CN105272098B - The preparation method of composite inorganic hydrous salt phase change material and inorganic compounding phase change plate - Google Patents

The preparation method of composite inorganic hydrous salt phase change material and inorganic compounding phase change plate Download PDF

Info

Publication number
CN105272098B
CN105272098B CN201510793981.4A CN201510793981A CN105272098B CN 105272098 B CN105272098 B CN 105272098B CN 201510793981 A CN201510793981 A CN 201510793981A CN 105272098 B CN105272098 B CN 105272098B
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
parts
composite
phase change
inorganic
powder
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Active
Application number
CN201510793981.4A
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Other versions
CN105272098A (en
Inventor
沃成昌
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
SHANGHAI TANGDUN FUNCTIONAL MATERIALS CO Ltd
Original Assignee
SHANGHAI TANGDUN FUNCTIONAL MATERIALS CO Ltd
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by SHANGHAI TANGDUN FUNCTIONAL MATERIALS CO Ltd filed Critical SHANGHAI TANGDUN FUNCTIONAL MATERIALS CO Ltd
Priority to CN201510793981.4A priority Critical patent/CN105272098B/en
Publication of CN105272098A publication Critical patent/CN105272098A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN105272098B publication Critical patent/CN105272098B/en
Active legal-status Critical Current
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical

Links

Abstract

The present invention relates to the preparation method in composite decorative building material field, more particularly to composite inorganic hydrous salt phase change material and inorganic compounding phase change plate, including provide the raw material for the composite inorganic hydrous salt phase change material being pre-configured with:100 parts of magnesia powder, 10~30 parts of clay powder, 15~25 parts of slag powders, Al2O36~25 parts of filler, 45~60 parts of composite sulfur hydrochlorate, 10~32 parts of wood chip, 0.5~1 part of composite phosphate, 5~7 parts of perlite, 75~85 parts of water, 0.2~1 part of citric acid;Raw material amalgamation is risen, mixed slurry is stirred into;Mixed slurry is combined with glass fabric, inorganic compounding accumulation of heat panel is made;The technology of the present invention have high-strength light, energy-saving humidity preservation, water-fast, good toughness, sound absorption, environmental protection and it is ornamental strong the features such as, while high energy storage density and small degree of supercooling, no layering but also with stability is good, halogenation will not corrode metal.

