CN101792993A - Three-layered complete interchange system at crossroad - Google Patents

Three-layered complete interchange system at crossroad Download PDF

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Publication number
CN101792993A
CN101792993A CN201010003717A CN201010003717A CN101792993A CN 101792993 A CN101792993 A CN 101792993A CN 201010003717 A CN201010003717 A CN 201010003717A CN 201010003717 A CN201010003717 A CN 201010003717A CN 101792993 A CN101792993 A CN 101792993A
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China
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track
hand rotation
viaduct
crossroad
sailed
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CN201010003717A
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Chinese (zh)
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余宾来
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余宾来
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Priority to CN201010003717A priority Critical patent/CN101792993A/en
Publication of CN101792993A publication Critical patent/CN101792993A/en
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Abstract

The invention discloses a three-layered complete interchange system at a crossroad. Vehicles going straight on horizontal lanes pass a straight viaduct of a top layer; left-turn drive-in lanes of the horizontal lanes are connected with corresponding left-turn drive-away lanes of longitudinal lanes via a first left-turn viaduct of an intermediate layer; vehicles going straight on the longitudinal lanes pass straight lanes in the longitudinal direction on the ground; left-turn drive-in lanes of the longitudinal lanes are connected with corresponding left-turn drive-away lanes of the horizontal lanes via a second left-turn viaduct of the intermediate layer; the left-turn drive-in lanes of the longitudinal lanes are connected with the second left-turn viaduct via a left-turn approach span under the first left-turn viaduct; and three-dimensional staggered structures for pedestrians are arranged on the horizontal and longitudinal lanes close to the crossroad respectively. The three-layered complete interchange system has the advantages of compact structure and small floor area, and is applicable to crossroads of urban roads.

Description

The three-layered complete interchange intersection system of crossroad
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of grade separation structure of road, especially relate to a kind of crossroad triple-decker approach system of intercommunication fully.
Background technology
Along with the fast development of economic construction and improving constantly of living standards of the people, the recoverable amount of automobile is increasing sharply, it is crowded day by day that thereby the road that makes the city becomes, especially at the parting of the ways such intersection, because common plane traffic system must have the vehicle in a track to stop under the control of traffic lights and dodge, make the jam of vehicle even more serious, and then influence the travel speed of entire road.In order to solve the problem of blocking up of crossroad, and then the road speed of raising system-wide section, people have found out the different kinds of roads structure, make every effort to solve between two different directions vehicles of right-angled intersection and the cross-cutting issue between vehicle and the pedestrian, common rotating table system that plane structure is arranged and clover leaf overpass bridge, viaduct system.Rotating table system is simple in structure, cost is low, can avoid two intersection-type collisions between the crisscross vehicle, but there are a plurality of joints on the whole rotating disk, in the necessary Reduced Speed Now of joint place vehicle, make the travel speed of vehicle be difficult to significantly improve, also can't guarantee the driving safety of vehicle, in addition, also can't solve the cross-cutting issue of sidewalk and vehicle.Though and existing overpass bridge, viaduct system can solve the chiasma interference problem between the vehicle of both direction, exist usually floor space big, be not suitable for adopting at the parting of the ways and problem that vehicle can not turn around.For example, a kind of disclosed on Chinese patent literature " non-obstacle cross road structures of no traffic lights ", its publication number is CN 1837480A, comprise the vertical track and the horizontal track that intersect in length and breadth, wherein vertically track and horizontal track infall are the stereo staggered structure, vertically one of them level road by infall the place ahead, two tracks in track and horizontal track extends upwardly to the level road at other rear, track, the front end that is positioned at the intersection in the vertical track or the horizontal track of level road is provided with and is connected to the right-hand rotation bend in vertical track with it, be provided with in the rear end that is positioned at the intersection and be connected to the left-turning pathways in vertical track with it, vertical track in the next-door neighbour intersection outside and laterally upper edge, track level road respectively be provided with a cross walk, vertically the track and laterally the track pass through below at the cross walk place by cross walk.Though above-mentioned road structure can solve between the vehicle of different travel directions and the chiasma interference problem between vehicle and the pedestrian, but its left-turning pathways need be arranged in four zones that separated by vertical track and horizontal track, and it is smooth and easy for what turn, its left turn lane is the arc of evagination, therefore its overall floor space is very big, is not suitable for adopting in the crossroad in urban district; And this road structure is not used in the track of turning around of turning around, and turning around of vehicle is also very inconvenient.
