CN101933462A - Negative-pressure ventilation type pig raising system based on biological fermenting bed - Google Patents

Negative-pressure ventilation type pig raising system based on biological fermenting bed Download PDF

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Publication number
CN101933462A
CN101933462A CN2010102379673A CN201010237967A CN101933462A CN 101933462 A CN101933462 A CN 101933462A CN 2010102379673 A CN2010102379673 A CN 2010102379673A CN 201010237967 A CN201010237967 A CN 201010237967A CN 101933462 A CN101933462 A CN 101933462A
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Prior art keywords
padding
bedding
pig
enclosure
fermentation
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CN2010102379673A
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CN101933462B (en
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范前进
肖秦
肖唫春
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SUICHUAN JIAYU ANIMAL HUSBANDRY CO Ltd
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SUICHUAN JIAYU ANIMAL HUSBANDRY CO Ltd
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Abstract

The invention discloses a negative-pressure ventilation type pig raising system based on a biological fermenting bed, comprising an enclosure, a roof and a pig raising yard, wherein the enclosure is built by construction materials; the roof is arranged on the top of the enclosure; and the pig raising yard is arranged in the enclosure. The enclosure is manufactured by hollow bricks and a double-layer wind tunnel hollow wall body is designed, the double-layer wind tunnel hollow wall body is communicated with an air intake channel at the groundsill, and a spray device is arranged at a wind tunnel port; the roof is designed by adopting roof heat insulation, such as multi-housing construction and the like, and the top part is provided with an exhaust fan and an air hole; and the pig raising yard is a microorganism fermenting bed pig raising yard which is a rectangular single-column yard, a cement passage is arranged at one side of the enclosure, and the rest of parts are the microorganism fermenting bed, and automatic feed boxes are arranged at the two ends of the cement passage. By adopting the pig raising system of the invention, zero emission of pig dung is realized in the true sense, the cleaning sanitary level of a pig field is improved all around, the feed utilization ratio is improved, the occurrence and spreading of diseases are effectively reduced, the pork quality is increased, the hog in-yard time is decreased, labor production ratio is improved, and the cost consumption of water, electricity and the like is reduced.

