CN102090543A - Nettle pig feed - Google Patents

Nettle pig feed Download PDF

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Publication number
CN102090543A
CN102090543A CN2011100019165A CN201110001916A CN102090543A CN 102090543 A CN102090543 A CN 102090543A CN 2011100019165 A CN2011100019165 A CN 2011100019165A CN 201110001916 A CN201110001916 A CN 201110001916A CN 102090543 A CN102090543 A CN 102090543A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
nettle
pig feed
pig
feed
powder
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Pending
Application number
CN2011100019165A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
杨玉荣
李冬野
姜义宝
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Henan Agricultural University
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Henan Agricultural University
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Priority to CN2011100019165A priority Critical patent/CN102090543A/en
Publication of CN102090543A publication Critical patent/CN102090543A/en
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02PCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES IN THE PRODUCTION OR PROCESSING OF GOODS
    • Y02P60/00Technologies relating to agriculture, livestock or agroalimentary industries
    • Y02P60/80Food processing, e.g. use of renewable energies or variable speed drives in handling, conveying or stacking
    • Y02P60/87Re-use of by-products of food processing for fodder production

Abstract

The invention discloses a nettle pig feed, wherein nettle powder or a nettle extract is utilized to replace an antibiotic and added into the pig feed, and the adding amount of the nettle powder and the adding amount of the nettle extract respectively account for 3.0-7.5% and 0.05-0.5% of the total weight of the pig feed. By feeding pigs with the nettle pig feed, the growth rate is accelerated, the digestion and absorption capacity is enhanced, the pig immunity is improved, the occurrence of diseases is reduced, the feed reward is improved, the feeding cost is reduced, and the economic benefits are improved. Particularly, the feed formed by matching does not produce any toxic and side effects to the growth of the pigs, and no residue of the feed exists in produced pork; furthermore, as nettle contains various substances with biological activity, such as flavonoids, polysaccharides and the like, the immunity of animal bodies can be improved, the application of the antibiotic and veterinary medicaments can be reduced, safe livestock products can be produced, and the nettle pig feed is conductive to human health. By applying the nettle pig feed, the demands of people on green foods and green safe pork are gradually enhanced.

