CN201634979U - Multilevel intersection system of crossroad - Google Patents

Multilevel intersection system of crossroad Download PDF

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Publication number
CN201634979U
CN201634979U CN2009203192525U CN200920319252U CN201634979U CN 201634979 U CN201634979 U CN 201634979U CN 2009203192525 U CN2009203192525 U CN 2009203192525U CN 200920319252 U CN200920319252 U CN 200920319252U CN 201634979 U CN201634979 U CN 201634979U
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China
Prior art keywords
track
lane
crossroad
turning
turn
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Expired - Fee Related
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CN2009203192525U
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Chinese (zh)
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余宾来
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余宾来
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Abstract

The utility model relates to a multilevel intersection system of a crossroad, comprising a transverse lane, a longitudinal lane and sidewalks at two sides of the lanes, wherein the transverse lane and the longitudinal lane are respectively provided with a right turning leaving-off lane, a left turning leaving-off lane, a through lane, a left turning entry lane and a right turning entry lane; the through lane on the longitudinal lane is connected by a tunnel, and the through lane on the transverse lane is connected by a top-layer high level bridge; a turning platform of a middle layer is also arranged between the high level bridge and the ground; the turning lanes on the transverse lane and the longitudinal lane are respectively connected by a lead bridge and the turning platform; and two sides of the transverse lane and the longitudinal lane, close to the turning platform, are respectively provided with turn-round ramps of the left turning entry lane and the right turning entry lane. The multilevel intersection system can realize continuous passing of vehicles and complete separation of pedestrians and vehicles, has little occupied area and is suitable for being used as an intersection system of the existing cross road of an urban road.

