CN101850908B - Method for shipping and unshipping sacked goods at wharf and ship loader and ship unloader - Google Patents

Method for shipping and unshipping sacked goods at wharf and ship loader and ship unloader Download PDF

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Publication number
CN101850908B
CN101850908B CN201010183947.2A CN201010183947A CN101850908B CN 101850908 B CN101850908 B CN 101850908B CN 201010183947 A CN201010183947 A CN 201010183947A CN 101850908 B CN101850908 B CN 101850908B
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fixed
scalable
crossbeam
point
belt feeder
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CN201010183947.2A
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CN101850908A (en
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陈锡建
虎自平
成宇
肖正宏
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陈锡建
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Abstract

The invention relates to a method for shipping and unshipping sacked goods at a wharf and a ship loader and a ship unloader. A belt conveyor, a gantry crane, a cantilever hanger, a pivoting support, a telescopic girder and other equipment are combined according to a certain mode so as to enable the ship loader/unloader to reciprocate on a barge and realize various different functional actions of stretching, lifting and rotating through devices thereof to satisfy different spatial position requirements in an operation period, thus overcoming the defects of a traditional unloading mode, realizing rapid loading or unloading on cargo ships at any position and any height, greatly reducing the quantity of operators and improving the operation efficiency. The invention has reasonable structure, convenient operation and use and easy manufacture and implementation.

Description

The shipment of harbour sacked goods, the method for unloading a ship and shipment, ship unloaders

One, technical field:

The present invention relates to efficient bagged material handling method and the equipment of harbour special use, particularly relate to a kind of harbour sacked goods shipment, the method for unloading a ship and shipment, ship unloaders.

Two, background technology:

Existing shipment and the mode of unloading a ship, be all generally in advance material collation package to be broken into Yi great Bao by operating personnel, then by landing stage or loop wheel machine on the bank, sling and be put into the unpacking on platform of appointment, then one wraps partition and is put on corresponding conveyer.The drawback of this mode is: 1. manually move material bag distance greatly, and need manually material bag code to be piled, labour intensity is very large; 2. inefficiency, operating personnel is many; 3. the loop wheel machine on landing stage can not move, and needs carrier to move around; 4. while loading onto ship, because lower package location is fixed, need personnel along captain or beam direction carrying material bag, in like manner, the large efficiency of labour intensity is low, required artificial many.

Three, summary of the invention:

The invention provides a kind of drawback that can overcome above-mentioned traditional handling mode also can greatly reduce operating personnel's quantity, improve greatly the harbour sacked goods shipment of operating efficiency, the method for unloading a ship and shipment, ship unloaders.

Technical scheme:

A kind of harbour sacked goods method of unloading a ship, the landing stage that is provided with ship unloaders is sailed between freighter and harbour, ship unloaders are provided with an oblique connecting gear that can rotate and rotate along vertical axis along horizontal shaft simultaneously, according to the display case of sacked goods in cabin, adjust the lower end point of delivery A of described oblique connecting gear near sacked goods; Sacked goods is positioned over to A point place, and under inclined conveying machine drives, sacked goods is transported to output point B place, inclined conveying machine upper end; In the B point back lower place, telescopic transverse conveying mechanism is set, this telescopic transverse conveying mechanism comprises fixed lateral load-transfer device and scalable transverse onveyer, the sacked goods that B is ordered falls to the bank end C point far away of scalable transverse onveyer naturally, and scalable transverse onveyer is carried and made sacked goods be sent to its offshore end D point to harbour direction; Described fixed lateral load-transfer device is positioned at the back lower place of scalable transverse onveyer, sacked goods falls to fixed lateral load-transfer device stage casing or its bank end E point far away naturally from D point, and fixed lateral load-transfer device is carried and made sacked goods be sent to its offshore end F point to harbour direction; In the back lower place of described fixed lateral load-transfer device, be provided with belt feeder longitudinally, described longitudinal belt machine below is provided with the horizontal belt feeder being in transmission connection with harbour conveying mechanism, sacked goods is longitudinally from converging that belt feeder end falls naturally or by establishing sloping baffle and make sacked goods be forced to fall to described horizontal belt feeder longitudinally converging belt feeder stage casing, laterally belt feeder is delivered to sacked goods harbour conveying mechanism again.

