CN101200923A - Masonry method for laying insulating layer between stretcher and wall having stretcher-header combination structure - Google Patents

Masonry method for laying insulating layer between stretcher and wall having stretcher-header combination structure Download PDF

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Publication number
CN101200923A
CN101200923A CNA200710305510XA CN200710305510A CN101200923A CN 101200923 A CN101200923 A CN 101200923A CN A200710305510X A CNA200710305510X A CN A200710305510XA CN 200710305510 A CN200710305510 A CN 200710305510A CN 101200923 A CN101200923 A CN 101200923A
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China
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stretcher
layer
building
stones
combining
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CNA200710305510XA
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
刘志伟
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刘志伟
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Priority to CNA200710305510XA priority Critical patent/CN101200923A/en
Publication of CN101200923A publication Critical patent/CN101200923A/en

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Abstract

Belonging to the energy-saving field of buildings, the present invention relates to a masonry method of sandwiching a thermal insulation layer in a wall body using stretchers and provided with a stretcher-header tile combined structure, which is characterized in that the thermal insulation layer is sandwiched between stretchers and the wall body with the thickness equal to the length of a header tile and provided with the stretcher-header tile combined structure. The present invention has five advantages: (1) cold bridges are less and the energy-saving effect is good; (2) the aesthetics of the traditional architectural art is rich and the wall body can be directly used as a dry wall; (3) the cramps used inside the wall body ensure that the sandwiched wall body is firmer; (4) the different correlations of stretchers and header tiles are: the length of one stretcher is equal to the width of two header tiles plus mortar joint, the length of one header tile is larger than the width of two stretchers, and the thicknesses are equal; the thickness of the constructed composite wall is equal to the width of one stretcher plus the width of the thermal insulation layer plus one the length of one header tile, that is, 290mm plus or minus 10; Moreover, the traditional wall with a thickness of 240mm and wall with a thickness of 180mm can also be constructed, and the wall height per meter is equal to ten layers of bricks; (5) the present invention can fulfill multiple working procedures in one step, such as decoration strengthening, spacing enclosure, thermal insulation sandwiching, etc. (in the figure, A represents a stretcher, B represents a header tile, 1 represents a cramp, 2 represents a horizontal mortar joint, 3 represents a vertical mortar joint, and 4 represents a sandwiched thermal insulation layer).

Description

Add the building method that presss from both sides insulation layer with stretcher and body of wall with the suitable combining structure of fourth

Technical field:

A kind of the adding with the body of wall with the suitable combining structure of fourth with stretcher that the present invention relates in the energy saving building heat insulating sandwich combined wall field, pressed from both sides the insulation layer building method.

Background technology:

At present, China has built up existing nearly 40,000,000,000 square metres building, basically be the highly energy-consuming building, institute's consumes energy such as unit area heating or cooling are equivalent to 3 times of the approaching developed country of weather, but level of comfort inverse ratio developed country is far short of what is expected, heating or cooling with can 2/3 run away in vain, this is main because what be that the space enclosing structures such as outer body of wall of building use is that non-energy-saving heat-insulating wall causes.On the structural masonry wall body, this just is faced with the significant problem of an energy saving building construction or building energy conservation reduction of discharging.

Though more existing technology or the method that building heat insulation sandwich composite wall bodies are arranged, for example: US4028860A and CN1737284A number of patent application 200510044507.8 come building heat insulation sandwich composite wall body, to improve or to strengthen the incubation and thermal insulation function effect of external body of wall; But, it lacks building traditional art aesthetic feeling because of using back integral body or its, immanent structure is of poor quality, or its cost cost height, the speed of building by laying bricks or stones are slow, percentage of usable dwelling area low and or cause it to conduct heat conduction cold bridge how and cause its heat preservation and energy conservation effects difference or the like because of it uses a building method along a fourth heat insulating sandwich formula, so above its building method or its comprehensive benefit effect of bringing are unsatisfactory.

Summary of the invention:

Solve the above existing heat insulating sandwich combined wall incubation and thermal insulation function difference or defective or the deficiency that conducting spots is many or cold bridge is many and building method exists of dispelling the heat for overcoming, the present invention will provide a kind of to add the building method that presss from both sides insulation layer with stretcher and the body of wall with the suitable combining structure of fourth, build by laying bricks or stones and become to have two along seeing above many of fourth or its along seeing fourth and having multiple pattern or multiple heat preservation energy-saving sandwich composite wall body, to strengthen or to improve and improve the especially heat insulation function or the effect of heat preservation energy-saving of heat preservation energy-saving sandwich composite wall body of its building energy conservation body of wall with different structure.

The technical solution adopted for the present invention to solve the technical problems is: provide or use a kind ofly with stretcher with have fourth and add the building method that presss from both sides insulation layer along the body of wall of combining structure, build by laying bricks or stones and become to have heat preservation energy-saving sandwich composite wall body.The building method of its heat preservation energy-saving sandwich composite wall body, its principle mainly be by or utilize have inequality along the stretcher in the header with have fourth and press from both sides again along space between the body of wall of combining structure or space and add insulation material layer and build the heat preservation energy-saving sandwich composite wall body of Cheng Feiyi by laying bricks or stones along a fourth heat insulating sandwich formula, with since carry out the thermal resistance thermal insulation, to reach the purpose of better building energy conservation.It is the invention on a kind of building method.

