CN100497789C - Method for fabricating soft knitting face fabric from cotton - Google Patents

Method for fabricating soft knitting face fabric from cotton Download PDF

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Publication number
CN100497789C
CN100497789C CNB2006101545260A CN200610154526A CN100497789C CN 100497789 C CN100497789 C CN 100497789C CN B2006101545260 A CNB2006101545260 A CN B2006101545260A CN 200610154526 A CN200610154526 A CN 200610154526A CN 100497789 C CN100497789 C CN 100497789C
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China
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fabric
processing
cotton
soft
finishing liquid
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CNB2006101545260A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN101003936A (en
Inventor
徐磊
王庆淼
袁昂
曾昭东
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宁波雅戈尔日中纺织印染有限公司
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Abstract

The present invention discloses a processing method of flexible cotton knitted face fabric. Said processing method includes the following several steps: weaving, enzymatic washing, kiering and bleaching, dyeing, oversoftening, dewatering, opening, drying, sizing and pre-shrinking.

Description

A kind of processing method of soft knitting face fabric from cotton
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of processing method of cotton knitted fabric, especially relate to a kind of processing method of soft knitting face fabric from cotton.
Background technology
Pure cotton knitting face fabric all is subjected to liking of consumer owing to have the advantage of comfortable and easy to wear, good air permeability, natural environmental-protective all the time, becomes one of garment material the most popular, the most popular on the market.In order to satisfy the demand of market to high-grade pure-cotton fabric, producer has carried out a large amount of research at the superior processing of pure cotton knitting face fabric both at home and abroad, improves the lining class from the feel of fabric, gloss, stability, each side such as functional.Mainly can classify as following several at improving one's methods of cotton fabrics feel: improve the pliability of fabric by the yarn that adopts the spy to spin, especially adopt the cotton yarn of low twist; Mode by mechanical finishing obtains special feel, as grab, the peach face effect that Collator Mode reached such as sanding; The processing method that combines with chemical treatment by machining is improved the feel of pure cotton fabric.
Present most processing method is by increasing the consistent lubricant consumption in the soft fixating shape step of the mistake after dyeing or selecting special softener to improve fabric feeling, and improve the presentation quality of fabric by biopolishing technology, promptly the method that combines by bioenzyme washing and soft processing is carried out soft arrangement to pure cotton knitted fabric, and its technological process is: weave → bioenzyme washing → boil and float → dye → soft excessively → dehydration → open-width → oven dry → typing → preshrunk; Fabric is after the cellulase arrangement, cause the hydrolysis of fiber ends molecule, make stress between fiber molecule weaken and cause strength loss, surface hairiness under the effect of mechanical friction, to come off, the surface of fabric is become smoothly, and feel, drapability and cloth cover fineness all increase; But the degree of crystallinity and the degree of polymerization of fabric all descend with the decrement of fabric fibre molecule after the cellulase arrangement, and the big intermolecular stress of fiber weakens, and the brute force of fabric has certain damage, the also corresponding influence that is subjected to a certain degree of the DIMENSIONAL STABILITY of fabric; In the operation afterwards, through behind the mechanical stretching and rubbing action of long period, more cannot say for sure to demonstrate,prove by DIMENSIONAL STABILITY in cylinder for fabric in addition, especially when some dark product of processing, because the prolongation of dyeing, the time of soaping also makes the cloth cover filoplume increase to some extent.If use the technology that dyeing back enzyme is washed instead, thereby make dark lining can't obtain good defeathering effect because dyestuff can reduce the activity of enzyme.If increase the resin setting process, though can reach certain DIMENSIONAL STABILITY and recovery, can cause the loss of powerful aspect, feel also there is bigger influence, and can causes formaldehyde to produce.Become in the industry a rather stubborn problem so how simultaneously balance is controlled the feel style of arrangement back fabric and physical indexs such as shrink, brute force well.
