CN101082155B - Dyeing and finishing method for core-spun single woven fabric - Google Patents

Dyeing and finishing method for core-spun single woven fabric Download PDF

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Publication number
CN101082155B
CN101082155B CN2007101186239A CN200710118623A CN101082155B CN 101082155 B CN101082155 B CN 101082155B CN 2007101186239 A CN2007101186239 A CN 2007101186239A CN 200710118623 A CN200710118623 A CN 200710118623A CN 101082155 B CN101082155 B CN 101082155B
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dyeing
finishing
fabric
spun
core
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CN2007101186239A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN101082155A (en
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张旭东
施楣梧
李永海
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中国人民解放军总后勤部军需装备研究所
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Abstract

The process of dyeing and finishing covered yarn fabric includes the steps of preparing gray cloth, singeing, boiling and rinsing in an overflow dyeing machine, finishing, mercerizing, dyeing or whitening, finishing and full decatizing. The process has combined overflow processing and open width processing, and includes overflow boiling and rinsing step, overflow dyeing step and other open width steps. Compared with conventional all open width process, the present invention has improved less dyeing defects, less color difference and improved hand feeling; and compared with common overflow process, the present invention has increased mercerizing treatment, raised fabric vividness and color fastness, and improved visual quality of the fabric.

Description

A kind of dyeing and finishing method of core-spun single woven fabric
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of dyeing and finishing method of core-spun single woven fabric.
Background technology
Pure cotton fabric has excellent snugness of fit and good hand feeling, but wrinkle resistance is poor, as wash the back when then wearing without flatiron outward appearance very poor; Though conventional polyester cotton has improved wrinkle resistance, feel is poor, contact comfort is poor, the chemical fibre sense strong, product specification is not high.For the uniform underlinen fabric, requiring has the wash and wear that outward appearance is well-pressed, comfortable and easy to wear, excellence is arranged, i.e. washing back is a universal without flatiron, and keeps smooth well-pressed outward appearance.
For this reason, adopt cladded yarn that polyester filament outsourcing cotton fiber (particularly outsourcing long-staple cotton fiber) forms and through weaving the fabric that dyeing and finishing forms, because of the soft cotton fiber inside of surface and being of human body skin contact with relative just endured wash the filament length silk, then obtained the feel of cotton, and solved the not crease-resistant problem of all-cotton fabric, be specially adapted to subdue underlinen fabric and other high-grade clothing linings.
Continuous open width knot dyeing technology is adopted in the dyeing and finishing of polyester-cotton fabric usually, also can adopt dye gigging or overflow process intermittently.Because the restriction of the accuracy limitations of dyeing apparatus self and the concentration uniformity of dyeing and finishing working solution, stability, fabric local pressure, band liquid inequality, the irregular situation of being heated appear in open width knot dyeing technology inevitably, influence level-dyeing property, the aberration that left, center, right, front and back, positive and negative might occur, even the sign indicating number difference phenomenon of color can appear.Adopt the color uniformity of traditional overflow process to be better than open width processing, but generally all do not have mercerizing process, cause dyestuff dye-uptake, finished product COLOR FASTNESS lower, the part color that dyes the cotton that comes is relatively withered secretly, and cloth cover is smooth inadequately, meticulous, seems senior inadequately.For core-spun single woven fabric, because two kinds of composition boundaries in the yarn are obvious, the dyeing difficulty is higher than common BLENDED FABRIC, easier comparatively speaking level dyeing and the aberration problem of occurring.
Therefore, provide a kind of and can improve the colouring problems such as left, center, right aberration, front and back aberration and male and female face that knot dyeing technology occurs easily, can effectively improve again on the cotton dyestuff partly and dye situation, thereby the dyeing and finishing method that improves the core-spun single woven fabric of dye-uptake and bright-colored degree just becomes the technical problem that present this technical field urgent need solves.
Summary of the invention
The object of the present invention is to provide a kind of colouring problems such as left, center, right aberration, front and back aberration and male and female face that can improve the easy appearance of knot dyeing technology, can effectively improve again on the cotton dyestuff partly and dye situation, thereby improve the dyeing and finishing method of the core-spun single woven fabric of dye-uptake and bright-colored degree.
