CN102277806B - Shift-type interchange for all-time omnidirectional traffic at intersection of roads - Google Patents

Shift-type interchange for all-time omnidirectional traffic at intersection of roads Download PDF

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CN102277806B
CN102277806B CN201110113765.2A CN201110113765A CN102277806B CN 102277806 B CN102277806 B CN 102277806B CN 201110113765 A CN201110113765 A CN 201110113765A CN 102277806 B CN102277806 B CN 102277806B
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motorway
track
bridge
auxiliary
motor vehicle
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CN102277806A (en
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刘跃平
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刘跃平
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Abstract

The invention discloses a shift-type interchange for all-time omnidirectional traffic at the intersection of roads. The interchange comprises a first motor way and a second motor way, which intersect with each other. Motor vehicle auxiliary bridges crossing the second motor way are arranged over the second motor way on the two sides of the first motor way, respectively; and the up approach bridge of each motor vehicle auxiliary bridge is connected to the forward running lane of the second motor way, while the down approach bridge of the same is connected to the reverse running lane of the second motor way. Compared with the prior art, the shift-type interchange disclosed by the invention has the advantages of convenience, efficiency and low cost; and the interchange fundamentally solves the problem of traffic jam and brings about great social and economic benefits for the sustainable development of the society.

Description

The shift-type interchange overpass that road cross all the period of time omnirange is current
Technical field
The invention belongs to technical field of road flyovers, relate in particular to a kind of can easily solving road crossroad, T-shaped road junction, crossing, tunnel crowded and the current shift-type interchange overpass of road cross all the period of time omnirange that stops up.
Background technology
Current mankind social city process is just in fast development, and rhythm of life is also more and more faster, and people have to take a bus instead of walking to improve speed and the efficiency of working.Make like this automobile quantity be explosive growth, the sharply increase of automobile causes the unprecedented saturability of road to block up.Bring the strike that is difficult to bear to various places sustainable development.More seriously, emergency relief and rescue cannot be arrived in real time.Three or four line cities are like this, and a tier 2 cities is just more serious.That what reason causes quagmire like this? reason mainly still stops and opens to have produced blocking-up at the traffic lights of road cross.Vehicle brake slows down, and stop and then start to walk to produce can delay effect, and this effect while also can bring environmental issue.According to statistics, better road, Vehicle Driving Cycle is also difficult to reach 25% at its crossing percent of pass.If one road has 2 above identical crossings, effect that can delay effect will double, and to road traffic, bring serious pressure.Although, has at present many cities to set up the overpass bridge of many multimodal samples, or only solved the unimpeded problem of road part, or in suburb, taking a large amount of soils solves unimpeded problem.Do not have fine solution to solve road congestion problem by taking a large amount of soils yet.Particularly to take a large amount of soils be impracticable in urban road crossing, and risk is very large.
Each city automobile quantity, also in constantly anxious increasing, will be that road blocks up more as can not be effectively solved at present, and road traffic can't bear to bear a heavy burden, and sustainable development will be difficult to the imagination.It is quite urgent that various places solve the problem of blocking up, but have and can not effectively solve by prior art and method, the thinking of can only constantly bringing forth new ideas, and by new technology, the above-mentioned problem of blocking up of solution that new method could be real-time.
Summary of the invention
The present invention seeks to the defect and the deficiency that in order to overcome prior art, exist, a kind of low cost is provided, without another land occupation, take leave of traffic lights, can significantly improve road speed and efficiency, effectively the current shift-type interchange overpass of road cross all the period of time omnirange of solving road crossroad, T-shaped road junction, the crowded situation in crossing, tunnel; Can solve especially easily existing single bridge, crossroad and crossing, tunnel can not the current problem of all the period of time omnirange, and for each department sustainable development, create a favorable environment, and construction cost is low.
