CN102070353A - Light-burned dolomite foam light partition board - Google Patents

Light-burned dolomite foam light partition board Download PDF

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Publication number
CN102070353A
CN102070353A CN201010551905XA CN201010551905A CN102070353A CN 102070353 A CN102070353 A CN 102070353A CN 201010551905X A CN201010551905X A CN 201010551905XA CN 201010551905 A CN201010551905 A CN 201010551905A CN 102070353 A CN102070353 A CN 102070353A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
light
parts
partition plate
foamed
dolomite
Prior art date
Application number
CN201010551905XA
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Inventor
余红发
武金永
麻海燕
董金美
王常清
李颖
王梅娟
Original Assignee
中国科学院青海盐湖研究所
南京航空航天大学
内蒙古祥响新型建材开发有限责任公司
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Publication date
Application filed by 中国科学院青海盐湖研究所, 南京航空航天大学, 内蒙古祥响新型建材开发有限责任公司 filed Critical 中国科学院青海盐湖研究所
Priority to CN201010551905XA priority Critical patent/CN102070353A/en
Publication of CN102070353A publication Critical patent/CN102070353A/en

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Classifications

    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C04CEMENTS; CONCRETE; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES
    • C04BLIME, MAGNESIA; SLAG; CEMENTS; COMPOSITIONS THEREOF, e.g. MORTARS, CONCRETE OR LIKE BUILDING MATERIALS; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES; TREATMENT OF NATURAL STONE
    • C04B28/00Compositions of mortars, concrete or artificial stone, containing inorganic binders or the reaction product of an inorganic and an organic binder, e.g. polycarboxylate cements
    • C04B28/30Compositions of mortars, concrete or artificial stone, containing inorganic binders or the reaction product of an inorganic and an organic binder, e.g. polycarboxylate cements containing magnesium cements or similar cements
    • C04B28/32Magnesium oxychloride cements, e.g. Sorel cement
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C04CEMENTS; CONCRETE; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES
    • C04BLIME, MAGNESIA; SLAG; CEMENTS; COMPOSITIONS THEREOF, e.g. MORTARS, CONCRETE OR LIKE BUILDING MATERIALS; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES; TREATMENT OF NATURAL STONE
    • C04B28/00Compositions of mortars, concrete or artificial stone, containing inorganic binders or the reaction product of an inorganic and an organic binder, e.g. polycarboxylate cements
    • C04B28/30Compositions of mortars, concrete or artificial stone, containing inorganic binders or the reaction product of an inorganic and an organic binder, e.g. polycarboxylate cements containing magnesium cements or similar cements
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02WCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO WASTEWATER TREATMENT OR WASTE MANAGEMENT
    • Y02W30/00Technologies for solid waste management
    • Y02W30/50Reuse, recycling or recovery technologies
    • Y02W30/91Use of waste materials as fillers for mortars or concrete

Abstract

The invention relates to a light-burned dolomite foam light partition board, which comprises the following components in part by weight: 20 to 55 parts of light-burned dolomite powder, 30 to 85 parts of conditioner solution, 0.1 to 5 parts of chopped fibers, 0.01 to 8 parts of gas regulator, 0.01 to 8 parts of water-resistant admixture, 1 to 60 parts of industrial waste residues, 1 to 30 parts of thickener, 1 to 35 parts of lightweight aggregate, 1 to 16 layers of glass fiber mesh fabrics and 0.1 to 1 part of water reducing agent. The foam light partition board has the advantages of no steam curing or autoclave curing, normal temperature quick reaction and curing, high strength and water resistance, no moisture absorption or halogenation, no scumming, freezing resistance, sound insulation, thermal insulation, heat preservation, flame retardance, utilization of a large number of industrial waste residues and agricultural wastes, resource and energy saving, no emission of waste gas, waste water and waste residues (three wastes), and the like, has low production cost and good social and economic benefits, and is mainly used for a non load bearing partition.