Description

The preparation method of composite inorganic hydrous salt phase change material and inorganic compounding phase change plate
Technical field
The present invention relates to composite decorative building material field, more particularly to a kind of composite inorganic hydrous salt phase change material and The preparation method of inorganic compounding phase change plate.
Background technology
At present, a big chunk of social energy wastage in bulk or weight is used for building field.And wherein 70% is heating and air-conditioning institute Consumption, with the energy, the anxiety of non-renewable resources, utilization of new energy resources and the demand for improving device efficiency find suitably quilt Dynamic formula energy saving building material, reaches few purpose with or without equipment.The building and ornament materials widely applied now such as Side fascia, Lining, floor, furred ceiling, pyrogenicity (cold) equipment such as air-conditioning, floor heating, ground source heat, boiler hot hydrophone etc. are all existed and not sympathized with The problem of condition.
In architectural exterior-protecting construction, comfort level is essentially from five aspects, temperature, humidity, sound absorption, air quality and the ring of light Border, wherein luminous environment can be understood as the processing of the ornamental visual sense of beauty and light brought.People utilize heating or air-conditioning Purpose be to reach temperature controlled effect.And if phase-change material is used for into building enclosure, will play or increase well Plus this effect.In terms of cold-storage, the cold-storage within the time that electricity price is low, air conditioner load is low is released when electricity price is high, air conditioner load is high It is cold, whole or local transfer cooling load are gone up from the time with this.Adjusted in terms of accumulation of heat using the heat storage capacity of construction material Indoor heat fluctuation, the fluctuating range of hot-fluid is weakened, and the time of effect is stepped back.Pass through appropriate design, it is possible to temperature The undulated control of degree is in relatively comfortable scope.
For example in interior wall, exterior wall and ceiling material territory, timber, stone material etc. because it is non-renewable, prevent fires it is resistance to difference and The reasons such as radioactivity, are largely substituted for synthetic material, and the synthetic material more often used has gypsum, cement, plasterboard or fiber Plasterboard, gypsum building materials poor water resistance, especially under moisture conditions easy efflorescence, go mouldy, do not reach preferable requirement.
Portland cement board unit weight is larger, it is impossible to for manufacturing the less slim sheet material of thickness.It is to utilize in wall body structure When middle, meet condensation and dewfall thermal technology property usually because it is poor to the regulation of humidity, during use and decline, easily get damp, surface layer takes off Fall.
Still there is the presence of the organic volatiles such as free formaldehyde in common glued board, fiberboard, particieboard, for interior Decoration has unfavorable healthy factor, and fire-protection rating does not reach A grades.Chloride magnesia cement board can accomplish lightweight, high-strength, thin Type, but poor toughness, easily return halogen, corrode fastener.
Phase change material combines in the building enclosure sheet material of shaping, just forms a kind of new composite energy storage building material. Had the following advantages using phase change material as energy storage material:First, phase transformation is substantially carried out at a constant temperature, this characteristic is conducive to Temperature change is maintained in less scope, body-sensing is made one to more comfortable;Second, phase-change material has very high storage density, Stabilization and air-conditioning system operating mode for temperature in room are steadily very favorable.
In phase-changing energy storage material, solid-liquid phase change energy storage material is that most have value of exploiting and utilizing, but existing solid-liquid There are the following problems for phase-changing energy storage material:
1st, existing solid-liquid phase change material has that energy-storage property fails after mutually layering and heating for multiple times cooling circulation.
2nd, solid-liquid phase change material has liquid phase generation in phase transformation, with certain mobility, it is therefore necessary to have container splendid attire And container must be sealed with prevent leakage;Particularly high-temperature fusion salt has great corrosion to container, it is necessary to held from inertia Device is encapsulated.These shortcomings have largely fettered application of the solid-liquid phase change material in actual production.
3rd, solid-liquid phase change material typically always has supercooling during from liquid cooled to solid-state, and causing can not Crystallized in time within the scope of required temperature.
Therefore, the direction that above-mentioned technical problem is directed to research as those skilled in the art how is solved.
The content of the invention
For prior art defect, the present invention provides a kind of preparation method of inorganic compounding phase change plate, the inventive technique side Case has that bending strength is big, unit weight is small, water-fast, good toughness, lightweight, the features such as high-strength, waterproof, energy-conservation and moisturizing.
The present invention solve the technical scheme that is used of above-mentioned technical problem for:
A kind of composite inorganic hydrous salt phase change material, wherein, applied in building phase-change material, the composite inorganic is hydrated The weight of salt phase-change material is:100 parts of magnesia powder, 10~30 parts of clay powder, 15~25 parts of slag powders, Al2O3Filler 6~25 parts, 45~60 parts of composite sulfur hydrochlorate, 10~32 parts of wood chip, 0.5~1 part of composite phosphate, 5~7 parts of perlite, water 75 ~85 parts.
Preferably, above-mentioned composite inorganic hydrous salt phase change material, wherein, the composite inorganic hydrous salt phase change material Parts by weight of raw materials is matched:100 parts of magnesia powder, 10 parts of clay powder, 15 parts of slag powders, Al2O325 parts of filler, composite sulfur hydrochlorate 50 parts, 30 parts of wood chip, 1 part of composite phosphate, 5 parts of perlite, 75 parts of water.
