CN102071665B - Omnidirectional interlocking slope protection building block and lapping interlocking method thereof - Google Patents

Omnidirectional interlocking slope protection building block and lapping interlocking method thereof Download PDF

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CN102071665B
CN102071665B CN201110051228A CN201110051228A CN102071665B CN 102071665 B CN102071665 B CN 102071665B CN 201110051228 A CN201110051228 A CN 201110051228A CN 201110051228 A CN201110051228 A CN 201110051228A CN 102071665 B CN102071665 B CN 102071665B
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lapping plate
shaped lapping
slope protection
omnidirectional
shaped
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CN102071665A (en
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黄川�
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黄川�
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Abstract

The invention relates to an omnidirectional interlocking slope protection building block, which comprises a rectangular body and is characterized in that: a pair of upright L-shaped lapping plates of which the notches are back-to-back and face upwards is arranged on the front lateral surface of the rectangular body; a pair of inverted L-shaped lapping plates of which the notches are back-to-back and face downwards is arranged on the back lateral surface of the rectangular body; the two upright L-shaped lapping plates and the two inverted L-shaped lapping plates are symmetrical about the central cross section of the rectangular body; a first groove is formed between vertical lapping sections of the two upright L-shaped lapping plates, and a second groove is formed between vertical lapping sections of the two inverted L-shaped lapping plates; an ecological through hole is formed on the rectangular body; and rope holes are formed on horizontal lapping surfaces of the upright L-shaped lapping plates and horizontal lapping surfaces of the inverted L-shaped lapping plates in the longitudinal direction. Simultaneously, the invention also provides a lapping interlocking method for the omnidirectional interlocking slope protection building block. By the method, an erosion preventing slope protection building block net can be constructed, and the erosion preventing slope protection building block net has high adaptability and erosion resistant capacity, high porosity and water permeability, convenience for construction and low maintenance cost.

