CN107149046A - Feature composite dietary, preparation method and application - Google Patents

Feature composite dietary, preparation method and application Download PDF

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Publication number
CN107149046A
CN107149046A CN201710485607.7A CN201710485607A CN107149046A CN 107149046 A CN107149046 A CN 107149046A CN 201710485607 A CN201710485607 A CN 201710485607A CN 107149046 A CN107149046 A CN 107149046A
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China
Prior art keywords
parts
composite dietary
feature
dietary
groups
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CN201710485607.7A
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CN107149046B (en
Inventor
安东亚
任勇
黄进
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Henan Mainland Agriculture And Husbandry Technology Ltd By Share Ltd
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Henan Mainland Agriculture And Husbandry Technology Ltd By Share Ltd
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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A23FOODS OR FOODSTUFFS; TREATMENT THEREOF, NOT COVERED BY OTHER CLASSES
    • A23KFODDER
    • A23K50/00Feeding-stuffs specially adapted for particular animals
    • A23K50/30Feeding-stuffs specially adapted for particular animals for swines
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A23FOODS OR FOODSTUFFS; TREATMENT THEREOF, NOT COVERED BY OTHER CLASSES
    • A23KFODDER
    • A23K10/00Animal feeding-stuffs
    • A23K10/10Animal feeding-stuffs obtained by microbiological or biochemical processes
    • A23K10/16Addition of microorganisms or extracts thereof, e.g. single-cell proteins, to feeding-stuff compositions
    • A23K10/18Addition of microorganisms or extracts thereof, e.g. single-cell proteins, to feeding-stuff compositions of live microorganisms
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A23FOODS OR FOODSTUFFS; TREATMENT THEREOF, NOT COVERED BY OTHER CLASSES
    • A23KFODDER
    • A23K10/00Animal feeding-stuffs
    • A23K10/30Animal feeding-stuffs from material of plant origin, e.g. roots, seeds or hay; from material of fungal origin, e.g. mushrooms
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A23FOODS OR FOODSTUFFS; TREATMENT THEREOF, NOT COVERED BY OTHER CLASSES
    • A23KFODDER
    • A23K10/00Animal feeding-stuffs
    • A23K10/30Animal feeding-stuffs from material of plant origin, e.g. roots, seeds or hay; from material of fungal origin, e.g. mushrooms
    • A23K10/37Animal feeding-stuffs from material of plant origin, e.g. roots, seeds or hay; from material of fungal origin, e.g. mushrooms from waste material
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A23FOODS OR FOODSTUFFS; TREATMENT THEREOF, NOT COVERED BY OTHER CLASSES
    • A23KFODDER
    • A23K20/00Accessory food factors for animal feeding-stuffs
    • A23K20/10Organic substances
    • A23K20/158Fatty acids; Fats; Products containing oils or fats
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A23FOODS OR FOODSTUFFS; TREATMENT THEREOF, NOT COVERED BY OTHER CLASSES
    • A23KFODDER
    • A23K20/00Accessory food factors for animal feeding-stuffs
    • A23K20/20Inorganic substances, e.g. oligoelements
    • A23K20/28Silicates, e.g. perlites, zeolites or bentonites
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02PCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES IN THE PRODUCTION OR PROCESSING OF GOODS
    • Y02P60/00Technologies relating to agriculture, livestock or agroalimentary industries
    • Y02P60/80Food processing, e.g. use of renewable energies or variable speed drives in handling, conveying or stacking
    • Y02P60/87Re-use of by-products of food processing for fodder production

Abstract

The present invention relates to field of feed, and in particular to a kind of feature composite dietary, preparation method and application.The feature composite dietary that the present invention is provided includes composite dietary, compound grease, compound lactobacillus and carrier, the wheat bran in conventional feed can be substituted, acted on by coordinated, intestinal environment can be improved, promote intestines peristalsis, the utilization rate of feed is improved, is relaxed bowel, while its production performance can be strengthened.The feature composite dietary that the present invention is provided can be added in the pig feed of herd boar, replacement gilt, farrowing sow and milking sow, can strengthen herd boar sperm motility, reduce prevention of sow constipation rate, improve lactation amount, improve piglet survival ratio and pig weight etc..

Description

Feature composite dietary, preparation method and application
Technical field
The present invention relates to field of feed, more particularly to a kind of feature composite dietary, preparation method and application.
Background technology
Dietary fiber is the Dietary carbohydrates composition for slowly being digested or not being digested by animal in feed.It is in nutrition There is important physiological action, the important role in terms of animal health, extension organism life-span is ensured on.Reasonable selection meals Fiber is eaten, can promote the intestinal health of animal, the production performance of animal is improved, while providing more health and safety for the mankind Livestock products.Fiber content may be reduced by suffering from the chance of enterogastritis in increase feed, while to have sow full for the diet of enlarged volume Sufficient sense, thus the quantitative rear mood eaten daily is stable, and good basis is laid to improve reproductive performance.
But the fiber in pig feed typically has two classes at present.One class is provided by the wheat bran in conventional feed, and wheat bran is fine Dimension need to be combined closely with lignin in cell membrane, and fiber can not be sufficiently separated influence, and it plays a role, and fiber content is low, Less than 9%, it is impossible to meet the nutritional need of pig.Another kind of is pure cellulose additive, is processed and obtained by timber, mainly wood Matter fiber, is made up of insoluble fibre, and content of cellulose is more than 80%, and its addition is small, but it is difficult to mix in feed, and And enteron aisle is stimulated for intermittence, it is impossible to used in large intestine.