The object of the present invention is achieved like this: produce, use two or more brick with different specification size or shape or building block, wherein have a kind ofly by the appellation stretcher, another kind is then by the appellation header, and stretcher and header have 6 faces, and all are rectangles; Header and stretcher be relative under this, and its big or bar face length of side elder are stretcher (Fig. 1), and weak point person is header (Fig. 2); The length of side elder of end face is the wide of brick, and wide person is header (Fig. 2), and short narrow person is stretcher (Fig. 1).The cross correlation of its stretcher and header is: or relatively-stationary, or the wide+mortar joint of the length of 1 stretcher=2 headers; Or the wide+mortar joint of the length of 1 header=2 stretchers, or the length of 1 header>(greater than) 2 stretchers wide; The thickness of its stretcher and header is promptly high identical equal or close.With different stretchers and header building heat insulation energy-saving sandwich combined wall the time, its heat insulating material layer added folder or be filled in continuous 2 layers or it is built by laying bricks or stones more than it multilayer or many along vertical stretchers and its its thickness of building by laying bricks or stones be 1 header long and have fourth along the centre of the body of wall of combining structure or between (Fig. 9-14), multilayer wherein or how suitable numerical value or size what>(greater than) 2 layers or 2 suitable, promptly formed and had the energy-saving and thermal insulating sandwich composite wall body of building by laying bricks or stones with different stretchers and header; Its process of building sandwich composite wall by laying bricks or stones is exactly with stretcher and has fourth and add use on the building method that presss from both sides insulation layer along the body of wall of combining structure.In the process of building energy-saving heat preserving sandwich composite wall body by laying bricks or stones, stretcher and header need and must complement one another be used in combination, and can not use separately, promptly stretcher must make that it is long * high face outside or outwardly, header must make that it is wide * high face is outside or outwardly.It is by different being used in combination, can build by laying bricks or stones to arrange out to have 2 along seeing fourth or its 3 along seeing fourth, many along seeing fourth etc. or heat insulating sandwich combined wall with differing heights or different types of structure, the numerical value of wherein how suitable or size what>[greater than] 2 suitable.Please see accompanying drawing 9-14 for details.

Description of drawings:

Below in conjunction with accompanying drawing and concrete building method, the present invention is described in further detail. For convenience of description, the spy represents stretcher with the A in the accompanying drawing, and B represents header, and in this explanation In, the length of stretcher * high area is referred to as big face (Fig. 1,3,5).

Fig. 1-the 13rd, stravismus schematic perspective view of the present invention or oblique view.

Figure 14 is floor map of the present invention or schematic top plan view. Topmost portion among its figure With the combined non-sandwich thermal insulation composite wall of building by laying bricks or stones of different stretchers and header, its thickness To have traditional fourth of standard along 240 walls (unit: same under the mm) of structure; Its side of building by laying bricks or stones Method or its building process be 1 stretcher wide+length of mortar joint+1 header. Pars intermedia among its figure Dividing is that it is thick with the combined non-sandwich thermal insulation composite wall of building by laying bricks or stones of different stretchers and header Degree is 156 walls that 1 fourth is long and have the suitable combining structure of fourth, the wherein length of 1 header=2 stretchers Wide+mortar joint=have fourth is along the thickness (Fig. 8) of the body of wall of combining structure; This also has mark The fourth facing bond building structure of an accurate traditional fourth one cis, its generally should be applicable to building in Wall or division wall use. Lowermost part among its figure is the present invention with stretcher and has fourth along combination The body of wall of structure adds the sandwich thermal insulation composite wall plane that folder insulation material layer builds by laying bricks or stones and shows Intention or schematic top plan view, its thickness is 280 walls, its building method or its building process are 1 Stretcher wide+the growing and have fourth along the wall of combining structure of insulation material layer+1 header Body. At this upper, middle and lower had different types of structure or difference in functionality effect or different-thickness Body of wall, with being drawn among the same figure, can playing obvious difference and build by laying bricks or stones with different stretchers and header Become effect and its difference thereof of non-heat insulating sandwich combined wall and heat insulating sandwich combined wall.

Fig. 1, Fig. 3, Fig. 5 are stretchers, represent (together lower) with A, and wherein Fig. 1 is Solid brick, Fig. 3, Fig. 5 are hollow bricks.

Fig. 2, Fig. 4, Fig. 6 are headers, represent (down together) with B, and wherein Fig. 2 is a solid brick, and Fig. 4, Fig. 6 are hollow bricks.

Fig. 7 is palladium curium nail or reinforcing bar connected nail.

Fig. 8 is that its thickness is 1 header length and has the stravismus schematic perspective view of fourth along the body of wall of combining structure.

Fig. 9 is the used in the present invention 3 suitable 3 suitable stravismus schematic perspective views of seeing fourth sandwich composite wall body of seeing that the fourth method is built by laying bricks or stones.

Figure 10 is the used in the present invention 5 suitable 5 suitable stravismus schematic perspective views of seeing fourth heat insulating sandwich combined wall of seeing that the fourth method is built by laying bricks or stones.

Figure 11 is used in the present invention how many along the stravismus schematic perspective view of seeing fourth heat insulating sandwich combined wall along seeing that the fourth method is built by laying bricks or stones.

Figure 12 is used in the present invention 3 along seeing fourth or many along seeing that fourth adds the stravismus schematic perspective view of the double-layer heat insulation sandwich composite wall body that folder double-layer heat insulation material layer method built by laying bricks or stones.

Figure 13 is used in the present invention with stretcher with have fourth adds the heat insulating sandwich combined wall that the big board-like sandwich thermal insulated material layer of folder builds by laying bricks or stones along the body of wall of combining structure stravismus schematic perspective view.

