CN103572677B - Left-turn-free flyover - Google Patents

Left-turn-free flyover Download PDF

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Publication number
CN103572677B
CN103572677B CN201310500643.8A CN201310500643A CN103572677B CN 103572677 B CN103572677 B CN 103572677B CN 201310500643 A CN201310500643 A CN 201310500643A CN 103572677 B CN103572677 B CN 103572677B
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turn
road
lateral
bridge
platform
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CN103572677A (en
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李安举
王惠玲
李鹏举
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李安举
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Abstract

The invention relates to a left-turn-free flyover, comprising an intersection flyover and a turn-around flyover. The left-turn-free flyover comprises the intersection flyover, a connecting bridge and the turn-around flyover, wherein the intersection flyover is arranged at an intersection; the turn-around flyover is not arranged at the intersection; the intersection flyover comprises an another-road-crossing overhead bridge, a right travelling right-turn overhead bridge, an upgoing right-turn overhead bridge, a left travelling left-turn overhead bridge and a downgoing right-turn overhead bridge; the another-road-crossing overhead bridge comprises an overhead platform and two side rampways; the overhead platform and the side rampways are in smooth connection; the side rampways and the overhead platform are provided with motorways and/or non-motorways and/or sidewalks; and a right travelling straight lanes, motorways or non-motorways and sidewalks are arranged below the right travelling right-turn overhead bridge. Left-turn vehicle traffic can be concealed at an intersection; right-turn canalization distribution is carried out. Thus, mutual interference of turning vehicles and straight vehicles is greatly reduced; a traffic accident is greatly reduced; the traffic control power is also saved.

Description

One kind no left-turn flyover
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of viaduct of urban road, intersection can be cancelled left turning vehicle and be passed through so as to carry out right-hand rotation Canalization shunting, right-turning vehicles pass through and realize canalization shunting, greatly reduce turning vehicle and the straight traffic of two road intersection , the interfering of non power driven vehicle and pedestrian, and at least realize the through vehicles barrier free accessibility on a road, can be effective Ground solves motor vehicles crossing traffic congestion problem.
Background technology
In Current City Road traffic, the traffic lights of setting more than crossing are adjusted between the motor vehicles that each flows to, each stream Influence each other between motor vehicles and non-motor vehicle and pedestrian, easily cause congestion and have an accident, the current effect of road traffic Rate is relatively low.Other urban road crossings shunting mode also has larger defect: rotary island has been split into city thromboembolism;Also have Crossing is provided with viaduct and is adjusted shunting, but the big multiple footprint of viaduct is excessive, and cost is also too high, long construction period, Be not suitable for setting in urban road;Also have has built overpass, and it is relatively costly, and construction period is longer, equally not special It is suitable for improving existing urban traffic conditions.
Content of the invention
In order to overcome the shortcoming of prior art, the present invention provides a kind of viaduct, makes intersection can cancel left turning vehicle Current, carry out canalization shunting of turning right, right-turning vehicles pass through and realize canalization shunting, greatly reduce the phase of turning vehicle and through vehicles Mutually disturb;And the through vehicles barrier free accessibility realizing at least one road, greatly reduce turning vehicle and non-motor vehicle and Pedestrian influences each other, and reduces the vehicle accident of turning vehicle and other vehicles, non-motor vehicle and pedestrian, can efficiently solve machine Motor-car crossing traffic congestion problem, can greatly improve urban highway traffic traffic efficiency.
