CN102283170A - Low-carbon ecological breeding system for turtles - Google Patents

Low-carbon ecological breeding system for turtles Download PDF

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Publication number
CN102283170A
CN102283170A CN2011101857719A CN201110185771A CN102283170A CN 102283170 A CN102283170 A CN 102283170A CN 2011101857719 A CN2011101857719 A CN 2011101857719A CN 201110185771 A CN201110185771 A CN 201110185771A CN 102283170 A CN102283170 A CN 102283170A
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China
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soft
shelled turtle
laying
ecological
asbestos shingle
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CN2011101857719A
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CN102283170B (en
Inventor
蒋业林
陈华良
崔凯
李翔
侯冠军
钱朝兵
蒋涛
孙明
李松
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Fisheries Research Institute of Anhui AAS
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Fisheries Research Institute of Anhui AAS
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Abstract

The invention relates to an ecological aquaculture system, in particular to a low-carbon ecological breeding system for turtles, which comprises two adjacent ecological culture ponds and is characterized in that: a plurality of spawning rooms are formed in an area between the two ecological culture ponds; mounting pieces are arranged at the bottom of the spawning rooms and suspends inclined asbestos tile ladders through ropes; one end of the asbestos tile ladders is close to the spawning rooms and the other end of the asbestos tile ladders is under water; rectangular empty grooves are formed on the ground of the spawning rooms; and vertical asbestos tiles are placed in the spawning rooms, and the bottom ends of the asbestos tiles pass through the rectangular empty grooves and placed on the upper parts of the inclined asbestos tile ladders. The low-carbon ecological breeding system for turtles can obviously improve the growth and spawning system of the turtles and effectively improve the survival rate of the turtles and the turtle eggs, and has a great significance for the development of the ecological culture of turtles.