The lowermost part of Figure 14 is employed floor map or the schematic top plan view that adds the building method institute building heat insulation energy-saving sandwich combined wall that presss from both sides insulation layer with stretcher and the body of wall with the suitable combining structure of fourth of the present invention.

A among the accompanying drawing 8-14 represents it is that stretcher, B represent header; 1 expression is palladium curium nail or reinforcing bar connected nail; 2 expressions are horizontal mortar joints; 3 expressions are vertical mortar joints; 4 expressions are the insulation material layers in the heat preservation energy-saving sandwich composite wall body.

Fig. 8 is that its thickness in this manual is growing of 1 header and has fourth along the body of wall of combining structure, its clearly illustrated that 1 header length=2 stretchers wide+mortar joint or>[greater than] 2 stretchers loose=have the thickness of fourth along the body of wall of combining structure.

Fig. 9 is a usefulness of the present invention 3 along seeing that the fourth method builds by laying bricks or stones, will carry out the mutual drawknot of fourth stretcher with 1 layer of header at least when promptly whenever vertically building 3 layers of stretcher continuously by laying bricks or stones.Figure 10 is with 5 along seeing that the fourth method builds by laying bricks or stones, will carry out the mutual drawknot of fourth stretcher with 1 layer of header at least when promptly whenever vertically building 5 layers of stretcher continuously by laying bricks or stones.Figure 11 is along seeing that the fourth method builds by laying bricks or stones with many; At least to use 1 layer of header to carry out the mutual drawknot of fourth stretcher when promptly whenever vertically building a plurality of or multilayer stretcher continuously by laying bricks or stones.Figure 12 is along seeing fourth or many along seeing that fourth double-layer heat insulation sandwich method builds by laying bricks or stones with 3, at least to use 1 layer of header to carry out the mutual drawknot of fourth stretcher when promptly whenever vertically building 3 layers of stretcher continuously by laying bricks or stones, and in its sandwich composite wall body, used the double-layer heat insulation material, and made spacing or distance between its double-layer heat insulation material layer have keeping parallelism state in the double-layer heat insulation sandwich composite wall body at it.Figure 13 vertically builds continuously the heat insulating sandwich combined wall of the big board-like insulation layer of multilayer stretcher+integral body+have fourth along the body of wall of combining structure=built by laying bricks or stones by laying bricks or stones, its building method or building process be vertically build by laying bricks or stones a plurality of continuously or multilayer stretcher+integral body greatly plate insulation layer+its thickness be 1 header length and body of wall that have the suitable combining structure of fourth.

In Fig. 9-13, all clearly illustrated that heat insulation sandwich thermal insulated layer be in add folder or be filled in a plurality of or multilayer stretcher of vertically building by laying bricks or stones continuously and its thickness be 1 header long and have fourth along the centre of the body of wall of combining structure or between, and use stretcher that palladium vertically builds by laying bricks or stones its multilayer according to nail or reinforcing bar connected nail and body of wall to carry out being connected or drawknot with the suitable combining structure of fourth.Its stretcher and the relation that has between the suitable body of wall of combining structure of fourth are interactional, building by laying bricks or stones when having the energy-saving sandwich combined wall, and both are indispensable, and wide [thick] of the wide+insulation material layer of 1 stretcher+have fourth is along the thickness of the sandwich composite wall body of the thickness of the body of wall of combining structure=build by laying bricks or stones with its building method; Wide+the mortar joint of 2 stretchers=have fourth is along the length of thickness=1 header of the body of wall of combining structure, or the length of 1 header>[greater than] 2 stretchers wide, the wide+mortar joint of the length of 1 stretcher=2 headers again wherein, the height of stretcher and header [thick] equates or is close.

In sum, from accompanying drawing 9-13, can both clearly see it being 3 along seeing that fourth, 5 is along seeing fourth, many along seeing that fourth or double-deck sandwich or big board-like heat preservation energy-saving sandwich composite wall body etc. all are vertically to build by laying bricks or stones a plurality of continuously or multilayer stretcher+insulation material layer+its thickness is the long and body of wall that have the suitable combining structure of fourth of 1 header.When adding the folder insulation layer with building heat insulation energy-saving sandwich combined wall with body of wall with the suitable combining structure of fourth with stretcher, and the face that makes the length of its stretcher * high outside or outwardly, wide * high the face of header be header end face outside or outwardly, and insulation material layer be in or press from both sides be added in centre that a plurality of or vertical stretcher of multilayer and its thickness are the long and body of wall that have the suitable combining structure of fourth of 1 header or between.Its connection or drawknot stretcher and have fourth and do not limit along the curium of the palladium between the body of wall of combining structure nail or the employed quantity of reinforcing bar connected nail or employed position.Its employed heat insulating sandwich material layer in the heat insulating sandwich combined wall is non-mortar mortar joint.And in this manual with its a plurality of or multilayer stretcher of vertically building by laying bricks or stones continuously how suitablely abbreviate as.

