CN105002797B - Man-vehicle-layered interchange type overpass - Google Patents

Man-vehicle-layered interchange type overpass Download PDF

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CN105002797B
CN105002797B CN201510460359.1A CN201510460359A CN105002797B CN 105002797 B CN105002797 B CN 105002797B CN 201510460359 A CN201510460359 A CN 201510460359A CN 105002797 B CN105002797 B CN 105002797B
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road
track
lane
craspedodrome
changing lane
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CN105002797A (en
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钟粤枢
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QINZHOU LIDA MACHINERY PLANT
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QINZHOU LIDA MACHINERY PLANT
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Abstract

The invention discloses a man-vehicle-layered interchange type overpass. The man-vehicle-layered interchange type overpass comprises a transverse bridge and a longitudinal bridge which allow dual-way traveling to be achieved; the transverse bridge and the longitudinal bridge each comprise a lane A and a lane B, wherein each lane A comprises a left-handed rotation way, a direct way and a right-handed rotation way; and the lanes are intersected to form a low layer and a high layer. The man-vehicle-layered interchange type overpass further comprises a cross-shaped sidewalk arranged on the ground. According to the man-vehicle-layered interchange type overpass, the lanes for different vehicles are singly arranged and are in different running directions, all the lanes are not intersected and not influenced with each other, and man-vehicle layering is achieved; and the bridge approaching length is short, the floor space is small, the manufacturing cost is low, the traffic efficiency and the safety performance are high, and the man-vehicle-layered interchange type overpass can be widely built and applied to crossroads of cities.

Description

A kind of interchange viaduct of people's car layering
Technical field
The present invention relates to road and bridge building field, be specifically related to the interchange viaduct of a kind of people's car layering.
Background technology
Along with sharply increasing of urban population, driving vehicle increasing, people are for the development of urban road construction Continuing to increase with the demand of traffic.Building viaduct at the parting of the ways is to improve one good means of vehicle congestion, but existing Difficult with the presence of the viaduct human and vehicle shunting in technology, floor space big, access bridge length length, manufacturing cost high, direction is difficult to, Track frequently staggered, reversely make a detour etc. shortcoming with left steering without tune.
The utility model of China's Application No. 2012203500072, overpass at crossroads, including the be interleaved together One garage's arch bridge and second garage's arch bridge, described first garage's arch bridge is across described horizontal major trunk roads, described second garage's arch bridge Across described longitudinal major trunk roads, described first garage's arch bridge is positioned at the lower section of described second garage's arch bridge, described first garage's arch The lower section of bridge is provided with walkway, and described overpass at crossroads also includes turning left to first ring road in D track for A track Build bridge, for B track turn left to C track second ring road build bridge, for C track turn left to A track the 3rd ring road build bridge and Turning left for D track to the 4th ring road bridge formation in B track, A track, B track, C track and D track are provided with right-turn lane frame Bridge.Though this invention solves ring road whereabouts and is difficult to identification, the technical problem of human and vehicle shunting difficulty, but there is following defect: one, should Viaduct is not separately provided motor vehicles, bicycle track, and motor vehicles and bicycle mix row and cause the impact that intersects, especially Blocking and vehicle accident is easily there is in it when vehicle turns left and turns right;Its two, track do not reversed end for end by this viaduct, it is impossible to meet Driving vehicle tune demand, the intercommunication poor performance of viaduct;It addition, this viaduct four layers altogether, right-hand rotation ring road be directly connected in Be horizontally disposed with the right side in craspedodrome road, then right-hand rotation ring road is high at least provided with 12m in the case of ensureing height of passing vehicle, causes this Viaduct whole height height, access bridge length, floor space is big, manufacturing cost is high;Make a detour it addition, this grade separation is not provided with tune, car The tune of needs more bothers when travelling and required time is long.
Summary of the invention
The deficiency existed for prior art, the present invention provide a kind of pedestrian and car and each row of dissimilar vehicle its Road, non-cross, be independent of each other and current straightway people's car layering interchange viaduct.
