CN104664161A - Lean-type selenium-enriched pig feed for reducing cholesterol - Google Patents

Lean-type selenium-enriched pig feed for reducing cholesterol Download PDF

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CN104664161A
CN104664161A CN201510086101.XA CN201510086101A CN104664161A CN 104664161 A CN104664161 A CN 104664161A CN 201510086101 A CN201510086101 A CN 201510086101A CN 104664161 A CN104664161 A CN 104664161A
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selenium
feed
rich selenium
powder
pig
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石爱华
彭祚全
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石爱华
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Abstract

The invention relates to a lean-type selenium-enriched pig feed for reducing cholesterol. The lean-type selenium-enriched pig feed for reducing the cholesterol is characterized in that 0.3-0.5% of a feed additive is added, so that the content of selenium is more than or equal to 0.1mg/kg in the feed; and the content of selenium in the feed additive is more than or equal to 20.4mg/kg. The lean-type selenium-enriched pig feed for reducing the cholesterol accords with compatibility principles of traditional Chinese veterinary and has the effects of reducing the cholesterol, and improving the lean rate so that selenium-enriched nutrient meet can be produced; the lean-type selenium-enriched pig feed has the unexpected effects on weight gaining, fat lowering, selenium supplying and lean rate increasing.

Description

A kind of rich selenium pig feed of lean meat species of norcholesterol
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of rich selenium pig feed of lean meat species of norcholesterol.
Background technology
Chinese herbal feed additive, because of the advantage of himself, has become the focus of research and development in recent years.Because people propose higher requirement to the safety issue of livestock products, in use really there is many drawbacks in chemical synthesis class additive (antibiotic, hormone etc.), not only bring environmental problem, more bring food-safety problem, its status is subject to extensive query.First, Long-Time Service, pathogenic microorganism will inevitably be caused to develop immunity to drugs, thus dosage is constantly increased, this not only increases drug cost, reduces culture benefit, too increases the residual of animal drug disposition.Secondly, while killing body harmful bacteria, inevitably suppress or kill the profitable strain in animal body, destroying the microbial balance in body, affecting livestock and poultry and grow normally.In addition, the mankind occur precocity, deformity, chemical synthetic drug remains certain relation in cancer and some intoxicating phenomenon and livestock products.
Country more flourishing in the world takes to forbid or limit the measure using chemical synthetic drug additive gradually.Such as, many medicated premixs such as virginiamycin, phosphoric acid Taylor rhzomorph, spiramvcin, Bacitracin Zinc are prohibited from using.Find the substitute of chemical synthesis class additive, become feed industry urgent problem.Chinese herbal medicine is then applied as additive because of its many good characteristic had in Feed Manufacturing.Can say, the use of Chinese herbal feed additive, for the quality and safety improving livestock products opens a brand-new approach, because these Chinese herbal medicines perhaps inherently their forage grass when many plant-eating animals are movable in the wild.
Summary of the invention
The technical problem to be solved in the present invention there is provided a kind of rich selenium pig feed of lean meat species of norcholesterol.
Technical scheme of the present invention is: a kind of rich selenium pig feed of lean meat species of norcholesterol, it is characterized in that adding 0.3-0.5% feed addictive in the rich selenium pig feed of the lean meat species of norcholesterol, makes the selenium Han Liang≤0.1mg/kg in feed, described feed addictive selenium Han Liang≤20.4mg/kg, the following material of described feed addictive forms: the rich selenium gynostemma pentaphyllum powder 3-6g of Han Xi Liang≤0.5mg/kg, the rich selenium ginkgo leaf powder 3-5g of Han Xi Liang≤0.3mg/kg, the rich selenium Hairy Bittercress 10-15g of Han Xi Liang≤200mg/kg, the rich selenium Radix Astragali 5-8g of Han Xi Liang≤0.5mg/kg, the selenium-enriched tea leaf powder 10-15g of Han Xi Liang≤2.0mg/kg, the rich selenium pine needle meal 15-20g of Han Xi Liang≤0.5mg/kg, the rich selenium Leaf of Magnolia officinalis 10-15g of Han Xi Liang≤0.5mg/kg, the product containing organic selenium powder 6-8g of Han Xi Liang≤50.0mg/kg, persimmon leaf powder 4-6g, distiller's yeast 3-5g, dried orange peel 3-5g, saltcake 5-8g, Ge Ye powder 15-20g, salt 2g, copper sulphate 0.2g, ferrous sulfate 0.1g, zinc sulfate 0.1g,
The invention discloses a kind of rich selenium pig feed of lean meat species of norcholesterol, it is characterized in that described feed addictive preparation method is: first dried 2 hours at 60 DEG C by required raw material, be crushed to 300 orders, required rich selenium gynostemma pentaphyllum powder, rich selenium ginkgo leaf powder, rich selenium Hairy Bittercress, the rich selenium Radix Astragali, selenium-enriched tea leaf powder, rich selenium pine needle meal, rich selenium Leaf of Magnolia officinalis, persimmon leaf powder, dried orange peel, Ge Ye powder are added 6 times of water Microwave Extraction devices and extract, then filter residue adds 6 times of water Microwave Extraction devices extractions again, merging filtrate, at 85 DEG C of reduced pressure concentrations, after spraying dry; Add distiller's yeast, saltcake, product containing organic selenium powder, salt, copper sulphate, ferrous sulfate and zinc sulfate again to mix.
