CN212520286U - Water storage and saving structure for greenbelt lawn - Google Patents

Water storage and saving structure for greenbelt lawn Download PDF

Info

Publication number
CN212520286U
CN212520286U CN202020949284.XU CN202020949284U CN212520286U CN 212520286 U CN212520286 U CN 212520286U CN 202020949284 U CN202020949284 U CN 202020949284U CN 212520286 U CN212520286 U CN 212520286U
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
water
layer
plant blanket
lawn
water storage
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Active
Application number
CN202020949284.XU
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Inventor
贾海晨
葛世玲
钱歆跃
韩蒙蒙
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Shanghai Garden Engineering Co ltd
Original Assignee
Shanghai Garden Engineering Co ltd
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Shanghai Garden Engineering Co ltd filed Critical Shanghai Garden Engineering Co ltd
Priority to CN202020949284.XU priority Critical patent/CN212520286U/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN212520286U publication Critical patent/CN212520286U/en
Active legal-status Critical Current
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical

Links

Images

Landscapes

  • Cultivation Of Plants (AREA)

Abstract

A water storage and saving structure for green lawn is provided, which is arranged in the soil of the green lawn from bottom to top: the water-proof layer, the first water-storage nano plant blanket, the supporting layer, the second water-storage nano plant blanket and the soil layer; a reserved gap for root growth and sinking of the lawn layer is arranged between the supporting layer and the second water storage nano plant blanket; the second water storage nano plant blanket is positioned below the soil surface, and a water inlet pipeline for infiltrating irrigation is laid in the second water storage nano plant blanket; the waterproof layer is designed to be a slope, and transverse water collecting pipes are laid on the waterproof layer and are respectively communicated to a main water collecting pipe connected with the water collecting tank; a plurality of humidity sensors are arranged on the surface of the second water storage nano plant blanket; one end of the water inlet pipeline is connected to the water collecting tank, and a control valve is arranged on the water inlet pipeline; the humidity sensor and the control valve are connected with a controller. The utility model discloses can furthest improve the water conservation effect on lawn and to the utilization ratio of peripheral water resource.

