CN101407996B - Method for processing full cotton crease-resistant fabric - Google Patents

Method for processing full cotton crease-resistant fabric Download PDF

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CN101407996B
CN101407996B CN2008102167795A CN200810216779A CN101407996B CN 101407996 B CN101407996 B CN 101407996B CN 2008102167795 A CN2008102167795 A CN 2008102167795A CN 200810216779 A CN200810216779 A CN 200810216779A CN 101407996 B CN101407996 B CN 101407996B
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fabric
cotton
crease
resistant
temperature
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CN101407996A (en
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范思浩
陈子炜
叶宝珠
许传安
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HESHAN PAC-FUNG HOME TEXTILES Co Ltd
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HESHAN PAC-FUNG HOME TEXTILES Co Ltd
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Abstract

The invention discloses a processing method of 100% cotton crease resistant fabrics, mainly comprising the following processing carried out to the 100% cotton crease resistant fabrics: (1) desizing; (2) singeing; (3) re-bleaching; (4) mercerizing; (5) dyeing; (6) resin finishing; (7) drying; (8) curing; (9) water washing; and (10) calendaring and preshrinking. Compared with the prior art, the 100% cotton crease resistant fabrics made by adopting the method have persistent crease resistant performance, the planeness can reach 3.5 to 4 degrees by water washing, the appearance can be kept long and deformation can not occur; furthermore, hand feeling is full instead of stiff, static electricity can not be generated, the phenomena of fuzzing and pilling are avoided, and residual formaldehyde content in the fabrics is greatly reduced, which is lower than the national standard 75PPM, thus preventing harm to the body.