The invention discloses a kind of rich selenium pig feed of lean meat species of norcholesterol, it is characterized in that described feed addictive using method is that middle pig adds in the feed ratio of 0.3-0.4%, large pig joins in feed in the ratio of 0.4-0.5%.
The present invention's medicine used is: saltcake (Natrii Sulfas), is again mirabilite, mirabilite.Its chemical composition is aqueous sulfuric acid sodium (Na 2sO 410H 2o).Energy purgating heat and bowels, moistening for dryness and softening hard mass, detumescence of relieving inflammation or internal heat.For the hot constipation of reality that pig is common, dry feces.
Rich selenium gynostemma pentaphylla (Se-Herba Gynostemmatis Pentaphylli), has another name called seven leaf courages, Pentapanax leschenaultii, gynostemma pentaphyllum makino, Herba Gynostemmatis etc.Rich selenium gynostemma pentaphylla originates in high selenium zone of bestowing favour, and being commonly called as sow rattan, is conventional pig feed.The beneficial gas of energy, calm, clearing heat and detoxicating, cough-relieving apophlegmatic.Strong stomach enhancement is digested and assimilated, and increases the appetite of pig, not only treats constipation but also control loose stool.There is excellent analgesia, sleeping, antitonic effect.Remarkable reduction cholesterol, improves lean meat percentage.
Rich selenium ginkgo leaf (Se-Folium Ginkgo), ginkgo leaf obviously can reduce cholesterol, triglyceride and low-density blood lipoprotein, reduces the effect of depot lipid in pig body.
To bestow favour Hairy Bittercress (Cardamine hirsuta L, Enshi), another name flexuose bittercress herb and seed, treasured island Hairy Bittercress, JIANZHONGXIAO, hair Hairy Bittercress, sparrow dish, mustard of cracking rice.The present invention adopts the different Cardamine violifolia of growth in high selenium zone of bestowing favour, and is commonly called as sarson.This plant is containing abundant Organic Selenium, and being the super poly-selenium plant that the whole world finds, is also the distinctive Chinese medicinal herbs in high selenium zone of bestowing favour.Containing rich in protein, fat, vitamin A, carbohydrate, can be clearing heat and detoxicating, and only dysentery hemostasis is also the pig medicine that rural area animal doctor commonly uses.
The rich selenium Radix Astragali (Se-Radix Astragali), also known as northern stilbene or northern alpine yarrow, also does yellow over sixty years of age or yellow alpine yarrow, one of conventional Chinese medicine, is the root of legume astragalus mongolicus or Astragalus membranacus.It is the plant that can gather selenium in Chinese medicine.There is effect of promoting the circulation of qi, diuresis.Can meat quality be improved, reduce depot fat, improve lean meat percentage.
Selenium-enriched tea leaf (Se-Camelliasinensis.L.O.Ktze), the present invention adopts the aged tea leaf that tea tree can not be cooked drink tea.Caffeine in tealeaves excites nerve and promotes muscles convergent force, makes central nervous excitation, and metabolism is strengthened; Molysite in millet paste plays immeasurable effect in blood circulation; Tea Polyphenols can strengthen contraction and the creeping effect of large intestine.Have fat-lowering cardiotonic effect, for the activity intensity increasing pig, improve lean meat percentage very effective, Ye Shicha district tea supports the wuwa of lean meat pig simultaneously.
