CN102100318B - Chicken feed - Google Patents

Chicken feed Download PDF

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Publication number
CN102100318B
CN102100318B CN2011100019201A CN201110001920A CN102100318B CN 102100318 B CN102100318 B CN 102100318B CN 2011100019201 A CN2011100019201 A CN 2011100019201A CN 201110001920 A CN201110001920 A CN 201110001920A CN 102100318 B CN102100318 B CN 102100318B
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Prior art keywords
nettle
purslane
chicken
chicken feed
feed
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CN2011100019201A
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CN102100318A (en
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姜义宝
杨玉荣
黄宏波
侯佳音
魏紫
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Henan Agricultural University
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Henan Agricultural University
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Abstract

The invention discloses a chicken feed. Grass meal or a plant extractive serving as an active ingredient is added into the chicken feed, wherein the grass meal is 1.5 to 3.5 percent of the total weight of the chicken feed; the plant extractive is 0.05 to 0.3 percent of the total weight of the chicken feed; the grass meal consists of nettle powder, clover powder and purslane powder; and the plant extractive is a green powdered substance obtained by crushing and pulping fresh nettle and purslane, squeezing by using a squeezer, collecting juice and drying. The chicken feed has nutritional and medicinal functions, improves immunity of the organism, reduces occurrence rate of diseases in a feeding process, reduces the using amount of medicaments and produces safe and trustworthy animal products. In the feeding process, phenomena such as chicken respiratory diseases, anus pecking, feather pecking and the like are reduced; conversion rate of the feed is increased, so that ammonia concentration of excrement is reduced; commerciality is improved, abdominal fat rate is reduced and chicken quality is improved; and the feed is saved, medicament dosage and feed cost are reduced, and chicken breeding benefit is increased.