The present invention is with stretcher and have fourth adds thickness=1 stretcher of the heat insulating sandwich combined wall that the building method that presss from both sides insulation layer builds by laying bricks or stones along the body of wall of combining structure the length of wide (thick)+1 header of wide+heat-insulation and heat-preservation material; Wherein wide+the mortar joint of the length of its 1 header=2 stretchers or>[greater than] 2 stretchers loose.Its step method of building or building sandwich thermal insulated composite wall by laying bricks or stones is: the length of wide+heat-insulation and heat-preservation material layer+1 header of 1 stretcher+horizontally put; Or wide+mortar joint+1 stretcher of wide+heat-insulation and heat-preservation material layer+1 stretcher of 1 stretcher is loose+horizontally put; Or wide+heat-insulation and heat-preservation material layer+1 stretcher of wide+heat-insulation and heat-preservation material layer+1 stretcher of 1 stretcher is wide+horizontally put; And its upper and lower layer multi-layer formula (inferior) is vertically built by laying bricks or stones along the header combination collocation.In the process of building by laying bricks or stones and with the palladium of different length or quantity curium nail or reinforcing bar connected nail, its stretcher and body of wall with the suitable combining structure of fourth are connected or drawknot, so that its sandwich thermal insulated combined wall is firm more solid.As in the sandwich composite wall body, using 1 layer of heat insulating material layer promptly is to be individual layer sandwich composite thermal-insulating wall (Fig. 9, Figure 10, Figure 11, Figure 13, Figure 14), as promptly being to be the sandwich thermal insulated combined wall of bilayer [Figure 12] having used two-layer heat insulating material layer on the same horizontal plane or on the vertical cross-section or on the section.

Add employed stretcher and header in the building method that presss from both sides insulation layer with stretcher and body of wall with the suitable combining structure of fourth, be two kinds of specifications or shape building block or building block brick [Fig. 1-6] inequality fully, but it between the two, exist inherent mutual proportionate relationship again, between it or relatively-stationary, or the wide+mortar joint of the length of 1 stretcher=2 headers [Fig. 9-14]: or the length of loose+mortar joint of the length of 1 header=2 stretchers [Fig. 9-14] or 1 header>[greater than] loose [Fig. 8-13] of 2 stretchers; The height of stretcher and header or thickness identical or close [Fig. 9-13]; The material that its stretcher and header constituted is that employed material composition is not limit, and can be that fire or non-firing.And it is employed have stretcher inequality and header can be solid [Fig. 1, Fig. 2), also can be hollow [Fig. 3--Fig. 6]; The hollow emptying aperture direction of its hollow block brick is direction horizontal direction or non-perpendicular.

Among the accompanying drawing 9-14 4 is that dash area represents it is the material layer with heat-insulation and heat-preservation function, and its material can be varied, but it is non-mortar mortar joint.Among the accompanying drawing 9-14 1 expression is palladium curium nail or reinforcing bar drawknot nail, its this in the sandwich composite wall body, can play and a kind ofly reinforce the sandwich combined wall or by the drawknot stretcher with have fourth along the body of wall of combining structure, thereby make the firm more solid effect of its sandwich composite wall body; The length of its this nail can=thickness of [equaling] sandwich composite wall body, its two ends are revealed in outside the body of wall; Also can<[less than] thickness of sandwich composite wall body, insert it into stretcher and have fourth, and make its two ends buried in the sandwich composite wall body along between the body of wall of combining structure.Its material of making this nail is not limit.It has washability with every square metre of position for many of 1--or its use of this consumption, does not limit indefinite (Fig. 9-14).

The specific embodiment:

Now to decide stretcher length * height * wide size be 240 * 90 * 73 to hypothesis, and the size relationship of its length is a length>height 〉=wide, and header length * wide * high size is 156 * 115 * 90, and the size relationship of its length is length>wide 〉=height; Wide (thick) of insulation material layer is 50, unit; Millimeter (mm), mortar joint 10mm (seeing figure plane signal Figure 14 for details).Concrete enforcement is built by laying bricks or stones as follows:

1, its stretcher is vertically built by laying bricks or stones for continuous 3 layers, and promptly 240 * 90 face is outside or outwardly to make its big, again the insulation material plate of its thickness 50mm is put into or add be clipped in its thickness be 1 header long and have fourth along the centre of the body of wall of combining structure or between, just formed with different stretchers and header building heat insulation energy-saving sandwich combined wall.In its sandwich composite wall body, with the face of the length of stretcher * high outside or outwardly, and with the wide * high face of header outside or outwardly.For making its sandwich composite wall body have more traditional architecture artistry and soundness, and for avoiding its sandwich composite wall body in the cross section or the surface straight seam of the laminboard layer of section part, build by laying bricks or stones and arrange the 1st, 2,3 layers of methods with the 7th, 8,9 layer are the same, it is the same to build the 4th, 5,6 layer of methods with the 10th, 11,12 layer of arrangement by laying bricks or stones; Even the 1st, 2,3 layers of its stretchers of vertically building by laying bricks or stones continuously with the 7th, 8,9 layer on its right, so just make the 4th, 5,6 layers of its stretchers of vertically building by laying bricks or stones continuously with 10,11,12 layers on its left side, circulation is built by laying bricks or stones so repeatedly, even the 1st, 2,3 layers the 7th, 8,9 layer of the position of its heat insulating material laminboard layer is perpendicular overlapping, 4th, 5,6 layers perpendicular overlapping with the 10th, 11,12 layer, just built by laying bricks or stones into having 3 along seeing the heat preservation energy-saving sandwich composite wall body (Fig. 9) of fourth.Its 3 length (Fig. 9 Figure 14) along wide (thick)+1 header of the wide+insulation material layer of thickness=1 stretcher of seeing fourth heat insulating sandwich combined wall.In order to make it 3 along seeing that the sandwich composite wall body of fourth is firm more solid, in building construction, also need use the palladium curium nail of determined number not or steel tie nail that its stretcher and body of wall with the suitable combining structure of fourth are carried out drawknot or be connected.Thereafter promptly with stretcher with have fourth and add the building method that press from both sides insulation layer along the body of wall of combining structure and build by laying bricks or stones to have formed and have 3 and suitablely see the heat insulating sandwich combined wall of fourth, its thickness and be 280mm (Fig. 9, Figure 14).It builds 3 by laying bricks or stones along the processes of seeing the heat insulating sandwich combined wall of fourth, and to be exactly the present invention add the building method that presss from both sides insulation layer with stretcher and body of wall with the suitable combining structure of fourth builds one of procedure of sandwich composite wall body by laying bricks or stones.