Rich selenium pine needle meal (Se-Folium Pini) is the Siberian cedar in Pinaceae pine genus plant, black pine, Chinese pine, Korean pine, Huashan pine, pinus yunnanensis, pinus khasys, the needle of masson pine etc.Rich in nutrition content, the content of dry, crude fat, NFE is all the highest, and wherein contained in crude fat aliphatic acid has unsaturation, effectively can improve the quality of meat.Its protein content is equally matched with alfalfa meal, is the pig feed additive of high-quality.Pine needle meal contains 18 seed amino acids, and include 9 kinds of essential amino acids needed for animal, essential amino acid accounts for 54% of total amino acid.Therefore, pine needle meal adds in feed, can improve the protein quality of feed, supplements animal to amino acid whose needs.In pine needle meal, the content of macroelement potassium, calcium, magnesium is all higher than corn seed, and calcium content is far away higher than soybean seed.Other trace element nearly more than 40 is planted, and rich content.The content of selenium, copper, iron, manganese, zinc is all higher than corn seed and soybean seed, and wherein selenium and Zn content are 2 times of soybean and corn seed.Containing volatile oil, resin, chlorophyll in pine needle meal, also containing bioactivators such as plant hormone, phytocide, UGFs (UGF), can detoxify desinsection, suppresses harmful microbe growth and breeding in body, eliminate stagnation of QI due to dyspepsia, promote growth of animals or poultry.The dull and stereotyped bacteriostatic test of From Pineneedles of Pinus Massoniana Lamb powder is shown: From Pineneedles of Pinus Massoniana Lamb leaf at 8-16mm to 6 kinds of microorganism antibacterial circle diameters, shows moderate bacteriostasis, has bacteriostatic activity to microorganism.Wherein to pathogenic bacteria staphylococcus aureus, Escherichia coli, all there is stronger bacteriostasis, can screen and originate as antibacterials.
Pine needle meal is a kind of low-yield, the feed of high protein, be rich in the necessary amino acid of animal growth, vitamin and various trace elements, therefore, add pine needle meal to feed pigs, protein content in general farmers' feed and commercially available premix can be overcome on the low side, the shortcoming that digestion power is higher, and effectively can stimulate the appetite of pig, promote to digest and assimilate and metabolism, improve efficiency of feed utilization, accelerate growing of pig, the pine needle meal of 3-5% is added in the daily ration of growing and fattening pigs, average daily gain improves 15-30%, lean meat percentage increases, meat quality improves, premunition obviously strengthens, enterogastric diseases, vitamin-deficiency then greatly reduces.
Persimmon leaf (Diospyros Kaki L.f), the leaf of persimmon tree.Can body's immunity be improved, promote that body generates the interferon of anti-epidemic disease virus, have good prevention effect to cold pig etc.Energy lipopenicillinase, diuresis defaecation, detumescence, fat-reducing.
Dried orange peel (Pericarpium Citri Reticulatae), another name orange peel, expensive old, red skin, yellow orange peel, wide orange peel, PERICARPIUM CITRI RETICULATAE, orange peel, citrus chachiensis hortorum.For diseases such as fullness and oppression of chest and abdomen.Can pungent loose logical temperature, fragrant odour, is longer than and regulates the flow of vital energy, and can enter spleen lung, therefore can go loose sluggishness of lung-QI, again can promoting the circulation of qi wide in, for lung qi gather around stagnant, chest diaphragm ruffian full and the disease such as the taste stagnation of the circulation of vital energy, abdominal fullness and distention, the metabolism of pig body, prevention from suffering from the diseases are benefited.
Ge Ye (Pueraria thunbergiana Benth), i.e. the complicated and confused leaf of the root of kudzu vine is traditional pig feed, energy heat-clearing, eliminating dampness, lipopenicillinase, toxin expelling.
Rich selenium Leaf of Magnolia officinalis (Se-Magnolia officinalis Rehd.et Wils), another name pachydermia, pipe, magnolia hypoleuca, strong Piao, cortex magnoliae officinalis, CORTEX MAGNOLIAE OFFICINALIS, the present invention adopts the CORTEX MAGNOLIAE OFFICINALIS leaf of growth in high selenium zone of bestowing favour, and the content of its active ingredient magnolol is equally high with magnolia bark.The bark of official magnolia is the aromatic damp-resolving drug in Chinese medicine.Efficacy of drugs: eliminating dampness is removed completely, lower gas disappears long-pending, dispelling phlegm to stop asthma.The following illness of primary treatment and prevention pig: in humidity hysteresis wound, fullness and oppression of chest and abdomen, anorexia and loose stool, stagnation of QI due to dyspepsia, chest and abdomen swelling and pain, constipation, phlegm and retained fluid is coughed and breathed heavily.
Distiller's yeast is the Angel koji that Angel Yeast Co., Ltd of Hubei Province produces.