Description

Omnidirectional's interlock type slope protection block and overlap joint interlock method thereof
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of omnidirectional interlock type slope protection block and overlap joint interlock method thereof.
Background technology
For preventing erosion, wash away erosion etc., on the bottom and side slope of natural river course, lake, reservoir, need to lay the paving layer of one deck bank protection, river bottom protection.Commonly used have rigidity lining cutting pavement structure and a flexible lining pavement structure; Wherein, Rigidity lining cutting pavement structure such as placed rockfill, cemented rock, cast-in-situ concrete etc.; Exist overall cost high, be difficult for green grass, aquatic organism can't survive and not have ecological property, incompatibility freezing up and defectives such as sedimentation, poor durability; And existing flexible lining pavement structure, cost is low slightly, permeability is better, but still has problems such as can't adapting to the river course moderate finite deformation.
The most frequently used material of flexible lining pavement structure is a slope protection block, and most slope protection blocks are plane interlocked blocks, and the vertical interlocked block of minority is also arranged.The plane interlocked block in the plane can kayser; And can spread and risk very many patterns; But it is not vertically being interlocked, and when differential settlement or distortion of frost heave thaw collapse and vertical pressurized appearred in the bank protection ground of this building block below, building block was often sunk separately easily; The bank protection surface seriously can finally cause the collapse of whole slope protection system with regard to out-of-flatness.Though existing vertical interlocked block is provided with the latching structure on the vertical direction; Solved the problem that the building block meeting is sunk separately; But its in-plane kayser poor-performing when being used for channel revetment, receives big current scour meeting displacement distortion; Often adopt the grass planting that bankets, the solid native measure of greening, increased construction costs.
Summary of the invention
To the problems referred to above, the object of the present invention is to provide a kind of can be in all directions kayser, adaptive capacity is strong and erosion resistibility is strong omnidirectional's interlock type slope protection block and overlap joint interlock method thereof each other.
To achieve these goals; Technical program of the present invention lies in providing a kind of omnidirectional interlock type slope protection block; Comprise cuboid; It is characterized in that: said cuboid leading flank is provided with the opposing and just L shaped lapping plate up of a pair of breach, said cuboid trailing flank be provided with a pair of breach opposing and down fall L shaped lapping plate, two just L shaped lapping plates and two fall L shaped lapping plate all about the center cross-sectional symmetry of cuboid; Form first groove between vertically lapped section of said two just L shaped lapping plates, said two fall and form second groove between vertically lapped section of L shaped lapping plate.
Further, said cuboid is provided with the ecological open-work of filling rubble or supplying plant growing.
Further, the horizontal faying surface of said just L shaped lapping plate with fall the horizontal faying surface of L shaped lapping plate and all offer in the vertical and be used to pass the rope hole of rope so that two adjacent building blocks are connected in series.
Further, the horizontal faying surface of said just L shaped lapping plate with fall the area of horizontal faying surface of L shaped lapping plate and equate, the level overlap joint section of said just L shaped lapping plate with fall the overlap height sum of level overlap joint section of L shaped lapping plate and equal the height of cuboid.
Further, the end face of said just L shaped lapping plate and the end face of L shaped lapping plate of falling all are located on the plane with the end face of cuboid, the bottom surface of said just L shaped lapping plate and fall the bottom surface of L shaped lapping plate and all be located on the plane with the bottom surface of cuboid.
Simultaneously; The present invention also provides the overlap joint interlock method of corresponding a kind of omnidirectional interlock type slope protection block; It is characterized in that: comprise a plurality of a kind of omnidirectionals as claimed in claim 1 interlock type slope protection block, the just L shaped lapping plate through a wherein building block between said building block is adjacent in twos becomes protection against erosion slope protection block net with falling of another building block L shaped lapping plate overlap joint interlocking.
Further, the horizontal faying surface of said just L shaped lapping plate with fall the horizontal faying surface of L shaped lapping plate and all offer in the vertical and be used to pass the rope hole of rope so that two adjacent building blocks are connected in series.
Further, said rope passes the rope hole of the lap-joint separately of adjacent block in twos successively with S shape mode, so that a plurality of building blocks are connected in series.
Further, said rope only passes the rope hole that two adjacent block are positioned at lap-joint, so that two adjacent building blocks are connected in series.
Further, said rope is a flexible rope, and said flexible rope is polyester fiber hawser, galvanized steel cable or stainless steel cable.
The present invention has following advantage.
(1) self intensity of omnidirectional of the present invention interlock type slope protection block, compactness are high; No matter be at the horizontal direction of building block or vertical direction kayser each other; Created omnidirectional's interlocking structure revolutionaryly, solved building block up hill and dale owing to the monolithic sedimentation and the horizontal shift problem that can not omnidirectional's kayser produce; Because the horizontal faying surface of building block all is provided with the rope hole in vertical direction; The rope hole of using flexible rope to pass the horizontal faying surface that is interlocked two adjacent block successively is concatenated into protection against erosion slope protection block net with a plurality of building blocks; Form whole robust structure, make building block have superpower impact resistance; In building block, also be provided with several ecological holes, can have reduced concrete use amount, economical with materials has reduced cost, also can be used for planting little grass, shrub, gives aquatic animal the environment etc. that lives.