Above-mentioned purpose of the present invention is achieved through the following technical solutions:
A kind of dyeing and finishing method of core-spun single woven fabric, its step is as follows:
The first step: grey cloth is prepared; Comprise and dye preceding check, join cloth, sew up etc.;
Second step: singe; Remove the fabric face filoplume, improve finished product fabric face fineness; For the fabric of some specification,, need after dying, increase and singe together through the situation that may have filoplume to increase the weight of after the dyeing and finishing processing;
The 3rd step: boil and float; For fabric, boil to float and also need do the destarch processing in the past through sizing;
The 4th step: pre-setting; Fold when reducing back dyeing improves fabric tissue and DIMENSIONAL STABILITY;
The 5th step: mercerising; Improve fabric middle cotton fiber form, improve cotton with dyestuff dye-uptake and vividness;
The 6th step: brighten or dye; Brighten processing as required for white fabrics; Fabric for needs dyeing will dye respectively to terylene, cotton;
The 7th step: arrangement; At the index request of finished product, can select to carry out noniron finish, soil-releasing finiss, three-prevention finishing, antibiotic finish etc.;
The 8th step: jar steaming; Adopt the jar of wool spinning product to steam technology, improve finished product fabric size and colour stability, the planarization that improves fabric and fineness, help to promote the outward appearance class of fabric.
In said method, boil to float in the overflow dyeing machine and carry out; Mercerising carries out in the open width mercerizing range; Dyeing is carried out in overflow dyeing machine.
A kind of optimal technical scheme is characterized in that: the dyeing in described the 6th step comprises dyeing terylene and cotton dyeing.
A kind of optimal technical scheme is characterized in that: the actual conditions of described dyeing terylene is: disperse blue E-4R, 0.1%-0.3% (to fabric weight); Anti wrinkling agent, levelling agent, metal chelating agent respectively are 0-40g/l; Bath raio 1: 10-1: 20, temperature 120-135 ℃, time 20-60min; The condition of described cotton dyeing is: the real blue CA of beautiful China, 0.4-0.6% (to fabric weight); Glauber salt 10-20g/l; Soda ash 5-15g/l; Bath raio 1: 10-1: 20, temperature 50-70 ℃, time 25-45min.
A kind of optimal technical scheme is characterized in that: brightening in described the 6th step comprises:
Overflow is brightened: brightening agent, 0.4-0.6% (to fabric weight); Glauber salt 10-30g/l; Ammonium sulfate 10-20g/l; Bath raio 1: 10-1: 20, temperature 50-70 ℃, time 25-45min;
Open width brightens: brightening agent 5-15g/l; Glauber salt 20-40g/l; Ammonium sulfate 10-30g/l; Pick-up 50-70%.
A kind of optimal technical scheme is characterized in that: boiling to float in the overflow dyeing machine and carry out in described the 3rd step, and its prescription is: NaOH 3-5g/l, hydrogen peroxide 7-10g/l, stabilizing agent 2-4g/l, refining agent 10-15g/l; Bath raio 1: 10-1: 20, temperature 90-100 ℃, time 20-40min.
A kind of optimal technical scheme is characterized in that: the condition of arrangement is in described the 7th step: evenness calender pick-up 50-60%; Baking temperature 180-185 ℃, 0.5-1.5min.
A kind of optimal technical scheme is characterized in that: a jar condition of steaming is in described the 8th step: jar internal pressure 0.4-0.6bar, and steaming time: interior → outer 1.5min, outer → interior 1min, take out cool time 2-4min, evacuation time 1-3min.
Described boiling floated the destarch of sizing fabric (comprise through) and carried out in overflow dyeing machine, can be the normal pressure overflow machine, also can be the High Temperature High Pressure overflow machine, up, descending machine all can, process conditions are as the criterion with the impurity Ex-all usually.Generally speaking, 90~100 ℃ of holding temperatures, temperature retention time 20~40min.
Described mercerising carries out in the open width mercerizing range, and type has cloth clamp mercerizing range and cloth clamp-straight roller mercerizing range, and back one type effect is better, and process conditions are decided according to the fabric concrete condition.Effective alkali concentration generally is controlled at 180~260g/l.
Described dyeing is carried out in overflow dyeing machine, adopts two bath methods respectively terylene and cotton to be dyeed.At first adopt DISPERSE DYES to the dyeing of terylene component, 120~135 ℃ of holding temperatures, temperature retention time 20~60min.Adopt cotton the cotton component in the fabric to be dyeed then with dyestuff.Dyeing finishes and enters finishing process.
Described anti wrinkling agent, levelling agent and metal chelating agent are conventional auxiliary agent separately.
Described brightening agent, stabilizing agent and refining agent are conventional auxiliary agent separately.
Described bath raio, pick-up are the conventional term in this area: bath raio refers to the ratio of fabric and the weight of solution; Pick-up refers to pad the percentage that fabric contained solution in back accounts for the weight of fabric own through padding machine.