The rich selenium pig feed of the lean meat species of a kind of norcholesterol of the present invention carries out prescription compatibility for the common disease of pig, as constipation, loose stool, have blood in stool, generate heat, cough, virus infections etc. designs; From supplementary full nutrition, the strengthening focusing on the special composition such as protein, mineral matter etc. and lipopenicillinase, fat-reducing, norcholesterol, raising lean meat percentage supplements; The Se content that organic selenium content is met in the later feed of compatibility reaches the regulation requirement met in standard GB/T 26418-2010 " allowance of dietary Se ".
The present invention adopts rich selenium gynostemma pentaphylla, rich selenium ginkgo leaf, rich selenium pine needle meal, the rich selenium Radix Astragali to be monarch, plays lipopenicillinase, norcholesterol, improves meat quality, improves lean meat percentage; Being aided with bestow favour Hairy Bittercress, rich selenium aged tea leaf, persimmon leaf of rich selenium is minister, help the lipopenicillinase of monarch, anti-oxidant, disease-resistant, improve immunity; Help with saltcake, Ge Ye, quench heat-clearing, catharsis and toxin expelling; Make it dried orange peel, the bark of official magnolia, distiller's yeast, product containing organic selenium powder help it to digest and assimilate, improve efficiency of feed utilization; On help and assimilate, in strong trans-utilization, lower increasing catharsis and toxin expelling.And be equipped with other medium trace element, supply full nutrition, strengthen resistance against diseases, growth promoting effects.
Adopt ultramicro grinding, make plant broken wall, be convenient to microwave digestion, collect nutrition elite, to improving palatability, raising feed nutrient and utilization rate play a significant role.
The lean meat species of a kind of norcholesterol of the present invention rich selenium pig feed aboundresources, and Chinese herbal feed additive is many adopts directly or indirectly in plant.It maintains naturality and the biologically active of various composition, be easy to body and absorb.Even if the material that cannot be absorbed by body, also can excrete smoothly.Chinese herb feed additive has both the double action of trophism and Drug: trophism is mainly reflected in it and contains the necessary various nutriment of animal growth, as protein, amino acid, vitamin and trace element etc.Drug effect is relevant with the various bioactivators that it contains.As alkaloid, organic acid, polysaccharide etc.Chinese herb feed additive also has the functions such as improving feed local flavor, palatability, anti-feed oxide and goes mouldy simultaneously.
Chinese herbal feed can not develop immunity to drugs: Chinese herbal feed additive, mainly with its active ingredient, from the metabolism of many link interference such as ribonucleic acid, DNA, Conversion of Energy pathogenic microorganism, thus reaches the object of restraining and sterilizing bacteria.Its composition and animal body are very harmonious, are easy to be absorbed by body and utilize, and non-absorbently also can excrete smoothly.
Chinese herbal medicine is natural or tame plant mostly: main component is amino acid, vitamin, alkaloid, volatile oil, organic acid etc., and can not cause medicament residue and environmental pollution, be real " environment-friendly type " additive.Chinese herbal feed additive can flavouring deodorizing, prevent from going mouldy, many Chinese herbal medicines, all containing special fragrance, can improve local flavor and the palatability of feed.Because mycotic spore exists extensively, reproductive capacity is extremely strong, brings difficulty to feedstuff mildew work, and chemical anti mildew agent directly or indirectly can affect human and livestock health, and destroys feed nutrient, local flavor, palatability etc.And the volatile ingredient of many aroma type Chinese herb feed additives has sterilization, bacteria mildew-proof effect, and can feed nutritive value be kept, to person poultry safety, free from environmental pollution and feed.
The lean meat species of a kind of norcholesterol of the present invention rich selenium pig feed enhancing development, the fragrance improving utilization of nutrients, increase feed, improve feed palatability.
The rich selenium pig feed of lean meat species of a kind of norcholesterol of the present invention improves livestock products quality: Chinese herbal feed additive can affect meat quality by the color and luster, local flavor etc. improving animal products.Pine needle meal can improve the fresh and tender degree of pork, pork fragrance can be made to thicken.The protein content in lean pork can be improved, improve the composition of aliphatic acid, improve lean meat percentage.
The lean meat species rich selenium pig feed expelling parasite sterilization of a kind of norcholesterol of the present invention, enhancing immunity of organisms, strengthen reproduction of domesti animals function, promotion is laid eggs, milking capacity, the granularity that Chinese herbal medicine is pulverized can directly affect Chinese herbal medicine addition, and affect disengaging of Chinese herbal medicine effective ingredients, the wall breaking technology of Chinese herbal medicine, General Requirements diameier is less than 6um, and medium particle diameter is more than 300 orders.