(2) the protection against erosion slope protection block net constructed of the present invention; Be out of shape on a small scale running into bank protection; During the distortion that for example causes by depression, landslide, expansive soil etc., have very high compliance, can not damage whole protection against erosion slope protection block web frame because of the small-scale distortion of bank protection.And the building block of this protection against erosion slope protection block net is provided with ecological hole and groove; So the total void content is high, good water permeability; Ecological hole and groove in each independent building block can be planted grass planting or shrub; Strengthen whole protect brokenly the face stability of structure in, beautify the environment, improve the ecological environment.
When (3) omnidirectional of the present invention interlock type slope protection block is constructed protection against erosion slope protection block net; Easy construction, maintenance cost are low; New and old dyke, riverbank, riverbed, reservoir etc. all can use, and can artificially lay and also can adopt mechanized construction, especially can directly construct under water; Because protection against erosion slope protection block net connects a plurality of omnidirectionals interlock type slope protection block by rope and forms; Therefore the grade of side slope of this protection against erosion slope protection block web frame steepest can reach 1: 1; And erosion resistibility is superpower, the surface layer that can under high-velocity flow and other adverse circumstances, be kept perfectly.
Description of drawings
Fig. 1 is the structural representation of omnidirectional of the present invention interlock type slope protection block.
Fig. 2 is the overlap joint interlocking sketch map of two omnidirectional's interlock type slope protection blocks.
Fig. 3 is the structural representation of protection against erosion slope protection block net.
Among the figure: the just L shaped lapping plate 3-of 1-cuboid 2-falls the ecological open-work 7-of the L shaped lapping plate 4-first groove 5-second groove 6-rope 8-rope hole.
The specific embodiment
For letting the above-mentioned feature and advantage of the present invention can be more obviously understandable, hereinafter is special lifts embodiment, and conjunction with figs., elaborates as follows.
Please refer to Fig. 1; A kind of omnidirectional interlock type slope protection block; Comprise cuboid 1, it is characterized in that: said cuboid 1 leading flank is provided with the opposing and just L shaped lapping plate 2 up of a pair of breach, said cuboid 1 trailing flank be provided with a pair of breach opposing and down fall L shaped lapping plate 3; Two just L shaped lapping plates 2 and two fall L shaped lapping plate 3 all about the center cross-sectional of cuboid 1 symmetry; Form first groove 4 between vertically lapped section of said two just L shaped lapping plates 2, said two fall and form second groove 5 between vertically lapped section of L shaped lapping plate 3, and said cuboid 1 is provided with the ecological open-work 6 that can fill rubble or supply plant growing.
For the ease of adjacent block being concatenated into protection against erosion slope protection block net, the horizontal faying surface of said just L shaped lapping plate 2 with fall the horizontal faying surface of L shaped lapping plate 3 and all offer in the vertical and be used to pass the rope hole 8 of rope so that two adjacent building blocks are connected in series.
For anufacturability is provided; The horizontal faying surface of said just L shaped lapping plate 2 with fall the area of horizontal faying surface of L shaped lapping plate 3 and equate; The level of said just L shaped lapping plate 2 overlap joint section with fall the overlap height sum of level overlap joint section of L shaped lapping plate 3 and equal the height of cuboid 1; The end face of said just L shaped lapping plate 2 and the end face of L shaped lapping plate 3 of falling all are located on the plane with the end face of cuboid 1; L shaped lapping plate 3 and cuboid 1, are fallen for the concrete one-time cast-forming at said just L shaped lapping plate 2 in the bottom surface of said just L shaped lapping plate 2 and fall the bottom surface of L shaped lapping plate 3 and all be located on the plane with the bottom surface of cuboid 1.
Please refer to Fig. 2 ~ 3; The overlap joint interlock method of a kind of omnidirectional interlock type slope protection block; It is characterized in that: comprise a plurality of a kind of omnidirectionals as claimed in claim 1 interlock type slope protection block, the just L shaped lapping plate 2 through a wherein building block between said building block is adjacent in twos becomes protection against erosion slope protection block net with falling of another building block L shaped lapping plate 3 overlap joint interlockings.The said just L shaped lapping plate 2 and the L shaped lapping plate 3 complementations breach separately that falls; Mode through the overlap joint interlocking make adjacent in twos building block in the horizontal direction with vertical direction on displacement all be restricted, extremely reasonably utilize the simple structure of building block self just to realize the omnibearing firm mutual kayser of blockhouse.
In order a plurality of building blocks to be concatenated into protection against erosion slope protection block net; The horizontal faying surface of said just L shaped lapping plate 2 with fall the horizontal faying surface of L shaped lapping plate 3 and all offer in the vertical and be used to pass the rope hole 8 of rope 7 so that two adjacent building blocks are connected in series; Said rope 7 can be selected flexible ropes such as polyester fiber hawser, galvanized steel cable or stainless steel cable for use; Said rope 7 passes the rope hole 8 of the lap-joint separately of adjacent block in twos successively with S shape mode, so that a plurality of building blocks are connected in series; Also can be that 7 in rope passes the rope hole 8 that two adjacent block are positioned at lap-joint, so that two adjacent building blocks are connected in series, by that analogy.
When the embankment material use is done in building block; The ecological hole 6 that first groove 4, second groove 5 and the central authorities that respectively form building block in protection against erosion slope protection block net are provided with; Can green grass; Make organophosphor, nitrogen in the water body fully recovered the balance of the natural cycle system of soil, water body, air by bank plant absorbing utilization.When building block is made the river bottom protection material and is used, can offer aquatic animal one environment that lives, improve the biological survival rate of water body, support water, purify water with fish.Hold water and utilize the online ecological hole 6 of ground protection against erosion slope protection block and first groove 4, second groove 5, can adjust the ecological circulation system, rebulid the ecosystem of river course and river levee.
The present invention does not limit to above-mentioned preferred forms, and anyone can draw other various forms of omnidirectionals interlock type slope protection blocks and overlap joint interlock method thereof under enlightenment of the present invention.All equalizations of doing according to claim of the present invention change and modify, and all should belong to covering scope of the present invention.