2, will vertically build by laying bricks or stones for continuous 5 layers with its stretcher, and promptly 240 * 90 face is outside or outwardly to make its big, again the insulation material plate of its thickness 50mm is put into or add be clipped in its thickness be 1 header long and have fourth along the centre of the body of wall of combining structure or between, just formed the heat preservation energy-saving sandwich composite wall body of building by laying bricks or stones with different stretchers and header.In its sandwich composite wall body, with the face of the length of stretcher * high outside or outwardly, and with the wide * high face of header outside or outwardly.For making its sandwich composite wall body have more traditional architecture artistry and soundness, and be to avoid the cross section of its sandwich composite wall body or the laminboard layer surface straight seam partly of section, it is the same to build the methods of arranging the same 11-15 layer of 1-5 layer by laying bricks or stones, and the methods of building the same 16-20 layer of arrangement 6-10 layer by laying bricks or stones are the same.Even the same 11-15 layer of its stretcher 1-5 layer of vertically building by laying bricks or stones continuously on its right, so just makes the same 16-20 layer of its stretcher 6-10 layer of vertically building by laying bricks or stones continuously on its left side.Circulation is built by laying bricks or stones so repeatedly, promptly and the position 1-5 layer that makes its heat insulating material laminboard layer perpendicular overlapping with the 11-15 layer, the 6-10 layer is perpendicular overlapping with the 16-20 layer, has just built by laying bricks or stones into having 5 along seeing the heat preservation energy-saving sandwich composite wall body (Figure 10) of fourth.Its 5 length (Figure 10,14) along wide (thick)+1 header of the wide+insulation material layer of thickness=1 stretcher of seeing the heat insulating sandwich combined wall of fourth.For making it 5 along seeing that the sandwich composite wall body of fourth is firm more solid, in building construction, also need use the palladium curium nail of determined number not or steel tie nail that its stretcher and body of wall with the suitable combining structure of fourth are carried out drawknot or be connected, thereafter promptly with stretcher with have fourth and add the building method that press from both sides insulation layer along the body of wall of combining structure and build by laying bricks or stones to have formed and have 5 and suitablely see the heat insulating sandwich combined wall of fourth, its thickness and be 280mm (Figure 10, Figure 14).It builds 5 by laying bricks or stones along the processes of seeing the heat insulating sandwich combined wall of fourth, and to be exactly the present invention add the building method that presss from both sides insulation layer with stretcher and body of wall with the suitable combining structure of fourth builds one of procedure of sandwich composite wall body by laying bricks or stones.

3, with stretcher with have fourth and add the building method that press from both sides insulation layer along the body of wall of combining structure and build many ways and means or its principle methods along the heat insulating sandwich combined wall of seeing fourth by laying bricks or stones and be equal to and build 3 by laying bricks or stones and suitablely see that fourth, 5 suitablely sees that the methods of fourth and principle method thereof are basic identical; Soon vertically build by laying bricks or stones with its stretcher continuous multilayer, and promptly 240 * 90 face is outside or outwardly to make its big, again the insulation material plate of its thickness 50mm is put into or add be clipped in its thickness be 1 header long and have fourth along the centre of the body of wall of combining structure or between, just formed with different stretchers and header building heat insulation energy-saving sandwich combined wall.In its sandwich composite wall body, with the face of the length of stretcher * high outside or outwardly, and with the wide * high face of header outside or outwardly.For making its sandwich composite wall body have more traditional architecture artistry and soundness, and be the surface straight seam of the laminboard layer part of avoiding the cross section of its sandwich composite wall body or section, whenever when vertically being built by laying bricks or stones, the stretcher continuous multilayer to use 1 layer of header to carry out the mutual drawknot of fourth stretcher at least.The multilayer here is if represent with the N layer, so the numerical value of N or size how much be>[greater than] 2, so just built by laying bricks or stones into suitable more than having and seen the heat preservation energy-saving sandwich composite wall bodies (Figure 11) of fourth.The length (Figure 11,14) of wide (thick)+1 header of its many wide+insulation material layers along thickness=1 stretcher of seeing the heat insulating sandwich combined wall of fourth.For making them many, in building construction, also need use the palladium saw nail of determined number not or steel tie nail that its stretcher is carried out drawknot with header or be connected along seeing that the sandwich composite wall body of fourth is firm more solid.After it promptly with stretcher with have fourth and add the building method that press from both sides insulation layer along the body of wall of combining structure and build by laying bricks or stones to have formed and have the how suitable heat insulating sandwich combined walls of fourth of seeing, its thickness and be 280mm (Figure 11, Figure 14).It builds by laying bricks or stones many along the processes of seeing the heat insulating sandwich combined wall of fourth, and to be exactly the present invention add the building method that presss from both sides insulation layer with stretcher and body of wall with the suitable combining structure of fourth builds one of procedure of sandwich composite wall body by laying bricks or stones.

