CN102860272B - Method and device for raising abalones by open-type net cages - Google Patents

Method and device for raising abalones by open-type net cages Download PDF

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Publication number
CN102860272B
CN102860272B CN201210317881.0A CN201210317881A CN102860272B CN 102860272 B CN102860272 B CN 102860272B CN 201210317881 A CN201210317881 A CN 201210317881A CN 102860272 B CN102860272 B CN 102860272B
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net cage
rope
etting
fish culture
float
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CN102860272A (en
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吴厚敬
李军
王茂岭
李锡显
李永实
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Zhangzidao Island Group Co Ltd
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Zhangzidao Island Group Co Ltd
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02ATECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02A40/00Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production
    • Y02A40/80Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production in fisheries management
    • Y02A40/81Aquaculture, e.g. of fish

Abstract

The invention relates to the technical field of aquaculture and technology for raising a precious marine product of abalones, in particular to a method and a device for raising abalones by open-type net cages. By the method and the device, a new mode for raising abalones in southern and northern provinces is realized, and a high-efficient environment-friendly mode for raising abalone-kelp integrated culture is formed. Compared with the conventional suspension cage culture, the small open-type net cage culture has smoother water flow and is more convenient to operate, particularly the phenomenon that the abalones are dehydrated due to lifting feed is avoided, so that the survival and the growth of abalones are benefitted. The raising capacity of one small net cage is close to 20 times that of one suspension cage; and simultaneously, because the small net cage culture is open, pollution to marine environment is avoided, and the device and the method accord with the ecological idea of sea ranching.

Description

Open type net cage abalone breeding method and device
affiliated technical field
The present invention relates to technical field of aquaculture, relate to the cultural technique of precious marine product abalone, be specifically related to a kind of open type net cage abalone breeding method and device.
Background technology
Abalone is one of famous and precious precious marine product, and fine and tender taste is fresh and oiliness; Nutritious, clear and taste is dense, cook, adjust soup, wonderful taste is infinite.Abalone contains rich in protein, also have the nutritive elements such as more calcium, iron, iodine and vitamin A, abalone is rich in abundant globulin, also contains the composition that one is called as " Bao Su " in Bao flesh of fish, can the essential metabolite of destruction of cancer cells, abalone mend and not dry, nourish the liver to improve visual acuity, not only nutritive value is high, and has medical value, being called the abalone of " hat of seafood delights " usually, is exactly one of marine products " eight delicacies " since ancient times.
Abalone culture mode has multiple, has bottom sowing culture (claiming again to accrue), has raft formula to raise in cages, also have industrial aquaculture and tunnel cultivation etc., pond and industrial aquaculture cultivation: need to build waters supply, cooling, heating system to reach the cultivating conditions such as water temperature, power consumption greatly, and disease easily occurs; Also have in recent years caisson formula cultivation, although the habitat of Bao is more stable than raft culture, growth result, bait throwing in, management difficulty are larger.Dalian offshore islands are numerous, and reef stands in great numbers, and have a moderate climate, and bait is abundant, is well suited for abalone and perches and multiply.Here the abalone that produced accounts for 70% of national output.Breeding way mainly adopts small investment, and cost is low, and growth is fast, and high efficiency is easy to management and broadcasts propagation and raft culture with the end of promoting.But it is very high that end sowing aquaculture requires sea area substrate, culturing area restriction; The general aquiculture mesh cage of suspended longline farming adopts flexible combined abalone culture net cage, by the in-built plastic basin of mesh bag as foster Bao equipment, or adopt the closed culture net cage of multilayer, forming in process needs artificial pull-up aquiculture mesh cage to carry out bait throwing in, bait is to be shredded, workman's labour intensity is very large, and inefficiency.
Summary of the invention
The object of the invention is to overcome the deficiency of existing abalone suspended longline farming technology, a kind of open type net cage abalone breeding method and device rational in infrastructure are provided.
technical scheme of the present invention is:open type net cage abalone breeding method, step is as follows:
One, select marine site
Select marine alga to grow thickly, current are unimpeded, the marine site of the applicable abalone growth conditions of water cleaning.
Two, set up platform raft of cultivation
(1) make fish culture net cage
Fish culture net cage is shaped as square, and open top arranges permeable hole at the bottom of casing and case, and lamina affixad is set in casing, and lamina affixad is detachable.
Lamina affixad embedded groove is set at the bottom of fish culture net cage case, and wall box arranges lamina affixad embedded hole; Lamina affixad top is tilted to casing along fish culture net cage sidewall.