Description

A kind of processing method of full cotton crease-resistant fabric
Technical field:
The present invention relates to a kind of processing method of full cotton crease-resistant fabric, particularly a kind of processing method of 1.8-3.2 meters door width of cloth full cotton crease-resistant fabrics, full cotton crease-resistant fabric content of formaldehyde by this method processing is lower than 75PPM, and the dry back of washing smooth appearance degree still can reach 3.5-4 grades.
Background technology:
Pure-cotton fabric is as the big classification of one in the textiles, and is comfortable and easy to wear with it, and good permeability, soft, low price, biodegradation and skin do not had characteristics such as allergic reaction are very popular in textiles.But pure-cotton fabric is wrinkling easily, not well-pressed, not attractive in appearance in dress and washing process because elasticity is relatively poor, also needs to press after each the cleaning to have kept smooth and well-pressed, brings a lot of inconvenience for people's life.
In order to overcome the intrinsic characteristics of natural cotton fiber, people adopt the method for RESIN FINISH that pure-cotton fabric is improved usually.RESIN FINISH can be divided into three kinds according to the expanded level of fiber at present: dry state is crosslinked, hygrometric state is crosslinked and damp attitude is crosslinked, what at present most producer adopted is the dry state crosslinking process, the dry state crosslinking process mainly is that fabric is padded in the resin working solution, and the oven dry back bakes crosslinked under the not expanded state of fiber.Its technological process is as follows: pad resin liquid → preliminary drying → hot blast tentering to dry → bake → soap → post processing (as softness, calendering or tentering oven dry).
It is higher to do wet wrinkle resistance by the fabric after the arrangement of dry state crosslinking process, morphological stability and easy-care properties are good, this technology is mainly used in the processing cloth width of cloth at 1.8 meters or following all-cotton fabric, but for the broad fabrics more than 1.8 meters (finished fabric width of cloth), still exist strength retention low at present, the content of formaldehyde height, problems such as wrinkle resistant effect instability.
Summary of the invention:
The object of the invention is to provide a kind of processing method of full cotton crease-resistant fabric, and is low by the strength retention that the arrangement of dry state crosslinking process exists to solve 1.8-3.2 meters broad fabrics, content of formaldehyde height, problems such as wrinkle resistant effect instability.
For achieving the above object, the present invention mainly adopts following technical scheme:
A kind of processing method of full cotton crease-resistant fabric, the cotton wash-and-wear fabrics are carried out following processed: 1. destarch, 2. singe, 3. float again, 4. 5. mercerising dyes, and 6. 7. RESIN FINISH dries, 8. bake, 9. washing, 10. calendering,
Figure G2008102167795D00021
Preshrunk.
It is full cotton crease-resistant fabric to be immersed in the work mixed liquor of resin finishing agent, catalyst, strong protecting agent, softener and bleeding agent soak that described RESIN FINISH is handled, and makes work mixed liquor and fiber-reactive, and full cotton crease-resistant fabric is carried out wrinkle resistant typing.
Resin finishing agent is the sex change N-methylol amide of ultra-low formaldehyde difunctional.
Described strong protecting agent is Tissuemat E and fatty alcohol polyglycol ether.
After the RESIN FINISH processing, full cotton crease-resistant fabric is kept drying under the 80-100 ℃ of temperature, keeping containing damp rate is 5-8%, is 160 ℃ in temperature then, bakes 2-4 minute.
Described calendering be by calender at pressure 100-180N/mm, under temperature 80-120 ℃, the surface of full cotton crease-resistant fabric is flattened and presses processing.
Compared with prior art, the present invention has the following advantages:
1, the full cotton crease-resistant fabric of making by the present invention has lasting crease resistance, can reach the 3.5-4 level through the washing flatness, and profile can be lasting for form, and good hand feeling is not stiff, does not produce static, and is phozy, not balling-up.
2, the present invention has carried out high temperature to full cotton crease-resistant fabric and has baked processing, can make wrinkle resistant resin and cellulose on the fabric carry out full cross-linked.
3, the present invention will carry out the brute force washing with 60 ℃ clear water through the fabric that high temperature bakes after the processing, and resin residual in the fabric, content of formaldehyde are significantly reduced, and be lower than national standard 75PPM, thereby prevent the injury to health.
The specific embodiment:
To be further described the specific embodiment of the present invention below.
The present invention is a kind of processing method that is primarily aimed at the all-cotton fabric of 1.8-3.2 meters door width of cloth, it adopts cotton worsted fabric that high-accuracy yarn knits as raw material, be made into the all-cotton fabric of 1.8-3.2 meters door width of cloth, carry out following technology then: 1. destarch: remove the textile sizing material, because the warp thread of fabrics such as cotton, viscose glue and synthetic fiber, mostly earlier through sizing, slurry can influence wettability of fabrics in dyeing and finishing process before weaving, and the obstruction chemicals contacts fiber.Therefore fabric is generally all handled through destarch earlier, and the effect of partial impurities in the fiber is removed in the COTTON FABRIC destarch in addition.2. singe: because the fabric face after the destarch has more fine hair,, be convenient to carrying out smoothly and guaranteeing product quality of follow-up processing, need the burning of the fine hair on the fabric positive and negative be gone out by gassing frame for making its any surface finish.3. float again: by floating the pigment that can remove on the fabric again, improve the colour brightness of fabric, also can remove impurity such as other cottonseed and wax simultaneously, improve hygroscopicity of fabric.4. mercerising: fabric under the effect that keeps certain tension force, is handled through concentrated caustic, can be made fabric obtain good gloss, increase absorbability, improve DIMENSIONAL STABILITY, improve tearing brute force to dyestuff.5. dyeing: fabric is immersed in the aqueous dye solutions under the uniform temperature, and dyestuff just moves in fiber from water, and the amount of dye in the water reduces gradually at this moment, after after a while, just reaches poised state, finishes coloration of textile materials.6. RESIN FINISH: after the dyeing fabric pH value is transferred between the 5-6, so that the chemical reaction that resin can be cmpletely during noniron finish, get the resin finishing agent of 150-240g/L then, the magnesium chloride hexahydrate of 10-16g/L, 0.7-1.1g/L citric acid, the bleeding agent of 2g/L evenly mixing obtains the work mixed liquor, and the pH value that makes this working solution is 4-7, to guarantee good cross-linking effect and to reach preferable non-ironing effect, fabric is immersed in this working solution afterwards, the work mixed liquor of making infiltrates through fibrous inside fully, realizes full cotton crease-resistant fabric is carried out wrinkle resistant typing.7. oven dry: the fabric after will padding is dried under 80-100 ℃ temperature, keeps containing damp rate 5-8%.8. bake: the all-cotton fabric after will drying is to bake 3-5 minute under 160 ℃ the situation at baking temperature, makes wrinkle resistant resin in the fabric fully with cellulose crosslinked.9. washing: will remove surface resin and free formaldehyde on the fabric through cleaning in the clear water that bakes 60 ℃ of temperature of all-cotton fabric immersion of handling.10. calendering: at pressure 100-180N/mm, under temperature 80-120 ℃, give good gloss of full cotton crease-resistant fabric and level and smooth feel by calender.
Figure G2008102167795D00041
Preshrunk: by preshrinking machine the fabric of handling through calendering is carried out preshrunk,, effectively improve fabric feeling simultaneously so that fabric is repeatedly still keeping dimensionally stable after the washing, and keeps fabric shrinkage to remain in 2%.
Adopt the pure-cotton fabric of the inventive method processing can reach the non-ironing properties of product of cotton fully, repeatedly appearance af hand wash is stabilized in the 3.5-4 level.
More than be that processing method to a kind of full cotton crease-resistant fabric provided by the present invention is described in detail, used specific case herein structural principle of the present invention and embodiment are set forth, above embodiment just is used for helping to understand method of the present invention and core concept thereof; Simultaneously, for one of ordinary skill in the art, according to thought of the present invention, the part that all can change in specific embodiments and applications, in sum, this description should not be construed as limitation of the present invention.