Preferably, above-mentioned composite inorganic hydrous salt phase change material, wherein, the composite phosphate includes biphosphate Any one in calcium, tertiary sodium phosphate, sodium tripolyphosphate and calgon or two or more combinations;The composite sulfur hydrochlorate Including any one in calcium sulfate, aluminum sulfate, magnesium sulfate and ferrous sulfate or two or more combinations.
Preferably, above-mentioned composite inorganic hydrous salt phase change material, wherein, the clay powder include laterite powder, loess powder, Any one in black earth powder, attapulgite clay, bentonite or two or more combinations;The Al2O3Filler include aluminium silicon ash, Any one in bauxite, kaolin or two or more combinations.
A kind of preparation method of inorganic compounding phase change plate, wherein, applied in building phase-change material, methods described includes:
The raw material for the composite inorganic hydrous salt phase change material that step S1, offer are pre-configured with, the parts by weight of raw materials proportioning For:100 parts of magnesia powder, 10~30 parts of clay powder, 15~25 parts of slag powders, Al2O36~25 parts of filler, composite sulfur hydrochlorate 45~ 60 parts, 10~32 parts of wood chip, 0.5~1 part of composite phosphate, 5~7 parts of perlite, 75~85 parts of water;
Step S2, the raw material for the composite inorganic hydrous salt phase change material being pre-configured with mixed, be stirred to Uniformly it is made into mixed slurry;
Step S3, the mixed slurry and glass fabric be combined, the inorganic compounding accumulation of heat panel is made;
Wherein, the process conditions of the stirring are as follows:Temperature control is in 10 DEG C~25 DEG C, mixing time 12~18 minutes.
Preferably, the preparation method of above-mentioned inorganic compounding phase change plate, wherein, rolling methods are starched by the mixing using stream Slurry is combined with glass fabric.
Preferably, the preparation method of above-mentioned inorganic compounding phase change plate, wherein, using 2 layers~6 layers of 80~140g/m2 Glass fabric.
Preferably, the preparation method of above-mentioned inorganic compounding phase change plate, wherein, the inorganic compounding phase change plate is applied to room In interior trim.
Technical solution of the present invention has the following advantages that or beneficial effect:
The invention discloses the preparation method of a kind of composite inorganic hydrous salt phase change material and inorganic compounding phase change plate, the hair The features such as bright technology has high-strength light, energy-saving humidity preservation, water-fast, good toughness, sound absorption, environmental protection and strong dicoration, while high energy storage Density and small degree of supercooling, no layering but also with stability is good, halogenation will not corrode metal.
Brief description of the drawings
By reading the detailed description made with reference to the following drawings to non-limiting example, the present invention and its feature, outside Shape and advantage will become more apparent.Identical mark indicates identical part in whole accompanying drawings.Not can according to than Example draws accompanying drawing, it is preferred that emphasis is show the purport of the present invention.
Fig. 1 is the preparation method schematic flow sheet of inorganic compounding phase change plate of the present invention;
Fig. 2 is composite inorganic hydrous salt phase change material proportioning schematic diagram of the present invention.
Embodiment
The present invention is further illustrated with specific embodiment below in conjunction with the accompanying drawings, but not as the limit of the present invention It is fixed.
Traditional scheme is suitable in the phase-change material of interior decoration, such as has in common glued board, fiberboard, particieboard There is the presence of the organic volatiles such as free formaldehyde, unfavorable healthy factor is had for interior decoration, and fire-protection rating is not up to To A grades.Even if chloride magnesia cement board can accomplish lightweight, high-strength, slim, but poor toughness, halogen is easily returned, corrodes fastener.
In consideration of it, the invention provides a kind of composite inorganic hydrous salt phase change material, it is mainly used in building phase transformation material In material, the weight of composite inorganic hydrous salt phase change material is:100 parts of magnesia powder, 10~30 parts of clay powder, slag powders 15~25 parts, Al2O36~25 parts of filler, 45~60 parts of composite sulfur hydrochlorate, 10~32 parts of wood chip, 0.5~1 part of composite phosphate, 5~7 parts of perlite, 75~85 parts of water.
Based on above-mentioned composite inorganic hydrous salt phase change material, the present invention also provides a kind of height being applied in interior decoration The inorganic compounding phase change plate of performance, its preparation method, as shown in figure 1, specifically including as follows:
The raw material for the composite inorganic hydrous salt phase change material that step S1, offer are pre-configured with, the raw material parts by weight of raw materials Match and be:100 parts of magnesia powder, 10~30 parts of clay powder, 15~25 parts of slag powders, Al2O36~25 parts of filler, composite sulfur hydrochlorate 45~60 parts, 10~32 parts of wood chip, 0.5~1 part of composite phosphate, 5~7 parts of perlite, 75~85 parts of water.It is matched specifically such as Shown in Fig. 2.
Phase-change material be a class during itself undergoes phase transition, can absorb environment heat it is (cold) amount, and need (cold) amount of heat is released to environment when wanting, so as to reach the material of the purpose of control ambient temperature.Wherein, composite inorganic is hydrated Salt solid-liquid phase change energy storage material, can be divided into high temperature (being more than 250 DEG C), middle temperature (100~250 DEG C) by the scope of its phase transition temperature With low temperature (being less than 100 DEG C) phase-change material.The composite inorganic hydrous salt phase change material of the present invention occurs under normal temperature environment, belongs to Preferred temperature range in low-temperature phase-change material.
One is optional but non-limiting embodiment in, it is preferred that the raw material weight of composite inorganic hydrous salt phase change material Part matches:100 parts of magnesia powder, 10 parts of clay powder, 15 parts of slag powders, Al2O325 parts of filler, 50 parts of composite sulfur hydrochlorate, wood chip 30 parts, 5 parts of perlite, 75 parts of water.