In view of this, the present invention is proposed.
The content of the invention
The first object of the present invention is to provide a kind of feature composite dietary, can substitute the bran in conventional feed Skin, meets nutritional need of the pig to fiber, can improve intestinal environment, promotes intestines peristalsis, improves the utilization rate of feed, ease constipation Defaecation, while its production performance can be strengthened.
The second object of the present invention is the preparation method for providing above-mentioned functions composite dietary, simple and convenient, raw Produce efficiency high.
The third object of the present invention is to provide application of the above-mentioned functions composite dietary in pig feed is prepared, fitted Cultivation for herd boar, replacement gilt, farrowing sow and milking sow.
To achieve the above object, the technical solution adopted by the present invention is:
A kind of feature composite dietary, including the following component counted by weight:Composite dietary 660- 950 parts, compound 5-10 parts of 40-65 parts of grease, 2-5 parts of compound lactobacillus and carrier,
Wherein described composite dietary includes following component:Alfalfa meal, seawood meal, megasse, banana skin powder, expanded Asia Numb seed powder, dehydrated celery powder and wood fibre.
Further, the composite dietary includes the following component counted by weight:150-200 parts of alfalfa meal, 100-150 parts of seawood meal, 150-200 parts of megasse, 100-150 parts of banana skin powder, expanded linseed 100-150 parts, it is de- 30-50 parts of 30-50 parts of Chinese celery vegetable powder and wood fibre.
Further, the composite dietary includes the following component counted by weight:Alfalfa meal 170-180 Part, 120-130 parts of seawood meal, 170-180 parts of megasse, 120-130 parts of banana skin powder, expanded linseed 120-130 parts, 35-45 parts of 35-45 parts of dehydrated celery powder and wood fibre.
Further, the compound grease includes the following component counted by weight:10-20 parts of fish oil, soya-bean oil 10- 10-15 parts of 15 parts, 10-15 parts of coconut oil and peanut oil.
Further, the compound lactobacillus is one kind or at least in plant lactobacillus, enterococcus faecalis and VREF Two kinds of mixture.
Further, the compound lactobacillus includes the following component counted by weight:1-3 parts of plant lactobacillus With 1-2 parts of enterococcus faecalis.
Further, the carrier is zeolite powder, defatted rice bran or powdered rice hulls.
Further, the feature composite dietary includes the following component counted by weight:Alfalfa meal 150-200 parts, 100-150 parts of seawood meal, 150-200 parts of megasse, 100-150 parts of banana skin powder, expanded linseed 100-150 parts, 30-50 parts of dehydrated celery powder, 30-50 parts of wood fibre, 10-20 parts of fish oil, 10-15 parts of soya-bean oil, coconut 5-10 parts of oily 10-15 parts, 10-15 parts of peanut oil, 1-3 parts of plant lactobacillus, 1-2 parts of enterococcus faecalis and zeolite powder.
Further, composite dietary, compound grease, compound lactobacillus and carrier are weighed by weight, are mixed Close uniform, that is, obtain feature composite dietary.
Application of the above-mentioned functions composite dietary in pig feed is prepared.
Compared with prior art, the beneficial effects of the present invention are:
1. the feature composite dietary that the present invention is provided includes composite dietary, compound grease, compound lactobacillus And carrier, acted on by coordinated, intestinal environment can be improved, promote intestines peristalsis, improve the utilization rate of feed, ease constipation is led to Just, while can strengthen its production performance, such as enhancing herd boar sperm motility improves boar rutting rate, improves sow and secrete Breast amount, reduces prevention of sow constipation rate, improves survival of piglets number and pig weight etc..
2. the feature composite dietary that the present invention is provided can substitute the wheat bran in conventional feed, meals are provided for pig Fiber, promotes intestines peristalsis, and source is reasonable, matches science.
3. the preparation method for the feature composite dietary that the present invention is provided, simple and convenient, production efficiency is high.
4. the feature composite dietary that the present invention is provided can be added in pig feed, it is adaptable to which herd boar, standby are female The cultivation of pig, farrowing sow and milking sow.For herd boar, addition feature composite dietary can increase herd boar seminal fluid Amount, strengthens sperm motility, improves sperm concentration, reduces teratospermia ratio, improves quality of boar semen;It is female for standby Pig, can increase the average daily gain of replacement gilt, improve rutting rate;For farrowing sow, the production of farrowing sow can be increased Piglet number living, improves piglet just repiece counterpoise, reduces prevention of sow constipation rate;For milking sow, the average daily of milking sow can be increased Feed intake and average daily lactation amount, improve weaned piglet survival rate, weaned piglet head counterpoise and piglet Average weight increasing a day.
Embodiment
Technical scheme is clearly and completely described below in conjunction with embodiment, it is clear that described reality It is a part of embodiment of the invention to apply example, rather than whole embodiments.Based on the embodiment in the present invention, the common skill in this area The every other embodiment that art personnel are obtained under the premise of creative work is not made, belongs to the model that the present invention is protected Enclose.
The need for wheat bran in conventional feed can not meet cultivation pig to dietary fiber, so as to influence the life of modern high yield pig Produce performance, reproductive performance and carcass quality.