In order to achieve the above object, the technical scheme that the present invention takes:
The interchange viaduct of a kind of people's car layering, including cross-bridges and vertical bridge, described cross-bridges includes first travelled in opposite directions Track and second lane, described vertical bridge includes third lane and the Four-Lane Road travelled in opposite directions;Described first lane is from initiating terminal Being sequentially provided with A track and B track from the outside to the core, described second lane is sequentially provided with A ' track and B ' car from the outside to the core from initiating terminal Road, described third lane is sequentially provided with C track and D track from the outside to the core from initiating terminal, described Four-Lane Road from initiating terminal from Inwardly all it is sequentially provided with C ' track and D ' track;Described A, A ', B, B ', C, C ', D, D ' track be equipped with left changing lane, craspedodrome road, Right-hand rotation road, and all tracks are interlaced and form low layer with high-rise;Left and right the making a detour in A, A ' track, and B, B ' left changing lane, Also having D, D ' right-hand rotation road is low layer, B, B ' right-hand rotation road, and left and right the making a detour in C, C ' track, and also D, D ' left changing lane is aerial Layer;A craspedodrome road extends forward from initiating terminal and continues to extend to tail end across A ' left changing lane, B ' left changing lane, D right-hand rotation road successively, and B is straight Trade extends forward from initiating terminal continues to extend to tail end across A left changing lane, A ' left changing lane, B ' left changing lane, D right-hand rotation road successively, A ' craspedodrome road extends forward from initiating terminal and continues to extend to tail end across A left changing lane, B left changing lane, D ' right-hand rotation road successively, and B ' keeps straight on Road extends forward from initiating terminal and continues to extend to tail end across A ' left changing lane, A left changing lane, B left changing lane, D ' right-hand rotation road successively;C、 C ', D, D ' craspedodrome road extends forward from initiating terminal and all extends tail end and less than height across follow-up the reneing in A, A ', B, B ' craspedodrome road Layer;It is provided with outward extending footpath between the difference in height that described cross-bridges all craspedodromes road and vertical bridge all craspedodromes road are formed.
As optimal technical scheme, for the ease of the tune of driving vehicle on A, A ', C, C ' track, effectively shorten and turn around Waiting and running time, the left side of described A, A ', C, C ' left changing lane is equipped with and is connected in travelling the tune on craspedodrome road the most in opposite directions Make a detour.
As optimal technical scheme, for the ease of the tune of driving vehicle on B, B ', D, D ' track, effectively shorten tune etc. Wait and running time, described B, B ', D, D ' craspedodrome road all in the middle part of its track side carry out widening tune track be set.
As optimal technical scheme, in order to shorten the length of access bridge, thus effectively reduce floor space, described B, B ', D, D ' right-hand rotation road is separately provided track on the right side in B, B ', D, D ' craspedodrome road respectively.
As optimal technical scheme, in order to reduce floor space and reduce manufacturing cost, the structure simultaneously making viaduct is tight Gathering, described A, A ', C, C ' track left and right is made a detour and is connected respectively in the both sides of A, A ', C, C ' craspedodrome road initiating terminal.
As optimal technical scheme, in order to reduce floor space and reduce manufacturing cost, the structure simultaneously making viaduct is tight Gathering, described B, B ', D, D ' left changing lane is connected respectively in the left side of B, B ', D, D ' craspedodrome road initiating terminal.
As optimal technical scheme, in order to shorten the left and right length made a detour in C, C ' track, reduce floor space, thus Effectively reducing manufacturing cost, described C right-hand rotation road is connected after aloft converging with C ' left changing lane in the side, rear end in A craspedodrome road, and C is left Make a detour and be connected in the side, rear end in A ' craspedodrome road after aloft converging with C ' left changing lane.
As optimal technical scheme, in order to shorten the left and right length made a detour in both sides, all craspedodrome roads, the most also ensure all Left and right making a detour has certain gradient, thus effectively shortens viaduct entire length, and described A, A ', B, B ' craspedodrome road is all from respectively From initiating terminal fall before after rise decline again after the extensibility of structure that rises to tail end, C, C ', D, D ' craspedodrome road is all from respective Initiating terminal first rise decline afterwards again rise after decline extensibility of structure to tail end.
As optimal technical scheme, in order to ensure that driving vehicle car can be smooth and easy and can be quickly through making a detour, the most effectively control Manufacturing cost processed, described all left and right gradients made a detour are 5%~10%.