The present invention is achieved in that the shift-type interchange overpass that road cross all the period of time omnirange is current, comprise the first motorway and the second motorway that mutually intersect, each motorway comprises some forward travel track and some reverse drivings track, wherein the second motorway all has forward travel track for keeping straight on, on described second motorway of described the first motorway both sides, be respectively equipped with the auxiliary bridge of the first motor vehicle and the auxiliary bridge of the second motor vehicle across the second motorway, the up access bridge of the auxiliary bridge of described the first motor vehicle is connected with the specific forward travel track of described the second motorway, the descending access bridge of the auxiliary bridge of described the first motor vehicle is connected with the specific reverse driving track of described the second motorway, the up access bridge of the auxiliary bridge of described the second motor vehicle is connected with the described specific reverse driving track of described the second motorway, and the descending access bridge of the auxiliary bridge of described the second motor vehicle is connected with the described specific forward travel track of described the second motorway, the forward travel track of described the first motorway is provided with up right-hand bend auxiliary maneuvering track, this right-hand bend auxiliary maneuvering track connects the described specific forward travel track of described the second motorway, to be connected with the up access bridge of the auxiliary bridge of described the first motor vehicle, the descending access bridge of the auxiliary bridge of described the second motor vehicle, described specific forward travel track through described the second motorway, with be connected in this specific forward travel track, the descending right-hand bend auxiliary maneuvering track arranging on the reverse driving track of described the first motorway connects.
According to first embodiment of the invention, disclose, the reverse driving track of described the second motorway is all limited as direct lane except the track being connected with the auxiliary bridge of the second motor vehicle with the auxiliary bridge of described the first motor vehicle.According to the present invention, second, third embodiment discloses, the reverse driving track of described the first motorway is provided with up right-hand bend auxiliary maneuvering track, this right-hand bend auxiliary maneuvering track connects the described specific reverse driving track of described the second motorway, to be connected with the up access bridge of the auxiliary bridge of described the second motor vehicle; The descending access bridge of the auxiliary bridge of described the first motor vehicle, described specific reverse driving track through described the second motorway, with be connected in this specific reverse driving track, the descending right-hand bend auxiliary maneuvering track arranging on the forward travel track of described the first motorway connects.In second and third embodiment:
Described the first motorway is provided with the straight-through track of leap second motorway, make first lane through vehicles directly enter straight-through track without slow down and pause pass through fast the second motorway.
Described straight-through track is cross over the straight-through bridge on described the second motorway or pass through the straight-through tunnel below described the second motorway.
Described the first motorway is provided with tune track under straight-through bridge or on straight-through tunnel, so that reverse end for end with the vehicle of the first motorway.
The forward travel track of described the first motorway is provided with the lane auxiliary for reversing end for end and turning right that upwards the described up right-hand bend auxiliary maneuvering track of setting is connected with the party; The reverse driving track of described the first motorway is provided with the lane auxiliary for reversing end for end and turning right that upwards the described up right-hand bend auxiliary maneuvering track of setting is connected with the party.
Compared with prior art, advantage of the present invention is: feature of the present invention is convenient, efficient, and low cost fundamentally solves the problem of blocking up, and to social sustainable development, brings great society and economic benefit.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is that shift-type interchange overpass that road cross all the period of time omnirange of the present invention is current is at the top view in T-shaped road junction;
Fig. 2 is that shift-type interchange overpass that road cross all the period of time omnirange of the present invention is current is at the top view of intersection;
Fig. 3 is the partial top view in intersection removal bridge of the shift-type interchange overpass that road cross all the period of time omnirange of the present invention is current;
Fig. 4 is that the shift-type interchange overpass that road cross all the period of time omnirange of the present invention is current arranges the top view in tunnel in intersection.
The specific embodiment
Below in conjunction with specific embodiment, the current shift-type interchange overpass of road cross of the present invention all the period of time omnirange is described in detail.
Embodiment 1
Referring to Fig. 1, for the application of the current shift-type interchange overpass of road cross of the present invention all the period of time omnirange on T-shaped road junction, can realize without parking waiting traffic lights, realize fast vehicle and turn right, turn left and tune function, effectively raise road efficiency.