To the formulation developing direction that milligram ammonia development is Chinese herbal feed additive.Present dosage is general comparatively large, and generally all more than 1%, some even reaches 5%.This not only adds the composition of Chinese herbal feed additive, and adaptability is also affected, also dilute the nutrient in feed.Therefore it uses the restriction received to a certain degree, is unfavorable for the popularizing action of Chinese herbal feed additive.So, concentrate, the extract of Chinese herbal medicine should be adopted as far as possible, to make " formulation milligram ammonia ", should also be noted that medicament composing prescription is not easily excessive simultaneously.
The minimum selenium content of additive used in the rich selenium pig feed of lean meat species of a kind of norcholesterol of the present invention is 20.4mg/kg, calculate with minimum every pig 30g every day additive, 720 microgram selenium can be supplemented every day, go if added in feed by 0.5%, the selenium in feed reaches 0.12mg/kg, and less than 0.01mg/kg in general feeds, high 12 times, also meet national standard, add selenium contained in other feed, total amount should at more than 0.2mg/kg.According to the Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences to national 28 provinces more than 50,000 part of Feed Sample testing result, average Se content is higher than Hubei of 0.1mg/kg and Guangxi, visible dietary Se is higher than 0.1mg/kg, higher than general feeds more than 10 times, rare, if prepare the feed of 0.5mg/kg, then per kilogram adds the product containing organic selenium powder 8g containing selenium 50mg/kg.
The product of the rich selenium pig feed of lean meat species of a kind of norcholesterol of the present invention, product is fed 30 days, and Swine serum cholesterol declines 15.4%, and triglycerides declines 32%, and serum selenium content improves 4 times; Feed 60 days, serum cholesterol declines 12.7%, and triglycerides declines 41.2%, and blood Se content improves more than 3 times, and lean meat percentage improves 18%, and in lean meat, Se content reaches 0.54mg/kg, and edible 100 grams of selenium-enriched porks can supplement more than Organic Selenium 50 microgram.
The rich selenium pig feed of the lean meat species of a kind of norcholesterol of the present invention, first is take full advantage of the non-medicinal effects of Chinese herbal medicine, but its function and active ingredient poor unlike medicinal effects, be refuse reclamation; Second is take full advantage of Biological Selenium resource, a large amount of Organic Selenium composition is contained in these medicinal plant discarded objects, the content of selenium in additive extract is made to reach about 20-30mg/kg, can meet the Se content requirement of preparation Se-enriched feedstuff, be the natural resources be of great rarity, selenium is the essential trace element of humans and animals, the healthy growth of pig is not only conducive to pig benefit selenium, Development and Production selenium-enriched pork, is more conducive to the mankind and mends selenium by meals, and safer and more effective; 3rd is the compatibility principle according to Chinese veterinarian, for norcholesterol, raising lean meat percentage and production selenium-rich nutritive pork provide theoretical foundation and material guarantee; 4th is present invention employs the modern technologies such as ultramicro grinding and Microwave Extraction, achieves milligram ammonia, and improve the nutritional labeling ratio of staple food, palatability is improved greatly.Three groups of result of the tests show, its weightening finish, lipopenicillinase, benefit selenium, raising lean meat percentage all receive windfall effect.
Detailed description of the invention
Below in conjunction with embodiment, the present invention is further described.
Embodiment 1: the rich selenium pig feed of lean meat species of a kind of norcholesterol of the present invention, is characterized in that adding 0.3% feed addictive in the rich selenium pig feed of the lean meat species of norcholesterol, makes the Se content in feed be 0.1mg/kg, described feed addictive Se content is 20.4mg/kg, the following material of described feed addictive forms: the rich selenium gynostemma pentaphyllum powder 3g of selenium content 0.5mg/kg, the rich selenium ginkgo leaf powder 3g of selenium content 0.3mg/kg, the rich selenium Hairy Bittercress 10g of selenium content 200mg/kg, the rich selenium Radix Astragali 5g of selenium content 0.5mg/kg, the selenium-enriched tea leaf powder 10g of selenium content 2.0mg/kg, the rich selenium pine needle meal 15g of selenium content 0.5mg/kg, the rich selenium Leaf of Magnolia officinalis 10g of selenium content 0.5mg/kg, the product containing organic selenium powder 6g of selenium content 50.0mg/kg, persimmon leaf powder 4g, distiller's yeast 3g, dried orange peel 3g, saltcake 5g, Ge Ye powder 15g, salt 2g, copper sulphate 0.2g, ferrous sulfate 0.1g, zinc sulfate 0.1g, feed addictive preparation method is: first dried 2 hours at 60 DEG C by required raw material, be crushed to 300 orders, required rich selenium gynostemma pentaphyllum powder, rich selenium ginkgo leaf powder, rich selenium Hairy Bittercress, the rich selenium Radix Astragali, selenium-enriched tea leaf powder, rich selenium pine needle meal, rich selenium Leaf of Magnolia officinalis, persimmon leaf powder, dried orange peel, Ge Ye powder are added 6 times of water Microwave Extraction devices and extract, then filter residue adds 6 times of water Microwave Extraction devices extractions again, merging filtrate, at 85 DEG C of reduced pressure concentrations, after spraying dry, add distiller's yeast, saltcake, product containing organic selenium powder, salt, copper sulphate, ferrous sulfate and zinc sulfate again to mix.Described feed addictive using method is that middle pig adds in the feed ratio of 0.3-0.4%, and large pig joins in feed in the ratio of 0.4-0.5%.