Description

A kind of light dolomite foamed light partition plate
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of partition plate, particularly relate to a kind of light dolomite foamed light partition plate.
Background technology
The materials for wall reform is protection land resources, save energy, comprehensive utilization of resources, improves the important content of environment that promoting the use of novel wall material is one of important channel of development low-carbon economy, realization building energy conservation, social sustainable development.In modern architecture, the Highrise buildings of skeleton construction particularly, its interior wall uses the foamed light section bar mostly, and such as being the foaming concrete lightweight wall material that obtains of raw material processing etc. with Portland cement, flyash and whipping agent, its strength and stiffness are all relatively poor.In order to improve the intensity of lightweight inner partition wall body material, some are that the ambient cure foaming wall sheet material of cementitious material system begins comparatively fast to be developed with the magnesia oxychloride cement.For example: Chinese invention patent ZL90101518.0 discloses a kind of production method of light cellular partition board of silica-magnesia, and its component is made up of light calcined magnesia, magnesium chloride, active siliceous material, fiber and whipping agent.Chinese invention patent application 02114272.6 discloses a kind of light-weight foamed magnesia wall slab, and raw materials used is magnesium oxide, magnesium chloride, stablizer, staple fibre, properties-correcting agent, whipping agent, water repellent agent.Chinese invention patent application 200410064514.X discloses a kind of light body foamed inner wall plate and production technique thereof, and its component is made up of industrial residue, magnesium oxide, magnesium chloride, whipping agent.
In the aforementioned patent product, all be to utilize the magnesia oxychloride cement of magnesium oxide and magnesium chloride solution composition as consolidating material, its magnesium oxide source concentrates on Liaoning Province's Haicheng City and Dashiqiao City and Laizhou City, Shandong Province of China, obtain by the magnesite calcining, being subjected to the region on the one hand limits, be difficult to apply in China, on the other hand, again mass consumption the magnesite resource of China's preciousness.
Summary of the invention
The object of the present invention is to provide a kind of lightweight, high-strength, water resisting property good, sound insulation, heat insulation, fire-retardant compliance with environmental protection requirements again, raw material sources light dolomite foamed light partition plate widely.
The present invention is implemented by following technical scheme, and a kind of light dolomite foamed light partition plate comprises the component of following weight part:
20 parts~55 parts in light dolomite powder, 30 parts~85 parts of blender solution,
0.1 part~5 parts of chopped strands, 0.01 part~8 parts of gas regulators,
0.01 part~8 parts of anti-water admixtures.
It also includes the raw material of following parts by weight: 1~60 part of industrial residue.
It also includes the raw material of following parts by weight: 1~30 part of thickening material.
It also includes the raw material of following parts by weight: 1~35 part of light skeletal.
It also includes the raw material of following parts by weight: 1~16 layer of fiberglass gridding cloth.
It also includes the raw material of following parts by weight: 0.1~1 part of water reducer.
Described light dolomite powder is that rhombspar is through the powdered material that contains activated magnesia and lime carbonate after the calcining.
Described industrial residue is any one or more than one the mixture in flyash, slag, slag, slag or the desulfurated plaster.
Described blender is the mixture of any one or two kinds in magnesium chloride or the sal epsom.
Described blender solution is that degree Beaume is the mixture of any one or two kinds in the magnesium chloride solution of 18~35 ° of B é or the Adlerika that degree Beaume is 20~35 ° of B é.
Described thickening material is the mixture of any one or two kinds in magnesium oxide or the Magnesium Silicate q-agent.
Described light skeletal is any one or more than one the mixture in clay pottery sand and haydite, shale pottery sand and haydite, flyash ceramic sand and haydite, pearlstone, expanded vermiculite, polystyrene foam particles, sawdust or the agricultural crop straw.
Described chopped strand is any one or more than one the mixture in polypropylene fibre, polyethylene fibre, glass fibre, vegetable fibre, vinylon fibre, trevira or the basalt fibre.
Described gas regulator is any one or more than one the mixture in sodium abietate, sodium laurylsulfonate or the hydrogen peroxide.
Described fiberglass gridding cloth is the mixture of any one or two kinds in medium-alkali glass fibre grid cloth or the alkali resistant glass fiber grid cloth.
Described anti-water admixture is that concentration is any one or more than one the mixture in 35%~85% phosphoric acid, sodium phosphate, potassiumphosphate, ammonium phosphate, calcium phosphate, SODIUM PHOSPHATE, MONOBASIC, potassium primary phosphate, primary ammonium phosphate, monocalcium phosphate, sodium-metaphosphate, ferrous sulfate, gypsum or the silicon ash.