The shift-type interchange overpass that road cross all the period of time omnirange is current, comprise the first motorway A and the second motorway B that mutually intersect, the first motorway A is to mainly having left-hand bend, turn right and reverse end for end three kinds of driving paths with the second motorway B intersection, and the second motorway B mainly exists left-hands bend, right-hand bend, reverses end for end and the four kinds of paths of driving a vehicle of keeping straight on fast.The quick craspedodrome of the second motorway B is to be realized by the forward travel track for keeping straight on arranging on it.On the described second motorway B of described the first motorway A both sides, be respectively equipped with the auxiliary bridge 1 of the first motor vehicle and the auxiliary bridge 1 ' of the second motor vehicle across the second motorway B.The up access bridge 21 of the auxiliary bridge 1 of described the first motor vehicle is connected with the forward travel track B1 of described the second motorway B, and the descending access bridge 22 of the auxiliary bridge 1 of described the first motor vehicle is connected with the reverse driving track B2 of described the second motorway B.The up access bridge 21 ' of the auxiliary bridge 1 ' of described the second motor vehicle is connected with the reverse driving track B2 of described the second motorway B, and the descending access bridge 22 ' of the auxiliary bridge 1 ' of described the second motor vehicle is connected with the forward travel track B1 of described the second motorway B.All reverse drivings track on the second motorway B, except wherein one be connected with the auxiliary bridge 1 ' of the second motor vehicle with the auxiliary bridge 1 of described the first motor vehicle, be all limited to craspedodrome.Thus, the auxiliary bridge 1 of described two base motor-car and 1 ' can be realized respectively forward travel track B1 and the non-interfering tune of B2 of reverse driving track of the second motorway B and travel, and improves road efficiency.The forward travel track A1 of described the first motorway A is provided with a special up right-hand bend auxiliary maneuvering track 31, this right-hand bend auxiliary maneuvering track 31 connects the forward travel track B1 of described the second motorway B, to be connected with described up access bridge 21, the forward travel track A1 that can realize like this first motorway A realizes turning left to travel without the auxiliary bridge 1 of the upper motor vehicle that travels of the right-hand bend of slowing down.The descending access bridge 22 ' of the auxiliary bridge 1 ' of described the second motor vehicle, forward travel track B1 through described the second motorway B, be connected with a descending right-hand bend auxiliary maneuvering track 32 that is connected in this forward travel track B1 of special setting, this right-hand bend auxiliary maneuvering track 32 arranges in the reverse driving track of described the first motorway A A2 is upper, like this, can realize quick right-hand rotation from the auxiliary bridge 1 ' of the second motor vehicle is descending, thereby the vehicle not travelling with described equidirectional converges mutually once going out the auxiliary bridge 1 ' of machine the second motor-car, can accomplish not interfere with each other, effectively improve the safety of road Negotiation speed and driving simultaneously.Described up right-hand bend auxiliary maneuvering track 31 and descending right-hand bend auxiliary maneuvering track 32 can be set to one way road.The auxiliary bridge 1,1 ' of described two base motor-car can be arranged on the second motorway B any place of the first motorway A both sides, makes like this setting of the auxiliary bridge 1,1 ' of two base motor-cars can not be subject to the impact of environment, selects flexibly.Described the first motorway A and the second motorway B intersection are provided with tune track 5, so that tune is travelled fast.
Embodiment 2
Referring to Fig. 2 and Fig. 3, the application of going up at the parting of the ways for the current shift-type interchange overpass of road cross of the present invention all the period of time omnirange, can realize without parking waiting traffic lights, realize fast vehicle and turn right, turn left and tune function, effectively raise road efficiency.