Summary of the invention
The objective of the invention is the problem that the existing floor space of overpass bridge system for the crossroad that solves existing structure is big, be not suitable for the urban road, the three-layered complete interchange intersection system that a kind of floor space is little, be fit to the crossroad of urban road is provided.
Another object of the present invention is for the problem of the existing head end operation difficulty of overpass bridge system of the crossroad that solves existing structure, and a kind of multilevel intersection system that makes things convenient for the crossroad that vehicle turns around is provided.
To achieve these goals, the present invention is by the following technical solutions: a kind of three-layered complete interchange intersection system of crossroad, the horizontal track and vertical track that comprise right-angled intersection, described horizontal track, vertically the track is being sailed out of near being followed successively by from left to right on the direction of crossroad to turn right in the track, the track is sailed out of in craspedodrome, turn left to sail out of the track, turn left to sail into the track, the track is sailed in craspedodrome into, the track is sailed in right-hand rotation into, right-hand rotation is sailed the right-turn lane of track by arc into and is sailed out of the track and be connected with corresponding the right-hand rotation, sail the track in the craspedodrome of both sides, crossroad on the described horizontal track and sail out of that the craspedodrome viaduct by top layer is connected between the track with keeping straight on, laterally the left-hand rotation on the track is sailed the track into and is sailed out of the track by corresponding left-hand rotation on the first left-hand rotation viaduct in intermediate layer and the vertical track and be connected; Vertically sail the track in the craspedodrome of both sides, crossroad on the track and sail out of with craspedodrome that the vertical direct lane by ground is connected between the track, vertically the left-hand rotation on the track is sailed the track into and is sailed out of the track by corresponding left-hand rotation on the second left-hand rotation viaduct in intermediate layer and the horizontal track and be connected, the left-hand rotation access bridge that sails between track and the second left-hand rotation viaduct by being positioned at below the first left-hand rotation viaduct in the vertical left-hand rotation in track is connected, and is provided with the stereo staggered of passing through for the pedestrian respectively near the place, crossroad and constructs on horizontal track and vertical track.The present invention puts in order similar to existing road traffic system in horizontal track with each track on vertical track, whole system adopts three layers of grade separation structure, laterally the through vehicles in track is current by the craspedodrome viaduct of top layer, vertically the through vehicles in track is then directly current at vertical direct lane of ground one deck, thereby the without hindrance of through vehicles of realizing both direction passes through; Horizontal track of the present invention is current by first, second left-hand rotation viaduct in intermediate layer respectively with the left turning vehicle on vertical track, the trend of its driving path is similar substantially to existing plane traffic system, thereby can make full use of the space of central area, crossroad, help reducing floor space, and make the structure of whole intersection system more compact.For fear of the chiasma interference between first, second left-hand rotation viaduct, the present invention sails in the vertical left-hand rotation in track and is provided with the left-hand rotation access bridge that is positioned at below the first left-hand rotation viaduct between the track and the second left-hand rotation viaduct, the vehicle that turns left at first passes from first left-hand rotation viaduct below through the left-hand rotation access bridge, and then turn left to sail out of the track accordingly on the horizontal track, thereby can realize the without hindrance current of two crisscross left turning vehicles by entering across the vertical second left-hand rotation viaduct of direct lane; Because craspedodrome of the present invention and left turning vehicle can without hindrancely pass through, thereby the vehicle of turning right can be directly current by the right-turn lane of crossroad outermost, can not interfere with the vehicle in other track; Traffic safety in order to ensure the pedestrian, the present invention is provided with the stereo staggered that supplies the pedestrian to pass through respectively near the place, crossroad and constructs on horizontal track and vertical track, described stereo staggered structure can adopt structures such as overpass bridge, tunnel, pedestrian overcrossing, thereby can avoid the chiasma interference of pedestrian and vehicle, real the without hindrance of vehicle of realizing passes through, and ensures pedestrian's current safety.