The present invention provides a kind of feature composite dietary, including the following component counted by weight:Compound meals 660-950 parts of fiber, compound 5-10 parts of 40-65 parts of grease, 2-5 parts of compound lactobacillus and carrier.
The feature composite dietary that the present invention is provided include composite dietary, compound grease, compound lactobacillus and Carrier, is acted on by coordinated, can improve intestinal environment, promotes intestines peristalsis, improves the utilization rate of feed, and ease constipation is led to Just, while can strengthen its production performance, such as enhancing herd boar sperm motility improves boar rutting rate, improves sow and secrete Breast amount, reduces prevention of sow constipation rate, improves survival of piglets number and pig weight etc..In addition, the feature that the present invention is provided is combined meals Food fiber can substitute the wheat bran in conventional feed, and dietary fiber is provided for pig, promote intestines peristalsis, and source is reasonable, proportioning section Learn.
In the present invention, composite dietary includes following component:It is alfalfa meal, seawood meal, megasse, banana skin powder, expanded Linseed meal, dehydrated celery powder and wood fibre.
Alfalfa meal, is the powder that the young stem and leaf of the first Mu of a kind of purple head Mus of legume or south is made.Contain in right amount in clover Crude fibre, can promote the intestinal peristalsis of pig, improve carcass quality, help to defecate and toxin excretion, preventing and treating constipation and intestines Cancer, while improving the reproductive performance of pig.The rear physique healthy and strong of pig feed, gloss has directly for improving livestock protein content The facilitation connect.The alfalfa meal of optimal level is added in pig feed can improve production performance, reproductive performance and the trunk of pig Quality.
In the present invention, alfalfa meal is typical but non-limiting content is:150 parts, 155 parts, 160 parts, 165 parts, 170 parts, 175 Part, 180 parts, 185 parts, 190 parts, 195 parts or 200 parts.
Seawood meal is, using marine natural marine alga as major ingredient, to be aided with a small amount of marine microalgae retrofit and form.It is rich in seawood meal Containing amino acid and protein, additionally containing algal polysaccharides, mannitol, amino acid, protein, vitamin and potassium, iron, calcium, phosphorus, The trace elements such as iodine, selenium, cobalt.Seawood meal is added in feed, can growing with piglet, the production performance of raising pig.
In the present invention, seawood meal is typical but non-limiting content is:100 parts, 105 parts, 110 parts, 115 parts, 120 parts, 125 Part, 130 parts, 135 parts, 140 parts, 145 parts or 150 parts.
Megasse, be sugaring byproduct, be beet root, stem tuber by immersion, squeezing extract liquid glucose after residue, therefore Water insoluble material is largely present in residue, and particularly crude fibre all retains.Megasse is the good succulent fodder of domestic animal, There is galgctogogue action to sow, main component is soluble N-free thing, and protein and fat are seldom, and calcic is extremely more, phosphorous few, Palatability is strong, more containing crude fibre.
In the present invention, megasse is typical but non-limiting content is:150 parts, 155 parts, 160 parts, 165 parts, 170 parts, 175 Part, 180 parts, 185 parts, 190 parts, 195 parts or 200 parts.
Banana skin powder, deep processing is carried out by banana skin, and powdery is ground to form after being baked.Contain phenols, egg in banana skin White matter and carbohydrate, also containing nutritional ingredients such as multivitamin, trace element and inorganic salts, can provide protein, fat for pig With the nutriment such as carbohydrate.Banana skin powder content of cellulose is high simultaneously, it is easy to digest and assimilate, and improves the appetite of pig, accelerates pig The speed of growth, while the intestines problem of pig can also be reduced.
In the present invention, banana skin powder is typical but non-limiting content is:100 parts, 105 parts, 110 parts, 115 parts, 120 parts, 125 parts, 130 parts, 135 parts, 140 parts, 145 parts or 150 parts.
Expanded linseed is the linseed obtained after expanded extruding.Linseed, also referred to as flaxseed, main component be oil and Protein, also containing a certain amount of flaxseed gum and lignanoid.Wherein flaxseed gum or a kind of good dietary fiber, can Promote digesting and assimilating for pig, prevent and treat the intestines problem of pig.But the contained anti-battalion such as cyanogenic glycoside and antivitamin B6 in linseed The foster factor limits its application in pig feed to a certain extent.Extrusion pressing puffing process mesohigh, high temperature, the shearing of screw rod Effect can accelerate the hydrolysis of cyanogenic glycoside, so as to reduce its content, reach the effect of detoxification.Expanded linseed is in crineous, With expanded fragrance, particle is loose, good as feed palatability.
In the present invention, expanded linseed is typical but non-limiting content is:100 parts, 105 parts, 110 parts, 115 parts, 120 Part, 125 parts, 130 parts, 135 parts, 140 parts, 145 parts or 150 parts.
Dehydrated celery powder.Celery is a kind of delicious, nutritious important vegetable, and celery is high fiber food, it Enteral digested effect produces the material of a kind of lignin or enteral fat, can suppress the carcinogen of intestinal bacterium generation, promotes Gastrointestinal peristalsis, reduce chyme is combined by the gastral time, and with potential harmful substance in body, reduction harmful substance and The chance of intestinal mucosa cells contacting.In addition, also containing the abundant mineral matter such as vitamin and calcium, iron, phosphorus in celery.