Beneficial effect:
Method of the present invention has been used the collocation of overflow and open width processing process combined, and wherein boiling floats, dyes is overflow process; Other are open width technology.Compare with the full open width processing technology of routine, improved look flower, aberration and the feel of fabric effectively; Compare with general overflow process,, improved the vividness and the COLOR FASTNESS of fabric color, improved the presentation quality of cloth cover owing to increased mercerising.
Below by specific embodiment the present invention is described in detail, is necessary to be pointed out that at this following examples only are used for the present invention is further detailed, can not be interpreted as limiting the scope of the invention.
The specific embodiment
Embodiment 1: grey quality 150g/m 2, wash/cotton 60/40 dyeing.
Concrete steps are as follows: fabric is singed: this fabric adopts two firing techniques, and grey cloth is singed and singed after dying, and is one positive one anti-at every turn; In overflow dyeing machine, boil and float; Mercerising on straight roller-cloth clamp mercerizing range; In the High Temperature High Pressure overflow dyeing machine, dye terylene and resisdye REACTIVE DYES; On evenness calender, pad the after-treating auxiliary working solution, decatize in KD95 type jar steaming machine.
In the present embodiment:
Boil and float: the normal pressure overflow dyeing machine, writing out a prescription is: NaOH 4g/l, hydrogen peroxide 7g/l, hydrogen peroxide stabilizer DS (Shandong giant dragon chemical industry manufacturing sale) 3g/l, refining agent ZX95 (belt chemical plant, Shijiazhuang is made and sold) 13g/l; Bath raio 1: 15,95 ℃ of temperature, time 35min;
Mercerising: cloth clamp mercerizing range, NaOH 180g/l;
Dyeing:
Dyeing terylene: disperse blue E-4R (Wuhan Dyestuff Plant makes and sells), 0.2% (o.w.f is promptly to fabric weight); Anti wrinkling agent 440, leveling agent d PL, metal chelating agent calgon are respectively 40g/l; Bath raio 1: 15,130 ℃ of temperature, time 35min;
Cotton dyeing: the real blue CA (production of De Sida company) of beautiful China, 0.5% (o.w.f); Glauber salt 15g/l; Soda ash 10g/l; Bath raio 1: 15,60 ℃ of temperature, time 35min;
Arrangement: water repellent finish.Fluorine-containing water repellent AG410 (Japan AGC company provides) 50g/l; Evenness calender pick-up 55%; 180 ℃ of baking temperatures, 1min;
Jar steams: jar internal pressure 0.5bar, steaming time: inside and outside 1.5min, outer → interior 1min takes out cool time 3min, evacuation time 2min.
Embodiment 2: grey quality 125g/m 2, polyester-cotton blend 50/50 brightens.
Concrete steps are as follows: fabric singe (positive is anti-); In overflow dyeing machine, boil and float; Mercerising on the cloth clamp mercerizing range; Brightening agent CPS and 4BK-B in overflow dyeing machine (development of evil in febrile disease company in Zhejiang provides), or on evenness calender, pad brightening agent; On evenness calender, pad the low formaldehyde no-ironing resin NSD of after-treating auxiliary working solution, decatize in KD95 type jar steaming machine.
In the present embodiment:
Boil and float: the normal pressure overflow dyeing machine, writing out a prescription is: NaOH 5g/l, hydrogen peroxide 10g/l, hydrogen peroxide stabilizer DS (giant dragon chemical plant, Shandong is made and sold) 2g/l, refining agent ZX95 (belt chemical plant, Shijiazhuang is made and sold) 10g/l; Bath raio 1: 10,90 ℃ of temperature, time 20min.Not enough as whiteness, boiling-off, bleaching separately can be carried out.
Mercerising: cloth clamp mercerizing range, NaOH 260g/l.
Brighten:
Overflow is brightened: brightening agent, 0.5% (o.w.f); Glauber salt 20g/l; Ammonium sulfate 15g/l; Bath raio 1: 15,60 ℃ of temperature, time 35min;
Open width brightens: brightening agent 10g/l; Glauber salt 30g/l; Ammonium sulfate 20g/l; Pick-up 60%;
Arrangement: noniron finish.Low formaldehyde no-ironing resin NSD 10g/l; Evenness calender pick-up 50%; 185 ℃ of baking temperatures, 40s;
Jar steams: jar internal pressure 0.6bar, steaming time: inside and outside 2.5min, outer → interior 2.5min takes out cool time 6min, evacuation time 3min.
Embodiment 3: grey quality 125g/m 2, polyester-cotton blend 50/50 brightens.