Described water reducer is the mixture of any one or two kinds in wooden calcium sulfonate or the naphthalene series high-efficiency water-reducing agent.
Manufacture method of the present invention in turn includes the following steps:
(1) raw material metering: light dolomite powder, industrial residue, blender solution, thickening material, light skeletal, chopped strand, gas regulator, anti-water admixture, water reducer according to the described material fiting ratio of first purpose of the present invention, are measured respectively;
(2) mix stirring: the described starting material that will measure mix, and stir and make the light dolomite compound;
(3) casting: the light dolomite compound is injected mould, make solid or hollow cross-sectional shape, in casting process, need fiberglass gridding cloth evenly is laid in the slip of 3~20mm of upper and lower surface;
(4) natural curing: after light dolomite foamed light partition plate solidified, the demoulding was piled up, and carries out maintenance under field conditions (factors), reaches design requirements until performance.
The invention has the advantages that: 1, utilize light dolomite to have ambient cure reaction, fast solidifying, high-strength, heat insulation, sound insulation, fire-retardant, freeze proof advantage for the light dolomite foamed light partition plate of main raw material(s) preparation, three-waste free discharge in the production process, belong to cleaner production, meet the requirement of novel wall material, have the good social economic benefit building function and building energy conservation.2, add anti-water admixture, improved the water resisting property of product, can be used as the materials for wall under the wet environment, enlarged the range of application of product; Water resisting property improves, and prolongs the work-ing life of product, has overcome the product moisture absorption simultaneously, has returned the shortcoming of halogen and scum.3, light dolomite foamed light partition plate adopts industrial residue and agricultural wastes such as sawdust, agricultural crop straw such as flyash, slag, slag, slag, desulfurated plaster in a large number, recycling of solid wastes and comprehensive utilization have been promoted, can reduce pollution to environment, reduce cost, and water repelling property is carried greatly; 4, adopt clay pottery sand and haydite, shale pottery sand and haydite, flyash ceramic sand and haydite, pearlstone, expanded vermiculite, polystyrene foam particles, sawdust, agricultural crop straw etc. are as light skeletal, can guarantee the low unit weight of foamed light partition plate, improved intensity again, reduce the transportation energy consumption simultaneously, improve thermal resistance, improve thermal and insulating performance, be applicable to construction material as non bearing structure; 5, adopt thickening material, fiberglass gridding cloth, water reducer to improve intensity greatly, improve workability, better improve thermal and insulating performance, can realize civilized construction.Light dolomite foamed light partition plate of the present invention is nontoxic, tasteless, "dead", harmless, free from environmental pollution, belongs to the environment-friendly type new construction material.
Embodiment:
Further set forth the present invention's a kind of light dolomite foamed light partition plate and manufacture method by the following examples, these embodiment are only presented for purposes of illustration, do not limit the scope of the invention.The experimental technique of unreceipted actual conditions in the following example, usually according to normal condition, or the condition of advising according to manufacturer.
Embodiment 1:
A kind of manufacture method of light dolomite foamed light partition plate in turn includes the following steps:
(1) raw material metering: with light dolomite powder, industrial residue, blender solution, thickening material, light skeletal, chopped strand, gas regulator, anti-water admixture, water reducer proportioning, metering respectively according to embodiment 2-9;
(2) mix stirring: the described starting material that will measure mix, and stir and make the light dolomite compound;
(3) casting: the light dolomite compound is injected mould, make solid or hollow cross-sectional shape, in casting process, need fiberglass gridding cloth evenly is laid in the slip of 3~20mm of upper and lower surface;
(4) natural curing: after light dolomite foamed light partition plate solidified, the demoulding was piled up, and carries out maintenance under field conditions (factors), reaches design requirements until performance.
Embodiment 2-17 is listed as follows:
Use the preparation method of embodiment 1 among the embodiment 2-17, become light dolomite foamed light partition plate (hollow) with table 2 formulation by table 1, light dolomite foamed light partition plate specification is 3600mm * 600mm * 90mm.
Table 1: the embodiment 2-9 tabulation of filling a prescription
Table 2: the embodiment 10-17 tabulation of filling a prescription
Embodiment 18: the performance of the light dolomite foamed light partition plate that makes filling a prescription with embodiment 2-17 is tested, and the result is as shown in table 3.
Table 3: the performance test table of the light dolomite foamed light partition plate that makes by embodiment 2-17 prescription
The present invention has features such as high-strength light, anti-water, freeze proof, shock resistance, compliance with environmental protection requirements as can be seen from Table 3.