Description

Water storage and saving structure for greenbelt lawn
Technical Field
The utility model relates to a garden engineering, in particular to greenery patches lawn retaining water conservation structure.
Background
At the present stage, along with the deep expansion of concepts such as ecological cities, rainwater gardens and the like, the greening area in cities is also continuously increased, and the problems of reasonable application of urban water resources and secondary utilization of water resources such as natural rainwater, reclaimed water and the like caused by the continuous increase of the greening area in cities are urgently solved.
It is well known that large areas of lawn greenbelts in cities still require a large amount of manual watering to meet the basic needs of daily maintenance. According to the research on the relation between the 18-year green lawn water demand and the 18-year average rainfall in Shanghai, the annual average rainfall is basically equal to the annual lawn water demand, but due to reasons of insufficient seasonal alternative water resource utilization and the like, the concept of collecting and storing excessive natural rainwater in rainy seasons with sufficient rainfall and concentration and then utilizing the excessive natural rainwater in arid water-deficient seasons is not realized, so that the water in the rainy seasons is wasted, the water resources are wasted due to the artificial watering in the arid seasons, and the labor cost for watering is not small. In order to meet the water demand requirement in the drought season, the natural rainfall is reasonably stored and reasonably distributed in time to achieve dynamic balance, and the requirement of the annual water demand of the lawn can be basically met. The main problem is that natural precipitation is not uniform and controllable, and compared with the method that a large amount of precipitation on the lawn and surrounding public areas such as sidewalks is stored and reused in rainy season.
Based on the basic principle of scientific management that excessive rainwater in rainy seasons can seep downwards under normal conditions, a lawn root system only obtains required water in a depth of 8-12cm, most of the part is natural soil, the water storage capacity of the part of soil layer limited by the soil quality of Shanghai is extremely limited, more parts can be lost to the deep layer of the soil to cause waste of water resources, and the loss and the waste of the part of water are aggravated by regular irrigation under the condition of insufficient water retention capacity of the soil in dry seasons, the part can be refined in the aspect of watering, water shortage can be watered again, and watering is not performed more and not in disorder along with the provision of refined gardens.
Disclosure of Invention
The utility model aims to design a green space lawn retaining water conservation structure, can furthest improve the water conservation effect on lawn and to the utilization ratio of peripheral water resource.
In order to achieve the above purpose, the technical scheme of the utility model is that:
a water-storing and water-saving structure for greenbelt lawn is characterized in that the soil of greenbelt lawn is equipped with: the water-proof layer, the first water-storage nano plant blanket, the supporting layer, the second water-storage nano plant blanket and the soil layer; the waterproof layer is designed with a slope, a plurality of transverse water collecting pipes are laid on the waterproof layer and are respectively communicated to a main water collecting pipe connected with the water collecting tank; the waterproof layer is attached to the first water storage nano plant blanket; the supporting layer is positioned between the first water storage nano plant blanket and the second water storage nano plant blanket and is provided with a growth space after a root system of a soil layer passes through the second water storage nano plant blanket and a space reserved after the second water storage nano plant blanket and the soil layer sink; a water inlet pipeline for infiltrating irrigation is laid in the second water storage nano plant blanket, and a plurality of humidity sensors are arranged on the surface of the second water storage nano plant blanket; one end of the water inlet pipeline is connected to the water collecting tank, and a control valve is arranged on the water inlet pipeline; and the humidity sensor and the control valve are both connected with a controller.
Preferably, the slope of the waterproof layer design is greater than 5 °.
Preferably, the lateral water collection pipes are arranged in a radial pattern.
Preferably, the lateral water collecting pipes are radially spaced at intervals of 10-20 m.
Preferably, the thickness of the supporting layer is 8 +/-2 cm.
Preferably, the material in the support layer comprises bricks, such as grid bricks or sidewalk waste bricks.
Preferably, the first water storage nano plant blanket is paved at a position 20 +/-2 cm away from the soil surface.
Preferably, the second water-retaining nano-plant blanket is located at a distance of 8 ± 2cm from the soil surface.
Preferably, one humidity sensor is arranged on the surface of the second water storage nanometer plant blanket every 2-3 m.
The technical scheme of the utility model is in:
the utility model discloses according to the general suitable degree of depth 8-10cm of lawn root system, combine the characteristic of the retaining nanometer plant blanket that nano-material made, lay near the lawn root system second retaining nanometer plant blanket to prick the root condition according to the lawn and suitably adjust, guarantee that the lawn root system basically pricks the root and passes this layer, and lay the inlet channel of infiltrating irrigation usefulness on this layer and make preparation for the moisturizing of self-loopa.
The water inlet pipeline for infiltrating irrigation is buried in the water storage nano plant blanket, and due to the fact that the water storage nano plant blanket is laid to play a certain role in isolating soil, normal water supply is guaranteed while the infiltrating irrigation pipeline is not frequently blocked.
The supporting layer can prevent the self weight of the lawn layer from pressing the water inlet pipe and the water discharge pipe to cause unsmooth water flow. The supporting layer can be used for supporting by using the staggered paving of the waste sidewalk grid bricks, and a certain gap is reserved for a root system growth space and a certain space is reserved for sinking. The selected waste sidewalk bricks are regularly replaced around the green land every year and can be just selected as supports to ensure the gaps between the upper layer and the lower layer, so that the selected bricks need to ensure a certain firmness coefficient, and the gaps between the bricks ensure that the root systems of the lawn can grow in the bricks and the water can infiltrate downwards.
In order to ensure that water resource backflow needs to be realized by additionally arranging a waterproof layer below the water storage nano plant blanket and ensure that the water resource is fully recovered, the waterproof layer is added at the bottom of the first water storage nano plant blanket, and the transverse water collecting pipes are paved at intervals of 10-20m in a radial manner, so that redundant water which cannot be absorbed by the first water storage nano plant blanket can be collected layer by layer and finally collected into a water collecting tank of which the main water collecting pipe reaches the lower part.