Claims (2)

1. the processing method of a full cotton crease-resistant fabric is characterized in that:
It is the processing method at the all-cotton fabric of 1.8~3.2 meters door width of cloth, adopts cotton worsted fabric that high-accuracy yarn knits as raw material, is made into the all-cotton fabric of 1.8~3.2 meters door width of cloth;
Then all-cotton fabric is carried out following processed:
(1) destarch;
(2) singe; By gassing frame the burning of the fine hair on the fabric positive and negative is gone out;
(3) float again;
(4) mercerising: fabric under the effect that keeps certain tension force, is handled through concentrated caustic;
(5) dyeing: fabric is immersed in the aqueous dye solutions under the uniform temperature, after after a while, finish to coloration of textile materials;
(6) RESIN FINISH: it is after the dyeing fabric pH value to be transferred between 5~6 that described RESIN FINISH is handled, get the resin finishing agent of 150~240g/L then, the magnesium chloride hexahydrate of 10~16g/L, 0.7 the citric acid of~1.1g/L, the bleeding agent of 2g/L evenly mixes and obtains the work mixed liquor, and to make the pH value of this working solution be 4~7, fabric is immersed in this working solution afterwards, the work mixed liquor of making infiltrates through fibrous inside fully, realizes full cotton crease-resistant fabric is carried out wrinkle resistant typing;
(7) oven dry: the fabric after will padding is dried under 80-100 ℃ temperature, keeps containing damp rate 5-8%;
(8) bake: the all-cotton fabric after will drying is to bake 3-5 minute under 160 ℃ the situation at baking temperature;
(9) washing: will remove surface resin and free formaldehyde on the fabric through cleaning in the clear water that bakes 60 ℃ of temperature of all-cotton fabric immersion of handling;
(10) calendering: at pressure 100-180N/mm, under temperature 80-120 ℃, give good gloss of full cotton crease-resistant fabric and level and smooth feel by calender;
(11) preshrunk: by preshrinking machine the fabric of handling through calendering is carried out preshrunk,, effectively improve fabric feeling simultaneously so that fabric is repeatedly still keeping dimensionally stable after the washing, and keeps fabric shrinkage in 2%.
2. the processing method of full cotton crease-resistant fabric according to claim 1 is characterized in that described resin finishing agent is the sex change N-methylol amide of ultra-low formaldehyde difunctional.
CN2008102167795A 2008-10-16 2008-10-16 Method for processing full cotton crease-resistant fabric Active CN101407996B (en)

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CN102041686A (en) * 2009-10-21 2011-05-04 山东魏桥创业集团有限公司 Preparation method of deodorant no-iron functional finishing fabric
CN101720984B (en) * 2009-11-24 2013-03-27 宁波雅戈尔环球服饰科技有限公司 Processing method for improving wear resistance of apparel of non-iron shirt
CN101831749A (en) * 2010-05-10 2010-09-15 张家港市金陵纺织有限公司 Production process of cotton-bamboo fiber dyed fabrics
CN102965963A (en) * 2012-10-09 2013-03-13 如皋市五山漂染有限责任公司 Finishing process of fragrant and deodorant lining cloth
CN103437172B (en) * 2013-08-28 2015-08-05 句容市后白镇迎瑞印花厂 A kind of Shrinkproof crease-resistant treatment process of pure cotton fabric
CN105088740B (en) * 2015-08-11 2017-04-19 江苏金太阳纺织科技股份有限公司 Sorting method for improving gloss and flatness after all-cotton fabric is washed
CN105671727B (en) * 2016-03-23 2017-08-25 福建七匹狼实业股份有限公司 A kind of production technology of high-count and high-density long-staple cotton shirt fabric
CN106012522A (en) * 2016-05-19 2016-10-12 鲁泰纺织股份有限公司 Non-ironing processing technique of super-high-count high-density shirt
CN105926295A (en) * 2016-05-30 2016-09-07 太仓红桥服饰有限公司 Finishing liquid applied to crumple finishing of jean costume
CN106319927A (en) * 2016-08-19 2017-01-11 常熟市金润针纺织有限公司 Aftertreatment process of coral fleece fabric
CN108193491A (en) * 2017-12-30 2018-06-22 广东溢达纺织有限公司 Wash and wear finisher and its preparation method and application
CN110761068B (en) * 2019-12-03 2022-05-10 福建省晋江新德美化工有限公司 Low-strength-loss high-performance environment-friendly non-ironing finishing method for cotton fabric

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