The present invention solves its technical problem and is adopted the technical scheme that: includes crossing overpass, cross structure and u-turn vertical Hand over bridge;Described crossing overpass is arranged on crossing, and u-turn viaduct is arranged on non-crossing, and described crossing overpass is included across another Article one, road overhead bridge and right lateral are turned right and are maked somebody a mere figurehead circle bridge, the built on stilts circle bridge of up right-hand rotation, the left lateral built on stilts circle bridge of right-hand rotation and descending right-hand rotation Built on stilts circle bridge;Described includes truss frame platform and both sides ramp across another road overhead bridge, and truss frame platform is put down with both sides ramp Slip, both sides ramp and truss frame platform have car lane and/or bicycle lane and/or footpath, and truss frame platform only sets There is car lane, then bicycle lane and footpath are placed in the level-crossing with another road for one layer of the ground, by traffic lights Adjust current;Truss frame platform sets car lane and bicycle lane and footpath, and truss frame platform has right-turning vehicles and straight trip Non-motor vehicle and pedestrian You Liangge intersection, also can concentrated setting in centre position, need voluntarily to adjust or traffic lights adjusted, this On the other road of sample, motor vehicles, non-motor vehicle and pedestrian are then adjusted without traffic lights, directly pass through;Wear under truss frame platform The car lane of row and bicycle lane and footpath, described right lateral is turned right and is maked somebody a mere figurehead circle bridge, circle bridge, left lateral are maked somebody a mere figurehead in up right-hand rotation Turning right to make somebody a mere figurehead has the built on stilts car lane of right lateral right-hand rotation, up right-hand rotation to make somebody a mere figurehead motor vehicles on circle bridge and the built on stilts circle bridge of descending right-hand rotation respectively Road, left lateral are turned right and are maked somebody a mere figurehead car lane and the built on stilts car lane of descending right-hand rotation, and connect with the track on another road;Described Right lateral to turn right under built on stilts circle bridge be right lateral straight trip, car lane or bicycle lane and footpath, described up right-hand rotation frame It is left lateral straight trip, car lane or bicycle lane and footpath under dead turns bridge, described left lateral is turned right and maked somebody a mere figurehead under circle bridge is left Row straight trip, car lane or bicycle lane and footpath, it is right lateral straight trip, motor vehicles that described descending right-hand rotation is maked somebody a mere figurehead under circle bridge Road or bicycle lane and footpath;Described right lateral is turned right and maked somebody a mere figurehead circle bridge, circle bridge is maked somebody a mere figurehead in up right-hand rotation, left lateral is turned right makes somebody a mere figurehead circle Bridge and descending right-hand rotation are maked somebody a mere figurehead and are set one or more tracks on circle bridge, and it has three with the track mode of communicating on another road Kind: a is to build up including up gradient, platform, the cocurrent of gug composition or shunting platform, the company of realization on platform in a road Connect and cocurrent or shunting current, described shunting platform or cocurrent platform set one and above track, its highly with across another Road overhead bridge is inconsistent;B is to be smoothly connected on track;C be smoothly connected to reverse end for end the whereabouts level line of viaduct and come to Level line.
The present invention has the advantage that 1), the present invention can make urban road crossing cancel turn left, left-hand bend vehicle lead to Cross u-turn viaduct and realize shunting and reach the purpose of left steering, it is to avoid congestion and the generation of accident that left-hand bend vehicle causes; 2), right-hand bend vehicle pass through to turn right overhead circle bridge is realized turning right, and decreases non-motor vehicle with bicycle lane and pedestrian Interfere, decrease the generation of vehicle accident, decrease the jam that right-hand bend vehicle causes;3), turning vehicle is because of it U-turn turning process be to complete on the circle bridge or turning platform of two kinds of viaducts, therefore its only affect the straight traffic in this track and It is incorporated to the straight traffic to track after turning, through vehicles must be through a slope;4) if traffic rules regulation non-motor vehicle and All in floor traffic, then on a road, the motor vehicles of straight trip and non power driven vehicle and pedestrian are unblocked, in addition for pedestrian Article one, on road, the motor vehicles of straight trip and non power driven vehicle and pedestrian need to pass through through traffic lights regulation.5) if traffic rules Regulation wherein across an other road aerial bridge on set bicycle lane and street crossing, then the through vehicles on two road All barrier free accessibility, but the vehicle turned right needs to avoid with non-motor vehicle and pedestrian on aerial bridge, need voluntarily to adjust or Traffic lights are adjusted.6), structure is simple, small volume, and cost is few, can be widely popularized use.
Brief description
The present invention is further described with reference to the accompanying drawings and examples.
Fig. 1 is crossing overpass first embodiment front view of the present invention;
Fig. 2 is crossing overpass first embodiment top view of the present invention;
Fig. 3 is crossing overpass second embodiment front view of the present invention;
Fig. 4 is crossing overpass second embodiment top view of the present invention;
Fig. 5 is cross structure first embodiment front view of the present invention;
Fig. 6 is cross structure first embodiment top view of the present invention;
Fig. 7 is cross structure second embodiment front view of the present invention;
Fig. 8 is cross structure second embodiment top view of the present invention;
Fig. 9 reverses end for end viaduct first embodiment front view for the present invention;
Figure 10 reverses end for end viaduct first embodiment top view for the present invention;
Figure 11 reverses end for end viaduct second embodiment front view for the present invention;
Figure 12 reverses end for end viaduct second embodiment top view for the present invention.