Description

The multilevel intersection system of crossroad
Technical field
The utility model relates to a kind of grade separation structure of road, especially relates to a kind of graded crossing road system of crossroad.
Background technology
Along with the fast development of economic construction and improving constantly of living standards of the people, the recoverable amount of automobile is increasing sharply, thereby make road become crowded, especially at the parting of the ways such intersection, because common plane traffic system must have the vehicle in a track to stop under the control of traffic lights and dodge, make blocking up of vehicle even more serious.In order to solve the problem of blocking up of crossroad, and then the road speed of raising system-wide section, people have found out the different kinds of roads structure, make every effort to solve between two different directions vehicles of right-angled intersection and the cross-cutting issue between vehicle and the pedestrian, common rotating table system that plane structure is arranged and clover leaf overpass bridge system.Though rotating table system can be avoided two intersection-type collisions between the crisscross vehicle, but there are a plurality of joints,, make the travel speed of vehicle be difficult to significantly improve in the necessary Reduced Speed Now of joint place vehicle, simultaneously, also can't solve the cross-cutting issue of sidewalk and vehicle.Though and existing overpass bridge system can solve the chiasma interference problem of vehicle, there are complex structure, floor space is big and vehicle can not turn around problem usually.For example, a kind of disclosed on Chinese patent literature " crossed gallop bridge ", its publication number is CN 1373256A, opposite with the direction respectively major trunk roads in two ends of the backbone bridges of the upper and lower two-layer intersection of this overpass bridge join, backbone bridges is provided with four curve slope bridges that are connected upper and lower two-layer backbone bridges with the major trunk roads joint, and the track of backbone bridges and curve slope bridge is two-way lane.Above-mentioned crossed gallop bridge can be realized the without hindrance current of vertical track and horizontal track vehicle, but owing to be connected by four curve slope bridges between the longitudinal and transverse track, therefore the floor space of its whole system is bigger, not too is fit to general city proper road.In addition, such scheme does not have special-purpose People's Bank of China's (bicycle) passage yet, thereby can't realize that people's car of crossroad separates yet, and simultaneously, it also can't solve the problem that turns around of vehicle.
The utility model content
The purpose of this utility model is a problem big for the existing floor space of overpass bridge system of the crossroad that solves existing structure, that be not suitable for existing urban road, and the multilevel intersection system that a kind of floor space is little, be fit to the crossroad of existing urban road is provided.
The problem that realizes that people's car separates can't be reversed end for end, be difficult to another purpose of the present utility model for the existing vehicle of overpass bridge system of the crossroad that solves existing structure, provides a kind of people's of realization car to separate fully and the multilevel intersection system of the crossroad that vehicle can turn around.
To achieve these goals, the utility model is by the following technical solutions: a kind of multilevel intersection system of crossroad, comprise horizontal track, vertical track and the sidewalk of being located at both sides, above-mentioned track, described horizontal track, vertically the track is being sailed out of near being followed successively by from left to right on the direction of crossroad to turn right in the track, turn left to sail out of the track, direct lane, turn left to sail into the track, the track is sailed in right-hand rotation into, the direct lane that is positioned at the both sides, crossroad on described vertical track is connected by a tunnel, the direct lane that laterally is positioned at the both sides, crossroad on the track is connected by the viaduct of access bridge with a top layer respectively, also be provided with the turning platform in an intermediate layer between viaduct and ground, described horizontal track is connected with the turning platform by access bridge respectively with turning roadway on the vertical track.Direct lane on horizontal track of the present utility model and the vertical track is realized without hindrance current respectively by enclosed viaduct and tunnel, thereby has improved the traffic capacity and the road speed of crossroad to greatest extent.In order to solve the chiasma interference problem of pedestrian and vehicle, the utility model also is provided with the turning platform in intermediate layer between the viaduct of top layer and ground, to be used to connect the left-hand rotation on horizontal track and the vertical track, right-turn lane, above-mentioned turning platform is used for horizontal track and vertically turns right on the track, turn left, the current of vehicle turns around, its current mode is identical with the current mode of general crossroad, ground, thereby can realize directly turning around of vehicle, and its floor space is exactly the juxtaposition part in horizontal track and vertical track substantially, similar to common crossroad, thereby be applicable to crossroad intersection system as the urban road; In addition, for avoiding vertical track and the laterally mutual chiasma interference of track left turning vehicle, the left-hand rotation traffic lights can be set, on the turning platform with travelling of control left turning vehicle.Ground space below the above-mentioned turning platform can be used for the current of pedestrian or bicycle, accomplishes that really people's car separates, and guarantees pedestrian's safety.
As preferably, described turning platform is a built on stilts annular traffic cycle.Adopt annular traffic cycle structure, can save the traffic lights that are used to control left turning vehicle, and can realize the current continuously of left turning vehicle, improve the passage rate of left turning vehicle.