As optimal technical scheme, in order to ensure driving vehicle smooth and easy and quickly through, effectively control manufacturing cost simultaneously, Described high level is air-layer, and low layer is subterranean layer, and all maximum heights made a detour of air-layer are 5~7m, all turns of subterranean layer The lowest depth in road is-5~-7m.
The invention have the benefit that
1, viaduct arranges different types of two kinds of tracks, and every kind of track is equipped with left changing lane, right-hand rotation road, craspedodrome road, Manway, the layering of people's car and the non-cross impact of vehicle travel road are also set on ground, thus ensure the smooth and easy nothing of road Resistance, effectively shortens running time and reduces the generation of vehicle accident phenomenon.
2, it is equipped with tune road on the craspedodrome road in two kinds of tracks, it is achieved the intercommunication performance of viaduct, effectively shortens vehicle and adjust The time that head turns to, thus improve the efficiency that is open to traffic of viaduct.
3, all left and right making a detour structure also and position is respectively provided with rationally, all craspedodrome roads structure arranges reasonable science, The height of access bridge is reasonable, the gradient is little, access bridge is short, floor space is little, thus the low cost of manufacture of viaduct.
4, all tracks of viaduct the gradient, highly arrange rationally, both ensured that the smooth and easy of vehicle passed through, the most effectively controlled Manufacturing cost.
Accompanying drawing explanation
With specific embodiment, the present invention is described in further detail below in conjunction with the accompanying drawings.
Fig. 1 is the structural representation of the present invention;
Fig. 2 is the structural representation in A, A ', C, C track, ' track;
Fig. 3 is the structural representation in B, B ', D, D ' track;
Drawing reference numeral: 1, cross-bridges, 1-1, first lane, 1-2, second lane, 2, vertical bridge, 2-1, third lane, 2-2, the Four-Lane Road, 3, A track, 3-1, A left changing lane, 3-2, A craspedodrome road, 3-3, A right-hand rotation road, 4, B track, 4-1, B left changing lane, 4-2, B Craspedodrome road, 4-3, B right-hand rotation road, 5, A ' track, 5-1, A ' left changing lane, 5-2, A ' craspedodrome road, 5-3, A ' right-hand rotation road, 6, B ' track, 6-1, B ' left changing lane, 6-2, B ' craspedodrome road, 6-3, B ' right-hand rotation road, 7, C track, 7-1, C left changing lane, 7-2, C craspedodrome road, 7-3, C Right-hand rotation road, 8, D track, 8-1, D left changing lane, 8-2, D craspedodrome road, 8-3, D right-hand rotation road, 9, C ' track, 9-1, C ' left changing lane, 9-2, C ' craspedodrome road, 9-3, C ' right-hand rotation road, 10, D ' track, 10-1, D ' left changing lane, 10-2, D ' craspedodrome road, 10-3, D ' right-hand rotation road, 11, Footpath, 12, tune make a detour, 13, tune track.
Detailed description of the invention
Proposing one specific embodiment of the present invention as shown in Figure 1, the interchange viaduct of a kind of people's car layering, including cross-bridges 1 and vertical bridge 2, described cross-bridges 1 includes first lane 1-1 and the second lane 1-2 travelled in opposite directions, and described vertical bridge includes travelling in opposite directions Third lane 2-1 and Four-Lane Road 2-2;Described first lane 1-1 is sequentially provided with A track 3 and B car from the outside to the core from initiating terminal Road 4, described second lane 1-2 is sequentially provided with ' track 6, A ' track 5 and B from the outside to the core from initiating terminal, described third lane 2-1 from Initiating terminal is sequentially provided with track 8, C track 7 and D from the outside to the core, and described Four-Lane Road 2-2 sets the most successively from initiating terminal Having ' track 10, C ' track 9 and D, A track 3, A ' track 5, C track 7, C ' track 9 are same type vehicle lane, according to traveling Custom is set to the track of motorcycle and bicycle, and B track 4, B ' track 6, D track 8, D ' track 10 are same type vehicle car Road, is set to the car lane of the non-motorcycle such as car, lorry according to driving habits;Described A track 3, A ' track 5, B track 4, B ' track 