As preferably, the stereo staggered of being located on vertical track is configured to an overpass bridge group, thereby makes things convenient for the pedestrian current down from bridge; Certainly, above-mentioned stereo staggered structure can also adopt the pedestrian tunnel be located at below vertical track or across the vertical pedestrian overcrossing in track, is guaranteeing that pedestrains safety can reduce the fluctuating in vertical track in current, helps the smooth-ride of vehicle.
As preferably, to be located at stereo staggered on the horizontal track and to be configured to the grade separation access bridge that is inclined upwardly and extends, take advantage of a situation with craspedodrome viaduct, the first left-hand rotation viaduct, the second left-hand rotation viaduct and right-turn lane respectively by the grade separation access bridge and be connected in described horizontal track.Both made things convenient for the pedestrian directly current from the ground of approach viaduct below, can make again the craspedodrome that is positioned at crossroad one side on the horizontal track sail into sail out of the track, turn left to sail into sail out of the track can be after through the grade separation access bridge with the craspedodrome viaduct, left-hand rotation viaduct is smooth is connected swimmingly for first and second, avoid the track too much fluctuating to occur, slow down the gradient in track, help the smooth-ride of vehicle.In addition, the approach viaduct of high unity also helps simplifying the structure in track, and laterally the right-hand rotation on the track is sailed, sailed out of the track into and then can sail out of, sail into the track along slip by right-turn lane and the right-hand rotation on vertical track.
As preferably, vertically two vertical direct lanes in track are the arch of evagination overlooking direction, make it can depart from the intersection central area of crossroad, help first and second left-hand rotation viaduct is arranged side by side, thereby can avoid the overlapped of first and second left-hand rotation viaduct, and then can reduce the height of the craspedodrome viaduct of the first left-hand rotation viaduct and top layer; Similarly, laterally two craspedodrome viaduct in track are the arch of evagination overlooking direction, thus can with the high some dislocation of the central authorities of the first left-hand rotation viaduct, help reducing the height of craspedodrome viaduct.Because the present invention with three layers of intersection system layouts that rationally misplace, makes the height of whole system reduce, and then can shorten the length of both sides access bridge, reduction construction cost, and make it be suitable for the urban road.
As preferably, the left-hand rotation of the same side is sailed the track into, is turned left to sail out of the track the Y shape that is outside bifurcated near the place, crossroad on described horizontal track and the vertical track, and sail the track in left-hand rotation, the crotch that turns left to sail out of the track is provided with the arc that connects two tracks ring road that turns around.Y shape bifurcated configurations helps increasing the turning radius of ring road that turns around, thereby makes the vehicle on horizontal track and the vertical track turn around easily and safely to turn to.
In sum, the present invention has following beneficial effect: (1) adopts the triple-decker structure, realizes that the without hindrance of vehicle and pedestrian passes through; (2) made full use of the space of central area, crossroad, the dislocation of the intersection system of rejoining arranges, makes that whole intersection system height is low, floor space is little, is suitable as the intersection system of crossroad, urban road; (3) ring road that turns around is set, makes things convenient for turning around of vehicle.
Description of drawings
Fig. 1 is a plane structure schematic diagram of the present invention.
The specific embodiment
The present invention will be further described below in conjunction with accompanying drawing.
