CN101642045B - Greening soilless lawn for roof surface, production method and using method thereof - Google Patents

Greening soilless lawn for roof surface, production method and using method thereof Download PDF

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Publication number
CN101642045B
CN101642045B CN2009100702944A CN200910070294A CN101642045B CN 101642045 B CN101642045 B CN 101642045B CN 2009100702944 A CN2009100702944 A CN 2009100702944A CN 200910070294 A CN200910070294 A CN 200910070294A CN 101642045 B CN101642045 B CN 101642045B
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layer
main
lawn
water source
soilless
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CN101642045A (en
Inventor
孙永军
刘学功
杨树生
张振
齐勇
杨慧
武靖源
袁春波
刘桐
郝志香
何雅丽
齐伟
张华�
王建波
幺旺
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TIANJIN HYDRAULIC Research Institute
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TIANJIN WATER RESOURCES RESEARCH INSTITUTE
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02PCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES IN THE PRODUCTION OR PROCESSING OF GOODS
    • Y02P60/00Technologies relating to agriculture, livestock or agroalimentary industries
    • Y02P60/20Reduction of greenhouse gas [GHG] emissions in agriculture, e.g. CO2
    • Y02P60/21Dinitrogen oxide [N2O], e.g. using aquaponics, hydroponics or efficiency measures

Abstract

The invention relates to a greening soilless lawn for roof surface, a production method and a using method thereof. The greening soilless lawn consists of a main body of the soilless lawn, a root-proof layer, a humidity sensor, branch pipes, a trunk pipe, a shut-off valve and a main controller, wherein, the root-proof layer is arranged on a roof floor plate in a floor side wall, the main body of the soilless lawn is paved on the root-proof layer, the trunk pipe is connected with the branch pipes, at least one humidity sensor is arranged in the main body of the soilless lawn, the humidity sensor is connected with the main controller through an information control line, the trunk pipe is connected with a water source controller, the water source controller is connected with a water source which needs to supply, and the main body of the soilless lawn consists of a protection layer, a plant layer, a plant growth base layer, a pipeline layer, a nutrition water retention layer and a bottom protection layer. The greening soilless lawn has the advantages of scientific design, reasonable structure, convenient construction, low cost, post maintenance and management, significant ecological effect of purifying urban air, abilities of increasing the area of green land and improving the urban landscape, and the effects of absorbing floating dust, absorbing carbon dioxide, reducing noise, storing water, releasing oxygen and the like.

Description

Greening soilless lawn for roof surface and preparation method and using method
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of soilless culture lawn, relate in particular to a kind of greening soilless lawn for roof surface and preparation method and using method.
Background technology
At present, improving urban ecological environment aspect urban construction is one of important action, improves in the urban ecological environment based on urban afforestation.But the difficult problem of urban afforestation maximum is that the city lacks the soil, and the hardened face greening has caused people's attention in the city.Hardened face greening has absorption floating dust, absorbing carbon dioxide, noise-decreasing, retaining and puts effect such as oxygen, calculate through relevant department, build 5 square metres of greenery patchess in the down town, the suburban country and district that its effect of improving the ecological environment is equivalent in the city builds 1000 square metres greenery patches.It is ecological that hardened face greening simultaneously also has protection, regulates the climate, and purifies air, and the covering of shading reduces room temperature, noise and urban heat land effect.Because roofings such as roof armored concrete are through the solar radiation quick heating, reflection is strong, causes the roof day temperature higher 3 ℃ to 5 ℃ than ground, evening temperature because wind-force is big than low 2 ℃ to 3 ℃ of ground, cold and hot variation is big, and the roof of sudden and violent cold sudden-heat not too is beneficial to the growth on lawn again.In addition, wind-force is bigger on the roof, and moisture loss is very fast, does not have underground moisture to utilize, and is difficult to keep the skin wet.Roofing lawn be grown in resource-constrained a, ecotope comparatively abominable, be unfavorable in the ecotope of maintenance, unfavorable for the growth on lawn.In addition, the level ground bed of roofing lawn growth is also different with level ground, ground bed, should note avoiding the root system on lawn to destroy the housing roof structure, causes seepage, considers the load and nutrient reserve and the supply required to lawn growth of level ground bed on roof again.Because the inconvenience of load that the roof bears and turf establishment, management, the roof often adopts lawn extensive, natural style usually.Traditional roofing lawn mainly contains following two aspect deficiencies: one is soil layer thick more than 1 meter, has increased the load-bearing of building, has improved building cost; The 2nd, often water the infringement watertight composition.In developed countries such as Germany, Japan, the U.S., the hardened face greening is very general.What U.S. environmental protection mechanism and relevant department had formulated the countermeasure first-selection that alleviates tropical island effect for a long time is exactly to plant flowers, plants and trees on building periphery and roof; to reduce sunlight directly to the irradiation of building and reduce the heat absorption total amount; change people's mental attitude, promote social progress.Thus, the hardened face greening will be one of target of 21 century urban planning.
Summary of the invention
Main purpose of the present invention is to solve the above-mentioned problem that exists in the urban ecological environment of improving, and a kind of greening soilless lawn for roof surface and preparation method and using method are provided.
