CN101955386B - Organic compound fertilizer produced with liquor-making waste residues and production method - Google Patents

Organic compound fertilizer produced with liquor-making waste residues and production method Download PDF

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Publication number
CN101955386B
CN101955386B CN201010198756.3A CN201010198756A CN101955386B CN 101955386 B CN101955386 B CN 101955386B CN 201010198756 A CN201010198756 A CN 201010198756A CN 101955386 B CN101955386 B CN 101955386B
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waste residue
different
solid
waste residues
crop
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CN101955386A (en
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赵德智
谢振东
赵军
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02ATECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02A40/00Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production
    • Y02A40/10Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production in agriculture
    • Y02A40/20Fertilizers of biological origin, e.g. guano or fertilizers made from animal corpses

Abstract

A method for producing an organic compound fertilizer with liquor-making waste residues relates to the technical field of organic fertilizer production. The raw materials are as follows by weight: 60-70% of liquor-making waste residues, 10-20% of N, 10-20% of P2O5, 5-10% of K2O and 0.1-1.5% of trace elements, and then the raw materials are pelletized and packaged, thus realizing resource utilization of the liquor-making waste residues. The specific process comprises the following steps: (1) solid-liquid separation, (2) drying, (3) addition of crop nutritious elements and (4) pelletizing and packaging: pelletizing, airing, packaging or transporting the waste residues with the nutritious elements added for sale or storing the waste residues in the warehouses. The invention adds different crop nutritious elements according to the requirements of different regions, different soils and different crops to produce the organic compound fertilizer, and the produced organic compound fertilizer has the characteristics of strong pertinency, strong applicability and strong operability, conforms to the national industrial policy and environmental protection policy and has huge environmental, social and economical benefits.