4, will vertically build by laying bricks or stones for continuous 3 layers with its stretcher, and make its big promptly 240 * 90 face outside or outwardly, again the insulation material plate of its thickness 25mm is put into or is pressed from both sides be added in its thickness be growing of 1 header and have fourth along the centre of the body of wall of combining structure or between; This its its thickness is growing of 1 header and has fourth along the vertical mortar joint between the stretcher of the body of wall of combining structure and the stretcher, replaced with the insulation material plate of its thickness, so just formed with different stretchers and header and built into double-deck sandwich thermal insulated combined wall by laying bricks or stones by 25mm.In its double-deck sandwich composite wall body, with the face of the length of stretcher * high outside or outwardly, and with the wide * high face of header outside or outwardly.At this, wide (thick) of the wide+insulation material layer of the length of 1 header wherein=2 stretchers, promptly the length of 1 header>[greater than] 2 stretchers wide.For making its double-deck sandwich composite wall body have more traditional architecture artistry and soundness, in building process, per 3 layers of stretcher of vertically building by laying bricks or stones continuously just need use 1 layer of header to carry out the mutual drawknot of fourth stretcher at least, even 1,2,3 layers of the insulation layers on its left side are vertical with 5,6,7 layer 9,10,11...... layer overlaid, and make that 1,3,4,5 layer on the insulation temperature layer on its right is same 7,8,9...... layer overlaid is vertical.Insulation layer in double-deck sandwich composite wall body and the distance between another insulation layer or spacing are to remain on parastate (Figure 12).Wide (thick) of the wide+insulation material layer of the thickness of its double-layer heat insulation sandwich composite wall body=1 stretcher or+length of wide (thick)+1 header of double-layer heat insulation material layer; Wherein the length of 1 header>(greater than) 2 stretchers wide or=wide (thick) of the wide+heat insulating material of 2 stretchers.In order to make it 3 along seeing that the double-deck sandwich composite wall body of fourth is firm more solid, in building construction, also need the palladium curium nail of determined number not or steel tie nail that its stretcher and body of wall with the suitable combining structure of fourth are carried out drawknot or be connected.Thereafter promptly with different stretchers with have fourth and add the building method that press from both sides insulation layer along the body of wall of combining structure and build by laying bricks or stones to have formed and have 3 and suitablely see the sandwich thermal insulated combined wall of fourth bilayer, its thickness and be 280mm (Figure 12 refers again to the relevant data of part Figure 14).

As build 5 by laying bricks or stones along seeing fourth or many along the methods or the method principle of seeing the double-deck sandwich thermal insulated combined wall of fourth, also fundamental sum is built by laying bricks or stones 3 also substantially the same or close along the methods or the method principle of the double-deck sandwich thermal insulated combined wall of seeing fourth.It is specifically built aligning method by laying bricks or stones and omits in manual of the present invention.It builds by laying bricks or stones many along the processes of seeing the double-deck sandwich thermal insulated combined wall of fourth, is exactly the present invention with stretcher and has fourth and add along the body of wall of combining structure and press from both sides insulation layer and build one of procedure of sandwich composite wall body by laying bricks or stones.

5, will vertically build by laying bricks or stones with its stretcher continuous multilayer, and it is its height of building by laying bricks or stones is identical or close with the height in house, and promptly 240 * 90 face is outside or outwardly to make its big, again the insulation material plate of thickness 50mm is put into or add be clipped in its thickness be 1 header long and have fourth along the centre of the body of wall of combining structure or between, promptly formed the big board-like heat insulating material sandwich composite wall body (Figure 13) of building by laying bricks or stones with different stretchers and header.The length of wide (thick)+1 header of the wide+insulation material layer of the thickness of its big board-like heat insulating material sandwich composite wall body=1 stretcher.In its big board-like sandwich thermal insulated combined wall, with the face of the length of stretcher * high outside or outwardly, and with the wide * high face of header outside or outwardly.For making its big board-like heat insulating sandwich combined wall have more traditional architecture artistry and soundness, among building by laying bricks or stones, also need using not, the palladium curium nail or the steel tie nail of determined number are connected or drawknot with the body of wall with the suitable combining structure of fourth its stretcher.After it promptly with stretcher with have fourth and add building method that folder is incubated along the body of wall of combining structure and build by laying bricks or stones to have formed and have big board-like heat insulating sandwich combined wall, its thickness and be 280mm (Figure 13 refers again to the relevant data of a part of Figure 14).If with its thickness be 1 header length and have fourth and be used in the outermost of whole building along the combined wall of combining structure, promptly can be used as whole building be rich in traditional architecture art dry wall or view art of building wall uses.The process that it builds big board-like insulation layer sandwich composite wall body by laying bricks or stones is exactly the present invention with stretcher and have fourth adds the building method that presss from both sides insulation layer along the body of wall of combining structure and builds one of procedure of sandwich composite wall body by laying bricks or stones.