When the water evaporation of the lawn is accelerated in sunny days, the water content of the soil is gradually reduced from the surface layer to the bottom layer, and the water storage nano plant blanket supplements the water to the vicinity of root systems of the bottom layer under the capillary action to meet the requirement of the lawn on the water content. And (4) trimming the earthwork model into a natural gradient according to the early-stage earthwork model, enabling rainwater to flow to reserved water collecting pipes around and finally collect into the lower water storage equipment, and settling and purifying for secondary use.
The humidity sensor in the water storage nanometer blanket and the control valve on the water inlet pipeline are electrically connected with the controller, when the humidity is lower than 20%, the valve is opened to water, when the humidity reaches 95%, the water stops watering, and the whole system can work normally.
The utility model has the advantages that:
the utility model discloses an it starts to alleviate "sponge" thinking of urban drainage pressure, introduces retaining nanometer plant blanket design thinking to increase the original retaining in lawn and collect the ability of rainwater to a certain extent with the effect of two-layer retaining nanometer plant blanket simulation sponge, the reassembling is the most fiery rainwater collection system further brings street side road urban drainage into wherein has realized the self-sufficient assumption of green low energy consumption of multisource and with the make full use of water resource.
When the water in the water storage nano plant blanket and the water in the water collection tank below the lawn is used, no extra watering is needed, the reserved water collection pipeline can be close to one side of the lawn, namely the sidewalk, and the reserved slope ensures that a part of rainwater in the sidewalk can be collected and reused; and the water storage nano plant blanket at the lower part of the lawn increases the integral water storage capacity of the lawn and relieves the pressure of heavy rain weather on the urban sewer pipe network. When the water in the nano water storage blanket below the lawn is used up, the water can be directly supplemented into the water collection tank, so that the time and the labor are saved, and the water saving effect of the lawn and the utilization rate of peripheral water resources are improved to the maximum extent.
The utility model deeply buries the nanometer plant water storage blanket under the surface of the lawn, greatly improves the whole water utilization rate of the plant root system by utilizing the humidity sensors with different depths and the water storage characteristic of the water storage nanometer plant blanket, and controls watering according to the humidity of the humidity sensor of the root system by combining remote irrigation; and a backflow water collecting pipe is laid at the bottom layer and collected in the lower water tank to form a circulating, purifying and recycling irrigation system. This water tank is connected with rainwater collection system again and guarantees nature precipitation utilization ratio maximize.
Adopt utility model self-loopa water conservation lawn irrigation system, overcome the tradition and spray and cause a large amount of water waste to and the unable reutilization's of rainy season excess water resource shortcoming. And the water resource management and control cost in the maintenance process is reduced to the maximum extent while the water resource is saved.
Drawings
Fig. 1 is a structural sectional view of an embodiment of the present invention.
Fig. 2 is a structural sectional view of the embodiment of the present invention.
Detailed Description
Referring to fig. 1 and 2, the water storage and saving structure for greenbelt lawn of the present invention is sequentially arranged in the soil of greenbelt lawn from bottom to top: the water-proof layer 1, the first water-storage nano-plant blanket 2, the supporting layer 3, the second water-storage nano-plant blanket 4 and the soil layer 5; wherein the content of the first and second substances,
the waterproof layer 1 is designed with a slope, a plurality of transverse water collecting pipes 7 are laid on the waterproof layer 1 and are respectively communicated to a main water collecting pipe 9 connected with a water collecting tank 8; the waterproof layer 1 is attached to the first water storage nanometer plant blanket 2;
the supporting layer 3 is positioned between the first water storage nano plant blanket 2 and the second water storage nano plant blanket 4, and is provided with a growth space after the root system of the soil layer 5 passes through the second water storage nano plant blanket 4 and a space reserved by the sinking of the second water storage nano plant blanket 4 and the soil layer 5;
a water inlet pipeline 6 for infiltrating irrigation is paved in the second water storage nano plant blanket 4, and a plurality of humidity sensors 10 are arranged on the surface of the second water storage nano plant blanket 4; one end of the water inlet pipe 6 is connected to the water collecting tank 8, and a control valve (electromagnetic valve) is arranged on the water inlet pipe 6; the humidity sensor and the control valve are connected to a controller (not shown).
Preferably, the slope of the waterproof layer 1 is greater than 5 °.
Preferably, the lateral headers 7 are arranged in a radial pattern.
Preferably, the transverse water collecting pipes 7 are radially spaced at intervals of 10-20 m.
Preferably, the thickness of the support layer 3 is 8 ± 2 cm.
Preferably, the material in the supporting layer 3 comprises bricks, such as grid bricks or sidewalk waste bricks.
Preferably, the first water-storage nano-plant carpet 2 is laid at a distance of 20 +/-2 cm from the soil surface.
Preferably, the second water-retaining nano-plant blanket 4 is located at a distance of 8 ± 2cm from the soil surface.
Preferably, one humidity sensor 10 is arranged on every 2m of the surface of the first water-storing nano plant carpet 4.
And in normal times, sensing whether the water content of the soil near the root system reaches a drought critical value or not according to the humidity sensor reserved on the second water storage nano plant blanket, if so, opening a valve by the humidity sensor to quantitatively supplement water through a water inlet pipeline reserved in the water storage nano plant blanket for infiltrating irrigation, so that excessive evaporation and unnecessary loss of water caused by conventional spraying are avoided. And when the watering reaches a certain amount, namely the humidity sensor on the second water storage nano plant blanket reaches 80%, the water inlet pipeline can be closed, so that excessive watering is avoided.
And in rainy season, excessive rainfall will be partly stored in the water storage nano plant carpet, and in addition, the excessive moisture will be collected in the lower water storage device-water collection tank.