The technical solution adopted for the present invention to solve the technical problems is:
By the lawn soilless main body, constitute every root layer, humidity sensor, arm, main pipe, shutoff valve and master controller, be provided with on the roof floor slab in the roof abutment wall every the root layer, prevent that every the root layer root system of plant from destroying the surface of roof floor slab, cover the lawn soilless main body every root layer upper berth, arm in the pipeline layer of main pipe and lawn soilless main body is connected, between arm and the main pipe shutoff valve is set, shutoff valve control main pipe is carried the water source to arm, shutoff valve is connected with master controller by the information control line, receives the instruction of master controller.
The present invention lays on the roof of building, and roofing lawn matrix only has 2cm thick, and to compare roof load little with the conventional roof lawn, has heat insulation, sound insulation, leakproof and heats in cooling in summer, winter.Special the transpiration that lawn plant is powerful is taken away heat in the summer of sweltering heat, improves air humidity, increases the sensation of cool and comfortable; Dust in the absorbed air, noxious material etc. abate the noise, environment purification, and the roofing lawn good water-retaining property without man-made irrigation, can reduce the destruction to the roof, low, the easy construction of cost.At first apply every the root layer on the roof floor slab upper berth, every the root layer is a kind of plastic products of the lenticular hollow stud structure that has, can prevent effectively that root system of plant from destroying roof surface, possess functions such as structure retaining, draining, ventilative, insulation, heat insulation and root thorn prevention simultaneously.Laying the lawn soilless main body on the root layer, the lawn soilless main body is one of critical piece of growth grass seeds plant; Main pipe is connected with shutoff valve with arm, and main pipe, arm and shutoff valve are the critical pieces of carrying the water source, and main pipe adopts iron pipe, and plastic tube, rubber tube are made; Shutoff valve is connected with master controller by the information control line, and shutoff valve, information control line and master controller are one of control system parts.
Place at least 1 humidity sensor in the lawn soilless main body, humidity sensor is connected with master controller by the information control line, and the data information transfer that humidity sensor was collected is given master controller.
The present invention places humidity sensor according to designing requirement in the lawn soilless main body, the quantity of humidity sensor is according to the setting of design needs, the humidity sensor formation drip irrigation system that combines with main pipe, arm and water dropper, when reaching when preestablishing the highest humidity, drip irrigation system promptly can quit work; During less than the minimum humidity of setting, drip irrigation system is opened automatically.Humidity sensor is connected with master controller by the information control line, and humidity sensor, information control line and master controller are one of control system parts.
Main pipe is connected with the water source controller, the water source controller is connected with the water source of required supply, keying control by the water source controller is carried the water source to main pipe, and the water source controller is connected with master controller by the information control line, receives the instruction of master controller.
The water source is the arm that flows to the lawn soilless main body by main pipe, controller control water source, water source enters main pipe, the water source controller is accepted the instruction of master controller by the information control line, open and close the conveying at control water source, water source controller, humidity sensor, information control line and master controller are one of control system parts.
The lawn soilless main body is by protective layer; layer of plants; plant growing basic unit; the pipeline layer; nutrition water conservation layer and protective underlayer layer constitute; between protective layer and protective underlayer layer, layer of plants is set; top soil; pipeline layer and nutrition water conservation layer; nutrition water conservation layer and pipeline layer are set between protective underlayer layer and the top soil; nutrition water conservation layer is set on the protective underlayer layer; place the peat composed of rotten mosses in the nutrition water conservation layer; water-loss reducer and slow-release fertilizer; ratio is 100: 20: 1; for the plant of layer of plants keeps moisture and nutrient is provided, by protective underlayer layer and top soil the arm and the peat composed of rotten mosses; water-loss reducer and slow-release fertilizer fixedly are laid in pipeline layer and the nutrition water conservation layer separately.
The main body of lawn growth on the lawn soilless main body wraps grass-seed, fertilizer and pipeline by protective layer, plant growing basic unit and protective underlayer layer, constitutes the carrier of plant growing, allows plant growing.The peat composed of rotten mosses, water-loss reducer and slow-release fertilizer are set on the protective underlayer layer constitute nutrition water conservation layer, arm is set on the nutrition water conservation layer constitutes the pipeline layer, grass-seed is set on the pipeline layer constitutes top soil, protective layer is set on the top soil.In the nutrition water conservation layer peat composed of rotten mosses, water-loss reducer and slow-release fertilizer are set, the peat composed of rotten mosses is carrier to be provided and to provide nutrient for plant growing for water-loss reducer; Water-loss reducer is to keep moisture, reduces water evaporates and runs off; Slow-release fertilizer is to provide nutrient for the plant early growth.
On the nutrition water conservation layer pipeline layer is set, lays arm in the pipeline layer, install water dropper at interval on the arm, in the lawn soilless main body, carry water source and nutriment by arm.
Arm is the hydraulic pipeline that adopts polythene material to make, on arm, install a water dropper every a determining deviation by designing requirement, water dropper is to make current through small duct, form energy loss, reduce its pressure, mode with drop splashes into, and arm can under low pressure constantly drip slowly, carries water source and nutriment.
Between top soil and the protective layer layer of plants is set; on the pipeline layer top soil is set; layer of plants is set on top soil; sow plant seed in the layer of plants; plant seed is selected at least a kind of the grass-seed of 10000 years grass of perennial ryegrass, Festuca Arundinacea, spire fescue grass, chewing fescue, thin and delicate creeping bentgrass, the stem creeping bentgrass of crawling, Herba Stenotaphri helferi, Bermuda, Korea lawn grass, buffalograss, carpetweed, stringy stonecrop, chrysanthemum for use; protective layer is set on the layer of plants, plant seed is stabilized in the layer of plants by top soil and protective layer.