As preferably, described horizontal track, vertically the track is respectively equipped with in the both sides near the turning platform and connects to turn left to sail into the ring road that turns around that the track is sailed out of in track and left-hand rotation.Laterally the ring road that turns around on the track is located at the access bridge below that links to each other with viaduct, ring road directly turns around by turning around, can reduce the vehicle pass-through quantity on the turning platform, thereby help reducing area requirements, make the structure of whole intersection system more compact the turning platform; In addition, be separated with direct lane owing to turn left to sail into track and left-hand rotation in the middle of sailing out of the track, thereby the ring road that can guarantee to turn around there are enough turning radius.
As preferably, the ground below the described turning platform is provided with annular rotary table, and laterally the sidewalk of both direction is connected with annular rotary table respectively on track and the vertical track.The sidewalk connects by annular rotary table, can realize the current in order of pedestrian and non motorized vehicle, saves to be used to control the current traffic lights of pedestrian and non motorized vehicle, improves its passage rate.
In sum, the utlity model has following beneficial effect: (1) adopts the multi-level junction structure, realizes passing through continuously of vehicle and separating fully of people's car.(2) floor space of intersection system is little, is suitable as the intersection system of existing crossroad, urban road.
Description of drawings
Fig. 1 is a perspective view of the present utility model;
Fig. 2 is a plan structure schematic diagram of the present utility model.
The specific embodiment
Below in conjunction with accompanying drawing the utility model is further described.
In Fig. 1, embodiment shown in Figure 2, the multilevel intersection system of a kind of crossroad of the present utility model, comprise horizontal track 1, vertical track 2 and the sidewalk 3 of being located at both sides, above-mentioned track, laterally the track setting on track 1 and the vertical track 2 is provided with different with the track of existing crossroad, being followed successively by from left to right on the close direction of crossroad turns right sails out of track 4, left-hand rotation is sailed out of track 6, direct lane 8, turns left to sail into track 7, turned right and sail track 5 into, and wherein direct lane 8 comprises that the track is sailed out of in craspedodrome and the track is sailed in craspedodrome into.For making things convenient for the current of pedestrian and non motorized vehicle, sidewalk 3 is connected with an annular rotary table 13 of being located at ground, crossroad; Subterranean layer is a tunnel 9 longitudinally below annular rotary table 13, and the direct lane 8 that vertically is positioned at the both sides, crossroad on the track 2 is connected with tunnel 9 by a downward slope respectively; And the second layer above the annular rotary table 13 is a built on stilts turning platform 11, turning platform 11 is an annular traffic cycle structure, its structure is identical with common ground annular rotary table with the mode of passing through, laterally track 1 with vertically turn left to sail into track 7 on the track 2, turn left to sail out of track 6, turn right sail track 5 into, right-hand rotation is sailed out of track 4 and is connected with annular traffic cycle by the access bridge that makes progress respectively; Further, also be provided with the 3rd layer viaduct 10 on turning platform 11, the direct lane 8 that laterally is positioned at the both sides, crossroad on the track 1 is connected with viaduct 10 by the access bridge that makes progress respectively; In addition, for make things convenient for vehicle turn around turn to, in horizontal track 1 with vertically be respectively equipped with near the both sides of turning platform 11 on the track 2 and be connected left-hand rotation and sail the ring road 12 that turns around that the arc in track 6 is sailed out of in track 7, left-hand rotation into, turn around ring road 12 as far as possible near turning platform 11, the ring road 12 that turns around on the horizontal track 1 is positioned at below the transition region of viaduct 10 and access bridge, thereby guarantee its ring road 12 right enough ride heights that turn around, and vertically turn around ring road 12 the time on the track 2 near turning platform 11, then can guarantee the headroom of its below direct lane.
Travel route with regard to each track of the utility model is described in detail below.
Laterally the pedestrian and non motorized vehicle on the sidewalk 3 of track 1 and vertical 2 both sides, track can be finished the current of directions such as right-hand bend, craspedodrome, left-hand bend by the annular rotary table 13 on ground respectively successively.
Vertically the through vehicles of both direction can without hindrancely pass through by tunnel 9 on the track 2, and laterally the through vehicles of both direction can without hindrancely pass through by viaduct 10 on the track 1.
Laterally track 1 and vertically the right-hand rotation vehicle on the track 2 can directly sail track 5 into by annular traffic cycle and enter, sail out of track 4 from corresponding right-hand rotation and leave from right-hand rotation, finish without hindrance current; Laterally the vehicle that turns left on the track 1 then can sail track 7 into from the left-hand rotation on the horizontal track 1 and enters, by behind the annular track on the annular traffic cycle from vertical track 2 corresponding turn left to sail out of track 6 leave.Similarly, vertically the left turning vehicle on the track 2 sails track 7 into from the left-hand rotation on vertical track 2 and enters, by behind the annular track on the annular traffic cycle from the horizontal track 1 corresponding turn left to sail out of track 6 leave.
Certainly, turning platform 11 is common truss frame platform also, corresponding left-hand rotation traffic lights are set on turning platform 11 simultaneously, and the left turning vehicle on horizontal track 1 and the vertical track 2 passes through according to the common route or travel by vehicle and the rule of travelling under the control of traffic lights.