According to the unloading situation of sacked goods on freighter, adjust described inclined conveying machine structure, telescopic transverse conveying mechanism is done longitudinal translation, and oblique load-transfer device is moved near sacked goods to be unloaded simultaneously.

Described inclined conveying machine structure can stretch along its transmission direction, thereby the distance between the lower end point of delivery A of inclined conveying machine structure and upper end point of delivery B can be adjusted.

A kind of harbour sacked goods shipment method, the landing stage that is provided with ship loader is sailed between freighter and harbour, on landing stage, be provided with the horizontal belt feeder being in transmission connection with harbour conveying mechanism, in the front lower place of this horizontal belt feeder, be provided with longitudinal belt machine, sacked goods is transferred to described horizontal belt feeder from harbour conveying mechanism, and described horizontal belt feeder is delivered to sacked goods on described longitudinal belt machine again; In the front lower place of longitudinal belt machine, be provided with the telescopic transverse conveying mechanism of level, this telescopic transverse conveying mechanism comprises fixed lateral load-transfer device and scalable transverse onveyer, establishes sloping baffle make sacked goods be forced to fall to the offshore end F point of described fixed lateral load-transfer device in the stage casing of described longitudinal belt machine; Fixed lateral load-transfer device is carried and is made sacked goods be sent to its bank end E point far away to freighter direction; Described scalable transverse onveyer is positioned at the front lower place of fixed lateral load-transfer device, and sacked goods falls to scalable transverse onveyer stage casing or its offshore end D point naturally from E point; Scalable transverse onveyer is carried and is made sacked goods be sent to its bank end C point far away to freighter direction; In the front lower place of scalable transverse onveyer, be provided with an oblique connecting gear that can rotate and rotate along vertical axis along horizontal shaft simultaneously, according to sacked goods in cabin, need display case, the lower end point of delivery A that adjusts described oblique connecting gear, in treating near putting position, drops to the upper end B point of oblique connecting gear naturally from the bank end C point far away of scalable transverse onveyer; Under inclined conveying machine drives, sacked goods is transported to output point A place, inclined conveying machine lower end, freights.

According to the loaded-up condition of sacked goods on freighter, adjust described inclined conveying machine structure, the telescopic transverse conveying mechanism of level is done longitudinal translation, and oblique load-transfer device is moved near sacked goods to be unloaded simultaneously.

Described inclined conveying machine structure can stretch along its transmission direction, thereby the distance between the lower end point of delivery A of inclined conveying machine structure and upper end point of delivery B can be adjusted.

A kind of harbour sacked goods ship unloaders, comprise landing stage, be arranged on and on landing stage, have belt feeder, on landing stage, be provided with the door machine of a longitudinally translation gliding, door machine lower end coordinates slip with guide rail by road wheel, one of them guide rail is arranged at landing stage upper surface, another guide rail is arranged at the fixed support upside on landing stage, on this fixed support, be provided with and longitudinally converge belt feeder, at middle part, landing stage or one end, be provided with horizontal belt feeder, transitive relation is set up in this horizontal belt feeder and the transmission of harbour conveying mechanism simultaneously; In described door machine upper end, be provided with fixed cross beam, while in fixed cross beam, is provided with guide rail and Matching installation has scalable crossbeam, by flexible engine installation, be in transmission connection between the two, in or beyond fixed cross beam and scalable crossbeam, be respectively equipped with fixed lateral load-transfer device and scalable transverse onveyer, scalable transverse onveyer is positioned at fixed lateral load-transfer device front upper place, and fixed lateral load-transfer device is positioned at and longitudinally converges belt feeder top; Bank end far away at flexible crossbeam arranges a pivoting support that can rotate along vertical axis, pivoting support connects reductor and actuating unit, one end of one cantilever hanger is hinged on the bank end far away of scalable crossbeam by described pivoting support, a horizontally hinged inclined conveying machine structure also on this suspension bracket simultaneously, the upper end output point B of described inclined conveying machine structure is positioned at the bank end C point upside far away of scalable transverse onveyer; In described cantilever hanger, be provided with the lifting rope that electric block drives, lifting rope end connects described inclined conveying machine structure stage casing, thereby oblique conveying mechanism can rotate by horizontally hinged axle along its upper end under the driving of electric block.