Top soil is for grass-seed provides growing carrier, and protective layer prevents that for the protection grass-seed grass-seed is by wind, Shui Chong.Top soil is with protective layer parcel grass-seed, and top soil is with protective underlayer layer parcel arm, the peat composed of rotten mosses, water-loss reducer and slow-release fertilizer.Grass seeds in the layer of plants can be selected single kind according to the design needs, also can select a plurality of kinds.
Acupuncture is connected the lawn soilless main body with the protective underlayer layer with protective layer, layer of plants, plant growing basic unit, pipeline layer, nutrition water conservation layer by acupuncture; between protective layer, top soil and protective underlayer layer, form acupuncture and even thread, connect the lawn soilless main body in aggregates.
The shop has been applied protective layer, layer of plants, plant growing basic unit, pipeline layer, nutrition water conservation layer and protective underlayer layer and has been constituted the lawn soilless main body; adopt needing machine that the lawn soilless main body is carried out acupuncture; protective layer, plant growing basic unit and protective underlayer layer are to adopt geotextile or animal and plant fiber or waste and old cotton-wadded quilt material to make; after the needing machine acupuncture between protective layer plant growing basic unit and protective underlayer layer acupuncture become acupuncture to connect to thread; each layer of lawn soilless main body is combined with each other, constitutes the lawn soilless main body.
The protective layer of lawn soilless main body, top soil and protective underlayer basic unit adopt geotextile or animal and plant fiber or waste and old cotton-wadded quilt material to make; in protective underlayer basic unit, make nutrition water conservation layer; nutrition water conservation layer adopts the peat composed of rotten mosses, water-loss reducer and slow-release fertilizer to mix; its ratio is 100: 20: 1; the shop is applied and constitute nutrition water conservation layer on the protective underlayer layer; the peat composed of rotten mosses and slow-release fertilizer provide nutrient for plant growing, and water-loss reducer is that plant growing keeps moisture, reduces water evaporates and runs off.
Protective layer, plant growing basic unit and protective underlayer layer are to adopt geotextile or animal and plant fiber or waste and old cotton-wadded quilt material to make, and top soil is with protective underlayer layer parcel arm, the peat composed of rotten mosses, water-loss reducer and slow-release fertilizer.The peat composed of rotten mosses is carrier to be provided and to provide nutrient for plant growing for water-loss reducer; The water-loss reducer tool is made by the macromolecular material of very strong water absorbing capacity, and the highest water absorbing capacity can reach more than 1000 times of own wt, and water-loss reducer can reduce water evaporates, can discharge moisture when plant needs moisture, uses water-loss reducer can reduce the number of times that waters.Slow-release fertilizer is exactly to wrap the very thin hydrophobic substance of one deck on the chemical fertilizer granule surface, be made into the coating chemical fertilizer, moisture can enter from the micropore of coating in the slow-release fertilizer, the nutrient of chemical fertilizer in the dissolving coating, nutrient to the film external diffusion, is constantly supplied with crop by micropore, promptly the fertilizer nutrient rate of release is adjusted, discharge nutrient according to the crop demand, reach the dynamic equilibrium of element fertilizer providing intensity and plant physiology demand.The slow-release fertilizer that the present invention adopts is coating urea, overlay film urea, long-term efficiency bicarbonate ammonium, CA, CR fertilizer.
Lay arm on the nutrition water conservation layer and constitute pipe layers, dropper is set on the arm at interval, arm adopts polythene material to make, by arm to lawn soilless body delivery water source and nutrient.
Arm is the hydraulic pipeline that adopts polythene material to make, on arm, install a water dropper every a determining deviation by designing requirement, water dropper is to make current through small duct, form energy loss, reduce its pressure, mode with drop splashes into, and arm can under low pressure constantly drip slowly, carries water source and nutriment.
Lay top soil on the pipeline layer, top soil is to provide growing carrier for plant; The grass-seed of sowing perennial ryegrass, Festuca Arundinacea, spire fescue grass, chewing fescue, thin and delicate creeping bentgrass, the stem creeping bentgrass of crawling, Herba Stenotaphri helferi, Bermuda, Korea lawn grass, buffalograss, carpetweed, stringy stonecrop, 10000 years grass of chrysanthemum on the top soil constitutes layer of plants at least a kind; protective layer is covered on the layer of plants upper berth, and protective layer prevents grass-seed wind, the Shui Chong of layer of plants.
Protective layer, plant growing basic unit and protective underlayer layer are to adopt geotextile or animal and plant fiber or waste and old cotton-wadded quilt material to make, and top soil is with protective layer parcel grass-seed.Grass seeds in the layer of plants can be selected single kind according to the design needs, also can select a plurality of kinds.
The lawn soilless main body that the shop has been applied is carried out acupuncture with needing machine; acupuncture is connected with the protective underlayer layer with protective layer, layer of plants, plant growing basic unit, pipeline layer, nutrition water conservation layer by acupuncture; forming acupuncture between protective layer, top soil and protective underlayer layer even threads; in aggregates the lawn soilless body making; be rolled into coiled material, the packing warehouse-in.