Claims (5)

1. the multilevel intersection system of a crossroad, comprise horizontal track, vertical track and the sidewalk of being located at both sides, above-mentioned track, it is characterized in that, described horizontal track, vertically the track is being sailed out of near being followed successively by from left to right on the direction of crossroad to turn right in the track, turn left to sail out of the track, direct lane, turn left to sail into the track, the track is sailed in right-hand rotation into, the direct lane (8) that is positioned at the both sides, crossroad on described vertical track (2) is connected by a tunnel (9), the direct lane (8) that laterally is positioned at the both sides, crossroad on the track (1) is connected with the viaduct (10) of a top layer by access bridge respectively, also be provided with the turning platform (11) in an intermediate layer between viaduct (10) and ground, described horizontal track (1) is connected with turning platform (11) by access bridge respectively with turning roadway on the vertical track (2).
2. the multilevel intersection system of crossroad according to claim 1 is characterized in that, described turning platform (11) is a built on stilts annular traffic cycle.
3. the multilevel intersection system of crossroad according to claim 1 and 2, it is characterized in that described horizontal track (1), vertically track (2) is respectively equipped with in the both sides near turning platform (11) and connects to turn left to sail into the ring road that turns around (12) that track (6) is sailed out of in track (7) and left-hand rotation.
4. the multilevel intersection system of crossroad according to claim 1 and 2, it is characterized in that, ground below the described turning platform (11) is provided with annular rotary table (13), and laterally track (1) is connected with annular rotary table (13) respectively with the sidewalk (3) that both direction is gone up in vertical track (2).
5. the multilevel intersection system of its crossroad according to claim 3, feature is, ground below the turning platform (11) is provided with annular rotary table (13), and laterally track (1) is connected with annular rotary table (13) respectively with the sidewalk (3) that both direction is gone up in vertical track (2).
CN2009203192525U 2009-12-31 2009-12-31 Multilevel intersection system of crossroad Expired - Fee Related CN201634979U (en)

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Cited By (20)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102277806A (en) * 2011-05-04 2011-12-14 刘跃平 Shift-type interchange for all-time omnidirectional traffic at intersection of roads
CN102605692A (en) * 2012-03-14 2012-07-25 贾德玉 Unobstructed flyover
CN102605693A (en) * 2011-12-22 2012-07-25 贾德玉 Unobstructed flyover
CN102660914A (en) * 2012-05-18 2012-09-12 赵鹏 Crossroad barrier-free all-direction combined type transportation junction
CN102733279A (en) * 2012-07-18 2012-10-17 李力 Comprehensive transportation hub applied to crossroad
CN102747658A (en) * 2012-06-26 2012-10-24 赵树峰 Trunk road L-shaped crankle and branch road connection combined barrier-free all-round transportation hub
WO2012149881A1 (en) * 2011-05-04 2012-11-08 Liu Yueping Bird's nest-type, intersectional overpass for uninterrupted and omnidirectional traffic flow
CN102864708A (en) * 2012-09-16 2013-01-09 王建友 Cross road
CN103711052A (en) * 2012-10-08 2014-04-09 黎香贵 City expressway
CN103898820A (en) * 2012-12-26 2014-07-02 北京大学 Quasi rail transit road system
CN103981781A (en) * 2014-05-21 2014-08-13 游自强 Bridge with three tunnels and two bends
CN105019325A (en) * 2015-06-09 2015-11-04 高正强 Three-dimensional traffic system capable of solving problem of traffic jams at city crossroads
CN105648864A (en) * 2016-03-21 2016-06-08 吕雅南 Cross ring-type full-function interchange
CN106192642A (en) * 2016-07-12 2016-12-07 吕雅南 A kind of multi-functional cross overpass
CN106223149A (en) * 2016-08-19 2016-12-14 程大威 Viaduct is vertically changed in a kind of crossroad
CN106256958A (en) * 2016-06-24 2016-12-28 肖云山 A kind of traffic system not stopped by crossroad
CN106555369A (en) * 2017-01-24 2017-04-05 张文泉 Multilamellar cross-line adds rotary island formula viaduct
CN107974885A (en) * 2016-10-25 2018-05-01 吴钦凡 A kind of road synthetic type crossings on different level
CN110158382A (en) * 2019-07-04 2019-08-23 王志明 People's vehicle separate type bilayer island overpass
CN111648181A (en) * 2020-06-11 2020-09-11 刘林春 High-low overpass without occupying area and completely solving intersection congestion without signal lamp

