelling place is relative with said air intake is provided with several air outlets; The wall of said green house of vegetables is provided with several air inlets, and said air inlet is connected with said air outlet.
2. hybrid system according to claim 1 is characterized in that: said green house of vegetables be located at said pouity dwelling place directly over.
3. hybrid system according to claim 1 and 2 is characterized in that: the cage that is equipped with three row, two aisle in each said pouity dwelling place; Each said cage comprises several layers staged fowl cage.
4. hybrid system according to claim 3 is characterized in that: each said cage comprises three layers of staged fowl cage.
5. according to arbitrary described hybrid system among the claim 1-4, it is characterized in that: said air intake place is provided with wet curtain.
6. according to arbitrary described hybrid system among the claim 1-5, it is characterized in that: said pouity dwelling place and said air intake respective end portions are provided with between storing; The end that said pouity dwelling place is relative with said air intake is provided with the defecation device.
7. according to arbitrary described hybrid system among the claim 1-6, it is characterized in that: said pouity dwelling place and said air intake respective end portions are provided with elevator.
8. according to arbitrary described hybrid system among the claim 1-7, it is characterized in that: the wall of said green house of vegetables is the cement wall.
CN201110168961XA 2011-06-22 2011-06-22 Composite system for poultry cultivation and vegetable planting Expired - Fee Related CN102322161B (en)

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CN201110168961XA CN102322161B (en) 2011-06-22 2011-06-22 Composite system for poultry cultivation and vegetable planting

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201110168961XA CN102322161B (en) 2011-06-22 2011-06-22 Composite system for poultry cultivation and vegetable planting

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CN102322161A true CN102322161A (en) 2012-01-18
CN102322161B CN102322161B (en) 2013-09-18

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Cited By (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103168704A (en) * 2013-04-02 2013-06-26 哈尔滨工业大学 Energy-saving and environmental-friendly type quaternity ecological greenhouse
CN103277720A (en) * 2013-06-09 2013-09-04 上海宏源照明电器有限公司 Poultry house intelligent lighting system conducive to prevention of bird flu
CN103583377A (en) * 2013-09-05 2014-02-19 北京凡元兴科技有限公司 Ecological cow and sheep house
CN104855302A (en) * 2015-05-12 2015-08-26 冯从胜 Chicken breeding shed
CN105165655A (en) * 2015-09-15 2015-12-23 山东省农业科学院家禽研究所 Local chicken breeding greenhouse with chickens and vegetables therein at same time and local chicken breeding method
CN106804329A (en) * 2016-12-23 2017-06-09 五河县翔宇肉鸽专业合作社 A kind of greenhouse gardening mixes the method for breeding with pigeon for meat

Citations (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN1391791A (en) * 2001-06-19 2003-01-22 唐增生 Comprehensively green ecological chain planting and cultivating method
CN101107914A (en) * 2007-08-04 2008-01-23 王京平 Five parts integrated combined type ecological greenhouse
CN201635440U (en) * 2010-04-12 2010-11-17 枣强县瑞发祥生态农业科技发展有限公司 Ecological planting and breeding integrated tent shed

Patent Citations (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN1391791A (en) * 2001-06-19 2003-01-22 唐增生 Comprehensively green ecological chain planting and cultivating method
CN101107914A (en) * 2007-08-04 2008-01-23 王京平 Five parts integrated combined type ecological greenhouse
CN201635440U (en) * 2010-04-12 2010-11-17 枣强县瑞发祥生态农业科技发展有限公司 Ecological planting and breeding integrated tent shed

Cited By (8)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103168704A (en) * 2013-04-02 2013-06-26 哈尔滨工业大学 Energy-saving and environmental-friendly type quaternity ecological greenhouse
CN103168704B (en) * 2013-04-02 2014-12-17 哈尔滨工业大学 Greenhouse planting and cultivating method
CN103277720A (en) * 2013-06-09 2013-09-04 上海宏源照明电器有限公司 Poultry house intelligent lighting system conducive to prevention of bird flu
CN103583377A (en) * 2013-09-05 2014-02-19 北京凡元兴科技有限公司 Ecological cow and sheep house
CN103583377B (en) * 2013-09-05 2015-08-19 周庆芬 A kind of ecological cattle and sheep house
CN104855302A (en) * 2015-05-12 2015-08-26 冯从胜 Chicken breeding shed
CN105165655A (en) * 2015-09-15 2015-12-23 山东省农业科学院家禽研究所 Local chicken breeding greenhouse with chickens and vegetables therein at same time and local chicken breeding method
CN106804329A (en) * 2016-12-23 2017-06-09 五河县翔宇肉鸽专业合作社 A kind of greenhouse gardening mixes the method for breeding with pigeon for meat

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