Description

Soft-shelled turtle low-carbon ecological cultivating system
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of ecological aquaculture system, specifically relate to a kind of soft-shelled turtle low-carbon ecological cultivating system.
Background technology
Traditional breeding soft-shell turtle system is simple pond, can't satisfy the condition that the frequent needs of soft-shelled turtle are got sun.In addition, many soft-shelled turtles easily bait, fight, and have a strong impact on raiser's economic interests; The laying coop structure is simple and crude, cause phenomenons such as the soft-shelled turtle egg hatching rate is lower to have a strong impact on the development prospect of breeding soft-shell turtle.
Summary of the invention
Technical problem to be solved by this invention is that a kind of soft-shelled turtle low-carbon ecological cultivating system that can effectively solve the problem of laying eggs is provided.
The technical solution used in the present invention is as follows:
Soft-shelled turtle low-carbon ecological cultivating system, comprise two adjacent ecological culture ponds, it is characterized in that, two zone lines of culturing the pond are provided with a plurality of laying coops, the bottom of described laying coop is provided with installed part, installed part is hung with the asbestos shingle cat ladder of inclination by rope, one end of described asbestos shingle cat ladder is near laying coop, the other end stretches into below the horizontal plane, laying coop ground has the rectangle dead slot, be provided with the asbestos shingle of vertical placement in the laying coop, the rectangle dead slot is passed in the asbestos shingle bottom, and places the asbestos shingle cat ladder top of inclination.
Further, the angle of described asbestos shingle cat ladder and horizontal plane is the 30-45 degree.
The close both sides of culturing the pond of described laying coop all are equipped with the asbestos shingle cat ladder of inclination, are equipped with vertical asbestos shingle near the both sides of culturing the pond in the laying coop.
The described flooring of laying eggs is placed with the open-topped cuboid box of laying eggs, and is covered with vermiculite in the box of laying eggs, and the vermiculite laying depth is the 1/3-1/2 of box height of laying eggs.
Comparatively perfect is, laying coop over against the dykes and dams in breed pond be provided with installed part, installed part shines back of the body platform by the asbestos shingle that rope is hung with inclination, the upper end that described asbestos shingle shines back of the body platform is apart from culturing pond dykes and dams 10-20cm, the bottom is stretched into below the horizontal plane.
Comparatively perfect is that described ecological culture pond is added with the EM probiotics by FAMS circular water treating system water quality treatment in the ecological culture pond.
Comparatively perfect is, the upper fixed in described breed pond has support bar, and by the rope screen cloth that suspended, screen cloth stretches into below the horizontal plane on the support bar.
Further, described screen cloth is umbrella, adopts the ligation of polyethylene knotless net to form.
Further, be fixed with the compressed air inlet pipe on the described support bar, described compressed air inlet pipe one end is connected with air compressor, and the other end is connected with the microcellular rubber coil pipe, and the microcellular rubber coil pipe stretches into below the horizontal plane.
Comparatively perfect is, the bottom of described ecological pool also is equipped with oxygen increasing tube, and described oxygen increasing tube is connected with air compressor, and oxygen increasing tube is tubular, and the surface has micropore.
Soft-shelled turtle low-carbon ecological cultivating system of the present invention has been done comparatively significantly growth, the system of laying eggs of soft-shelled turtle and have been improved, and can effectively improve the survival rate of soft-shelled turtle and soft-shelled turtle ovum, and the development of soft-shelled turtle ecologic breeding pattern is had significant meaning.
Description of drawings
For the ease of it will be appreciated by those skilled in the art that the present invention is further illustrated below in conjunction with accompanying drawing.
Fig. 1 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention.
Fig. 2 is the structural representation of micropore oxygen increasing tube.
Fig. 3 is the microcellular rubber coil pipe.
Embodiment
As Figure 1-3, soft-shelled turtle low-carbon ecological cultivating system, comprise two adjacent ecological culture ponds 1, two zone lines (dykes and dams 19) of culturing pond 1 are provided with a plurality of laying coops 2, two side bottoms of each laying coop 2 are provided with installed part 20, installed part 20 is hung with the asbestos shingle cat ladder 7 of inclination by rope 6, one end of asbestos shingle cat ladder 7 is near laying coop 2, the other end stretches into below the horizontal plane, both sides, laying coop 2 ground have the rectangle dead slot, both sides are equipped with the asbestos shingle 4 of vertical placement in the laying coop, the rectangle dead slot is passed in asbestos shingle 4 bottoms, and placing asbestos shingle cat ladder 7 tops of inclination, asbestos shingle cat ladder 7 is preferably the 30-45 degree with the angle of horizontal plane, is convenient to soft-shelled turtle and enters laying coop 2 by asbestos shingle cat ladder 7 and lay eggs.
Being convenient to soft-shelled turtle lays eggs; ground is placed with the open-topped cuboid box 5 of laying eggs in laying coop 2; lay eggs and be covered with vermiculite in the box 5; the vermiculite laying depth is the 1/3-1/2 of box height of laying eggs; vermiculite can effectively be protected the soft-shelled turtle ovum; substituted traditional sandstone or wood chip, the situation that the incubation rate of effectively having avoided the soft-shelled turtle ovum caused by disease is low occurs.In addition, vermiculite is lighter, good permeability, and the box 5 of laying eggs need not move to the hatching house, gets final product artificial natural hatching soft-shelled turtle ovum, has reduced because of moving the damage of the soft-shelled turtle ovum that causes.
Asbestos shingle 4 is put into the rectangle dead slot, and with asbestos shingle cat ladder 7, can cut off the circuit of creeping of soft-shelled turtle, force soft-shelled turtle to select other laying coops to lay eggs, the asbestos shingle cat ladder 7 of this moment also can be used as the solarization back of the body place of bathing in the sunshine for soft-shelled turtle.
The open and close of the asbestos shingle 4 by adjusting a plurality of laying coops 2, thereby to effectively controlling and select in the place that soft-shelled turtle lays eggs, stopped when soft-shelled turtle lays eggs once more the soft-shelled turtle ovum in the box 5 of laying eggs to be caused the appearance of stirring the extruding phenomenon, thereby improved the survival rate of soft-shelled turtle ovum, improved the incubation rate of soft-shelled turtle ovum indirectly.
Laying coop 2 over against the dykes and dams 3 in breed pond 1 be provided with installed part 14, installed part 14 shines back of the body platform 16 by the asbestos shingle that rope 15 is hung with inclination, asbestos shingle shines the upper end of back of the body platform 16 apart from dykes and dams 3 about 10-20cm, prevent that soft-shelled turtle from climbing to dykes and dams 3 by asbestos shingle solarization back of the body platform 16, asbestos shingle shines back of the body platform 16 bottoms and stretches into below the horizontal plane, so that can easily climbing to asbestos shingle solarization back of the body platform 16, soft-shelled turtle bathes in the sunshine, resistance is moderate because the soft-shelled turtle that asbestos shingle provided creeps, and be difficult for the soft-shelled turtle belly is frayed, have strong using value.Traditional solarization back of the body device mainly adopts reticulate body, and soft-shelled turtle is in crawling process, and the soft-shelled turtle pawl is stumbled by mesh easily, is unfavorable for the solarization back of the body of soft-shelled turtle.
Perch for the ease of soft-shelled turtle, and prevent baiting between the soft-shelled turtle, in the upper fixed of culturing pond 1 support bar 8 is arranged, on the support bar 8 by rope 10 screen cloth 12 that suspended, screen cloth stretches into below the horizontal plane, screen cloth is umbrella, adopts the ligation of polyethylene knotless net to form, and screen cloth can be set up a plurality of, decide on the breed scale, its objective is for soft-shelled turtle and perch, and prevent mutual baiting between the soft-shelled turtle, thereby improve survival rate and the growth rate of soft-shelled turtle.
In addition, the present invention also provides two kinds of devices that improve breed pond dissolved oxygen content: microcellular rubber coil pipe 11 and oxygen increasing tube 13.
Be fixed with compressed air inlet pipe 9 on support bar 8, compressed air inlet pipe 9 one ends are connected with air compressor, and the other end is connected with microcellular rubber coil pipe 11, and microcellular rubber coil pipe 11 stretches into below the horizontal plane, and microcellular rubber coil pipe 11 surfaces have micropore 18.
The bottom of ecological pool 1 also is equipped with oxygen increasing tube 13, and oxygen increasing tube 13 is connected with air compressor, and oxygen increasing tube 13 is tubular, and the surface has micropore 17.
By above two kinds of oxygen-increasing devices, can effectively ensure the dissolved oxygen content of culturing in the pond, guarantee the breed needs of soft-shelled turtle, improve survival rate and the growth rate of soft-shelled turtle.
Simultaneously, the present invention also improves the survival rate of soft-shelled turtle from the another one angle: ecological culture pond 1 is connected with the FAMS circular water treating system 21 that is rich in aquatic macrophyte, and in culturing the water in pond 1, add the EM probiotics, the EM bacterium is breeding in a large number in water body, makes aquatic macrophyte increase the water body dissolved oxygen by photosynthesis, and the dissolved inorganic carbon in the water is changed into organic carbon, reduce emission of carbon-dioxide, reach the low-carbon (LC) requirement, and the degradation water body pollution, purify water.
Above content only is to structure example of the present invention and explanation; under those skilled in the art described specific embodiment is made various modifications or replenish or adopt similar mode to substitute; only otherwise depart from the structure of invention or surmount the defined scope of these claims, all should belong to protection scope of the present invention.