Claims (10)

1. omnidirectional's interlock type slope protection block; Comprise cuboid; It is characterized in that: said cuboid leading flank is provided with the opposing and just L shaped lapping plate up of a pair of breach; Said cuboid trailing flank be provided with a pair of breach opposing and down fall L shaped lapping plate; Two just L shaped lapping plates and two fall L shaped lapping plate all about the center cross-sectional of cuboid symmetry, form first groove between vertically lapped section of said two just L shaped lapping plates, and said two fall and form second groove between vertically lapped section of L shaped lapping plate.
2. omnidirectional according to claim 1 interlock type slope protection block is characterized in that: said cuboid is provided with the ecological open-work of filling rubble or supplying plant growing.
3. omnidirectional according to claim 1 and 2 interlock type slope protection block is characterized in that: the horizontal faying surface of said just L shaped lapping plate with fall the horizontal faying surface of L shaped lapping plate and all offer in the vertical and be used to pass the rope hole of rope so that two adjacent building blocks are connected in series.
4. omnidirectional according to claim 3 interlock type slope protection block; It is characterized in that: the horizontal faying surface of said just L shaped lapping plate with fall the area of horizontal faying surface of L shaped lapping plate and equate, the level overlap joint section of said just L shaped lapping plate with fall the overlap height sum of level overlap joint section of L shaped lapping plate and equal the height of cuboid.
5. omnidirectional according to claim 1 interlock type slope protection block; It is characterized in that: the end face of said just L shaped lapping plate and the end face of L shaped lapping plate of falling all are located on the plane with the end face of cuboid, the bottom surface of said just L shaped lapping plate and fall the bottom surface of L shaped lapping plate and all be located on the plane with the bottom surface of cuboid.
6. the overlap joint interlock method of omnidirectional's interlock type slope protection block; It is characterized in that: comprise a plurality of a kind of omnidirectionals as claimed in claim 1 interlock type slope protection block, the just L shaped lapping plate through a wherein building block between said building block is adjacent in twos becomes protection against erosion slope protection block net with falling of another building block L shaped lapping plate overlap joint interlocking.
7. the overlap joint interlock method of a kind of omnidirectional according to claim 6 interlock type slope protection block is characterized in that: the horizontal faying surface of said just L shaped lapping plate with fall the horizontal faying surface of L shaped lapping plate and all offer in the vertical and be used to pass the rope hole of rope so that two adjacent building blocks are connected in series.
8. the overlap joint interlock method of a kind of omnidirectional according to claim 7 interlock type slope protection block is characterized in that: said rope passes the rope hole of the lap-joint separately of adjacent block in twos successively with S shape mode, so that a plurality of building blocks are connected in series.
9. the overlap joint interlock method of a kind of omnidirectional according to claim 7 interlock type slope protection block, it is characterized in that: said rope only passes the rope hole that two adjacent block are positioned at lap-joint, so that two adjacent building blocks are connected in series.
10. the overlap joint interlock method of a kind of omnidirectional according to claim 7 interlock type slope protection block, it is characterized in that: said rope is a flexible rope, said flexible rope is polyester fiber hawser, galvanized steel cable or stainless steel cable.
CN201110051228A 2011-03-03 2011-03-03 Omnidirectional interlocking slope protection building block and lapping interlocking method thereof Active CN102071665B (en)

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* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103321184B (en) * 2013-06-24 2015-06-17 安培 Cured plane-interlocking stereo-stacking engineering block and production method thereof
CN104963313B (en) * 2015-06-18 2017-02-01 山东大学 I-shaped semi-vertical linkage protection slope building block with open holes

Citations (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
FR2282505A1 (en) * 1974-08-23 1976-03-19 Dytap Constr Holding MASONRY BLOCK
CN200985498Y (en) * 2006-10-16 2007-12-05 浙江长三角建材有限公司 Chain type slope protection building block
CN202023175U (en) * 2011-03-03 2011-11-02 黄川� Omnibearing interlocked revetment block

Patent Citations (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
FR2282505A1 (en) * 1974-08-23 1976-03-19 Dytap Constr Holding MASONRY BLOCK
CN200985498Y (en) * 2006-10-16 2007-12-05 浙江长三角建材有限公司 Chain type slope protection building block
CN202023175U (en) * 2011-03-03 2011-11-02 黄川� Omnibearing interlocked revetment block

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