6, C track 7, C ' track 9, D track 8, D ' track 10 are equipped with left changing lane, craspedodrome road, right-hand rotation road, such as Fig. 2 and Fig. 3 institute Show, and all tracks are interlaced and form low layer with high-rise;A left changing lane 3-1, A right-hand rotation road 3-3, A ' left changing lane 5-1, A ' is right 5-3, B left changing lane 4-1, B ' left changing lane 6-1, D right-hand rotation road 8-3, D ' right-hand rotation road 10-3 that makes a detour is low layer, and B right-hand rotation road 4-3, B ' is right Make a detour 6-3, C left changing lane 7-1, C right-hand rotation road 7-3, C ' left changing lane 9-1, C ' right-hand rotation road 9-3, D left changing lane 8-1, D ' left changing lane 10-1 For high level;A craspedodrome road 3-2 extends forward from initiating terminal and continues across A ' left changing lane 5-1, B ' left changing lane 6-1, D right-hand rotation road 8-3 successively Reneing and extend tail end, B craspedodrome road 4-2 extends forward from initiating terminal to turn left across A left changing lane 3-1, A ' left changing lane 5-1, B ' successively 6-1, D right-hand rotation road, road 8-3 continues to extend to tail end, A ' craspedodrome road 5-2 extend forward from initiating terminal successively across A left changing lane 3-1, B left changing lane 4-1, D ' right-hand rotation road 10-3 continues to extend to tail end, and B ' craspedodrome road 6-2 extends forward left across A ' successively from initiating terminal 5-1, A left changing lane 3-1, B left changing lane 4-1, D ' right-hand rotation road 10-3 that makes a detour continues to extend to tail end;7-2, C ' craspedodrome road, C craspedodrome road 9-2, D craspedodrome road 8-2, D ' craspedodrome road 10-2 extends forward from initiating terminal all across 3-2, A ' craspedodrome road, A craspedodrome road 5-2, B craspedodrome 4-2, B ' craspedodrome road 6-2 follow-up reneing in road extends tail end and less than high level;Described cross-bridges 1 all craspedodromes road is all directly with vertical bridge 2 Between the difference in height that trade is formed, i.e. ground is provided with outward extending footpath 11, cross-bridges 1 and vertical bridge 2 both sides and all leaves and be available for The road of people's walking, the people of footpath 11 can continue to move ahead after making a detour.
The side of described A left changing lane 3-1, A ' left changing lane 5-1, C left changing lane 7-1, C ' left changing lane 9-1 is equipped with and is connected in respectively Making a detour 12 from the tune travelled in opposite directions on craspedodrome road, as in figure 2 it is shown, the custom usually travelled according to people, all tunes are made a detour 12 left sides being preferably arranged at left changing lane, it is simple to the tune of driving vehicle, effectively shorten turn around waiting and running time.
8-2, D ' craspedodrome road 10-2 all sides in the middle part of its track, 6-2, D craspedodrome road, 4-2, B ' craspedodrome road, described B craspedodrome road Carry out widening and tune track 13 is set, as it is shown on figure 3, need the vehicle then pre-decelerating of tune and travel on the Far Left in track Carry out tune direction running, do not affect and travel on the through vehicles that widened region travels, convenient and practical, effectively shorten waiting of turning around And running time.
Described B right-hand rotation road 4-3, B ' right-hand rotation road 6-3, D right-hand rotation road 8-3, D ' right-hand rotation road 10-3 is respectively at B craspedodrome road 4-2, B ' The right side of 6-2, D craspedodrome road, craspedodrome road 8-2, D ' craspedodrome road 10-2 is separately provided track, shortens the length of access bridge, thus effectively subtracts Few floor space.
Described A left changing lane 3-1, A right-hand rotation road 3-3, A ' left changing lane 5-1, A ' right-hand rotation road 5-3, C left changing lane 7-1, C right-hand rotation road 7-3, C ' left changing lane 9-1, C ' right-hand rotation road 9-3 is connected straight in 3-2, A ' craspedodrome road, A craspedodrome road 5-2, C craspedodrome road 7-2, C ' respectively The both sides of trade 9-2 initiating terminal, reduce floor space and reduce manufacturing cost, making the compact conformation of viaduct simultaneously.