In the embodiment shown in fig. 1, the three-layered complete interchange intersection system of a kind of crossroad of the present invention, the horizontal track 1 and vertical track 2 that comprise right-angled intersection, described horizontal track 1, vertically track 2 is identical with existing plane traffic system near the road setting on the direction of crossroad, being followed successively by from left to right turns right sails out of track 4, keep straight on sail out of track 8, turn left to sail out of track 6, turn left to sail into track 5, keep straight on sail track 7 into, track 3 is sailed in right-hand rotation into.Vertically track 2 is being provided with the stereo staggered structure 13 that passes through for the pedestrian near the place, crossroad, this stereo staggered structure 13 is overpass bridge groups, vertically the vehicle in all tracks all travels by above-mentioned overpass bridge group on the track 1, the height of overpass bridge group is 2.5 meters, so that the pedestrian is current below the overpass bridge group.Certainly, be located at that stereo staggered structure 13 on vertical track 2 also can adopt the pedestrian tunnel that crosses vertical track 2 or across the vertical pedestrian overcrossing in track 2, adopt pedestrian tunnel or pedestrian overcrossing both can realize that people's car separated to guarantee pedestrian's current safety, simultaneously can reduce the fluctuating in vertical track 2, help the smooth-ride of vehicle.Vertically sailing track 7 in the craspedodrome of both sides, crossroad on the track 2 sails out of between the track 8 with craspedodrome and is connected by a vertical direct lane 16 of being located at ground respectively; Laterally sailing the craspedodrome viaduct 9 that track 7 and craspedodrome sail out of between the track 8 then respectively by a top layer in the craspedodrome of both sides, crossroad on the track 1 is connected.Similarly, laterally also be provided with the stereo staggered structure 13 that passes through for the pedestrian near the place, crossroad on the track 1, this stereo staggered structure 13 is the grade separation access bridges that are inclined upwardly and extend, the below of grade separation access bridge can be used for the current of pedestrian, laterally the craspedodrome on the track 1 sail into track 7 and craspedodrome sail out of track 8 through the transition of grade separation access bridge after with craspedodrome viaduct 9 smooth connection of taking advantage of a situation, laterally track 3 is sailed in the right-hand rotation on the track 1 into, right-hand rotation is sailed out of track 4 and is sailed out of track 4 by corresponding right-hand rotation the on the overpass bridge group in the right-turn lane 15 of an arc and vertical track 2 after through the transition of grade separation access bridge, track 3 smooth connection of taking advantage of a situation is sailed in right-hand rotation into.Laterally the left-hand rotation on the track 1 is sailed track 5 into and is sailed out of track 6 by corresponding left-hand rotation on the first left-hand rotation viaduct 10 in intermediate layer and the vertical track 2 and be connected, the height of the first left-hand rotation viaduct 10 is 5 meters, to guarantee that vehicle has enough headrooms on the bottom track, and the highest point of grade separation access bridge is similarly 5 meters, like this, laterally the left-hand rotation on the track 1 sail track 5 into can equal altitudes ground be smooth-going is connected with the first left-hand rotation viaduct 10 after through the transition of grade separation access bridge, thereby make the more steady and smooth of travelling of left turning vehicle, the oil consumption that helps improving the travel speed of vehicle and reduce vehicle.In addition, vertically the left-hand rotation on the track 2 is sailed on the second left-hand rotation viaduct 11 of track 5 by being arranged at the intermediate layer equally and the horizontal track 1 corresponding left-hand rotation into and is sailed out of track 6 and be connected, and sail leading portion setting that track 5 links to each other in the second left-hand rotation viaduct 11 and the left-hand rotation in vertical track 2 and be positioned at left-hand rotation access bridge 12 below the first left-hand rotation viaduct 10, thereby the second left-hand rotation viaduct 11 can be arranged side by side with the first left-hand rotation viaduct 10, to avoid the chiasma interference between the second left-hand rotation viaduct 11 and the first left-hand rotation viaduct 10, the height of the second left-hand rotation viaduct 11 is similarly 5 meters, make its after across the vertical direct lane 16 on the vertical track 2 can with the grade separation access bridge in horizontal track 1 on turn left to sail out of track 6 equal altitudes ground be smooth-going