Claims (10)

1. A water-storing and water-saving structure for greenbelt lawn is characterized in that the soil of greenbelt lawn is equipped with: the water-proof layer, the first water-storage nano plant blanket, the supporting layer, the second water-storage nano plant blanket and the soil layer; wherein the content of the first and second substances,
the waterproof layer is designed with a slope, a plurality of transverse water collecting pipes are laid on the waterproof layer and are respectively communicated to a main water collecting pipe connected with the water collecting tank; the waterproof layer is attached to the first water storage nano plant blanket;
the supporting layer is positioned between the first water storage nano plant blanket and the second water storage nano plant blanket and is provided with a growth space after a root system of a soil layer passes through the second water storage nano plant blanket and a space reserved after the second water storage nano plant blanket and the soil layer sink;
a water inlet pipeline for infiltrating irrigation is laid in the second water storage nano plant blanket, and a plurality of humidity sensors are arranged on the surface of the second water storage nano plant blanket; one end of the water inlet pipeline is connected to the water collecting tank, and a control valve is arranged on the water inlet pipeline; and the humidity sensor and the control valve are both connected with a controller.
2. The water-storing and saving structure for greensward lawn as claimed in claim 1, wherein the slope of the waterproof layer is greater than 5 °.
3. The water-retaining and saving structure for greensward lawn as claimed in claim 1, wherein the lateral water collecting pipes are arranged in a radial pattern.
4. A water-retaining and saving structure as claimed in claim 1 or 3, wherein the transverse water collecting pipes are radially spaced at intervals of 10-20 m.
5. The water-retaining and-saving structure for greensward lawns as claimed in claim 1, wherein the thickness of the supporting layer is 8 ± 2 cm.
6. The water-storing and saving structure for greensward lawns as claimed in claim 1 or 5, wherein the material in the support layer comprises bricks.
7. The water-storing and saving structure for greenbelts and lawns as claimed in claim 1 or 5, wherein the material in the supporting layer comprises grid bricks or waste bricks of sidewalks.
8. The water-storing and saving structure for greenbelts and lawns as claimed in claim 1, wherein the first water-storing nano-plant carpet is laid at a distance of 20 ± 2cm from the soil surface.
9. The water-storing and saving structure for greenbelts and lawns as claimed in claim 1, wherein the second water-storing nano-plant carpet is located at a distance of 8 ± 2cm from the soil surface.
10. The water storage and saving structure for the greenbelt lawn as claimed in claim 1, wherein the first water storage nano plant blanket is provided with a humidity sensor every 2-3 m.
CN202020949284.XU 2020-05-29 2020-05-29 Water storage and saving structure for greenbelt lawn Active CN212520286U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN202020949284.XU CN212520286U (en) 2020-05-29 2020-05-29 Water storage and saving structure for greenbelt lawn