Cited By (26)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102277806A (en) * 2011-05-04 2011-12-14 刘跃平 Shift-type interchange for all-time omnidirectional traffic at intersection of roads
CN102277806B (en) * 2011-05-04 2014-03-12 刘跃平 Shift-type interchange for all-time omnidirectional traffic at intersection of roads
WO2012149881A1 (en) * 2011-05-04 2012-11-08 Liu Yueping Bird's nest-type, intersectional overpass for uninterrupted and omnidirectional traffic flow
CN102605693B (en) * 2011-12-22 2015-02-25 贾德玉 Unobstructed flyover
CN102605693A (en) * 2011-12-22 2012-07-25 贾德玉 Unobstructed flyover
CN102605692B (en) * 2012-03-14 2015-02-25 贾德玉 Unobstructed flyover
CN102605692A (en) * 2012-03-14 2012-07-25 贾德玉 Unobstructed flyover
WO2013170634A1 (en) * 2012-05-18 2013-11-21 Zhao Shufeng Crossroad pedestrian and vehicle accessible bridge-and-tunnel-combined interchange
CN102660914A (en) * 2012-05-18 2012-09-12 赵鹏 Crossroad barrier-free all-direction combined type transportation junction
CN102747658A (en) * 2012-06-26 2012-10-24 赵树峰 Trunk road L-shaped crankle and branch road connection combined barrier-free all-round transportation hub
CN102747658B (en) * 2012-06-26 2014-10-22 赵树峰 Trunk road L-shaped crankle and branch road connection combined barrier-free all-round transportation hub
CN102733279B (en) * 2012-07-18 2016-02-24 李力 Be applied in crossroad comprehensive transportation hub
CN102733279A (en) * 2012-07-18 2012-10-17 李力 Comprehensive transportation hub applied to crossroad
CN102864708A (en) * 2012-09-16 2013-01-09 王建友 Cross road
CN103711052A (en) * 2012-10-08 2014-04-09 黎香贵 City expressway
CN103898820A (en) * 2012-12-26 2014-07-02 北京大学 Quasi rail transit road system
CN103981781A (en) * 2014-05-21 2014-08-13 游自强 Bridge with three tunnels and two bends
CN105019325A (en) * 2015-06-09 2015-11-04 高正强 Three-dimensional traffic system capable of solving problem of traffic jams at city crossroads
CN105648864A (en) * 2016-03-21 2016-06-08 吕雅南 Cross ring-type full-function interchange
CN106256958A (en) * 2016-06-24 2016-12-28 肖云山 A kind of traffic system not stopped by crossroad
CN106192642A (en) * 2016-07-12 2016-12-07 吕雅南 A kind of multi-functional cross overpass
CN106223149A (en) * 2016-08-19 2016-12-14 程大威 Viaduct is vertically changed in a kind of crossroad
CN107974885A (en) * 2016-10-25 2018-05-01 吴钦凡 A kind of road synthetic type crossings on different level
CN106555369A (en) * 2017-01-24 2017-04-05 张文泉 Multilamellar cross-line adds rotary island formula viaduct
CN110158382A (en) * 2019-07-04 2019-08-23 王志明 People's vehicle separate type bilayer island overpass
CN111648181A (en) * 2020-06-11 2020-09-11 刘林春 High-low overpass without occupying area and completely solving intersection congestion without signal lamp

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Granted publication date: 20101117

Termination date: 20121231

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