In the present invention, dehydrated celery powder is typical but non-limiting content is:30 parts, 31 parts, 32 parts, 33 parts, 34 parts, 35 Part, 36 parts, 37 parts, 38 parts, 39 parts or 40 parts.
Wood fibre is organic wadding fibrous thing that natural reproducible timber is obtained by chemical treatment, Mechanical Method processing Matter.Wood fibre is insoluble fibre, helps to maintain the normal configuration and function of pig stomach enteron aisle.
In the present invention, wood fiber powder is typical but non-limiting content is:30 parts, 31 parts, 32 parts, 33 parts, 34 parts, 35 Part, 36 parts, 37 parts, 38 parts, 39 parts or 40 parts.
Composite dietary source matches science from reasonable in the present invention.It is fine that different types of meals are added in proportion Dimension, can promote digesting and assimilating for pig, improve carcass quality, improve the reproductive performance of pig, prevent and treat the intestines problem of pig.
As the optional embodiment of the present invention, composite dietary includes the following component counted by weight:Clover 170-180 parts of powder, 120-130 parts of seawood meal, 170-180 parts of megasse, 120-130 parts of banana skin powder, expanded linseed 35-45 parts of 120-130 parts, 35-45 parts of dehydrated celery powder and wood fibre.
In the present invention, being combined grease includes fish oil, soya-bean oil, coconut oil and peanut oil.On the one hand, grease is a kind of in itself High-quality, high concentration energy source amount, easily absorbs in pig conversion in the body.On the other hand, can to provide animal necessary for grease Unrighted acid.Promote absorbing for other compositions simultaneously, grease can provide energy for pig hindgut, can improve feed The feeding value of middle fiber.In addition, grease is added in diet can also improve palatability, increase feed in the residence time of enteron aisle, Be conducive to digesting and assimilating and utilizing for other nutritional ingredients, i.e., with " energization effect ", what high temperature season can reduce animal stress Reaction.Therefore, addition grease can significantly improve production performance and reduce feeding cost, particularly with the fast production cycle of growing The high animal effect of short or production performance becomes apparent.
Compound grease includes the following component counted by weight:10-20 parts of fish oil, 10-15 parts of soya-bean oil, coconut oil 10-15 parts and 10-15 parts of peanut oil.
Fish oil is the byproduct of fish meal processing, is fish and its discarded object through steaming, squeezing and be isolated.The master of fish oil Wanting composition is:Triglyceride, phosphorus glycerin ether, lipoid, liposoluble vitamin, and protein degradation thing etc..Fish oil is absorbed by pig Afterwards, be converted into energy for its activity consumption, improve in feed using energy, reduce the Partial Protein as energy resource consumption Matter, has reached and has saved protein, improves fodder energy, reduction feed cost, the purpose grown for promoting pig.Fish oil except Necessary to offer animal outside n-3 long-chain poly unsaturated fatty acids, also as the load of fat-soluble A, D and carotenoid etc. Body promotes vitamin to be utilized with fat-soluble material absorbing.
In the present invention, fish oil is typical but non-limiting content is:10 parts, 11 parts, 12 parts, 13 parts, 14 parts, 15 parts, 16 parts, 17 parts, 18 parts, 19 parts or 20 parts.
Soya-bean oil is mainly made up of 5 kinds of aliphatic acid such as palmitic acid, stearic acid, oleic acid, linoleic acid and leukotrienes.In general, Linoleic acid content highest, accounts for content of fatty acid more than 50-55%.And linoleic acid is the essential fatty acid that sow needs, pig feed Middle addition soya-bean oil can increase the fertility of sow.
In the present invention, soya-bean oil is typical but non-limiting content is:10 parts, 11 parts, 12 parts, 13 parts, 14 parts or 15 parts.
Ratio of the coconut oil containing Short-Chain Fatty Acids is very high, up to more than 80%, in terms of animal feeding, and coconut oil can be notable Reduction ruminant tumor gastric in infusorian quantity and methanogen quantity, it is but total in growth to animal and cud Bacterial population, cellulose decomposition fungi number, pH value and protozoan number have no significant effect.This is for animal breeding, coconut palm Seed oil is a health and the feed addictive with development prospect.
In the present invention, coconut oil is typical but non-limiting content is:10 parts, 11 parts, 12 parts, 13 parts, 14 parts or 15 parts.
Peanut oil contains unrighted acid more than 80%, mainly oleic acid and linoleic acid.Linoleic acid can increase the numerous of sow Grow ability.
In the present invention, peanut oil is typical but non-limiting content is:10 parts, 11 parts, 12 parts, 13 parts, 14 parts or 15 parts.
Using compound grease, different types of grease is added in proportion, the complementation in aliphatic acid is reached, can be improved The utilization ratio of feed, and promote the feeding value of composite dietary.
Compound lactobacillus is one kind or at least two mixture in plant lactobacillus, enterococcus faecalis and VREF. Addition compound lactobacillus can improve intestinal environment, suppress the generation of harmful substance in enteron aisle, improve immunity of organisms, reduce hair Sick rate and improvement meat.
Plant lactobacillus is that separation screening comes out from traditional vegetalitas fermented food such as pickles, salted vegetables, thick broad-bean sauce One class lactic acid bacteria, its can effective relief of constipation, improve intestinal environment, suppress the generation of harmful substance in enteron aisle, while plant Lactic acid bacteria can also strengthen immunocompetence, improve anti-infection ability, anti-mutagen.