Description

Brew wine waste residue compoiste fertilizer and production method
Technical field
The invention belongs to organic fertilizer production technical field.
Background technology
In China, adopt fermentative Production alcohol, there is long history.Along with the development of Present Biological Technology, there is earth-shaking variation in liquor industry.That quality product, production technique, environment protection and automatic control level have all had major progress.The development of society, the raising of living standards of the people, people grow with each passing day to the demand of alcohol, and especially the alternative gasoline of energy dilemma and alcohol, diesel oil, as vehicle fuel, have promoted the develop rapidly of liquor industry especially.
Yet, by existing production technique and production technology, utilize grain to make wine for fermenting raw materials, 1 ton of alcohol of every production just can produce 1 ton of brew wine waste residue (doing).An enterprise that produces 200000 tons of alcohol per year, to produce every year 200000 tons of over dry waste residues, this is a huge numeral, if liquor-making enterprise is processed these waste residues not in time, or pile up like a mountain, or overflow everywhere, if meet heavy rain floods, certainly will cause serious environmental pollution, local atmospheric environment and water surrounding are constituted a serious threat.
The processing of current brew wine waste residue has following method:
The one, produce feed: although the prior art technique production link is more, and multiple-effect evaporation and dry two production links consume electric energy and heat energy is larger, but the method is domestic and international large-scale distillery adopts more method, just product is subject to Market Constraint very large, once feed recessed market, will inevitably make distillery waste residue spread unchecked, and then the development of restriction wine brewing production.
The 2nd, adopt compost fermentation method to produce fertilizer: its ultimate principle is under certain temperature, humidity and pH value condition, utilize microorganism to make the organic matter biodegradation in brew wine waste residue, the material that forms the similar humus soil that a kind of plant is convenient to absorb, as fertilizer sources provides nutrition to plant.During the fermentation, robust fibre material, crude protein, fat and carbohydrate etc. in brew wine waste residue are degraded or are converted into small molecules soil ulmin shape material, can directly be absorbed and used by plants.This technical disadvantages is because National Agricultural growing area is most of, to adopt annual 2 seasons farming, every one season of production grain, the soil of turning over a time, uses a fertilizer and makees base manure, T/A is all restricted, can not produce and match continuously with distillery.Though be that the method is simple to operate again, the fertilizer fermenting can not long distance transportation, the also long-time stock of inconvenience, and the fermented manure of bowing in field also can cause secondary pollution as heavy rain season.
Summary of the invention
The object of this invention is to provide a kind of brew wine waste residue compoiste fertilizer and production method, to solve prior art, to produce fermented manure simple and crude, unfavorable transportation and stock, and there is the shortcoming of secondary pollution danger.
The technical solution adopted for the present invention to solve the technical problems is that liquid waste residue is carried out to solid-liquid separation, dry, by different areas soil characteristic, adds crop alimentary element, and its composition of raw materials weight percent is: brew wine waste residue 60-70%, N 10-20%, P 2o 510-20%, K 2o 5-10%, micro-0.1-1.5%, needs to select wherein one or more according to surveying soil, then carries out granulation, packing.Thereby realize the recycling of brew wine waste residue.Its method steps is as follows:
1, brew wine waste residue solid-liquid separation: separating device generally adopts horizontal spiral centrifuge, by solid-liquid separation, makes the water ratio of brew wine waste residue drop to 50-70% by 95-98%, isolated clear liquid, and fully recovering is in production, and solid slag can further be processed.
2, solid slag is dry: through the isolated solid slag water ratio of separating machine, in 50-70% left and right, if will produce compoiste fertilizer, also will further be dried.The present invention adopts whizzer to be dried, and by drying process, the solid slag of water content 50-70% is changed into the solid dry powder waste residue of water content 10% left and right.
3, former material assembly: by the brew wine waste residue 60-70% of water content 10% left and right after dry, in order to meet the requirement of China's different areas different soils to nutrient, meet the requirement of Various Seasonal Different Crop to Different Soil Nutrients simultaneously, add again corresponding crop alimentary element, wherein macronutrient N 10-20%, P 2o 510-20%, K 2o 5-10%, trace elements of Ca, Mg, S, Fe, Zn need to select wherein one or more according to surveying soil, and consumption accounts for the 0.1-1.5% of raw material total amount, makes the compoiste fertilizer of applicable different areas, different soils, Different Crop.
4, granulation, packing: to having added crop alimentary element waste residue afterwards, carry out granulation, air-dry, screening, according to different requirement of market user, pack.5kg/ bag, 10kg/ bag, 25kg/ bag, 50kg/ bag are not etc.
Adopting positively effect of the present invention is to utilize brew wine waste residue to be rich in the feature of organic composition, according to different areas, different soils, Different Crop demand, add different crop alimentary elements, produce compoiste fertilizer, pointed strong, strong, the workable feature of suitability of compoiste fertilizer of producing, can scientifically hold " the wooden barrel short-board effect " of soil fertility, turn waste into wealth, meet national industry policy and environmental protection policy.To make wine industry waste residue become resource from pollutent, produce huge environmental benefit, Social benefit and economic benefit.
These waste residues can be produced the compoiste fertilizer of 250,000 tons of left and right, according to present market value is per ton, presses 2500 yuan/t and calculate, and annual value of production is 62,500 ten thousand yuan, deduction production cost, and annual profits tax can reach 35,000 ten thousand yuan, and visible economic benefit is very significant.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Accompanying drawing 1 is process flow sheet of the present invention.
embodiment:
Take that to produce 200000 tons of brew wine waste residue Large-scale enterprises per year be example, according to the different demands to macroelement and trace element, the specific implementation process of its technical scheme is as follows:
embodiment 1
1, brew wine waste residue solid-liquid separation: separating device generally adopts horizontal spiral centrifuge, by solid-liquid separation, makes the water ratio of brew wine waste residue drop to 50-70% by 95-98%, isolated clear liquid, and fully recovering is in production, and solid slag can further be processed.
2, solid slag is dry: through the isolated solid slag water ratio of separating machine, in 50-70% left and right, if will produce compoiste fertilizer, also will further be dried.The present invention adopts whizzer to be dried, and by drying process, the solid slag of water content 50-70% is changed into the solid dry powder waste residue of water content 10% left and right.
3, former material assembly: by the brew wine waste residue 65% of water content 10% left and right after dry, in order to meet the requirement of China's different areas different soils to nutrient, meet the requirement of Various Seasonal Different Crop to Different Soil Nutrients simultaneously, add again corresponding crop alimentary element, wherein macronutrient N 13%, P 2o 516%, K 2o 6%, and trace elements of Ca 0.3%, Mg 0.1% make the compoiste fertilizer that is applicable to lacking Ca, Mg element soil.
4, granulation, packing: to having added crop alimentary element waste residue afterwards, carry out granulation, air-dry, screening, according to different requirement of market user, pack.5kg/ bag, 10kg/ bag, 25kg/ bag, 50kg/ bag are not etc.
embodiment 2
1, brew wine waste residue solid-liquid separation: separating device generally adopts horizontal spiral centrifuge, by solid-liquid separation, makes the water ratio of brew wine waste residue drop to 50-70% by 95-98%, isolated clear liquid, and fully recovering is in production, and solid slag can further be processed.
2, solid slag is dry: through the isolated solid slag water ratio of separating machine, in 50-70% left and right, if will produce compoiste fertilizer, also will further be dried.The present invention adopts whizzer to be dried, and by drying process, the solid slag of water content 50-70% is changed into the solid dry powder waste residue of water content 10% left and right.
3, former material assembly: by the brew wine waste residue 65% of water content 10% left and right after dry, in order to meet the requirement of China's different areas different soils to nutrient, meet the requirement of Various Seasonal Different Crop to Different Soil Nutrients simultaneously, add again corresponding crop alimentary element, wherein macronutrient N 15%, P 2o 513%, K 2o 7%, and trace elements zn 0.2% is made the compoiste fertilizer that is applicable to lacking Zn soil.
4, granulation, packing: to having added crop alimentary element waste residue afterwards, carry out granulation, air-dry, screening, according to different requirement of market user, pack.5kg/ bag, 10kg/ bag, 25kg/ bag, 50kg/ bag are not etc.