Description

The chicken feed
Technical field:
The present invention relates to a kind of animal and fowl fodder, relate in particular to a kind of effectively chicken feed of material composition of plant conduct that utilizes.
Background technology:
The extensive animal husbandry feeding manner of modernization, when having improved speed of production, many problems have also been brought, the livestock products quality reduces and various diseases easily occurs livestock and poultry, and the harm that a large amount of interpolation antibiotics and additive cause human health in the feed, these problems affect the sound development of China's animal husbandry.High-quality feed is the assurance of production high-quality livestock products, and quality and the quality of China in the urgent need to improving animal products is useful to the animal health growth at present, to consumer's healthy and helpful harmless feed.There are many plant resourceses in China, a lot of active materials and nutritional labeling are contained in the inside, very high medical value is arranged, have special effect and function, from plant, reasonably select development and utilization, the extraction beneficiating ingredient also adds in the feed, is to improve livestock and poultry production performance and ensure livestock products safety, an effective way of producing high-quality feed.
Summary of the invention:
In order to take full advantage of plant resources, in the chicken feed, rationally add, reduce the generation of chicken disease in intensive culture, improve the quality of livestock products, the objective of the invention is provides a kind of nettle that utilizes according to chicken growth and nutritional need characteristics, purslane natural plant extracts and nettle, purslane and alfalfa meal join the feed of making in the chicken feed, this feed can promote the chicken faster growing, improve the price of deed, improved the chicken immune ability, reduce the generation of disease, reduce the use of the veterinary drugs such as antibiotic, reduced the drug residue of livestock products, improved the livestock products quality.
Technical scheme of the present invention realizes in the following manner:
A kind of chicken feed: it is to utilize the grass meal substitute antibiotics to join in the chicken feed, and its addition accounts for the 1.5%-3.5% of chicken feed gross weight; Grass meal is comprised of nettle powder, alfalfa meal and purslane powder.
Described chicken feed can also be prepared according to following raw material weight percentage:
Corn 55-68, dregs of beans 23-38, calcium monohydrogen phosphate 1-2, stone flour 1-1.5, salt 0.1-0.3, edible oil 2-8, premix 1, fish meal 0-5, grass meal 1.5-3.5 carries out on request proportioning with above-mentioned raw materials and mixes and to mix each component thoroughly and add up to 100 parts; Grass meal is comprised of nettle powder, alfalfa meal and purslane powder.
The raw material of all feeds all meets national feedstuff industry standard, and premix provides the minerals and vitamins in the feed.
Weight ratio in the described grass meal between nettle powder, alfalfa meal and the purslane powder is:
Nettle: clover: purslane=this proportioning was suitable for the chicken stage in 70: 10: 20;
Nettle: clover: purslane=this proportioning was suitable for middle chicken and large chicken stage in 50: 25: 25;
The delicate stem stalk of nettle is got in the making of nettle powder and blade carries out airing, should to dry in the shade or flash baking, to reduce the loss of nutriment, then be ground into grass meal.The clover of growth in squaring period carries out and should to dry in the shade or flash baking, to reduce the loss of nutriment, then be ground into grass meal.The purslane of growth is dried in the shade or flash baking before squaring period, to reduce the loss of nutriment; Then be ground into grass meal, cross the product that 60 mesh sieves namely obtain.
Technical scheme of the present invention can also realize in the following manner
A kind of chicken feed: it is to utilize the plant extracts substitute antibiotics to join in the chicken feed, and its addition accounts for the 0.05%-0.3% of chicken feed gross weight;
Described chicken feed can also be prepared according to following raw material weight percentage:
Corn 57-68, dregs of beans 23-38, calcium monohydrogen phosphate 1-2, stone flour 1-1.5, salt 0.1-0.3, edible oil 2-8, premix 1, fish meal 0-5, plant extracts 0.05-0.3 carries out on request the proportioning mixing with above-mentioned raw materials and mixes thoroughly, and each component adds up to 100 parts; Described plant extracts is to pulverize making beating by fresh nettle and purslane, with the squeezer squeezing, collects juice, drying, the green flour powder material that obtains.
Weight ratio between described fresh nettle and the purslane is:
Nettle: purslane=1: 1
Described plant extracts is to pulverize making beating by fresh nettle, purslane and clover, with the squeezer squeezing, collects juice, drying, the green flour powder material that obtains.