to be connected accordingly.Further, two vertical direct lanes 16 that vertically are positioned at the right-angled intersection zone on the track 2 are the arch of evagination, thereby can avoid and the left-hand rotation access bridge 12 of the second left-hand rotation viaduct, 11 leading portions between chiasma interference, make left-hand rotation access bridge 12 directly be located at ground floor, help reducing the number of plies and the height of whole intersection system; Similar ground, laterally two craspedodrome viaduct 9 on the track 1 are the arch of evagination equally overlooking direction, thereby can misplace with the high point of the central authorities of the first left-hand rotation viaduct 10, help reducing the height of craspedodrome viaduct 9, to reduce construction cost, specifically the height of craspedodrome viaduct 9 can be arranged on 7.5 meters, and then can shorten the length of both sides grade separation access bridge.For make things convenient for vehicle turn around turn to, be positioned at the horizontal track 1 of the same side, crossroad and sail track 5 into, turn left to sail out of track 6, and sail track 5 in left-hand rotation, turn left to sail out of arc that the crotch setting in track 6 is connected with two tracks ring road 14 that turns around the Y shape that is outside bifurcated near the place, crossroad with the left-hand rotation on the vertical track 2.Because the left-hand rotation of crotch sails track 5 into, it is spaced apart to turn left to sail out of between the track 6, and it is highly consistent, therefore can with turn around 14 smooth connections of ring road, help improving the turn around cruising characteristic and the safety of vehicle.
Do an explanation with regard to the travel route of vehicle on each track below:
1. laterally the through vehicles in track 1 is finished without hindrance current by craspedodrome viaduct 9; Vertically the through vehicles in track 2 is then finished without hindrance current by being located at vertical direct lane 16 that ground and evagination be arch.
2. the left turning vehicle on the horizontal track 1 is realized without hindrance current by the first left-hand rotation viaduct 10; Vertically the left turning vehicle on the track 2 is introduced into left-hand rotation access bridge 12, and finishes without hindrance current after passing through from the first left-hand rotation viaduct, 10 belows again by the second left-hand rotation viaduct 11.
Laterally track 1 can be current via right-turn lane with the right-hand rotation vehicle on vertical track 2; The vehicle that need turn around then can turn around easily to commutate by the ring road 14 that turns around.

Claims (7)

1. the three-layered complete interchange intersection system of a crossroad, the horizontal track and vertical track that comprise right-angled intersection, described horizontal track, vertically the track is being sailed out of near being followed successively by from left to right on the direction of crossroad to turn right in the track, the track is sailed out of in craspedodrome, turn left to sail out of the track, turn left to sail into the track, the track is sailed in craspedodrome into, the track is sailed in right-hand rotation into, right-hand rotation is sailed the right-turn lane of track by arc into and is sailed out of the track and be connected with corresponding the right-hand rotation, it is characterized in that, the craspedodrome that is positioned at the both sides, crossroad on the described horizontal track (1) is sailed track (7) into and is sailed out of with craspedodrome that the craspedodrome viaduct (9) by top layer is connected between the track (8), and laterally the left-hand rotation on the track (1) is sailed track (5) into and gone up left-hand rotation accordingly by the first left-hand rotation viaduct (10) in intermediate layer and vertical track (2) and sail out of track (6) and be connected; The craspedodrome that vertically is positioned at the both sides, crossroad on the track (2) is sailed track (7) into and is sailed out of with craspedodrome that the vertical direct lane (16) by ground is connected between the track (8), vertically the left-hand rotation on the track (2) is sailed track (5) into and is gone up left-hand rotation accordingly by the second left-hand rotation viaduct (11) in intermediate layer and horizontal track (1) and sail out of track (6) and be connected, between track (5) and the second left-hand rotation viaduct (11) are sailed in the vertical left-hand rotation in track (2) into, be connected, go up in horizontal track (1) and vertical track (2) and be provided with the stereo staggered of passing through respectively near the place, crossroad and construct (13) for the pedestrian by the left-hand rotation access bridge (12) that is positioned at the first left-hand rotation viaduct (10) below.