The shop has been applied protective layer, layer of plants, plant growing basic unit, pipeline layer, nutrition water conservation layer and protective underlayer layer and has been constituted the lawn soilless main body; adopt needing machine that the lawn soilless main body is carried out acupuncture; protective layer, plant growing basic unit and protective underlayer layer are to adopt geotextile or animal and plant fiber or waste and old cotton-wadded quilt material to make; after the needing machine acupuncture between protective layer plant growing basic unit and protective underlayer layer acupuncture become acupuncture to connect to thread; each layer of lawn soilless main body is combined with each other, constitutes the lawn soilless main body.
Roof floor slab upper berth in the roof abutment wall is covered every the root layer, adopts HDPE, EVA, ECD, XPE or PPV material to make every the root layer, is rolled into coiled material, the packing warehouse-in.
Adopt materials such as HDPE, EVA, ECD, XPE or PPV to make every the root layer, every the root layer is a kind of plastic products of the lenticular hollow stud structure that has, can prevent effectively that root system of plant from destroying roof surface, possess functions such as structure retaining, draining, ventilative, insulation, heat insulation and root thorn prevention simultaneously.
Foreign material on the roof floor slab of cleaning building, smooth the surface dressing of roof floor slab, open external packing every the root layer, smooth shop is covered every the root layer on the roof floor slab in the roof abutment wall, applying on roof floor slab according to the smooth shop of designing requirement every the root layer, gauffer can not be arranged, keep smooth every the root layer.
Open the external packing of lawn soilless main body, lawn soilless main body shop overlayed on the root layer according to designing requirement, the lawn soilless main body with stick every the root layer is smooth, gauffer can not be arranged, keep the lawn soilless main body smooth.
The level ground bed of roofing lawn growth and the level ground bed of ground surface lawn are completely different, should note avoiding the root system on lawn to destroy the housing roof structure, cause seepage, consider the load and nutrient reserve and the supply required to lawn growth of level ground bed on roof again.At first, the roof floor slab of needs plantation roofing lawn is cleaned out, it is smooth that roof floor slab keeps, and is convenient to spread deposited roofing lawn.Apply every the root layer on the roof floor slab upper berth, it is smooth that roof floor slab smooth could guarantee to apply every root layer shop, could guarantee that every root layer smooth the lawn soilless main body spreads deposited smoothly, and the lawn soilless main body is spread deposited smooth grass-seed and could be grown well.
Main pipe is laid at edge along the lawn soilless main body, arm in the pipeline layer of main pipe and lawn soilless main body is connected, and installs shutoff valve between arm and the main pipe, and shutoff valve is installed the information control line, and be connected with master controller, receive the instruction of master controller by the information control line.
Main pipe is a hydraulic pipeline, can adopt iron pipe, plastic tube or rubber tube, arm is the hydraulic pipeline that adopts polythene material to make, install a water dropper by designing requirement every a determining deviation on arm, water dropper is to make current through small duct, forms energy loss, reduce its pressure, mode with drop splashes into, and arm can under low pressure constantly drip slowly, carries water source and nutriment.
In the lawn soilless main body by establishing humidity sensor, according at least 1 humidity sensor in the designing requirement lawn soilless main body, humidity sensor is installed the information control line, and is connected with master controller, gives master controller by the data information transfer that the information control line was collected humidity sensor.
Place humidity sensor in the lawn soilless main body according to designing requirement turf plant on roof floor slab, the quantity of humidity sensor is according to the setting of design needs, the humidity sensor formation drip irrigation system that combines with main pipe, arm and water dropper, when reaching when preestablishing the highest humidity, drip irrigation system promptly can quit work; During less than the minimum humidity of setting, drip irrigation system is opened automatically.
Install the water source controller according to designing requirement main pipe end, the water source controller is connected with the water source of required supply, install the information control line on the water source controller, and be connected with master controller, the water source controller is by the information control line, receive the instruction of master controller, open and close water source controller control and carry the water source to main pipe.
The humidity data information of collecting the lawn soilless main body when humidity sensor is lower than setting value, and humidity sensor is transferred to master controller to the humidity data information of collecting the lawn soilless main body.
Master controller is received the humidity data information that humidity sensor comes by the transmission of information control line, after data are handled, the humidity data information that shows the lawn soilless main body is lower than setting value, and master controller sends open command by the information control line to water source controller and shutoff valve.
Water source controller and shutoff valve are received master controller and are sent open command by the information control line, open the water source controller of main pipe end and the shutoff valve on the unlatching arm, and the water source is carried in the lawn soilless main body by main pipe, arm and dropper.
The water source enters nutrition water conservation layer from the pipeline layer of lawn soilless main body, the peat composed of rotten mosses, water-loss reducer and the slow-release fertilizer of water source and nutrition water conservation layer is fused, the water source of the fused peat composed of rotten mosses, water-loss reducer and slow-release fertilizer infiltrates layer of plants, the grass-seed of layer of plants is germinateed in plant growing basic unit, grow, grass seeds is grown on the lawn soilless main body.
The humidity data information of collecting the lawn soilless main body when humidity sensor is higher than setting value, and humidity sensor is transferred to master controller to the humidity data information of collecting the lawn soilless main body.
Master controller is received the humidity data information that humidity sensor comes by the transmission of information control line, after data are handled, the humidity data information that shows the lawn soilless main body is higher than setting value, and master controller sends out code by the information control line to water source controller and shutoff valve.
Water source controller and shutoff valve are received master controller and are sent out code by the information control line, close the water source controller of main pipe end and close shutoff valve on the arm, stop to carry the water source to give the lawn soilless main body.