Claims (10)

1. soft-shelled turtle low-carbon ecological cultivating system, comprise two adjacent ecological culture ponds, it is characterized in that, two zone lines of culturing the pond are provided with a plurality of laying coops, the bottom of described laying coop is provided with installed part, installed part is hung with the asbestos shingle cat ladder of inclination by rope, one end of described asbestos shingle cat ladder is near laying coop, the other end stretches into below the horizontal plane, laying coop ground has the rectangle dead slot, be provided with the asbestos shingle of vertical placement in the laying coop, the rectangle dead slot is passed in the asbestos shingle bottom, and places the asbestos shingle cat ladder top of inclination.
2. soft-shelled turtle low-carbon ecological cultivating system according to claim 1 is characterized in that the angle of described asbestos shingle cat ladder and horizontal plane is the 30-45 degree.
3. soft-shelled turtle low-carbon ecological cultivating system according to claim 1 is characterized in that, the close both sides of culturing the pond of described laying coop all are equipped with the asbestos shingle cat ladder of inclination, are equipped with vertical asbestos shingle near the both sides of culturing the pond in the laying coop.
4. soft-shelled turtle low-carbon ecological cultivating system according to claim 1 is characterized in that, the described flooring of laying eggs is placed with the open-topped cuboid box of laying eggs, and is covered with vermiculite in the box of laying eggs, and the vermiculite laying depth is the 1/3-1/2 of box height of laying eggs.
5. according to any one described soft-shelled turtle low-carbon ecological cultivating system of claim 1-4, it is characterized in that, laying coop over against the dykes and dams in breed pond be provided with installed part, installed part shines back of the body platform by the asbestos shingle that rope is hung with inclination.The upper end that described asbestos shingle shines back of the body platform is apart from culturing pond dykes and dams 10-20cm, and the bottom is stretched into below the horizontal plane
6. according to the described soft-shelled turtle low-carbon ecological of claim 1-4 cultivating system, it is characterized in that described ecological culture pond is added with the EM probiotics by FAMS circular water treating system water quality treatment in the ecological culture pond.
7. according to any one described soft-shelled turtle low-carbon ecological cultivating system of claim 1-4, it is characterized in that the upper fixed in described breed pond has support bar, by the rope screen cloth that suspended, screen cloth stretches into below the horizontal plane on the support bar.
8. soft-shelled turtle low-carbon ecological cultivating system according to claim 7 is characterized in that described screen cloth is umbrella, adopts the ligation of polyethylene knotless net to form.
9. soft-shelled turtle low-carbon ecological cultivating system according to claim 7, it is characterized in that, be fixed with the compressed air inlet pipe on the described support bar, described compressed air inlet pipe one end is connected with air compressor, the other end is connected with the microcellular rubber coil pipe, and the microcellular rubber coil pipe stretches into below the horizontal plane.
10. according to any one described soft-shelled turtle low-carbon ecological cultivating system of claim 1-4, it is characterized in that the bottom of described ecological pool also is equipped with oxygen increasing tube, described oxygen increasing tube is connected with air compressor, and oxygen increasing tube is tubular, and the surface has micropore.
CN 201110185771 2011-07-04 2011-07-04 Low-carbon ecological breeding system for turtles Active CN102283170B (en)