Lamina affixad top and bottom arrange fixed jack, on corresponding fish culture net cage sidewall, corresponding fixed jack groove are set, and lamina affixad top arranges cover plate, and the fixed jack place at the corresponding lamina affixad of cover plate top arranges fixed jack embedded groove.Fish culture net cage wall box along on cover plate embedded hole is set.
In breeding process, fixedly fasten in the fixed jack that inserts fish culture net cage and lamina affixad, lamina affixad and cover plate are fixed in fish culture net cage.
(2) make float and etting
According to conditions such as fish culture net cage size and abalone breeding amounts, calculate buoyancy, design and produce pincushion float, pincushion float two ends arrange groove, and etting size is made according to net cage size, has four load-bearing well rope ropes on etting.
(3) set up platform raft of cultivation
Raft is as the two floating well rope be arrangeding in parallel, and two floating well ropes lie in respectively in the groove at pincushion float two ends, is provided with floating well rope static line in pincushion float groove, and pincushion float is fixed on floating well rope by floating well rope static line; Floating well rope two ends connect short wooden stake cable, are connected, to increase the i.e. stability of floating well rope of raft body between floating well rope and short wooden stake cable with spherical float; Short wooden stake cable is fixed under water by anchoring devices such as short wooden stake, cement stone rollers, and setting up the platform raft of cultivation Fa district depth of water is 1:2.5~3 with length of peg cable ratio, and short wooden stake cable bottom increases the weights such as iron chains or dropstone, guarantees that short wooden stake cable is in tensioning state, provides buffering stressed.
The spacing of platform raft of cultivation is 4~6 meters; Platform raft of cultivation adopts along current direction and sets up.
(4) be extension fish culture net cage
Cultivation abalone fry kind is put into fish culture net cage, is to hang load-bearing well rope rope and being placed in etting on fish culture net cage, and load-bearing well rope rope longitudinally interted etting, and fixing system is hung on floating well rope, and fish culture net cage is placed between pincushion float.
Load-bearing well rope rope lies on floating well rope static line.
Etting mouth place is interspersed network interface rope laterally, and network interface rope is connected with load-bearing well rope rope, and network interface is due to the fixing and stressed formation open type opening of load-bearing well rope rope; Can and approach etting mouth place at etting mouth place dual network interface rope is set, when not bait throwing in, make etting mouth in closed state, avoid foreign material to enter in etting and net cage.
Laterally interspersed windproof well rope rope on etting, windproof well rope rope free end lies in it raft, as runs into high sea or typhoon, strains windproof well rope rope free end, and etting is tightened up.
2.5~3.5 meters of netting-lengths are advisable; The mesh specification of etting expands (with abalone, climb not go out and be as the criterion) as far as possible, increases water penetration, reduces resistance.
Three, aquaculture management
In abalone culture process, while throwing something and feeding bait, bait is directly put into unlimited etting opening, except carrying out bait throwing in, scrubbing, anti-harmful animal and evacuating the daily managements such as density, be also noted that typhoon protection management, as run into high sea or typhoon, and strain windproof well rope rope, etting is tightened up.
Between platform raft of cultivation, can overlap and support sea-tangle.Parallel or vertically set up Kelp seeding rope and keep hanging sea-tangle between platform raft of cultivation, make full use of cultivation marine site, be convenient to adopt bait nearby simultaneously.
Realize the device of open type net cage abalone breeding method, culture raft frame comprises float, floating well rope, short wooden stake cable, anchor, fish culture net cage and etting; Float is pincushion float, its two ends arrange groove, and the raft of platform raft of cultivation is as the two floating well rope be arrangeding in parallel, and two floating well ropes lie in respectively in the groove at pincushion float two ends, in pincushion float groove, be provided with floating well rope static line, pincushion float is fixed on floating well rope by floating well rope static line; Floating well rope two ends connect short wooden stake cable, short wooden stake cable is fixed under water by anchoring devices such as short wooden stake, cement stone rollers, and setting up the platform raft of cultivation Fa district depth of water is 1:2.5~3 with length of peg cable ratio, and short wooden stake cable bottom increases the weights such as iron chains or dropstone, guarantee that short wooden stake cable is in tensioning state, provide buffering stressed; Fish culture net cage is shaped as square, on casing He at the bottom of case, permeable hole is set, in casing, establish lamina affixad, lamina affixad is detachable, is hang load-bearing well rope rope and be placed in etting on fish culture net cage, load-bearing well rope rope longitudinally interted etting, and fixing system is hung on floating well rope, fish culture net cage is placed between pincushion float, network interface rope is laterally interted at etting mouth place, network interface rope is connected with load-bearing well rope rope, and network interface is due to the fixing and stressed formation open type opening of load-bearing well rope rope.