Claims (1)

1. a brew wine waste residue method for producing organic compound fertilizer, is characterized in that liquid waste residue to carry out solid-liquid separation, dry, by different areas soil characteristic, adds crop alimentary element, and its composition of raw materials weight percent is: brew wine waste residue 60-70%, N 10-20%, P 2o 510-20%, K 2o 5-10%, micro-0.1-1.5%, then carries out granulation, packing, thereby realizes the recycling of brew wine waste residue, and its production method step is as follows:
(1) brew wine waste residue solid-liquid separation: separating device generally adopts horizontal spiral centrifuge, by solid-liquid separation, make the water ratio of brew wine waste residue drop to 50-70% by 95-98%, isolated clear liquid, fully recovering is in production, and solid slag can further be processed;
(2) solid slag is dry: through the isolated solid slag water ratio of separating machine at 50-70%, if producing compoiste fertilizer also will further be dried, the present invention adopts whizzer to be dried, by drying process, the solid slag of water content 50-70% is changed into the solid dry powder waste residue of water content 10%;
(3) former material assembly: by the brew wine waste residue 60-70% of water content 10% after dry, in order to meet the requirement of China's different areas different soils to nutrient, meet the requirement of Various Seasonal Different Crop to Different Soil Nutrients simultaneously, add again corresponding crop alimentary element, wherein macronutrient N 10-20%, P 2o 510-20%, K 2o 5-10%, trace elements of Ca, Mg, S, Fe, Zn need to select wherein one or more according to surveying soil, and consumption accounts for the 0.1-1.5% of raw material total amount, makes the compoiste fertilizer of applicable different areas, different soils, Different Crop;
(4) granulation packing: to having added the waste residue of crop alimentary element, carry out granulation, air-dry, screening, pack by different requirement of market user, 5kg/ bag, 10kg/ bag, 25kg/ bag, 50kg/ wrap not etc.
CN201010198756.3A 2010-06-05 2010-06-05 Organic compound fertilizer produced with liquor-making waste residues and production method Expired - Fee Related CN101955386B (en)

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CN104557311A (en) * 2015-01-06 2015-04-29 陈卓洋 Pluralistic ecological organic/inorganic fertilizer

Citations (3)

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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN1611464A (en) * 2003-12-16 2005-05-04 山东日照酒业有限公司 Organic fertilizer using distillers' grains as raw material and its production process
CN101007694A (en) * 2007-01-19 2007-08-01 唐山市冀东溶剂有限公司 Process for treating alcohol waste water
CN101717300A (en) * 2009-11-30 2010-06-02 山东金正大生态工程股份有限公司 Chloride-based slow-release complex fertilizer and production process thereof

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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JP2002079299A (en) * 1999-10-19 2002-03-19 Mitsubishi Heavy Ind Ltd Method for treating ammonia-containing waste

Patent Citations (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN1611464A (en) * 2003-12-16 2005-05-04 山东日照酒业有限公司 Organic fertilizer using distillers' grains as raw material and its production process
CN101007694A (en) * 2007-01-19 2007-08-01 唐山市冀东溶剂有限公司 Process for treating alcohol waste water
CN101717300A (en) * 2009-11-30 2010-06-02 山东金正大生态工程股份有限公司 Chloride-based slow-release complex fertilizer and production process thereof

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Title
JP特开2002-79299A 2002.03.19
罗红平,等.酿酒行业废液废渣的处理现状及相关技术.《四川省环境科学学会2003年学术年会论文集》.2003, *

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