The shift-type interchange overpass that road cross all the period of time omnirange is current, comprise the first motorway A and the second motorway B that mutually intersect, the first motorway A and arriving behind intersection with the second motorway B, all likely exists, turns right, tune and the four kinds of paths of driving a vehicle of keeping straight on fast.The quick craspedodrome of the second motorway B is to be realized by the forward travel track for keeping straight on arranging on it.On the described second motorway B of described the first motorway A both sides, be respectively equipped with the auxiliary bridge 1 of the first motor vehicle and the auxiliary bridge 1 ' of the second motor vehicle across the second motorway B.The up access bridge 21 of the auxiliary bridge 1 of described the first motor vehicle is connected with the forward travel track B1 of described the second motorway B, and the descending access bridge 22 of the auxiliary bridge 1 of described the first motor vehicle is connected with the reverse driving track B2 of described the second motorway B.The up access bridge 21 ' of the auxiliary bridge 1 ' of described the second motor vehicle is connected with the reverse driving track B2 of described the second motorway B, and the descending access bridge 22 ' of the auxiliary bridge 1 ' of described the second motor vehicle is connected with the forward travel track B1 of described the second motorway B.Thus, the auxiliary bridge 1 of described two base motor-car and 1 ' can be realized respectively forward travel track B1 and the non-interfering tune of B2 of reverse driving track of the second motorway B and travel, and improves road efficiency.Described the first motorway A is provided with the through vehicles of straight-through bridge 6, the first motorway A of a leap second motorway B without travelling in straight-through bridge 6 of slowing down and pause, and can also non-interferingly fast above the second motorway B, pass.Described straight-through bridge 6 has the auxiliary road 5 of tune, so that need the vehicle of tune to reverse end for end to travel in the first motorway A.Described the second motorway B tune is undertaken by the auxiliary bridge 1 of the first motor vehicle and the auxiliary bridge 1 ' of the second motor vehicle.The forward travel track A1 of described the first motorway A is provided with a special up right-hand bend auxiliary maneuvering track 31, this right-hand bend auxiliary maneuvering track 31 connects the forward travel track B1 of described the second motorway B, to be connected with described up access bridge 21, the forward travel track A1 that can realize like this first motorway A realizes turning left to travel without the auxiliary bridge 1 of the upper motor vehicle that travels of the right-hand bend of slowing down.The reverse driving track A2 of described the first motorway A is same as described above: the reverse driving track A2 of described the first motorway A is provided with up right-hand bend auxiliary maneuvering track 31 ', this right-hand bend auxiliary maneuvering track 31 ' connects the reverse driving track B2 of described the second motorway B, to be connected with the up access bridge 21 ' of the auxiliary bridge 1 ' of described the second motor vehicle.The descending access bridge 22 of the auxiliary bridge 1 of described the first motor vehicle, reverse driving track B2 through described the second motorway B, be connected with a descending right-hand bend auxiliary maneuvering track 32 that is connected in this reverse driving track B2 of special setting, this right-hand bend auxiliary maneuvering track 32 arranges in the forward travel track of described the first motorway A A1 is upper, like this, can realize quick right-hand rotation from the auxiliary bridge 1 of the first motor vehicle is descending, thereby the vehicle not travelling with described equidirectional converges mutually once going out the auxiliary bridge 1 of the first motor vehicle, can accomplish not interfere with each other, effectively improve the safety of road Negotiation speed and driving simultaneously.In like manner, the descending access bridge 22 ' of the auxiliary bridge 1 ' of described the second motor vehicle, forward travel track B1 through described the second motorway B, be connected with a descending right-hand bend auxiliary maneuvering track 32 ' that is connected in this forward travel track B1 of special setting, this right-hand bend auxiliary maneuvering track 32 arranges in the reverse driving track of described the first motorway A A2 is upper.Described up right-hand bend auxiliary maneuvering track 31,31 ' can be set to one way road with descending right-hand bend auxiliary maneuvering track 32,32 '.The auxiliary bridge 1,1 ' of described two base motor-car can be arranged on the second motorway B any place of the first motorway A both sides, makes like this setting of the auxiliary bridge 1,1 ' of two base motor-cars can not be subject to the impact of environment, selects flexibly.In order to improve the safety of passage rate and driving, the forward travel track A1 of described the first motorway A is provided with for reversing end for end and is connected with described up right-hand bend auxiliary maneuvering track 41 with the lane auxiliary of turning right, and the reverse driving track A2 of described the first motorway A is provided with for reversing end for end and is connected with described descending right-hand bend auxiliary maneuvering track 42 with the lane auxiliary of turning right.
Embodiment 3
Referring to Fig. 4, the application of going up at the parting of the ways for the current shift-type interchange overpass of road cross of the present invention all the period of time omnirange, wherein, described the first motorway A is provided with a straight-through tunnel 7 that passes through the second motorway B, the through vehicles of the first motorway A, without travelling on straight-through tunnel 7 of slowing down and pause, can also non-interferingly fast pass from the second motorway B below.Can avoid building like this overpass bridge, keep the spaciousness of crossroad.Described straight-through tunnel 7 is provided with the auxiliary road 5 of tune, so that need the vehicle of tune to reverse end for end to travel in the first motorway A.Described the second motorway B tune is undertaken by the auxiliary bridge 1 and 1 ' of motor vehicle.All the other structures are same as the previously described embodiments.