Between floating well rope and short wooden stake cable, with spherical float, be connected, to increase the i.e. stability of floating well rope of raft body.
The raft spacing of platform raft of cultivation is 4~6 meters; Platform raft of cultivation adopts along current direction and sets up.
Lamina affixad embedded groove is set at the bottom of fish culture net cage case, and wall box arranges lamina affixad embedded hole; Lamina affixad top is tilted to casing along fish culture net cage sidewall; Lamina affixad top and bottom arrange fixed jack, on corresponding fish culture net cage sidewall, corresponding fixed jack groove is set, lamina affixad top arranges cover plate, and the fixed jack place at the corresponding lamina affixad of cover plate top arranges fixed jack embedded groove, fish culture net cage wall box along on cover plate embedded hole is set.In breeding process, fixedly fasten in the fixed jack that inserts fish culture net cage and lamina affixad, lamina affixad and cover plate are fixed in fish culture net cage.
Can and approach etting mouth place at etting mouth place dual network interface rope is set, when bait not, make etting mouth in closed state, avoid foreign material to enter in etting and net cage.
Laterally interspersed windproof well rope rope on etting, windproof well rope rope free end lies in it raft, as runs into high sea or typhoon, strains windproof well rope rope free end, and etting is tightened up.
Netting-length is unsuitable oversize, is advisable for 2.5~3.5 meters; Mesh is selected: the mesh specification of etting expands (with abalone, climb not go out and be as the criterion) as far as possible, increases water penetration, reduces resistance.
beneficial effect of the present invention is as follows:successfully realize southern and northern abalone culture new model, and form abalone, the integrated cultivation high-efficiency environment friendly of sea-tangle aquaculture model.Compared with cultivating with traditional cage type, open small-sized net cage cultivation current are more penetrating, and it is more convenient to operate, and especially avoided causing the generation of abalone dehydration phenomenon because lifting to throw something and feed, and this is conducive to the survival and growth of abalone more.The cultivation amount of a small-sized net cage is close to 20 times of a cage cultivation amount, simultaneously because small-sized net cage cultivation, for open, so can not cause any pollution to marine environment, meets the Ecological Concept of oceanic pasture.The present invention simultaneously cultivates with small-sized net cage simple in structure, light flexibly, with low cost, and be easy to scrubbing and remove harmful animal management, and easy to operate in breeding process, typhoon preventing structure design greatly reduces the risk factor of typhoon influence in breeding process; In fish culture net cage case, lamina affixad is detachable, is convenient to the transportation of abalone, particularly in the transportation of abalone north and south, saved a large amount of man power and materials, greatly improved operating efficiency, alleviated poultry feeders deficiency and the large situation of labour intensity, made limited marine site maximize application simultaneously;
In breeding process, the large-scale fresh and alive marine alga bait such as sea-tangle is processed without chopping processing, can directly from unlimited etting opening part, throw in, not only reduced bait handling procedure, extend the freshness date of fresh and alive marine alga bait, and greatly reduce the labour intensity of bait throwing in, improved operating efficiency;
The unenclosed construction design of fish culture net cage, and casing side macrolattice formula permeable hole structure, good water permeability, for abalone provides best growing environment.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is the vertical view of the embodiment of the present invention 1 platform raft of cultivation;
Fig. 2 is the front view of the embodiment of the present invention 1 platform raft of cultivation;
Fig. 3 is the windproof state front view of the embodiment of the present invention 1 platform raft of cultivation;
Fig. 4 is the vertical view of the embodiment of the present invention 1 floating pillow;
Fig. 5 is the right view of the embodiment of the present invention 1 floating pillow;
Fig. 6 is the vertical view of the embodiment of the present invention 1 fish culture net cage, the fish culture net cage vertical view that A is cover plate, and B is the fish culture net cage vertical view of cover plate and lamina affixad not;
Fig. 7 is the front view of the embodiment of the present invention 1 fish culture net cage;
Fig. 8 is the embodiment of the present invention 1 fish culture net cage left view;
Fig. 9 is the profile of the embodiment of the present invention 1 fish culture net cage A-A;
In figure: 1, pincushion float, 2, floating well rope, 3, short wooden stake cable, 4, anchor, 5, fish culture net cage, 6, etting, 7, spherical float; 51, permeable hole, 52, lamina affixad, 53, lamina affixad embedded hole, 54, lamina affixad embedded groove, 55, fixed jack, 56, fixed jack groove, 57, cover plate, 58, cover plate embedded hole, 59, gim peg; 61, load-bearing well rope rope, 62 network interface ropes, 63, windproof well rope rope.