In an embodiment of the present invention, according to technique needs, composite inorganic hydrous salt phase change material of the invention, in addition to Parts by weight are 0.1~1 part of foaming agent, preferably include the foaming agent that parts by weight are 0.6 part.
In the composite inorganic hydrous salt phase change material of the present invention, composite phosphate includes calcium dihydrogen phosphate, tertiary sodium phosphate, three Any one in polyphosphate sodium and calgon etc. or two or more combinations.Composite sulfur hydrochlorate includes calcium sulfate, sulfuric acid Any one in aluminium, magnesium sulfate and ferrous sulfate or two or more combinations;Clay powder includes laterite powder, loess powder, black earth Any one in powder, attapulgite clay, bentonite or two or more combinations;Al2O3Filler includes aluminium silicon ash, bauxite, height Any one in the soil of ridge or two or more combinations.
In the composite inorganic hydrous salt phase change material of the present invention, described magnesia powder is by containing magnesium carbonate (MgCO3) Magnesite the dusty material with certain activity is calcined out at 700 to 800 degrees Celsius, may participate in gelling reaction, play it The effect of his mixed material gelling, this condenses for chemical reaction, produces pure inorganic structural, also referred to as light calcined magnesia.
Laterite powder of the present invention, is formed by laterite through drying, grinding, the mesh of its fineness about 350~500, is mainly included Kaolinite, hydromuscovite, montmorillonite, quartz and feldspar.Laterite powder used in the present invention containing silica 65.18~ 71.86%, alundum (Al2O3) 15.02~17.99%, di-iron trioxide 3.27~6.61%, calcium oxide 0.75~1.68%, oxygen Change magnesium 0.89~2.07%, loss on ignition 4.19~6.20%.It has excellent freeze-thaw resistance, sound absorption, weather resistance corrosion resistant Corrosion and sensible heat heat storage capacity etc..
Attapulgite clay of the present invention, is a kind of crystalloid hydration alumina magnesia silicate, with unique layer chain Architectural feature, with good colloidal nature and higher adsorption bleaching abilities such as unique scattered, high temperature resistant, salt resistance alkali.Table Area is up to 9.6~36m2/ g, chemical inertness is suppressed growth of microorganism, and is absorbed poisonous evaporate into and is graded.
Composite phosphate of the present invention and composite sulfur hydrochlorate are all modifying agent, play modified effect.It is described to change Property refer to that different modifying agent can make the microstructure of same material occur the change of different purposes, accelerate or slow down gelling reaction Speed, makes single hydrated inorganic salt phase transformation composition turn into the compound hydrated inorganic salt of two-phase or three-phase, obtains suitable phase transformation Temperature range, eliminates supercooling, lamination and ensures prolonged service life, to adapt to the change of manufacturing environment.
Foaming agent used in the present invention includes physical blowing agent.For physical blowing agent, foam pore is to pass through Formed by the expansion of compressed gas, the volatilization of liquid or the dissolving of solid.The foaming agent is foamed into through suitable foaming machine Include the form of uniform bubble, mix slowly and mix into slurry, because its form possesses certain stability, shape in the structure Into finer and close hole, to increasing the intensity of final material favorably and being conducive to controlling sheet material into relatively low density.The present invention It is preferred that physical blowing agent be Compositional type physical blowing agent, including lower boiling alkane, fluorocarbons etc., it not only has hair Bubble multiple is high, foam stability is good, the low advantage of bleeding quantity, while certain modifying function can also be played to cement, reduction production The probability of product scumming.
The composite inorganic hydrous salt phase change material of the present invention is produced the sheet material of the high intensity of solidification or appointed by gelling reaction Meaning has the shape of intensity, and its structure is microcellular structure, and its micropore size is 0.5~1 μm.
The composite inorganic hydrous salt phase change material has the concrete principle of microcellular structure as follows:
MgO is matched and additive (such as phosphate, citric acid, sucrose) with composite sulfur hydrochlorate and water suitable, additional Agent suppresses MgO water formation Mg (OH) in gelling reaction2Speed, composite sulfur hydrochlorate is more effectively participated in hydration reaction, shape Into Mg (OH)2, Sulfates, H2The crystalline phase of O ternary systems, so that increase intensity, the compound hydrated inorganic of this solid phase Salt structure has microcellular structure, and the moisture content retained in micropore is with the progress of hydration reaction, and it is fibrous to grow form Crystal so that micropore is more refined, the smaller fractional porosity in aperture is bigger, and porosity causes greatly sheet material compaction strength high.Fill Denounce the fibrous crystal in micropore, be coupled in net distribution, micro-pore diameter is 0.5~1 μm, its whisker length is 20~80 μm, with more preferable intensity and possess toughness.
The composite inorganic hydrous salt phase change material of the present invention produces following technique effect:
1st, in micropore whisker (a variety of compound hydrated inorganic salts) is undergone phase transition wherein, solves phase-change material container Limitation and absolutely not lamination, stability is good, is difficult to be influenceed by external environment;Hydrated inorganic salt is inherently good Phase-change material, adds suitable modifying agent such as composite phosphate, composite sulfur hydrochlorate etc. so that it turns into being combined for two-phase and three-phase Phase-change material, phase transition temperature is between 26.4 DEG C to 87.5 DEG C, and its latent heat of phase change is in more than 200KJ/Kg.
2nd, in terms of pyrogenicity, thermal source supplies initial stage, due to the benefit of the compactness of its structure, and the high sensible heat filler of soil class Fill so that its specific heat capacity is higher, in sensible heat heat accumulation stage excellent performance, while original about 7% natural moisture content steams in material Hair process, also some sensible heat generation, ambient humidity is improved together with later stage latent heat generation process (crystallization water generation).