The present invention is greening soilless lawn for roof surface and preparation method and using method.Design science; rational in infrastructure; easy construction; cost is low; the later stage maintenance management; but the purifying city air has significant ecological effect; also can increase greenery area, improve urban look, have the absorption floating dust; absorbing carbon dioxide; noise-decreasing; retaining and put effects such as oxygen; it is ecological to help protection; regulate the climate; purify air; the covering of shading; reduce room temperature; noise and urban heat land effect; save water and energy; environmental benefit is huge, can cultivate one's taste; change people's mental attitude, promote social progress; help the performance of the various functions in city, establish good city image.Meeting the town ecological environmental construction, is a utility that social benefit is arranged very much, to the northern modernized metropolis water saving of serious water shortage, afforest and improve the ecological environment of far-reaching significance.Simultaneously can also be applied to bank protection and the vertical barricade of concrete that urban environment beautifies and hardened, range of application is very extensive.
Description of drawings
Below in conjunction with drawings and Examples to the detailed description of the invention.
The cross-sectional schematic of the lawn soilless main body of Fig. 1 greening soilless lawn for roof surface
The cross-sectional schematic of Fig. 2 greening soilless lawn for roof surface
The control schematic diagram of Fig. 3 greening soilless lawn for roof surface
The roofing schematic diagram of Fig. 4 greening soilless lawn for roof surface
The control block diagram of Fig. 5 greening soilless lawn for roof surface
1 protective layer, 2 layer of plants, 3 plant growing basic units; 4 pipeline layers, 5 nutrition water conservation layers, 6 protective underlayer layers; 7 every the root layer, 8 roof floor slabs, 9 humidity sensors; 10 arms, 11 main pipes, 12 master controllers; 13 information control lines, 14 roof abutment walls, 15 acupunctures connect threads; 16 lawn soilless main bodys, 17 shutoff valves, 18 water source controllers
Embodiment
Embodiment 1
By lawn soilless main body (16), every root layer (7), humidity sensor (9), arm (10), main pipe (11), shutoff valve (17) and master controller (12) constitute, roof floor slab (8) in the roof abutment wall (14) is gone up and is provided with every root layer (7), prevent that every root layer (7) root system of plant from destroying the surface of roof floor slab (8), cover lawn soilless main body (16) every root layer (7) upper berth, arm (10) in the pipeline layer (4) of main pipe (11) and lawn soilless main body (16) is connected, between arm (10) and the main pipe (11) shutoff valve (17) is set, shutoff valve (17) control main pipe (11) is carried the water source to arm (10), shutoff valve (17) is connected with master controller (12) by information control line (13), receives the instruction of master controller (12).
Place at least 1 humidity sensor (9) in the lawn soilless main body (16), humidity sensor (9) is connected with master controller (12) by information control line (13), and the data information transfer that humidity sensor (9) was collected is given master controller (12).
Main pipe (11) is connected with water source controller (18), water source controller (18) is connected with the water source of required supply, keying control by water source controller (18) is carried the water source to main pipe (11), water source controller (18) is connected with master controller (12) by information control line (13), receive the instruction of master controller (12), as Fig. 1, Fig. 2, Fig. 3, shown in Figure 4.
Embodiment 2
Lawn soilless main body (16) is by protective layer (1); layer of plants (2); plant growing basic unit (3); pipeline layer (4); nutrition water conservation layer (5) and protective underlayer layer (6) constitute; between protective layer (1) and protective underlayer layer (6), layer of plants (2) is set; top soil (3); pipeline layer (4) and nutrition water conservation layer (5); nutrition water conservation layer (5) and pipeline layer (4) are set between protective underlayer layer (6) and the top soil (3); nutrition water conservation layer (5) is set on the protective underlayer layer (6); place the peat composed of rotten mosses in the nutrition water conservation layer (5); water-loss reducer and slow-release fertilizer; ratio is 100: 20: 1; for the plant of layer of plants (2) keeps moisture and nutrient is provided, by protective underlayer layer (6) and top soil (3) the arm (10) and the peat composed of rotten mosses; water-loss reducer and slow-release fertilizer fixedly are laid in pipeline layer (4) and the nutrition water conservation layer (5) separately.
Pipeline layer (4) is set on the nutrition water conservation layer (5), lays arm (10) in the pipeline layer (4), arm (10) is gone up at interval and is installed water dropper, carries water source and nutriment by arm (10) in lawn soilless main body (16).
Between top soil (3) and the protective layer (1) layer of plants (2) is set; top soil (3) is set on the pipeline layer (4); layer of plants (2) is set on top soil (3); layer of plants is sowed plant seed in (2); plant seed is selected perennial ryegrass for use; Festuca Arundinacea; the spire fescue grass; chewing fescue; thin and delicate creeping bentgrass; the stem creeping bentgrass of crawling; Herba Stenotaphri helferi; Bermuda; Korea lawn grass; buffalograss; carpetweed; stringy stonecrop; at least a kind of the grass-seed of 10000 years grass of chrysanthemum; protective layer (1) is set on the layer of plants (2), plant seed is stabilized in the layer of plants (2) by top soil (3) and protective layer (1).
Acupuncture is connected lawn soilless main body (16) with protective underlayer layer (6) with protective layer (1), layer of plants (2), plant growing basic unit (3), pipeline layer (4), nutrition water conservation layer (5) by acupuncture; between protective layer (1), top soil (3) and protective underlayer layer (6), form acupuncture and connect thread (15); in aggregates lawn soilless main body (16) connection, as shown in Figure 1 and Figure 2.