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN202020949284.XU CN212520286U (en) 2020-05-29 2020-05-29 Water storage and saving structure for greenbelt lawn

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN212520286U true CN212520286U (en) 2021-02-12

Family

ID=74544981

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN202020949284.XU Active CN212520286U (en) 2020-05-29 2020-05-29 Water storage and saving structure for greenbelt lawn

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN212520286U (en)

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN112982559A (en) * 2021-02-25 2021-06-18 中国科学院地理科学与资源研究所 Urban group greenbelt networked ecological conservation water-saving system

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN112982559A (en) * 2021-02-25 2021-06-18 中国科学院地理科学与资源研究所 Urban group greenbelt networked ecological conservation water-saving system
CN112982559B (en) * 2021-02-25 2022-07-12 中国科学院地理科学与资源研究所 Urban group greenbelt networked ecological conservation water-saving system

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
CN2860059Y (en) Multifunction roof-greening device
CN201704889U (en) Building roof greening device
CN106013624B (en) A kind of technical method on the green sponge roof based on grass planting plane transformation
CN108360761B (en) Roof planting method for rainwater utilization and load-reduction water-saving root control
CN208821387U (en) A kind of water-saving irrigation device for flower planting
CN105804198A (en) Greenbelt structure integrating rainwater storage and utilization
CN209594367U (en) The Rain Garden of automatic irrigation under a kind of sponge city
CN206452786U (en) A kind of slope greening ground self-priming structure
CN114651703A (en) Orchard precipitation accumulation, permeation promotion, soil moisture conservation and recarburization method and system and intelligent orchard recharging system
CN101642045B (en) Greening soilless lawn for roof surface, production method and using method thereof
CN212520286U (en) Water storage and saving structure for greenbelt lawn
CN213571388U (en) Landscape design is with people's road structure
CN1197451C (en) High-efficiency water-saving wall and cultivation technology of laying out mulch film at wall and bottom and making multiple holes in fields
CN109183532A (en) A kind of north city rainwater purification depending on road is regulated and stored ecological utilization system
CN106358986A (en) Water-fertilizer integrated irrigation system applicable to alpine and gorge regions
CN205917818U (en) Retaining type pattern of farming suitable for strand area lawn
CN1212055C (en) Afforestation ecologic box
CN112031114A (en) Seepage stagnation type storage regulation sponge parking lot and rainwater storage regulation method
CN104631561B (en) The moisturizing pond, underground of the Afforestation Landscape of automatic liquid level control
CN205511165U (en) Flat roof is planted layer with making and is held, drainage irrigation system
CN213061576U (en) Road-based multifunctional integrated green belt device
CN210459442U (en) Sponge urban greening road
CN205511003U (en) Domatic roof is planted layer and is stagnated, retaining system
CN206189505U (en) Rainwater is collected and is recycled landscape system
CN201528572U (en) Greening soil-less lawn for roof

Legal Events

Date Code Title Description
GR01 Patent grant
GR01 Patent grant