The present invention is a kind of with stretcher with have fourth and add the building method that presss from both sides insulation layer along the body of wall of combining structure, its use that this building method builds by laying bricks or stones 2 along seeing above many of fourth or its along seeing fourth, double-deck sandwich and big board-like sandwich thermal insulated combined wall or the like, compare along 1 fourth sandwich type heat preservation energy-saving sandwich composite wall body and other exterior-wall heat insulation or sandwich thermal insulated building method or masonry panel with existing 1, it has tangible advantage and substantial progress or substantial characteristics.It mainly is 1, heat radiation point (conduction) less or the heat radiation cold bridge few, make its heat-insulating property by force and effects of energy saving and emission reduction good.2, be rich in the traditional architecture aesthetic, can be directly use as the dry wall and the artistic ornamental wall of building.3, in the sandwich composite wall body of dissimilar or structure, used not the palladium curium nail or the reinforcing bar connected nail of determined number, made it firm more more solid and scientific and reasonable than existing heat insulating sandwich combined wall.4, the present invention makes that its heat insulating sandwich combined wall is decorated, reinforces, gone along with sb. to guard him, partition, promptly simultaneously finish synchronously by a step for working procedures such as sandwich thermal insulated, its never maintenance of sandwich thermal insulated material layer part, and reduced working procedure greatly, shortened the engineering time and reduced engineering cost.5,, its sandwich composite wall body heat preservation energy-saving is reduced discharging, and can also have the effect effect of sound insulation damping and art architecture at the same time with the heat insulating sandwich combined wall that the present invention built by laying bricks or stones.6, the present invention not only can build the sandwich composite wall body of its different-thickness or different types of structure by laying bricks or stones with different stretchers and header, and can also build by laying bricks or stones with it and have 240 walls and 156 walls (see Figure 14) of traditional standard fourth along the non-sandwich of structure, and every meter wall height is all used 10 layers of fourth stretcher, thereby make the interval of its building or the selection that retaining wall has had the reasonable science of diversified the best, increase living space or improved " percentage of usable dwelling area ", also therefore reduced cost of construction.7, its building method of the present invention is scientific and reasonable, is to the succession of traditional architecture artistry and develops, and is with low cost in addition, execute and make the tradition basis good, so help large tracts of land, promote the use of on a large scale, and the unlimited prospect of marketing is arranged, make it finally benefit the whole mankind.

Claims (7)

1. in energy saving building heat insulating sandwich combined wall field, a kind of building method that adds insulation layer with stretcher and body of wall folder with the suitable combining structure of fourth, it is characterized in that: its heat insulating material layer is added folder or be filled in stretcher that continuous 2 layers or multilayer more than it vertically build by laying bricks or stones and its thickness be 1 header long and have fourth along the centre of the body of wall of combining structure or between, multilayer wherein or how suitable numerical value or size how much>[greater than] 2 layers or 2 suitable; And make it to become the methods that to build sandwich composite wall body by laying bricks or stones with number of different types or multiple different structure; The stretcher and the header of its employed energy building heat insulation energy-saving sandwich combined wall be two kinds of specifications or shape building block or building block brick inequality fully, but they between the two, exist inherent relatively-stationary mutual proportionate relationship again; Its stretcher and the relation that has between the suitable body of wall of combining structure of fourth are interactional, building by laying bricks or stones when having the energy-saving sandwich combined wall, and both are indispensable, and wide [thick] of the wide+insulation material layer of 1 stretcher+have fourth is along the thickness of the sandwich composite wall body of the thickness of the body of wall of combining structure=build by laying bricks or stones with its building method; Wide+the mortar joint of 2 stretchers=have fourth is along the length of thickness=1 header of the body of wall of combining structure, or the length of 1 header>[greater than] 2 stretchers wide, the wide+mortar joint of the length of 1 stretcher=2 headers again wherein, the height of stretcher and header [thick] equates or is close; Its insulation material layer is non-mortar mortar joint; In building heat insulation sandwich composite wall body, and make its stretcher long * high face outside or outwardly, wide * high the face of header outside or outwardly and uses palladium curium nail or reinforcing bar connected nail to its stretcher with body of wall with the suitable combining structure of fourth is connected or the methods [Fig. 9-14] of the building heat insulation sandwich composite wall body of drawknot.
2. according to claim 1 with stretcher with have fourth and add the building method that presss from both sides insulation layer along the body of wall of combining structure, it is characterized in that: its stretcher is vertically built by laying bricks or stones for continuous 3 layers, again its insulation material plate is put into or add be clipped in its thickness be 1 header long and have fourth along the centre of the body of wall of combining structure or between; It is the same to build the 1st, 2,3 layer of methods with the 7th, 8,9 layer of arrangement by laying bricks or stones, it is the same to build the 4th, 5,6 layer of methods with the 10th, 11,12 layer of arrangement by laying bricks or stones, even the 1st, 2,3 layers of its stretchers of vertically building by laying bricks or stones continuously with the 7th, 8,9 layer on its right, so just make the 4th, 5,6 layers of its stretchers of vertically building by laying bricks or stones continuously with the 10th, 11,12 layer on its left side, circulation is built by laying bricks or stones so repeatedly, has just formed thereafter to have 3 and add the building method (Fig. 9) that presss from both sides insulation layer along what see fourth with stretcher and body of wall with the suitable combining structure of fourth.
3. according to claim 1 with stretcher with have fourth and add the building method that presss from both sides insulation layer along the body of wall of combining structure, it is characterized in that: its stretcher is vertically built by laying bricks or stones for continuous 5 layers, again its insulation material plate is put into or add be clipped in its thickness be 1 header long and have fourth along the centre of the body of wall of combining structure or between; It is the same with the methods of 11-15 layer to build arrangement 1-5 layer by laying bricks or stones, it is the same with the methods of 16-20 layer to build arrangement 6-10 layer by laying bricks or stones, even the same 11-15 layer of its stretcher 1-5 layer of vertically building by laying bricks or stones continuously is on its right, so just make the same 16-20 layer of its stretcher 6-10 layer of vertically building by laying bricks or stones continuously on its left side, circulation is built by laying bricks or stones so repeatedly, has just formed thereafter to have 5 and add the building method (Figure 10) that presss from both sides insulation layer along what see fourth with stretcher and body of wall with the suitable combining structure of fourth.
4. according to claim 1 with stretcher with have fourth and add the building method that presss from both sides insulation layer along the body of wall of combining structure, it is characterized in that: its stretcher continuous multilayer is vertically built by laying bricks or stones, again its insulation material plate is put into or is pressed from both sides be added in its thickness be 1 header long and have fourth along the centre of the body of wall of combining structure or between, whenever, use 1 layer of header to carry out the mutual drawknot of fourth stretcher at least when the stretcher continuous multilayer is vertically built by laying bricks or stones, just formed thereafter to have and manyly add the building method (Figure 11) that presss from both sides insulation layer with stretcher and body of wall with the suitable combining structure of fourth along what see fourth.
5. according to claim 1 with stretcher with have fourth and add the building method that presss from both sides insulation layer along the body of wall of combining structure, it is characterized in that: its stretcher continuous multilayer is vertically built by laying bricks or stones, again its insulation material plate is put into or is pressed from both sides be added in its thickness be 1 header long and have fourth along the centre of the body of wall of combining structure or between, wide (thick) of the wide+insulation material layer of this its 1 header length=2 stretchers, promptly the vertical mortar mortar joint between this 2 stretcher is to replace with being incubated the material plate; Whenever, use 1 layer of header to carry out the mutual drawknot of fourth stretcher at least when the stretcher continuous multilayer is vertically built by laying bricks or stones, and make its insulation material layer with distance or spacing keeping parallelism in double-deck sandwich composite wall body between another insulation material layer; Just formed to have and many added the building method (Figure 12) that presss from both sides insulation layer with stretcher and body of wall with the suitable combining structure of fourth along what see the double-deck sandwich of fourth thereafter.
6. according to claim 1 with stretcher with have fourth and add the building method that presss from both sides insulation layer along the body of wall of combining structure, it is characterized in that: its stretcher continuous multilayer is vertically built by laying bricks or stones, and it is the height of its masonry panel is identical or close with the height in house, again its insulation material plate is put into or is pressed from both sides be added in its thickness be 1 header long and have fourth along the centre of the body of wall of combining structure or between, just formed thereafter to have and board-like added the building method (Figure 13) that presss from both sides insulation layer greatly with stretcher and body of wall with the suitable combining structure of fourth.
7. according to claim 1 with stretcher with have fourth and add the building method that presss from both sides insulation layer along the body of wall of combining structure, it is characterized in that: its employed connection stretcher and have fourth along the thickness of the length=sandwich composite wall of the curium of the palladium between the body of wall of combining structure nail or reinforcing bar connected nail or<[less than] thickness of sandwich composite wall body, the material of its manufacturing is not limit.
CNA200710305510XA 2007-12-22 2007-12-22 Masonry method for laying insulating layer between stretcher and wall having stretcher-header combination structure CN101200923A (en)