In order to make nettle and purslane contained various nutrition and extracts active ingredients clean, the residue after the squeezing is added amount of water, stir and soaked 20 minutes, again making beating, squeezing; Residue after the squeezing is added water again stir again immersion 20 minutes, for the third time making beating, squeezing; Three times juice are mixed, and drying obtains green flour powder material, and rich in protein, vitamin and mineral matter and polysaccharide, flavones isoreactivity material are contained in gained green powder the inside.This processing mode has farthest kept the nutritional labeling of nettle and purslane, has reduced in the plant because the high adverse effect that the chicken growth is caused of content of cellulose has reduced the loss that nettle airing and fallen leaves etc. cause simultaneously.
Premix provides the minerals and vitamins in the feed.
The plant of nettle contains the elements such as phosphorus, magnesium, iron, zinc, manganese, silicon, sulphur, calcium, sodium, brill, copper and titanium of rich in protein, multivitamin, carrotene and various trace, having important function for the domestic animal growth, is the high-quality feed of high-quality domestic animal.Nettle or a kind of herbal medicine that can prevent and treat various diseases, contain many active materials and comprise that mainly its active component mainly contains flavonoids, organic acid, phenols, Phenylpropanoid Glycosides class, river alcohol, protein, polysaccharide and other compounds, have dispelling wind and removing obstruction in the meridians, promoting blood circulation and stopping pain, the effects such as long-pending defaecation, detoxifcation disappear.Nettle distributes wide, in China distribution is arranged from southwest to northeast, and adaptable, its raw material is cheap and easy to get.
Protein content of alfalfa is high and best in quality, and amino acid forms abundant, and lysine content is high, is rich in folic acid, vitamin K, vitamin E, B family vitamin etc., especially the cobalamin rich content; Constant, the trace minerals such as Ca, P and Cu, Fe, Mn, Zn are all high; In the clover, isoflavone like substance and multiplely contain a large amount of pigments at present not yet by the somatomedin that people were familiar with, can improve the skin color of livestock and poultry.
Purslane: contain outside the nutritional labelings such as a large amount of protein, fat, carbohydrate, crude fibre and calcium, phosphorus, iron, also contain the anti-aging active ingredients such as abundant vitamin E, vitamin C, carrotene and glutathione, the enhanced machine vitality of subject.
Contain in the extract abundant vitamin, trace element and active factors can supplement feed in the deficiency of some nutritional labelings, make it to be absorbed more fully, the metabolism that is conducive to promotes its growth, thereby improves the production performance of efficiency of feed utilization and animal.Contain polysaccharide, flavones and aldehydes matter in the nettle, can improve immunity and the oxidation resistance of animal, keep the normal equilibrium of animal vivo environment, guarantee the animal health growth.Purslane also contains the multiple nutritional components such as the essential vitamin B1 of livestock and poultry, vitamin E, vitamin C, function with clearing heat and detoxicating, loose blood detumescence, and stronger bacteriostasis is arranged, enteritis, coccus, coccidia and Escherichia coli etc. are also had good prevention effect.
Good effect of the present invention is
By broiler feeding being contained nettle, purslane and clover chicken feed, can save feed, can reduce again dosage and reduce feeding cost, improve the poultry benefit.Nettle has nutrition and medicinal function, has improved the immunity of body, and feeding process reduces the generation of disease, has reduced the use of medicine, produces the relieved livestock products of safety.Reduced the generation of chicken respiratory tract disease and the phenomenons such as beak anus, beak plumage in the feeding process; Improved the conversion ratio of feed, made ammonia concentration reduction in the excreta; Improve commodity, reduced abdomen fat rate, improved meat; Find through contrast test: test group hair color light, health is better, and the control group hair color is obviously relatively poor;
The specific embodiment:
The invention will be further described below in conjunction with embodiment:
Embodiment 1: corn 55, and dregs of beans 34.5, calcium monohydrogen phosphate 1.5, stone flour 1.2, salt 0.3, edible oil 5, premix 1, is carried out on request proportioning with above-mentioned raw materials and is mixed and to mix thoroughly at grass meal 1.5, and each component adds up to 100 parts;
The preparation of grass meal: will pulverize with pulverizer respectively through nettle, alfalfa meal and purslane that super-dry is crossed, then by weight the nettle powder: alfalfa meal: the purslane powder=this proportioning was suitable for the chicken stage in 70: 10: 20;