A kind of harbour sacked goods ship loader, comprise landing stage, be arranged on belt feeder on landing stage, on landing stage, be provided with the door machine of a longitudinally translation gliding, door machine lower end coordinates slip with guide rail by road wheel, one of them guide rail is arranged at landing stage upper surface, another guide rail is arranged at the fixed support upside on landing stage, on this fixed support, be provided with and longitudinally converge belt feeder, at middle part, landing stage or one end, be provided with horizontal belt feeder, transitive relation is set up in this horizontal belt feeder and the transmission of harbour conveying mechanism simultaneously, in described door machine upper end, be provided with fixed cross beam, while in fixed cross beam, is provided with guide rail and Matching installation has scalable crossbeam, by flexible engine installation, be in transmission connection between the two, in or beyond fixed cross beam and scalable crossbeam, be respectively equipped with fixed lateral load-transfer device and scalable transverse onveyer, scalable transverse onveyer is positioned at fixed lateral load-transfer device front lower place, longitudinally converge belt feeder and be positioned at fixed lateral load-transfer device top, or longitudinally converge belt feeder and be positioned at fixed lateral load-transfer device below, make fixed lateral load-transfer device be transported to the top of flexible transverse onveyer on tiltedly, bank end far away at flexible crossbeam arranges a pivoting support that can rotate along vertical axis, pivoting support connects reductor and actuating unit, one end of one cantilever hanger is hinged on the bank end far away of scalable crossbeam by described pivoting support, a horizontally hinged inclined conveying machine structure also on this suspension bracket simultaneously, the upper end output point B of described inclined conveying machine structure is positioned at the bank end C point downside far away of scalable transverse onveyer, in described cantilever hanger, be provided with the lifting rope that electric block drives, lifting rope end connects described inclined conveying machine structure stage casing, thereby oblique conveying mechanism can rotate by horizontally hinged axle along its upper end under the driving of electric block.

Between described fixed cross beam and scalable crossbeam, by pulley and drag rope, coordinate and realize fore and aft motion, before being respectively equipped with on the bilateral symmetry position of scalable crossbeam, rear haulage point, inside fixed cross beam, offshore end is fixed with engine, engine respectively has respectively output shaft after by reductor to both sides, and be separately installed with hitch wheel on two output shafts, in fixed cross beam two madial wall symmetric positions, be separately installed with deflection sheave, rope one end is fixed on the front haulage point of scalable beam side wall, then after walking around deflection sheave, be wrapped on traction rotating cylinder, the rope other end is fixed on the rear haulage point of scalable beam side wall.

Between described fixed cross beam and scalable crossbeam, by connecting fluid cylinder pressure, realize fore and aft motion, hydraulic cylinder base is fixed or is hinged on fixed cross beam offshore end inner side end, and hydraulic cylinder extension bar end is fixed or is hinged on scalable crossbeam offshore end end face.

Between described fixed cross beam and scalable crossbeam, by gear and tooth bar, realize fore and aft motion, scalable crossbeam lower end is provided with driven wheel, and this gear is tooth bar engagement with the guide rail that is positioned at fixed cross beam inside bottom surface.

Between described fixed cross beam and scalable crossbeam, by turbine and worm, coordinate and realize fore and aft motion, on the bottom of scalable crossbeam or dual-side, be fixed with nut pipe or turbine, on fixed cross beam offshore end inner side end, engine and reductor are installed, the output shaft of reductor is fixedly connected with a thread rod, and described thread rod mates engagement with nut pipe or turbine.

Beneficial effect of the present invention:

1, harbour sacked goods shipment of the present invention, the method for unloading a ship and shipment, ship unloaders, can overcome the drawback of above-mentioned traditional handling mode, can realize the optional position arbitrary height of freighter is carried out to quick loading or unloading, and can greatly reduce operating personnel's quantity, improved operating efficiency greatly.

2, harbour sacked goods shipment of the present invention, ship unloaders, the equipment such as belt conveyer, door machine, cantilever hanger, pivoting support, telescopic girder have been adopted, and by the combination of certain way, make the machine both can be on landing stage crank motion, can realize by self device again flexible, lifting, rotate each different function action, to meet locus requirements different between operational period.

3, harbour sacked goods shipment of the present invention, ship unloaders, rational in infrastructure, easy for operation, easily manufactures and implement.