Claims (17)

1. a light dolomite foamed light partition plate is characterized in that, comprises the component of following weight part:
20 parts~55 parts in light dolomite powder, 30 parts~85 parts of blender solution,
0.1 part~5 parts of chopped strands, 0.01 part~8 parts of gas regulators,
0.01 part~8 parts of anti-water admixtures.
2. a kind of light dolomite foamed light partition plate according to claim 1 is characterized in that it also includes the raw material of following parts by weight: 1~60 part of industrial residue.
3. according to claim 1 or 2 any described a kind of light dolomite foamed light partition plates, it is characterized in that it also includes the raw material of following parts by weight: 1~30 part of thickening material.
4. according to any described a kind of light dolomite foamed light partition plate of claim 1-3, it is characterized in that it also includes the raw material of following parts by weight: 1~35 part of light skeletal.
5. according to any described a kind of light dolomite foamed light partition plate of claim 1-4, it is characterized in that it also includes the raw material of following parts by weight: 1~16 layer of fiberglass gridding cloth.
6. according to any described a kind of light dolomite foamed light partition plate of claim 1-5, it is characterized in that it also includes the raw material of following parts by weight: 0.1~1 part of water reducer.
7. a kind of light dolomite foamed light partition plate according to claim 1 is characterized in that, described light dolomite powder is that rhombspar is through the powdered material that contains activated magnesia and lime carbonate after the calcining.
8. a kind of light dolomite foamed light partition plate according to claim 2 is characterized in that described industrial residue is any one or more than one the mixture in flyash, slag, slag, slag or the desulfurated plaster.
9. a kind of light dolomite foamed light partition plate according to claim 1 is characterized in that, described blender is the mixture of any one or two kinds in magnesium chloride or the sal epsom.
10. a kind of light dolomite foamed light partition plate according to claim 9, it is characterized in that described blender solution is that degree Beaume is the mixture of any one or two kinds in the magnesium chloride solution of 18~35 ° of B é or the Adlerika that degree Beaume is 20~35 ° of B é.
11. a kind of light dolomite foamed light partition plate according to claim 3 is characterized in that, described thickening material is the mixture of any one or two kinds in magnesium oxide or the Magnesium Silicate q-agent.
12. a kind of light dolomite foamed light partition plate according to claim 4, it is characterized in that described light skeletal is any one or more than one the mixture in clay pottery sand and haydite, shale pottery sand and haydite, flyash ceramic sand and haydite, pearlstone, expanded vermiculite, polystyrene foam particles, sawdust or the agricultural crop straw.
13. a kind of light dolomite foamed light partition plate according to claim 1, it is characterized in that described chopped strand is any one or more than one the mixture in polypropylene fibre, polyethylene fibre, glass fibre, vegetable fibre, vinylon fibre, trevira or the basalt fibre.
14. a kind of light dolomite foamed light partition plate according to claim 1 is characterized in that described gas regulator is any one or more than one the mixture in sodium abietate, sodium laurylsulfonate or the hydrogen peroxide.
15. a kind of light dolomite foamed light partition plate according to claim 5 is characterized in that, described fiberglass gridding cloth is the mixture of any one or two kinds in medium-alkali glass fibre grid cloth or the alkali resistant glass fiber grid cloth.
16. a kind of light dolomite foamed light partition plate according to claim 1, it is characterized in that described anti-water admixture is that concentration is any one or more than one the mixture in 35%~85% phosphoric acid, sodium phosphate, potassiumphosphate, ammonium phosphate, calcium phosphate, SODIUM PHOSPHATE, MONOBASIC, potassium primary phosphate, primary ammonium phosphate, monocalcium phosphate, sodium-metaphosphate, ferrous sulfate, gypsum or the silicon ash.
17. a kind of light dolomite foamed light partition plate according to claim 6 is characterized in that: described water reducer is the mixture of any one or two kinds in wooden calcium sulfonate or the naphthalene series high-efficiency water-reducing agent.
CN201010551905XA 2010-11-22 2010-11-22 Light-burned dolomite foam light partition board CN102070353A (en)