Embodiment 3
The protective layer (1) of lawn soilless main body (16), top soil (3) and protective underlayer basic unit (6) adopt geotextile or animal and plant fiber or waste and old cotton-wadded quilt material to make; go up making nutrition water conservation layer (5) in protective underlayer basic unit (6); nutrition water conservation layer (5) adopts the peat composed of rotten mosses, water-loss reducer and slow-release fertilizer to mix; its ratio is 100: 20: 1; the shop is applied at protective underlayer layer (6) and is gone up formation nutrition water conservation layer (5); the peat composed of rotten mosses and slow-release fertilizer provide nutrient for plant growing; water-loss reducer is that plant growing keeps moisture, reduces water evaporates and runs off.
Lay arm (10) on the nutrition water conservation layer (5) and constitute pipe layers (4), arm (10) is gone up dropper is set at interval, and arm (10) adopts polythene material to make, and carries water source and nutrient by arm (10) to lawn soilless main body (16).
Pipeline layer (4) is gone up and is laid top soil (3), and top soil (3) is to provide growing carrier for plant; The grass-seed of sowing perennial ryegrass, Festuca Arundinacea, spire fescue grass, chewing fescue, thin and delicate creeping bentgrass, the stem creeping bentgrass of crawling, Herba Stenotaphri helferi, Bermuda, Korea lawn grass, buffalograss, carpetweed, stringy stonecrop, 10000 years grass of chrysanthemum on the top soil (3) constitutes layer of plants (2) at least a kind; protective layer (1) is covered on layer of plants (2) upper berth, and protective layer (1) prevents grass-seed wind, the Shui Chong of layer of plants (2).
The lawn soilless main body (16) that the shop has been applied is carried out acupuncture with needing machine; acupuncture is connected with protective underlayer layer (6) with protective layer (1), layer of plants (2), plant growing basic unit (3), pipeline layer (4), nutrition water conservation layer (5) by acupuncture; between protective layer (1), top soil (3) and protective underlayer layer (6), form acupuncture and connect thread (15); make lawn soilless main body (16) in aggregates; be rolled into coiled material; the packing warehouse-in, as shown in Figure 1 and Figure 2.
Embodiment 4
Roof floor slab (8) upper berth in the roof abutment wall (14) is covered every root layer (7), adopts HDPE, EVA, ECD, XPE or PPV material to make every root layer (7), is rolled into coiled material, and the packing warehouse-in is as Fig. 2, shown in Figure 4.
Embodiment 5
Foreign material on the roof floor slab (8) of cleaning building, smooth the surface dressing of roof floor slab (8), open external packing every root layer (7), roof floor slab (8) in the roof abutment wall (14) is gone up smooth shop and is covered every root layer (7), applying on roof floor slab (8) smooth shop according to designing requirement every root layer (7), gauffer can not be arranged, keep smooth every root layer (7).
Open lawn soilless main body (16) external packing, lawn soilless main body (16) shop overlayed on root layer (7) according to designing requirement, lawn soilless main body (16) with stick every the root layer is smooth, gauffer can not be arranged, keep lawn soilless main body (16) smooth.
Main pipe (11) is laid at edge along lawn soilless main body (16), arm (10) in the pipeline layer (4) of main pipe (11) and lawn soilless main body (16) is connected, install shutoff valve (17) between arm (10) and the main pipe (11), shutoff valve (17) is installed information control line (13), and be connected with master controller (12), receive the instruction of master controller (12) by information control line (13).
In lawn soilless main body (16) by establishing humidity sensor (9), according at least 1 humidity sensor (9) in the designing requirement lawn soilless main body (16), humidity sensor (9) is installed information control line (13), and be connected with master controller (12), give master controller (12) by the data information transfer that information control line (13) was collected humidity sensor (9).
Install water source controller (18) according to designing requirement main pipe (11) end, water source controller (18) is connected with the water source of required supply, install information control line (13) on the water source controller (18), and be connected with master controller (12), water source controller (18) is by information control line (13), receive the instruction of master controller (12), open and close water source controller (18) control and carry the water source, as Fig. 1, Fig. 2, Fig. 3, Fig. 4, shown in Figure 5 to main pipe (11).
Embodiment 6
The humidity data information of collecting lawn soilless main body (16) when humidity sensor (9) is lower than setting value, and humidity sensor (9) is transferred to master controller (12) to the humidity data information of collecting lawn soilless main body (16).
Master controller (12) is received the humidity data information that humidity sensor (9) comes by information control line (13) transmission, after data are handled, the humidity data information that shows lawn soilless main body (16) is lower than setting value, and master controller (12) sends open command by information control line (13) to water source controller (18) and shutoff valve (17).
Water source controller (18) and shutoff valve (17) are received master controller (12) and are sent open command by information control line (13), open the water source controller (18) of main pipe (11) end and the shutoff valve (17) on the unlatching arm (10), the water source is carried in the lawn soilless main body (16) by main pipe (11), arm (10) and dropper.
The water source enters nutrition water conservation layer (5) from the pipeline layer (4) of lawn soilless main body (16), the peat composed of rotten mosses, water-loss reducer and the slow-release fertilizer of water source and nutrition water conservation layer (5) is fused, the water source of the fused peat composed of rotten mosses, water-loss reducer and slow-release fertilizer infiltrates layer of plants (2), make the grass-seed of layer of plants (2) go up germination, growth in plant growing basic unit (3), grass seeds is gone up growth in lawn soilless main body (16), as Fig. 1, Fig. 2, Fig. 3, Fig. 4, shown in Figure 5.