Embodiment 2: the rich selenium pig feed of lean meat species of a kind of norcholesterol of the present invention, is characterized in that adding 0.5% feed addictive in the rich selenium pig feed of the lean meat species of norcholesterol, makes the Se content in feed be 0.6mg/kg, described feed addictive Se content is 21mg/kg, the following material of described feed addictive forms: the rich selenium gynostemma pentaphyllum powder 5g of selenium content 0.5mg/kg, the rich selenium ginkgo leaf powder 5g of selenium content 0.3mg/kg, the rich selenium Hairy Bittercress 15g of selenium content 200mg/kg, the rich selenium Radix Astragali 8g of selenium content 0.5mg/kg, the selenium-enriched tea leaf powder 15g of selenium content 2.0mg/kg, the rich selenium pine needle meal 20g of selenium content 0.5mg/kg, the rich selenium Leaf of Magnolia officinalis 15g of selenium content 0.5mg/kg, the product containing organic selenium powder 8g of selenium content 50.0mg/kg, persimmon leaf powder 6g, distiller's yeast 5g, dried orange peel 5g, saltcake 8g, Ge Ye powder 20g, salt 2g, copper sulphate 0.2g, ferrous sulfate 0.1g, zinc sulfate 0.1g, feed addictive preparation method is: first dried 2 hours at 60 DEG C by required raw material, be crushed to 300 orders, required rich selenium gynostemma pentaphyllum powder, rich selenium ginkgo leaf powder, rich selenium Hairy Bittercress, the rich selenium Radix Astragali, selenium-enriched tea leaf powder, rich selenium pine needle meal, rich selenium Leaf of Magnolia officinalis, persimmon leaf powder, dried orange peel, Ge Ye powder are added 6 times of water Microwave Extraction devices and extract, then filter residue adds 6 times of water Microwave Extraction devices extractions again, merging filtrate, at 85 DEG C of reduced pressure concentrations, after spraying dry, add distiller's yeast, saltcake, product containing organic selenium powder, salt, copper sulphate, ferrous sulfate and zinc sulfate again to mix.Described feed addictive using method is that middle pig adds in the feed ratio of 0.3-0.4%, and large pig joins in feed in the ratio of 0.4-0.5%.
Embodiment 3: the rich selenium pig feed of lean meat species of a kind of norcholesterol of the present invention, is characterized in that adding 0.4% feed addictive in the rich selenium pig feed of the lean meat species of norcholesterol, makes the Se content in feed be 0.6mg/kg, described feed addictive Se content is 20.8mg/kg, the following material of described feed addictive forms: the rich selenium gynostemma pentaphyllum powder 4g of selenium content 0.5mg/kg, the rich selenium ginkgo leaf powder 4g of selenium content 0.3mg/kg, the rich selenium Hairy Bittercress 12g of selenium content 200mg/kg, the rich selenium Radix Astragali 7g of selenium content 0.5mg/kg, the selenium-enriched tea leaf powder 13g of selenium content 2.0mg/kg, the rich selenium pine needle meal 18g of selenium content 0.5mg/kg, the rich selenium Leaf of Magnolia officinalis 13g of selenium content 0.5mg/kg, the product containing organic selenium powder 7g of selenium content 50.0mg/kg, persimmon leaf powder 5g, distiller's yeast 4g, dried orange peel 4g, saltcake 7g, Ge Ye powder 18g, salt 2g, copper sulphate 0.2g, ferrous sulfate 0.1g, zinc sulfate 0.1g, feed addictive preparation method is: first dried 2 hours at 60 DEG C by required raw material, be crushed to 300 orders, required rich selenium gynostemma pentaphyllum powder, rich selenium ginkgo leaf powder, rich selenium Hairy Bittercress, the rich selenium Radix Astragali, selenium-enriched tea leaf powder, rich selenium pine needle meal, rich selenium Leaf of Magnolia officinalis, persimmon leaf powder, dried orange peel, Ge Ye powder are added 6 times of water Microwave Extraction devices and extract, then filter residue adds 6 times of water Microwave Extraction devices extractions again, merging filtrate, at 85 DEG C of reduced pressure concentrations, after spraying dry, add distiller's yeast, saltcake, product containing organic selenium powder, salt, copper sulphate, ferrous sulfate and zinc sulfate again to mix.Described feed addictive using method is that middle pig adds in the feed ratio of 0.3-0.4%, and large pig joins in feed in the ratio of 0.4-0.5%.