Four, accompanying drawing explanation:

Fig. 1 is the harbour sacked goods of the present invention method schematic diagram of unloading a ship;

Fig. 2 is Fig. 1 schematic top plan view;

Fig. 3 is harbour sacked goods shipment method schematic diagram of the present invention;

Fig. 4 is Fig. 3 schematic top plan view;

Fig. 5 is harbour sacked goods ship unloaders structural representation of the present invention;

Fig. 6 is the fragmentary top TV structure schematic diagram of Fig. 5;

Fig. 7 is one of fit structure schematic diagram between telescopic girder;

Fig. 8 be between telescopic girder fit structure schematic diagram two;

Fig. 9 be between telescopic girder fit structure schematic diagram three;

Figure 10 be between telescopic girder fit structure schematic diagram four;

Figure 11 is harbour sacked goods ship loader structural representation of the present invention;

Figure 12 is the fragmentary top TV structure schematic diagram of Figure 11.

In figure, number 1 for landing stage, 2 is fixed cross beam section, 3 is scalable beam segments, 4 is cantilever hanger, 5 is oblique belt feeder, 6 is pivoting support, 7 is motor and reductor, 8 is electric block, 9 is lifting rope, 10 for longitudinally converging belt feeder, 11a, 11b is respectively road wheel and guide rail mechanism, 12 is bracing frame, 13 for laterally converging belt feeder, 14 is freighter, 15 is fixed type belt feeder, 16 is Extensible belt machine, 17 for being positioned at the front haulage point of scalable beam segments sidewall, 18 for being positioned at the scalable horizontal rear haulage point that connects section sidewall, 19 is deflection sheave, 20 is drag rope, 21 is engine and reductor mechanism, 22 is hitch wheel, 23 is hydraulic actuating cylinder, 24 is driven wheel, 25 is tooth bar, 26 is nut pipe, 27 is screw rod, 28 is fixed sleeving, 29 is helper, 30 is hydraulic power unit, 31 for slipping bag groove, 32 is material bag flowline, 33 is sloping baffle, 34 is hydraulic power unit.

Five, specific embodiments:

Embodiment mono-: referring to Fig. 1, Fig. 2, a kind of harbour sacked goods method of unloading a ship: the landing stage that is provided with ship unloaders is sailed between freighter and harbour, ship unloaders are provided with an oblique connecting gear that can rotate and rotate along vertical axis along horizontal shaft simultaneously, wherein said horizontal shaft and vertical axis are all positioned at the top (or upper end) of oblique connecting gear, according to the display case of sacked goods in cabin, adjust the lower end point of delivery A of described oblique connecting gear near sacked goods; Sacked goods is positioned over to A point place, and under inclined conveying machine drives, sacked goods is transported to output point B place, inclined conveying machine upper end; In the B point back lower place, telescopic transverse conveying mechanism is set, this telescopic transverse conveying mechanism comprises fixed lateral load-transfer device and scalable transverse onveyer, the sacked goods that B is ordered falls to the bank end C point far away of scalable transverse onveyer naturally, and scalable transverse onveyer is carried and made sacked goods be sent to its offshore end D point to harbour direction; Described fixed lateral load-transfer device is positioned at the back lower place of scalable transverse onveyer, sacked goods falls to fixed lateral load-transfer device stage casing or its bank end E point far away naturally from D point, and fixed lateral load-transfer device is carried and made sacked goods be sent to its offshore end F point to harbour direction; In the back lower place of described fixed lateral load-transfer device, be provided with belt feeder longitudinally, described longitudinal belt machine below is provided with the horizontal belt feeder being in transmission connection with harbour conveying mechanism, sacked goods is longitudinally from converging that belt feeder end falls naturally or by establishing sloping baffle and make sacked goods be forced to fall to described horizontal belt feeder longitudinally converging belt feeder stage casing, laterally belt feeder is delivered to sacked goods harbour conveying mechanism again.

According to the unloading situation of sacked goods on freighter, adjust described inclined conveying machine structure, the telescopic transverse conveying mechanism of level is done longitudinal translation, and oblique load-transfer device is moved near sacked goods to be unloaded simultaneously, be convenient to unloading.