Description

The nettle pig feed
Technical field:
The present invention relates to a kind of animal and fowl fodder, relate in particular to a kind of nettle pig feed that utilizes nettle as effective material composition.
Background technology:
The extensive animal husbandry feeding manner of modernization, when having improved speed of production, many problems have also been brought, the livestock products quality reduces and various diseases takes place livestock and poultry easily, and the harm that a large amount of interpolation antibiotics and additive cause human health in the feed, these problems affect the sound development of China's animal husbandry.High-quality feed is the assurance of production high-quality livestock products, and China presses for the quality and the quality that can improve animal products at present, and is useful to the animal health growth, to consumer's healthy and helpful harmless feed.There are many plant resourceses in China, a lot of active materials and nutritional labeling are contained in the inside, very high medical value is arranged, have special effect and function, from plant, reasonably select development and utilization, the extraction beneficiating ingredient also adds in the feed, is to improve livestock and poultry production performance and ensure livestock products safety, an effective way of producing high-quality feed.
Summary of the invention:
In order to make full use of plant resources, enlarge the pig feed raw material sources, reduce the generation of pig disease, improve the quality of livestock products, the objective of the invention is according to pig growth and nutritional need characteristics, provide a kind of nettle natural plants that utilizes to join the nettle pig feed of making in the pig feed as active ingredient, this nettle pig feed can promote the pig faster growing, improve the price of deed, improve the pig immunocompetence, reduced the generation of disease, reduced the use of veterinary drugs such as antibiotic, reduce the drug residue of livestock products, improved the livestock products quality.
Technical scheme of the present invention realizes in the following manner:
A kind of nettle pig feed, it is to utilize the nettle powder to substitute antibiotic to join in the pig feed, its addition accounts for the 3.0-7.5% of pig feed gross weight.
Described nettle pig feed can also be with following raw material weight percentage preparation:
Corn 60-68, dregs of beans 12.8-28.3, wheat bran 4-10, fish meal 0-5, calcium bicarbonate 0.8-1.2, stone flour 0.7-1.0, salt 0.1-0.3, premix 1, nettle powder 3.0-7.5 carry out the proportioning mixing with above-mentioned raw materials and mix thoroughly, and each component adds up to 100 parts.
The preparation of nettle powder: get delicate stem stalk of nettle and blade and carry out airing, should dry in the shade or flash baking,, be ground into grass meal then to reduce the loss of nutriment.
Technical scheme of the present invention can also realize in the following manner:
A kind of nettle pig feed, it is that the nettle extract is joined in the pig feed, its addition accounts for the 0.05-0.5% of pig feed gross weight.
Described pig feed is prepared according to following raw material weight percentage:
Corn 58-70, dregs of beans 16-28.3, wheat bran 3-10, fish meal 0-6, calcium bicarbonate 0.8-1.5, stone flour 0.7-1.3, salt 0-0.3, premix 1, nettle extract 0.05-0.5%, above-mentioned raw materials is carried out the proportioning mixing mix thoroughly, each component adds up to 100 parts.
The preparation of nettle extract: get fresh nettle, it is pulverized making beating, with the squeezer squeezing, collect juice, drying obtains green flour powder material.
In order to make nettle contained various nutrition and extracts active ingredients clean, the residue after the squeezing is added the moisture of nettle weight 1/10th, stir and soaked making beating once more, squeezing 20 minutes; Residue after the squeezing is for the second time added the moisture of nettle weight 1/10th, stir and soaked making beating for the third time, squeezing 20 minutes; Three times juice are mixed, and drying obtains green flour powder material.
Nettle contains protein, vitamin and mineral matter and polysaccharide, flavones isoreactivity material.This processing mode has farthest kept the nutritional labeling of nettle, has reduced the high adverse effect that the pig growth is caused of adding of content of cellulose in the nettle, has reduced the loss that nettle airing and fallen leaves etc. cause simultaneously, and especially method is simple.
The raw material of all feeds all meets national feedstuff industry standard, and premix provides the minerals and vitamins in the feed.
Its nettle pig feed can be applied in piglet, the growing and fattening swine rearing.
The plant of nettle contains the elements such as phosphorus, magnesium, iron, zinc, manganese, silicon, sulphur, calcium, sodium, brill, copper and titanium of rich in protein, multivitamin, carrotene and various trace, also contains abundant carrotene and vitamin C.It is nutritious high-quality animal and fowl fodder.These nutritional labelings and material can balances and are improved daily ration, improve efficiency of feed utilization.Nettle still is a kind of herbal medicine that can prevent and treat multiple disease, contain many active materials, comprise that mainly its active component mainly contains flavonoids, organic acid, phenols, the plain class of phenylpropyl alcohol, river alcohol, protein, polysaccharide and other compounds, these materials can stimulate endocrine in animal body, immunologic function is strengthened, and the present invention has utilized the multiple nutritional components of nettle and the dual-use function of active material not only to guarantee the trophic function of feed but also guarantee its disease-resistant function.
Nettle is abundant in china natural resources, in China distribution is arranged all from southwest to northeast, and adaptive capacity is strong, and its raw material is cheap and easy to get.Nettle is to be rich in multiple bioactivator to have medicinal and feeding double effects, the present invention can play the nutritional supplementation effect to the concentrated feed of pig, has enriched the nutritional labeling of feed, and its active material that contains, promoting the pig faster growing, improved the price of deed.