Embodiment 4: the rich selenium pig feed of lean meat species of a kind of norcholesterol of the present invention,
By above-mentioned each composition (except saltcake, distiller's yeast, product containing organic selenium powder) according to dosage 60 DEG C of oven dry, be crushed to 300 orders, Microwave Extraction, reduced pressure concentration are dry, obtain about 10 kilograms of crude extracts, add saltcake, distiller's yeast and 6 grams of product containing organic selenium powder more in proportion, and salt 200 grams, 20 grams, copper sulphate, 10 grams, ferrous sulfate, 10 grams, zinc sulfate, fully mix.Selenium content reaches 20.5mg/kg.
Feeding experiment is carried out on Dong BuRidge pig farm, Zhang Jiacao village, Baiyangping town, select the middle pig 10 below about 50, random packet, wherein 5 is test group, another 5 is control group, and add in feed by extraction mixture by every test pig every day 40 grams, control group is forage feed routinely, staple food is identical, weighs after feeding 30 days.Result is as follows:
Experimental group
Control group
Experimental group increases weight 14.0% than control group, higher than the report of domestic other Chinese herb feed additive formula weightening finish 8.7%-12%.
Get two groups of pig ear vein blood chemical examination serum cholesterols, test group mean value 2.12mmol/L, the average 2.51mmol/L of control group; Test group to decline 0.39mmol/L than control group, declines 15.5%; The average 0.34mmol/L of triglycerides test group, control group 0.50mmol/L, decline 0.16mmol/L, accounts for 32.0%; The average 0.165mg/kg of blood Se content test group, control group 0.042mg/kg, improve more than 4 times.Explanation invention increases feed conversion rate and utilization rate, and obviously, lipopenicillinase, norcholesterol and se complementary effect are also clearly in live pig weightening finish.
Embodiment 5: the lean meat species rich selenium pig feed selenium content of a kind of norcholesterol of the present invention reaches 30.4mg/kg.Calculate with minimum every pig 30 grams of additives every day, 912 microgram selenium can be supplemented every day, by 50 grams of calculating every day of every pig, can Selenium Supplement 1520 microgram, go if added in feed by 0.5%, selenium in feed reaches 0.152mg/kg, than selenium in general feeds (lower than) 0.1mg/kg is high 15.2 times.
By test pig and contrast pig, press the addition of 50 grams by additive every test pig every day, feed 60 days, make to reach the standard of butchering.Result is as follows:
Experimental group
Control group
Experimental group net gain 13.5 kilogram average than control group, weightening finish 18.9%.Weightening finish in 60 days clearly, obtains beyond thought effect.Test group lean meat percentage improves 18%, higher than the report of similar Chinese herb feed additive 6.8%-17% than control group.
Get two groups of blood chemical examination serum cholesterols, test group mean value 2.33mmol/L, the average 2.67mmol/L of control group, test group to decline 0.34mmol/L than control group, declines 12.7%.The average 0.30mmol/L of triglycerides test group, control group 0.51mmol/L, decline 0.21mmol/L, accounts for 41.2%.Blood Se content test group average 0.15mg/kg, 0.04mg/kg, improve more than 3 times.In lean meat, Se content reaches 0.54mg/kg, only needs to eat 100 grams of rich selenium lean meat every day and just can supplement more than Organic Selenium 50 microgram, and the adult reaching Chinese Soclety of Nutrition's recommendation supplements the requirement of 50 microgram selenium every day.Explanation invention increases feed conversion rate and utilization rate, and obviously, lean meat percentage improves significantly, and also clearly, all other indexs are significantly better than control group for lipopenicillinase, norcholesterol and se complementary effect in fattening period live pig weightening finish in 60 days.
Embodiment 6: the rich selenium pig feed of lean meat species of a kind of norcholesterol of the present invention, gets
Method for making is the same, selenium content 30.4mg/kg.