Embodiment 2: corn 62.4, and dregs of beans 23, calcium monohydrogen phosphate 1.5, stone flour 1.5, salt 0.1, edible oil 2, premix 1, fish meal 5, carries out proportioning with above-mentioned raw materials and mixes and to mix thoroughly at grass meal 3.5, and each component adds up to 100 parts;
The preparation technology of grass meal is with embodiment 1, and its anharmonic ratio is
Nettle: clover: purslane=this proportioning was suitable for middle chicken and large chicken stage in 50: 25: 25;
Embodiment 3, corn 60, dregs of beans 29.3, calcium monohydrogen phosphate 1, stone flour 1.5, salt 0.2, soya-bean oil 3, premix 1, fish meal 2, carries out on request proportioning with above-mentioned raw materials and mixes and to mix thoroughly at grass meal 2, and each component adds up to 100 parts;
The preparation technology of grass meal and anharmonic ratio are with embodiment 1.
Embodiment 4, corn 57, dregs of beans 34, calcium monohydrogen phosphate 1.5, stone flour 1.15, salt 0.3, soya-bean oil 5, premix 1, is carried out on request proportioning with above-mentioned raw materials and is mixed and to mix thoroughly at plant extracts 0.05, and each component adds up to 100 parts;
The preparation of plant extracts: fresh nettle and purslane are pulverized making beating, with the squeezer squeezing, collect juice, drying, the green flour powder material that obtains;
Weight ratio between described fresh nettle and the purslane is:
Nettle: purslane=1: 1
Embodiment 5, corn 63.2, dregs of beans 25, calcium monohydrogen phosphate 1.05, stone flour 1.5, salt 0.1, edible oil 3, fish meal 5, premix 1, is carried out on request proportioning with above-mentioned raw materials and is mixed and to mix thoroughly at plant extracts 0.15, and each component adds up to 100 parts;
The preparation of plant extracts: fresh nettle, clover and purslane are pulverized making beating, with the squeezer squeezing, collect juice, drying, the green flour powder material that obtains;
Weight ratio between described fresh nettle and the purslane is:
Nettle: clover: purslane=50: 25: 25
Embodiment 6, corn 66, dregs of beans 26, calcium monohydrogen phosphate 1, stone flour 1.5, salt 0.2, edible oil 2, premix 1, fish meal 2, carries out on request proportioning with above-mentioned raw materials and mixes and to mix thoroughly at plant extracts 0.3, and each component adds up to 100 parts;
The preparation technology of plant extracts and proportioning are with embodiment 4.
The raw material of all feeds all meets national feedstuff industry standard, and premix provides the minerals and vitamins in the feed.
Result of the test of the present invention is as follows:
Test one: test is carried out in Eight Banners feeding of broiler field, adopts AA meat sold on the market baby chick, and totally 800, be divided into control group and test group, the test group plant extracts chicken feed of feeding comprises nettle and purslane in the extract.Control group is identical with the test group nutritional labeling, and feeding and management method is identical.Every weight, feedstuff-meat ratio, survival rate, dressing percentage, abdomen fat rate and the immune organ weight that test index is measured tested chicken sees Table one, table two.
Table one, extract are on the impact of growth of meat chicken performance
Figure BDA0000042967830000051
Table two, extract are on the impact of broiler chicken immune organ
Project Control group The extract test group
Thymus index (g/kg) 4.01 4.27
Index and spleen index (g/kg) 1.26 1.31
Bursa of farbricius index (g/kg) 3.17 3.29
Test two: carry out in Eight Banners feeding of broiler field, adopt AA meat sold on the market baby chick, totally 1200, be divided into control group and test group, test group is fed and is contained grass meal chicken feed, comprises nettle powder, alfalfa meal and purslane powder in the grass meal.Control group is identical with the test group nutritional labeling, and feeding and management method is identical.Result of the test sees Table three, table four:
Table three, grass meal are on the impact of growth of meat chicken performance
Group Average every weight (kg) Feedstuff-meat ratio Survival rate % Dressing percentage % Abdomen fat rate %
Control group 2.29 2.13 94.25 93.09 1.31
The grass meal test group 2.41 2.05 98.12 94.41 2.07
Table four, grass meal are on the impact of broiler chicken blood parameters
Figure BDA0000042967830000052
According to finding out, the effect that the present invention possesses is from experimental group number:
1. reduced the generation of chicken respiratory tract disease and the phenomenons such as beak anus, beak plumage in the feeding process.Improve the conversion ratio of feed in the feeding process, made ammonia concentration reduction in the excreta, replenished the micro-generation that reduces the phenomenons such as beak anus, beak plumage
2. the raising commodity has reduced abdomen fat rate, has improved meat.
3. the test group hair color is bright, and health is better, and the control group hair color is obviously relatively poor.
4. nettle has nutrition and medicinal function, has improved the immunity of body.
5. feeding process reduces the generation of disease, has reduced the use of medicine, produces the relieved livestock products of safety.