The present invention is full-closed structure type overpass bridge, for current nonmotorized vehicle lane and the sidewalk that was provided with tunnel, street or overline bridge of the pedestrian and non motorized vehicle that conveniently travels.
The foregoing is only preferred embodiment of the present invention and with, not the present invention is done to any pro forma restriction.All professional and technical personnel, are not departing within the scope of technical solution of the present invention, and when utilizing disclosed above technology contents, and the equivalent variations of a little change of making, modification and differentiation is equivalent embodiment of the present invention; Meanwhile, the change of overall any equivalent variations that all essence technology according to the present invention are done above embodiment, modification and differentiation etc., all still belong in the scope of technical scheme of the present invention.

Claims (5)

1. the current shift-type interchange overpass of road cross all the period of time omnirange, comprise the first motorway and the second motorway that mutually intersect, each motorway comprises some forward travel track and some reverse drivings track, wherein the second motorway all has forward travel track for keeping straight on, and it is characterized in that:
On described second motorway of described the first motorway both sides, be respectively equipped with the auxiliary bridge of the first motor vehicle and the auxiliary bridge of the second motor vehicle across the second motorway;
The up access bridge of the auxiliary bridge of described the first motor vehicle is connected with the specific forward travel track of described the second motorway, and the descending access bridge of the auxiliary bridge of described the first motor vehicle is connected with the specific reverse driving track of described the second motorway; The up access bridge of the auxiliary bridge of described the second motor vehicle is connected with the described specific reverse driving track of described the second motorway, and the descending access bridge of the auxiliary bridge of described the second motor vehicle is connected with the described specific forward travel track of described the second motorway;
The forward travel track of described the first motorway is provided with up right-hand bend auxiliary maneuvering track, this right-hand bend auxiliary maneuvering track connects the described specific forward travel track of described the second motorway, to be connected with the up access bridge of the auxiliary bridge of described the first motor vehicle; The descending access bridge of the auxiliary bridge of described the second motor vehicle, described specific forward travel track through described the second motorway, with be connected in this specific forward travel track, the descending right-hand bend auxiliary maneuvering track arranging on the reverse driving track of described the first motorway connects.
2. the current shift-type interchange overpass of road cross all the period of time omnirange as claimed in claim 1, is characterized in that: described the first motorway is provided with the straight-through track of leap second motorway.
3. the current shift-type interchange overpass of road cross all the period of time omnirange as claimed in claim 2, is characterized in that: described straight-through track is cross over the straight-through bridge on described the second motorway or pass through the straight-through tunnel below described the second motorway.
4. the current shift-type interchange overpass of road cross all the period of time omnirange as claimed in claim 3, is characterized in that: described the first motorway is provided with tune track under straight-through bridge or on straight-through tunnel.
5. the current shift-type interchange overpass of road cross all the period of time omnirange as claimed in claim 3, is characterized in that: the forward travel track of described the first motorway is provided with the lane auxiliary for reversing end for end and turning right that upwards the described up right-hand bend auxiliary maneuvering track of setting is connected with the party; The reverse driving track of described the first motorway is provided with the lane auxiliary for reversing end for end and turning right that upwards the described up right-hand bend auxiliary maneuvering track of setting is connected with the party.
CN201110113765.2A 2011-05-04 2011-05-04 Shift-type interchange for all-time omnidirectional traffic at intersection of roads Active CN102277806B (en)

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CN102966017A (en) * 2012-12-03 2013-03-13 冯付 Traffic intersection signal lamp replacing bridge
CN103161107A (en) * 2013-03-19 2013-06-19 张姝婧 Road intersection bridge
CN106400630A (en) * 2016-02-24 2017-02-15 胡绍林 Completely three-dimensional intelligent transportation method
CN105672074A (en) * 2016-03-29 2016-06-15 王小波 Urban road crossroad diversion system
CN107326764A (en) * 2017-09-05 2017-11-07 游自强 A kind of three tunnel two detour web frame of urban barrier-free arterial highway
CN110344296A (en) * 2019-07-18 2019-10-18 张泽 Traffic lights road is cancelled in a kind of crossroad and T-shaped road junction
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