Good effect of the present invention is: accelerate by the speed of growth of the nettle feed pig of feeding as seen from the experiment, the ability of digesting and assimilating strengthens, improved the pig immunocompetence, reduce the generation of disease, improved the price of deed, big disease does not take place in piglet and growing and fattening pigs, has reduced feeding cost, has improved economic benefit.Nettle is a plant feed, especially cooperate the feed form can not produce any toxic and side effect to the growth of pig, noresidue in the pork of producing, and because multiple bioactivator such as flavones and polysaccharide etc. that nettle itself contains, can improve the immunocompetence of animal body, reduce the application of antibiotic and veterinary drug, produced safe livestock products, helped health.Satisfy the demand that people strengthen day by day to pollution-free food, green safety pork.
The specific embodiment:
The invention will be further described below in conjunction with embodiment
Embodiment 1,65.1 kilograms of corns, 20 kilograms of dregs of beans, 4 kilograms in wheat bran, 5 kilograms of fish meal, 0.8 kilogram of calcium bicarbonate, 1.0 kilograms of stone flours, 0.1 kilogram of salt, 1 kilogram of premix, 3 kilograms in nettle powder, the above-mentioned raw materials mixing is mixed thoroughly, and each component adds up to 100 kilograms.
Embodiment 2,61 kilograms of corns, 22.3 kilograms of dregs of beans, 5 kilograms in wheat bran, 1 kilogram of fish meal, 1.2 kilograms of calcium bicarbonates, 0.7 kilogram of stone flour, 0.3 kilogram of salt, 1 kilogram of premix, 7.5 kilograms in nettle powder, the above-mentioned raw materials mixing is mixed thoroughly, and each component adds up to 100 kilograms.
Embodiment 3,67 kilograms of corns, 14.9 kilograms of dregs of beans, 10 kilograms in wheat bran, 1 kilogram of calcium bicarbonate, 0.8 kilogram of stone flour, 0.3 kilogram of salt, 1 kilogram of premix, 5 kilograms in nettle powder, above-mentioned raw materials is carried out the proportioning mixing mix thoroughly, each component adds up to 100 kilograms.
The preparation of described nettle powder: get delicate stem stalk of nettle and blade and carry out airing, should dry in the shade or flash baking,, be ground into grass meal then to reduce the loss of nutriment.
Embodiment 4,61.05 kilograms of corns, 28 kilograms of dregs of beans, 4 kilograms in wheat bran, 4 kilograms of fish meal, 1.2 kilograms of calcium bicarbonates, 0.7 kilogram of stone flour, 1 kilogram of premix, 0.05 kilogram of nettle extract are mixed the above-mentioned raw materials mixing thoroughly.
Embodiment 5,69 kilograms of corns, 19.1 kilograms of dregs of beans, 8 kilograms in wheat bran, 0.8 kilogram of calcium bicarbonate, 0.3 kilogram of salt, 1.3 kilograms of stone flours, 1 kilogram of premix, 0.5 kilogram of nettle extract are mixed the above-mentioned raw materials mixing thoroughly.
Embodiment 6,65 kilograms of corns, 22 kilograms of dregs of beans, 8 kilograms in wheat bran, 1.5 kilograms of fish meal, 1 kilogram of calcium bicarbonate, 1 kilogram of stone flour, 1 kilogram of premix, 0.25 kilogram of salt, 0.25 kilogram of nettle extract are mixed the above-mentioned raw materials mixing thoroughly.
The preparation of described nettle extract: get fresh nettle, it is pulverized making beating, with the squeezer squeezing, collect juice, drying obtains green flour powder material.
In order to make nettle contained various nutrition and extracts active ingredients clean, the residue after the squeezing is added the moisture of nettle weight 1/10th, stir and soaked making beating once more, squeezing 20 minutes; Residue after the squeezing is for the second time added the moisture of nettle weight 1/10th, stir and soaked making beating for the third time, squeezing 20 minutes; Three times juice are mixed, and drying obtains green flour powder material.
Test one:
Test selects for use western erythrophloeum ferdii pig farm that 180 of fattening pigs are provided, and according to the close principle of body weight, is divided into nettle extract test group, nettle powder test group and control group, every group of each 60 pig, feeding period 120d, from 20kg to delivering growth for sale.Test is carried out in same sealing pig house, duration of test swine rearing management, and epidemics prevention and control etc. are all undertaken by the management of intensive pig production standard, free choice feeding and drinking-water.
Test group has only been added the nettle extract than control group more, other trophic level be consistent (test data sees Table).
Show a pair of fattening INFLUENCE OF YUCCA EXTRACT
Test two:
The weanling pig that test selects for use western erythrophloeum ferdii pig farm to provide, choose body weight and be 180 of close healthy weanling pigs, be divided into 3 groups, be nettle extract test group, nettle powder test group and control group, every group of each 60 pig, after on-test, pig house respectively cleans 1 time every day sooner or later, and other daily management and health and epidemic prevention are undertaken by plant's conventional method.Test is carried out in the process observing piglet and is searched for food and health status, collects the feed residual quantity every night, the record incidence.Gather serum during off-test, measure immunoglobulin (Ig) (result of the test data see Table two, table three).
The influence of table two pair piglet growth performance
The influence of table three pair piglet immunological and blood parameters
Observe and test data test group bristles color light by outward appearance, skin is ruddy, and health pig ight soil is agglomerating, and is loose, and serious disease does not take place the reduction of abdomen matter, and it is even to deliver the pig individual growth for sale, is more or less the same.Control group is fallen ill many, and individual difference strengthens.
Can find out from the experimental group number certificate: the effect that the present invention possesses is
1. enterogastric diseases does not take place in pig in the feeding process, and the piglet of raising is the diarrhea disease not.
2. utilization rate and the daily gain of feed have been improved.
3. by viewing test group pig group hair color light, skin is ruddy, and health pig ight soil is agglomerating, and is loose. Although some pigs of control group are diarrhea not, swine excrement has is scattered paste shape.
4. nettle has nutrition and medicinal function, has improved the immunity of body.
5. feeding process has reduced disease incident, has reduced the use of medicine, is conducive to produce the relieved livestock products of safety.