Summary of the invention
Technical problem to be solved by this invention provides a kind of processing method of processing soft knitting face fabric from cotton, makes the cotton knitted fabric of processing can improve gloss and feel, and has lasting washable performance.
The present invention solves the problems of the technologies described above the technical scheme that is adopted: a kind of processing method of soft knitting face fabric from cotton, comprise and weaving, bioenzyme washing, boil and float, dyeing, cross soft, dehydration, open-width, oven dry, typing and preshrunk, between described open-width operation and described baking operation, increase padding finishing liquid treatment process, between described baking operation and described shaping process, increase the calendering operation, make whole procedure of processing for weaving, boil and float, bioenzyme washing, dyeing, cross soft, dehydration, open-width, padding finishing liquid is handled, oven dry, calendering, typing and preshrunk, it is that the padding finishing liquid that will configure adds in the hopper of setting machine that described padding finishing liquid is handled, make lining with 18~30 meters/minute speed hopper and the roll by setting machine, nip pressure is 3~6N/cm 2The liquid carrying rate that padding finishing liquid is handled the back cloth cover is between 65%~85%, the setting machine bake out temperature is 110~140 ℃, and described padding finishing liquid is soluble in water successively formulated by following component: the softener IJD:50~80g/l of the silicone softening agent Magnasoft JSS:20~50g/l of super refreshing elastic force agent DM-3541:60~120g/l that dolantin company produces, catalyst DM-3542:5~10g/l, penetrating agent JFC: 2g/l, the production of U.S. GE company, the production of German Rudoiph company.
When described calendering working procedure processing, pressure is 60~250N, and the calendering temperature is 25~100 ℃, and advancing cloth tension force is 20~50N.
When described bioenzyme washing operation is handled, cellulase cellusoft TMThe L consumption is 0.5~2g/l, and regulating the pH value with acetic acid and sodium acetate is 4.5~5, and treatment temperature is 50~55 ℃, and the processing time is 40~90 minutes.
In the soft operation of described mistake is with fabric dyed, after soaping, under 40~50 ℃ of conditions, adds silicone softening agent Magnasoft JSS 4~6g/l, at pH is under 4~5 the condition, to handle 20~40 minutes.
Compared with prior art, the invention has the advantages that in the processing method of cotton knitted fabric, increased and padded operation and the high temperature calendering operation that polyurethane arrangement liquid is handled, aqueous polyurethane not only can be penetrated into yarn inside, and can discharge reactive group and fiber molecule and other finishing agent generation cross-linking reaction, also react between polyurethane molecular, thereby the form with chemical bond is cross-linked into space network, give fabric lasting washable finishing functions, as shrinkproof, wrinkle resistant, performances such as dimensionally stable particularly are used on the cellulose fibre, and it is wrinkle resistant to solve the insoluble natural fabric of other auxiliary agent effectively, a shrinkproof difficult problem; Another the big advantage that adopts polyurethane arrangement liquid to handle is that this arrangement can not reduce the brute force of fabric, and can significantly improve pliability, resilience and the DIMENSIONAL STABILITY of fabric, and makes the feel of fabric lasting washable and not yielding; After increasing the calendering operation, fabric is through roller combination roll compacting really up to the mark, soft, yarn is crushed, surface smoothing, gloss strengthens, because the preceding working procedure fabric has padded polyurethane arrangement liquid and process preliminary drying tentering, carry out xeothermic typing after the calendering again, can obtain durable calendering effect, keep softness and smooth hand feeling simultaneously, make the brighter and cleaner and high resilience in surface of fabric; Crossing the softener of selecting for use in the soft operation is Magnasoft JSS, is a kind of high stability shear-stable organosilicon preparation, generates one deck organosilicon membrane closely on the surface of fabric, is 6g/l when above at its consumption, can significantly improve the feel of fabric.