Embodiment bis-: accompanying drawing is not drawn, content and embodiment mono-are basic identical, something in common does not repeat, different: described inclined conveying machine structure can stretch along its transmission direction, thereby the distance between the lower end point of delivery A of inclined conveying machine structure and upper end point of delivery B can be adjusted.

Embodiment tri-: referring to Fig. 3, Fig. 4, a kind of harbour sacked goods shipment method, it is characterized in that, the landing stage that is provided with ship loader is sailed between freighter and harbour, on landing stage, be provided with the horizontal belt feeder being in transmission connection with harbour conveying mechanism, in the front lower place of this horizontal belt feeder, be provided with longitudinal belt machine, sacked goods is transferred to described horizontal belt feeder from harbour conveying mechanism, and described horizontal belt feeder is delivered to sacked goods on described longitudinal belt machine again; In the front lower place of longitudinal belt machine, be provided with the telescopic transverse conveying mechanism of level, this telescopic transverse conveying mechanism comprises fixed lateral load-transfer device and scalable transverse onveyer, establishes sloping baffle make sacked goods be forced to fall to the offshore end F point of described fixed lateral load-transfer device in the stage casing of described longitudinal belt machine; Fixed lateral load-transfer device is carried and is made sacked goods be sent to its bank end E point far away to freighter direction; Described scalable transverse onveyer is positioned at the front lower place of fixed lateral load-transfer device, and sacked goods falls to scalable transverse onveyer stage casing or its offshore end D point naturally from E point; Scalable transverse onveyer is carried and is made sacked goods be sent to its bank end C point far away to freighter direction; In the front lower place of scalable transverse onveyer, be provided with an oblique connecting gear that can rotate and rotate along vertical axis along horizontal shaft simultaneously, according to sacked goods in cabin, need display case, the lower end point of delivery A that adjusts described oblique connecting gear, in treating near putting position, drops to the upper end B point of oblique connecting gear naturally from the bank end C point far away of scalable transverse onveyer; Under inclined conveying machine drives, sacked goods is transported to output point A place, inclined conveying machine lower end, freights.

According to the loaded-up condition of sacked goods on freighter, adjust described inclined conveying machine structure, the telescopic transverse conveying mechanism of level is done longitudinal translation, and oblique load-transfer device is moved near packed sacked goods simultaneously, be convenient to loading.

Embodiment tetra-: accompanying drawing is not drawn, content and embodiment tri-are basic identical, something in common does not repeat, different: described inclined conveying machine structure can stretch along its transmission direction, thereby the distance between the lower end point of delivery A of inclined conveying machine structure and upper end point of delivery B can be adjusted.

Embodiment five: referring to Fig. 5, Fig. 6, Fig. 7, a kind of harbour sacked goods ship unloaders, comprise landing stage 1, on landing stage 1, be provided with the door machine of a longitudinally translation gliding, door machine lower end coordinates slip with guide rail by road wheel, one of them guide rail 11a is arranged at landing stage upper surface, another guide rail is established 11b and is placed in fixed support 12 upsides on landing stage, on this fixed support 12, be provided with and longitudinally converge belt feeder 10, at middle part, landing stage or one end, be provided with horizontal belt feeder 13, this horizontal belt feeder 13 is set up transitive relation with the transmission of harbour conveying mechanism simultaneously; In described door machine upper end, be provided with fixed cross beam 2, while in fixed cross beam 2, is provided with guide rail and Matching installation has scalable crossbeam 3, by flexible engine installation, be in transmission connection and jointly form telescopic transverse conveying mechanism between the two, in fixed cross beam 2 and scalable crossbeam 3, be respectively equipped with fixed lateral load-transfer device 15 and scalable transverse onveyer 16, scalable transverse onveyer 16 is positioned at fixed lateral load-transfer device 15 front upper places, and fixed lateral load-transfer device 15 is positioned at and longitudinally converges belt feeder 10 tops; Bank end far away at flexible crossbeam 2 arranges a pivoting support 6 that can rotate along vertical axis, pivoting support 6 connects reductor 7 and actuating unit, one end of one cantilever hanger 4 is hinged on the bank end far away of scalable crossbeam 3 by described pivoting support 6, a horizontally hinged inclined conveying machine structure 5 also on this suspension bracket 4 simultaneously, the upper end output point B of described inclined conveying machine structure 5 is positioned at the bank end C point upside far away of scalable transverse onveyer 16; In described cantilever hanger 4, be provided with the lifting rope 9 that electric block 8 drives, lifting rope 9 ends connect described inclined conveying machine structure 5 stage casings, thereby oblique conveying mechanism 5 can rotate by horizontally hinged axle along its upper end under the driving of electric block 8.