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Cited By (8)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102986596A (en) * 2012-12-16 2013-03-27 向玉堂 Turtle habitat device
CN104705254A (en) * 2015-03-17 2015-06-17 东至县香泉特色养殖有限公司 Ecological soft-shelled turtle cultivating pool
CN105052827A (en) * 2015-08-06 2015-11-18 安徽省黄淮甲鱼良种繁育有限公司 Arranging method for soft-shelled turtle bait table
CN105660526A (en) * 2016-01-05 2016-06-15 广东象头山国家级自然保护区管理局 Method for collecting sacalia bealei eggs
CN105850882A (en) * 2016-04-20 2016-08-17 安徽省喜佳农业发展有限公司 Method for hatching eggs of soft-shelled turtles
CN106135108A (en) * 2016-06-24 2016-11-23 安徽省农业科学院水产研究所 One covers nest and preparation method thereof for breeding soft-shell turtle mesh sheet
CN110547251A (en) * 2019-09-29 2019-12-10 赵为娜 Green ecological aquatic product feeding device
CN110973055A (en) * 2019-12-10 2020-04-10 安徽科技学院 Ecological breeding system of soft-shelled turtle

Citations (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JPS5642529A (en) * 1979-09-13 1981-04-20 Kiyotomi Shimizu Breeding apparaus for softtshelled turtle
CN201160436Y (en) * 2008-01-18 2008-12-10 张景春 Courtyard type tortoise pool
CN201436847U (en) * 2009-04-10 2010-04-14 惠州李艺金钱龟生态发展有限公司 Turtle farm
CN201630140U (en) * 2010-04-30 2010-11-17 惠州李艺金钱龟生态发展有限公司 Small-sized indoor cultivating equipment of cyclemys trifasciata

Patent Citations (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JPS5642529A (en) * 1979-09-13 1981-04-20 Kiyotomi Shimizu Breeding apparaus for softtshelled turtle
CN201160436Y (en) * 2008-01-18 2008-12-10 张景春 Courtyard type tortoise pool
CN201436847U (en) * 2009-04-10 2010-04-14 惠州李艺金钱龟生态发展有限公司 Turtle farm
CN201630140U (en) * 2010-04-30 2010-11-17 惠州李艺金钱龟生态发展有限公司 Small-sized indoor cultivating equipment of cyclemys trifasciata

Cited By (9)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102986596A (en) * 2012-12-16 2013-03-27 向玉堂 Turtle habitat device
CN104705254A (en) * 2015-03-17 2015-06-17 东至县香泉特色养殖有限公司 Ecological soft-shelled turtle cultivating pool
CN105052827A (en) * 2015-08-06 2015-11-18 安徽省黄淮甲鱼良种繁育有限公司 Arranging method for soft-shelled turtle bait table
CN105660526A (en) * 2016-01-05 2016-06-15 广东象头山国家级自然保护区管理局 Method for collecting sacalia bealei eggs
CN105660526B (en) * 2016-01-05 2018-03-09 广东象头山国家级自然保护区管理局 A kind of method for collecting Sacalis bealei ovum
CN105850882A (en) * 2016-04-20 2016-08-17 安徽省喜佳农业发展有限公司 Method for hatching eggs of soft-shelled turtles
CN106135108A (en) * 2016-06-24 2016-11-23 安徽省农业科学院水产研究所 One covers nest and preparation method thereof for breeding soft-shell turtle mesh sheet
CN110547251A (en) * 2019-09-29 2019-12-10 赵为娜 Green ecological aquatic product feeding device
CN110973055A (en) * 2019-12-10 2020-04-10 安徽科技学院 Ecological breeding system of soft-shelled turtle

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