Embodiment 7
The humidity data information of collecting lawn soilless main body (16) when humidity sensor (9) is higher than setting value, and humidity sensor (9) is transferred to master controller (12) to the humidity data information of collecting lawn soilless main body (16).
Master controller (12) is received the humidity data information that humidity sensor (9) comes by information control line (13) transmission, after data are handled, the humidity data information that shows lawn soilless main body (16) is higher than setting value, and master controller (12) sends out code by information control line (13) to water source controller (18) and shutoff valve (17).
Water source controller (18) and shutoff valve (17) are received master controller (12) and are sent out code by information control line (13), close the water source controller (18) of main pipe (11) end and close shutoff valve (17) on the arm (10), stop to carry the water source to give lawn soilless main body (16), as Fig. 1, Fig. 2, Fig. 3, Fig. 4, shown in Figure 5.

Claims (3)

1. greening soilless lawn for roof surface, it is characterized in that by lawn soilless main body (16), every root layer (7), humidity sensor (9), arm (10), main pipe (11), shutoff valve (17) and master controller (12) constitute, roof floor slab (8) in the roof abutment wall (14) is gone up and is provided with every root layer (7), prevent that every root layer (7) root system of plant from destroying the surface of roof floor slab (8), cover lawn soilless main body (16) every root layer (7) upper berth, arm (10) in the pipeline layer (4) of main pipe (11) and lawn soilless main body (16) is connected, between arm (10) and the main pipe (11) shutoff valve (17) is set, shutoff valve (17) control main pipe (11) is carried the water source to arm (10), shutoff valve (17) is connected with master controller (12) by information control line (13), receives the instruction of master controller (12); Place at least 1 humidity sensor (9) in the lawn soilless main body (16), humidity sensor (9) is connected with master controller (12) by information control line (13), and the data information transfer that humidity sensor (9) was collected is given master controller (12); Main pipe (11) is connected with water source controller (18), water source controller (18) is connected with the water source of required supply, keying control by water source controller (18) is carried the water source to main pipe (11), water source controller (18) is connected with master controller (12) by information control line (13), receives the instruction of master controller (12); Lawn soilless main body (16) is by protective layer (1), layer of plants (2), plant growing basic unit (3), pipeline layer (4), nutrition water conservation layer (5) and protective underlayer layer (6) constitute, between protective layer (1) and protective underlayer layer (6), layer of plants (2) is set, top soil (3), pipeline layer (4) and nutrition water conservation layer (5), nutrition water conservation layer (5) and pipeline layer (4) are set between protective underlayer layer (6) and the top soil (3), nutrition water conservation layer (5) is set on the protective underlayer layer (6), place the peat composed of rotten mosses in the nutrition water conservation layer (5), water-loss reducer and slow-release fertilizer, ratio is 100: 20: 1, for the plant of layer of plants (2) keeps moisture and nutrient is provided, by protective underlayer layer (6) and top soil (3) the arm (10) and the peat composed of rotten mosses, water-loss reducer and slow-release fertilizer fixedly are laid in pipeline layer (4) and the nutrition water conservation layer (5) separately; Pipeline layer (4) is set on the nutrition water conservation layer (5), lays arm (10) in the pipeline layer (4), arm (10) is gone up at interval and is installed water dropper, carries water source and nutriment by arm (10) in lawn soilless main body (16); Between top soil (3) and the protective layer (1) layer of plants (2) is set, top soil (3) is set on the pipeline layer (4), layer of plants (2) is set on top soil (3), layer of plants is sowed plant seed in (2), plant seed is selected perennial ryegrass for use, Festuca Arundinacea, the spire fescue grass, chewing fescue, thin and delicate creeping bentgrass, the stem creeping bentgrass of crawling, Herba Stenotaphri helferi, Bermuda, Korea lawn grass, buffalograss, carpetweed, stringy stonecrop, at least a kind of the grass-seed of 10000 years grass of chrysanthemum, protective layer (1) is set on the layer of plants (2), plant seed is stabilized in the layer of plants (2) by top soil (3) and protective layer (1); Acupuncture is connected lawn soilless main body (16) with protective underlayer layer (6) with protective layer (1), layer of plants (2), plant growing basic unit (3), pipeline layer (4), nutrition water conservation layer (5) by acupuncture; between protective layer (1), top soil (3) and protective underlayer layer (6), form acupuncture and even thread (15), connect lawn soilless main body (16) in aggregates.