Lining after the processing method arrangement of cotton knitted fabric of the present invention has particularly soft, smooth hand feeling and simple and elegant gloss, and splendid resilience and DIMENSIONAL STABILITY are arranged.Can reach following index: 1) anti-fluffing and anti-pilling (PillingResistance) can reach 4 grades (ASTM D3512 methods); 2) outward appearance (Appearance A/f 20timeswash) can reach 4 grades (AATCC:135 methods) behind 20 wash waters; 3) rouse quick-fried powerful Bursting and reach 55LBS above (ASTM:D3876 method); 4) content of formaldehyde is less than 20PPM (Nippon Standard JIS L1041 method).
In sum, the present invention is owing to be provided with the manufacturing procedure of padding the processing of polyurethane arrangement liquid between described open-width and described oven dry, between described oven dry and described typing, be provided with the manufacturing procedure of calendering, processing method as a kind of new super softness and washable cotton knitted fabric, DIMENSIONAL STABILITY and recovery to fabric have greatly improved, it is bright and clean that cotton knitted fabric is had, soft, smooth hand feeling, it is little to shrink, cloth cover is smooth, washable and lasting for form, but also having the good back outward appearance of washing, the lining of processing has the characteristic of super soft " liquid state cotton ".
The specific embodiment
Below in conjunction with embodiment the present invention is described in further detail.
Embodiment one:
A kind of processing method of dark soft knitting face fabric from cotton comprises following procedure of processing:
A, 60S/1 high-quality low twist cotton yarn is woven into knitting two-sided cloth;
B, grey cloth boiled float processing;
C, use cellulase carry out bioenzyme washing, Cellusoft to grey cloth TMThe L enzyme dosage is 0.75g/l, and temperature is 55 ℃, and the time is 50 minutes;
D, to the grey cloth processing of dyeing;
E, soft excessively: the ratio by grey cloth and the weight of water in dyeing machine is the 1:8 water inlet, add color-fixing agent 4%O.W.F earlier, move adding silicone softening agent Magnasoft JSS 5%O.W.F after 10 minutes, consumption is equivalent to 6g/l, be warmed up to 40 ℃ then, be incubated draining after 30 minutes;
F, to the cloth after the softness processing dewater, open-width and oven dry processing;
G, fabric is padded polyurethane arrangement liquid handle, padding finishing liquid comprises following component: the softener IJD:80g/l of the extraordinary silicone softening agent Magnasoft JSS:40g/l of the super refreshing elastic force agent DM-3541:120g/l that dolantin company produces, catalyst DM-3542:5g/l, penetrating agent JFC: 2g/l, the production of U.S. GE company, the production of German Rudoiph company, and soluble in water successively formulated;
H, 130 ℃ of oven dry;
I, calendering, temperature are 80 ℃, and pressure is 150N, and advancing cloth tension force is 30N;
J, on setting machine to the painting cloth processing of finalizing the design, the softener GWS consumption of German Rudoiph company is 40g/l, the speed of operation is 20 meters/minute, temperature is 150 ℃;
K, grey cloth is carried out preshrunk processing, obtain the soft knitting face fabric from cotton finished product at last with routine techniques.
Embodiment two:
A kind of processing method of light soft knitting face fabric from cotton comprises following procedure of processing:
A, 50S/1 high-quality low twist cotton yarn is woven into knitting two-sided cloth;
B, grey cloth boiled float processing;
C, use cellulase carry out bioenzyme washing to grey cloth, cellulase cellusoft TMThe L consumption is 0.75g/l, and temperature is 55 ℃, and the time is 50 minutes;
D, to the grey cloth processing of dyeing;
E, the ratio by grey cloth and the weight of water in dyeing machine are the 1:10 water inlet, moves the silicone softening agent MagnasoftJSS6g/l that adds the production of U.S. GE company after 3 minutes, are warmed up to 40 ℃ then, are incubated draining after 20 minutes;
F, to the cloth after the softness processing dewater, open-width and oven dry processing;
G, fabric is padded polyurethane arrangement liquid handle, padding finishing liquid comprises following component: the silicone softening agent GWS consumption of the extraordinary silicone softening agent MagnasoftJSS:35g/l of the super refreshing elastic force agent DM-3541:90g/l that dolantin company produces, catalyst DM-3542:5g/l, penetrating agent JFC: 2g/l, the production of U.S. GE company, the production of German Rudoiph company is 40g/l; Soluble in water successively formulated;
H, 120 ℃ of oven dry;
I, calendering, temperature are 80 ℃, and pressure is 200N, and advancing cloth tension force is 30N;
J, on setting machine to the painting cloth processing of finalizing the design: temperature is 165 ℃; The speed of operation is 26 meters/minute, xeothermic typing;
K, grey cloth is carried out preshrunk processing, obtain the soft knitting face fabric from cotton finished product at last with routine techniques.