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Cited By (8)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN101979794A (en) * 2010-11-09 2011-02-23 胡永忠 Thermal-insulation masonry wall
CN101575886B (en) * 2009-05-20 2011-03-30 康玉范 Technical method for building self-insulating and energy-saving wall with Z-shaped energy-saving building blocks
CN101487303B (en) * 2009-02-09 2012-11-28 哈尔滨天硕建材工业有限公司 Energy-saving wall building technique method by positive positioned L-shaped energy-saving building blocks
CN102900194A (en) * 2012-10-29 2013-01-30 吴方伯 Composite wall for building
CN103061429A (en) * 2013-01-18 2013-04-24 李光谦 Brick house comprising walls with cavities and thicknesses of 42 centimeters
CN103726665A (en) * 2013-12-29 2014-04-16 刘志伟 Masonry concave-convex wall and method for installing water pipe on masonry concave-convex wall to form heating wall
CN104863301A (en) * 2014-12-03 2015-08-26 何云强 Straight-hole-type hollow block series with vertical mortar joint mortar grooves and wall body form types
CN105421622A (en) * 2015-12-14 2016-03-23 中山市诚盛建材开发有限公司 Thermal insulation wall

Cited By (8)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN101487303B (en) * 2009-02-09 2012-11-28 哈尔滨天硕建材工业有限公司 Energy-saving wall building technique method by positive positioned L-shaped energy-saving building blocks
CN101575886B (en) * 2009-05-20 2011-03-30 康玉范 Technical method for building self-insulating and energy-saving wall with Z-shaped energy-saving building blocks
CN101979794A (en) * 2010-11-09 2011-02-23 胡永忠 Thermal-insulation masonry wall
CN102900194A (en) * 2012-10-29 2013-01-30 吴方伯 Composite wall for building
CN103061429A (en) * 2013-01-18 2013-04-24 李光谦 Brick house comprising walls with cavities and thicknesses of 42 centimeters
CN103726665A (en) * 2013-12-29 2014-04-16 刘志伟 Masonry concave-convex wall and method for installing water pipe on masonry concave-convex wall to form heating wall
CN104863301A (en) * 2014-12-03 2015-08-26 何云强 Straight-hole-type hollow block series with vertical mortar joint mortar grooves and wall body form types
CN105421622A (en) * 2015-12-14 2016-03-23 中山市诚盛建材开发有限公司 Thermal insulation wall

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