Concrete steps are as follows: fabric singe (positive is anti-); In overflow dyeing machine, boil and float; Mercerising on the cloth clamp mercerizing range; Brightening agent CPS and 4BK-B in overflow dyeing machine (the Zhejiang development of evil in febrile disease), or on evenness calender, pad brightening agent CPS and 4BK-B (the Zhejiang development of evil in febrile disease); The low formaldehyde no-ironing resin NSD of padding finishing auxiliary agent on evenness calender, decatize in KD95 type jar steaming machine.
In the present embodiment:
Boil and float: the normal pressure overflow dyeing machine, writing out a prescription is: NaOH 5g/l, hydrogen peroxide 10g/l, hydrogen peroxide stabilizer DS (Shandong giant dragon chemical industry manufacturing sale) 4g/l, refining agent ZX95 (belt chemical plant, Shijiazhuang is made and sold) 15g/l; Bath raio 1: 20,100 ℃ of temperature, time 40min.Not enough as whiteness, boiling-off, bleaching separately can be carried out;
Mercerising: cloth clamp mercerizing range, NaOH 200g/l;
Brighten:
Overflow is brightened: brightening agent, 0.5% (o.w.f); Glauber salt 20g/l; Ammonium sulfate 15g/l; Bath raio 1: 15,60 ℃ of temperature, time 35min;
Open width brightens: brightening agent 10g/l; Glauber salt 30g/l; Ammonium sulfate 20g/l; Pick-up 60%;
Arrangement: noniron finish.Low formaldehyde no-ironing resin NSD (the federal Coulter Corp in Shijiazhuang provides) 10g/l; Evenness calender pick-up 55%; 185 ℃ of baking temperatures, 40s;
Jar steams: jar internal pressure 0.6bar, steaming time: inside and outside 2.5min, outer → interior 2.5min takes out cool time 6min, evacuation time 3min.
Embodiment 4: grey quality 150g/m 2, wash/cotton 60/40 dyeing.
Concrete steps are as follows: fabric is singed: this fabric adopts two firing techniques, and grey cloth is singed and singed after dying, and is one positive one anti-at every turn; In overflow dyeing machine, boil and float; Mercerising on straight roller-cloth clamp mercerizing range; In the High Temperature High Pressure overflow dyeing machine, dye terylene and resisdye REACTIVE DYES; The low formaldehyde no-ironing resin NSD of padding finishing auxiliary agent on evenness calender, decatize in KD95 type jar steaming machine.
In the present embodiment:
Boil and float: the normal pressure overflow dyeing machine, writing out a prescription is: NaOH 4g/l, hydrogen peroxide 7g/l, hydrogen peroxide stabilizer DS (giant dragon chemical plant, Shandong is made and sold) 3g/l, refining agent ZX95 (belt chemical plant, Shijiazhuang is made and sold) 13g/l; Bath raio 1: 15,95 ℃ of temperature, time 35min;
Mercerising: cloth clamp mercerizing range, NaOH 180g/l;
Dyeing:
Dyeing terylene: disperse blue E-4R, 0.2% (o.w.f); Anti wrinkling agent 440 (dolantin chemical plant, Guangdong is made and sold), levelling agent P-6, metal chelating agent calgon 20g/l; Bath raio 1: 15,130 ℃ of temperature, time 60min;
Cotton dyeing: the real blue CA of beautiful China, 0.5% (o.w.f); Glauber salt 15g/l; Soda ash 10g/l; Bath raio 1: 15,60 ℃ of temperature, time 35min;
Arrangement: water repellent finish.Fluorine-containing water repellent AG410 (Japanese bright one-tenth company provide) 50g/l; Evenness calender pick-up 55%; 180 ℃ of baking temperatures, 1min;
Jar steams: jar internal pressure 0.5bar, steaming time: inside and outside 1.5min, outer → interior 1min takes out cool time 3min, evacuation time 2min.
Embodiment 5: grey quality 150g/m 2, wash/cotton 60/40 dyeing.
Concrete steps are as follows: fabric is singed: this fabric adopts two firing techniques, and grey cloth is singed and singed after dying, and is one positive one anti-at every turn; In overflow dyeing machine, boil and float; Mercerising on straight roller-cloth clamp mercerizing range; In the High Temperature High Pressure overflow dyeing machine, dye terylene and resisdye REACTIVE DYES; The low formaldehyde no-ironing resin NSD of padding finishing auxiliary agent on evenness calender, decatize in KD95 type jar steaming machine.