Claims (7)

1. nettle pig feed, it is to utilize the nettle powder to substitute antibiotic to join in the pig feed, it is characterized in that: nettle powder addition accounts for the 3.0-7.5% of pig feed gross weight.
2. nettle pig feed according to claim 1 is characterized in that it being with following raw material weight percentage preparation:
Corn 60-68, dregs of beans 12.8-28.3, wheat bran 4-10, fish meal 0-5, calcium bicarbonate 0.8-1.2, stone flour 0.7-1.0, salt 0.1-0.3, premix 1, nettle powder 3.0-7.5 carry out the proportioning mixing with above-mentioned raw materials and mix thoroughly, and each component adds up to 100 parts.
3. nettle pig feed according to claim 1 and 2 is characterized in that the nettle powder is to get the delicate stem stalk of nettle and blade carries out airing, dries in the shade or flash baking the grass meal that is ground into then.
4. nettle pig feed, it is that the nettle extract is joined in the pig feed, its addition accounts for the 0.05-0.5% of pig feed gross weight.
5. nettle pig feed according to claim 4 is characterized in that according to following raw material weight percentage preparation:
Corn 58-70, dregs of beans 16-28.3, wheat bran 3-10, fish meal 0-6, calcium bicarbonate 0.8-1.5, stone flour 0.7-1.3, salt 0-0.3, premix 1, nettle extract 0.05-0.5%, above-mentioned raw materials is carried out the proportioning mixing mix thoroughly, each component adds up to 100 parts.
6. according to claim 4 or 5 described nettle pig feeds, it is characterized in that the nettle extract is to get fresh nettle, it is pulverized making beating, with the squeezer squeezing, collect juice, drying obtains green flour powder material.
7. nettle pig feed according to claim 6 is characterized in that the residue after the squeezing is added the moisture of nettle weight 1/10th, stirs and soaks making beating once more, squeezing 20 minutes; Residue after the squeezing is for the second time added the moisture of nettle weight 1/10th, stir and soaked making beating for the third time, squeezing 20 minutes; Three times juice are mixed, and drying obtains green flour powder material.
CN2011100019165A 2011-01-06 2011-01-06 Nettle pig feed Pending CN102090543A (en)

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
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Cited By (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103719624A (en) * 2013-12-26 2014-04-16 朱健花 Pig feed
CN103783322A (en) * 2014-01-28 2014-05-14 大足县四海养殖专业合作社 Environmental-friendly growth promoting feed
CN104012762A (en) * 2014-05-23 2014-09-03 广西地源之本肥业有限公司 Environment-friendly and economic pig feed and preparation method thereof
CN104012766A (en) * 2014-05-23 2014-09-03 广西地源之本肥业有限公司 Health care feed and preparation method thereof
CN105029051A (en) * 2015-08-07 2015-11-11 杨珊洪 Piglet feed containing chicory powder
CN105124164A (en) * 2015-08-28 2015-12-09 宁波正大农业有限公司 High-efficient pig feed containing Chinese herbal medicines and making method of high-efficient pig feed

Citations (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN101011108A (en) * 2006-12-12 2007-08-08 李光照 Assistant concentrated feed for pig and manufacturing technique and feeding method thereof
CN101904442A (en) * 2010-08-02 2010-12-08 河南普爱饲料股份有限公司 Compound feed for first-born nursing sow

Patent Citations (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN101011108A (en) * 2006-12-12 2007-08-08 李光照 Assistant concentrated feed for pig and manufacturing technique and feeding method thereof
CN101904442A (en) * 2010-08-02 2010-12-08 河南普爱饲料股份有限公司 Compound feed for first-born nursing sow

Non-Patent Citations (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Title
《畜牧与饲料科学》 20091231 张晓庆等 荨麻资源的应用及开发前景 185-187 1,4 第30卷, 第05期 *
《畜牧与饲料科学》 20091231 张晓庆等 荨麻资源的应用及开发前景 185-187 2-3,5-7 第30卷, 第05期 *

Cited By (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103719624A (en) * 2013-12-26 2014-04-16 朱健花 Pig feed
CN103783322A (en) * 2014-01-28 2014-05-14 大足县四海养殖专业合作社 Environmental-friendly growth promoting feed
CN104012762A (en) * 2014-05-23 2014-09-03 广西地源之本肥业有限公司 Environment-friendly and economic pig feed and preparation method thereof
CN104012766A (en) * 2014-05-23 2014-09-03 广西地源之本肥业有限公司 Health care feed and preparation method thereof
CN104012762B (en) * 2014-05-23 2016-08-10 广州桂龙生物技术有限公司 A kind of environmental protection and economy pig's feed and preparation method thereof
CN105029051A (en) * 2015-08-07 2015-11-11 杨珊洪 Piglet feed containing chicory powder
CN105124164A (en) * 2015-08-28 2015-12-09 宁波正大农业有限公司 High-efficient pig feed containing Chinese herbal medicines and making method of high-efficient pig feed

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Application publication date: 20110615

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