Specific embodiment
As shown in Fig. 1-Figure 12, the present invention includes crossing overpass, cross structure and u-turn viaduct,
As Figure 1-Figure 4, described crossing overpass is arranged on crossing, and u-turn viaduct 6 is arranged on non-crossing.Described Crossing overpass includes turning right across another road overhead bridge 10 and right lateral and makes somebody a mere figurehead circle bridge 2, up turn right built on stilts circle bridge 4, left lateral Turn right and make somebody a mere figurehead circle bridge 5 and descending built on stilts circle bridge 3 of turning right;Described includes truss frame platform and both sides across another road overhead bridge 10 Ramp, truss frame platform is in smoothing junction with both sides ramp, and both sides ramp and truss frame platform have car lane and/or bicycle lane And/or footpath.Truss frame platform is provided only with car lane, then bicycle lane and footpath are placed in one layer of ground and another road The level-crossing on road, is adjusted current by traffic lights;Truss frame platform sets car lane and bicycle lane and footpath, makes somebody a mere figurehead flat Non-motor vehicle and the pedestrian You Liangge intersection of right-turning vehicles and straight trip are had on platform, also can concentrated setting in centre position, need Voluntarily adjust or traffic lights adjusted, on a so other road, motor vehicles, non-motor vehicle and pedestrian are then adjusted without traffic lights, Directly pass through;There are the car lane walked and bicycle lane and footpath under truss frame platform.Described right lateral is turned right and is maked somebody a mere figurehead circle Bridge 2, up built on stilts circle bridge 4 of turning right, left lateral turn right to make somebody a mere figurehead has right lateral right-hand rotation frame on circle bridge 5 and descending built on stilts circle bridge 3 of turning right respectively Empty car lane, up right-hand rotation make somebody a mere figurehead car lane, left lateral is turned right makes somebody a mere figurehead car lane and the built on stilts car lane of descending right-hand rotation, and Connect with the track on another road;Described right lateral is turned right and maked somebody a mere figurehead under circle bridge 2 is right lateral straight trip, car lane or non-maneuver Track and footpath, it is left lateral straight trip, car lane or bicycle lane and People's Bank of China that described up right-hand rotation is maked somebody a mere figurehead under circle bridge 4 Road, it is left lateral straight trip, car lane or bicycle lane and footpath that described left lateral is turned right under built on stilts circle bridge 5, described under Row is turned right and maked somebody a mere figurehead under circle bridge 3 is right lateral straight trip, car lane or bicycle lane and footpath;Described right lateral is turned right and is maked somebody a mere figurehead circle Bridge 2, up built on stilts circle bridge 4 of turning right, left lateral are turned right to make somebody a mere figurehead and are set one or more on circle bridge 5 and descending built on stilts circle bridge 3 of turning right Track, its with another road on track mode of communicating have three kinds: a be a road build up including up gradient, platform, under Cocurrent or shunting platform that ramp forms, realize connecting on platform and cocurrent or shunting are passed through.Described shunting platform or simultaneously Levelling platform sets one and above track, and it is highly inconsistent with across another road overhead bridge;B is to be smoothly connected on track;c It is to be smoothly connected to reverse end for end the whereabouts level line of viaduct and come to level line.
As shown in Figure 5-Figure 8, described cross structure one end connects crossing overpass, and the other end connects u-turn viaduct, with There is the track 6 turned right or with straight trip the connection end of crossing overpass.
As shown in Fig. 9-Figure 12, there is overhead right turn track 11 on the right side of u-turn viaduct and crossing overpass, overhead Right turn track 11 is above non-motor vehicle or non-motor vehicle and Through Lane.