Description

A kind of based on the biological fermentation bed exhaust ventilation formula system of raising pigs
Technical field
The present invention relates to the system of raising pigs, be specially a kind of based on the system of raising pigs biological fermentation bed, that adopt exhaust ventilation to carry out temperature adjustment.
Background technology
At present, the drawback that simple large-scale intensive pig production produced becomes increasingly conspicuous, and the method for many ecologically raising pigs also occurred thereupon, wherein most important a kind of be exactly to adopt the biological fermentation bed hurdle house of raising pigs.Fermentation bed to raise pig is briefly: just be to use microbial mat material (sawdust, wood chip, system chaff powder, husk, the cotton seed hulls powder, the cotton stalk meal, coconut shell powder, peanut shell meal etc. contains wherein one or more mixtures of the high material of raw fiber, add the complex microorganism bacterial classification) raise pigs, pig lives on the thick microbial fermentation bedding and padding that reach 60~90 cm thicks (south thin the north thick), food and drink are drawn and are spread all on bedding and padding, the microbial fermentation effect in the back cushion material and the suction-operated of bedding and padding itself, pork chop is released the excrement and the urine that come decompose assimilation and utilization, change harmless material of odorless and bacterium protein into, part can be supplied with pig feed and use, meanwhile, pig lives on the hassock material, pig arch material is provided, tease, gnaw material, the similar psychological needs such as earth of eating, satisfied the welfare of pig, thereby reduced the generation of psychological stress, the various routines that further reduced pig stress.Fermentation bed its bedding and padding of pig house are because beneficial bacterium has comparative advantage, and beneficial microbe colony has formed a defence harmful microbe natural cover for defense like this, has improved the non-specific immune function of pig, has strengthened the resistance against diseases of pig; Because all being absorbed by the microorganism bedding and padding, the pig manure material transforms, can not give off any fecalurias and come influence environment from fermentation bed cultivation hurdle house, and fermentation bed to raise pig almost is destitute of smell, without any liquid dung discharge to culture outside the hurdle house, be that the cultural technique of environmental protection is polluted in zero-emission completely, zero.Add that continuous arch of pig eats the mycoprotein that produces in the fermentation bed, suitable motion etc. make the meat of pig be improved, thereby produce the non-harmful pork product of high-quality, and protect environment to greatest extent, the zero-emission ideal that the realization pig manure is urinated.And significantly improved the economic benefit and the social benefit of raising pigs.
Yet traditional employing is biological fermentation bed, and the hurdle house of raising pigs has its significant disadvantages: the microorganism bedding and padding proportioning of being thrown in 1, biological fermentation bed is reasonable inadequately, and it is slow to cause the ight soil of pig to decompose, grows to be harmful to germs in a large number, has influence on the growth health of pig; 2, raise pigs the general being aligned of feed hamper in the hurdle house is installed in position near fence, this makes life pig wherein form the custom that fixed point is drained, be unfavorable for biological fermentation bed ight soil being decomposed, and pig frequent four limbs when food take off the feed box, polluted food wherein; 3, the most important is exactly a ventilating problem, and fan and cascade are just adopted in present traditional pig house cooling, can only realize indoor circulation, and inner air and outer air can not effectively exchange, and this makes the oxious gas in the pig house to discharge, and has increased the incidence of disease of pig greatly.
Summary of the invention
It is a kind of based on the biological fermentation bed exhaust ventilation formula system of raising pigs that technical problem solved by the invention is to provide, to solve the shortcoming in the above-mentioned background technology.
Technical problem solved by the invention realizes by the following technical solutions:
A kind of based on the biological fermentation bed exhaust ventilation formula system of raising pigs, comprise the enclosure wall that is built into by construction material, the roof at enclosure wall top, the hurdle house of raising pigs in the enclosure wall, described enclosure wall adopts hollow brick to replace common brick to make materials for wall, make its thermal resistance improve 41%, and design thermal resistance value and performance of ventilating that double-deck wind-tunnel hollow wall improves body of wall, enclosure wall outer wall limewash painted white, to improve the albedo and the heat leakage rate of pig house outer surface, thereby reduce solar thermal energy in the pig house and the transmission of pig body, enclosure wall ground place is provided with some air intake passages, air intake passage is communicated with hollow wall, realize circulation of air, the wind-tunnel mouth of body of wall is equipped with sprayer unit and makes when more ventilating and will can reduce rapidly in the water smoke suction pig house about pig house temperature 15 degree; Described roof adopts the less and air-locked roof Material of thermal conductivity factor to make, and takes thermal insulation of roof design such as many rooms Architectural Construction, and the top is provided with air exhauster and vent; The described hurdle house of raising pigs is microbial fermentation bed to raise pig hurdle house, be the single-row hurdle of rectangle house, fence wherein is provided with the cement passageway on one side, and remainder is the microbial fermentation bed, and automatic dump food case is set at two ends, cement passageway, be convenient to force the pig motion, be beneficial to stir the ground bedding and padding, cultivate the custom of unfixing defecation urine, or upset the custom of pig fixed location defecation as far as possible, the fecaluria that pork chop is gone out is assimilated by bedding and padding equably like this, reduces artificial auxiliary the covering.
Among the present invention, the preparation method of described microbial fermentation bed is:
1) mix
By fermentation bed construction requirements, husk and sawdust respectively 50% are put into fermentation vat, and winter-spring season is sprinkled into rice bran 3kg/m in the above 3And 0.3kg/m 3The yeast chaff that bacterial classification is made carries out artificial or machine mixing, guarantees humidity 45% (moisture ratio 1kg/m 3), hold not agglomeratingly, husk, sawdust, rice bran and bacterial classification are mixed fully.
(2) heap fermentation
After bedding and padding behaviour evenly mixes, to one side heap fermentation, pile up back 4 to 5 of branches on the fermentation bedding and padding and put into 100 ℃ of mercurial thermometers, check fermentation bedding and padding variations in temperature in every morning, noon, evening, guarantee that temperature rises to 45-50 ℃ in 24 hours, reach 60-70 ℃ in 5-7 days, again stirred bedding and padding 1 time every 5-7 days, substantially spread the bedding and padding that ferment after 3 weeks out, only after bedding and padding complete fermentation maturation, just can be used to raise pigs.