Embodiment
Embodiment 1
Implement open type net cage abalone breeding method and device, step is as follows:
One, select marine site
Select the depth of water at 12~15 meters, current are unimpeded, the marine site of the applicable abalone growth conditions of water cleaning.
Two, set up platform raft of cultivation
(1) make fish culture net cage
As shown in Fig. 6-Fig. 9, fish culture net cage 5 is shaped as irregular square, inverted trapezoidal, fish culture net cage 5 top lengths are respectively 75 centimetres * 55 centimetres * 50 centimetres, and bottom size is smaller, square permeable hole 51 is set on casing, circular permeable hole 51 is set at the bottom of case, establishes lamina affixad 52 in fish culture net cage 7, lamina affixad 52 is detachable, lamina affixad embedded groove 54 is set at the bottom of case, and wall box arranges lamina affixad embedded hole 53; Lamina affixad 52 tops are tilted to casing along fish culture net cage sidewall; Lamina affixad 52 tops and bottom arrange fixed jack 55, on corresponding fish culture net cage sidewall, corresponding fixed jack groove 56 is set, lamina affixad 52 tops arrange cover plate 57, fixed jack 55 places at the corresponding lamina affixad of cover plate 57 52 tops arrange fixed jack embedded groove, fish culture net cage 5 wall box along on cover plate embedded hole 58 is set.
In breeding process, fixedly fasten in the fixed jack groove 56 of 59 insertion fish culture net cages 5 and the fixed jack 55 of lamina affixad 52, lamina affixad 52 and cover plate 57 are fixed in fish culture net cage.
(2) make float
According to conditions such as fish culture net cage size and abalone breeding amounts, calculate buoyancy, design and produce pincushion float 1, as shown in Fig. 4-Fig. 5, pincushion float 1 material is PVC (polyvinyl chloride), and float material is cylindrical PVC (polyvinyl chloride), and length is 80 centimetres, two flute pitch are 60 centimetres, diameter is 20 centimetres, solid, and density is 0.14g/cm 3.Pincushion float 1 two ends arrange groove, and etting 6 sizes are made according to fish culture net cage 7 sizes, have four load-bearing well rope ropes 61 on etting 6.
(3) set up culture raft frame
As Figure 1-Figure 2, raft is as two that be arranged in parallel floating well ropes 2, and floating well rope 2 diameters are the polyethylene rope of 28 millimeters, and floating well rope 2 lies in respectively in the groove at pincushion float 1 two ends, in pincushion float 1 groove, be provided with floating well rope static line, pincushion float 1 is fixed on floating well rope 2 by floating well rope static line; Floating well rope 2 two ends, two ends connect short wooden stake cable 3, are connected, to increase the i.e. stability of floating well rope 2 of raft body between floating well rope 2 and short wooden stake cable 3 with five black spherical floats 7; Short wooden stake cable 3 use length are fixed under water at the short wooden stake of 1.1~1.5 meters, set up buoyant raft Fa district's depth of water and short wooden stake cable 3 Length Ratios are 1:2.5~3, mariculture area Hai Shen is 12~15 meters of left and right, therefore, the length of short wooden stake cable 3 is 30~36 meters and is advisable, raft height degree is 80 meters, and short wooden stake cable 3 is 28 millimeters of polyethylene ropes of diameter; Short wooden stake cable bottom increases the weights such as iron chains or dropstone, guarantees that short wooden stake cable 3 is in tensioning state, provides buffering stressed.
Platform raft spacing is 4~6 meters; Platform raft of cultivation sets up to adopt along current direction and arranges.
(4) be extension fish culture net cage
As Figure 1-Figure 2,15~20 kilograms of abalone seeds are put into fish culture net cage 7, on fish culture net cage 7, be the heavy well rope rope 61 of carry and be placed in polyethylene etting 6, load-carrying well rope rope 61 longitudinally interted etting 6, and fixing system is hung on the floating well rope static line on floating well rope 2, fish culture net cage 7 is placed between pincushion float 1; 6 mouthfuls of ettings locate laterally to intert network interface rope 62, and network interface rope 62 is connected with load-bearing well rope rope 61,6 mouthfuls of fixing and stressed formation open type openings due to load-bearing well rope rope 61 of etting; Etting 6 length are unsuitable oversize, are advisable for 2.5~3.5 meters, and the mesh specification of etting 6 expands as far as possible, climb not go out to be as the criterion with abalone, increase water penetration, reduce resistance.