Described u-turn viaduct includes whereabouts up gradient, level line, gug 7, comes to up gradient, level line, gug 8 and Turning platform 1, whereabouts up gradient, level line, gug 7 linear array, to up gradient, level line, gug 8 linear array, to go To up gradient, level line, gug 7 and come to up gradient, level line, gug 8 by overhead turning platform 1 realize connect.Institute The whereabouts up gradient stated, level line, gug 7 are located on whereabouts road on any track, described come to up gradient, level line, under Ramp 8 is located on road on any track.Can freely walk on the described car lane of turning platform 1 lower section.Institute The whereabouts up gradient stated, level line, gug 7, to arrange one and one to up gradient, level line, gug 8 and turning platform 1 Above track.Described whereabouts level line, can set up post under level line, can be in highway boundary line under described turning platform Place sets up post.
Described u-turn viaduct 9 is at least one on the different roads of crossing certain distance.
Described crossing overpass and u-turn viaduct have guardrail.
The corner at described crossing sets bicycle lane and footpath intersection, turns to for non-motor vehicle and pedestrian.
Up right-hand rotation right lateral: the connection of the up right-hand rotation right lane on circle bridge and an other road is maked somebody a mere figurehead in up right-hand rotation Mode selects a's, turns right through up right-hand rotation right lateral car lane row to cocurrent platform, direct motion from up-run lane.The up right side Up right-hand rotation right lane on pivoted frame dead turns bridge selects b with the connected mode of an other road, turns right from up-run lane Through up right-hand rotation right lateral car lane direct motion.Up the turn right up right-hand rotation right lane making somebody a mere figurehead on circle bridge and other one The connected mode of road selects c's, turns right the going to u-turn viaduct through up right-hand rotation right lateral car lane row from up-run lane To level line, through whereabouts gug direct motion.Descending right-hand rotation is similar to.
Up left-hand rotation left lateral: the connection of the up right-hand rotation right lane on circle bridge and an other road is maked somebody a mere figurehead in up right-hand rotation Mode selects a's, turns right through up right-hand rotation right lateral car lane row to cocurrent platform from up-run lane, realizes on cocurrent platform Pass through with straight trip right lane cocurrent, then sail u-turn viaduct into, sail into through whereabouts up gradient after whereabouts level line through turning platform Turn left again origin to level line, to cross crossing to gug direct motion;The up up right-hand rotation right lateral car turned right on built on stilts circle bridge The connected mode of road and an other road selects b's, from up-run lane turn right through up right-hand rotation right lateral car lane direct motion to U-turn viaduct, sail into through whereabouts up gradient after whereabouts level line through turning platform turn left again origin to level line, come suitable to gug Went crossing;The up up right-hand rotation right lane turned right on built on stilts circle bridge is selected with the connected mode of an other road C's, turn right through up right-hand rotation right lateral car lane row to the whereabouts level line reversing end for end viaduct from up-run lane, turn left flat through turning Platform, come to level line, to cross crossing to gug direct motion.Descending left-hand rotation left lateral u-turn is similar.
Up straight trip: by the Through Lane direct motion on the aerial bridge of another road.Descending straight trip is similar.
Right lateral is turned right up: right lateral is turned right and maked somebody a mere figurehead the right lateral right-hand rotation up-run lane on circle bridge and the connection of an other road Mode selects a's, and from right lane, shunting platform is turned right and sailed right lateral right-hand rotation up-run lane row into across another road overhead Bridge is turned right, direct motion;Right lateral is turned right and is maked somebody a mere figurehead the right lateral right-hand rotation up-run lane on circle bridge and the connected mode of an other road Select b, right lateral right-hand rotation up-run lane row is turned right to across another road overhead bridge from right lane, direct motion;Right lateral The right lateral right-hand rotation up-run lane turned right on built on stilts circle bridge selects c with the connected mode of an other road, from right lane Reverse end for end viaduct, to the level line right-hand rotation upper right lateral up car lane of right-hand rotation, to go extremely across another road overhead bridge right-hand rotation to it, Direct motion.Left lateral is turned right descending similar.