(3) bedding and padding are laid
Bedding and padding are through after fully fermenting, and temperature should be steady substantially, and when spreading bedding and padding out, smell is salubrious, and one lactic acid fragrance is arranged.This explanation bedding and padding success of having fermented promptly can be carried out the laying of bedding and padding, and bedding and padding are spread out does not have individual corner, paves.
Among the present invention, also can in swinery, place toy, as the colour ball of slinging, harder little basketballs etc. allow pig play, and so also can increase bedding and padding, the not effect of fixing defecation of stirring.
Among the present invention, the groove edge of described automatic dump food case and the interval between the food tank wall can not enter crib with the pig four limbs and be advisable.
The system ventilation ventilation principle of raising pigs described in the present invention by the negative pressure exhausting, makes the exchange of indoor and outdoor air with indoor hot gas, and oxious gas is discharged fully, inflow fresh air naturally, and any sultry improper ventilation problem all can effectively be improved.The per hour indoor and outdoor air exchange of one typhoon machine with 1000M3, the effect that makes each indoor position have family's fan directly to blow in the time of exhausting, if starting the ventilating opening sprayer unit when temperature is higher makes when more ventilating and will can reduce rapidly in the water smoke suction pig house about pig house temperature 15 degree, just fan and cascade are used in the cooling of tradition pig house, can only interiorly circulate, the inner air and outer air exchange can not effectively circulate at all.
Beneficial effect: adopt the system of raising pigs of the present invention to realize the zero-emission truly of pig manure urine, improved pig farm sanitation and hygiene level comprehensively, improved efficiency of feed utilization, effectively reduce the generation of disease and spread, improve meat quality, reduce big porker in the hurdle time, raise labour productivity, reduce cost consumptions such as water power.
Description of drawings
Fig. 1 is a schematic diagram of the present invention
Fig. 2 is the schematic diagram of hurdle house of raising pigs
Fig. 3 is the schematic diagram of automatic dump food case
Embodiment
For technological means, creation characteristic that the present invention is realized, reach purpose and effect is easy to understand, below in conjunction with concrete diagram, further set forth the utility model.
Referring to Fig. 1, a kind of based on the biological fermentation bed exhaust ventilation formula system of raising pigs, comprise the enclosure wall 1 that is built into by construction material, the roof 2 at enclosure wall top, the hurdle house 3 of raising pigs in the enclosure wall, described enclosure wall 1 adopts hollow brick to replace common brick to make materials for wall, make its thermal resistance improve 41%, and design thermal resistance value and performance of ventilating that double-deck wind-tunnel hollow wall improves body of wall, enclosure wall 1 outer wall limewash painted white, to improve the albedo and the heat leakage rate of pig house outer surface, thereby reduce solar thermal energy in the pig house and the transmission of pig body, enclosure wall 1 ground place is provided with some air intake passages 11, air intake passage 11 is communicated with hollow wall, realize circulation of air, the wind-tunnel mouth 12 of body of wall is equipped with sprayer unit and makes when more ventilating and will can reduce rapidly in the water smoke suction pig house about pig house temperature 15 degree; Described roof 2 adopts the less and air-locked roof Material of thermal conductivity factors to make, and takes thermal insulation of roof design such as many rooms Architectural Construction, and the top is provided with air exhauster 21 and vent 22.
Referring to Fig. 2, the described hurdle house 3 of raising pigs is microbial fermentation bed to raise pig hurdle house, be designed to the single-row hurdle of rectangle house, fence 31 wherein is provided with cement passageway 32 on one side, remainder is a microbial fermentation bed 33, automatic dump food case 34 is set at 32 two ends, cement passageway, be convenient to force the pig motion, be beneficial to stir the ground bedding and padding, cultivate the custom of unfixing defecation urine, or upset the custom of pig fixed location defecation as far as possible, the fecaluria that pork chop is gone out is assimilated by bedding and padding equably like this, reduce artificial auxiliary the covering, and in swinery, place toy, as the colour ball of slinging, harder little basketball etc., allow pig play, so also can increase the stirring bedding and padding, the not effect of fixing defecation.
In the present embodiment, the preparation method of described microbial fermentation bed is:
1) mix
By fermentation bed construction requirements, husk and sawdust respectively 50% are put into fermentation vat, and winter-spring season is sprinkled into rice bran 3kg/m in the above 3And 0.3kg/m 3The yeast chaff that bacterial classification is made carries out artificial or machine mixing, guarantees humidity 45% (moisture ratio 1kg/m 3), hold not agglomeratingly, husk, sawdust, rice bran and bacterial classification are mixed fully.
(2) heap fermentation
After bedding and padding behaviour evenly mixes, to one side heap fermentation, pile up back 4 to 5 of branches on the fermentation bedding and padding and put into 100 ℃ of mercurial thermometers, check fermentation bedding and padding variations in temperature in every morning, noon, evening, guarantee that temperature rises to 45-50 ℃ in 24 hours, reach 60-70 ℃ in 5-7 days, again stirred bedding and padding 1 time every 5-7 days, substantially spread the bedding and padding that ferment after 3 weeks out, only after bedding and padding complete fermentation maturation, just can be used to raise pigs.
(3) bedding and padding are laid
Bedding and padding are through after fully fermenting, and temperature should be steady substantially, and when spreading bedding and padding out, smell is salubrious, and one lactic acid fragrance is arranged.This explanation bedding and padding success of having fermented promptly can be carried out the laying of bedding and padding, and bedding and padding are spread out does not have individual corner, paves.
Referring to Fig. 3, the groove of automatic dump food case 34 can not enter crib along the interval between 34a and the food tank wall 34b with the pig four limbs and be advisable.
More than show and described basic principle of the present invention and principal character and advantage of the present invention.The technical staff of the industry should understand; the present invention is not restricted to the described embodiments; that describes in the foregoing description and the specification just illustrates principle of the present invention; without departing from the spirit and scope of the present invention; the present invention also has various changes and modifications, and these changes and improvements all fall in the claimed scope of the invention.The claimed scope of the present invention is defined by appending claims and equivalent thereof.