Choose piglet on pig farm, anise hundred, village of Gao Ping township, Jianshi County to test, 6 piglets are divided into test group and control group at random, control group fed additive of the present invention, by the 30 grams of interpolations of every pig every day, control group routine is raised, and observes 30 days.
Result is as follows:
Experimental group
Control group
Test visible, test group every pig average than control group increases weight 1.5 kilograms, and weightening finish 11%, still shows obvious advantage.
Get two groups of blood chemical examination serum cholesterols, test group mean value 2.15mmol/L, the average 2.44mmol/L of control group, test group to decline 0.29mmol/L than control group, declines 11.9%.The average 0.29mmol/L of triglycerides test group, control group 0.50mmol/L, decline 0.21mmol/L, accounts for 42%.The average 0.14mg/kg of blood Se content test group, control group 0.03mg/kg, improve more than 3 times.In lean meat, Se content reaches 0.55mg/kg, only needs to eat 100 grams of rich selenium lean meat every day and just can supplement more than Organic Selenium 50 microgram, and the adult reaching Chinese Soclety of Nutrition's recommendation supplements the requirement of 50 microgram selenium every day.Explanation invention increases feed conversion rate and utilization rate, and obviously, lean meat percentage improves significantly, and also clearly, all other indexs are significantly better than control group for lipopenicillinase, norcholesterol and se complementary effect in fattening period live pig weightening finish in 60 days.

Claims (3)

1. the rich selenium pig feed of the lean meat species of norcholesterol, is characterized in that adding 0.3-0.5% feed addictive in the rich selenium pig feed of the lean meat species of norcholesterol, makes the selenium in feed contain amount≤0.1mg/kg, described feed addictive selenium Han Liang≤20.4mg/kg, the following material of described feed addictive forms: the rich selenium gynostemma pentaphyllum powder 3-6g of Han Xi Liang≤0.5mg/kg, the rich selenium ginkgo leaf powder 3-5g of Han Xi Liang≤0.3mg/kg, the rich selenium Hairy Bittercress 10-15g of Han Xi Liang≤200mg/kg, the rich selenium Radix Astragali 5-8g of Han Xi Liang≤0.5mg/kg, the selenium-enriched tea leaf powder 10-15g of Han Xi Liang≤2.0mg/kg, the rich selenium pine needle meal 15-20g of Han Xi Liang≤0.5mg/kg, the rich selenium Leaf of Magnolia officinalis 10-15g of Han Xi Liang≤0.5mg/kg, the product containing organic selenium powder 6-8g of Han Xi Liang≤50.0mg/kg, persimmon leaf powder 4-6g, distiller's yeast 3-5g, dried orange peel 3-5g, saltcake 5-8g, Ge Ye powder 15-20g, salt 2g, copper sulphate 0.2g, ferrous sulfate 0.1g, zinc sulfate 0.1g.
2. according to the rich selenium pig feed of the lean meat species of a kind of norcholesterol according to claim 1, it is characterized in that described feed addictive preparation method is: first dried 2 hours at 60 DEG C by required raw material, be crushed to 300 orders, required rich selenium gynostemma pentaphyllum powder, rich selenium ginkgo leaf powder, rich selenium Hairy Bittercress, the rich selenium Radix Astragali, selenium-enriched tea leaf powder, rich selenium pine needle meal, rich selenium Leaf of Magnolia officinalis, persimmon leaf powder, dried orange peel, Ge Ye powder are added 6 times of water Microwave Extraction devices and extract, then filter residue adds 6 times of water Microwave Extraction devices extractions again, merging filtrate, at 85 DEG C of reduced pressure concentrations, after spraying dry; Add distiller's yeast, saltcake, product containing organic selenium powder, salt, copper sulphate, ferrous sulfate and zinc sulfate again to mix.
3., according to the rich selenium pig feed of the lean meat species of a kind of norcholesterol according to claim 1, it is characterized in that described feed addictive using method is that middle pig adds in the feed ratio of 0.3-0.4%, large pig joins in feed in the ratio of 0.4-0.5%.
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CN107156052A (en) * 2017-06-29 2017-09-15 松桃苗族自治县继梅养殖专业合作社 A kind of cultural method of selenium-rich pig
CN107889952A (en) * 2017-11-27 2018-04-10 广州傲农生物科技有限公司 A kind of fattening pannage additive and its preparation method and application
CN108308426A (en) * 2018-03-09 2018-07-24 河南牧业经济学院 A kind of throw-out feed Chinese herbal feed additive, preparation method and application

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