Claims (5)

1, a kind of processing method of soft knitting face fabric from cotton, comprise and weaving, bioenzyme washing, boil and float, dyeing, cross soft, dehydration, open-width, oven dry, typing and preshrunk, it is characterized in that between described open-width operation and described baking operation, increasing padding finishing liquid treatment process, between described baking operation and described shaping process, increase the calendering operation, make whole procedure of processing for weaving, boil and float, bioenzyme washing, dyeing, cross soft, dehydration, open-width, padding finishing liquid is handled, oven dry, calendering, typing and preshrunk, it is that the padding finishing liquid that will configure adds in the hopper of setting machine that described padding finishing liquid is handled, make lining with 18~30 meters/minute speed hopper and the roll by setting machine, nip pressure is 3~6N/cm 2The liquid carrying rate that padding finishing liquid is handled the back cloth cover is between 65%~85%, the setting machine bake out temperature is 110~140 ℃, and described padding finishing liquid is soluble in water successively formulated by following component: the softener IJD:50~80g/l of the silicone softening agent Magnasoft JSS:20~50g/l of super refreshing elastic force agent DM-3541:60~120g/l that dolantin company produces, catalyst DM-3542:5~10g/l, penetrating agent JFC: 2g/l, the production of U.S. GE company, the production of German Rudoiph company.
2, the processing method of a kind of soft knitting face fabric from cotton as claimed in claim 1 is characterized in that described padding finishing liquid is soluble in water successively formulated by following component: super refreshing elastic force agent DM-3541:90g/l, catalyst DM-3542:5g/l, penetrating agent JFC: 2g/l, silicone softening agent Magnasoft JSS:35g/l, softener IJD:65g/l.
3, the processing method of a kind of soft knitting face fabric from cotton as claimed in claim 1 is characterized in that pressure is 60~250N when described calendering working procedure processing, and the calendering temperature is 25~100 ℃, and advancing cloth tension force is 20~50N.
4, the processing method of a kind of soft knitting face fabric from cotton as claimed in claim 1, it is characterized in that the consumption of enzyme is 0.5~2g/l when described bioenzyme washing operation is handled, regulating the pH value with acetic acid and sodium acetate is 4.5~5, treatment temperature is 50~55 ℃, and the processing time is 40~60 minutes.
5, the processing method of a kind of soft knitting face fabric from cotton as claimed in claim 1, it is characterized in that in the soft operation of described mistake be with fabric dyed, after soaping, under 40~50 ℃ of conditions, add silicone softening agent MagnasoftJSS:4~6g/l, be under 4~5 the condition, to handle 20~40 minutes at pH.
CNB2006101545260A 2006-11-06 2006-11-06 Method for fabricating soft knitting face fabric from cotton CN100497789C (en)

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CNB2006101545260A CN100497789C (en) 2006-11-06 2006-11-06 Method for fabricating soft knitting face fabric from cotton

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CN100497789C true CN100497789C (en) 2009-06-10

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CN102061546B (en) * 2010-12-08 2013-05-15 浙江台华新材料股份有限公司 Plain cloth and preparation method thereof
CN102505404B (en) * 2011-09-14 2016-03-09 葛江波 A kind of trimming process of double-mercerized cotton knitted silk-like fabric
CN102926158A (en) * 2012-11-12 2013-02-13 江苏金辰针纺织有限公司 Physical pressure rolling absorbing softening method
CN103614925B (en) * 2013-11-04 2016-05-18 嵊州盛泰针织有限公司 A kind of processing method of health environment-friendly fabric
CN103603155B (en) * 2013-11-14 2016-04-06 嵊州盛泰针织有限公司 A kind of processing method of textile cool feeling knit fabric
CN103622399B (en) * 2013-11-26 2016-04-06 宁波宝翔新材料有限公司 The treatment process washed of a kind of cloth products or summer sleeping mat
CN103774331B (en) * 2014-01-20 2015-04-01 宁波百佳纺织服装有限公司 Production process of permanently-elastic all-cotton fine-needle rib
CN103952848A (en) * 2014-05-06 2014-07-30 广东溢达纺织有限公司 Novel piece dyed mercerized knitted fabrics and manufacturing method thereof
CN104727052A (en) * 2014-11-28 2015-06-24 江苏坤风纺织品有限公司 Production method of artificial liquid cotton knitted fabric
CN105483919A (en) * 2016-01-20 2016-04-13 石狮市鸿裕针织服饰有限公司 Ultralight soft rib fabric and preparation method thereof
CN105862461A (en) * 2016-04-19 2016-08-17 浙江富润印染有限公司 Printing and dyeing technology for dual-mercerized cotton with colorful discharge printing effect
CN107881790B (en) * 2017-11-15 2020-04-07 广州市盈科化工科技有限公司 Finishing method and preparation method of vulcanized black cotton knitted fabric
CN108625068B (en) * 2018-04-27 2020-08-11 嵊州盛泰针织有限公司 Dyeing device for processing water-soft cotton knitted fabric and fabric processing method
CN109097901A (en) * 2018-08-19 2018-12-28 宁波元元光大服饰有限公司 A kind of not plucking flannelette production technology
CN110541308A (en) * 2019-09-12 2019-12-06 愉悦家纺有限公司 Preparation method of long-acting antibacterial pure cotton fabric
CN110714264A (en) * 2019-10-10 2020-01-21 浙江森马服饰股份有限公司 Production process of fluffy and breathable warm-keeping fabric
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CN111286861A (en) * 2020-04-03 2020-06-16 红豆集团无锡红豆童装有限公司 Processing method of water-soft cotton knitted fabric

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