3rd, in terms of refrigeration, low-temperature receiver supply, the crystallization water is returned in crystalline texture, and material phase transformation release heat (is stored cold Amount), final stage absorbs the moisture content in portion of air.
Step S2, the raw material for the composite inorganic hydrous salt phase change material being pre-configured with mixed, be stirred to Uniformly it is made into mixed slurry;
In this step, the raw material of composite inorganic hydrous salt phase change material is mixed, be stirred to uniformly matching somebody with somebody Into mixed slurry, when being stirred, mixing time is different according to slurry characteristic, controls in 12~18 minutes, slurry stirring temperature Degree control is at 10 DEG C~25 DEG C.
Step S3, mixed slurry and glass fabric be combined, inorganic compounding phase change plate is made;
Because the composite inorganic hydrous salt phase change material of the present invention can produce the sheet material of the high intensity of solidification or arbitrarily have intensity Shape, therefore can use stream slurry rolling methods the mixed slurry and glass fabric are combined, can also be combined by hand Glass fabric, is fabricated to the product of other irregular shapes or thickness.Wherein, the specific steps of the stream slurry rolling methods For:During mixed slurry shaping, shaping roller spacing is adjusted to suitable distance, then by the suitable mixed slurry of thick dilution And glass fabric is thrown in the template before shaping roller, is then turned on feeding belt, by mixed slurry and glass fabric Pass through the extruding of roller up and down, inorganic compounding phase transformation sheet material of the shaping as respective thickness.
One is optional but non-limiting embodiment in, using 2 layers~6 layers of 80~140g/m2Glass fabric, tool Body, when the thickness of inorganic compounding phase change plate is 3mm~12mm, using 2 layers~4 layers of 80~120g/m2Glass fibre 80~120g/m of cloth, preferably 4 layers2Glass fabric;When the thickness of inorganic compounding accumulation of heat panel is 12mm~18mm, Using 3~6 layers of 100~140g/m2Glass fabric;Preferably 4 layers of 100~140g/m2Glass fabric.
The present invention is further described with reference to specific embodiment.
Embodiment 1:
A kind of inorganic compounding phase change plate, includes the raw material of following parts by weight:100 parts of magnesia powder, 20 parts of laterite powder is recessed Convex 5 parts of rod soil, 10 parts of flyash, 10 parts of kaolin, 60 parts of composite sulfur hydrochlorate, 30 parts of wood chip, 0.5 part of citric acid, biphosphate 0.5 part of calcium, 75 parts of water, 0.6 part of foaming agent.
The raw material (in addition to foaming agent) of above-mentioned inorganic compounding phase change plate is mixed, water is then added and (adds water Parts by weight and magnesia powder ratio of weight and number be 75:100) it is stirred to uniformly mixed slurry is made into, is stirred When, mixing time is different according to slurry characteristic, controls in 12~18 minutes, and slurry whipping temp is controlled more than 10 DEG C, and 25 Below DEG C.Then foaming agent is got to stable foam with foaming machine, slurry is mixed into, and low speed is stirred evenly, the mixed slurry into During type, shaping roller spacing is adjusted to suitable distance, then the suitable mixed slurry of thick dilution and glass fabric are delivered In template before to shaping roller, feeding belt is then turned on, the squeezing by roller up and down by mixed slurry and glass fabric Pressure, sheet material of the shaping as respective thickness.
Obtained sheet material is put into fog room, after the gelling demoulding under the conditions of 30 DEG C~40 DEG C, continues to conserve 3~5 days, protects Hold humidity 60%~70%.
According to inorganic compounding phase transformation thickness of slab 2.8mm made from embodiment 1, density is 1.2g/cm3, dry state bending strength (presses 7019-1997《Test methods for fiber cement products》Detection, reference standard GB25970-2010《Fireproof inorganic composite plate》) 22.8mPa, hygrometric state bending strength 21.2mPa, bending strength coefficient of softing be 0.93 (i.e. 21.2/22.8), soaked three months with Afterwards (standard is defined as 24 hours), bending resistance coefficient of softing is 0.90.
There is microcellular structure according to inorganic compounding phase change plate made from embodiment 1, micropore size is 0.5~1 μm, to cause Density is down to 1.2g/cm3Left and right, adds after the foaming agent for having stablized foaming, has coordinated the light fillers such as wood chip, perlite, So that panel density is relatively low, but structure is closely knit, adds the modifying agent such as citric acid and causes timber intensity high, with good toughness, Add composite phosphate and sulfate may be such that inorganic salts crystallization obtains two-phase, the composite phase-change structure of three-phase.
Embodiment 1 be used for inner wall decoration, meet it is ornamental have certain adjustment effect to indoor temperature simultaneously, from And the number of starts of heating or air-conditioning equipment is reduced, and the part energy is saved, regulation humidity enhances comfort level, it is same between two The 30m of specification2Meeting room be compared test, measure power consumption and save 8%, humidity amplitude of variation is small by 5%, can replace For materials such as timber, gypsum, ceramic tile, wallpapers.
Embodiment 2:
A kind of inorganic compounding phase change plate, includes the raw material of following parts by weight:100 parts of magnesia powder, 20 parts of laterite powder is recessed Convex 5 parts of rod soil, 10 parts of flyash, 10 parts of bauxite, 5 parts of kaolin, 60 parts of composite sulfur hydrochlorate, 30 parts of wood chip, citric acid 0.5 Part, 0.5 part of calcium dihydrogen phosphate, 80 parts of water, 0.6 part of foaming agent.
According to inorganic compounding phase transformation thickness of slab 9mm made from embodiment 2, density is 1.2g/cm3, dry state bending strength 33.5mPa, hygrometric state bending strength 29.5mPa, coefficient of softing is 0.88, and after soaked three months, coefficient of softing is 0.87.