2. the three-layered complete interchange intersection system of crossroad according to claim 1 is characterized in that, the stereo staggered structure of being located on vertical track (2) (13) is an overpass bridge group.
3. the three-layered complete interchange intersection system of crossroad according to claim 1 is characterized in that, is located at stereo staggered structure (13) on vertical track (2) for being located at horizontal pedestrian tunnel below vertical track (2).
4. the three-layered complete interchange intersection system of crossroad according to claim 1 is characterized in that, the stereo staggered structure of being located on vertical track (2) (13) is to be located at horizontal pedestrian overcrossing above vertical track (2).
5. the three-layered complete interchange intersection system of crossroad according to claim 1, it is characterized in that, being located at the grade separation access bridge of stereo staggered structure (13) for being inclined upwardly and extending on the horizontal track (1), takes advantage of a situation with craspedodrome viaduct (9), the first left-hand rotation viaduct (10), the second left-hand rotation viaduct (11) and right-turn lane (15) respectively by the grade separation access bridge and is connected in described horizontal track (1).
6. according to the three-layered complete interchange intersection system of claim 1 or 2 or 3 or 4 or 5 described crossroads, it is characterized in that, laterally two craspedodrome viaduct (9) in track (1) and vertically two vertical direct lanes (16) in track (2) be the arch of evagination overlooking direction.
7. the three-layered complete interchange intersection system of crossroad according to claim 6, it is characterized in that, described horizontal track (1) is sailed track (5) into, is turned left to sail out of track (6) the Y shape that is outside bifurcated near the place, crossroad with the left-hand rotation that the same side is gone up in vertical track (2), and sail track (5) in left-hand rotation, the crotch that turns left to sail out of track (6) is provided with the arc that connects two tracks ring road (14) that turns around.
CN201010003717A 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 Three-layered complete interchange system at crossroad Pending CN101792993A (en)

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Cited By (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104727198A (en) * 2015-03-27 2015-06-24 杜洪发 Urban expressway
CN106758613A (en) * 2017-01-13 2017-05-31 张文泉 The circulating type viaduct of multilayer half
CN107130488A (en) * 2017-06-08 2017-09-05 李益安 Three layers of crossroad viaduct
CN107151955A (en) * 2017-07-11 2017-09-12 彭学祥 The intersecting traffic system in crossroad zero
CN110593032A (en) * 2019-08-08 2019-12-20 珠海市规划设计研究院 Buried type full-interchange overpass
CN113174792A (en) * 2021-05-10 2021-07-27 李益安 Three-layer overpass without ramp on two bridge surfaces at crossroad

Cited By (8)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104727198A (en) * 2015-03-27 2015-06-24 杜洪发 Urban expressway
CN106758613A (en) * 2017-01-13 2017-05-31 张文泉 The circulating type viaduct of multilayer half
CN107130488A (en) * 2017-06-08 2017-09-05 李益安 Three layers of crossroad viaduct
CN107130488B (en) * 2017-06-08 2019-11-08 李益安 Three layers of crossroad viaduct
CN107151955A (en) * 2017-07-11 2017-09-12 彭学祥 The intersecting traffic system in crossroad zero
CN110593032A (en) * 2019-08-08 2019-12-20 珠海市规划设计研究院 Buried type full-interchange overpass
CN110593032B (en) * 2019-08-08 2021-10-22 珠海市规划设计研究院 Buried type full-interchange overpass
CN113174792A (en) * 2021-05-10 2021-07-27 李益安 Three-layer overpass without ramp on two bridge surfaces at crossroad

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