Right lateral turns left descending: right lateral is turned right and maked somebody a mere figurehead the right lateral right-hand rotation up-run lane on circle bridge and the connection of an other road Mode selects a's, has two kinds of current modes: one is to shunt platform from right lane through right lateral right-hand rotation up-run lane, to across another Article one, road overhead bridge, right-hand rotation direct motion to reversing end for end the whereabouts up gradient of viaduct, whereabouts level line, through turning platform turn left to come to Level line, to cross crossing to gug direct motion;Two is not to be provided with u-turn on the road of another road with crossing overpass Viaduct, kept straight on crossing from right lane, through reversing end for end whereabouts up gradient, the whereabouts level line of viaduct, left through turning platform Go to level line, come to gug, then turn right descending track to across another road overhead bridge right-hand rotation direct motion through left lateral. The right lateral right-hand rotation up-run lane that right lateral is turned right on built on stilts circle bridge selects b with the connected mode of an other road, has two kinds to lead to Line mode: one is to be provided with u-turn viaduct, right lateral from right lane with crossing overpass across the road of another road Right-hand rotation up-run lane, row to right-hand rotation direct motion on another road overhead bridge, to u-turn viaduct, through whereabouts up gradient, whereabouts Level line, is turned left to coming to level line, come to gug from turning platform, crossing is crossed in direct motion;Two is across another with crossing overpass Article one, the road of road do not set u-turn viaduct, kept straight on crossing from right lane, row to reversing end for end viaduct, through going upwards Ramp, whereabouts level line, turn left to coming to level line, come to gug through turning platform, and direct motion is turned right descending track through left lateral, to across Another road overhead bridge right-hand rotation direct motion.Right lateral right-hand rotation up-run lane on the built on stilts circle bridge of right lateral right-hand rotation and an other road The connected mode on road selects c's, has two kinds of current modes: one is to be provided with tune with crossing overpass across the road of another road Head viaduct, from right lane, u-turn viaduct carrys out right lateral right-hand rotation up-run lane upper to level line right-hand rotation through it, and row is to across another Article one, right-hand rotation direct motion on road overhead bridge, to u-turn viaduct, through whereabouts up gradient, whereabouts level line, by turning platform turn left to Come to level line, come to gug, crossing is crossed in direct motion;Two is not to be provided with the road of another road with crossing overpass U-turn viaduct, kept straight on crossing from right lane, through reversing end for end whereabouts up gradient, the whereabouts level line of viaduct, flat through turning Platform turns left to coming to level line, come to gug, then turns right descending track to across another road overhead bridge right-hand rotation direct motion through left lateral ?.Left lateral turns left up similar.
Right lateral is kept straight on: adjusts current through traffic lights;If an other road set u-turn viaduct, through vehicles are permissible From right lane shunting platform or u-turn viaduct come to platform turn right through right lateral right-hand rotation up-run lane to across another road Road aerial bridge right-hand rotation direct motion to reversing end for end the whereabouts up gradient of viaduct, whereabouts level line, is turned left to coming to level line, come through turning platform To gug, sail back original path direct motion or through descending right-hand rotation left lateral track to cocurrent platform or u-turn through descending right-hand rotation left lateral track Original path direct motion sailed back by the whereabouts platform of viaduct, adjusts without traffic lights.Left lateral straight trip is similar.

Claims (7)

1. one kind no left-turn flyover it is characterised in that: include crossing overpass, cross structure and u-turn viaduct;Described road Mouth viaduct is arranged on crossing, and u-turn viaduct (6) is arranged on non-crossing, and described crossing overpass is included across another road frame Empty bridge (10) and right lateral are turned right and are maked somebody a mere figurehead circle bridge (2), up built on stilts circle bridge (4) of turning right, the left lateral built on stilts circle bridge (5) of right-hand rotation and the descending right side Pivoted frame dead turns bridge (3);Described includes truss frame platform and both sides ramp, truss frame platform and two across another road overhead bridge (10) Side slope road is in smoothing junction, and both sides ramp and truss frame platform have car lane and/or bicycle lane and/or footpath;Built on stilts There are the car lane walked and bicycle lane and footpath, described right lateral is turned right and maked somebody a mere figurehead circle bridge (2), up right-hand rotation under platform Built on stilts circle bridge (4), left lateral are turned right to make somebody a mere figurehead has right lateral right-hand rotation built on stilts motor-driven on circle bridge (5) and descending built on stilts circle bridge (3) of turning right respectively Car lane is maked somebody a mere figurehead in car lane is maked somebody a mere figurehead in track, up right-hand rotation, left lateral is turned right built on stilts car lane and descending right-hand rotation, and with another Track connection on bar road;Described right lateral is turned right and maked somebody a mere figurehead under circle bridge (2) is right lateral straight trip, car lane or bicycle lane And footpath, it is left lateral straight trip, car lane or bicycle lane and footpath that described up right-hand rotation is maked somebody a mere figurehead under circle bridge (4), Described left lateral is turned right and maked somebody a mere figurehead under circle bridge (5) is left lateral straight trip, car lane or bicycle lane and footpath, and described is descending It is right lateral straight trip, car lane or bicycle lane and footpath under the built on stilts circle bridge (3) of right-hand rotation;Described right lateral is turned right and is maked somebody a mere figurehead circle Bridge (2), up built on stilts circle bridge (4) of turning right, left lateral turn right built on stilts circle bridge (5) and descending turn right make somebody a mere figurehead set on circle bridge (3) one or More than one track, its with another road on track mode of communicating to have three kinds: a be to build up inclusion upward slope in a road Road, platform, the cocurrent of gug composition or shunting platform, platform is realized connect and cocurrent or shunting current, described point Levelling platform or cocurrent platform set one and above track, and it is highly inconsistent with across another road overhead bridge;B is in smoothing junction To on track;C is to be smoothly connected to reverse end for end the whereabouts level line of viaduct and come to level line.