Embodiment 2 is used for indoor partition panel, its excellent phase-change accumulation energy performance so that heating and the power consumption of air-conditioning equipment Decline to a great extent, the control good to humidity, it is ensured that indoor comfort degree, surface evaporated condensation water has prevented the taste of bacterium, mould It is long, it is 225m in area2Office space do and separate, average power consumption is 55% under equal conditions, moisture stable 35~ Between 55%, and fire-protection rating is A grades, and the test of 124mm model wall fire resistings timeliness has reached 4 hours.
Embodiment 3:
A kind of inorganic compounding phase change plate, includes the raw material of following parts by weight:100 parts of magnesia powder, 15 parts of slag powders are recessed Convex 10 parts of rod soil, Al2O36 parts of filler, 45 parts of composite sulfur hydrochlorate, 25 parts of wood chip, 5 parts of perlite, 0.2 part of citric acid, biphosphate 0.5 part of calcium, 1 part of foaming agent.
According to inorganic compounding phase transformation thickness of slab 6mm made from embodiment 3, density is 0.8g/cm3, dry state bending strength 23.2mPa, hygrometric state bending strength 20.5mPa, coefficient of softing is 0.88.
Embodiment 3 is used for indoor suspended ceiling, and it is obvious in the effect of summer refrigeration, winter heating insulation, equilibrium humidity, because of it Rough surface, porous, the very big specific surface area of microcosmic point, adsorbing indoor harmful gases, absorb the ability of sound wave very in addition By force.
Summary, the present invention additionally also has the effect that:
1st, due to the compactness of material structure of the present invention, and soil class high sensible heat filler (such as laterite powder, the heat of soil Capacity is generally 1~2.5J/KgK) supplement so that its specific heat capacity it is higher (number range of specific heat capacity be 2.5~3.2J/ Kg·K)。
2nd, material of the present invention phase transformation generation before, the capacity of heat transmission is poor, thermal conductivity factor be 0.2~0.3W/mk, belong to every Hot insulation material scope, after material phase transformation of the present invention occurs, with the rise of temperature, its capacity of heat transmission is gradually strengthened, heat conduction Coefficient is 1.8~2.1W/mk, and big thermal conductivity factor, which is advantageously implemented, quickly stores heat.
3rd, material phase transformation of the present invention there are about 7% natural moisture before occurring, and phase transformation stage of development also has about 7% crystallization Water is participated in, in its microcellular structure, independently can absorb and discharge moisture, is adjusted humidity, is on the one hand improved environmental degree of comfort, one Aspect has handled condensation and dewfall phenomenon well, improves in the thermal property of building enclosure, winter pyrogenicity environment, and humidity 35~ 40%, prevent in electrostatic, summer hygrothermal environment, humidity 45~60%, it is to avoid the environment gone mouldy.
4th, material of the present invention absolutely not burns, by GB 8624-2006《Construction material and product burns grading performance》Examine, Noninflammability reaches 1 grade of A.
5th, material of the present invention presses GB/T 20285-2006《Material producing smoke toxic is classified》, combustion product gases concentration is 100mg/h, biological narcoticness and excitant, which are examined, reaches safety (AQ) level, with very high security.
6th, material of the present invention is also equipped with water resistance, is detected through SGS, without formaldehyde, asbestos, toluene, dimethylbenzene, cyaniding Thing, SO3、SO2, the tens of pollutants such as radionuclide, no accumulation of salt in the surface soil, halogenation, non-corrosive corrodes during applied fasteners.
7th, material reference standard JGJ51-2002 of the present invention《Lightweight aggregate concrete technology code》, JG158-2004《Rubber powder Polyphenyl granule exterior wall outer heat preservation system》, and it is 1.90~2.30W/ to measure heat storage coefficient before phase transformation using heat storage coefficient tester m2Because of absorption heat, temperature does not change in k, phase transition process, and the heat storage coefficient calculated is about 7.3~8.25W/m2· K, is the material of extraordinary resistance temperature change.
8th, material of the present invention is because possessing microcellular structure, and the specific surface area such as attapulgite clay, laterite powder is very big in addition, adsorptivity Under extremely strong material effects, can sound-absorbing, protection against the tide, absorption peculiar smell and poisonous volatile matter, suppress bacterium, indoor decoration material can be used as The smell-removing material of material or sanitary installation.
9th, material of the present invention can be applicable to building and ornament materials, and its shape-plastic is strong, be needed almost according to decorative environment Arbitrary color, decorative pattern and shape can be made.
10th, material of the present invention is during its Stability Analysis of Structures, and the carbon dioxide in slow solidification air forms one on surface The fine and close MgCO of layer3, played a role to reducing greenhouse gases.
It should be appreciated by those skilled in the art that those skilled in the art combine prior art and above-described embodiment can be with The change case is realized, be will not be described here.Such change case has no effect on the substantive content of the present invention, not superfluous herein State.
Presently preferred embodiments of the present invention is described above.It is to be appreciated that the invention is not limited in above-mentioned Particular implementation, wherein the equipment and structure be not described in detail to the greatest extent are construed as giving reality with the common mode in this area Apply;Any those skilled in the art, without departing from the scope of the technical proposal of the invention, all using the disclosure above Methods and techniques content make many possible variations and modification to technical solution of the present invention, or be revised as equivalent variations etc. Embodiment is imitated, this has no effect on the substantive content of the present invention.Therefore, every content without departing from technical solution of the present invention, foundation The technical spirit of the present invention still falls within the present invention to any simple modifications, equivalents, and modifications made for any of the above embodiments In the range of technical scheme protection.