Claims (4)

1. one kind based on the biological fermentation bed exhaust ventilation formula system of raising pigs, comprise the enclosure wall that is built into by construction material, the roof at enclosure wall top, the hurdle house of raising pigs in the enclosure wall, it is characterized in that, described enclosure wall adopts hollow brick to make materials for wall, and design double-deck wind-tunnel hollow wall, enclosure wall outer wall limewash painted white, enclosure wall ground place is provided with some air intake passages, air intake passage is communicated with hollow wall, and the wind-tunnel mouth of body of wall is equipped with sprayer unit and makes when more ventilating and will reduce the pig house temperature in the water smoke suction pig house rapidly; Described roof adopts the less and air-locked roof Material of thermal conductivity factor to make, and takes thermal insulation of roof design such as many rooms Architectural Construction, and the top is provided with air exhauster and vent; The described hurdle house of raising pigs is microbial fermentation bed to raise pig hurdle house, is the single-row hurdle of rectangle house, Yi Bian fence wherein is provided with the cement passageway, remainder is the microbial fermentation bed, and automatic dump food case is set at two ends, cement passageway.
2. according to claim 1 a kind of based on the biological fermentation bed exhaust ventilation formula system of raising pigs, it is characterized in that the preparation method of described microbial fermentation bed is:
1) mix
By fermentation bed construction requirements, husk and sawdust respectively 50% are put into fermentation vat, and winter-spring season is sprinkled into rice bran 3kg/m in the above 3And 0.3kg/m 3The yeast chaff that bacterial classification is made carries out artificial or machine mixing, guarantees humidity 45%, holds not agglomeratingly, and husk, sawdust, rice bran and bacterial classification are mixed fully;
(2) heap fermentation
After bedding and padding behaviour evenly mixes, to one side heap fermentation, pile up back 4 to 5 of branches on the fermentation bedding and padding and put into 100 ℃ of mercurial thermometers, check fermentation bedding and padding variations in temperature in every morning, noon, evening, guarantee that temperature rises to 45-50 ℃ in 24 hours, reach 60-70 ℃ in 5-7 days, again stirred bedding and padding 1 time every 5-7 days, substantially spread the bedding and padding that ferment after 3 weeks out, only after bedding and padding complete fermentation maturation, just can be used to raise pigs;
(3) bedding and padding are laid
Bedding and padding are through after the abundant fermentation, and temperature should be steady substantially, and when spreading bedding and padding out, smell is salubrious, and one lactic acid fragrance is arranged, and the success of having fermented of these explanation bedding and padding promptly can be carried out the laying of bedding and padding, and bedding and padding are spread out does not have individual corner, paves.
3. according to claim 1 a kind ofly it is characterized in that, place toy in the described hurdle house of raising pigs and play by pig based on the biological fermentation bed exhaust ventilation formula system of raising pigs.
4. according to claim 1 a kind ofly it is characterized in that based on the biological fermentation bed exhaust ventilation formula system of raising pigs, the groove of described automatic dump food case along and the food tank wall between the interval can not enter crib with the pig four limbs and be advisable.
CN2010102379673A 2010-07-27 2010-07-27 Negative-pressure ventilation type pig raising system based on biological fermenting bed Expired - Fee Related CN101933462B (en)