2. no left-turn flyover according to claim 1 it is characterised in that: described truss frame platform is provided only with motor vehicles Road, then bicycle lane and footpath be placed in the level-crossing with another road for one layer of the ground, adjusted current by traffic lights.
3. no left-turn flyover according to claim 1 it is characterised in that: described truss frame platform sets car lane and non- Car lane and footpath, truss frame platform has right-turning vehicles and the non-motor vehicle kept straight on and pedestrian You Liangge intersection, or collection In be arranged on centre position, need voluntarily to adjust or traffic lights adjusted, motor vehicles on a so other road, non-motor vehicle and Pedestrian is then adjusted without traffic lights, directly passes through.
4. no left-turn flyover according to claim 1 it is characterised in that: described u-turn viaduct and crossing overpass Right side increase overhead right turn track (11), overhead right turn track (11) is in non-motor vehicle or non-motor vehicle and straight traffic The top in road.
5. no left-turn flyover according to claim 1 it is characterised in that: whereabouts up gradient, level line, gug (7) set On any track on whereabouts road, to be located on road on any track to up gradient, level line, gug (8);Turn Can freely walk on car lane below platform (1), whereabouts up gradient, level line, gug (7), come to up gradient, flat Road, gug (8) and turning platform (1) arrange one and more than one track;Whereabouts level line, can set up under level line Post, can set up post under turning platform at highway boundary line.
6. no left-turn flyover according to claim 1 it is characterised in that: described u-turn viaduct (9) is away from crossing one At least one on the different roads of set a distance.
7. no left-turn flyover according to claim 1 it is characterised in that: described crossing overpass and u-turn viaduct There is guardrail.
CN201310500643.8A 2013-10-12 2013-10-12 Left-turn-free flyover Active CN103572677B (en)

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CN104846709A (en) * 2015-02-09 2015-08-19 李安举 Right-turning interchange
CN106555369A (en) * 2017-01-24 2017-04-05 张文泉 Multilamellar cross-line adds rotary island formula viaduct
CN108411723A (en) * 2018-03-08 2018-08-17 刘长寿 The double-deck road of longitude and latitude staggered floor
CN111485903B (en) * 2020-04-22 2021-11-12 陕西铭捷交通工程有限公司 Jacking frame interchange construction method based on self-anchored prestressed overhead system

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US5807020A (en) * 1996-09-17 1998-09-15 Chen; Chien-Yuan Traffic guide constructions at road intersections to provide smooth traffic flows and methods of traffic control thereof
JP3801609B1 (en) * 2004-09-29 2006-07-26 月灘建設株式会社 Barrier-free rotary side-by-side road structure
CN101126218A (en) * 2007-09-29 2008-02-20 陈崧 Gyration expedite viaduct
CN202139520U (en) * 2011-04-14 2012-02-08 曹永真 Flyover without left turn
CN202898928U (en) * 2012-11-02 2013-04-24 李安举 Turning and turning-around flyover
CN204626179U (en) * 2013-10-12 2015-09-09 李安举 A kind of without left-turn flyover

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