In the present embodiment:
Boil and float: the normal pressure overflow dyeing machine, writing out a prescription is: NaOH 4g/l, hydrogen peroxide 7g/l, hydrogen peroxide stabilizer DS (giant dragon chemical plant, Shandong is made and sold) 3g/l, refining agent ZX95 (belt chemical plant, Shijiazhuang is made and sold) 13g/l; Bath raio 1: 15,95 ℃ of temperature, time 35min; Mercerising: cloth clamp mercerizing range, NaOH 180g/l;
Dyeing:
Dyeing terylene: disperse blue E-4R, 0.2% (o.w.f); Bath raio 1: 15,130 ℃ of temperature, time 60min;
Cotton dyeing: the real blue CA of beautiful China, 0.5% (o.w.f); Glauber salt 15g/l; Soda ash 10g/l; Bath raio 1: 15,60 ℃ of temperature, time 35min;
Arrangement: water repellent finish.Fluorine-containing water repellent AG410 (Japanese bright one-tenth) 50g/l; Evenness calender pick-up 55%; 180 ℃ of baking temperatures, 1min;
Jar steams: jar internal pressure 0.5bar, steaming time: inside and outside 1.5min, outer → interior 1min takes out cool time 3min, evacuation time 2min.

Claims (6)

1. the dyeing and finishing method of a core-spun single woven fabric, its step is as follows:
First step grey cloth is prepared; Second step singed; The 3rd step boiled in overflow dyeing machine and floats; The 4th step pre-setting; The 5th step mercerising; The 6th step dyeed or brightened; The arrangement of the 7th step; Jar steaming of the 8th step; Described core-spun single woven fabric is a polyester-cotton fabric, and described dyeing comprises dyeing terylene and cotton dyeing.
2. the dyeing and finishing method of core-spun single woven fabric according to claim 1 is characterized in that: described the 3rd step boils the prescription that floats and is: NaOH 3-5g/l, hydrogen peroxide 7-10g/l, stabilizing agent 2-4g/l, refining agent 10-15g/l; Bath raio 1: 10-1: 20, temperature 90-100 ℃, time 20-40min.
3. the dyeing and finishing method of core-spun single woven fabric according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: the actual conditions of described dyeing terylene is: disperse blue E-4R is 0.1%-0.3% to fabric weight; Anti wrinkling agent, levelling agent, metal chelating agent respectively are 0-40g/l; Bath raio 1: 10-1: 20, temperature 120-135 ℃, time 20-60min; The condition of described cotton dyeing is: the real blue CA of beautiful China is 0.4-0.6% to fabric weight; Glauber salt 10-20g/l; Soda ash 5-15g/l; Bath raio 1: 10-1: 20, temperature 50-70 ℃, time 25-45min.
4. the dyeing and finishing method of core-spun single woven fabric according to claim 1 is characterized in that: brighten described in described the 6th step and comprise:
Overflow is brightened: brightening agent is 0.4-0.6% to fabric weight; Glauber salt 10-30g/l; Ammonium sulfate 10-20g/l; Bath raio 1: 10-1: 20, temperature 50-70 ℃, time 25-45min;
Open width brightens: brightening agent 5-15g/l; Glauber salt 20-40g/l; Ammonium sulfate 10-30g/l; Pick-up 50-70%.
5. the dyeing and finishing method of core-spun single woven fabric according to claim 1 is characterized in that: the condition of arrangement is in described the 7th step: evenness calender pick-up 50-60%; Baking temperature 180-185 ℃, 0.5-1.5min.
6. the dyeing and finishing method of core-spun single woven fabric according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: a jar condition of steaming is in described the 8th step: jar internal pressure 0.4-0.6bar, steaming time: 1.5min, 1min from outside to inside from inside to outside, take out cool time 2-4min, evacuation time 1-3min.
CN2007101186239A 2007-07-10 2007-07-10 Dyeing and finishing method for core-spun single woven fabric CN101082155B (en)

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CN102493143A (en) * 2011-12-09 2012-06-13 浙江航民股份有限公司 Continuous pretreatment/overflow dyeing/after treatment mixed production method
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CN103255541A (en) * 2013-04-28 2013-08-21 宁波雄发墙体材料有限公司 Satin tank steamed cloth and washing method thereof
CN103966871A (en) * 2014-05-20 2014-08-06 苏州市吴中区大明针织漂染有限公司 Process for manufacturing mercerized cotton printing and dyeing fabric
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CN107190444A (en) * 2017-05-27 2017-09-22 芜湖富春染织股份有限公司 A kind of colouring method of polyester-cotton blend filament core-spun yarn
CN107700202A (en) * 2017-09-30 2018-02-16 江苏悦达家纺有限公司 Bath method boiling and bleaching process during bafta mercerization finish
CN108486859B (en) * 2018-03-29 2020-05-05 鲁泰纺织股份有限公司 Dyeing method of pure cotton yarn with lasting whiteness
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