Between described fixed cross beam 2 and scalable crossbeam 3, by pulley and drag rope, coordinate and realize fore and aft motion, before being respectively equipped with on the bilateral symmetry position of scalable crossbeam 3, rear haulage point 17, 18, at fixed cross beam 2 inner side offshore ends, be fixed with engine, engine respectively has respectively an output shaft by reductor 21 is rear to both sides, and on two output shafts, be separately installed with hitch wheel 22, in 2 liang of madial wall symmetric positions of fixed cross beam, be separately installed with deflection sheave 19, rope 20 one end are fixed on the front haulage point 17 of scalable crossbeam 3 sidewalls, then after walking around deflection sheave 19, be wrapped on traction rotating cylinder 22, rope 20 other ends are fixed on the rear haulage point 18 of scalable beam side wall.

Embodiment six: referring to Fig. 7, Figure 11, Figure 12, a kind of harbour sacked goods ship loader, comprise landing stage 1, on landing stage 1, be provided with the door machine of a longitudinally translation gliding, door machine lower end coordinates slip with guide rail by road wheel, one of them guide rail 11a is arranged at landing stage upper surface, another guide rail is established 11b and is placed in fixed support 12 upsides on landing stage, on this fixed support 12, be provided with and longitudinally converge belt feeder 10, at middle part, landing stage or one end, be provided with horizontal belt feeder 13, this horizontal belt feeder 13 is set up transitive relation with the transmission of harbour conveying mechanism simultaneously, in described door machine upper end, be provided with fixed cross beam 2, while in fixed cross beam 2, is provided with guide rail and Matching installation has scalable crossbeam 3, by flexible engine installation, be in transmission connection between the two, in or beyond fixed cross beam 2 and scalable crossbeam 3, be respectively equipped with fixed lateral load-transfer device 15 and scalable transverse onveyer 16, scalable transverse onveyer 16 is positioned at fixed lateral load-transfer device 15 front lower places, longitudinally converge belt feeder 10 and be positioned at fixed lateral load-transfer device 15 tops, or longitudinally converge belt feeder 10 and be positioned at scalable transverse onveyer 16 belows, make to be transported on fixed lateral load-transfer device oblique 15 top of flexible transverse onveyer 16, bank end far away at scalable crossbeam arranges a pivoting support 6 that can rotate along vertical axis, pivoting support 6 connects reductor 7 and actuating unit, one end of one cantilever hanger 4 is hinged on the bank end far away of scalable crossbeam by described pivoting support 6, a horizontally hinged inclined conveying machine structure 5 also on this suspension bracket 4 simultaneously, the upper end output point B of described inclined conveying machine structure 5 is positioned at the bank end C point downside far away of scalable transverse onveyer 16, in described cantilever hanger 4, be provided with the lifting rope that electric block 8 drives, lifting rope end connects described inclined conveying machine structure 5 stage casings, thereby oblique conveying mechanism can rotate by horizontally hinged axle along its upper end under the driving of electric block.

Between described fixed cross beam 2 and scalable crossbeam 3, by pulley and drag rope, coordinate and realize fore and aft motion, before being respectively equipped with on the bilateral symmetry position of scalable crossbeam 3, rear haulage point 17, 18, at fixed cross beam 2 inner side offshore ends, be fixed with engine, engine respectively has respectively an output shaft by reductor 21 is rear to both sides, and on two output shafts, be separately installed with hitch wheel 22, in 2 liang of madial wall symmetric positions of fixed cross beam, be separately installed with deflection sheave 19, rope 20 one end are fixed on the front haulage point 17 of scalable crossbeam 3 sidewalls, then after walking around deflection sheave 19, be wrapped on traction rotating cylinder 22, rope 20 other ends are fixed on the rear haulage point 18 of scalable beam side wall.