Enterococcus faecalis is can to form biofilm in animal intestinal tract to be attached on animal intestinal tract mucous membrane, and develops, gives birth to Long and breeding, can suppress the growth of the pathogens such as Escherichia coli and salmonella, improve intestinal microenvironment.In addition, excrement intestines bar Bacterium can soften the fiber in feed, improve the conversion ratio of feed.
VREF has stronger tolerance and colonization ability in intestinal mucosa, and with stronger resistance, can improve Growth of animal performance, improves immunity of organisms, reduces the incidence of disease and improves the physiological functions such as meat.
Because microorganism fungus kind species itself is various, easily variation, bacterium number is unstable, so the compatibility of microorganism fungus kind, bacterium Falling sum, to probiotics, the performance of function in animal gastrointestinal tract can produce important influence with addition.The present invention selects plant Lactic acid bacteria, enterococcus faecalis and VREF, and suitable proportioning is selected, compound lactobacillus is formed, stability is good, can be effectively Played a role in animal intestinal tract, regulation and control gut flora balance.
As the optional embodiment of the present invention, compound lactobacillus includes the following component counted by weight:Plant breast Sour bacterium 1-3 parts and 1-2 parts of enterococcus faecalis.
The feature composite dietary that the present invention is provided also includes carrier, for carrying composite dietary, compound oil Fat and this kind of active material of compound lactobacillus, make it be evenly distributed in feed, while preventing feed mold from luming.
As the optional embodiment of the present invention, carrier is zeolite powder, defatted rice bran or powdered rice hulls.
The feature composite dietary that the present invention is provided, can substitute the wheat bran in conventional feed, meals are provided for pig Fiber, source is reasonable, matches science.Meanwhile, matched somebody with somebody by the collaboration of composite dietary, compound grease, compound lactobacillus three Cooperation is used, and can improve intestinal environment, promotes intestines peristalsis, is improved the utilization rate of feed, is relaxed bowel, while can strengthen it Production performance, such as enhancing herd boar sperm motility, improve boar rutting rate, improve milk yield of sow, reduce prevention of sow constipation Rate, improves survival of piglets number and pig weight etc..
As the optional embodiment of the present invention, feature composite dietary including counting such as the following group by weight Point:150-200 parts of alfalfa meal, 100-150 parts of seawood meal, 150-200 parts of megasse, 100-150 parts of banana skin powder, expanded Asia Numb seed 100-150 parts, 30-50 parts of dehydrated celery powder, 30-50 parts of wood fibre, 10-20 parts of fish oil, 10-15 parts of soya-bean oil, 5-10 parts of 10-15 parts of coconut oil, 10-15 parts of peanut oil, 1-3 parts of plant lactobacillus, 1-2 parts of enterococcus faecalis and zeolite powder.
It should be noted that the beneficial effect for the feature composite dietary that the present invention is provided is by its specific raw material What component and proportioning were determined, if component and its not mutually coordinated, the beneficial effect that single component is brought, it is likely that meeting of proportioning Cut down by other components and even eliminate, do not have whole synthesis effect.The present invention is by substantial amounts of research and verifies repeatedly, obtains The optimum combination and proportioning of feature composite dietary so that multiple components combine, mutually coordinated, produce positive Synergy.The feature composite dietary that the present invention is provided, originates and matches scientific and reasonable, can improve intestinal environment, Promote intestines peristalsis, improve the utilization rate of feed, relax bowel, while its production performance can be strengthened.
The preparation method of above-mentioned functions composite dietary, including weigh composite dietary by weight, be combined Grease, compound lactobacillus and carrier, are mixed uniformly, that is, obtain feature composite dietary.The preparation method is simply square Just, production efficiency is high.
Above-mentioned functions composite dietary is added in pig feed, applied to herd boar, replacement gilt, farrowing sow With the cultivation of milking sow.
In order to be better understood from the present invention, with reference to embodiment, the invention will be further described.
Embodiment 1
The feature composite dietary that embodiment 1 is provided includes 170 parts of alfalfa meal, 120 parts of seawood meal, megasse 170 Part, 120 parts of banana skin powder, 120 parts of expanded linseed, 40 parts of dehydrated celery powder, 40 parts of wood fibre, 15 parts of fish oil, soya-bean oil 12 Part, 12 parts of coconut oil, 12 parts of peanut oil, 2 parts of plant lactobacillus and 7 parts of 1 part of enterococcus faecalis and zeolite powder.
Embodiment 2
The feature composite dietary that embodiment 2 is provided includes 150 parts of alfalfa meal, 100 parts of seawood meal, megasse 150 Part, 100 parts of banana skin powder, 100 parts of expanded linseed, 30 parts of dehydrated celery powder, 30 parts of wood fibre, 10 parts of fish oil, soya-bean oil 10 Part, 10 parts of coconut oil, 10 parts of peanut oil, 1 part of plant lactobacillus and 5 parts of 1 part of enterococcus faecalis and zeolite powder.
Embodiment 3
The feature composite dietary that embodiment 3 is provided includes 200 parts of alfalfa meal, 150 parts of seawood meal, megasse 200 Part, 150 parts of banana skin powder, 150 parts of expanded linseed, 50 parts of dehydrated celery powder, 50 parts of wood fibre, 20 parts of fish oil, soya-bean oil 15 Part, 15 parts of coconut oil, 15 parts of peanut oil, 3 parts of plant lactobacillus and 10 parts of 2 parts of enterococcus faecalis and zeolite powder.