2. the preparation method of a greening soilless lawn for roof surface, the protective layer (1) that it is characterized in that lawn soilless main body (16), top soil (3) and protective underlayer basic unit (6) adopt geotextile or moving, vegetable fiber or waste and old cotton-wadded quilt material are made, go up making nutrition water conservation layer (5) in protective underlayer basic unit (6), nutrition water conservation layer (5) adopts the peat composed of rotten mosses, water-loss reducer and slow-release fertilizer mix, its ratio is 100: 20: 1, the shop is applied at protective underlayer layer (6) and is gone up formation nutrition water conservation layer (5), the peat composed of rotten mosses and slow-release fertilizer provide nutrient for plant growing, water-loss reducer is that plant growing keeps moisture, reduces water evaporates and runs off; Lay arm (10) on the nutrition water conservation layer (5) and constitute pipe layers (4), arm (10) is gone up dropper is set at interval, and arm (10) adopts polythene material to make, and carries water source and nutrient by arm (10) to lawn soilless main body (16); Pipeline layer (4) is gone up and is laid top soil (3), and top soil (3) is to provide growing carrier for plant; The grass-seed of sowing perennial ryegrass, Festuca Arundinacea, spire fescue grass, chewing fescue, thin and delicate creeping bentgrass, the stem creeping bentgrass of crawling, Herba Stenotaphri helferi, Bermuda, Korea lawn grass, buffalograss, carpetweed, stringy stonecrop, 10000 years grass of chrysanthemum on the top soil (3) constitutes layer of plants (2) at least a kind, protective layer (1) is covered on layer of plants (2) upper berth, and protective layer (1) prevents grass-seed wind, the Shui Chong of layer of plants (2); The lawn soilless main body (16) that the shop has been applied is carried out acupuncture with needing machine, acupuncture is connected with protective underlayer layer (6) with protective layer (1), layer of plants (2), plant growing basic unit (3), pipeline layer (4), nutrition water conservation layer (5) by acupuncture, between protective layer (1), top soil (3) and protective underlayer layer (6), form acupuncture and connect thread (15), make lawn soilless main body (16) in aggregates, be rolled into coiled material, the packing warehouse-in; Roof floor slab (8) upper berth in the roof abutment wall (14) is covered every root layer (7), adopts HDPE, EVA, ECD, XPE or PPV material to make every root layer (7), is rolled into coiled material, the packing warehouse-in.
3. the using method of a greening soilless lawn for roof surface, it is characterized in that clearing up the foreign material on the roof floor slab (8) of building, smooth the surface dressing of roof floor slab (8), open external packing every root layer (7), roof floor slab (8) in the roof abutment wall (14) is gone up smooth shop and is covered every root layer (7), applying on roof floor slab (8) smooth shop according to designing requirement every root layer (7), gauffer can not be arranged, keep smooth every root layer (7); Open lawn soilless main body (16) external packing, lawn soilless main body (16) shop overlayed on root layer (7) according to designing requirement, lawn soilless main body (16) with stick every the root layer is smooth, gauffer can not be arranged, keep lawn soilless main body (16) smooth; Main pipe (11) is laid at edge along lawn soilless main body (16), arm (10) in the pipeline layer (4) of main pipe (11) and lawn soilless main body (16) is connected, install shutoff valve (17) between arm (10) and the main pipe (11), shutoff valve (17) is installed information control line (13), and be connected with master controller (12), receive the instruction of master controller (12) by information control line (13); In lawn soilless main body (16) by establishing humidity sensor (9), according at least 1 humidity sensor (9) in the designing requirement lawn soilless main body (16), humidity sensor (9) is installed information control line (13), and be connected with master controller (12), give master controller (12) by the data information transfer that information control line (13) was collected humidity sensor (9); Install water source controller (18) according to designing requirement main pipe (11) end, water source controller (18) is connected with the water source of required supply, install information control line (13) on the water source controller (18), and be connected with master controller (12), water source controller (18) is by information control line (13), receive the instruction of master controller (12), open and close water source controller (18) control and carry the water source to main pipe (11); The humidity data information of collecting lawn soilless main body (16) when humidity sensor (9) is lower than setting value, and humidity sensor (9) is transferred to master controller (12) to the humidity data information of collecting lawn soilless main body (16); Master controller (12) is received the humidity data information that humidity sensor (9) comes by information control line (13) transmission, after data are handled, the humidity data information that shows lawn soilless main body (16) is lower than setting value, and master controller (12) sends open command by information control line (13) to water source controller (18) and shutoff valve (17); Water source controller (18) and shutoff valve (17) are received master controller (12) and are sent open command by information control line (13), open the water source controller (18) of main pipe (11) end and the shutoff valve (17) on the unlatching arm (10), the water source is carried in the lawn soilless main body (16) by main pipe (11), arm (10) and dropper; The water source enters nutrition water conservation layer (5) from the pipeline layer (4) of lawn soilless main body (16), the peat composed of rotten mosses, water-loss reducer and the slow-release fertilizer of water source and nutrition water conservation layer (5) is fused, the water source of the fused peat composed of rotten mosses, water-loss reducer and slow-release fertilizer infiltrates layer of plants (2), make the grass-seed of layer of plants (2) go up germination, growth in plant growing basic unit (3), grass seeds is gone up growth in lawn soilless main body (16); The humidity data information of collecting lawn soilless main body (16) when humidity sensor (9) is higher than setting value, and humidity sensor (9) is transferred to master controller (12) to the humidity data information of collecting lawn soilless main body (16); Master controller (12) is received the humidity data information that humidity sensor (9) comes by information control line (13) transmission, after data are handled, the humidity data information that shows lawn soilless main body (16) is higher than setting value, and master controller (12) sends out code by information control line (13) to water source controller (18) and shutoff valve (17); Water source controller (18) and shutoff valve (17) are received master controller (12) and are sent out code by information control line (13), close the water source controller (18) of main pipe (11) end and close shutoff valve (17) on the arm (10), stop to carry the water source to give lawn soilless main body (16).
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CN103503761A (en) * 2012-06-19 2014-01-15 北京筑梦源屋顶无土绿化科技有限公司 Sedum plant roof soilless greening system
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