Described B left changing lane 4-1, B ' left changing lane 6-1, D left changing lane 8-1, D ' left changing lane 10-1 is connected respectively in B craspedodrome road The left side of 8-2, D ' craspedodrome road, 6-2, D craspedodrome road, 4-2, B ' craspedodrome road 10-2 initiating terminal, reduces floor space and reduction is manufactured into This, make the compact conformation of viaduct simultaneously.
Described C right-hand rotation road 7-3 and C ' left changing lane 9-1 is connected in the side, rear end of A craspedodrome road 3-2 after aloft converging, and examines Considering to the length made a detour, the gradient and effectively control manufacturing cost, C right-hand rotation road 7-3 and C ' left changing lane 9-1 is best after aloft converging Being connected in the left side of A craspedodrome road 3-2, C left changing lane 7-1 and C ' right-hand rotation road 9-3 is connected in A ' craspedodrome road 5-2's after aloft converging Side, rear end, it is contemplated that length, the gradient made a detour and effectively control manufacturing cost, C left changing lane 7-1 and C ' right-hand rotation road 9-3 is at sky In converge after be preferably connected in the right side of A ' craspedodrome road 5-2, can effectively shorten the left and right length made a detour, reduce floor space, from And effectively reduce manufacturing cost.
Described A craspedodrome road 3-2, A ' craspedodrome road 5-2, B craspedodrome road 4-2, B ' craspedodrome road 6-2 all from respective initiating terminal first Rise the extensibility of structure risen after declining again after fall to keep straight on to tail end, 7-2, C ' craspedodrome road, C craspedodrome road 9-2, D craspedodrome road 8-2, D ' Road 10-2 all first rise from respective initiating terminal decline afterwards again rise after decline extensibility of structure to tail end, the most all craspedodrome roads exist Underground is interted with aerial, and the linking of craspedodrome road ascent stage is made a detour in the air, and descending branch is made a detour down, is ensureing all left and right turn Road has certain gradient, effectively shortens the left and right length made a detour in both sides, all craspedodrome roads, thus it is overall effectively to shorten viaduct Length.
Described all left and right gradients made a detour are 5%~10%, it is ensured that driving vehicle car can smooth and easy and can quickly through turn Road, effectively controls manufacturing cost simultaneously,
Described high level is air-layer, and low layer is subterranean layer, and all maximum heights made a detour of air-layer are 5~7m, ground The all lowest depth made a detour of lower floor are-5~-7m, it is ensured that driving vehicle smooth and easy and quickly through, be effectively manufactured into simultaneously This.
Certainly, the most simply combine accompanying drawing the preferred embodiments of the disclosure to be described in detail, not with this Limit the practical range of the present invention, the equivalence change that all principles under this invention, structure and structure are made, all should be covered by this In the protection domain of invention.

Claims (10)

1. an interchange viaduct for people's car layering, including cross-bridges (1) and vertical bridge (2), described cross-bridges (1) includes travelling in opposite directions First lane (1-1) and second lane (1-2), described vertical bridge (2) includes third lane (2-1) and the 4th car travelled in opposite directions Road (2-2), it is characterised in that: described first lane (1-1) is sequentially provided with A track (3) and B track from the outside to the core from initiating terminal (4), described second lane (1-2) is sequentially provided with A ' track (5) and B ' track (6), described 3rd car from the outside to the core from initiating terminal Road (2-1) is sequentially provided with C track (7) and D track (8) from the outside to the core from initiating terminal, and described Four-Lane Road (2-2) is from initiating terminal certainly The most all it is sequentially provided with C ' track (9) and D ' track (10);A, A ', B, B ', C, C ', D, D ' track (3,5,4,6,7,9,8, 10) left changing lane, craspedodrome road, right-hand rotation road, and all tracks it are equipped with interlaced and form low layer and high level;A, A ' track Left and right make a detour (3-1,3-3,5-1,5-3), B, B ' left changing lane (4-1,6-1), also D, D ' right-hand rotation road (8-3,10-3) is low Layer;B, B ' right-hand rotation road (4-3,6-3), and left and right make a detour (7-1,7-3,9-1, the 9-3) in C, C ' track, also D, D ' turns left Road (8-1,10-1) is high-rise;A craspedodrome road (3-2) extends forward from initiating terminal successively across A ' left changing lane (5-1), B ' left changing lane (6-1), D right-hand rotation road (8-3) continue to extend to tail end, B craspedodrome road (4-2) extends forward from initiating terminal successively across A left changing lane (3-1), A ' left changing lane (5-1), B ' left changing lane (6-1), D right-hand rotation road (8-3) continue to extend to tail end, A ' craspedodrome road is from initiating terminal Extending forward and continue to extend to tail end across A left changing lane (3-1), B left changing lane (4-1), D ' right-hand rotation road (10-3) successively, B ' keeps straight on Road extends forward from initiating terminal successively across A ' left changing lane (5-1), A left changing lane (3-1), B left changing lane (4-1), D ' right-hand rotation road (10-3) continue to extend to tail end;C, C ', D, D ' craspedodrome road (7-2,9-2,8-2,10-2) extend forward from initiating terminal all across Follow-up the reneing of A, A ', B, B ' craspedodrome road (3-2,5-2,4-2,6-2) extends tail end and less than high level;Described cross-bridges (1) is all directly It is provided with outward extending footpath (11) between the difference in height that trade and vertical bridge (2) all craspedodromes road are formed.