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Cited By (12)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102246702A (en) * 2011-04-29 2011-11-23 曹亚如 Device for adjusting temperature of fattening pig house
CN102505870A (en) * 2011-11-01 2012-06-20 刘作君 Energy-saving building with cooling structure
CN102696491A (en) * 2012-06-05 2012-10-03 遂宁市珠珠农牧发展有限公司 Ecotype energy-saving and emission-reducing hog house design and construction technology
CN102726304A (en) * 2012-06-21 2012-10-17 芜湖诚德农业科技有限公司 Water-spraying cooling system for hog houses
CN102771402A (en) * 2012-06-20 2012-11-14 陈金元 Underground ecological pig farm
CN102986541A (en) * 2012-07-30 2013-03-27 四川省环境保护科学研究院 Establishing method of a controllable breeding fermentation bed with air cushion layer and fermentation bed
CN103782926A (en) * 2014-02-17 2014-05-14 南京农业大学 Device and method for reducing heat stress in poultry transportation in summer
CN103968449A (en) * 2014-05-28 2014-08-06 烟台三禾畜牧养殖环境净化工程有限公司 Method for heat exchange warming by virtue of biological fermentation heating and device thereof
CN106688906A (en) * 2017-03-01 2017-05-24 吕廷伟 Building-type standard hog house
CN107372135A (en) * 2017-09-04 2017-11-24 池州市恒森生态农业有限公司 A kind of high bed fermented type pig raising system device
CN112142288A (en) * 2020-11-27 2020-12-29 山东畜牧兽医职业学院 Can clear up dirty drying process device of plant's excrement of peculiar smell in step
CN116602224A (en) * 2023-05-19 2023-08-18 湖南添蓬智能畜牧机械制造有限公司 Box-type pigsty and defecation structure thereof

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Cited By (17)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102246702A (en) * 2011-04-29 2011-11-23 曹亚如 Device for adjusting temperature of fattening pig house
CN102505870A (en) * 2011-11-01 2012-06-20 刘作君 Energy-saving building with cooling structure
CN102505870B (en) * 2011-11-01 2014-12-10 刘作君 Energy-saving building with cooling structure
CN102696491A (en) * 2012-06-05 2012-10-03 遂宁市珠珠农牧发展有限公司 Ecotype energy-saving and emission-reducing hog house design and construction technology
CN102771402A (en) * 2012-06-20 2012-11-14 陈金元 Underground ecological pig farm
CN102726304A (en) * 2012-06-21 2012-10-17 芜湖诚德农业科技有限公司 Water-spraying cooling system for hog houses
CN102986541A (en) * 2012-07-30 2013-03-27 四川省环境保护科学研究院 Establishing method of a controllable breeding fermentation bed with air cushion layer and fermentation bed
CN102986541B (en) * 2012-07-30 2015-05-20 四川省环境保护科学研究院 Establishing method of a controllable breeding fermentation bed with air cushion layer and fermentation bed
CN103782926A (en) * 2014-02-17 2014-05-14 南京农业大学 Device and method for reducing heat stress in poultry transportation in summer
CN103968449A (en) * 2014-05-28 2014-08-06 烟台三禾畜牧养殖环境净化工程有限公司 Method for heat exchange warming by virtue of biological fermentation heating and device thereof
CN103968449B (en) * 2014-05-28 2017-01-18 车前进 Device for heat exchange warming by virtue of biological fermentation heating
CN106688906A (en) * 2017-03-01 2017-05-24 吕廷伟 Building-type standard hog house
CN107372135A (en) * 2017-09-04 2017-11-24 池州市恒森生态农业有限公司 A kind of high bed fermented type pig raising system device
CN107372135B (en) * 2017-09-04 2023-12-26 池州市恒森生态农业有限公司 High bed fermentation formula system device of raising pigs
CN112142288A (en) * 2020-11-27 2020-12-29 山东畜牧兽医职业学院 Can clear up dirty drying process device of plant's excrement of peculiar smell in step
CN116602224A (en) * 2023-05-19 2023-08-18 湖南添蓬智能畜牧机械制造有限公司 Box-type pigsty and defecation structure thereof
CN116602224B (en) * 2023-05-19 2023-10-31 湖南添蓬智能畜牧机械制造有限公司 Box-type pigsty and defecation structure thereof

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