Laterally interspersed windproof well rope rope 63 on etting 6, windproof well rope rope 63 free ends lie in it raft, as shown in Figure 3, as run into high sea or typhoon, strain windproof well rope rope 63 free ends, and etting 6 is tightened up.
Three, aquaculture management
In abalone culture process, while throwing something and feeding bait, bait is directly put into unlimited etting opening, except carrying out bait throwing in, scrubbing, anti-harmful animal and evacuating the daily managements such as density, be also noted that typhoon protection management, as run into high sea or typhoon, and strain windproof well rope rope free end, etting is tightened up.In breeding process, protection effect is good.
As shown in Figure 1, vertically set up Kelp seeding rope 8 and keep hanging sea-tangle between platform raft of cultivation, the spacing of Kelp seeding rope 8 is 80~100 centimetres, makes full use of cultivation marine site, is convenient to adopt bait nearby simultaneously.

Claims (15)

1. open type net cage abalone breeding method, is characterized in that, step is as follows:
One, select marine site
Select marine alga to grow thickly, current are unimpeded, the marine site of the applicable abalone growth conditions of water cleaning;
Two, set up suspended longline farming
(1) make fish culture net cage
Fish culture net cage is shaped as square, open top, on at the bottom of casing and case, permeable hole is set, lamina affixad is set in casing, lamina affixad is detachable, lamina affixad top and bottom arrange fixed jack, on corresponding fish culture net cage sidewall, corresponding fixed jack groove is set, lamina affixad top arranges cover plate, the fixed jack place at the corresponding lamina affixad of cover plate top arranges fixed jack embedded groove, fixedly fasten in the fixed jack that inserts fish culture net cage and lamina affixad, lamina affixad and cover plate be fixed in fish culture net cage, fish culture net cage wall box along on cover plate embedded hole is set;
(2) make float and etting
According to fish culture net cage size and abalone breeding amount condition, calculate buoyancy, design and produce pincushion float, pincushion float two ends arrange groove, and etting size is made according to net cage size, has four load-bearing well rope ropes on etting;
(3) set up platform raft of cultivation
Raft is as the two floating well rope be arrangeding in parallel, and two floating well ropes lie in respectively in the groove at pincushion float two ends, is provided with floating well rope static line in pincushion float groove, and pincushion float is fixed on floating well rope by floating well rope static line; Floating well rope two ends connect short wooden stake cable, and short wooden stake cable is fixed under water by anchoring device, and setting up the platform raft of cultivation Fa district depth of water is 1:2.5~3 with length of peg cable ratio;
(4) be extension fish culture net cage
Cultivation abalone fry kind is put into fish culture net cage, is to hang load-bearing well rope rope and being placed in etting on fish culture net cage, and load-bearing well rope rope longitudinally interted etting, and fixing system is hung on floating well rope, and fish culture net cage is placed between pincushion float; Etting mouth place is interspersed network interface rope laterally, and network interface rope is connected with load-bearing well rope rope, and network interface is due to the fixing and stressed formation open type opening of load-bearing well rope rope;
Three, aquaculture management
In abalone culture process, while throwing something and feeding bait, bait is directly put into unlimited etting opening, except carrying out bait throwing in, scrubbing, anti-harmful animal and evacuating density daily management, be also noted that typhoon protection management.
2. open type net cage abalone breeding method according to claim 1, is characterized in that, lamina affixad top is tilted to casing along fish culture net cage sidewall, and lamina affixad embedded groove is set at the bottom of fish culture net cage case, and wall box arranges lamina affixad embedded hole.
3. open type net cage abalone breeding method according to claim 1, is characterized in that, the spacing of described platform raft of cultivation is 4~6 meters, and platform raft of cultivation adopts along current direction and sets up.
4. open type net cage abalone breeding method according to claim 1, is characterized in that, the described platform raft of cultivation that sets up is connected with spherical float between floating well rope and short wooden stake cable, floats the stability of well rope to increase raft body.