Embodiment 4
The feature composite dietary that embodiment 4 is provided includes 180 parts of alfalfa meal, 140 parts of seawood meal, megasse 180 Part, 130 parts of banana skin powder, 110 parts of expanded linseed, 35 parts of dehydrated celery powder, 45 parts of wood fibre, 17 parts of fish oil, soya-bean oil 13 Part, 12 parts of coconut oil, 13 parts of peanut oil, 2 parts of plant lactobacillus and 10 parts of 2 parts of excrement enterobacteria and defatted rice bran.
Embodiment 5
The feature composite dietary that embodiment 5 is provided includes 160 parts of alfalfa meal, 130 parts of seawood meal, megasse 160 Part, 110 parts of banana skin powder, 130 parts of expanded linseed, 45 parts of dehydrated celery powder, 35 parts of wood fibre, 12 parts of fish oil, soya-bean oil 11 Part, 13 parts of coconut oil, 14 parts of peanut oil, 2 parts of enterococcus faecalis and 10 parts of 2 parts of excrement enterobacteria and powdered rice hulls.
Comparative example 1
Comparative example 1 provide feature composite dietary include 260 parts of alfalfa meal, 40 parts of seawood meal, 60 parts of megasse, 160 parts of banana skin powder, 60 parts of expanded linseed, 70 parts of dehydrated celery powder, 10 parts of wood fibre, 5 parts of fish oil, 20 parts of soya-bean oil, coconut palm 5 parts of 2 parts of seed oil, 20 parts of peanut oil, 5 parts of plant lactobacillus and enterococcus faecalis and 12 parts of zeolite powder.
Comparative example 2
The feature composite dietary that comparative example 2 is provided includes 120 parts of alfalfa meal, 60 parts of seawood meal, megasse 260 Part, 60 parts of banana skin powder, 180 parts of expanded linseed, 10 parts of dehydrated celery powder, 60 parts of wood fibre, 30 parts of fish oil, 2 parts of soya-bean oil, 1 part of 20 parts of coconut oil, 2 parts of peanut oil, 1 part of plant lactobacillus and enterococcus faecalis and 2 parts of zeolite powder.
Comparative example 3
The difference of comparative example 3 and embodiment 1 is to be not added with compound grease.
Comparative example 4
The difference of comparative example 4 and embodiment 1 is to be not added with compound lactobacillus.
Comparative example 5
The difference of comparative example 5 and embodiment 1 is to be not added with composite dietary.
Comparative example 6
Comparative example 6 is using the wheat bran in conventional feed.
Effect example 1 adds feature composite dietary and prepares influence of the feed to herd boar
This experiment uses corn+bean pulp type basal diet, constitutes as 58 parts of corn, 20 parts of dregs of beans, 6 parts of fish meal, di(2-ethylhexyl)phosphate 1 part of hydrogen calcium, 0.5 part of salt, 0.1 part of Choline Chloride, 0.3 part of composite trace element, 0.1 part of B B-complex, lysine 0.3 Part, 0.2 part of methionine, 0.1 part of threonine and 0.1 part of mold toxin sorbent.
Wherein:Composite trace element is in basic copper chloride, ferric sulfate, manganese sulfate, zinc sulfate, sodium selenite and calcium iodate At least two mixture;
B B-complex is vitamin vitamin A, vitamine D3, Vitamin K3, vitamin B1, vitamin B2, vitamin At least two mixture in B6, vitamin B12, nicotinic acid, pantothenic acid and folic acid.
Age in days, health status and the basically identical herd boar 90 of body weight are taken, 9 groups is randomly divided into, every group 10, divided It is not:A groups, B groups, C groups, D groups, E groups, F groups, G groups, H groups and I groups, wherein, A-C groups add 10 parts respectively in basal diet The feature composite dietaries that provide of embodiment 1-3, D-I groups add 10 parts of comparative example respectively in basal diet The feature composite dietary that 1-6 is provided.
Specific feeding method is feeding amount 2.0-3.0 kg/days, during which free water, other feeding managements and immune journey Sequence is carried out by pig farm standard is unified, test period 60 days.
Influence of each group feed to herd boar is shown in Table 1.
Influence of each group feed of table 1 to herd boar
From table 1 it follows that the feed for the feature composite dietary that addition is provided according to the present invention, i.e. A groups, B Group and C groups, herd boar semen volume are more than 260 milliliters, and sperm motility is higher than 80%, and sperm concentration is more than 3.8 hundred million/milliliter, essence Sub- abnormal rate is less than 5%.The protection that the feature composite dietary added in the feed of D groups and E groups is not provided in the present invention In the range of, herd boar semen volume, sperm motility and sperm concentration are below A, B and C group, and rate of teratosperm is higher than A, B and C group.F Group is not added with compound grease, and G groups are not added with compound lactobacillus, and H groups are not added with composite dietary, add F groups, G groups and H groups Functional dietary fiber, herd boar semen volume, sperm motility and sperm concentration are below A, B and C group, rate of teratosperm higher than A, B and C groups.I groups are using the wheat bran in conventional feed, and its herd boar semen volume, sperm motility and sperm concentration ratio are relatively low, and sperm is abnormal Form quotient is higher.It can be seen that the feature composite dietary that the addition present invention is provided, can increase herd boar semen volume, enhancing essence Sub- vigor, improves sperm concentration, reduces teratospermia ratio, quality of boar semen is improved, so as to improve successfully efficiency of breeding With boar breeding potential, extend boar service life.