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CN102786285A (en) * 2012-01-19 2012-11-21 南京航空航天大学 Sulfur and phosphate cement insulation mortar or insulation board
CN102942349A (en) * 2012-11-15 2013-02-27 丹东金港建材有限公司 Manufacturing method of inorganic dolomite magnesia fireproof gel material
CN103420664A (en) * 2012-05-14 2013-12-04 济宁汇星保温材料加工有限公司 Organic honeycomb hardening thermal insulation material and production method thereof
CN103641427A (en) * 2013-12-11 2014-03-19 江苏大学 Steel slag-cement-gypsum-slag wool composite foam type heat insulation material and preparation method thereof
CN103723993A (en) * 2013-12-13 2014-04-16 青岛无为保温材料有限公司 Heat-insulation, fire-resistance and heat-preservation material for wall body
CN104150825A (en) * 2014-07-30 2014-11-19 泗阳县弘达新型墙体材料有限公司 Moldproof light-weight walling material and preparation method thereof
CN104446641A (en) * 2014-12-03 2015-03-25 中国科学院青海盐湖研究所 Magnesium oxychloride cement foam block and preparation method thereof
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CN105645915A (en) * 2016-03-01 2016-06-08 海南兆晟科技发展有限公司 Ceramsite composite self-heat-insulation wall material and method for preparing same
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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102786285A (en) * 2012-01-19 2012-11-21 南京航空航天大学 Sulfur and phosphate cement insulation mortar or insulation board
CN103420664B (en) * 2012-05-14 2016-02-17 济宁市绿材节能科技开发有限公司 A kind of inorganic honeycomb sclerosis lagging material and production method thereof
CN103420664A (en) * 2012-05-14 2013-12-04 济宁汇星保温材料加工有限公司 Organic honeycomb hardening thermal insulation material and production method thereof
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CN102942349A (en) * 2012-11-15 2013-02-27 丹东金港建材有限公司 Manufacturing method of inorganic dolomite magnesia fireproof gel material
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CN105601246A (en) * 2016-01-22 2016-05-25 上海古猿人石材有限公司 Environmentally-friendly fire-resistant magnesium oxysulfate decorative material and preparation method thereof
CN105645915A (en) * 2016-03-01 2016-06-08 海南兆晟科技发展有限公司 Ceramsite composite self-heat-insulation wall material and method for preparing same
CN105837155A (en) * 2016-03-28 2016-08-10 北京中晶环境科技股份有限公司 Fire prevention and heat insulation decorative board and preparation method thereof
CN105837153A (en) * 2016-03-28 2016-08-10 北京中晶环境科技股份有限公司 Sulfur magnesium oxychloride foam cement exterior wall insulation board and preparation method thereof.
CN105863196A (en) * 2016-03-28 2016-08-17 童裳慧 Fireproof heat insulation decoration integral board and production equipment and process thereof
CN105859166A (en) * 2016-03-28 2016-08-17 北京中晶环境科技股份有限公司 Modified magnesium oxysulfate cement for foaming and foam material thereof
CN105837154A (en) * 2016-03-28 2016-08-10 北京中晶环境科技股份有限公司 Hollow partition board
CN106186971A (en) * 2016-07-01 2016-12-07 卓达新材料科技集团威海股份有限公司 A kind of self-heat conserving fire-proof construction material
CN108147733A (en) * 2016-12-03 2018-06-12 化晨冰 A kind of insulated standard and its processing technology
CN106700298A (en) * 2016-12-13 2017-05-24 安徽梦谷纤维材料科技有限公司 Basalt fiber composite heat insulation board and preparation method thereof
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CN107540334A (en) * 2017-09-25 2018-01-05 沈阳建筑大学 A kind of magnesia oxychloride cement base stalk light composite and preparation method thereof
CN107602029A (en) * 2017-11-07 2018-01-19 任奎浩 A kind of manufacture method for exempting to cut lightweight aggregate cement insulation board
CN108191382A (en) * 2018-02-11 2018-06-22 辽宁科技大学 A kind of titanium extraction tailings light-weight building partition wall batten and its production method
CN108191382B (en) * 2018-02-11 2020-09-22 辽宁科技大学 Titanium-extraction tailing light building partition wall batten and production method thereof
CN110590319A (en) * 2018-06-13 2019-12-20 淮安市冰青建设工程管理有限公司 Environment-friendly novel building block material
CN109626947A (en) * 2019-01-11 2019-04-16 王晓明 A kind of coal ash light wallboard
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Application publication date: 20110525