Embodiment seven, eight: referring to Fig. 8, content is identical referring to embodiment five or six respectively, something in common does not repeat, different: between described fixed cross beam 2 and scalable crossbeam 3, by connecting fluid cylinder pressure 23, to realize fore and aft motion, hydraulic cylinder base is fixed or is hinged on fixed cross beam 2 offshore end inner side ends, and hydraulic cylinder extension bar end is fixed or is hinged on scalable crossbeam 2 offshore end end faces.

Embodiment nine, ten: referring to Fig. 9, content is identical referring to embodiment five or six respectively, something in common does not repeat, different: between described fixed cross beam 2 and scalable crossbeam 3, by gear and tooth bar, to realize fore and aft motion, scalable crossbeam 3 lower ends are provided with driven wheel 24, and this gear 24 is tooth bar 25 engagements with the guide rail that is positioned at fixed cross beam inside bottom surface.

Embodiment 11,12: referring to Figure 10, content is identical referring to embodiment five or six respectively, something in common does not repeat, different: between described fixed cross beam 2 and scalable crossbeam 3, by turbine and worm, to coordinate and realize fore and aft motion, on the bottom of scalable crossbeam 3 or dual-side, be fixed with nut pipe 26 (or turbine), on fixed cross beam 2 offshore end inner side ends, engine and reductor 21 are installed, the output shaft of reductor 21 is fixedly connected with a thread rod 27, and described thread rod 26 mates engagement with nut pipe 26 (or turbine).

Claims (10)