A kind of interchange viaduct of people's car layering, it is characterised in that: described A, A ', C, C ' is left The make a detour left side of (3-1,5-1,7-1,9-1) is equipped with the tune being connected in travelling on craspedodrome road the most in opposite directions and makes a detour (12).
A kind of interchange viaduct of people's car layering, it is characterised in that: described B, B ', D, D ' is straight Trade (4-2,6-2,8-2,10-2) all in the middle part of its track side carry out widening arrange tune track (13).
A kind of interchange viaduct of people's car layering, it is characterised in that: described B, B ', D, D ' is right Make a detour (4-3,6-3,8-3,10-3) be separately provided car on the right side of B, B ', D, D ' craspedodrome road (4-2,6-2,8-2,10-2) respectively Road.
A kind of interchange viaduct of people's car layering, it is characterised in that: described A, A ', C, C ' car Left and right make a detour (3-1,3-3,5-1,5-3,7-1,7-3,9-1, the 9-3) in road is connected respectively in A, A ', C, C ' craspedodrome road (3- 2,5-2,7-2,9-2) both sides of initiating terminal.
A kind of interchange viaduct of people's car layering, it is characterised in that: B, B ', D, D ' left changing lane (4-1,6-1,8-1,10-1) is connected respectively in the left side of B, B ', D, D ' craspedodrome road (4-2,6-2,8-2,10-2) initiating terminal.
A kind of interchange viaduct of people's car layering, it is characterised in that: described C right-hand rotation road (7-3) Being connected in the side, rear end in A craspedodrome road (3-2) after aloft converging with C ' left changing lane (9-1), C left changing lane (7-1) is turned right with C ' Road (9-3) is connected in the side, rear end of A ' craspedodrome road (5-2) after aloft converging.
A kind of interchange viaduct of people's car layering, it is characterised in that: described A, A ', B, B ' is straight The extensibility of structure that trade (3-2,5-2,4-2,6-2) rises after all rising decline again after respective initiating terminal falls before is to tail End, C, C ', D, D ' craspedodrome road (7-2,9-2,8-2,10-2) all first rise from respective initiating terminal decline afterwards rise again after decline Extensibility of structure to tail end.
9. according to the interchange viaduct of a kind of people's car layering described in claim 1~8 any one, it is characterised in that: all The left and right gradient made a detour is 5%~10%.
10. according to the interchange viaduct of a kind of people's car layering described in claim 1~8 any one, it is characterised in that: described High level is air-layer, and low layer is subterranean layer;And all maximum heights made a detour of air-layer are 5~7m, subterranean layer is all makes a detour Lowest depth is-5~-7m.
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CN100447336C (en) * 2005-12-28 2008-12-31 张宁 Single-layer completely intercommunicating flyover
KR100893329B1 (en) * 2008-07-18 2009-04-14 복 성 김 2-phase signal intersection system
CN101831850A (en) * 2010-04-09 2010-09-15 赵殿龙 Layered throughout connection type overpass
CN204825536U (en) * 2015-07-30 2015-12-02 钦州力达机械厂 Interchange bridge of people's car layering

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