Claims (7)

1. a kind of composite inorganic hydrous salt phase change material, it is characterised in that applied in building phase-change material, the composite inorganic The weight of hydrous salt phase change material is:100 parts of magnesia powder, 10~30 parts of clay powder, 15~25 parts of slag powders, Al2O3 6~25 parts of filler, 45~60 parts of composite sulfur hydrochlorate, 10~32 parts of wood chip, 0.5~1 part of composite phosphate, 5~7 parts of perlite, 75~85 parts of water.
2. composite inorganic hydrous salt phase change material as claimed in claim 1, it is characterised in that the composite inorganic hydrated salt phase Become material parts by weight of raw materials match into:100 parts of magnesia powder, 10 parts of clay powder, 15 parts of slag powders, Al2O325 parts of filler, it is multiple Close 50 parts of sulfate, 30 parts of wood chip, 1 part of composite phosphate, 5 parts of perlite, 75 parts of water.
3. composite inorganic hydrous salt phase change material as claimed in claim 1, it is characterised in that the composite phosphate includes phosphorus Any one in acid dihydride calcium, tertiary sodium phosphate, sodium tripolyphosphate and calgon or two or more combinations;It is described compound Sulfate includes any one or two or more combinations in calcium sulfate, aluminum sulfate, magnesium sulfate and ferrous sulfate.
4. composite inorganic hydrous salt phase change material as claimed in claim 1, it is characterised in that the clay powder includes laterite Any one in powder, loess powder, black earth powder, attapulgite clay, bentonite or two or more combinations;The Al2O3Filler bag Include any one in aluminium silicon ash, bauxite, kaolin or two or more combinations.
5. a kind of preparation method of inorganic compounding phase change plate, wherein, applied in building phase-change material, methods described includes:
The raw material for the composite inorganic hydrous salt phase change material that step S1, offer are pre-configured with, the parts by weight of raw materials, which is matched, is:Oxygen Change 100 parts of magnesium powder, 10~30 parts of clay powder, 15~25 parts of slag powders, Al2O36~25 parts of filler, 45~60 parts of composite sulfur hydrochlorate, 10~32 parts of wood chip, 0.5~1 part of composite phosphate, 5~7 parts of perlite, 75~85 parts of water;
Step S2, the raw material for the composite inorganic hydrous salt phase change material being pre-configured with mixed, be stirred to uniform It is made into mixed slurry;
Step S3, by the mixed slurry and 2 layers~6 layers of 80~140g/m2Glass fabric be combined, be made described inorganic Composite phase-change plate;
Wherein, the process conditions of the stirring are as follows:Temperature control is in 10 DEG C~25 DEG C, mixing time 12~18 minutes.
6. the preparation method of inorganic compounding phase change plate as claimed in claim 5, it is characterised in that will using stream slurry rolling methods The mixed slurry is combined with glass fabric.
7. the preparation method of inorganic compounding phase change plate as claimed in claim 5, it is characterised in that the inorganic compounding phase change plate Applied in interior decoration.
CN201510793981.4A 2015-11-18 2015-11-18 The preparation method of composite inorganic hydrous salt phase change material and inorganic compounding phase change plate Active CN105272098B (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201510793981.4A CN105272098B (en) 2015-11-18 2015-11-18 The preparation method of composite inorganic hydrous salt phase change material and inorganic compounding phase change plate