1. harbour sacked goods ship unloaders, comprise landing stage, be arranged on and on landing stage, have belt feeder, it is characterized in that, on landing stage, be provided with the door machine of a longitudinally translation gliding, door machine lower end coordinates slip with guide rail by road wheel, one of them guide rail is arranged at landing stage upper surface, another guide rail is arranged at the fixed support upside on landing stage, on this fixed support, be provided with and longitudinally converge belt feeder, simultaneously at middle part, landing stage or one end be provided with and laterally converge belt feeder, this laterally converges belt feeder and transitive relation is set up in the transmission of harbour conveying mechanism; In described door machine upper end, be provided with fixed cross beam, while in fixed cross beam, is provided with guide rail and Matching installation has scalable crossbeam, by flexible engine installation, be in transmission connection between the two, in or beyond fixed cross beam and scalable crossbeam, be respectively equipped with fixed lateral load-transfer device and scalable transverse onveyer, scalable transverse onveyer is positioned at fixed lateral load-transfer device front upper place, and fixed lateral load-transfer device is positioned at and longitudinally converges belt feeder top; Bank end far away at scalable crossbeam arranges a pivoting support that can rotate along vertical axis, pivoting support connects reductor and actuating unit, one end of one cantilever hanger is hinged on the bank end far away of scalable crossbeam by described pivoting support, a horizontally hinged inclined conveying machine structure also on this suspension bracket simultaneously, the upper end output point B of described inclined conveying machine structure is positioned at the bank end C point upside far away of scalable transverse onveyer; In described cantilever hanger, be provided with the lifting rope that electric block drives, lifting rope end connects described inclined conveying machine structure stage casing, thereby oblique conveying mechanism can rotate by horizontally hinged axle along its upper end under the driving of electric block.
2. ship unloaders according to claim 1, it is characterized in that, between described fixed cross beam and scalable crossbeam, by pulley and drag rope, coordinate and realize fore and aft motion, before being respectively equipped with on the bilateral symmetry position of scalable crossbeam, rear haulage point, inside fixed cross beam, offshore end is fixed with engine, engine respectively has respectively output shaft after by reductor to both sides, and be separately installed with hitch wheel on two output shafts, in fixed cross beam two madial wall symmetric positions, be separately installed with deflection sheave, rope one end is fixed on the front haulage point of scalable beam side wall, then after walking around deflection sheave, be wrapped on traction rotating cylinder, the rope other end is fixed on the rear haulage point of scalable beam side wall.
3. ship unloaders according to claim 2, it is characterized in that, between described fixed cross beam and scalable crossbeam, by connecting fluid cylinder pressure, realize fore and aft motion, hydraulic cylinder base is fixed or is hinged on fixed cross beam offshore end inner side end, and hydraulic cylinder extension bar end is fixed or is hinged on scalable crossbeam offshore end end face.
4. ship unloaders according to claim 2, it is characterized in that, between described fixed cross beam and scalable crossbeam, by gear and tooth bar, realize fore and aft motion, scalable crossbeam lower end is provided with driven wheel, and this gear is tooth bar engagement with the guide rail that is positioned at fixed cross beam inside bottom surface.
5. ship unloaders according to claim 2, it is characterized in that, between described fixed cross beam and scalable crossbeam, by worm and gear, coordinate and realize fore and aft motion, on the bottom of scalable crossbeam or dual-side, be fixed with nut pipe or worm gear, on fixed cross beam offshore end inner side end, engine and reductor are installed, the output shaft of reductor is fixedly connected with a thread rod, and described thread rod mates engagement with nut pipe or worm gear.
6. a harbour sacked goods ship loader, comprise landing stage, be arranged on belt feeder on landing stage, it is characterized in that, on landing stage, be provided with the door machine of a longitudinally translation gliding, door machine lower end coordinates slip with guide rail by road wheel, one of them guide rail is arranged at landing stage upper surface, another guide rail is arranged at the fixed support upside on landing stage, on this fixed support, be provided with and longitudinally converge belt feeder, simultaneously at middle part, landing stage or one end be provided with and laterally converge belt feeder, this laterally converges belt feeder and transitive relation is set up in the transmission of harbour conveying mechanism; In described door machine upper end, be provided with fixed cross beam, while in fixed cross beam, is provided with guide rail and Matching installation has scalable crossbeam, by flexible engine installation, be in transmission connection between the two, in or beyond fixed cross beam and scalable crossbeam, be respectively equipped with fixed lateral load-transfer device and scalable transverse onveyer, scalable transverse onveyer is positioned at fixed lateral load-transfer device front lower place, longitudinally converges belt feeder and is positioned at fixed lateral load-transfer device top; Bank end far away at scalable crossbeam arranges a pivoting support that can rotate along vertical axis, pivoting support connects reductor and actuating unit, one end of one cantilever hanger is hinged on the bank end far away of scalable crossbeam by described pivoting support, a horizontally hinged inclined conveying machine structure also on this suspension bracket simultaneously, the upper end output point B of described inclined conveying machine structure is positioned at the bank end C point downside far away of scalable transverse onveyer; In described cantilever hanger, be provided with the lifting rope that electric block drives, lifting rope end connects described inclined conveying machine structure stage casing, thereby oblique conveying mechanism can rotate by horizontally hinged axle along its upper end under the driving of electric block.
7. ship loader according to claim 6, it is characterized in that, between described fixed cross beam and scalable crossbeam, by pulley and drag rope, coordinate and realize fore and aft motion, before being respectively equipped with on the bilateral symmetry position of scalable crossbeam, rear haulage point, inside fixed cross beam, offshore end is fixed with engine, engine respectively has respectively output shaft after by reductor to both sides, and be separately installed with hitch wheel on two output shafts, in fixed cross beam two madial wall symmetric positions, be separately installed with deflection sheave, rope one end is fixed on the front haulage point of scalable beam side wall, then after walking around deflection sheave, be wrapped on traction rotating cylinder, the rope other end is fixed on the rear haulage point of scalable beam side wall.
8. ship loader according to claim 6, it is characterized in that, between described fixed cross beam and scalable crossbeam, by connecting fluid cylinder pressure, realize fore and aft motion, hydraulic cylinder base is fixed or is hinged on fixed cross beam offshore end inner side end, and hydraulic cylinder extension bar end is fixed or is hinged on scalable crossbeam offshore end end face.
9. ship loader according to claim 6, it is characterized in that, between described fixed cross beam and scalable crossbeam, by gear and tooth bar, realize fore and aft motion, scalable crossbeam lower end is provided with driven wheel, and this gear is tooth bar engagement with the guide rail that is positioned at fixed cross beam inside bottom surface.
10. ship loader according to claim 6, it is characterized in that, between described fixed cross beam and scalable crossbeam, by worm and gear, coordinate and realize fore and aft motion, on the bottom of scalable crossbeam or dual-side, be fixed with nut pipe or worm gear, on fixed cross beam offshore end inner side end, engine and reductor are installed, the output shaft of reductor is fixedly connected with a thread rod, and described thread rod mates engagement with nut pipe or worm gear.
CN201010183947.2A 2010-05-27 2010-05-27 Method for shipping and unshipping sacked goods at wharf and ship loader and ship unloader CN101850908B (en)

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