Claims (4)

1. chicken feed, it is to utilize the grass meal substitute antibiotics to join in the chicken feed, it is characterized in that the grass meal addition accounts for the 1.5%-3.5% of chicken feed gross weight; Grass meal is comprised of nettle powder, alfalfa meal and purslane powder; Weight ratio between nettle powder, alfalfa meal and the purslane powder is:
Nettle: clover: purslane=70: 10: 20 or nettle: clover: purslane=50: 25: 25.
2. chicken feed according to claim 1 is characterized in that: according to following raw material weight percentage preparation:
Corn 55-68, dregs of beans 23-38, calcium monohydrogen phosphate 1-2, stone flour 1-1.5, salt 0.1-0.3, edible oil 2-8, premix 1, fish meal 0-5, grass meal 1.5-3.5 carries out the proportioning mixing with above-mentioned raw materials and mixes thoroughly, and each composition weight adds up to 100%.
3. chicken feed: it is to utilize the plant extracts substitute antibiotics to join in the chicken feed, and its addition accounts for the 0.05%-0.3% of chicken feed gross weight; Described plant extracts is to pulverize making beating by fresh nettle and purslane, with the squeezer squeezing, collects juice, drying, the green flour powder material that obtains; By fresh nettle and the weight ratio between the purslane be: nettle: purslane=1:1.
4. chicken feed according to claim 3 is characterized in that: according to following raw material weight percentage preparation:
Corn 57-68, dregs of beans 23-38, calcium monohydrogen phosphate 1-2, stone flour 1-1.5, salt 0.1-0.3, edible oil 2-8, premix 1, fish meal 0-5, plant extracts 0.05-0.3 carries out on request the proportioning mixing with above-mentioned raw materials and mixes thoroughly, and each composition weight adds up to 100%.
CN2011100019201A 2011-01-06 2011-01-06 Chicken feed Expired - Fee Related CN102100318B (en)

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Cited By (1)

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CN105010745A (en) * 2015-06-11 2015-11-04 临汾市尧都区仓禀实香菇种植专业合作社 Shii-take sporocarp chicken feed

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CN102258141B (en) * 2011-07-26 2012-10-17 刘昱廷 Portulaca poultry feed additive and production method thereof
CN103315175B (en) * 2013-05-24 2014-05-07 浙江农林大学 Biogas residue containing chicken formula feed
CN103461705A (en) * 2013-08-24 2013-12-25 霍邱县牧翔禽业有限公司 Chicken feed and preparing method thereof
CN103734493B (en) * 2013-11-29 2016-02-03 凤台县旺喜养鸡专业合作社 A kind of green formula feed promoting broiler growth
CN104171641A (en) * 2014-07-24 2014-12-03 合肥德邦动物保健有限公司 Green chicken feed with balanced nutrition
CN105309749A (en) * 2014-08-05 2016-02-10 贵州柳江畜禽有限公司 Poultry feed
CN104431329A (en) * 2014-12-16 2015-03-25 凉山州先科现代农业开发有限公司 Green compound feed prepared from periplaneta americana L. waste residue and preparation method of green compound feed
CN104770564A (en) * 2015-03-17 2015-07-15 重庆市万州区朱光清养鸡场 Chicken feed
CN104855730A (en) * 2015-06-03 2015-08-26 铜陵县黑你养殖专业合作社 Fermentation type chicken feed
CN104920917A (en) * 2015-07-17 2015-09-23 陈建生 Chicken fodder
CN105341371A (en) * 2015-08-06 2016-02-24 铜陵百锐设备配件有限公司 Sheep feed
CN105341467A (en) * 2015-08-06 2016-02-24 铜陵百锐设备配件有限公司 Fermentation type chicken feed
CN108208448A (en) * 2018-02-01 2018-06-29 南京信息工程大学 A kind of broiler fodder and preparation method thereof
CN115176926A (en) * 2022-06-27 2022-10-14 四川省畜牧科学研究院 Efficient feed formula for reducing feeding cost of free-range chickens and feeding method

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CN105010745A (en) * 2015-06-11 2015-11-04 临汾市尧都区仓禀实香菇种植专业合作社 Shii-take sporocarp chicken feed

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Inventor after: Jiang Yibao

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