Effect example 2 adds feature composite dietary and prepares influence of the feed to replacement gilt
Age in days, health status and the basically identical replacement gilt 90 of body weight are taken, 9 groups are randomly divided into, every group 10, Respectively:A groups, B groups, C groups, D groups, E groups, F groups, G groups, H groups and I groups, wherein, this experiment uses above-mentioned corn+bean pulp type base Plinth daily ration.A-C groups add the feature composite dietary that 10 parts of embodiment 1,4 and 5 is provided respectively in basal diet, D-I groups add the feature composite dietary that 10 parts of comparative example 1-6 is provided respectively in basal diet.
Specific feeding method is feeding amount 2.0-3.0 kg/days, during which free water, other feeding managements and immune journey Sequence is carried out by pig farm standard is unified, and test period is that 75 kilograms of sow extremely breeds.
Influence of each group feed to replacement gilt is shown in Table 2.
Influence of each group feed of table 2 to replacement gilt
From Table 2, it can be seen that the feed for the feature composite dietary that addition is provided according to the present invention, i.e. A groups, B Group and C groups, replacement gilt average daily gain is more than 770 kg/days, and rutting rate is not less than 90%.The feeding of D groups and E groups The feature composite dietary added in material is not in the protection domain that the present invention is provided, the average daily gain body of replacement gilt A, B and C group are below with rutting rate.F groups are not added with compound grease, and G groups are not added with compound lactobacillus, and H groups are not added with multiple Close dietary fiber, the functional dietary fiber of addition F groups, G groups and H groups, the average daily gain of replacement gilt and rutting rate Below A, B and C group.I groups are using the wheat bran in conventional feed, and the average daily gain of replacement gilt is only 701 kg/days, hair Feelings breeding rate is 70%.It can be seen that the feature composite dietary that the addition present invention is provided, can increase being averaged for replacement gilt Daily gain and rutting rate, so as to improve breed successfully efficiency and boar breeding potential.
Effect example 3 adds feature composite dietary and prepares influence of the feed to farrowing sow
Farrowing sow lacks motion, while as fetus increases, the uterus extruding enteron aisle that in-pig is expanded causes enteron aisle Wriggling slows down, and extends emptying time, so that fecal water then produces constipation by taken in excess, it is one kind of farrowing sow Disease.
Age in days, health status and the basically identical replacement gilt 90 of body weight are taken, 9 groups are randomly divided into, every group 10, Respectively:A groups, B groups, C groups, D groups, E groups, F groups, G groups, H groups and I groups, wherein, this experiment uses above-mentioned corn+bean pulp type base Plinth daily ration.A-C groups add the feature composite dietary that 12 parts of embodiment 1,3 and 4 is provided respectively in basal diet, D-I groups add the feature composite dietary that 12 parts of comparative example 1-6 is provided respectively in basal diet.
Influence of each group feed to farrowing sow is shown in Table 3.
Influence of each group feed of table 3 to farrowing sow
From table 3 it is observed that the feed for the feature composite dietary that addition is provided according to the present invention, i.e. A groups, B Group and C groups, production piglet number living are higher than 10.5, and just repiece counterpoise is higher than 1.35 kilograms to piglet, and prevention of sow constipation rate is not higher than 20%.D The feature composite dietary added in the feed with E groups is organized not in the protection domain that the present invention is provided, farrowing sow Just repiece counterpoise is below A, B and C group for production piglet number living and piglet, and prevention of sow constipation rate is 30%.F groups are not added with compound oil Fat, G groups are not added with compound lactobacillus, and H groups are not added with composite dietary, and the feature meals of addition F groups, G groups and H groups are fine Just repiece counterpoise is below A, B and C group for dimension, the production work piglet number of farrowing sow and piglet, and prevention of sow constipation rate is higher than A, B and C group. I groups are using the wheat bran in conventional feed, and just repiece counterpoise is minimum for the production work piglet number of farrowing sow and piglet, and prevention of sow constipation rate reaches 50%, the heat increment that this is primarily due to wheat bran is high, and summer can increase the heat stress of farrowing sow using the wheat bran of high content, and Heat stress causes sow endocrine disturbance, has further aggravated the generation of constipation.It can be seen that the feature that the addition present invention is provided is answered Dietary fiber is closed, the production work piglet number of increase farrowing sow improves piglet just repiece counterpoise, prevention of sow constipation rate reduced, so as to carry The economic benefit of high Swine Production.
Effect example 4 adds feature composite dietary and prepares influence of the feed to milking sow
The expected date of childbirth, parity, health status and the basically identical milking sow 90 of body weight are taken, 9 groups are randomly divided into, often Group 10, be respectively:A groups, B groups, C groups, D groups, E groups, F groups, G groups, H groups and I groups, wherein, this experiment uses above-mentioned corn+beans Dregs of rice type basal diet.The feature that the embodiment 1,2 and 5 that A-C groups add 10 parts respectively in basal diet is provided is combined meals Fiber, D-I groups add the feature composite dietary that 10 parts of comparative example 1-6 is provided respectively in basal diet.