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201510793981.4A CN105272098B (en) 2015-11-18 2015-11-18 The preparation method of composite inorganic hydrous salt phase change material and inorganic compounding phase change plate

Publications (2)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN105272098A CN105272098A (en) 2016-01-27
CN105272098B true CN105272098B (en) 2017-10-10

Family

ID=55142022

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN201510793981.4A Active CN105272098B (en) 2015-11-18 2015-11-18 The preparation method of composite inorganic hydrous salt phase change material and inorganic compounding phase change plate

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN105272098B (en)

Families Citing this family (9)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105711184A (en) * 2016-03-09 2016-06-29 宿迁市高烁复合材料有限公司 Glass fiber reinforced roll resistant to high temperature differences
CN106365585B (en) * 2016-08-22 2018-09-25 潘杭 A kind of phase-changing energy-storing energy-saving ground heating plank
CN107216104A (en) * 2017-07-03 2017-09-29 江苏唐盾材料科技有限公司 A kind of preparation method of novel biomass binder materials and its biomass cementitious board
CN107162543A (en) * 2017-07-03 2017-09-15 江苏唐盾材料科技有限公司 A kind of inorganic compounding phase-transition heat-storage plate material and preparation method thereof
CN107382232A (en) * 2017-07-26 2017-11-24 江苏唐盾材料科技有限公司 A kind of phase transformation construction material of inorganic coagulation material encapsulation and preparation method thereof
CN107298572A (en) * 2017-07-26 2017-10-27 江苏唐盾材料科技有限公司 A kind of biomass gelling composite floor board and preparation method thereof
CN107500582A (en) * 2017-09-04 2017-12-22 山东建筑大学 A kind of preparation method of the controllable magnesium oxysulfide concrete of firm time and its sheet material
CN109626946A (en) * 2019-01-04 2019-04-16 深圳市元亨环保产业有限公司 A kind of chlorine oxygen magnesium-based raw-soil curing agent, preparation method and application
CN110759670A (en) * 2019-11-21 2020-02-07 安徽省中坤元新型建材有限公司 Nano phase change energy storage fireproof insulation board and preparation method thereof

Citations (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN101851111A (en) * 2010-06-08 2010-10-06 雷震 Environment-friendly foaming fireproof plate and preparation method thereof
CN102001851A (en) * 2009-08-28 2011-04-06 斯富迈材料科技(上海)有限公司 Silicon aluminum plate and preparation method thereof
CN102070353A (en) * 2010-11-22 2011-05-25 中国科学院青海盐湖研究所 Light-burned dolomite foam light partition board
CN105036692A (en) * 2015-06-26 2015-11-11 郑春科 High-strength waterproof magnesium oxysulfate fireproof board and manufacturing method thereof

Family Cites Families (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US8418763B1 (en) * 2012-04-27 2013-04-16 Halliburton Energy Services, Inc. Self-degrading cement compositions and associated fluid loss applications

Patent Citations (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102001851A (en) * 2009-08-28 2011-04-06 斯富迈材料科技(上海)有限公司 Silicon aluminum plate and preparation method thereof
CN101851111A (en) * 2010-06-08 2010-10-06 雷震 Environment-friendly foaming fireproof plate and preparation method thereof
CN102070353A (en) * 2010-11-22 2011-05-25 中国科学院青海盐湖研究所 Light-burned dolomite foam light partition board
CN105036692A (en) * 2015-06-26 2015-11-11 郑春科 High-strength waterproof magnesium oxysulfate fireproof board and manufacturing method thereof

Also Published As

Publication number Publication date
CN105272098A (en) 2016-01-27

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
CN106242457B (en) A kind of long-acting mud
CN102838375B (en) Inorganic foam heat insulating material and preparation method thereof
CN103030357B (en) Heat-insulation slurry composition and applications thereof
CN102180639B (en) Environment-friendly light heat-insulating material
CN104150948B (en) A kind of composite light ceramic ecological building materials with humidity conditioning function and preparation method thereof
CN101234881B (en) Humidity-conditioning building materials capable of automatically adjusting indoor humidity
CN102040361B (en) Modified self-insulating composite external wall material
CN101857412B (en) Multifunctional gypsum painting pre-mixed mortar as well as preparation method
CN103121824B (en) Self-heat preservation building block produced by using industrial byproduct gypsum and preparation method thereof
CN101182173B (en) Key technology scheme according to improvement for insulation and material mechanics performance of aerated concrete
CN105130350A (en) Novel inorganic decoration base material plate and preparation method thereof
CN104788050B (en) A kind of haydite light-weight aggregate structural concrete and preparation method thereof
CN105297943B (en) The heat insulation decorative load-bearing integration assembled wall and preparation method of composite aerogel
CN102633525B (en) Foam concrete with desulfurized gypsum as main cementing material and preparation method of foam concrete
CN102765959B (en) A kind of Energy storage energy-efficient foam gypsum cement composite material and preparation method thereof
CN104529349B (en) A kind of passive type composite humidity adjusting particle and its application
CN103664114A (en) Self-heat-insulating fly ash autoclaved aerated concrete block and preparation method thereof
CN100445233C (en) Concrete slurry containing magnesium and its preparation process and application thereof
ES2319075B2 (en) BOARDS FOR LOW ENERGY INCORPORATED TABIQUES AND METHODS FOR MANUFACTURING.
CN105254272B (en) Fireproof heat insulating partition plate and preparation method thereof
CN107556035A (en) Concrete product and preparation method thereof
KR101706512B1 (en) Foam for building material and manufacturing method of the foam
CN102515824B (en) Super-light foam cement concrete and preparation method thereof
CN102746021A (en) Chemical foaming cement building material prepared by utilizing light particles and preparation method thereof
KR100809804B1 (en) Light foam concrete composition using bottom ash, used for sound absorbtion materials, light foam concrete product employing the same and the manufacturing method thereof

Legal Events

Date Code Title Description
C06 Publication
PB01 Publication
C10 Entry into substantive examination
SE01 Entry into force of request for substantive examination
GR01 Patent grant
GR01 Patent grant