5. open type net cage abalone breeding method according to claim 1, it is characterized in that, described is hangs in fish culture net cage process, at etting mouth place with approach etting mouth place dual network interface rope is set, when not bait throwing in, make etting mouth in closed state, avoid foreign material to enter in etting and net cage.
6. open type net cage abalone breeding method according to claim 1, is characterized in that, laterally interspersed windproof well rope rope on described etting, windproof well rope rope free end lies in it raft, run into high sea or typhoon, strain windproof well rope rope free end, etting is tightened up.
7. open type net cage abalone breeding method according to claim 1, is characterized in that, described netting-length is 2.5~3.5 meters.
8. open type net cage abalone breeding method according to claim 1, is characterized in that, parallel or vertically set up Kelp seeding rope and keep hanging sea-tangle between described platform raft of cultivation.
9. realize the device of open type net cage abalone breeding method claimed in claim 1, it is open type net cage abalone culture device, its culture raft frame comprises float, floating well rope, short wooden stake cable, anchor, fish culture net cage and etting, it is characterized in that, float is pincushion float, its two ends arrange groove, the raft of platform raft of cultivation is as the two floating well rope be arrangeding in parallel, two floating well ropes lie in respectively in the groove at pincushion float two ends, in pincushion float groove, be provided with floating well rope static line, pincushion float is fixed on floating well rope by floating well rope static line, floating well rope two ends connect short wooden stake cable, short wooden stake cable is fixed under water by anchoring device, setting up the platform raft of cultivation Fa district depth of water is 1:2.5~3 with length of peg cable ratio, fish culture net cage is shaped as square, on casing He at the bottom of case, permeable hole is set, in casing, establish lamina affixad, lamina affixad is detachable, lamina affixad top and bottom arrange fixed jack, on corresponding fish culture net cage sidewall, corresponding fixed jack groove is set, lamina affixad top arranges cover plate, the fixed jack place at the corresponding lamina affixad of cover plate top arranges fixed jack embedded groove, fish culture net cage wall box along on cover plate embedded hole is set, fixedly fasten in the fixed jack that inserts fish culture net cage and lamina affixad, lamina affixad and cover plate are fixed in fish culture net cage, on fish culture net cage, be hang load-bearing well rope rope and be placed in etting, load-bearing well rope rope longitudinally interted etting, and fixing system is hung on floating well rope, fish culture net cage is placed between pincushion float, etting mouth place is interspersed network interface rope laterally, network interface rope is connected with load-bearing well rope rope, etting mouth place is due to the fixing and stressed formation open type opening of load-bearing well rope rope.
10. open type net cage abalone culture device according to claim 9, is characterized in that, is connected, to increase the i.e. stability of floating well rope of raft body between floating well rope and short wooden stake cable with spherical float.
11. open type net cage abalone culture devices according to claim 9, is characterized in that, the spacing of platform raft of cultivation is 4~6 meters, and platform raft of cultivation adopts along current direction and sets up.
12. open type net cage abalone culture devices according to claim 9, is characterized in that, at the bottom of described fish culture net cage case, lamina affixad embedded groove is set, wall box arranges lamina affixad embedded hole, and lamina affixad top is tilted to casing along fish culture net cage sidewall.
13. open type net cage abalone culture devices according to claim 9, is characterized in that, at etting mouth place with approach etting mouth place dual network interface rope is set, make etting mouth in closed state when not bait throwing in, avoid foreign material to enter in etting and net cage.
14. open type net cage abalone culture devices according to claim 11, is characterized in that, laterally interspersed windproof well rope rope on described etting, windproof well rope rope free end lies in it raft, run into high sea or typhoon, strain windproof well rope rope free end, etting is tightened up.
15. open type net cage abalone culture devices according to claim 11, is characterized in that, described netting-length is 2.5~3.5 meters.
CN201210317881.0A 2012-08-31 2012-08-31 Method and device for raising abalones by open-type net cages Active CN102860272B (en)

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JP2008048687A (en) * 2006-08-25 2008-03-06 North Green:Kk Structure for under sea installation and method for activating marine resource
CN201742813U (en) * 2010-07-22 2011-02-16 龙泽海产养殖有限公司 Wind and wave resistant abalone mariculture barrel
CN202026692U (en) * 2011-03-14 2011-11-09 漳州欧圣食品有限公司 Anti-wave soft rack abalone culture device
CN202222274U (en) * 2011-09-06 2012-05-23 沈宝民 Abalone cultivating basket
CN202918856U (en) * 2012-08-31 2013-05-08 獐子岛集团股份有限公司 Open-type net cage abalone culture device

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