Specifically feeding method is:1.0 kilograms are fed on the day of Farrowing, 1.5 kg/days are fed within the 1-3 days, hereafter carried out certainly By searching for food.Period free water, other feeding managements and immune programme for children are carried out by pig farm standard is unified, and test period is to be transferred to The day (gestation 107 days) of farrowing house weans on the 21st to piglet.
Influence of each group feed to milking sow is shown in Table 4.
Influence of each group feed of table 4 to milking sow
As can be seen from Table 4, the feed for the feature composite dietary that addition is provided according to the present invention, i.e. A groups, B Group and C groups, the average daily feed intake of milking sow are more than 7.2 kg/days, and average daily lactation amount is more than 8.5 liters/day, weaned piglet into Motility rate is higher than 90%, and weaned piglet head counterpoise is higher than 8.2 kilograms, and piglet Average weight increasing a day is higher than 250 grams/day.The feeding of D groups and E groups The feature composite dietary added in material not in the protection domain that provides of the present invention, the average daily feed intake of milking sow, Average daily lactation amount, weaned piglet survival rate, weaned piglet head counterpoise and piglet Average weight increasing a day are below A, B and C group.F groups do not add Plus compound grease, G groups are not added with compound lactobacillus, and H groups are not added with composite dietary, the feature of addition F groups, G groups and H groups Dietary fiber, average daily feed intake, average daily lactation amount, weaned piglet survival rate, weaned piglet head counterpoise and the piglet of milking sow Average weight increasing a day is below A, B and C group.I groups the average daily feed intake of its milking sow, are daily secreted using the wheat bran in conventional feed Breast amount, weaned piglet survival rate, weaned piglet head counterpoise and piglet Average weight increasing a day all when it is minimum.It can be seen that the addition present invention is provided Feature composite dietary, can increase the average daily feed intake and average daily lactation amount of milking sow, improve weaned piglet into Motility rate, weaned piglet head counterpoise and piglet Average weight increasing a day.
Finally it should be noted that:Various embodiments above is merely illustrative of the technical solution of the present invention, rather than its limitations;To the greatest extent The present invention is described in detail with reference to foregoing embodiments for pipe, it will be understood by those within the art that:Its according to The technical scheme described in foregoing embodiments can so be modified, or which part or all technical characteristic are entered Row equivalent substitution;And these modifications or replacement, the essence of appropriate technical solution is departed from various embodiments of the present invention technology The scope of scheme.

Claims (10)

1. a kind of feature composite dietary, it is characterised in that including the following component counted by weight:Compound meals are fine 660-950 parts of dimension, compound 5-10 parts of 40-65 parts of grease, 2-5 parts of compound lactobacillus and carrier,
Wherein described composite dietary includes following component:Alfalfa meal, seawood meal, megasse, banana skin powder, expanded linseed Powder, dehydrated celery powder and wood fibre.
2. feature composite dietary according to claim 1, it is characterised in that the composite dietary includes pressing The following component of parts by weight meter:150-200 parts of alfalfa meal, 100-150 parts of seawood meal, 150-200 parts of megasse, banana 30-50 parts of 100-150 parts of skin powder, expanded linseed 100-150 parts, 30-50 parts of dehydrated celery powder and wood fibre.
3. feature composite dietary according to claim 2, it is characterised in that the composite dietary includes pressing The following component of parts by weight meter:170-180 parts of alfalfa meal, 120-130 parts of seawood meal, 170-180 parts of megasse, banana 35-45 parts of 120-130 parts of skin powder, expanded linseed 120-130 parts, 35-45 parts of dehydrated celery powder and wood fibre.
4. feature composite dietary according to claim 1, it is characterised in that the compound grease is included by weight The following component of number meter:10-15 parts of 10-20 parts of fish oil, 10-15 parts of soya-bean oil, 10-15 parts of coconut oil and peanut oil.
5. feature composite dietary according to claim 1, it is characterised in that the compound lactobacillus is plant breast One kind or at least two mixture in sour bacterium, enterococcus faecalis and VREF.
6. feature composite dietary according to claim 5, it is characterised in that the compound lactobacillus is included by weight Measure the following component of number meter:1-2 parts of 1-3 parts of plant lactobacillus and enterococcus faecalis.
7. the feature composite dietary according to claim any one of 1-6, it is characterised in that the carrier is boiling Stone flour, defatted rice bran or powdered rice hulls.
8. feature composite dietary according to claim 7, it is characterised in that the feature composite dietary Including the following component counted by weight:150-200 parts of alfalfa meal, 100-150 parts of seawood meal, megasse 150-200 Part, 100-150 parts of banana skin powder, expanded linseed 100-150 parts, 30-50 parts of dehydrated celery powder, wood fibre 30-50 Part, 10-20 parts of fish oil, 10-15 parts of soya-bean oil, 10-15 parts of coconut oil, 10-15 parts of peanut oil, 1-3 parts of plant lactobacillus, 5-10 parts of 1-2 parts of enterococcus faecalis and zeolite powder.
9. the preparation method of the feature composite dietary described in a kind of any one of claim 1-8, it is characterised in that press Parts by weight weigh composite dietary, compound grease, compound lactobacillus and carrier, are mixed uniformly, that is, obtain feature Composite dietary.
10. a kind of application of the feature composite dietary described in any one of claim 1-8 in pig feed is prepared.
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